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Chaucer. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4844.


Forsoth what thingis I wryte to you, loo! bifore God for I lye not, or gabbe not (mentior).- Wic. Gal. i. 20.

Therfore God schal send to hem a worchyng of errores, that thei bileeue to leesyng or gabbyng, that all be demyd or dampned the whiche bileueden not to treuthe but consentiden to wickidnesse.-Id. 2 Thess. ii. 10.

GADDER, i. e. Gather, qv.

GALL. To claw on the Gall, Chaucer. To rub

or hit on a sore part.

For trewely ther n'is non of us all,
If any wight wol claw us on the gall,
That we n'il kike for that he saith us soth.

Chaucer. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6522.

GALLEY, s. See the Quotation.

As to the inside, (of a house in China,) all the walls, instead of wainscot, were lined with hardened and painted tiles, like the little square tiles we call galley-tiles in England, all made of the finest china, and the figures exceeding fine, indeed, with extraordinary variety of colours mixed with gold.-Defoe. Robinson Crusoe.

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GANE. (Skelton.) See YAWN.
GANG, v.

Symonye and Cyvylle
Sholde on hire feet gange.


Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1219. See GUARD.

GARR, v. The Quotation explains the sense. This is the only instance that I have met with.

For this thing if I shal come, I shal moneste his werkes, whiche he doith, garring or chidinge in to us (garriens in nos).- Wic. 3 John, 10.

GARRET. Used by Piers Plouhman as by Berners and G. Douglas. See in Dictionary. A lodge (for a sentinel) built on high. A watch-tower. With gaie garetes and grete.


Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 425.

Counfoundid ben the wise men, zast (maad aferd, perterriti) and cast thei ben.- Wic. Jer. viii. 9.


Whan these thingis ben seide, thei schulen adde othere thingis, and schulen speke to the peple, Who is a ferdful and of gastful herte? (E. V. feerd, pavido.) Id. Deut. xx. 8. Forsothe toure gastines (L. V. feerdfulness, terror) is faln into us, and alle the dwellers of the foond ben abasshid. Id. Josh. ii. 9. and Job vi. 8. Amideo. He looks so ghastfully, Would I were past him.-Dryden. Rival Ladies, iv. 3. GAT. GATE. See GET.

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And he greithide two onychyn stonus boundun and closid with gold, and grauen with gemmary craft (L. V. bi crafte of worchere in temmys, arte gemmaria), with the names of the sones of Yrael.- Wic. Er. xxxix. 4.

GEMEL. Fr. Gemeau, a twin. Gimmal, a bitis a bit having two rings or links. Forsothe instondyng the beryng, gemels apereden in the wombe. (L. V. twei children, Gemini.) Wic. Gen. xxxviii. 27. Thi two tetus as two junge capretis, iemews of the she capret. Id. Song of Solomon, vii. 4.

To avoid the tedious repetition of these words" is equal to"-I will set, as I do often in work use a pair of parallels, gemowe lines of one length, thus, because no two things can be more equal.-R. Record. Whetstone of Wit, 1557. GENDER.

And it shal be, whan eny man shal prophesie ouere, his fader and moder that gendriden hym, shuln saye to hymn, thou shalt not lyue, for thou hast spoken lesyng in the name of the Lord; and his fadir and modir, gendrers of hym (genitores), shuln to gidre ficche hym (configent) whan he hath prophecied.-Wic. Zech. xiii. 3.

The seneues of his stones of gendrure ben foldid togidere (testiculorum).-Id. Job xl. 12.


And he (Phynees) stikide thur; both togidre the man, that is, and the womman, in the genytale places (L. V. of gendryng, locis genitalibus).- Wic. Num. xxv. 8. GENET.

When Syr John Ferrand saw the geneture, he said to a squyer of his, Galop forth thy genct, and assay to spede with yonder geneture.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. P. 179.


But it be thei of evill life

Whom Genius cursed man and wife-
That wrongly werke again Nature;
None soche I love.-Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4771.
GENT. Chaucer, for rhyme sake, writes Gende.
This herber was all full of floures gende (gent).

Chaucer. Com. of Black King, v. 127.
For he that wol han pris of his genterie,
For he was boren of a gentil hous,
And had his elders noble and vertuous-
And n'ill himselven do no gentil dedes,
Ne folwe his gentil auncestrie that ded is,
He n'is not gentil, be he duk or erl;
For vilains sinful dedes make a cherl.

Id. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6734. Princes and peers reduced to plain gentlemanship, and gentles reduced to a level with their own lackeys, are excesses of which they will repent hereafter. Cowper to Lady Hesketh, July 7, 1790.


These xii sent Jesus forth after he had geuen to them commaundement, saying: Go not to the wayes that lead to the Gentyls, and into the cities of the Samaritanes enter ye not.-Bib. 1549. Mat. x.

GEOLOGY. From yn, the earth, and Aoyoç, a discourse. A discourse on, the knowledge of, the earth; its structure and component parts, their nature and mutations.


Ac Astronomye is an hard thynge
And yvel for to knowe;
Geometry and Geomesie


With gile thow hem gete,

Ageyn alle reson.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12747. In the werke forsothe of it (Wisdom) a litil thou shal trauailen, and soone thou shalt ete of the getingus of it. (L. V. generaciouns, de generationibus.)

Wic. Ecclus. vi. 20.

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But the Master-misses of the present age go, lack-a-day, so gingerly about it, as if they were afraid to fill their mouths with the paint upon their mistress's cheeks. Foote. The Knights, A. ii. GINNING, 8. See KIND, Piers Plouhman. GIRD.

Whi carsith this dogge, that schal die, my lord, the Kyng? Y schal go and I schal girde off his heed (ampu tabo).-Wic. 2 Kings xvi. 19.

And (Dauid) stood upon the Philistee, and took his


swerde, and drew it out of his sheeth; and he slew hym, and girde off his heed. (L. V. kittide awei, præscidit.) Id. 1 Kings xvii. 51. But in the field through girt with many a wound. Lidgate. Thebes. GIST, s. or GIT. Fr. Giste, from gésir, to lie. Giste d'un lièvre: the form of a hare. Met. that on which a case, an argument, rests. (A common term in law.) See AGIST.

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And Dauid seide to the princes of dekenes, that thei schulden ordeyne of her britheren syngeris in orguns of musikis, that is in giternes (E. V. sautrees, nablis), and harpis, and symbalis.- Wic. 1 Par. xv. 16.

Harp and gittern (cithara et lyra) (ben) in toure festes.
Id. Is. v. 12.

And also he bi-gileth the gyvere.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4611. Some things which pass the fire are softest at first, and by time grow hard, as the crumb of bread; some are harder when they come from the fire, and afterwards give again, as the crust of bread, &c.-Bacon. Nat. Hist. § 295. Tim. What, dost thou weepe? Come neerer, then. I loue thee Because thou art a woman, and disclaim'st Flinty mankinde, whose eyes do never give But thorough lust and laughter.

Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, act iv. sc. 3. Their language (the French), as I found upon the first giving of the weather, fell asunder and dissolved. Addison. Tatler, No. 154. GLAD. Gladly, in Persones Tale and Thisbe, Mr. Tyrwhitt thinks may mean, commonly.

For lo! I shape Jerusalem ful out glading (exultationem), and his puple ioze. And I shal ful out zladen (exultabo) in Jerusalem, and iozen in my puple.- Wic. Is. lxv. 19. Thou azen came to the gladere (hym that is glad, lætanti) and to the doende ritt wisnesse.-Id. lb. lxív. 5.

And Philistien dredden, seiynge, God is comen into the tentis: and inwardly thei weiliden, seiynge, Woo to us! forsothe ther was not so mych gladynge zisterday, ne before isterday. (L.V. ful wiyng, exultatio.)-Id. 1 Kings iv. 8. That he make gladsum (L. V. make glad, exhilararet) the face in oile.-Id. Ps. ciii. 15.

Let us now touche the vice of flaterie, which ne cometh not gladly, but for drede, or for covetise. Chaucer. Persones Tale. And this was gladly in the eventide, Or wonder erly, lest men it espide.-Id. Thisbe, v. 770. GLARE.

A lion now he stalkes with fierie glare.

Milton. Par. L. b. iv. v. 402.
GLASS, v. Also, to view as in a glass or mirror.
That he may glasse therin his garments light.
Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xiv. st. 77.

GLEDE. A. S. Gled-a, perhaps from Glid-an,
to glide. A bird, so called from its motion.
And the glede and the kite.- Wic. Deut. xiv 13.
Like unto ravenous gledes and kites.-Hol. Axm. p. 7.
GLENT or GLINT, v. To slip. See GLANCE.
GLENT, s. and adj. A slip; slippery. Dyce.
But for all that he is like to have a glent.
Skelton. Magnyfycence, v. 1687.
Go softly, she said, the stones be full glint.
And we glode fast o'er a pellucid plain
Of waters, azure with the noon-tide day.


Id. Garland of Love, v. 572.

Shelley. The Revolt of Islam, C. i.

The sunne and moone stoden in her dwellyng place, and in the list of thin arewis thei schulen go, in the schynyng of thi spere glisnyng. (E. V smylynge, fulgurantis.) Wic. Habac. íii. 11.


So perischen alle thin eneymyes, thou Lord: forsooth thoo that louen thee, as the sunne in his rysynge shyneth (splendet), so glitteren thei. (L. V. schyne, rutilent.) Wic. Judg. v. 31. His court with glitterant pearl was all inwall'd. G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph over Death. Bearing a sword whose glitterance and keen edge, E'en as I view'd it with the flood between, Appall'd me.

Cary. Dante. Purgatorio, xxix. 136; Paradiso, xiv. 101. It (a boat) rose and fell upon the surge,


Till from the glitterance of the sunny main
He turn'd his aching eyes.-Southey. Thalaba, b. xii. st. 2.

Therfore to hym silf he hath madd thee to come nyt, and alle thi bretheren the sones of Leuy, that to 30w also preesthod je chalengen, and al thi glubbe stoond atens the Lord? (L. V. gaderyng, globus.)- Wie. Num. xvi. 11.

Thanne the wayte, that stode upon the toure of Jezrael, see the glub of Hien commynge, seith, I see a glub. (L.V. multitude.)-Id. 4 Kings ix. 17.


There is a secret glome or bottom of our days; 'twas his wisdom to determine them; but his (God's) perpetual and waking providence that fulfils and accomplisheth them. Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. § 43.

GLORY. Glorious, as the Lat. Gloriosus. Boasting; proclaiming our own praises.

And Mychol, the douster of Saul, goon out into aten comyng, seith, How glorious (gloriosus) was the Kyng of Yrael to dai, discoueryng hym self before hoond wymmen of his seruauntis.- Wic. 2 Kings vi. 20.

But I grow glorious.-Beaumont and Fletcher. Thierry and Theodoret, act ii. sc. 1.


Thei seiden to the wijf of Sampson, Glose thin hosebonde. (E. V. faage, v. Fadge, supra, blandire.) Wic. Judg. xiv. 15. And (he) sustenende hir with his armys, to the tyme she turneden ageen to hirself, with these woordis gloside. (L. V. spak faire, blandiebatur.)-Id. Esther xv. 11. GLUE.

The wodi valei forsothe had manye pittis of gluwy cley. (L. V. pitche, var. r. ethir strong glu, bituminis.) Wic. Gen. xiv. 10. He tok a ionket of resshen, and glewide it with glowishe cley. (L. V. bawmed it with tar, linivit eam bitumine.) Id. Er. ii. 3.

GLUGGIS, s. Clogs; closs or hemps. Place of a safyr is stones, and the gluggis of hym gold. (L. V. clottis, gleba.)- Wic. Job xxviii. 6.


This oure sone is ouerthewert, and rebel; he dispisith to heere our monestyngis, ethir heestis, he gyueth tent to Wic. Deut. xxi. 20. glotonyes. (E. V. glotryes, comessationibus.) Who kepith the lawe a wis sone is, who forsothe glotones fedith, schendith his fader.-Id. Prov. xxviii. 7. GNARE, i. e. Snare.

Thou art gnarid by the wordis of thi mouth (L. V. boundun, illaqueatus es), and taken with thi proper wordis. Wie. Prov. vi. 2, et aliter. Thou hast delyuered my body fro perdicioun, fro the gnare of a wicke tunge, and fro the lippes of men werkende lesyng. (L.V. snare, laqueo.)—ld. Ecclus. li. 3, et aliter. GNARR, v.

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Porphyry and some others did distinguish these two sorts (of Magic) so as to condemn the grosser, which they called Magic, or Goety.-Halywell. Metampronaa (1682), p. 54. GOLD. GOLD-HEWEN, i. e. hued, coloured. Chaucer, The Knightes Tale, v. 2502. Goldsmithry. See the Quotation from Chaucer in v. Devise, supra.

Forsothe it byfelle, by eche citee of men of Jerusalem, for to be seen fourty days horsmen rennyng about by the eyre (per aera) hauynge golden stoolis, and schaftis, as cumpanyes of kniztis armed.- Wic. 2 Mac. v. 2.

For whi as dreed-(see Bugge) in placis where cucummeris, that ben bitter herbis, waxen, kepith no thing; so ben the treenen Goddis, and sylveren, and goldid of hem. (L.V. of gold, inaurati.)-Id. Baruch, vi. 69.

And he translatide al Jerusalem, and alle the princis, and alle the stronge men of the oost in to caitiftee, and eche crafti man, and goldsmyst. (E. V. enclosere, clusorem.) Id. 4 Kings xxiv. 14; also v. 16. The gold-less age, where gold disturbs no dreams. Byron. The Island.

GOLET, Chaucer, i. e. Gullet.
GOMME, i. e. Gum, qv.

And (Hieu) castide out of the Temple of Baal his ymage and brent it, and drof it al to dust; and distroied the hous of Baal, and made gongis for it.

Wie. Prol. p. 17. In 4 Kings x. 27, priuys, latrinas. GONNE, i. e. Gan, qv. And see GIN. GOOD. To shoot at goodness, Chaucer, infra, i. e. at advantage. Tyrwhitt. Good-bye, i. e. Good, or rather-God be with you. Similar to the Fr. To whom he (Joseph) goodliche, Come ner, he seide, to me. (L. V. mekeli, clementer.)- Wic. Deut. xlv. 4.

So euery good tree makith good fruytis: sothely an yuel tree makith yuel fruytis. A good tree may not make yuel The gnarring porter (Charon) durst not whine for doubt fruytis, nether an yuel tree make good fruytes. (In Lewis's edition, gode fruytis.) (i. e. fear), Still were the furies. Fairefar.

Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. iv. st. 8.

Gnastyng (L. V. fnesting, hinnitus) therof is herd fro
Dan.-Wic. Jer. viii. 16.

Loke thou do not spare
Maugre Age, although that he frete or gnaste.
"Chaucer. Remedie of Love, v. 123.

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Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2506.

(Mede) graunteth to goon
With a good wille

To London.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1192.
His wiif walked hym with,

With a long gode.-Id. Creed, v. 862.
Lerneth to suffren, or, so mote I gon,
Ye shul it lerne, whether ye wol or non.

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11089. The packer allows the clothier to say what he pleases; and the broker has his countenance ready to laugh with the merchant, though the abuse is to fall on himself, be47

Id. Bible. Mat. vii. 17 (both versions good). Right as an hunter can abide The beste till he seeth his tide To shote, at godenesse, to the dere, Whan that him nedeth go no nere.


Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1453.

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canals or pipes under ground, to carry off by drops. See SKIN.


GRACE. A title of honour of dukes, archbishops, and formerly of monarchs. See MAJESTY, infra.

Thon sente Joram to Kyng Dauid that he salute hym, thankynge to gidre (congratulans), and he doo gracis (Ľ. V. thankyngis, gratias ageret) for thi that he hath ouercomen Adadezer.- Wic. 2 Kings viii. 10.

Iote and gladnesse shal be founde in it, gracedoing (L. V. doyng of thankys, gratiarum actio) and vois of preising. Id. Is. li. 3.

So full of sorowe am I, sothe to sayne, That certainly no more harde grace May sit on me, for why? there is no space. Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, i. 713. GRADIENT, 8. Common on railways, to denote a proportional ascent or descent.



(I was) the coventyes gardyner

For to graffen impes.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 27116. GRAIN.

Nethir in thi vyner thou schalt gadere reysyns and greynes falling down (L. V. cornes,grana), but thou schalt leue to be gaderid of pore men and pilgryms.

Wic. Lev. xix. 10. How oft, when purple evening tinged the west, We watched the emmet to her grainy nest.

Rogers. Pleasures of Memory, p. 1. GRAITH, or GREITH, is the usual rendering of the Lat. parare, præparure in Wic. Bible, E. V. Love is the graithe gate

That goth into hevene.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 871.

He in goodnesse of gost

Graythliche hem warned

To wayven hir wikkednesse

And werkes of synne.-ld. Crede, v. 1054.

His bed shal ben graythed.-Id. lb. v. 1460.

The sixthe day forsothe greithe thei (L. V. make redi, parent) that thei bryngen yn, and dowble be there that thei weren wont to gedere bi eche daies.- Wic. Ex. xvi. 5. And there is putte to hem grete greithinge of meet (L.V. makyng redi, præparatio), and thei eten and drunken. ld. 4 Kings vi. 23.


And gyue he to thee blissyngis of Abraham, and to thi seed aftir thee, that thow haue the loond of thi pilgrimage, the whiche he hath bihoot to thi graunsire. (L.V.grauntsir, avo.)- Wic. Gen. xxviii. 4.

GRAPPLE. Berners writes Graped.


They had graped their ships together with hokes of yron.
Berners' Froissart, v. í. P.

And thou shalt graasp in mydday; as is woned a blynd man to graasp in derknissis. (L. V. grope, palpare; so also Job v. 14, xii. 25.)- Wic. Deut. xxviii. 29.

We all know she (Queen Elizabeth) never was a greedy grasper, nor straight-handed keeper.

Ellesmere. Speech in Campbell's Life.



Where he were a parisshen
Right there he sholde be grauen.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6709.
Thei spille hore blode, as watir in the umgong (qv.) (in cir-
cuitu) of Jerusalem: and none was for to grave (sepelire).
Wic. Ed. Pref. p. 4. Ps. lxxviii. 3.

GRAVE. See PAY, infra. They (the Cochin Chinese) discovered us all hard at work, on the outside of the ship's bottom and side, washing and graviny, and stopping, as every seaman knows how. Defoe. Robinson Crusoe. Our carpenter being prepared to grave the outside of the ship.-Id. lb.


As a graveli steezing up in the feet of an old man, so a (L. V. a stiyngeful of tungy womman to a quyete man. grauel, arenosces ascensus.)- Wic. Ecc. xxv. 27. GRAVID, &c. See GRAVE. GREASE. Chaucer. See in v. Farthing. And he piste into his wombe so strongly that the pomel folwide the yren in the wounde, and that with most fat grees it was streyned. (L. V. thickest fatnesse, pinguissimo adipe.) Wic. Judg. iii. 22. In his owen grese I made him frie, For and for veray jalousie. anger, Chaucer. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6069. The GREAT, s. In Piers Plouhman is Size. Grete in Chaucer, the sum, the substance.


For alle are a-liche longe, Noon lasse than oother, And of o (one) greetnesse.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10918. And of this thing I touch not but the grete, I cannot nowe wel countrefete.

Chaucer. Lucrece, v. 1693. Her wordes; but this was the grete Of her answere.-ld. The Boke of the Duchesse, v. 1243. This Duke of Ireland was so great with the Kynge that he ruled him as he lyste.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 281. That is greater, which contains another (or which is equal to another), and something besides: That lesser, which is so contained in another (or in that which is equal to another), that something is still remaining. Barrow. Math. Lecture, xiii. p. 233. These things greaten them in their own fancy, and they imagine they likewise greaten them in the eyes of others. Turnbull. Justin. Discourse, p. 13, 1746. GREDE, v. And, for that, Ocy, Ocy, I grede.

GREE, v.

Chaucer. Cuckow and Nightingale, v. 135.

The gree yit, hath he geten.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12270. This braunche of holynesse Withouten helpe went up gree by gree.

Lyfe of our Ladye, a. 3, c. 2. For al his grete wound, the Kynge of Aragon toke the excusations in gre.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 207. GREED, v.

And thanne gan Gloton greete,

And gret doel to make.--Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3245. GREEN, adj. And further, tender, young, met. childishly young.

For she whitnesse had of Honestee,
grene of conscience, and of gode fame
The swote savour, Lilie was hire name.

Chaucer. Seconde Nonnes Tale, v. 15558.


And when I thinke upon the kisse
And how much joie, and how much blisse
I hadde through the savour swete,
For want of it I grone and grete.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4116.
And she with humble herte and glad visage,
Not with no swollen thought in hire corage,
Came at his hest, and on hire knees hire sette,
And reverently and wisely she him grette.

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And so thanne thilke zazabazar cam, and sette the groundis (L. V. foundementis, fundamenta) of the temple of God in Jerusalem.- Wic. I Esd. v. 16.

And his rist hond takun, he lifte hym up, and anoon the groundis (bases) and plauntis, or solis of hym (the lame man) ben saddid to gidere; and he lipping stood, and wandride. (Mar. note, Groundis, that is, thies and leggis on whiche the birthen of the bodi restith.)-Id. Deeds iii. 7GROW. Applied to any change of size, state, or condition. To become greater or less. If I do grow great, I'll grow less. GRUB.

Shakespeare. Henry IV. Pt. 1. act v. sc. 4.

O good Lady (quod I than) se now how senen yere passed and more haue I graffed and groubed a vine with al the waies that I coude, I sought to a fede me of the grape but fruite haue I non founde.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i. GRUDGE.

I haue herd forsothe youre grucchyng (murmur). What forsoth ben we, that ze grucchen (mussitastis) azens us? Wie. Ex. xvi. 7.

His hed he shal moue, and flappe for ioye with the hond: and many thingus grucchendeli whistrende. (L. V. speke The Clerkes Tale, v. 8828. priuyli, multa susurrans.)—Id. Ecclus. xii. 19.

And in his waie of Tyre he mette,
A man, whiche on his knees him grette.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 177'. GREGGE. See AGGREGE. Forsothe the honde of the Lord is greggide upon the A30this (L. V. maad greuouse, aggravata est), and he waastid hem.- Wic. 1 Kings v. 6.


And thou schalt make a brasun gridele (E. V. gredyrne, craticulam), in the maner of a net.- Wic. Ex. xxvii. 4.

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GRIN, v.

And manye of hem shul offenden and fallen, and ben tobrosid, and grened (L. V. boundun, irretientur), and ben takun.- Wic. Is. viii. 15.

And the platis of seluer cast aweij in the temple, he wente awey, and goyinge awey, he hangid hym with a grane or a gnare. (L.V. snare, laqueo.)-Id. Mat. xxvii. 5. GRIND.

And idel shuln ben the wymmen grindende in a litil noumbre, and seende bi holes shul waxe derc: and closen the dores in the stretes in the vois of hir grindende. (L.V. grindere, molantis.)- Wic. Eccles. xii. 3.

And the puple wenten abowt, gederynge it (manna), and breke in a gryndstoon (L. V. a queerne stoon, mola) or powned in a morter.-Id. Num. xi. 8.


Forsothe tho olde dwelleris of thin holi lond, the whiche thou grisedist (L. V. wlatidist, i. e. loathedest, exhorruisti); Wis. xii. 3. for hateful werkis thei diden to thee.- Wic. Unknowen bestes... or bringende forth smel of smoke, or puttende out grisful sperkes fro ezen. (L. V. hidouse, horrendas.)-Id. Ib. xi. 19.

And whil thei wenen them to lurken in derk synnes, bi the derc veil of forzeting, thei ben scatered, dredende gris48


A gry is the one-tenth of a line, a line one-tenth of an
inch, an inch, &c.
Locke. Human Understanding, b. iv. c. 10, § 10, n.
GRY, adj. See Tooke, 8vo. p. 554, note, in v.
The hearing this doth force the tyrant gry (i. e. grim).
Godfrey of Bulloigne. By R. C. p. 61, c. 2, s. 23.

And anoone as he had seen it and worshiped it (the ymage of Jhesu), he was all quarished and hoole.

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For the hope of the unpitous is as smoke that of the wind is held abrod, and as the mind (memoria) of a geste (hospitis) of o dai passende biside. (L. V. herberid man.) Wic. Wisd. v. 15.

I have too gistes within, that this same nyght
Soped in the halle.-Chaucer. Par. and Tap. v. 550.
No wonder is though that she (Grisildis) be astoned
To see so gret a gest come in that place;
She never was to non swiche gestes woned;
For which she loked with ful palè face.

Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8214.
GUIDE, v. Written Gye, gie, by our older writers,
and not uncommon in Fairefax.
Gyle was for-goer,

And gyed hem alle.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1257.
Grace-Gyour of all clerkes.-Id. v. 18814.
The King awak'd, and saw before his eies
A man whose presence seemed graue and old,
A writhen staffe his steps vnstable guies,
Which seru'd his feeble members to vphold.

Fairefax. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. x. st. 9.

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And Eleasar, sone of Saura, see; oon of the beestus hau-
beriowned with hauberions of the Kyng (loricatam loricis),
and it was heet stondynge ouere other beestis.
Wic. 1 Mac. vi. 43.

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The fornycacioun of a womman (is) in hauncing out of
ezen (L. V. reisyng, extollentia); and in the eşelidis of hir
The sones of Israel eeten manna fourti yeer, til thei she shal be knowen.- Wic. Ecclus. xxvi. 12.
eamen in to the lond abitable.-Wic. Ex. xvi. 35.

HAND. Hand-reaching, Heb. x. 25, New Testa-
HACKBUTTEER. See Quotation from Scott in ment, 1528, called Coverdale's. Gadering together.
v. Bandelier (Band).
Wiclif. Collectio. Vulgate.

Handy dandy. Florio explains the It. Bazzicchiare,
-To shake between two hands, to play handy dandy.
Thanne wowede (wooed) Wrong

Wisdom ful yerne,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12118.


(If) in the hewynge of the trees the axe fleeth the hoond, and the yren slipt of fro the haft (L. V. helue, manubrio), smytith his freend, and sleeth; this to oon of the foresaid citees shal fleet and lyue.-Wic. Deut. xix. 5.

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And thow schalt make elleuen heeren sarges (saga sili

cina), to couer the roof of the tabernacle.

Id. Ex. xxvi. 7.
A bende of gold and silke full freshe and gaie
With her in tresse ybroudered full wele,
Right smothly kept, and shinyng every dele.

Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 811.
HALDEN, i. e. Holden. See HOLD.

Her takill redie tho thei maden,
And haleth sayle, and forth thei fare.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. 7, fo. 1762.
And myghty tyrauntes from her ryal see
He hath ahalyd and y put a doun.

Lyfe of our Ladye, d. 6. c. 1.

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HAN, i. e. haven. See HAVE.


Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 598.

And Sella gendride Tubalcayn, that was an hamer-
betere (E. V. hamer smyth, malleator), and smyst on (E. V.
a smyth in to) alle werkis of bras and of yrun.
Wic. Gen. iv. 22.
(This is) a hard handed and stiff ignorance worthy a
trowel or a hammer man.

Ben Jonson. Magnetic Lady, act ii. sc. 1.

To maken pees with his pens

Handy dandy payed.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2232.
Let fall some of the handfuls of purpose for her (Ruth).
Ruth ii. 16.


Bring in handfuls, lilies bring,
Bring me all the flow'ry spring.

Lloyd. Tears of Parnassus.
HAND-SOME. Ready for the hand.
Whatsoever came next to their hands, and lay handsome
to them, they rifled.-Holland Livius, p. 571.


And whanne he hadde cast forth the siluer in the temple, he passide forth, and 3ede, and hongide himself (E. V. hangide, suspendit laqueo) with a snare.

Wic. Mat. xxvii. 6.
The Pardoner had here as yelwe as waxe,
Ful smoth it heng, as doth a strike of flax.
Chaucer. Prologue, v. 678.

A pair of bedes blacke as sable
She toke and hynge my necke about;
Upon the gaudees all without,
Was writte of golde pur reposér.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii.

HAP. Whether ye knowen not your silf, for Crist Iesu is in zou? but in happe (fortè) ze ben reprevable.

Wic. 2 Cor. xiii. 5.
Your hede was wont to be happed.-Skelton, i. 291. Dyce.
HARAS. Fr. Haras. A race; horses, &c. kept
only for breed. Cotgrave. And thus a stud.
Of harlottes to vse such an harres.-Skelton, i. 128.
HARBINGER. To harbenge, v

The Innes of Sergeants, fro the reuerence and eminence of the personages therein harbinged, I will giue the prioritie.-Stowe. Chronicle. Universities, ch. x.


Grayas, my herborgere (L. V. oost, hospes), greetith you wel, and al the chirche.-Wic. Rom. xvi. 23.

And he ladde hym into the hows of herbergrye (L. V. ynne, hospitium), and unsadelynge, dischargide the camelis.

Id. Gen. xxiv. 32. A shrewde lijf (vita nequam) of herberewing (hospitandı) fro hous in to hous: and wher he shal ben herberewid, he shal not feithfulli don, ne openen the mouth.

Id. Ecclus. xxix. 31. Hospitalite, that is, herboringe of pore men (hospitalitas). Id. Rom. xii. 13.

HALO, v.

His grey hairs
Curl'd, lifelike, to the fire

That haloed round his saintly brow.

Southey. Thalaba, b. ix. § 27.
HALPE, i. e. Helped. See HELP.


The whiche thingis ful doon hardiliche (L. V. hardili, And he preyede hym, and halsende ententify. (L. V. bi- audacter), Jacob seyde to Symyon and Leuy, șe han dissechide, obsecravit.)-Wic. 2 Par. xxxiii. 13.

turbid me.-Id. Gen. xxxiv. 30.


(Thei sholde) hardie hem that bihynde ben. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10497. And the Lord hardide the herte of Pharao (L. V. made hard, induravit), and he pursuede the sones of Yrael. Wic. Ex. xiv. 8. Kutte ye about therfore the utter more part of your herte; and your nolle (cervicem) furthermore harde ze not (induretis).-Id. Deut. x. 16.


Forsothe he haltide (claudicabat) in the foot.
Wic. Gen. xxxii. 31.
The trayteresse false (Fortune) and ful of gyle,—
That al behoteth, and nothing halte,
She goth upright and yet she halte.

Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9879.
Sirs, speke hardely what ye thinke in this matter.
Berners' Froissart, v. i. p. 312.
HARLOT. The Lat. Emissarii is rendered har-
Chaucer. Boke of the Duchesse, vv. 621, 2. lotis, ether messengers, in Wiclif, Bible. See REN-
HALWE, i. e. Hallow, qv.

NERS, in v. to Run.

Hosen in harde weder
Y-hamled by the anele.

She (May) taketh him by the hond, and hard him (Damian) twist.


No thing harmeth more the chirche of God, than that unworthi men be taken to the gouernailis of soulis. Wic. Bible. Prol. 32. How long foolis schulen coueyte tho thingis that ben harmful to hem silf (L. V. nozesum, noria), and unprudent men schulen hate cunnyng.-Id. Prov. i. 22.

HAROW. From Ha-Raoul, Ha-Raow. A call upon or in the name of Rollo-which imposed a duty, those who heard it, to aid the party calling. upon See Du Cange and Cotgrave.


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Hastiliche he shifte hym.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14259. Grevous to me (God wote) is your unrest; Your hast (rashness) and that, the Goddis ordinaunce, It seemeth nat ye take it for the best.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. v. v. 1605. The lasse ye helpe him that ye haste (act rashly), And the more time shul ye waste.

1d. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3751. This axeth haste; and of an hastif thing Men may not preche, and maken tarying.

Id. Milleres Tale, v. 3545. And hastifly they for the provoste sent.

Id. Prioresse Tale, v. 13545. Skelton uses Enhatch, to inlay.

HATCH. Dyce.

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HEAP. And Ezekias askide the prestis and Leuytis, Why the heepils schulden so lyen. (L. V. heepis, acervi.) Wic. 2 Par. xxxi. 9. For purueighance embraseth all thinges to heape (cuncta Ax outher hachet, &c.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1979. pariter complectitur), although they be diuers, and though they be infinite.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv. pr. 6.


Alle that beren

The Office of Constable and Mareshal in Tyme of Warre. Notes and Queries, vol. ii.

HAW. As hoor as an hawethorn.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11154. But now if thou siest hir, seie thou, undur what tree thou siest hem spekynge togidre to hem silf? Which seide, Undur a haw tree. (E. V. sloo tree, sub schino.)

Wic. Dan. xiii. 54.


Now hawks aloft, now skims along the flood, To furnish her loquacious nest with food.

HAWK, v. Also, to soar as the hawk does. (So) the black swallow near the palace plies, O'er empty courts, and under arches flies

Dryden. En. b. xii. v. 693. halewyng.-Id. 2 Mac. xv. 2.

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At Crescy, the archers stood in manner of a herse, about 200 in front, and 40 in depth.-Barnes. (Southey, note.) From his hersed bowmen now the arrows flew, Thick as the sunny flakes, and with lightning force. Southey. Joan of Arc, b. ii. v. 88.


Y may not alone youre nedis susteyn and birthens, and stryues; yue je of tow wise men and herti (L. V. witti, gnaros), and whos conversacioun be preued in 3oure lynagis, and I putte hem to zow princes.- Wic. Deut. i. 13. Therfore herty men hereth me. (L. V. hertid, cordati.) Id. Job xxxiv. 10. Til thi mouth be fillid with leister, and thi lippis with hertli song. (L. V. with joye, jubilo.)—Id. Ib. viii. 21. Bi his doctrine shal be knowen a man; who forsothe is veyn and herteles (excors) shal ben open to despising. Id. Prov. xii. 8.

HEARTH. Put was the herth or chymney (arula) biforn hym ful of colys. He (Judi) kutte it (the book) with a scraping knyf of the Scribe, and thre; it in to the fyr, that was upon the herth, to the tyme that were wasted al the volum with fyr that was in the herth.- Wic. Jer. xxxvi. 22, 23.

HEAT is used by Ben Jonson as a p. p. Hot.

Yet far above, beyond the reach of sight,
Swell after swell, the heathery mountain rose.
Southey., Don Roderick, § xvi.
HEATHEN. Kilian and Grimm sanction the

suggestion of Vossius (that Heathen is from Heath, see in Dictionary). But was not the Latin Ethnici familiar in the West before the preaching of Christianity was extended to the dwellers on the "Heaths;"

or the word "Heathen" known as a distinctive name?
And see Trench On the Study of Words, Lecture 3.
Til it (a child) be christned in Cristes name
And confermed of the Bisshope
It is hethene as to heven-ward.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10539.
Al was hethynesse som tyme
Engelond and Walis,
Til Gregory gart clerkes

To go here and preche.-Id. Ib. 10509.


Jewis, that sueden by nede, seiden, do thou not so fersli and hethenli, (barbare), but gyue thou onour to the dai of

And if he (thy brothir) heerith not hem, seye thou to the chirche. But if he herith not the Chirche; be he as an hethen, and pupplican.- Wic. Matt. xviii. 17. (A. 8. Hæthen, o enxos, ethnicus.)

If thou, sithen thou ert a Jew, lyuest hethenli (gentiliter) and not Jewly, how constreynest thou hethene (gentes) men for to become Jewis.-Id. Gal. ii. 14.

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Underlei the shulder, and ber it, and ne bere thon heuysumli (L.V. be thou not anoied, ne acedieris) in the bondis of it.- Wic. Ecc. vi. 26.

And he turnede azen eftsoone, and foond hem slepynge; for her izen weren heuyed. (E. V. greuyd, gravati.) Id. Mark xiv. 40 He hath swiche hevinesse and swiche wrath to us ward, because of our offence, that he wol enjoynen us swiche a pense as we moun not bere ne susteine. Chaucer. Tale of Melibeus. HECKLE. See HACKLE. Skelton (if not a misprint) writes, Hedel. See Jamieson. To weue in the stoule sume were full preste, With slaiis (sleys), with tauellis, with hedellis drest. Skelton, i. 393. Garlande of Laurell, v. 790.

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