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So gynful of speche.
Thus what thou desir'st
The wrdis of the gederere (congregantis);

Who so thynketh werche with the two
Wic. Job xxx. 1.

Thryveth ful late.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 603.
And what thou fear'st, alike destroyes all hope
Of refuge, and concludes thee miserable

GAUD. See Quotation from Gower in v. Hang, GERE, i. e. Gear, qv.
Beyond all past example and future.
Milton. Par. L. x. 840. infra.

GERFALCON. See GYRE. Wiclif renders the
FYN, s. i. e. Fine.
Not half so gaudied, for their May-day mirth

L. Lat. Herodius (Fr. Heron) the Gerfaweun. Lev.

All wreathed and ribanded, our youths and maids, O soden Wo! that ever art successour

As these stern Aztecas in war attire.

xi. 19, Deut. xvi. 56. See GOSHAUK. To worldly blis; Spreint is with bitternesse Th'ende of the joye of our worldly labour :

Southey. Mauoc, pt, i. $ vii.


Generally, — Relative, pertinent;
Wo occupieth the fyn of our gladnesse.
Chaucer. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4844.

Germaine to the matter.
GAVELKIND. Gavyl, in Wiclif, Deut. xxviii.

I preie thee, German felowe (Germane), helpe thon the 44, is a various reading of lend (fænerure). See ilke wymmen, that traneliden with me in the Gospel. Gabeln, dividere, in Wachter.

Wic. Phil. iv. 3.
GAWKY. See Gowk and AWKWARD.

GESS, i. e. Guess, qv.

GEST, i. e. Guest, qv.

She clothide hir with the clothis of hir jolite, and clothide Forsoth what thingis I wryte to 30u, loo! bifore God for hirself gaze shon to hir feet. (L. V. sandalies, sandalia.)

GEST. GESTOUR. Written Jest, qv. Jestour. I lye not, or gabbe not (mentior).- Wic. Gal. i. 20.

Wic. Judith x. 3, and also xvi. 11. | Chaucer.—Book of Fame, b. iii. Therfore God schal send to hem a worchyog of errores, GEAZON.

Y shal coin to Jhesu of Naue, the whiche berith the that thei bileeue to leesyng or gabbyng, that all be demyd My wifres there were gesene.,

figure of the Lord, not oonli in gestis, but also in name. or dampned the whiche bileueden not to treuthe but con

Piers Plouhman's Visim, v. 8575. (L. V. deedis.)— Wic. Pref. Ep. of St. Jerome, p. 69. sentiden to wickidnesse.--Id. 2 Thess. ii. 10. All spycery was wonderful dere and gayson.

GADDER, i.e. Gather, qv.

Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 519.

With gile thow hem gete,
GALL. To claw on the Gall, Chaucer. To rub

Ageyn alle reson.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12747. And he greithide two onychyn stonus boundun and closid or hit on a sore part.

In the werke forsothe of it (Wisdom) a litil thou shal with gold, and grauen with gemmary craft (L. V. bi crafte travailen, and soone thou shalt ete of the getingus of it. For trewely ther n'is non of us all,

of uorchere in iemmys, arte gemmaria), with the names of (L. V. generaciouns, de generationibus.?. If any wight wol claw us on the gall, the sones of Yrael. - Wic. Er. xxxix. 4.

Wic. Ecclus. vi. 20.
That we n'il kike for that he saith us soth.

There maie no merchaunt live at ese;
Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6522.

GEMEL. Fr. Gemeau, a twin. Gimmal, a bit-
is a bit having two rings or links.

Ne never shall though he hath getten,
GALLEY, s. See the Quotation.

Though he have golde in garners zeten.
Forsothe instondyng the beryng, gemels apereden in the

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 5705. As to the inside, (of a house in China,) all the walls, inwombe. (L. V. twei children, Gemini.)

GHOST. stead of wainscot, were lined with hardened and painted

Wić. Gen. xxxviii. 27. tiles, like the little square tiles we call galley-tiles in Eng

And God at his grete joy,

Thi two tetus as two junge capretis, iemews of the she land, all made of the finest china, and the figures exceeding

Goostliche he left capret.-Id. Song of Solomon, vii. 4. fine, indeed, with extraordinary variety of colours mixed

And cam and took mankynde, with gold.- Defoe. Robinson Crusoe.

To avoid the tedious repetition of these words—" is equal And becam nedy.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14005. to "-I will set, as I do often in work use a pair of parallels,

Let the laws be never so severe, if they have not free GALLIARD.

gemoue lines of one length, thus because no two things liberty to walk at large, they are soon ghostless (spiritless). Thanne greved hym a Goliardeis, can be more equal.-R. Record. Whetstone of Wit, 1557.

N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, pt. ii. c. 33, p. 257.
A gloton of wordes.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 277. GENDER.
He was a janglere and a Goliardeis.
And it shal be, whan eny man shal prophesie ouere, his

Chaucer. Prol. v. 562.

fader and moder that gendriden hym, shulu saye to hyin, He (the Sophie of Persia) reasoned with mee much of And now within

thou shalt not lyue, for thou hast spoken lesyng in the religion, demaunding whether I were a gouer, that is to An oaken galilee, now black with age,

name of the Lord; and his fadir, and modir, gendrers of say, an unbeleeuer.-Hackluyt, i. M. A. Jenkinson. His old Iberian ancestors were laid.

hym (genitores), shuln to gidre ficche hym (configent) whan
Southey. Don Roderick, 6 xxiv.
he hath prophecied.— Wic. Zech. xiii. 3.

GIB. Sail and cut of. See JIB.
GALP (Yelp). See GUTTLE, Piers Plouhman,

The seneues of his stones of gendrure ben foldid togidere (testiculorum).-Id. Job xl. 13.

GIBBET. infra.


Whanne man doith a synne, which is worthi to be GALWES. See GALLOWS.

And he (Phynees) stikide thurz both togidre the man,

punyschid bi deeth, and he is demed to deeth, and is hangid

in a jebat (E. V. gebat, in patibulo), his careyn schal not GANE. (Skelton.) See Yawn.

that is, and the womman, in the genytale places (L. V. dwelle in the tre, but it schal be biried in the same dai. of gendryng, locis genitalibus).- Wic. Num. xxv. 8.

Wic. Deut. xxi. 22. GANG, o. GENET.

GIBBOUS. Symonye and Cyvylle

When Syr John Ferrand saw the geneture, he said to a His gibbous shoulders o'er his breast sholde on hire feet gange. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1219.

squyer of his, Galop forth thy genct, and assay to spede with Contracted, pinched it.-Cowper. Thiad, b. ü. v. 261.
yonder geneture.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 179.

GIG. See JiG.

GARR, v. The Quotation explains the sense. GENIUS.

That gigantive (gigantea) state of minde, which possessed This is the only instance that I have met with. But it be thei of evill life

the troublers of the world (such as was Lucius Sulla, and For this thing if I shal come, I shal moneste his werkes,

Whom Genius cursed man and wife

others), aspires to active, particulare good, at least in apwhiche he doith, garring or chidinge in to us (garriens in That wrongly werke again Nature;

pearance, altho' it doth most of all recede from the good of nos).- Wic. 3 John, 10. None soche I love.-Chuucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4771. societie.

Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. vii. c. 2. GARRET. Used by Piers Plouhman as by Ber- GENT. Chaucer, for rhyme sake, writes Gende. ners and G. Douglas. See in Dictionary. A lodge This herber was all full of floures gende (gent).

GILD. Fairefax writes, Gild-en. (for a sentinel) built on high. A watch-tower.

Chaucer. Com. of Black King, v. 127.
With gaie garetes and grete.
For he that wol han pris of his genterie,

Led Baldwin, clad in gilden arms of price.
Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 425.
For he was boren of a gentil hous,

Fairefaz. 'Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. i. st. 40; also, iii.
And had his elders noble and vertuous-

62, xii. 48, guilden, xvii, 13. And n'ill himselven do no gentil dedes, Counfoundid ben the wise men, fast (maad aferd, per- Ne folwe his gentil auncestrie that ded is,

GILE, i. e. Gill, qv. territi) and cazt thei ben.- Wic. Jer. viii. 9.

He n'is not gentil, be he duk or erl;

And the Aungel seide to hym, Take thou his gile ether Whan these thingis ben seide, thei schulen adde othere For vilains sinful dedes make a cherl.

iowe (E. V. fin, branchiam), and drawe hym to thee. thingis, and schulen speke to the peple, Who is a ferdful

Id. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6734.


Tobit vi. 4. man, and of gastful herte? (E. V. feerd, pavido.)

Princes and peers reduced to plain gentlemanship, and GIN, i, e. Begin.

Id. Deut. xx. 8. gentles reduced to a level with their own lackeys, are exForsothe goure gastines (L. V. feerdfulness, terror) is cesses of which they will repent hereafter.

And after dinner gonnen theye to dance. fuln into us, and alle the dwellers of the loond ben abasshid.

Cowper to Lady Hesketh, July 7, 1790.

Chaucer. Freres Tale, v. 11230. Id. Josh. ii. 9. and Job vi. 8. GENTILE.

GIN. See INGINE. Amideo. He looks so ghastfully,

These xii sent Jesus forth after he had geuen to them Would I were past him.-Dryden. Rival Ladies, iv. 3. commaundement, saying: Go not to the wayes that lead to

GINGERLY. the Gentyls, and into the cities of the Samaritanes enter GAT. GATE. See GET.

But the Master-misses of the present age go, lack-a-day, ye not.-Bib. 1549. Mat. x.

so gingerly about it, as if they were afraid to fill their GATE. GEOLOGY. From yn, the earth, and loyos, a mouths with the paint upon their mistress's cheeks.

Foote. The Knights, A. i. To zork the gate he took, and souht Saynt William. discourse. A discourse on, the knowledge of, the

Robert of Brunne, p. 304. earth; its structure and component parts, their na- GINNING, s. See KIND, Piers Ploubman. GATE, v. Yate. ture and mutations.

GIRD. I gan forth romen, till I fonde

GEOMETRY. The castell yate on my right honde,

Whi corsith this dogge, that schal die, my lord, the Whiche all so well ycorven was

Ac Astronomye is an hard thynge

Kyng? Y schal go and I schal girde of his heed (ampico That nerer soche an other was.

And yvel for to knowe;

tabo).- Wic. 2 Kings xvi. 19. Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. v. 204. Geometry and Geomesie

And (Dauid) stood upon the Philistee, and took his

So many


GOU swerde, and drew; it out of his sheeth; and he slewy hym, Till from the glitterance of the sunny main

cause he knows that, as a go-between, he shall find his and girde off his heed. (L. V. kittide awei, præscidit.) He turn’d his aching eyes.-Southey. Thalaba, b. xii. st.2. account in being in the good graces of a man of wealth. Id. i Kings xvii. 51.

Addison. Tatler, No. 225.
But in the field through girt with many a wound.

Lidgate. Thebes. Therfore to hym silf he hath madd thee to come ny},
and alle thi bretheren the sones of Leay, that to jow also

He that holdith the plow, and he that hath glorie in the GIST, s. or Gır. Fr. Giste, frum sir, to lie. preesthod ze chalengen, and al thi glubbe stoond ajens the gohode (E. V. spere, aculo), dryneth oxis with a pricke.

Wic. Ecclus. xxxviii. 26. Giste d'un lièvre: the form of a hare. Met. that Lord ? (L. V. gaderyng, globus.)- Wie. Num. xvi. II.

GOBET. on which a case, an argument, rests. (A common

Thanne the wayte, that stode upon the toure of Jezrael, see the glub of Hieu commynge, seith, I see a glub. (L.V.

Also he comaundide the tunge of unpitous Nychanore term in law.) See AGIST. multitude.)-Id. 4 Kings ix. 17.

kitt off to be gouen to briddis gobetmete particulatim).

Wic. 2 Macc. xv. 33. GITE. GLOMERATE, v.

GOD. He don'd a gite in deepest purple dede.

There is a setret glome or bottom of our days; 'twas his After all the struggles of a reluctant philosophy, the Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xiii. st. 54. wisdom to determine them; but his (God's) perpetual and necessary resort is to a Deity. The marks of design are GITERN.

waking providence that fuláls and accomplisheth them. too strong to be got over. Design must have had a designer. And Dauid seide to the princes of dekenes, that thei

Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ 43. That designer must have been a person. That person is schulden ordeyne of her brítheren syngeris in orguns of GLORY. Glorious, as the Lat. Gloriosus. Boast

God.-Paley. Natural Theology, c. xxiii. musikis, that is in giternes (E. V. sautrees, nablis), and

ing; harpis, and symbalis.- Wic. 1 Par. xv. 16.

GOETY, s. Gr. yontela, witchcraft. Fr. Goetie. ; proclaiming our own praises.

And Mychol, the douster of Saul, goon out into afen
Harp and gittern (cithara et lyra) (ben) in foure festes.

Id. Is. v. 12. comyng, seith, How glorious (gloriosus) was the Kyng of Porphyry and some others did distinguish these two sorts GIVE.

Yrael to dai, discoueryng hym self before hoond wymmen (of Magic) so as to condemn the grosser, which they called of his seruauntis.- Wuc. 2 Kings vi. 20.

Magic, or Goety.-Halywell. Metampronæa (1682), p. 54. And also he bi-gileth the gyvere.

But I grow glorious.-Beaumont and Fletcher. Thierry
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4611.

and Theodoret, act ii. sc. 1.

GOLD-HEWEN, i. e. hued, coloured. Some things which pass the fire are softest at first, and

Chaucer, The Knightes Tale, v. 2502. by time grow hard, as the crumb of bread; soine are harder GLOSE.

Goldsmithry. See the Quotation from Chaucer in when they come from the fire, and afterwards give again, Thei seiden to the wijf of Sampson, Glose thin hosebonde. as the crust of bread, &c.-Bacon. Nat. Hist. 295.

v. Devise, supra. (E.V. faage, v. Fadge, supra, blandire.) Tim. What, dost thou weepe?

Wic. Judg. xiv. 15.

Forsothe it byfelle, by eche citee of men of Jerusalem, Come neerer, then. I loue thee And (he) sustenende hir with his armys, to the tyme she

for to be seen fourty days horsmen rennyng about by the Because thou art & woman, and diselain'st turneden ageen to hirself, with these woordis gloside.

eyre (per aera) hauynge golden stoolis, and schaftis, as cumFlinty mankinde, whose eyes do never giue (L. V. spak faire, blandiebatur.)-Id. Esther xv. il.

panyes of kniztis armed - Wic. 2 Mac, v. 2. But thorough lust and laughter.

For whi as dreed-(see Bugge) in placis where cucummeShakespeare. Timon of Athens, act iv. sc. 3. GLUE.

ris, that ben bitter herbis, waxen, kepith no thing; so ben Their language (the French), as I found upon the first The wodi valei forsothe had manye pittis of gluwy cley. the treenen Goddis, and sylveren, and goldid o, hein. (L.V. giving of the weather, fell asunder and dissolved. (L. V. pitche, var. r. ethir strong głu, bituminis.)

of gold, inaurati.)-Id. Baruch, vi. 69. Addison. Tatler, No. 154.

Wic. Gen. xiv. 10. And he translatide al Jerusalem, and alle the princis, GLAD. Gladly, in Persones Tale and Thisbe, cley. (L. V. bawmed it with' tar, linivit eam bitumine. He tok a jonket of resshen, and glewide it with glewishe and alle the stronge men of the cost in to caitiftee, and

eche crafti man, and goldsmyzt. (E.V. enclosere, clusorem.) Mr. Tyrwhitt thinks may mean, commonly.

Id. Er. ii. 3.

Id. 4 Kings xxiv. 14; also v. 16. For lo! I shape Jerusalem ful out glading (erultationem),

The gold-less age, where gold disturbs no dreams.

GLUGGIS, s. Clogs; closs or hemps. and his puple loze. And I shal ful out zladen (ezultabo)

Byron. The Island. in Jerusalem, and iofen in my paple.- Wic. Is. Ixv. 19. Place of a safyr is stones, and the gluggis of hym gold. GOLET, Chaucer, i.e. Gullet. Thou ažen came to the

gladere (hym that is glad, lætanti) (L. V. clottis, gleba.)- Wic. Job xxviii. 6. aad to the doende rizt wisnesse.-ldIb. Ixiv. 5.

GOMME, i. e. Gum, qv.
And Philistien dredden, seiynge, God is comen into the

GONG. This oure sone is ouerthewert, and rebel; he dispisith tentis: and inwardly thei weiliden, seiynge, Woo to us! forsothe ther was not so mych gladynge zisterday, ne before to heere our monestyngis, ethir heestis, he gyueth tent to And (Hieu) castide out of the Temple of Baal his ymage

and brent it, and drof it al to dust'; and distroied the hous of zisterday. (L.V. ful wyng, eruitatio.)Id. i Kings iv. 8. glotonyes. (E. V. glotryes, comessationibus.

Wic. Deut. xxi. 20. That he make gladsum (L. V. make glad, exhilararet)

Baal, and made gongis for it.

Wic. Prol. p. 17. In 4 Kings x. 27, priuys, latrinas. Who kepith the lawe a wis sone is, who forsothe glotones the face in oile.-Id. Ps. ciii. 15.

fedith, schendith his fader.-Id. Prov. xxvii. 7. Let us now touche the vice of flaterie, which ne cometh

GONNE, i. e. Gan, qv. And see Gin. not gladly, but for drede, or for covetise.

GNARE, i. e. Snare.
Chaucer. Persones Tale.

GOOD. To shoot at goodness, Chaucer, infra, i.e.
Thou art gnarid by the wordis of thi mouth (L. V.
And this was gladly in the eventide,
boundun, illaqueatus es), and taken with thi proper wordis.

at advantage. Tyrwhitt. Good-bye, i. e. Good, or Or wonder erly, lest men it espide.-Id. Thisbe, v. 770.

Wic. Prov. vi. 2, et aliter. rather-God be with you. Similar to the Fr. GLARE.

Thou hast delyuered my body fro perdicioun, fro the To whom he (Joseph) goodliche, come ner, he seide, to A lion now he stalkes with fierie glare.

gnare of a wicke tunge, and fro the lippes of men werkende me. (L. V. mekeli, clementer.)- Wic. Deut. xlv. 4.

lesyng. (L.V. snare, laqueo.)Id. Ecclus. li. 3, et aliter. Milton. Par. L. b. iv, v. 402.

So euery good tree makith good fruytis : sothely an yuel GNARR, v.

tree makith yuel fruytis. A good tree may not make yuel GLASS, o. Also, to view as in a glass or mirror. That he may glasse therin his garments light.

The gnarring porter (Charon) durst not whine for doubt fruytis, nether an yvel tree make good fruytes. (In Lewis's (i. e. fear),

edition, gode fruytis.) Fairefaz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xiv. st. 77.

Id. Bible. Mat. vii. 17 (both versions good). Still were the furies.

Right as an hunter can abide

Fairefaz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. iv. st. 8.

The beste till he seeth his tide
GLEDE. A. S. Gled-a, perhaps from Glid-an,

To shote, at godenesse, to the dere,

Gnastyng (L. V. fresting, hinnitus) therof is herd fro Whan that him nedeth go no nere. to glide. A bird, so called from its motion. Dan.- Wic. Jer, viii. 16.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1453. And the glede and the kite.- Wic. Deut. xis 13.

Loke thou do not spare

Like unto ravenous gledes and kites.-Hol. Anm. p. 7.
Maugre Age, although that he frete or gnaste.

God is muche in the gorge
Chaucer. Remedie of Love, v. 123.

Of thise grete maistres,
GLENT or GLINT, 0. To slip. See GLANCE.
GNAST, i. e. Snast.

Ac amonges meene men,

His mercy and his werkes. GLENT, s. and adj. A slip; slippery. Dyce. As deuoureth the tunge of fyr, stobil, and the hete of

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5736. But for all that he is like to have a glent.

flaumme brenneth out, so the root of hem as a gnast shal GOSHAWK.

be. (L. V. deed sparcle, favilla.) Skelton. Magnyfycence, v. 1687.

The fether of a struccioun (ostrich) is lic the fether of

Wic. Is. v. 24; also, i. 31, xxix. 5. Go softly, she said, the stones be full glint.

a ierfakoun, and of a goshauk. (L. V. hauk, accipitris.) GNAW. I. Garland of Love, v. 572.

Wic. Job xxxix. 13. GLIDE. And thurz nede and hunger (thei weren) barein; that

And we glode fast o'er a pellucid plain

gnouen (L. V. gnawiden, rodebant) in wildernesse, waxende
foul with wrecchidnesse and sorewe.- Wic. Job xxx. 3.

The first schal seie to Sion, Lo, Y am present, and Y Of waters, azure with the noon-tide day.

schal gyue a Gospellere (L. V. evangelist, evangelistam), to Shelley. The Revolt of Islam, C. i. GNIDING, s. A. S. Gnid-an, fucare, to rub. A Jerusalem.- Wic Is. xli. 2. GLISTEN, . rubbing

GOSSIP. The sunne and moone stoden in her dwellyng place, and There maist thou seein the list of thin arewis thei schulen go, in the schynyng Nailing the speres and helmes bokeling,

A woman may in no lesse sinne assemble with hire godof thi spere glisnyng. (E. V smylynge, fulgurantis.). Gniding of sheldes.

sib, than with hire own fleshly broder. Wic. Habac. íii. 11.

Chaucer. The Persones Tale.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2506.

GOST. See Ghost.
So perischen alle thin eneymyes, thou Lord: forsooth (Mede) graunteth to goon

thoo that louen thee, as the sunne in his rysynge shyneth With a good wille
(splendet), so glitteren thei. (L. V. schyne, rutilent.)

I am glad you enter into the spirit of Strawberry Castle:
To London.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1192.
Wic. Judg. v. 31.

it has a purity and propriety of Gothicism (with very few His wiif walked hym with,

exceptions) that I have not seen elsewhere. His court with glitterant pearl was all inwall’d. With a long gode.--Id. Creed, v. 862.

Gray to Dr. Wharton, September 18, 1754. G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph over Death. Lerneth to suffren, or, so mote I gon,

GOURD. Bearing a sword whose glitterance and keen edge,

Ye shul it lerne, whether ye wol or non. E'en as I view'd it with the flood between,

Gourdis (cucumerari) and melouns, and lekis, and

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11089. Appall'd me.

oyniouns, and garlekis comen into mynde to us; our soule

The packer allows the clothier to say what he pleases; is drie.- Wic. Num. xi. 5. Cary. Dante. Purgatorio, xxix. 136; Paradiso, xiv. 101.

and the broker has his countenance ready to laugh with It (a boat) rose and fell upon the surge,

the merchant, though the abuse is to fall on himself, be- GOUT. Gouts or Gowts, in Somersetshire, are


P. 233.

and grete.


GUI canals or pipes under ground, to carry off by drops.

For alle are a-liche longe,

fulli (L. V. hidousli, horrendè) and with ful mycle wndring Noon lasse than oother,

disturbid.-Id. lb. xvii. 3. See SKIN.

And of o (one) greetnesse.

And whanne the sunne was goon down, feer felle upon GOZZARD. See Goose.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10918.

Abram, and greet grisynes (L. V. hidousnesse, horror) And of this thing I touch not but the grete,

and derk assaileden hym.-ld. Gen. xv. 12. GRACE. A title of honour of dukes, archbishops, I cannot nowe wel countrefete.

By his gretnesse and grysynges (L.V. dredis, terroribus)

Chaucer. Lucrece, v. 1693. and formerly of monarchs. See MAJESTY, infra.

he caste our nacyouns fro his face, the whiche he badde Thou sente Joram to Kyng Dauid that he salute hymn,

Her wordes; but this was the grete

delyuerd fro Egipt.-Id. i Par. xvii. 21. thankynge to gidre (congratulans), and he doo gracis (L.V. Of her answere.—ld. The Boke of the Duchesse, v. 1243.

This Duke of Ireland was so great with the Kynge that
thankyngis, gratias ageret) for thi that he hath ouercomen
Adadezer.- Wic. 2 Kings viii. 10.
he ruled him as he lyste.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 281. He bad his priestes pece and grith,

And bad hem not drede for to die.
That is greater, which contains another (or which is
Ioze and gladnesse shal be founde in it, gracedoing (L.V.

Chaucer. Plowmans Tale, v. 2187. equal to another), and something besides : That lesser, doyng of thankys, gratiarum activ) and vois of preising: ID, Is. li. 3. which is so contained in another (or in that which is equal

GROAN. So full of sorowe am I, sothe to sayne, to another), that something is still remaining.

And shal be as of a deuel clepere thi vois, and fro the That certainly no more harde grace

Barrow. Math. Lecture, xiii. loewe ertbe shal groyne thi speche. (L. V. grutch, musMay sit on me, for why? there is no space. These things greaten them in their own fancy, and they sitalt.)

- Wic. Is. xxix. 4. Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, i. 713. imagine they likewise greaten them in the eyes of others. When wodis shuln failen, the fyr shal ben queynt; and

Turnbull. Justin. Discourse, p. 13, 1746. GRADE. GRADIENT, &. Common on railways,

the groynere withdrawen, striues togidere resten. (L. 1. GREDE, v.

priuy backbiter, susurrone.)-Id. Prov. xxvi. 20. to denote a proportional ascent or descent. And, for that, Ocy, Ocy, I grede.


Chaucer. Cuckow and Nightingale, v. 135.
GREE, v.

When these letters were wryten, and grossed up in French (I was) the coventyes gardyner

and in Latin.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 136.

For to graffen impes.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 27116. gree yit, hath he geten.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12270.

I will speake grossely (araçuxvoy) because of the infirmity GRAIN.

of youre fleshe. —Bib. 1549. Rom. vi.

This braunche of holynesse Nethir in thi vyner thou schalt gadere reysyns and Withouten helpe went up gree by gree.

GROUND. greynes falling down (L.V. cornes,grama), but thou schalt

Lyfe of our Ladye, a. 3, c. 2.

And so thanne thilke zazabazar cam, and sette the leue to be gaderid of pore men and pilgryms.

For al his grete wound, the Kynge of Aragon toke the groundis (L. V. foundementis, fundamenta) of the temple Wic. Lev. xix. 10.

excusations in gre.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 207. of God in Jerusalem.- Wic. 1 Esd, v. 16. How oft, when purple evening tinged the west,

And his rizt hond takun, he lifte hym up, and anoon the GREED, v. We watched the emmet to her grainy nest.

groundis (bases) and plauntis, or solis or hym (the lame Rogers. Pleasures of Memory, p. 1. And thanne

Gloton greete,

man) ben saddid to gidere; and he lipping stood, and And gret doel to make.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3245. GRAITH, or GREITH, is the usual rendering of

wandride. (Mar. note, Groundis, that is, thies and leggis

on whiche the birthen of the bodirestith.)-Id. Deeds iii. 7.

GREEN, adj. And further, tender, young, met. the Lat. parare, præparure in Wic. Bible, E. V. Love is the graithe gate childishly young.

GROW. Applied to any change of size, state, That goth into hevene.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 871. For she whitnesse had of Honestee,

or condition. To become greater or less.
He in goodnesse of gost
And grene of conscience, and of gode fame

If I do grow great, I'll grow less.
Graythliche hem warned
The swote savour, Lilie was hire name.

Shakespeare. Henry IV, Pt. I. act v. sc. 4. To wayven hir wikkednesse

Chaucer. Seconde Nonnes Tale, v. 15558. GRUB.
And werkes of synne.-ld. Crede, v. 1054.

O good Lady (quod I than) se now how seven yere His bed shal ben graythed.-1d. 16. v. 1460.

passed and more haue I graffed and groubed & vine with al

And when I thinke upon the kisse The sixthe day forsothe greithe thei (L. V, make redi,

the waies that I coude, I sought to a fede me of the grape parent) that thei bryngen yn, and dowble be there that And how much joie, and how much blisse

but fruite haue I non founde.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b.i.

I hadde through the savour swete, thei weren wont to gedere bi eche daies.-- Wic. Ex. xvi. 5.

For want of it I

And there is putte to hem grete greithinge of meet (LV,

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4116. makyng redi, præparatio), and thei eten and drunken.

I haue herd forsothe foure grucchyng (murmur). What
Id. 4 Kings vi. 23.
And she with humble herte and glad visage,

forsoth ben we, that ze grucchen (mussitastis) ajens os? Not with no swollen thought in hire corage,

Wre. Er, xvi. 7. GRAND. Came at his hest, and on hire knees hire sette,

His hed he shal mone, and flappe for ioye with the hond : And gyue he to thee blissyngis of Abraham, and to thi

And reverently and wisely she him grette. seed aftir thee, that thow haue the loond of thi pilgrimage,

Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8828.

and many thingus grucchendeli whistrende. (L. V. speke the whiche he hath bihoot to thi graunsire. (L. Vgrauntsir,

priuyli, multa susurrans.)-Id. Ecclus. xii. 19.

And in his waie of Tyre he mette, aro.)- Wic. Gen. xxviii. 4. A man, whiche on his knees him grette.

GRY, S. GRAPPLE. Berners writes Graped.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 1771. A gry is the one-tenth of a line, a line one-tenth of an

inch, an inch, &c.

They had graped their ships together with hokes of yron.
Berners' Froissart, v. i. p. 435.

Locke. Human Understanding, b. iv. c. 10, 10, n.
Forsothe the honde of the Lord is greggide upon the A30-

this (L. V. maad greuouse, aggravata est), and he waastid GRY, adj. See Tooke, 8vo. p. 554, note, in v. And thou shalt graasp in mydday; as is woned a blynd hem. — Wic. 1 Kings v. 6.

Grim. man to graasp in derknissis. (L. V. grope, palpure; so

GREITHE. also Job v. 14, xii. 25.)- Wic. Deut. xxviii. 29.

The hearing this doth force the tyrant gry (i. e. grim). See GRAITH.

Godfrey of Bulloigne. By R. C. p. 61, c. 2, s. 23. We all know she (Queen Elizabeth) never was a greedy GREVES. See GROVE.

GUARISH. grasper, nor straight-handed keeper. Ellesmere. Speech in Campbell's Life. GRIDIRON.

And anoone as he had seen it and worshiped it (the

ymage of Jhesu), he was all guarished and hoole. And thou schalt make a brasun gridele (E. V. gredyrne, GRATIOSITY. See GRACE.

The Golden Legend, fo. 17, c. 4. craticulan), in the maner of a net.- Wic. Ex. xxvii. 4. GRAVE, v.

GUBERNANCE. See Quotation from Chaucer GRIEF. Where he were a parisshen

in v. Clamour, supra. Right there he sholde be grauen.

Sothli whanne he spak thes thingis to hem, Pharisees
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6709. and wise men of lawe bigunnen greuousli (graviter) to ažen-

Thei spille hore blode, as watir in theumgong (qv.) (in cir- stonden.- Wic. Luke xi. 53.

And than up (upon) gesee I shryve me. cuitu) of Jerusalem : and none was for to grave (sepelire).

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3316.
GRIN, v.
Wic. Ed. Pref. p. 4. Ps. lxxviii. 3.

And so in birds, in dreains, and all viary oinens, they
And manye of hem shul offenden and fallen, and ben to-

are only the ghessire interpretations of dim-eyd man, full GRAVE. See Pay, infra.

brosid, and grened (L.V. boundun, irretientur), and ben of doubt, full of deceit.-Feltham. Resolves, 36, pt. I. They (the Cochin Chinese) discovered us all hard at work, takun.- Wic. s. vii. 15. on the outside of the ship's bottom and side, washing and And the platis of seluer cast aweij in the temple, he

GUEST. graviny, and stopping, as every seaman knows how. wente awey, and goyinge awey, he hangid hymn with a For the hope of the unpitous is as smoke that of the wind

Defoe. Robinson Crusoe.

grane or a gnare. (L.V. snare, laqueo.)Id. Mat. xxvii. 5. is held abrod, and as the mind (memoria) of a geste (hospitis) Our carpenter being prepared to grave the outside of the

of o dai passende biside. (L. V. herberid man.) GRIND.


Wisd, v. 15. ship.-ld." 16.

And idel shuln ben the wymmen grindende in a litil I have too gistes within, that this same nyght GRAVEL.

noumbre, and seende bi holes shul waxe derc: and closen Soped in the halle.-Chaucer. Par. and Tap. v. 550. As a graveli steezing up in the feet of an old man, so & the dores in the stretes in the vois of hir grindende. (L.V.

No wonder is though that she (Grisildis) be astoned tungy womman to a quyete man. (L. V. a stiyngeful of grindere, molantis.)– Wic. Eccles. xii. 3.

To see so gret a gest come in that place; grauel, arenosces ascensus.) - Wic. Ecc. xxv. 27.

And the puple wenten abowt, gederynge it (manna), and She never was to non swiche gestes woned;

breke in a gryndstoon (L. V. a queerne stoon, mola) or For which she loked with ful palè face.
powned in a morter.-Id. Num. xi. 8.

Id. "The Clerkes Tale, v. 8214. GREASE. Chaucer. See in v. Farthing.

GRISE, 0. GRISFUL, adj. GRISEFULLY. GRISE- GUIDE, 0. Written Gye, gie, by our older writers, And he pizte into his wombe so strongly that the pomel NESS. See AGRISE.

and not uncommon in Fairefax. folwide the yren in the wounde, and that with most fat grees it was streyned. (L.V. thickest fatnesse, pinguissimo adipe.) Forsothe tho olde dwelleris of thin holi lond, the whiche Gyle was for-goer,

Wic. Judg. iii. 22. thou grisedist (L. V. ulatidist, i.e. loathedest, erhorruisti); And gyed hem alle.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1257.

for hateful werkis thei diden to thee.- Wic. Wis. xii. 3. In his owen grese I made him frie,

Grace-Gyour of all clerkes.- Id. v. 13814.
For anger, and for veray jalousie.
Unknowen bestes. or bringende forth smel of smoke,

The King awak'd, and saw before his eies Chaucer. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6069. or puttende out grisful sperkes fro ezen. (L. V. hidouse, A man whose presence seemed graue and old, horrendas.) Id. 16. xi. 19.

A writhen staffe his steps unstable guies, GREAT, s. In Piers Plouhman is Size.


And whil thei wenen them to lurken in derk synnes, bi Which seru'd his feeble members to vpbold. Grete in Chaucer, the sum, the substance. the derc veil of forzeting, thei ben scatered, dredende gris

Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. X. st. 9. 48




Go beneath his guidage.Southey. Madoc, pt. ü. 6 20. And Eleasar, sone of Saura, seej oon of the beestus hau- HAN, i. e. baven. See HAVE.

beriowned with hauberions of the Kyng (loricatam loricis), GUILE. Dryden renders Reus voti, guilty of my and it was heez stondynge ouere other beestis.

HANCE. vow; i. e. his prayer being granted, he was

Wic. 1 Mac. vi. 43.

The fornycacioun of a womman (is) in hauncing out of demned to pay it,” to use his own expression. Æn.


ejen (L. V. Teisyng, extollentia); and in the eželidis of hir ix. 270.

The sones of Israel eeten manna fourti yeer, til thei she shal be knowen.- Wic. Ecclus. xxvi. 12.

samen in to the lond abitable.- Wic. Er. xvi. 35. Tarne awei fro gilte, and dresse thou the hondis, and fro

HAND. Hand-reaching, Heb. x. 25, New Testaalle gilte (L. V. synne, a delicto) clense thi herte.

HACKBUTTEER. See Quotation from Scott in ment, 1528, called Coverdale’s. Gadering together. Wic. Ecclus. xxxviii. 10. v. Bandelier (Band).

Wiclif. Collectio. Vulgate. Who gilteth in his sist that made him shal falle in to the hondis of the leche (delinquit).-Id. Io. v. 15.


Handy dandy. Florio explains the It. Bazzicchiare, A! the worste presumpcioun, wherof art thou maad to (If) in the hewynge of the trees the axe fleeth the

- To shake between two hands, to play handy dandy. hile drie malice and the gilefulnesse therof?. (L. V. hoond, and the yren slipt of fro the haft (L. V. helue, ma. Thanne wowede (wooed) Wrong treccherie, dolositate. To hile the drie (the earth) with, nubrio), sinytith his freend, and sleeth; this to oon of the

Wisdom ful yerne, &c.)-H. Ib. xxxvii. 3.

foresaid citees shal fleez and lyue.- Wic. Deut. xix. 5. To maken pees with his pens Thi brothir com gilyngliche (L. V: prudentli, frauduHAGG.

Handy dandy payed.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2232. Lenter), and took thi blissing.-Id. Gen. xxvii. 35.

Let fall some of the handfuls of purpose for her (Roth). He was betel browed To a fole gilesum (Ļ. V. fals, ad fallacem) I shall sende

Ruth ii. 16. hym (Assur).-II. Is. x. 6.

With two blered eighen,

Bring in handfuls, lilies bring,
Such false apostlis beu trecherous, or gylous (subdolt)
As a blynd hagge. -Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2854.

Bring me all the flow'ry spring.
Forkinen, transfiguringe hem into Apostlis.

Lloyd. Tears of Parnassus.
Id. 2 Cor. xi. 13.
I teach my haggard and unreclaimed reason to stoop

HAND-SOME. Ready for the hand.
Swete and rizt the Lord : for that lawe he shal zine to anto the lure of faith.

Whatsoever came next to their hands, and lay handsome the gilteris in the weie. (L.V. men trespassinge, delin

Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ x. to them, they rifled.-Holland Livius, p. 571. quentibus.)-Id. Ps. xxiv. 8; also lxxiv. 5.

Flor. But as th' unthought-on accident is guiltie

To whom Jacob answerde; Thon knowist that Esan my
To what we wildely do, so we professe
Ourselues to be the slaues of chance, and flyes
brother is an heeri man (E. V. ful of heer, pilosus), and I

And whanne he hadde cast forth the siluer in the temam smethe.- Wic. Gen. xxvii. 11.

ple, he passide forth, and fede, and hongide himself (E.V. Of every winde that blowes. Shakespeare. Winter's Tale, act iv. sc. 3. And thow schalt make elleuen heeren sarges (saga sili- hangide, suspendit laqueo) with a snare.

Wic. Mat. xxvii. 6. Gods of the liquid realms, on which I row,

cina), to couer the roof of the tabernacle.

Id. Er. Xxvi. 7.

The Pardoner had here as yelwe as waxe,
If giv'n by you, the laurel bind my brow,
Assist to make me guilty of my vow (reus voti).
A bende of gold and silke full freshe and gaie

Ful smoth it heng, as doth a strike of flax.
Dryden. Æneid, b. v. v. 307.
With her in tresse ybroudered full wele,

Chaucer. Prologue, v. 678.
Right smothly kept, and shinyng every dele.

A pair of bedes blacke as sable GUILER, Chaucer, i. e. Aguiler. See AIGLET.

Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 811. She toke and hynge my necke about;

Upon the gaudees all without,
HALDEN, i. e. Holden. See HOLD.

Was writte of golde pur reposer.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. Fine Vitaile

That we under our clothes wide

Ymaken thro our golet glide.
Her takill redie tho thei maden,

Whether ye knowen not your silf, for Crist Iesu is in fou!
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7048.
And haleth sayle, and forth thei fare.

but in happe (forte) ze ben reprevable. GULP.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. 7, fo. 176.

Wic. 2 Cor. xiii. 5. And myghty tyrauntes from her ryal see And that bote (without) gulpynge and boste.

Your hede was wont to be happed.--Skelton, i. 291. Dyce. Robert of Gloucester, v. 209.

He hath ahalyd and y put a doun.

Lyfe of our Ladye, d. 6. c. 1. HARAS. Fr. Haras. A race; horses, &c. kept Gloton had y-glubbed (gulped)

HALF. A galon and a gille.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3165.

only for breed. Cotgrave. And thus a stud. Glotonye is her God

Thou forsothe, God, shalt bringe them doon in to the pit Of harlottes to vse such an harres.--Skelton, i. 128.

of deth. Men of blodis, and treccherous shal not haluen With gloppynge of drynk.-Id. Crede, v. 185. ther dazes. (L. V. haue half, dimidiabunt.)

HARBINGER. To harbenge, v GUM.

Wic. Ps. liv. 24. The Innes of Sergeants, fro the renerence and eminence

HALLOW. He kon the of hir craft (i. e. spicer's),

of the personages therein harbinged, I will giue the prioBisshopes

ritie.-Stowe, And knew manye gommes.

Chronicle. Unwersities, ch. X.
Piers puhman's Vision, v. 1335.
To halwe mennes auteres.


Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10700.
For to speken of gomme, herb, or tre-
Comparison may none imaked be.
Thow shalt anoynt it (the auter) into the haluyng (in wel, and al the chirche. — Wic. Rom. xvi. 23.

Grayus, my herborgere (L. V. oost, hospes), greetith you
Chaucer. Leg. of Good Women, Prol. v. 121. sanctificationem): seuen duies thow shalt clense the auter
and halowe, and it shal be holy of halouis (sanctum sanc-

And he ladde hym into the hows of herbrrgrye (L. V. GUTTER.

torum); eche that towchith shal be halowid (sanctifica- ynne, hospitium), and unsadelynge, dischargide the camelis. And the goteris (L. V. windowes, cataractæ) of heuene bitur). -- Wic. Ex. xxix. 36.

Id. Gen. xxiv. 32. ben openyd, and reyn is maad upon the erthe fourti daies And hethene men schulen wite, that I am the Lord,

A shrewde lijf (vita nequam) of herberewing (hospitandi) and fourti nyztis.- Wic. Gen. ix. Il ; also viii. 2. Halewere (sanctificator) of Israel, whanne myn halewyng fro hous in to hous: and wher he shal ben herberewid, he schal be in the myddis of hem with outen end.

shal not feithfulli don, ne openen the mouth. GUTTLE, v.

Id. Ez. Xxxvii. 28.

Id. Ecclus. xxix. 31. Hise guttes bigonne to gothelen

And the smoke of encensis of the preiers of haleuis (L. Hospitalite, that is, herboringe of pore men (hospitalitas). As two gredy sowes. V. hooli men, sanctorum) stizede up of the aungelis hond

Id. Rom. xii. 13.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3167; also v. 8213. bifore God.-Id. Apoc. viii. 4.

HALO, v.

(Thei sholde) hardie hem that bihynde ben.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10497. His grey hairs

And the Lord hardide the herte of Pharao (L. V. made GYNFUL, Piers Plouhman, see in v. Geometrie, Carl'd, lifelike, to the fire

hard, induravit), and he pursuede the sones of Yrael. supra. Full of ingine or ingenuity. That haloed round his saintly brow.

Wic. Ex. xiv. 8. Southey. Thalaba, b. ix. 27.

Kutte ye about therfore the utter more part of your GYPSY. See the Quotation from Shakespeare,

HALPE, i. e. Helped. See HELP.

herte; and your nolle (cerricem) furthermore harde ze not Antony and Cleopatra, in v. Renay, where the

(induretis).-Id. Deut. x. 16. Egyptian Cleopatra is called a Gypsy


The whiche thingis ful doon hardiliche (L. V. hardili, And he preyede hym, and halsende ententifly. (L. V. bi- audacter), Jacob seyde to Symyon and Leuy, fe han disGYVE.

sechide, obsecravit.)
- Wic. 2 Par. xxxiii. 13.

turbid me.-Id. Gen. xxxiv. 30. That he sholde here the weilingus of the gyued (L. V. HALT.

She (May) taketh him by the hond, and hard him (Dafetterid, compeditorum), and loosen the sones of the slayne.

mian) twist.
Wic. Ps. ci. 21.
Forsothe he haltide (claudicabat) in the foot.

Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9879. The whiche (Joseph) toke in the hond of him alle the

Wic. Gen. xxxii. 31. Sirs, speke hardely what ye thinke in this matter. gyued men that weren in holdun in kepyng (vinctos). The trayteresse false (Fortune) and ful of gyle,

Berners' Froissart, v. i. p. 312. ld. Gen. xxxix. 23.

That al behoteth, and nothing halte,
She goth upright and yet she halte.

HARLOT. The Lat. Emissari is rendered har.
Chaucer. Boke of the Duchesse, v. 621, 2. lotis, ether messengers, in Wiclif, Bible. See REN-
HALWE, i. e. Hallow, qv.

NERS, in v. to Run.

Hosen in harde weder

No thing harmeth more the chirche of God, than that The H was omitted by our old writers at the be

Y-hamled by the anele.

unworthi men be taken to the gouernailis of soulis. Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 598.

Wic. Bible. Prol. 32. ginning of many words derived from the Latin, as HAMMER.

How long foolis schulen coneyte tho thingis that ben Abit, onest, onour, oost, orrout, orrible. See HABIT,

And Sella gendride Tubalcayn, that was an hamer-harmful to hem silf (L. V. nozesum, noria), and onpru&c. betere (E. V. hamer smyth, malleator), and smygt on (E.V.

dent men schulen hate cunnyng.-Id. Prov. i. 22. HABERGEON. a smyth in to) alle werkis of bras and of yrun.

HAROW. From Ha-Raoul, Ha-Raow. A call

Wic. Gen. iv. 22. (He) wol juste in Piers armes,

(This is) a hard handed and stiff ignorance worthy a

upon or in the name of Rollo-which imposed a duty, lo his helm and in his haubergeon. trowel or a hammer man.

upon those who heard it, to aid the party calling. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12118.

Ben Jonson. Magnetic Lady, act ü. sc. 1. See Du Cange and Cotgrave. SUP OL. I.




Now hawks aloft, now skims along the flood,

Jewis, that sueden by nede, seiden, do thou not so ferslı
To furnish her loquacious nest with food.

and hethenli, (barbare), but gyue thou onour to the dai of For though that the best harpour upon line,

Dryden. Æn. b. xii. v. 693. halewyng.-Id. 2 Mac. xv. 2.
Would on the besté souned jolly harpe,

If thou, sithen thou ert a Jew, lyuest hethenli (gentiliter) That ever was, with all his fingers fire

and not Jewly, how constreynest thou hethene gentes) men

It is great scorne to see such an hayne Touch AIE O STRING, or AIE O WARBLE harpe:

for to become Jewis.-Id. Gal. ii. 14. Were his nailes poincted never so sharpe,

As thou arte, one that cam but yesterdaye,
It shuldè maken every wight to dull
With us olde seruantes such maysters to playe.

And he comaundide that alle convertis fro hethenesse To here his gle, and of his strokes full.

Skelton. Bouge of Courte, v. 328. (proselyti) to the lawe of Israel schulden bee gaderid of the Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. vv. 1030, 1, 4. HAZEL.

lond of Israel.-Id. 1 Par. xxii. 2. HARRASS. See HARAS, supra. The secounde (Jeremye) by prophecieschewid the hazelne

HEAVE, v. gerd (E. V. note, i. e. nut), and of a pot set afire fro the

A swete smell anon the ground face of the north. - Wic. Pref. Ep. p. 72. HARWE, i. e. Harrow, qv.

And more encense into the fire he cast.

And Arcita anon his hond up ha Pyaf gave):
HE. From the various readings of Lev. v. 6,
HARY, i. e. Hurry, qv.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, r. 2430 it appears that the Lat. Agna, was in one of WicHASP.

HEAVY. lif's MSS. rendered, Hee lombe; and capra, Hee geet. So harde hath avarice

Underlei the shulder, and ber it, and ne bere thou heuyY-hasped hem togideres.


sumli (L.V. be thou not anoied, ne acedieris) in the bondis Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 855.

of it.- Wic. Ecc. vi. 26. The hors howis (hooves) felden while the strongeste of HASSOCK, s.

enemyes fledden, with bire, and feeden hedli. (E. V. bi And he turnede aten eftsoone, and foond hem slepynge; Whinnes, ling, hassocks, heedynge, per preceps.)-Wic. Judg. v. 22.

for her izen weren heuyed. (E.V. greuyd, gravati.).

Id. Mark xiv. 40 Turf and hassocs.-Harrison. Description of England. As into heuedi fallynge (quasi in præceps).-Id. ib. v. 15.

He hath swiche hevinesse and swiche wrath to us ward, For so astonied and asweved HASTE, v. Was every virtue in my heved,

because of our offence, that he wol enjoynen us swiche a Hastiliche he shifte hym.

That al my felinge gan to ded.

pense as we moun not bere ne susteine.

Chaucer. Tale of Melibeus.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 14259.

Chaucer. House of Fame, b. ii.
Grevous to me (God wote) is your onrest;
What a forlorn state is this? When men are thus for-

HECKLE. See HACKLE. Skelton (if not a
Your hast (rashness) and that, the Goddis ordinadnce, saken of God, and left without check blindly and headily
It seemeth nat ye take it for the best.

to follow the sway of their own tempers, and the bent of misprint) writes, Hedel. See Jamieson. Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. v. v. 1605. their own hearts.- Tillotson, i. fo. 267. Ser. 29.

To wene in the stoule sume were full preste, The lasse ye helpe him that ye haste (act rashly),

With slaiis (sleys), with tauellis, with hedelis drest. And the more time shul ye waste. HEAL, v.

Skelton, i. 393. Garlande of Laurell, v. 790.
Id. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3751. For tho ben kept (sc. the breast and shoulder) to thee

and to thi fre sones of the heelful sacrifices. (E. V. hool-
This axeth haste; and of an hastif thing
Men may not preche, and maken tarying.

sum, oostis, de hostiis salutaribus.)- Wic. Lev. x. 14. Cham. The King in this perceives him, how he coasts, Id. Milleres Tale, v. 3515. It (riztfuluesse) shal feede hym with the breed of lijf,

And hedges his own way: And hastifly they for the provoste sent. and of undurstonding; and it schal gyue drinke to hym

Shakespeare. Henry VIII. act iii. sc. 2. Id. Prioresse Tale, v. 13345. with watir of heelful wisdam. (E. V. holsum, salutaris.)

Id. Ecclus. xv. 3. HEEL. HATCH. Skelton uses Enhatch, to inlay. HEAP.

I selle youre patentes and youre pardon Dyce.

And Ezekias askide the prestis and Leuytis, Why the At one pies hele.-Piers Plouhman, v. 4887.

heepils schulden so lyen. (L. V. heepis, acervi.) HATCHET.

HEGGE, i. e. Hedge, qv.

Wic. 2 Par. xxxi. 9.
Alle that beren
For purueighance embraseth all thinges to heape (cuncta

Ax outher hachet, &c.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, F. 1979. pariter complectitur), although they be diuers, and though
they be infinite.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv. pr. 6.

Thus enemies in maniful manner wol sech in to make HATE.

harts to murmure ayenst my person, to have me in haine HEARSE.

withouten cause.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.
The whiche thingis ful doon hardilich, Jacob seide to
Symyoun and Leuy, se han maad me haatsum (L. V. hate-
At Crescy, the archers stood in manner of a herse, about

HEIR. ful, odiosum) to Chananeis and Pharežeis, the dwelleris of 200 in front, and 40 in depth.–Barnes. (Southey, note.)

Sotheli the erthe tiliers, seeynge the sone, seiden with

From his hersed bowmen now the arrows flew, this loond. - Wic. Gen. xxxiv. 30.

ynne hem self, This is the cire; cum ze sleg we hym, and And Amon had her (Thamar) hateful (E. V. haatsum, Thick as the sunny flakes, and with lightning force.

we schulen haue his eritage.- Wic. Deeds. Matt. xxi. 38. erosam) bi ful grete haterede, so that the hatrede was gretter

Southey. Joan of Arc, b. ii. v. 88. by which he hatide (odium quo oderat), than the loue bi HEART.

HELIACAL. HELIASTICK. See SUBDIAL, infra. which he louyde hir bifor.-Id. 2 Kings xiii. 15.

Y may not alone foure nedis susteyn and birthens, and

stryues; gyue ze of zow wise men and herti (L. V. vitti, HELL. Wiclif renders not only in gehennam, HATREEL. Also written, Haterel.

gnaros), and whos conversacioun be preued in youre lynagis, Mark ix. 4, but also ad infernum, ad inferos, by—into (An arowe) smote the Kyng of Yrael betwen the hatreel and I putte hem to zow princes.- Wic. Deut. i. 13.

helle. (L. V. necke, cervicem) and the schulders.

Therfore herty men hereth me. (L. V. hertid, cordati.)
Wic. 2 Par. xviii. 33.

Id. Job xxxiv. 10.

He (Jacob) seide, Y schal go doon into helle and schol Til thi mouth be fillid with leizter, and thi lippis with

bieneile my sone.- Wic. Gen. xxxvii. 55. HATTE, Hote. See Hight. hertli song. (L. V. with joye, jubilo.)-Id. ib. viii. 21.

If any aduersite schal bifalle to hym (Beniamyn) in the

lond to which ze schulen go, ze schulen lede forth myn

Bi his doctrine shal be knowen a man; who forsothe is HAUNCE. See HANCE.

hoore heeris with sorewe to hellis.-Id. Ib. xli. 38. veyn and herteles (excors) shal ben open to despising.

Id. Prov.

xii. 8. HAUNT.

HELLUO, s. Lat. Helluo, a Glutton.
And there he haunted (detesse) wyth them and baptised.

By such circumscriptions of pleasure the contemned
Bible, 1549. John, iii. &c. xi. 54.

Put was the herth or chymney (arula) biforn hym ful of philosophers reserved unto themselves the secret of delight,

colys. He (Judi) kutte it (the book) with a scraping knyf which the helluos of those days lost in their exorbitances. HAVEN. of the Scribe, and thre; it in to the fyr, that was upon the

Browne. Christian Morals, pt. ii. $ 1. And fro thennis schippinge, in the day suynge we camen

herth, to the tyme that were wasted al the volum with fyr HELM. atens Chyum, and another we haveneden at Samum (apthat was in the herth.- Wic. Jer. xxxvi. 22, 23.

And now again you helm your hoary head, plicuimus).- Wic. Deedes xx. 15.

And under double weight of age and arms,
HEAT is used by Ben Jonson as a p. p. Hot. Assert your country's freedom and my crown.
HAVIOUR, HAVOUR. In Chaucer, infra, and

Dryden. Arthur, act i. sc. I. Fabyan, in Dictionary. Wealth. As the Fr. Avoir.

(It) (Love) is witte withouten discrecion;
Yet far above, beyond the reach of sight,

Men and maydenes
Havoir, without possession.
Swell after swell, the henthery mountain rose.

That help-lese were.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5299. Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4723.

Southey., Don Roderick, | xvi.

For I schal be helpful, or mercyful (propitius), to the

wickidnesse of hem, and now I schal not bíthenke on the

HEATHEN. Kilian and Grimm sanction the HAVOCK, s.

A cry for the commencement of slaughter, plunder, &c. As in Shakespeare, Julius suggestion of Vossius (that Heathen is from Heath, syanes of hem.- Wic. Heb. viii. 12.

The riztwis knewz the lyues of his helpli beestis. (L. V. Cæsar, Cry, havock, and let slip the Dogges of familiar in the West before the preaching of Christisee in Dictionary). But was not the Latin Ethnici werke, jumentorum.)

ld. Prov. xii. 10. (In Ecclus. xliii. 27, pecorum.) Warre.

anity was extended to the dwellers on the “Heaths;" I had ben dedde and all to shent That no man be so hardy to cry havock, upon peyne that

But for the precious ointment,
or the word “Heathen” known as a distinctive name?
he that is beginner shall be deede therefore.

But the ointment halpè me wele.
The Office of Constable and Mareshal in Tyme And see Trench On the Study of Words, Lecture 3.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1911.
of Warre. Notes and Queries, vol. ii. Til it (a child) be christned in Cristes name
And confermed of the Bisshope

As hoor as an hawethorn.
It is hethene as to heven-ward.

Make we to hym an help lijk to hymssilf (adjutorium
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11154.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10539.

simile sibi).- Wic. Gen. ii. 18. But now if thou siest hir, seie thou, andur what tree thou Al was hethynesse som tyme

I wyll make hym an helper to beare hym company. siest hem spekynge togidre to hem silf? Which seide, Engelond and Walis,

Bible, 1549. Undur a haw tree. (E. V. sloo tree, sub schino.)

Til Gregory gart clerkes

I wil make him an helpe, which may be presēt with him.
Wic. Dan, xiii. 54.
To go here and preche.-11. Ib. 10509.

Id. 1553.
And if he (thy brothir) heerith not hem, seye thou to the
HAWK, v. Also, to soar as the hawk does.

An helpe meete for him.-Id. 1582. chirche. But if he herith not the Chirche; be he as an (80) the black swallow near the palace plies,

hethen, and pupplican.- Wic. Matt. xviii. 17. (A. 8. He- And so the common version. D'er empty courts, and under arches flies then, 'o saxos, ethnicus.)

I will make him an help meet for him. 50

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