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And the Kyng gaf to hir (the womman) (E.V. hyre) o chaumburleyn, and seide, Restore thou to hir (E. V. hyre) alle thingis that ben hern. (E. V. hyres, sua.)

Wic. 4 Kings viii. 6. Salt is good, but if the salt haue lost her saltnes, what shal be seasoned therwith-Bible, 1549. Luke xiv. 35. In Mod. Version, his savour.


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The which whan Rebecca hadde herd, and he was goon a wey in to the feeld, that he fulfille the heest (L. V. to fille the comaundement, ut jussionem impleret), she seide to hir sone Iacob.-Wic. Gen. xxvii. 5.

Al the Route
Hidden hem in hernes,
They dorste not loke on oure Lord.

The mind that is habituated to the lively sense of an hereafter, can hope for what is the most terrifying to the generality of mankind, and rejoice in what is the most afflicting.-Taller, 156.

HERE, i. e. Hair, qv.


And heste, certain, in no wise
Without ifete (deed) is not to preise.
Whan heste and dede a sonder vary,
Thei doen a grete contrary.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4475.
HETE, s. See BE-HET. Also HIGHT.
Forsothe thou schalt kepe, and do that jede out onys
thi lippis, as thou bihistist to thi Lord God.-Mar. note.
Forthi kepe the heestis for that thou hast auowid, in
comparison of him that heetith, and fulfillith it not.


Wic. Deut. xxiii. 23.
HETHING. In the version of the Psalms,
quoted by Wiclif's Editors, (in Pref. p. 4,) the Lat.
subsannatio et illusio, are rendered scoornyng and heth-
yng. In the text version, mouwing and scornyng.
We ben mand repreef to oure neizboris; scoornyng and
hethyng to all that ben in our cumpas.
Wic. Ps. xcviii. 4. Ed. Pr.

The flowers

And the fresh herblets on the opposite brink.

Cary. Dante. HERDES, s. pl. Coarse flax. Tyrwhitt. Herde, heirde. Fibra lini. Kilian.

And sche criede to hym, Sampson, Filisteis ben on thee! which brak the boondis, as if a man brekith a threed of herdis, writhun with spotle, whanne it hath take the odour of fier. (L.V. a top of flexe, stuppa.)- Wic. Judg. xvi. 9. And she (Fraunchise) had on a Suckeny That nol of hempe herdes was


So faire was none in all Arras.

it forsothe a litil while, and a litil, and schal be ful endid myn indignacioun and myn wodnesse up on the hidous Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1233. gilte of hem. (L. V. greet trespas, scelus.)- Wic. Is. x. 25. HERE, i. e. Hear, qv.

My spirit hadde orrour ether hidousnesse. (E. V. hidouside, horruit.)-Id. Dan. vii. 15.



Ristwise forsothe shuln eritagen the erthe (L. V. enheret, hereditabunt), and indwelle in to the world of world up on it.- Wic. Ps. xxxvi. 29; also 11.

He addede to hem disciplyne; and the lawe of lif he eritagede hem. (L.V. enheritide hem with, hereditavit illos.) ld. Is. liv. 3. HERESY. See the Quotation from Hooker in v. Separate, infra.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12897.

HEVE, i. e. Heave, qv.
HEVED, i. e. Head, qv.
HEW, now Hue, qv.
HEW, v.

And Samuel hewide hym (L. V. kittide, concidit) into
gobbetis before the Lord in Galgalis.- Wic. 1 Kings xv. 33.
He that heweth to hie, with chippes he may lese his sight.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.

A. S. Heor; Du. Harre, Herre. A
HERR, s.
Hinge. A. S. Hearran. The hinges or hooks of a
door or gate, whereby it hangeth and moveth.

it he hadde not maad erthe, and floodis and the herris
of the world (cardines).- Wic. Prov, viii. 26, et aliter.
HERY, v.

The byssopes, that hyre ladde, vor joye wepe also,
And herede God and Seynt Swythyn.
Robert of Gloucester, v. 338.
Forsothe, Hien dydde this aspyingly, that he distruye
alle the heryeris of Baal. (L. V. worschipers, cultores.)
Wic. 4 Kings x. 19; also 23.
Blessid art thou Lord God of our fathers, and heryful or
worthi to be preyside (laudabilis).—ld. Dan. iii. 26.

Full ofte he heweth up so hie
That chips fallen in his eie.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. i. fo. 183.

Forsothe thou doist hidyngli (L. V. priveli, abscondite),
forsothe I shal doo this word in sist of alle Irael, and in
the sizt of this sunne.- Wic. 2 Kings xii. 12.

And whanne the sunne was gon doun, drede felde on Abram, and a greet hidousenesse and derk asaylide him. (E. V. grisenes, horror.)-Id. Gen, xv. 12.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 38. HILD, HEELD or HEALD, v. This is a common word in Wiclif, and is rendered by him from the Lat. fundere; ef-, in-, per-fundere: Grose says that in the north, To heald is to incline it to one side in order to empty it: Hence, he adds, to heal, to lean or incline to one side. See To HELE. And he might have added: Hence, To heald, to pour out; as, to heald the pot.

Y biseche hem that ben to redynge this boke, that thei dreden not or haue not hydous (var. r. hidouste, ne abhorrescant) for contrarie casis.-Id. 2 Mac. vi. 12.

And sche helde (E. V. heldynge, effundens) out the watirpot in trouzis, and ran again to the pit, to draw watir, and sche 3af watir drawun to alle the camels.


The whiche fond grace in his sist, that he schulde hezen
the wymmen enournyng. (L. V. hastide, acceleraret.)
Wic. Esth. ii. 9.
Medecyne of alle thingus (is) in the heezing of a little
cloud. (L. V. haastyng, festinatione.)-Id. Ecclus. xliii. 24.
And the womman answerde to hem; Thei wenten hiyngli,
(L. V. hastily, festinante,) a litil wist waater tastid.
Id. 2 Kings xvii. 20.

Wic. Gen. xxiv. 20. And (a Samaritan) cam to hym, and boond togidir hise woundis, and helde in oyle and wynne. (E. V. heeldynge, infundens.)-Id. Luke x. 34.

And there apperide the out heeldyngis of the see (L. V. schedyngis out, effusiones), and ben opened the foundementis of the world.-Id. 2 Kings xxii. 16.

Thoughe plenty, goddess of Riches, hylde adowne (fundat) yet with a full horne, and with drawe not her hande. for all that mankinde nold not cesse to wepe wretched plaints.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. ii. m. 2.



He (the Pope) salle at his dome set it lowe and hie. Robert of Gloucester, v. 283. HIGHNESS. A title of honour, formerly of kings, now of princes and princesses of the blood royal. See MAJESTY, infra.

Heizthe occurs in the var. readings of Wiclif. Forsothe he that shal hie hym self (exaltaverit) shal be mekid.- Wic. Mat. xxiii. 12.


And if there any askin me

How this bokè whiche is here

Shal (be) hate, which that I rede you biere,
It is the Romaunt of the Rose.


Whiche eten flesche of my peple and hildiden (L. V. hiliden), or flewen (excoriaverunt) the skyn of hem fro above. Wic. Mic. iii. 3. HILL. To cover, is frequent in Wiclif.

It is to doo forsothe, whanne Benadab had herde this word, he drank, and the kyngis in hiletis. (L. V. schadewynge places, in umbraculis.)- Wic. 2 Kings xx. 12; also 16. The which Laban called an hillok of witnes (L. V. heep, tumulum), and Jacob an hipil of witnessyng (L. V. heep, acervum), either after the proprete of his tunge. Id. Gen. xli. 47.

Cometh, and make we to us a citee and a towr, whos heizt
(L. V. hiznesse, culmen) fulli ateyne unto heuene.
Id. Gen. xi. 4.

Forsothe he ceside to prophecie, and cam to the heir.
(L. V. an his place, ad excelsum.)-Id. 1 Kings x. 14.
And as the hitnessis (E. V. oouermoostis, summitates) of
the eeris of corn, thei schulen be al to-brokun.

Id. Job xxiv. 24.

And we wol reuled ben at his devise
In highe and lowe.-Chaucer. Prol. v. 819.
Sylver that before was at viii grotes and xxx.d. an vunce,
was highed to xl. d. an vunce, and iii. s. ii. d.
Fabyan, p. 655. Ed. 4, An. 1465.
And bear through highth or depth of nature's bounds.
Milton. Par. R. b. i. v. 13.

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And he (the Lord) gaf hem into stiryng, and in to perischyng, and in to hisshing, ether scornyng (E. V. whistlyng, in sibilum), as ze seen with youre eezen. Wic. 2 Par. xxix. 8. HISTORY. The now obsolete verb Historify, is used not only by Sir P. Sidney and the poet Stirling, but by Ben Jonson.

Com. (They) have a world of honour

And public reputation to defend.

Sir Dia. Which in the brave historified Greeks And Romans you shall read of.

Ben Jonson. Magnetic Lady, act iii. sc. 4.


(It) is a histrionical contempt

Of what a man most fears; it being a mischief
In his own apprehension unavoidable.

Ben Jonson. Magnetic Lady, act iii. sc. 4. Though the world be histrionical, and most men live ironically, yet be thon what thou singly art, and personate only thyself.-Browne. Christian Morals, pt. ii. § xx. HO.

There was no ho with Anniball, but without further delay, he came forth into the field in battaile array. Holland. Livy, p. 439. HOAR. Sone, fro thi 3outhe tac doctrine, and unto hoore heris (ad canos) thou shalt finde wisdam.-Wic. Ecclus. vi. 18. He that towchith eny unclene whos touchyng is hoory (L. V. foul, sordidus), shal be unclene unto the euen. Id. Lev. xxii. 5. As stynke thow shalt looth (any thing of the Mawmet), and as filthed and horthe of abhomynacioun (L. V. filthis, sordes), for it is cursid.-Id. Deut. vii. 26.

The ful out ioting of unge men (is) the strengthe of hem; and the dignete of olde men hornesse (canities). Id. Prov. xx. 29.

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Just like that old formal hocus, who denied a beggar a farthing, and put him off with a blessing.

South. Sermons. The Will for the Deed.
HOKER. A. S. Hocer, Hocor: Hogian, sper-
nere,-Scornfulness; Mr. Tyrwhitt, Frowardness.
Skinner says, Ni fallor, Hokerly is Crookedly, from
A. S. Hoce, Uncus.

She was digne as water in a diche;
And al so ful of hoker and of bismare.

Chaucer. Reves Tale, v. 3963. Whan a man is sharply amonested in his shrift to leve his sinne, than wol he be angry, and answere hokerly and angerly.-Id. Persones Tale.

HOLD, s. See BEHOLD. That which holdeth; or keepeth (fast, firm).

To hold in hand (as to bear in hand, qv.) to hold in expectation, in suspense. (I) holde him yet in honde.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. 5, v. 1371. Ye ne doe but holden me in honde.-Id. Ib. b. 5, v. 1615.


And whan this jape is tald another day,
I shall be halden à daffe or a cokenay.

Id. Reves Tale, v. 4206.
She (Custance) driveth forth into our ocean
Thurghout our wide see, til at the last
Under an hold, that nempnen I ne can,
Far in Northumberlond, the waue hire cast.


day hens, and his lord kepide hym not, he shal zeelde oxe for oxe. Id. Er. xxi. 29.


And so Ysay, the prophete, inwardly clepyde the Lord, and broust ageyn the umbre by the lynys, with the whiche nowe it hadde goon doun in the orloge (L. V. orologie, horoWic. 4 Kings xx. 11. Loo! I shal make to turne areen the shadewe of lynes bi the whiche it had go doun in the oriloge of Acath in the sunne bacward by tenn lynes.-Id. Is. xxxviii. 8.

Id. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4927. logie) of Achaz, bacward tenne degrees.
But I say not that every wight is hold
To gon. Id. Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 5717.
For nevir Man was to you Goddes hold
As I.-Id. Troylus and Cressida, iii. 1259.

And he that gadrid hijris, sente hem in to a sak, or
bagge, hoolid or broken (pertusum).- Wic. Hag. i. 6.

And this (is) called homage, from those words, I become your man, sir.-N. Bacon. Historical Treatise, c. lxii. p. 200. HOME.

The viker hadde fer hoom,
And faire took his leeve.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13924.
Wile thou not ben as a leoun in thin hous, turnende
awei thin homli men (L. V. meneals, domesticos), and
oppressende to men soget to thee.- Wic. Ecclus. iv. 35.
He makith famyliar, or homeli lettris to Filemon for
Onesimus his seruaunt.-Id. Prol. to Philemon.
Thou af to me a target of thin helth; and min hoomly-
nes (L. V. myldenesse, mansuetudo) multiplied me.
ld. 2 Kings xxii. 36.


je forsothe denyeden the hooli and the iust, and axiden a man homeside or mansleer (homicidam) for to be zouun to you. Wic. Deeds iii. 14.

HOMONYMY, v. See the Quotation from Watts in v. Equivocation, supra.

HOMOTONOUS. Gr. 'Oporovoç, having the same sound.

To discover homotonous words in a language abounding with them like ours, is a task that would puzzle no man competently acquainted with it.-Cowper. Life, ii. 195. HOND, i. e. Hand, qv.

HONEST. To live honestly on his rents. To
apparel honestly.-Berners' Froissart, i. 635, ií. 15;
i. e. reputably, creditably.

List (easy) is forsothe in the eten of God sodeynly to
honesten (L. V. to make onest, honestare) the pore.
Wic. Ecclus. xi. 23.
Be waisohun and anoynted, and be thou clothid with
onestere clothis, and go doun in to the corn floor. (E. V.
more worshipful clothis, cultioribus vestimentis.)


Id. Ruth iii. 3.


The Lord foond him in a deseert lond, in the place of Orrour, ethir hidousnesse (horroris), and of wast wildirnesse.- Wic. Deut. xxxii. 10.

Orribleli (hidousli, horrende) and soone he shal apere to ou.-Id. Wisd. vi. 6.


He shal not multiplye to hym horses, ne lede azen puple into Egipt, by noumbre of horsynge arered. (L. V. knystis, equitatus, numero sublevatus.)—Wic. Deut. xvii. 16. We rejoice that though unhorsed, or rather horseless, you are come safe home again. Cowper. To Bull, Sept. 8, 1790.


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Joure silf as quike stoones be aboue bildid spiritual housis, holy presthod, for to offre spiritual hoostis, or offringis (hostias) acceptable to God bi Jhesu Crist. Wic. 1 Pet. ii. 5. And (thee) offred... into the oostis of pesible thinges oxen two, &c. (L. V. sacrifice, hostias.) Id. Num. vii. 35. HOSTILE. Dele Hostilement, and the Quotation from Chaucer, and see HUSTYLMENT, infra.

HOT. See FLAME, Piers Plouhman, supra. HOT. Hotspurs, applied to hot-headed persons Honeycomb,―The cellular sub- (from Henry Percy). See Trench, English Past and Present. Lec. 3.

stance containing the honey.


HONOUR. Honours in cards, King, Queen, &c.

The man bowide hym silf and onouryde (L. V. wor-
schipide, adoravit) the Lord.-Wic. Deut. xxiv. 26.
HONT, i. e. Hunt, qv.; also Forloyne.


And thei tumbliden hyre (Jezabel); and the wall is sprengid with the blod, and the hors houes (L. V. howues, ungula) that treden hyre.-Wic. 4 Kings ix. 33.

HOP, v.

I batred hem on the bak,
And bolded hire hertes,

And dide hem hoppe for hope,

To haue me at wille.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1757.
HOPE, s. Mr. Tyrwhitt says, A dingle or little
valley. And see Jamieson. And see Guy Manner-
ing for Charlies Hope, and Bride of Lammer Moor
for Wolf's Hope, i. e. Wolf's Haven.
God a shelde is of alle the hopers (sperantium) in hym.
Wic. 2 Kings xxii. 31.
They loggit (lodged) them
Atte Cheker of the Hope, that many a man doth knowe.
Chaucer. Par. and Tap. Prol. v. 14.
He feels his elevation
Most, when conferring joy upon the hoper.


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I'll not offend thee with a vain tear more,
Glad mentioned Roe; thou art but gone before,
Whither the world must follow: and I, now,
Breathe to expect my when, and make my how.
Ben Jonson. Epig. 33.
HOWVE. See HOVE, Piers Plouhman, supra.
HOYN. Fr. Hoigner, Menage. A word derived

Iphig. in Tauris, A. 5. (From Goethe.) from the sound,-to murmur, to grumble; also to

Doth salm to the Lord in trumpis beten out, and in vois of the hornene trumpe. (L. V. trumpe of horn, tubæ cornuæ.)- Wic. Ps. xcvii. 6.

If forsothe he wiste that the oxe was an hornputtere (L.V. puttere, cornupeta) fro zisterday, and fro the thridde

whine as a child.


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HUSTLE, i. e. Justle or Jostle. HUSTYLMENT, from the Lat. Supellectile. Wiclif. The word occurs twice in the var. r. of Wiclif, where necessaries, purtenances, stands in the text. Mr. Tyrwhitt explains Hostilement, in Chaucer, Household furniture.

Certes, it nedeth of full many helpings to kepen the diuersite of precious hostilements.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. ii. HUSWIFE. A housewife's case for knitting needles, &c. Mrs. Unwin begs me in particular to thank you warmly for the houswife, the very thing she has just begun to want. Cowper to Mrs. King, Sept. 25, 1788.

Whistling Eurus comes, With all his world of insects, in thy lands To hyemate.-Smart. The Hop Garden.


I J.

JACK. That to which the bowl is directed. Clo. Was there ever man had such luck? When I kissed the jack upon an upeast, to be hit away! Shakespeare. Cymbeline, act ii. sc. 1. Close by the jack, behold, ill fortune stands, To wave the game (at bowls).-Quarles, b. i. emb. 10.


For to prechen and proven it noght,
Ypocrisie it semeth.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9827.

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ICONIZE, v. ICONISM, S. lance. This world is an image always iconized or perpetually renewed (as the image in a glass is).

Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 572. When the intellect or mind above is exercised in abstracted intellections and contemplations, the fancy will at the same time busily employ itself below, in making some kind of apish imitations, counterfeit iconisms, symbolical adumbrations and resemblances, of those intellectual cogitations of sensible and corporeal things.

Til Parnell's purfill (embroidery)
Be put in hire hucche.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2314.

And loo! sum man syk in ydropsie was bifore him. (L.V. inanis.)- Wic. Gen. i. 2. dropesie, homo hydropicus.)- Wic. Luke xiv. 3.


Id. Immutable Morality, b. iv. c. 1. IDEA. IDEATE. Could we intimately apprehend the ideated man, and as he stood in the intellect of God upon the exertion by creation, we might more narrowly comprehend our present degeneracy, and how widely we are fallen from the pure exemplar and idea of our nature.

Browne. Christian Morals, pt. i. § xxviii. An idealist defending his system by the fact, that when asleep we often believe ourselves awake, was well answered by his plain neighbour: "Ah, but when awake, do we ever believe ourselves asleep?"-Coleridge. Biog. Lit. ii. 69.


And when she hove her hedde higher, she peirced the selfe heaven, so that the sight of menne lookyng was in idel (frustabatur).-Id. lb. b. i. pr. 1.

IDOL. In the Title to the 16th Chapter of the Interpretation of Nature, Bacon calls Idols, fictions. Works, v. i. p. 387, 4to.

IDLE. See Chaucer in v. Ill, infra.

The erthe was idel and voide. (E. V. veyne withynne,

Forsothe wolt thou wite, thou veyn man (inanis), for feith with outen werkes is ydel.-Id. James ii. 20.

Thow shalt not mystaak the name of the Lord thi God idillich. (L. V. in veyn, frustra.)-Id. Deut. v. 11.

Snot forsothe and ijs suffreden the strengthe of fyr, and
floweden not.- Wic. Wis. xvi. 22.

Yss (glacies) and snowes blesse je the Lord; preyse je
and aboue reyse ze him in the worldis.-Id. Dan. iii. 70.
Gr. Εινονιζειν, Εικονισμα.
To form a likeness or resemb-yll

Whanne othere men teden forth to batel, Dauyth dwellide as idil in Jerusalem, and therfor he was drawun to do anoutrie: wherfor the Poete seith, If thou takist awey idilnessis, the craftis of coueitise, that is, of leccherie, perischiden. Id. 2 Kings xi. 1, mar. note.

As for the elenchs of images or idolaes, certainly idolaes are the profoundest fallacies of the mind of man. Wats. Bacon on Learning, b. v. c. iv. § 3.

But ye semen certes ye can do nothing a right but if it be for the audience of the people, and for yle rumours. Chaucer. Boecius, b. ii.

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O temerous tauntress that delights in toyes,
Jangling iestres, depraveresse of sweete ioyes.

Uncertaine Auctors. Against an vnstedfast Woman.


Ignominy is the infliction of such evil as is made dishonourable; or the deprivation of such good, as is made honourable by the commonwealth.

Hobbes. Commonwealth, pt. ii. c. xxvii. IGNORE. (Boyle.) Is now constant in English usage.

JIB. The foremost sail of a ship; from the shape or form of which, the ship's country may be known, whether friend or foe. Hence the expression, The cut of his jib. Notes and Queries.


He (Friday) was amazed when he saw how the sail gibbed, and filled this way or that way, as the course we sailed changed.-Defoe. Robinson Crusoe.

ILK. Wiclif, Ez. xliii. 15, renders the Lat. Ipse, the ylk, E. V., and thilke, L. V.

ILL. Chaucer renders the Lat. Inanes rumores, rumours, i. e. idle. See in v. Rumour. IL-LAQUEATE, v.

As concerning the infamous and diabolical magick, he that would know whether a philosopher be temptable by, or illaqueable into it, let him read the writings of Mælegenes.-Cudworth. Intellectual System, p. 268.


Wherfore and I shal chesen the illusions of hem (L. V. scornyngis, illusiones), and that thei dreden I shal brenge to hem.-Wic. Is. lxvi. 4; also Ecclus. xxvii. 31, illusion or scorne (illusio).

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And how that ymaginatif

In dremels (dreams) me tolde

Of kynde and of his konnynge, &c. &c.-Id. v. 8051.
Nothing list him (Arviragus) to be imaginatif,
If any wight had spoke, while he was oute,
To hire (Dorigen) of loue; he had of that no doute.
Chaucer. The Frankeleine's Tale, v. 11406.
The Duke studyed a season, and gave none answere, and
ymagyned sore.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 359.

After an object is removed, or the eye shut, we still re-
tain an image of the thing seen, though more obscure than
when we see it. And this is what the Latins call imagi-
nation, from the image made in seeing, and apply the same,
though improperly, to all the other senses. But the
Greeks call it fancy, which signifies apparence, and is as
proper to one sense as another. Imagination, therefore, is
nothing but decaying sense, and is found in men and many
other living creatures, as well sleeping as waking.
Hobbes on Man, pt. i. c. 2.

But a voice
Is wanting, the deep truth is imageless.


Shelley. Prometheus, act ii. sc. 4.

And other materes enbibing.



IM-PERSEVERANT. Mr. Dyce considers the right reading (in Cymbeline) to be, according to modern Orthography," this imperceiverant thing," i. e. this thing that has not the sense to perceive (my superiority to Posthumus). And this interpretation (adopted by Mr. Singer) is countenanced both by the context, and by the usages of Perceverance. See PERCEIVE. Though the coinage of a barbarous positive must not be granted as a sufficient warranty for that of a negative; nor is any other example of this negative to be found. The common interpretation has been Im, aug. qd. Emperseverant, i. e. Self-willed, obstinate; a sense quite consistent with Imogen's perseverance in rejecting Cloten's repetitions of his suit. See Impierce, infra.

IM-PIERCE. In the v. the im is aug.; in Im-
pierceable, the im is neg.

Ye armen your seruauntes ayenst all debates with im-
Chaucer. The Chan. Yem. Tale, v. 16282. perceable harneis.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.

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Even in our sensual days, the strength of delight is in its seldomness or rarity, and sting in its satiety; mediocrity is its life, and immoderacy its confusion.

Browne. Christian Morals, pt. ii. § 1.


Once men they lived, but now the men were dead,
And turn'd to beasts, so fabled Homer old,
That Circe, with her potion charm'd in gold,
Used manly souls in beastly bodies to immould.
G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph over Death.


The chains of earth's immurement
Fell from Ianthe's spirit;

They shrank and brake like bandages of straw,
Beneath awakened giants' strength.

Shelley. Queen Mab, s. 1.


The quarrel, by that impact driven,
True to its aim, fled fatal.
Southey. Joan of Arc, b. viii. v. 228.

(Men) ben impacient in hir penaunce.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12041.

IM-PEDE. Impediment is used by Milton from the Lat. Impedimenta, baggage, carriage.

But the will is not impedible; it cannot be restrained at all, if there be any acts of life.

Bp. Taylor. Of Repentance, ch. vi. ser. v. § 73.
So warnd he them aware themselues, and soon
In order, quit of all impediment,

Instant, without disturb, they took alarm.

Milton. Par. L. b. vi. v. 548. Some conceived the recreations (specified in Jas. I. Declaration for Liberty of the Lord's Day, A. D. 1612,) impeditive to the observation of the Lord's Day; yea, unsuitable and unbeseeming the essential duties thereof. Fuller. Church History, b. x. § 59.


His herte he (the iren smyth) shall tyue to the ful ending of the werkis; and his waking (vigilia) shal enourne the inparfitnesse. (L. V. unperfeccioun.)

Wic. Ecclus. xxxviii. 31. Time, which perfects some things, imperfects others. Browne. Christian Morals, pt. i. § 28.

IM-PERSEVERANT, i. e. Unpersevering. For the Sodomites are an example of impenitent, wilful sinners; and Lot's wife, of imperseverant and relapsing, righteous persons.-Bp. Andrewes. Sermon before Queen Elizabeth at Hampton Court, 1594.

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Forsoth it bycaam that such a man were bischop to us, hooly, innocent, inpolute or ful clene (L. V. undefoulid, impollutus) departid fro synful men; and madd hiter than

heuenes.- Wic. Heb. vii. 26.

IM-POOR, v. i. e. Impoverish, qv.

Thom. Neither waves, nor theeves, nor fire,
Nor have rots impoor'd his sire.


Browne. Shepheard's Pipe, Ecl. 3.

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Please you, gentlemen,
The time is unagreeable to this business;
Your importunacy cease till after dinner;
That I may make his lordship understand
Wherefore you are not paid.

Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, act ii. sc. 2.
Had there been taste in water, be it what it might, it
would have infected every thing we ate or drank, with an
importunate repetition of the same flavour.
Paley. Natural Theology, c. xxi.

Well, quod I, this impossession I woll well understand.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.

IM-POTENCE. In Milton, Weakness of mind;
inability to restrain: opposite to strength of mind,
a firm wisdom.

Will he, so wise, let loose at once his ire,
Belike, thro' impotence, or unaware,

To give his enemies this wish, and end
Them in his anger, whom his anger saves
To punish endless.-Milton. Par. L. b. ii. v. 156.
IM-PRESS. 7 See the Quotation from Wats
IM-PRESSEDLY. in v. Malacissant, infra.

IM-PROBITY. In Luke xi. 8, the Vulgate Lat.
Improbitas is in the E. V. rendered unrestfulnesse, in
the L. V. continual axyng, and in var. r. improbite, or
continuel axyng. The M. V. is importunity, from
the Gr. αναδεια.

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Deme, Lord, the (those who) nozende me; out fit thon the impugnende me. (L. V. that fixten azens, expugna impugnantes.)- Wic. Ps. xxxiv. 1, et aliter. Thene cam the sone of God in tyme whã må was vaynThe Golden Legend, fo. 1, c. 2. After cam the lawe of God in whiche he hath ben ouercome of impuissance.-Id. 16. fo. 1, c. 1. IM-PUTE, v. See PUTATIVE.

quysshed of ignoraunce and impuissance.

IN-ABSTRACTED. Not abstracted or with


Names (e. g. Physician) betokening accidents inab stracted betoken not only the accidents themselves, but also together with them subjects whereunto they cleave. Hooker. Ecc. Pol. b. viii. p. 409.


Forget not how assuefaction unto any thing enervates the passion from it; how constant objects lose their hints, and steal an inadvertisement upon us. Browne. Christian Morals, pt. iii. § 10.

IN-BLOW, v. In and blow, qv.

Sothli science or kunnynge inblowith (L. V. blowith, inflat) with pride; charite edifieth.- Wic. 1 Cor. viii. 1.

As (tanquam) I be not to come to you, so summen ben ynblowen with pride (L. V. blowen, inflati); I schal come to you soune, if God schal wylne; and I schal knowe not the word of hem that ben ynblowen with pride, but the vertu.-Id. iv. 19.

IN-BOUND, v. In and bound. See BIND.

On the green banks, which that faire streame inbound,
Flowers and odours sweetly smil'd and smel'd.

Fairefax. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xviii. st. 23.
IN-BOW, v.
In and bow, qv.

And the Lord shal scatere fro Irael the hed and the tail, the inbowen, and the schrewende, in o day. (L.V. crokyng, incurvantes.)- Wic. Is. ix. 14.


Wisdam to his sonus inbrethede lif. (L.V. enspireth, inspirat.)- Wic. Ece. iv. 12.

But as I see, spirit is in men and the inbrething (L. V. enspiring, inspiratio) of the Almyzti ziueth vnderstonding. Id. Job xxxii. 8.

Of thi blamyng, Lord, of the inbrething of the spirit of thi wrathe.-Id. Ps. xvii, 16.

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Prayer is natural in certain cases, and we do at the
mere motion of our natural spirit, and indeliberately, invoke
God and heaven, to help and assist us.

Burnett. Theory of the Earth, b. ii. c. 10.

that thei hadden

Thanne thei yuen to hym (Jacob) alle alyen goddis and he indeluede hem undur an therebynte, that is bihynde the cite of Sichem. (L. V. deluede, infodit.)—Wic. Gen. xxxv. 4.

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IN-DIRECT. Unfairly, unjustly.
He bids you then resigne
Your crowne and kingdome indirectly held
From him the native and true challenger.
Shakespeare. Henry V. act ii. sc. 4.

By indigence of good, by right should hen ben punished.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii.


The figure he made in the field of literature showed the benefit which he had derived from the discipline of Westminster and its indiscipline.

Southey. Life of Cowper, i. 18.

Forsothe the body that is corrumpid greeueth the soule, Fr. Inculpé. and ertheli indwellynge (inhabitatio) presseth doun the wit, many thingus thenkende.-Id. Wis. ix. 15.


He answer'd to them of the demaudes that they made to hym indiscretly.-The Golden Legend, fo. 23, c. 3.


What is the principle of individuation? Or what is it that makes any one thing the same as it was some time before?-Watts. Logick, pt. i. c. 6.


Do you know, said I, what Hieronymus Rhodius has allotted for the summum bonum? I know, says Torquatus, he resolves it into nihil dolere, mere indolence. Can you imagine a greater blessing, said he, than to be free from all manner of pain and trouble (nihil dolere)? For the present-suppose it, said I, will it follow that pleasure and indolence are one and the same? Certainly, indolence is not only a pleasure, said he, but an unparalleled one too.

Cic. De Finibus, by Parker, 1. ii. § 4, Oxford, 1812.

Notable examples to induce the soul to be perpetuel and
most lyght and parfyght.

The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, a. 5.
IN-DUE, v.

The pall (qv.) is an induement, that euery archebyschop
must have.-Fabyan, v. i. c. 221.

INDUSTRY. INDUSTRIAL;-a word of recent introduction; now in common use.


Bow down fro euel and do good; and indwelle in to the world of world (inhabita).- Wic. Ps. xxxvi. 27.

Alle the erthe drede the Lord; of hym forsothe ben togidre moued alle the indwelleris of the world. (L. V. all men enhabityng, inhabitantes.)—Id. Ps. xxxii. 8.


Refusing rest

Till I had seen in holy ground inearthed

My poor lost brother.-Southey. Madoc, § iii.


And if that I, at Loves reverence,
Have any worde ineched for the best,
Doeth therwithall right as your selven list.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iii. v. 1329.
equitare, To ride on or over; to pervade.

God hath so contrived by his infinite wisdome, that
matter thus or thus prepared should by a vital congruity
attract proportional forms from the world of life, which is
every where nigh at hand, and doth very throngly inequi-
tate the moist and unctuous aire.
More. Philosophic Cabbala, c. ii. § 7.


A third glass pierceth still further, still makes new discoveries of stars; and so forwards (i. e. with glasses of higher powers) indefinitely and inexhaustedly for anything we know.-Burnett. Theory, b. ii. c. 11.


Is some knot of riotous slanderers leagued
To infamize the name of the king's brother
With a lie black as hell?

Though all other things
Were subject to the starry influencings,
And bow'd submissive to thy tyranny,

The virtuous heart and resolute mind are free.
Southey. Curse of Kehama, xviii. § 10.
IN-FOLLOWING, s. In and following, qv.

Also after that he dide (fecit) with hym withoute coun-
IN-ECHED. Put in, inserted. See EKE. Skin- seil, and in his infolewinzis shal be undernome. (L.V. be
reprevede in his suings, in insectationibus arguetur.)
Wic. Ecc. xxxii. 22.

Coleridge. Zapoyla, pt. i. sc. 1.

Two loves of benes and bran
Y bake for my fauntes.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4368.
(I shal) confermen fauntekyns.-Id. v. 8452.
He tok a ionket of resshen, and glewide it with glewishe
cley and with picche, and putte the litil faunt with ynne.
(L. V. yong child, infantulum.)-Wic. Ex. ii. 3..
How that he lyeth in clothes narow wounde,
This yonge faunte with chere ful benynge.
Lyfe of our Ladye, fo. vii. c. 2.



Forsothe wickidist Nychanorex, fleeinge aloone, cam to Antioche, hauynge heițist infelicitee, or moste wretchidnesse (infelicitatem) of the deeth of his oost.

Wic. 2 Mac. viii. 35.

Oust that is maad of skynne, if it were infect (L. V. cor-
rupt, infecta) with whijt or reed wemme, it shal be demed
lepre.- Wic. Lev. xiii. 49.


Yet what thou canst attain, which best may serve
To glorify thy Maker, and infer
Thee also happier, shall not be withheld
Thy hearing.-Milton. Par. L. b. vii. v. 116.
IN-FESTER, s. See Cowper in v. Vernal.
IN-FIBULATION. Lat. Infibulare (in and fibula,

a button). Fr. Infibulation, a buttoning, buckling,
or clasping together; also a ringing of the privy
parts. Cot.

Infibulation of females: See in Malthus, a quotation from Abbé Raynal, On the State of the British Isles.


And seith that Do-wel and Do-best
Arn two infinités,

Whiche infinités, with a feith,

Fynden out Do-best.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8294. Whatsoever we imagine is finite; therefore there is no idea or conception of anything we call infinite. No man can have in his mind an image of infinite magnitude; nor conceive infinite swiftness, infinite time, or infinite force, or infinite power.-Hobbes. Leviathan, pt. i. c. 3.

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ING. The term. of our pres. part. and also of nouns substantive; but each having its own distinct Etymological origin. This pres. part. was formerly written an-de or and, en-de or end, as Lov-an-de, or Lov-en-de. Its successor Ing (Lov-ing), seems to have come from a form of the Infinitive in en-ne, or ig-enne, which with to prefixt (as to lufi-enne, to lufigenne) was equivalent to the Latin future participles. Thus, we find the Latin Venturus rendered by the A. S. to com-enne, and in the English of Wiclif-To comynge. Dropping the term. ing, we now write, and so did Wielif, To come. Dropping the prep. to, we now write, and so did Wiclif, Coming.

ING, or The term. of substantives was in comUNG. Smon use in all the Northern Dialects except the Gothic, cotemporaneously with the A. S. Wachter participal termination in ande or ende. states this use to be in forming ss. quæ actionem, aut passionem, rei significant; as Thanc-ung, gratiarum actio: Francis et Alemannis, Auch-ung, augmentatio: Ger. Saml-ung, collectio: and innumerable others, a verbis oriunda.

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