Obrázky na stránke

} To go into; to enter.




IN-NOCENT. And as in Chaucer, unsuspicious, IN-SMITE, v. See To SMITE. There be Monks in Russia, for penance, that will sit a ignorant.

And whan the first campaignye of Judas appeeride, dreed whole night in a vessel of water till they be ingaged with hard ice. --Bacon. Essays. Of Custome.

Ferr be fro me that I deme you to be riftwise ; to the is ynsmyten (incussus est) to the enmyes of the presence of time I faile (as long as I live), I shal not gon awei fro myn

God, that biholdith all thingis.- Wic. 2 Mac. xii. 22. IN-GEM, v. To cover or inclose with gems. innocence (innocentia).- Wic. Job xxvii. 5.

Living topaz! that ingemm'st
Griselde of this (God wot) ful innocent

Lat. Insolens, was sometimes This precious jewel.-- Cary. Dante, Par. xv. 82.

That for her shapen was al this array

used as-not accustomed to, inexperienced; and in To fecchen water at a welle is wente,

Chaucer's Court of Love (quoted in the Dictionary), IN-GO, v. And cometh home as soon as ever she may.

Insolence is Inexperience.

Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8150.
It is ful hard, by myn heed! quod Piers,

For any of sow alle

A man who has a good nose at an innuendo, smells treason The whiche (priest) is not maad ap the lawe of fleischly To geten in-going at any gate there. and sedition in the most innocent words that can be put

maundement, but up vertu of lyf insolible (insolubilis), or Riers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3766. together.-Spectator. No. 568.

that may not be undon.- Wic. Heb. vii. 18. And he (Judas) yngoynge to hir, seith (L.V. entride, ingrediens), Lat me that I goo togidre with thee.


IN-SOUL, o. To have or cause to have a soul;
Wic. Gen. Xxxviii. 16.
As the gentilis, that the Lord dyde awey in thin entre,

to inspirit. Thei seten thin ingoingus, God: the ingoing of my God, so and ze shulen perische, if inobeishaunt (L.V. unobedient, The soul must be informed, insouled, or animated with my king, that is in holy. (L. V. goynge in, ingressus.) inobedientes) je shulen be to the voys of the Lord youre God. the propositions that you put in, or you shall never do any Id. Ps. lxvii. 25.

• Wic.

Deut. viii. 20. good, or get disciples to Christ. IN-GRAFF, v.

J. Taylor. Sermon before the University of Dublin. So the Lat. inserere is rendered

IN-ORGANICAL. by one of Wiclif's followers, referred to in var. r.

I find no organ or instrument for the rational soul; for in IN-SPECT, s. on 1 Tim. vi. 10. Both E. V. and L. V. read Bisett. anything of moment more than I can discover in the crany the brain, which we term the seat of reason, there is not Not so the man of philosophic eye,

And inspect sage: the waving brightness he IN-HESION. See INHERE.

of a beast; and this is a sensible, and no inconsiderable Curious surveys, inquisitive to know

argument of the inorganity of the soul, at least in the sense The causes, and materials, yet unfixed, IN-HILD, v. To pour into. See HILD. we usually so receive it. --Broune. Religio Medici, pt. i. Of this appearance beautiful and new.

Thomson. Ye, (O blissful light) in my naked hertes—sentiment.

Seasons. Autumn, v. 1132. Inhild.-Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. v. 44. IN-PUT, v.

IN-STANT, IN-STANDING. So Wiclif renders IN-JOIN, v. Chaucer writes Joigne, i. e. to warn. And Phtolome entride Antioche, and ynputtide (L. V. the Lat. instans, instant. First, I joigne the, here in penaunce,puttide, imposuit) two dyademes to his hed, of Egipt and

Forsothe instondyng the bering (L. V. whanne the childThat ever without repentaunce Asie.- Wic. 1 Mac. xi. 13.

beryng neizede, instante partu), gemels apereden in the Thou set thy thought in thy loving

If any good be in gentilliesse, it is only that it semeth a wombe.- Wic. Gen. xxxviii. 27. To last withouten repenting. maner of necessity be input to gentilmen, that they shoulden

The whiche sharpli instoondyng. (L. V. whan they conChucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 2355. not rarien fro the vertues of their auncestors.

tinueden scharpli, quibus acriter instantibus.) A new order of restry was obtained for the ringing of

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.

Id.' Judges xi. 5. the five o'clock bell; which occasioned the plaintiffs to

INQUIRE, v. i. e. to call or name.

And al the pople criede to the Lord with gret instaunce bring their bill to injoin the ringing of this bill; and on

(instantia), and mekeden ther soulis in fastingus, thei and motion Lord Chancellor Macclesfield granted an injunction

Now Cantium, which Kent we commonly inquyre. ther wymmen.-11. Judith iv. 8. to stay the ringing until the hearing.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 10, $ 12.
P. Williams. Rep. v. ii. 226.

A re-
Case 67.

INSTAURATION. Lat. Instauratio.

In and rise, qv. newal. See RESTORE.

Ther han in risen azen me wicke witnesses. (L. V. han Both in the intellectual and corporeal world, there are Be not stoically mistaken in the equality nor commuta- rise, insurrexerunt. - Wic. Ps. xxvi. 12.

certain periods, fulness of time, and fixt seasons, either for tively iniquous in the valuation of transgressions.

In thee oure enemys we shal winnewe bi the horn, and some great catastrophe, or some great instauration. Browne. Christian Morals, pt. ii. 8 12. in tbi name we shul dispise inriseris in us. (L. V. hem

Burnett. Theory of the Earth, b. ü. c. 11. INJURE. that risen azen us, insurgentes.)-Id. Ps. xliii. 6.

INSTITUTIONAL. But o thou Jove! O auctour of nature!

IN-RUN, v. IN-RUNNING, S. In and run, qv. Several of his arguments handed down to os prove that Is this an honour to thy dignite, That folke ungilty suffren here injure,

Fro the arwe fleende in dai; fro the nede (negotio, M.V.

our institutional writers were equally familiar to him.

Campbell's Chancellors, iii. 395. And who that gilty is, al quite goeth he?

pestilence) goende in dereness thurs; fro the inrennyng
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b, ii, v. 1018.
(L. V. assailing, incursu), and the myddai deuel.

IN-TACT, adj. Untouched. Now not uncom

Wie. Ps. xo. 6. INKLE.

mon in speech.

IN-SCIENT. Lat. Insciens. Unknowing, ignoWhen people are intimate, we say they are as great as

INTELLECT. two inkleweavers, (who) contract intimacies with each other rant.

(The spirit of wisdom is) manli (humanus), benigne, alle sooner than other people, on account of their juxta-position No defendant could refuse battai) offered; but such as

hauende vertue, alle thingus beholdende, and that taketh in weaving inkle. were too excellent, as the king; or too sacred, as the clergy;

alle intelligible spirits (spirits able to understonde, intelizCowper. To Lady Hesketh, May 6, 1788. or too weak, as women, maimed persons, and children; or IN-LEAD, v.

too inscient, as ideots and lunaticks; or too mean, as vilt gibiles) - Wic. "Wisd. vii. 23.
lains.-N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, c. xxxvii. p. 90.

The heuen intellectuell be thaūgellis, and thaūgellis bē And he inladde them in to the hil of his halewing; the

called heue by ye reaso of dignity, and of their underhil that his rift hond purchaside. (L. V. brouzte hem, in- IN-SCRIBE.

standing.-The Golden Legend, fo. 25, c. 1.

In head, in voice, durit.- Wic. P. lxxvii. 54.

Alle the salmyes, that ben inscriued to hym Danid, per

In body, and in bristles, they became IN-LIGHTEN.

tenen to the sacrament of Crist, for Dauid is seid Crist.

Wic. Ps. Prol. p. 738.

As swine, yet intellected as before. For God that seide the lyst for to schyne of derknessis,


Odyssey, b. x. v. 297. Therfore what other man is understonde in the firste but he hath ynlistid (illusit) in oure hertis to the illuminyng (L.V. listnyng) of the science of the cleerenesse (claritatis) the firste goten, that wrthili inscripcioun sbul not be ne

IN-TEND. In Gordon's Tacitus Ann. b. i. ch. cessarie.-ld. 16. of God into the face of Ihesu Crist.- Wic. 2 Cor. iv. 6.

62, “ Intendency of religious rites,” is super-intenMakynge mynde of you in my preieris ;—the yjen of your IN-SEEK, v. See SEEK.

dency (præditus augurutu). herte inlistened (L. V. listned, illuminatos), that ze 'wite

And because some men's pens of late have ranged into a whiche is the hope of his clepinge; and whiche the richessis

Forsoth it bihoueth a man comynge to God, for to bileue of the glorie of his heritage in Seintis.-Id. Eph. i. 18. for he is, and he is rewarder of men ynseekinge him. (L.V. denyal of the Commons' ancient right in the legislative

power, and others, even to admit the right, both of Lords that seken, inquirentibus.)- Wic. Heb. xi. 8.

and Commons, therein, resolving all such power into that INLY. The wrdis of a groynere, i. e. groaner, (ben) as simple ;


one principle of a King, quicquid libet, licet; so making

the breach much wider than at the beginning, I shall and thei comen thury to the inmostis (L.V. inneste, intima) For which thing ze, casting awey al unclennesse, and

intend my course against both. thingis of the hertes.— Wic. Prov. xxvi. 22. plente of malice, in myldenesse or homelynesse, receive ze

N. Bacon. Hist. Disc. pt. ii. Preface. The swerd of the Lord fulfild is of blod, innerly fattid it

word insent, or ioyned that mai saue joure soules. (L.V.

Go therefore, mighty powers,
is (incrassatus) with the tal; of blod of lambis.
plauntid, insitum.)— Wic. James i. 21.

Terror of heav'n, though fallin; intend at home, Id. ls. xxxiv. 6.

While here shall be our home, what best may ease IN-SET, v. See Set. Right as circles tornen about a same centre, or about a

The present rnisery, and render hell point, thilke centre that is innerest or most within is as it

She monestede eche of hem by voice of contree strongly More tolerable.- Milton. Par. L. b, ü. v. 457. were a centre or a point to that other circles that turnen

fulfillid with wijsdam, and ynsettinge mans ynwitt (inserens)
about him.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv. pr. 6.
to wommans thoušt, saide to hem...

Wic. 2 Mac. viii. 21.



Bot and thei schulen ben ynsett (L.V. set in, inserentur),
Within the gloomy hole of this pale wight
if thei schulen not dwelle in unbileue.-ld. Rom. xi. 23.

The serpent woo'd him with his charms to inn.
G. Fletcher. Christ's Victory on Earth.
IN-SHED, 0. See Shed.

Domitian is believed to have tried by secret inter-agents
Osias risende, the teris inshed (L. V. bisched with teeris,

to corrupt the fidelity of Cerialis.

Gordon. Tac. Hist. b. iv. ch. 86 infusus lacrymis).— Wic. Judith vii. 23. The muscles, with ready and easy toaches, keeping the With beestus and wild beestis thi dwellynge shal be, and

By the inter-agency of Rubrius Gallus the mind of Cæline of innirion, and centre of gravity in due place and

cina came to be shaken.-Id. 16. b. ii. ch. 99. thou shalt ete hay as an oxe, but and (also) in dewe of posture.- Derham. Physical Theology, b. v. e. 2.

benene thou shalt be inshed. (L. V. bished, infunderis.) INTERAIL, or INTERALL, i. e. Entrail, or inside.

ld. Dan. iv. 22. IN-NOBLE.

The naked boys unto the waters' fall,
The courage which is pure and free is disposed to take

Their stony nightingales had taught to call, noblesse or innoblesse indifferently.

We insisting upon the footsteps of their apostasie con- When zephyr breathed into their wat'ry interall. Earl of Wurcestre. Oration of Caius Flammeus, e. 52. tinued in defiance of him.-Barrow, iii. 500. Ser. 43.

G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph on Earth.

INTER-AGENT, s.} One who acts between.



within the limits of the property, which exposes this strong IRK. It is of custome after the lawe of Rome for to interdire natural affection to an annoyance that is lelt to be intole

And of that dede be not erke. and take away the administration of good from them that rable.-Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. i. ch. 7.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4870. do not approue it profitably.

To turn in.

The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, c. 5.
And thei berynge the whete in her assis zeden forth, and

(The kyng) comaundede a constable

To casten hym in irens,

the sak of oon openyd, that he myzt gyue to his beest in
an inturnyng place to rest (L. V. in the yn, in diversorio);

And lete hym noght thise seven yer
The last daie is the ende of myne entresse.
biholdun the money in the mouth of the sak.

Seen his feet ones.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2252. Chaucer. The Balade of the Village.

Wic. Gen. xlii. 27. Be heuene that is aboue thee braasny; and the lond The axe the emblem of having been beheaded, which is

that thou tredist yrony. (L. V. yrun, ferrea.) engraved under those (heads) of the Sir Thoinas Mores, of INVENT, v.

Wic. Deut. xxviii. 23. the Rhaleighs, the Russells, the Sydneys, &c. sheds a real Because a great part of our food is dry; therefore nature IR-RELIGION. dignity and interestingness over their characters. hath provided several glandules to separate this juice (the

The whiche unto wrathe is stirid up on his folc for ther Smith. Moral Sent. pt. vi. 3. spittle) from the blood, and no less than four pair of channels to convey it into the mouth, which are of late inven

irreligiosité (propter irreligiositatem). - Wic. 3 Esd. i. 52. INTER-KNITTE. To knit; to connect toge- tion, and called by anatomists, Ductus Salivales.


Ray. Wisdom of God, pt. ii. p. 311, 4th Ed.

If ony man desyre a byschopriche, he desyrith a good
Here they lerel with a line

werk. "Therfor it' bihoueth a byschop for to be irrepreThe ground plot, and infix the ready piles,

hensyble, or without reproue (irreprehensibilis).

An indurate and invertible conscience :-qy. that cannot Or interknitting them with oziers, weave

Wic. 1 Tim. iii. 2. The wicker wall.--Southey. Madoc, pt. ii. $ 11.

be turned.
Cranmer. See Southey, Book of the Church, ch. xii.

INTER-LOCK, •. To lock, or close fast, one

The sentence irrevocable. This sentence shal neuer be with another.

repelled, ne it may be appeled. Its leaves (the Dionæa muscipola) are jointed and fur- IN-VIOLABLE.

The Golden Legend, fo. 4, c. 2. nished with two rows of strong prickles, their position being

But now Marie hath fonde an ordre newe $0 as to interlock.- Paley. Natural Theology, ch. xx.

IRRITATE, o. Lat. Irritare (of the lower To kepe her clene and inryolate.

IRRITANT. ages), from Ir-ritus, i. e. in

Lyfe of our Ladye, b. 2, c. 2. INTER-MEDIATE.

IRRITATION. ratus; in, neg., and ratus, not There were amongst the antient atomists, who could not IN-WET, o. In and wet, qv.

ratified, invalid; and hence, null, void. Irritation conceive sensations to be thus caused by corporeal effluvia

That invoet (L. V. deppide, intingatur) be thi foot in is somewhere used by Bp. J. Taylor. See IRRI, but only by a pressure on the optick nerve, by rea

blood; the tunge of thin hoondis fro hymn of the enemyes. son of & tension of the intermedious air or ether.

TANT, in Jamieson. To be or cause to be; to renCudworth. Intellectual System, p. 851.

(L. V. be dipped in blood of the enemyes of hym.)

Wic. Ps. lxvii. 24.

der null, void, of no effect. INTER-MIT.

If any thing should come to pass otherwise than it doth, IN-WIT, s. Common in Wiclif. And see OUT- yet God's foreknowledge could not be irritated by it, for Make pleasure thy recreation or intermissive relaxation;

then he did not know that it should come to pass as it wit, Piers Plouhman. not thy Diana, life, and profession.

doth.–Bp. Bramhall's Works, p. 72 (in Todd).
Browne. Christian Morals, pt. ii. & 23.

Esau forsothe fourti wynter olde took two wyues ;
the whiche bothe hadden offended the inuitt of Ysaac and

The states elected Harry, Duke of Anjou, for their King,

with this clause irritant ; that if he did violate any part INTER-NATIONAL. Rebecca. (L. V. soul, animum.)- Wic. Gen. xxvi. 35.

of his oath, the people should owe him no allegiance. The science of public or international law-a study so For which thing, ze men, be of good inuitt, or herte

Hayward. Answer to Doleman (1608), ch. v. (in Todd). congenial to the generalizing and philosophical turn of

(L. V.cuumfort, bono animo); forsothe I bileue to my God, Mr. Mackintosh's thoughts, was a department of jurisprufor so it schal be as it is seide to me.

ISINGLASS. Ger. Haus-blase ; Sw. Hus-blaes, deace which had long peculiarly attracted his attention.

Id. Deeds xxvii. 25; also 22.

Icthyophylla ;-Composed of haus, the name of a
Life of Sir J. Mackintosh, by his Son, ch. iii.
IN-WLAP, o. In and lap, qv.

large tish (the sturgeon) found in the Danube; and INTER-PONIBILITY. Barrow, Math. Lec. x. No man holdinge knižthod to God, inwlappith (L. V. bluse, a bladder; the glutinous matter, called housp. 176. See PONIBILITY and SPACE. wlappith, implicat) him silf with worldli nedis, that he

bluse or isinglass, being extracted from the bladder plese to him, to whom he hath proued him silf. INTER-PROCESSION.

Wic. 2 Tim. ii. 4. of this fish. Pliny says,—" A fish there is, named That this eclyps was causid al to sone

And I seer; and loo! a wynde of tempest, or whirlwynde, Icthyocolla, which hath a glewish skin, and the By her sodeyne introprocessyone.

cam fro the north, and a grete cloude, and fyre imclap- very glue that is made thereof, is likewise called Lyfe of our Ladye, e. 2, c. 2. pynge (L. V. ulappynge in, envolvens), and a schynyng in icthyocolla. Some affirme, the said glue is made of INTER-SPERSE, v. the cumpas of it.-Id. Ez. i. 4.

the belly and not of the skin of the said fish.” (B. As is likewise (to be admired) that particular art, which JOCOSE, See JOKE.

xxxii. ch. 7.) he (Milton) has made use of in the interspersing of all

Icthyocolla, or ising-glass, is also made of the sound of those graces of poetry, which the subject was capable of JOCUND.

our fish (the common sturgeon), as well as that of the receiving.-Spectator, No. 315. And lo! a feeste was to him (Nabal) in his hows, as the others, but the beluga affords the best.

Pennant. Zoology. Common Sturgeon. INTER-TRAFFIC. Traffic of one with another. cundus,) for he was drunken greetli.— Wic. 1 Kings xxv.

feeste of a kyng; and the herte of Nabal was iocrunde, (juTongues might be enricht and perfected by mutuall

ISLE, Isle, is from the Fr. but the s in 36. intertrifique one with another.– Wats. Bacon, Advance

Thorow lyght of vertu invardely joconde,

ISLAND, I Island is an interpolation. Iland is ment of Learning, b. vi. ch. 1.

Only thorowe grace that in her habounde.

the A. S. Ea-land, ig-land; D. and Ger. Ey-land, IN-THRONG, v. To press in. See THRONG.

Lyfe of our Ladye, a. 6, c. 2.

from A. S. Ea ; Ger. Ey, water-and Land. They saw how eastward stretcht in order long,

Not a cloud by day
The happy ilands sweetly flowring lay;

With purple islanded the dark blue deep.
AD how the seas betwixt those iles inthrong,

Southey. Madoc, ; 5; also Thalaba, b. i. $ 2, b. vi. $ 10.

JOIN, v. Is used by Chaucer as injoin, qv. supra.
And how they shouldred land from land away.

Beheld it (a mist) rolling on
Fairefur. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xv. st. 41.

And whanne thei had takun up the ancris, thei bitoken Under the curdling winds, and islanding
His people like a flowing streame inthrong:
hem to the see, to gidere slakinge the ioyntours of gouer-

The peak whereon we stand.
Id. 16. b, xix. st. 37.
nalis (juncturas gubernaculurum).- Wic. Deeds xxvii. 40.

Shelley. Prometheus, act ii. sc. 3.
JOURNEY. The work, the travel, the battle of

With holy water next,
the day.

If the English verse is not isochronous with the Latin, A father went, therewith from hyssop branch,

it must be shorter.-Southey. Pref. to Vision of Judgement. Sprinkling the graves the while, with one accord

If he may be taken by this means, the jorney shall be
The solemn psalm of mercy all entoned.
ours.- Berners' Froissart, v. i. p. 286

ISOLATED. Mr. Todd produces the authority
Southey. Madoc, pt. i. $ 13.

of Warburton for this word, and says that Lord No choristers the funeral dirge intoned.

Id. ib. pt. ii. $ 5.

In the cheek boon of an asse, that is the iow of the colt Chesterfield somewhere uses it; yet the following INTRIGUE, v.

of assis (L. V. the lowere cheke boon, marilla), I have doon quotation from Lord Bolingbroke, shows it was hem awey, and smyten a thousand men.

not in established currency.

“ The events we are His family (Orl. Bridgman) was very ill qualified for

Wic. Judges xv. 16.

witnesses of in the course of the longest life, apthat place, his lady being a most violent intriguess in business.- North. Life of Lord Keeper North, i. 168.

And the Aungel seide to hym, Take thou his gile, either iowe (E. V. fin, marillam), and drawe bym to thee.

pear to us very often original, unprepared, single, Quote in Lord Campbell.

Id. Tobit vi. 4. and unrelative, if I may use such a word for want IN-TRODUCE, o.


of a better. In French, I would say, Isoles." R. The fruyt that brynge forth

C. Barnard, Notes and Queries, Feb. 25, 1854. They that be introducted and enfourmed in sciences and

Arn foule wordes, vertue.- The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, p. 32.

Short, isolated sentences, were the mode in which anIn jelousie joye-lees.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5511. cient wisdom delighted to convey its precepts for the reguIN-TROIT, s. Lat. Introitus (intra and ire). lo; ende I shal iogen in the Lord (gaudens gaudebo), and lation of human conduct.

Warburton. Doctrine of Grace. Preface. A going into.

ful out iozen (ezultabit) shal my soule in my God.

Wic. Is. lxi. 10.

By the introites and entrees of the sonne in to the vii
signes of the yere.

Then round our death-bed every friend should run, The Lord kepe thin entre, and thi issu (L. V. goyng out,
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Carton, d. 7.
And joy us of our conquest early won.

ezitum) fro this and unto the world.
Dryden. Palaman and Arcite, b. iii.

Wic. Ps. cxx. 8. INTRO-MIT, v. IRE.

IT. It's seems of comparatively modern introIt is the constant intromission of the tythe agents or And Saul was wrooth with irefulness. (E. V. wrathproctors with the fields, and the ipsa cor that are fulness, iracundia.)- Wic. 1 Kings xix. 21.

duction: though in Waller (1653) it is admitted




p. 263.


KNA as an established formation. See HER, His; and JUVENILE.

KEY, o. See Piers Plouhman in vv. Keep and second Quotation, infra, in v. Jubilee.

In his juventee this Jhesus

If any peple perfourme that text
At Jewene feeste

It is the pleasure of Telemachus,
It are thise poore peeres.
Water into wyn turnede.

Sage Euryclea, that thou hey secure
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10272.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13167. The doors.-Couper. Odyssey, b. xxi. v. 457.
Which (gate) opened to them by his owne accorde. Joyous and glad that they have escaped and passed the

Acts xii, 10. Bible, 1549, and Mod. Ver. manyfolde peryllys and doubteous aduentures that ben in KICHELL. Dim. of Cake, qv. A goddes kichel, He toke a braunche from a cedre tree, and brake of juvente and yongthe.

because given by godfathers, &c. to godchildren, the toppe of his twigge.

The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, z. 1.

Yeve us a bushel whete, or malt, or rye,
Ezek. xvii. 4. Bible, 1549; also Mod. Ver.

A goddes kichel.
A spacious plain outstretch'd in circuit wide
And whan hooli thingis of Libe, that is Balus, weren

Chaucer. The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7329. Lay pleasant; from his side two rivers flow'd.

Milton. Par. Reg. b. ii. v. 255.

maad solempli, thei weren crownyd with yuy (E.V. ederu),
and weren constreyned for to go aboute with Liber.

So if I kidde any kyndenesse

Wic. 2 Mac. vi. 7. Myn even christen to helpe, One (player at bowls) rubs his itchless elbows, shrugs and

Upon a cruvel coveitise laughs,

Myn herte gan hange. The t'other bends his beetle brows, and chafes.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8807. Quarles, b. i. Emblem x. ITINERANT.

KIDDE, pret. of Kithe, qv. And see Coutu. His labours were not confined to one spot, for he de


Thus was this false treason hid, lighted to itinerate. - Anon. in Southey's Cowper, v. vii.

Whiche afterwards was wide kid.

Gower. Conf. Am. 1. 8, fo. 1823.

KIDNEY. JUBBE, s. A vessel for ale or wine. Tyrwhitt. KALE.

Thei schulen offre twey kydeneris (E. V. reyns, rènes) Good ale in a jubbe.-Chaucer. Milleres Tale, v. 3628. Ac I have

with the futnesse by which the guttis--cleped ylyon-ben With him he brought a jubbe of Malvesie.

Manye cole plaintes. – Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4374. hilid.- Wic. Lev. iii. 4.
Id. The Shipmannes Tale, v. 13000.
KALENDAR. Guide, director.— Tyrwhiti.

There are also, in later times, decrees made by Popes of

another kidney.- Barrow. On the Pope's Supremacy. Herie ye hym in cymbalis sownynge wel; herye ye hym

(Thou) wotest well that Kalender is she in cymbalis of jubilacioun (L.V. huže iozing, jubilacionis); To any woman that wol lover be,

KILL. In Piers Plouhman, Kulle, kille, kulled, eche spirit herye the Lord. - Wic. Ps. cxx. 6.

For she taught all the craft of trewe loving.

killed. And thow shat halowe the fyftith feer, and clepe it

Chaucer. Legend of Good Women, Prol. v. 542.

(The Jewes) contreyveden forzifnesse to alle the dwellers of the loond; for he (the zeer)


To kulle hymn whan thei myghte. is forsothe the jubilee ; a man shal turne ajen to his posses

Piers Prouhman's Vision, v. 11081. sioun, and eche shal turne ajen to his before hadde menye,

Which is the cofre of Cristes tresor,

And kilde ful manye.-Id. lo. 14123 for the jubilee (Jubileus) it is, and the fyftethe

And clerkes kepe the keyes,
Id. Lev. xxv. 10.
To unloken it at hir likyng.

Jubilee, I am inclined to think with Masius and Mi-

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7661.

The hoost made an hidouse cry, chaelis, that it derives its name from the trumpet, and this


And set his hand in kenebowe. from Jubal, a son of Lamech. (See Gen. iv. 21.) Blood may suffre blood,

Chaucer. The Merchantes Second Tale, v. 1105. Geddes on Lev. xxv. 10.

Bothe hungry and acale. JUGGLE.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 12073. KIME, 8. Silly kime, silly fellow, Tyrwhitt, .I kan neither

Therfor be ze repentaunt, and be ze conuertid, that who suggests A. S. Guma. See GROOM. And this Jape ne jogele.--Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8490. youre synnes be do awey, whan the tymes of kelynge, or re- etymology Skinner proposes as most probable of all. The miracles which Jesus did were not the delusions and freischinge (refrigerii) fro the sist of the Lord, schulen

The Emperour yafe the Pope sointime
jugglements of the devil.-Beveridge. P. Thoughts, Art. 2.
come, and he schal sende him that is now prechid to žou,

So highé lordeship him about,
Jesu Crist.- Wic. Deeds iii. 20

That at the last, the sely kime,
KEMB. See Piers Plouhman in v. Card, supra.

The proudè Pope put him out.
It is a pople whiche eten swines fleisch, and unhooli

Chuucer. The Plouman's Tale, v. 2635. iuisch. (Var. r. iwce, iuyshe. E. V. broth, jus.)

He (Raleigh) told me he was wont to keem his head a
Wic.Is. Ixv. 4. whole hour every day before he came to the Tower.

KIN, KIND. In our Litany the kindiy fruits of The venomous ieuse out wrongen, it is likely to enpoy

Sir T. Wilson's Journal, Sept. 21, 1618. the earth are the natural fruits of the earth. senen all tho that thereof tasten.


Wiclif renders, ex naturali oleastro, from the Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii.

Sones, here te the techyng of the fadir, and perceiue ze kyndeli wielde olyue tree; kindeli braunchis, natuJUMENT. See Beast. Lat. Jumentum ; Jugo- that ze kunne prudence." (E. V. knowen, sciatis.) rales rami; agens kynde, contra naturam; and

Wic. Prov. iv. 1. mentum ; a beast for the yoke (jugum). See in

kindeli, adv. naturaliter, and kindeles or kyndelyngis

Also (he brouzte forth) the tree of lyf in the mydle of (see in Dictionary), genimina. Vossius other etymologies.

Paradys, and a tree of kunnyng (scientia) of good and of And make že redy jumentis, or hors ( jumenta), that thei, yuel.-Id. Gen. ii. 9.

Forsothe ze ben a kynde chosun (L. V. kyn, gens), s. pattinge Poul vpon, shulden lede him saf to Felix, Presi

kyngly presthood.--- Wic. 1 Pet. ii. 9. dent. - Wic. Deeds xxii. 24.

KERCHIEF. See Chaucer in v. Call, supra. A

Sotheli what euer thingis thei han knowe kyndely (na

turaliter) as doumble beestis, in thes thei ben corrupt. сар. . JUNIOR.

Id. Jude 10. These souls (in successive production) after they are


KERNELS. Corners or holes of Battlements, once brought forth into being, will, notwithstanding, their Skinner, from Fr. Cornelle, dim. of Corne. A corner.

Crist Kyngene Kynge (of Kings). juniority, continue firmly in the same, without vanishing

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 669. themselves into nothing. But in Chaucer Kernels are by Tyrwhitt said to be

Crist kepe thee, Sire Kyng!
Cwlworth. Intellectual System, b. i. c. 1, $ 34. Battlements.

And thi kyng-ryche.--Id. 16. v. 250.
The walles ben

Thou art become as one of us, they cry,
kernelled with Cristendom.

It was for thee yon kingless sphere has long This crowne was of jonkes of the see (qy. rashes).

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2682.

Swung blind in unascended majesty,
The Golden Legend, fol. 15, c. 4.

Silent alone amid an heaven of
And eke about at the corners,

song IVORY.

Shelley. Adonais. Men seinen over the wall stonde Thi necke is as a tour of yuer. (E. V. an yuerene tour, Gret engins, which ywere nere honde;

KINREST. Explained quiet rest, i. e. kindly eburnea turtis.)— Wic. Song of Solomon, vii.

And in the kernels here and there

rest. Skinner.

Of arblasteres grete plentie were. JURISPRUDENTIAL. This necessary word is

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4195.

By kinrest and masse-day after these seuen werke daies

of trauail.-Chaucer, Test, of Loue, b. i. used by D. Stewart. Diss. i. Enc. Brit.

KERSE, for Kress. Skinner. See Piers Plouh- KISSE. Kisse and Coss are both used by Wiclif. man in v. Card.

Gyue to me a cosse, son myn. He come near and cossed JUROR.

This vailyth nat a karse.

hym. (L. V. kisside.)-Wic. Gen. xxvi. 26. Many a justice and juror

Chaucer. Merchantes Second Tale, v. 239.

For would she of her gentilnesse Wolde for Johan do moore

Withouten more me ones kesse, Than pro Dei pietate.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4555.

KETCH, v. i. e. Catch, qv. And see Quotation

It were to me a grete guerdon. JUST from Chaucer in v. Mucker.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 2610.

Feloun thole sholde


ketch came out from Holland on board their
Deeth or oother juwise (judgment).
admiral.-Clarendon, iii. 459.

They are like kit,

They have but four strings to 'em.
Piers Plouhinan's Vision, v. 12848.

Beaumont and Fletcher. Woman's Prize, act ii. se. I. No man so worthi (to be)

KETCH, i.e. JACK-KETCH. Rd. Jaquette, Lord Over Jewes justice (judge) of the Manor of Tyburn, temp. Edward VI.

KITH. As Jhesus was,- Id. 16. v. 13230.

Fer fro kyth and fro kyn, So that thei shulden foržete the lawe, and shulden KETTLE.

Yvele yclothed (thei) yeden. chaunge the iustifyingis of God (justificationes). What thing of siche thing faln to deeth falle upon it,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10611. Wic. 1 Mac. i. 51. shal be unclene, other forneyses, or ketels (var. r. chetelis.

KNARR. It is not possible (quoth he, Chrysippus) to find any L V. vessels of thre feet, chytro-podes).— Wic. Lev. xi. 35. And the tother of these thingis, that to noon use-a crokid other fountain and originall beginning of justice than from

tree ful of knurres-he makith. (L. V. knottis, verticibus Jupiter and common nature. -Holland. Plutarch, p. 867. KEVER. See COVER.

plenum.)- Wic. Wis. xiii. 13.

His cloke of calabre,
With all the knappes of golde.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4342.
With his knoppede shon,
Clouted ful thykke.-Id. Crede, v. 843.
To the askere me gyueth, and to the knockere me openeth.

Wic. Bib. Jerome, Pref. Ep. p. 74.

KYK policy, which is the most immersed.-Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. ii. and Wats, p. 277.

Aristotle hath observed that those knowledges which are more accurate and abstract from matter, are more accurate, intelligible, and demonstrable (as Arithmetick than Harmonicks).-Cudworth. Morals, b. iv. c. 1.

KONNING, i. e. Cunning, qv. and Con and Ken.


The treason and eke tyme is shape,
So fell that this churlishe knape
Hath lad this maiden where he wolde
Upon the stronde.-Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 181".
If love be serched well and sought,
It is a sickenesse of the thought
Annexed and knedde betwixt tweine.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4814.
Clement the cobelere
: . leyde hym on his knowes.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3192.
Thou schalt seie to hem knelyngli I puttide forth (E. V.
I have throwe doun, prostravi) bifore the Kyng.

Wic. Jer. xxxvii. 26. I have, she seide, & seruaunt, Balam, goo yn to hir, that she bere upon my kneen, and I haue of hir sones.

Id. Gen. xxx. 3.
At once there tho, men mighten seen
A world of ladies fall on kneen
Fore my lady,--Chaucer's Dreame, v. 436.
(He) helde his hondes up and fell on knowe.

Id. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. v. 1202.
This-only to consult how we may best
Receive him, coming to receive from us
Knee-trüute yet unpaid, prostration vile.

Milton. Par. L. b. 5, v. 782.
Knit forth the remenaunt (contere cetera).

Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv. pr. 2.

KORAN. Al koran, The Book. The sacred book of the Mahometans; which, they believe, was dictated to Mahomet by the Angel Gabriel.

Mahomet was content with a character more humble (than that of composer) yet more sublime, of a simple editor. The substance of the Koran, according to himsell or his disciples, is uncreated and eternal; subsisting in the Essence of the Deity, and inscribed with a pen of light on the table of his everlasting decrees.

Gibbon. Decline and Fall, c. 50.

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KYEN. See Cow and KINE.

KYKE, o. To look at, to behold; D. Kücken,
Spectare, inspicere. Kilian.

This Nicholas sat ever gaping upright,
As he had kyked on the newe mone.

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3445.
The folk gan laughen at his fantasie,
Into the roof they kyken, and they gape
And turned all his arm into a jape.- Id. Ib. v. 3839.

Knowledges (the plural) is not uncommon in older writers.

There is a great difference in the delivery of the mothematics, which are the most abstracted of knowledges, and


(Mustapha), requiring him to repair immediately to his But right requires if I resign my own,

I should not suffer for your sakes-alone;
court.- Robertson. Charles V. v. iv. b. ll, An. 1553.
Love's but an ague that's reverst,

The slave without a ransom shall be sent ; Whose hot fit takes the patient first,

It rests for you to give--equivalent.

DELIRACY. Archbishop Sancroft used this That after burns with cold as much,

Dryden. Homer, b. i. word, “ By infancy, lunacy, deliracy,” in a letter As iron in Greenland does the touch. Butler. Hudibras, pt. u. c. 1, v. 656. still existing in his handwriting (Macaulay, v. iv. FELON. FELO DE SE. A suicide; a

selfAWE. 1 (See Full, in Dictionary.) Full of c. 10), but his English is not considered to be re

murderer. Qui sibi ipsi mortem sponte consciscit. AWFUL. S the feeling, or filling with, impressive markable for purity.

Du Cange. of, a feeling or sense of Awe, of fear, of reverence;

A felo de se is he that deliberately puts an end to his own

ELUCUBRATION. and consequently, of submission, of obedience. See

existence, or commits any unlawful, malicious act, the con.

sequence of which is his own death ; as if attempting to kill

All the studious, and particularly the poets, about the in Pericles, Awful king. In King Henry VI. Pt.

end of August, began to set themselves to work; refraining another, he runs upon his antagonist's sword: or, shooting IIL. Awful sceptre. Shakespeare calls the sceptre from writing during the heats of the day. They wrote by at another, the gun bursts and kills himself.

Blackstone. Commentaries, b. iv. P.

189. the attribute to awe and majesty, Merchant of night, and sat up the greatest part of it; for which reason Venice.

the product of their studies was called their elucubrations,

or nightly studies.-Dryden. Persius. Sat. vi. n. 1. FINE. FINALITY came into use during the dis3 Onit. Know then that some of us are gentlemen,

cussions on the Bill for Parliamentary Reform, 1832. Sach as the fury of ungovern'd youth


See SWATHE. Thrast from the company of au full men.

GUT, v. To gut a house; to strip the walls of (She) found more letters sadly pen'd in blood, Shakespeare. Two Gent. of Verona, fo. 327, act iv. sc. 1.

all within them. Macaulay says this expression With sleided silk feat, and affectedly Rich We thought oureselfe thy lawfull king; And if we be, how dare thy joynts forget

Ensuath'd, and seal’d to curious secresy.

first came into use in the year 1688, during the To pay their au full duty to our presence?.

Shakespeare. A Lorer's Complaint.

riots in London immediately after the flight of Id. King Richard II. fo. 36', act iii. sc. 3.

James the Second.

EQUIVALENT, s. Is said by Macaulay to have BRIBE, v. i.e. to steal. A bribed buck is a stolen been introduced from France, on the occasion (in

IDIOSYNCRACY. Swift, in his Letter to a buck.

the year 1687) referred to in the following quota- | Young Clergyman, cautions him against the use in Fal. Divide me, like a brib'd-bucke, each a haunch. tion from Halifax.

his sermons of such words as idiosyncracy, ubiquity, Shakespeare. Merry Wives of Windsor,

Thus after Whig, Tory, and Trimmer have had their fo. 591, act v. s. 5.

entity, and of others less abstract, as above the time, now they are dead and forgotten, being supplanted CHIAUS. See Chouse, in Dictionary.

by the word equivalent, which reignetb'in their stead. If comprehension of his congregation.
you will take away the oaths and tests, you shall have as

KRESS. See KERSE, supra.
As soon as he (Solyman the Magnificent) joined his good a thing for them. This put into a fashionable word
army near Aleppo, and had concerted measures with Rus- is now called an equivalent.--Halifax (Marquis of). Ana- So truely their might is not worth a cresse.
tan, he sent a Chiaus, a messenger of the court, to his son tomy of an Equivalent. Miscellanies, pp. 167, 8.

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. fo. 301?. 59



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