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Caton commendeth labourage in tyllyeng sowyng lande and settyng of trees. - The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Curton, 1481. And see in vv. Approve, Loathe-Quotation from same. LACERATE.
Southey. Joan of Arc, b. viii. v. 354. LACERT, s. Fr. Lacerte. A fleshy muscle; tearmed so because it hath (as a Lizard) a long tail.
The pipes of his longes gan to swell,
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2755.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, F. 6144. What is fouler than folke wrongfully to ben praised, or by malice of the people giltlesse ben lacked?
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. Lackyng comith more ofter by the vices and outragyousness of yong age than it comith by the vices of old age.
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton. LADY. Agar, the hand mayden of Saray, whens comyst thow, and whithir gost thow? The which answeride, Fro the face of Saray my ladi (domina) I flee.- Wic. Gen. xvi. 9.
Sores are not to be anguishid with a rustic pressure; but gently stroked with a ladied hand.-- Feltham. Resolres, 8.
LAINER. And Abram answerde to hym, Y reyse myn hondis to the hiz Lord God, Lord of Heuene and of erthe, that fro the threde of oof (woof) til to the layner of the hose (E. V. garter, corrigiam), I schal not take of alle thingis that ben thine.- Wic. Gen. xiv, 23.
LAIR. And for she was her fathers heir Full well she was ycond the leir Of mickle courtesy:-Drayton. Pastorals. Eclogue 4.
LAIT, s. d. the three first lines, and r.-From Ger. Laden, D. Laden; invitare, or rather from the Lat. Allecture, freq. of Allicere, to allure, to entice.
LAKE. Sw. Log; Sc. Loch; Ir. Lough. The general meaning-anything hollow.
Theuelich Yam hadde awey fro the loond of Hebrew, and here an ynnocent Y am sent into a laak. (L. V. prisoun, in lacum.) – Wic. Gen. xl. 15.
The sacred flowers that crown The lakelet with their roseate beauty.
Southey. Curse of Kehama, xiii. $ 6. LAMB. Al outward lamben semen we Full of godenesse and of pite.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7016. LAME. He made lame to leap And yaf light to blynde.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13201. LAMINATED. See LAMELLAR.
LAMPREY. Wiclif renders the Lat. Muranula, oure Lord Kyng Dauid, seiynge God more large (L. V. “ Golden ourenementis lijk Laumpreis.”
make large, amplificet) the name of Salomon up on thi
name, and magnifie the trone of him upon thi trone. LAND. Piers Plouhman has the Compounds
Wic. 3 Kings i. 47. Lond, leperis-heremytes, i. e. Hermits who leap or
The enhauncing of eten is the larging (L. V. alarging,
dilatatio) of the herte.-Id. Prov. xxi. 4. ramble over different Lands. And Land buggeres,
And the Lord thi God shal make thee to be plenteuous i. e. Land buyers.
in alle the werkis of thin hoondis, in the progeny of thi And Judas seez, and his bretheren, for yuels ben multi- woomb, in the fruyt of thi beestis, in plenteuouste of thin plied, and the oost appliede or londide at the coostis of hem erthe, and in largyte of alle thingis. (L. V. largeness, (applicabant). - Wic. 1 Mac. iii. 42.
largitate.)-Id. Deut. xxx. 9. Arrived ben these Christen folk to londe
Now wif, he said, and I foryeve it thee, In Surrie, with a gret solempne route.
But by thy be ne no more so large, Chaucer. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4806. Kepe bet my good.-Chaucer. March. Tale, v. 1336. He (Perkin Warbeck) had been from his childhood such They slepen, til that it was prime (full prime) large. a wanderer, or, as the king called him, such a landloper, as
Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10674. it was extreme hard to hunt out his nest and parents.
Bacon. Henry VII.
LAS, LAAS, i, e. Lace, qv.
LAS, i, e. Less, qv.
LAST. In Chaucer, Prioresses Prologue, God
plains—Ever so great a weight. Whanne the sunne wente doun, alle that hadden sike Als longe as oure lyf lasteth men with diuerse langwischingis (L. V.langours, langoribus)
Lyve we togideres.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2471. ledden hem to hym; and he, puttinge hondis on eche by Alle thes weren dwellinge, or lastinge togidere (L. V. him silf, heelid hem.--Id. Luke iv. 40.
lastingli continuynge, perseuerantes) in preier, with wymThus as an oxe to thy langoring death were thou drawen.
men, and Marie, the moder of Jhesu, and with his britheren. Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.
Wic. Deeds, i. 14. These erils-the most important health,
And thei ben false and traitorous, and lasten noght that That of the mind, destroy; and when the mind
they behoten.-Sir John Mandeville. H. Wedgwood. They first invade, the conscious body soon In sympathetic languishment declines.
LATCHE, v. Love that he may not latche.Armstrong. Art of Health, b. iv. Gower; i. e. Catch, cannot win. Skinner says, that LANK.
he cannot dismiss—Love inextinguishable. For who would not refuse
As Ouid in his boke recordeth Grief's company, a dull and raw-bon'd spright
How Polyphemus whilom wrought,
Of loue, whiche he maie not latche.
Gouer. Conf. Am. b. ii. fo. 27; pt. ii. c. 2. LANTERN. Lanthern Jaws; i.e. Jaws so lank
LATE. and thin as to serve for a lantern.
His goyng ont is maad redi at the morevetid, and he Being very lucky in a pair of long lanthorn jaws, he
schal come as a reyn to us, which is timeful and lateful to wrung his face into such an hideous grimace, that every
the erthe. (E. V. late, serotinus.) feature of it appeared under a different distortion.
Wic. Hos. vi. 3; also James v. 7. Addison. Spectator, No. 173. I lent him a lick in his lanthorn jaws, that will him remem
And sith thow (Lord) spak to thi seruannt, Y am of a
more latsum (L. V. lettid, impeditioris), and more slow ber, I warrant him.--Foote. Englishman in Paris, act i. sc. I.
tonge.-Id. Ex. iv. 10. LAP.
With lacoures of latun
Loveliche y-greithed.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 389. Er for thurst deide.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13962. In life-time his picture was made in latyn, the which is The Lord seide to Gedeon, Thilke that with hoond, and
still there.-Berners' Froissart, v. ü. p. 70. with tonge lapen the watris, as houndis ben woned to lape (lambere), thou shalt seuere hem aside.- Wic. Judges vii. 5.
Fro the wyndow of myn hous bi the latijs (per cancellos) LAPWING. Wic. renders the Lat. Upupa, the
I bibelde.- Wic. Prov. vii. 6. Lap-wync. Lev. xi. 19.
LAUD. LAQUEARY, s. Lat. Laqueus, a noose. See
For not al only, thy laude precious ILLAQUEATE.
Parfourmed is by men of dignitee, Therein (ourselves) our inward antagonists, not only like But by the mouth of children. common gladiators, with ordinary weapons and downright
Chaucer. The Prioresses Tale, v. 13385. blows make at us, but also like retiary and laqueary combatants, with nets, frauds, and entanglements, fall upon us. LAUGH, v. Very variously written. See Bale in Browne. Christian Morals, pt. i. $ 24.
v. Toy. LARBOARD, s.
And Sara seide, The Lord hath laving maad to me He had on his steereboord Denmark, and on his leere- (L. V. leišynge, risum), and who so euer shal here shal boord the maine sea.--Hack. Voyages. Voyage of Octher.
with lawe to me. (L. V. leize with me, corridebit.)
Wic. Gen. xxi. 6. LARGE, v.
Til thi mouth be fillid with leister (risu; E.V. lazhing), And the seruauntis of the kyng good yn, blessiden to and thi lippis with hertli song.-Id. Job viii. 21.
A feithful frend (is) lechyng (L. V. medicyn, medicamen-
Id. 16. vi. 16. LAUND. See LAWND. and it shal not stonde.- Wic. Job viii. 15.
LEES. See LEASH,
covered as a lean-to, all round this inner apartment. LEFT. In Spenser, Faerie Queene, b. i. c. viii.
Defoe. Robinson Crusoe.
v. 10, “ He smott off his left arme," left is opposed LAVE, v. See Quotation from Piers Plouhman LEAP. in v. Latten, supra.
to right. In st. 18,“ In one alone left hand," left This leep or spryngynge was grete that Jhesus Cryst made fro therthe to henene.
is the right, that being the only one left. LAW. Used prefixed to giver, maker, &c.
The Golden Legend, fo. 24, c. 2.
If thei ben as thei sholde,
Legistres of bothe lawes. lawe breche (pravaricationem), or trespassing azeyns the Came lepande to me hustily.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4191. lawe.- Wic. Is. i. 5.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1928.
But amonge legystres there dare I not come, my doinge Ne thou hast herd, ne thou hast knowe, ne sithen opened Yet was he forst alwayes from laws to lope.
they saine maked her nedie. is thin ere; I wol forsothe, for lawe breking thou shalt
Guscoigne. Fruites of Warre, $ 52.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i. law breke (prævaricans prævaricabris), and a trespasere
LEGATE. fro the wombe I clepede thee.-Id. Ib. xlviii. 8.
Aftirward sothli we hadden fadris of our fleisch, lerneris
Forso the he herd that Jewis ben cleepid of Romayns Lo! heze (is) God in his strengthe, and noon to hym lic(var. r. lereris, L. V techeris, eruditores), and we with reue- frendis, and felawes, and bretheren, and for thei resceyuyin lawe ziueris. (L. V. gyueris of lawe, legislatoribus.) rence dreden hem.- Wic. Heb. xii. 9.
den the legatis of Symount gloriously (legatos),
Wic. 1 Mac. xiv. 40. As of the secte of which that he was borne,
The common word in
In the midst of all my endeavours, there is but one Sussex and Kent. He kept his lay (law) to which he was y-sworne.
thought that dejects me, that my acquired parts must Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10332. And who so helpeth me to erie
perish with myself, nor can be legacied among my honoured Ther comen also ful many subtil flaterers and wise ad
friends.-Browne. Religio Medici, pt. ii. $ 3. vocats lerned in the lawe.--Id. The Tale of Melibeus. Shal have leave If he ne may not liven chast his lif, To lese here in harvest.
LEGEND, v. Take him a wif with gret devotion,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3928. Yet some of these perhaps by others are legended for Because of leful procreation
Ne in thi vyne zeerd the reysonus and cornes fallynge great saints.-Milton. History of England, b. ii. Of children.-ld. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9322. down thow shalt not gedere, but to pore men and pilgrimes
LEGER, ad. to ben lesid thou shalt leeve. (L. V. gauerid, carpenda.)
From Fr. Legier, léger, light, leight, It is a perversion of language to assign any law, as the
Wic. Lev. xix. 10. &c. efficient, operative, cause of any thing. A law presupposes an agent ; for it is only the mode according to which an
It is weakness and dis-esteem of a man's self, to put a agent proceeds; it implies a power, for it is the order Tel me no tales,
man's life upon such ledgier performances. according to which that power acts. Ne lesynge to laughen of.
Bacon. Charge against Ducls, fo. London, 1670. Paley. Natural Philosophy, c. xxiii.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2113.
I passed the narrow seas with Sir Edw. Stafford, her v. Law, supra.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3904.
Majesties careful and discreet ligier.
Hackluyt. Voiages. Dedication. LEASOW. LAY.
LEGGE. To lay.
Hadde nevere lewede man leve
To leggen hond on that cheste.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7672. ('Thou hath) also many craftise men, masouns, and Lazar out fette.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12610.
I dare legge myne eris.-Id. 16. v. 4338.
There ought to be a difference made between coming
In Prechoures hertes
out of pupillage, and leaping into legislatorship. liggeris) of stoons.-Id. 1 Esd. vi. 7.
Lurd Halifax (in Todd). Than there lofte in Lucifere, And next was painted Covetise, Or be were lowe fallen.-Id. Creed, v. 745.
LEGIST. That eggeth folk in many a gise
See LEGAL. To take and yeve right nought again,
Preye ze the Lord, that the thundres of God and the LEGIELEIAN. S And grete tresours op to laine.
hawle (hail) leeuen of (L.V.ceese, desinıt), and I shall leten Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 184. zou (delyuere), and ze shulen dwelle here no more.
Wüc. Er. ix. 28. For it (the robe) full wele
The Kynges sone also, which was legytyme, was more With Orfries laied was every dele.-ld. Ib. v. 1076. Lya felyng that she had laft for to bere children, she noble.— The Golden Legend, fo. 17, c. 2. I wyll the no thynge layne (i.e. conceal, Dyce) (lay hid).
took to the husboond Zelpha, hir handmayden.
Id. Gen. xxx. 9.
Grete lesir hadde she (poverty) to quake.
Chuucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 462. may not be eerid, ne ropun.-Id. Ib. xlv. 6. Shakespeare. King Henry VI. Pt. 11. act v. sc. 2.
And so the Kyng of Sodom and of Gomor turneden backis LEND. Can no one judge a picture, but who is himself a layer of colours !-Shaftesbury. Miscel. 5, c. ii. v. 3, p. 279.
and fellen there: and tho that laften (remanscrunt) flowen For lent nevere was lif (i. e. life never was given), to the hil.- Id. 16. xiv. 10.
But lifiode were shapen, LEA.
But Y wote, that the Kyng of Egipte shal not tyue zow Wher-of or wher-fore And bad hym holde hym at home
leve that zegoon, but bi strong hoond. (L. V. delyuere, Or wher-by to libbe.-Piers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 8983. Apd erien his leyes.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4477. ne dimittet ut eatis.)-1d. Er. ii. 19.
I wolde have lengthed his lif.
Accordeden to love, and laften vice alle dayes at whiche thei lesewiden flockis at hem. (E.V.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12683. Of hate.-Chaucer. Legend of Good Women, Prol. v. 168. fedden, parimus.)-Wic. 1 Kings xxv. 16. And Is. xxxii. 14, Lesewe of flockis (pascua gregum).
His lord wel coude he plesen, subtilly,
To yeve and lene him of his owen good,
And have a than.-Chaucer. Prologue. The Rere.
Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12483.
LENT. Lenten shute (suit). Clothes suited to LEAD.
the season of Lent. The seconde lesson Robin redebreste sang;
Who can read And sonys that weren on the heez rocke weren leeders to
Hail to the God and Goddes of our lay! hem (duces). - Wic. 1 Mac. iv. 2.
In thy pale fuce, dead eye, and lenten shute,
The liberty thy ever giving hand
Hath bought for others? - Beaumont and Fletcher. The chares and rydyng men (currus et equitem), and ther was
Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 1382.
Honest Man's Fortune, act iv. sc. 1. maad the cumpanye not a little.-Id. Gen. 1. 9.
LEDEN, s. He woll himself suspecious make,
LEOS, s. I
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7917. Ac so soone so the Samaritan
Hadde sighte of this leode, LEDES, s. People, tenants, vassals. Tyrwhitt. He lighte a-doun of Lyard. LEAF. LEAVE, v. To bear leaves. G. Fletcher See LAY, PEOPLE.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11497. writes Leavy, usually Leufy.
And all myn other purchases
For leos, peple in English is to say. (Had she) the leef torned Of landes and of ledes,
Chaucer. The Seconde Nonnes Tale, v.15574.
Chaucer. Coke of Gamelyn, v. 122.
And the beest whom I size was lijk to a parde, or & lilockis.- Wic. 2 Esd, ii. 14.
LEECH, u. Goth. Leik, leikinon; A. S. Læce; pard (pardo).- Wic. Apoc. xiü. 2.
He (the Lord) dryed (the Reed See) to the tyme that Dead boues and skulls were cast, and bodies hanged were.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11009.
we weren ouerpassed, that alle the puple of loondis mist G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph on Earth.
Who shal lechen (L. V. do medecyn) to the enchauntere leeren (L. V. lurne, discant) the moost strong hoond of che Shaking at every wind their leavy spears.-Id. 16. smyten of the eddere.- Wic. Eccius. xii. 13.
Lord. -- Wic. Josh. iv. 25. 62
ledge, who had but the faculty so to alter the structure of crescat ut pluvia doctrina mea.)-1d. Deut. xxxii. 2.
Who can reheroe bright As sonne or leuene,
his eyes,--that one bense,-as to make it capable of all the
several degrees of vision, which the assistance of glasses So ofte sent doun to the fro henene. LESEWE. See LEA.
Lyfe of our Ladye. Carton, b. 6, c. 1. (casually at first lit on) has taught us to conceive.
Locke. Essays, b. ii. c. xxiii. $ 13. LESS. Term most usually applied to subs.; LEVIATHAN.
LIGHT. sometimes to verbs: as, Dauntless, fadeless, quench- Whether thou maist drawen out Leuyethan with a hoc, Wasshe yow wel therinne less. See Ihre, in v. Los. and with a corde shalt thou binde his tongue.
And ye shal lepe the lightloker
Wic. Job xl. 20. And the mesure of tyles that thei before maden fe shulen
Al your lif tyme.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3644. pot opon hem, and ze shulen not lassen eny thing. (L. V. Darest thou drawe out Leuyathan with an angle or bind And eftsone I seie to fou, it is lizter or eysier, a camel abute, minuetis.)— Wic. Er. v. 8. his tonge with a snare.–Bible, 1549.
for to passe thorw; a nedelis eize, than a riche man to enter And the beestis of hem he lasside not. (L. V. made not
LEVY. Light, &c.
into the kyngdam of Henenes.- Wic. Matt. xix. 24. lesse, non minorarit.)-Id. Ps. cvi. 38. Your Grace shall have but a leve wey to Parys.
And thur; listhed (L.V. listnesse, facilitate) of her fornyTher is lassing (L. V. makyng lesse, minoratio), and ther
cacioun defoulede the lond.-Id. Jer. ii. 9. is, that fro mecnesse shal rere the hed.
Wolsey. State Papers, i. 45.
Forsoth whanne I wolde this thing, wher I uside liftnesse ? I. Ecclus. xx. 11.
Syr Thomas Wage caused Syr Hewe Spēcer to be fast (L.V. unstidfastnesse, numquid levitate usus sum??
boud on ye best and leuiest hors of al ye host. And in the gettyng he hath suche wo,
Id. 2 Cor. i. 17.
Berners' Froissart, v. i. ch. 12.
It is light (easy) to knowe.
Chaucer. Assemble of Foules, v. 553. For to encrese, and not to lesse.
And so it bifelle, that Antiochus aftir the flizt loodly Whiche Venus), I praie, alwaie saven us,
LEY. See LEA.
Id. House of Fame, b. i. v. 467.
LIGHT. Written leite (See THUNDER), and
LEYE (Light). See FOSTER, Piers Plouhman, leyte, by Chaucer.
A white wall although it ne brenne not fully with stick-
Chaucer. The Persones Tale. when the whole of that is equal, or the same, with part of
use. It was introduced into Johnson by Todd, this.-Barrow. Mathematical Lectures, lec. xiii. p. 231. without example; nor is there any in the Dic
LIGHT. For LIGHTER, one who lights or enlighttionary. There is now (July 1855) a Bill before ens, see the Quotation from The Golden Legend LEST. See List. the House of Commons " On Limited Liabilities.
in v. Illumine. LET.
And the Lord gaf thundres, and hawle, and dynersly LIBAMENT.
ronnyng leytis (fulgura) upon the erthe.- Wic. Ex. ix. 23. (The fader) loked on us with love, And leet his sone dye And thei pattiden there the odour of swetnesse, and
Y shal keuere the sunne with cloude, and the mone shall Mekely for our misdeedes,
sacrifieden her libaciouns (that ben of fletyng things as not zyue his lizt. Y shall make alle listmakers (L.V. list Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 792.
wiyn, oyle, and siche). (L.V. offriden her moiste sacrifices, queris, luminaria) of heuen for to mowrne upon thee, and Preye ze the Lord, that he do awey frogges fro me, and libaverunt libationes. - Wic. Ez. xx. 28.
Y shall gyue derenessis upon thi loond, seith the Lord fro my puple; and Y shal lat the puple (delyuere, dimit
She toucht his eyelashes with libant lip
God.-Id. Ez. xxxii. 8. tan) that thei sacrifye to the Lord.
And breath'd ambrosial odours, o'er his cheek
And he ladde hem thennes in the cloude of the day, and Wic. Ex. viii. 8; also 29. Celestial warmth diffusing.-W. S. Landor Gebir. al nyzt in the listnyng (illuminatione) of fyr.
Id. Ps. lxxvii. 14. Eftsones he lete out of the arke a culver (dimisit). LIBIDINOUS. Id. Gen. viii. 10.
By thi rizthond, and thin arm, and the listing (L. V. Therfor sche let hem doun (demisit) fro the wyndow bi a
We rede of Sardanapalus, that for his lecherye and libi- liztning) of thi chere, for holli thou toke plesure in hem. dinosite fell into Hell.
Id. Ps. xliii. 4. corde.-ld. Josh. ii. 15.
Skelton. 3 Fooles. Voluptuousness. A pore man and a creansour, metten togidere: of ether Now lette (leave) we this mayden here.
the liztnere (illuminator) is the Lord.-Id. Prov. xxix. 13. Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 1822. Thanne had wit a wif
The ristwisnesse of the Lord (is) enene (recta), gladende LET, v. Was hote Dame Studie,
hertis; The heste of the Lord (is) liştsum, liztende ejen, I may no lenger lette, quod he, That lene was of lere
Id. Ps. xviii. 9. And lyard he prikede.
And of liche bothe.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5599.
LIGHTNING, s. See the Quotation from Wic. It is do forsothe, that the puple of the lond sholde lette All thilke night.-Chaucer.' The Knightes Tale, v. 2960. in v. Inlight, Illumination. (impediret) the hondis of the pople of Jude, and disturben hem in bilding.-Wic. 1 Esd. iv. 4.
LIKE. He woke, and told his felaw what he met, (Thei) coveiten noght
And as je wolen that men doen to fow, and do to her in And prilied him his viage for to let,
For no likerous lif-lode
lyk manere (similiter). — Wic. Luke vi. 32. As for that day, he prayd him for to abide.
Hire likame to plese.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 59. For if ony mon is herer of the word, and not doer, this Chaucer. "The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 15090.
LICTOR. And in she goth withouten longer lette,
shal be comparsound or likned (comparabitur), to a man
biholdinge the cheere of his birthe in a myrrour; sotheli And to the markis she her fader fette.
And whanne the day was maad, the magistratis senten he biheld him selfe, and wente, and anoon he forgat what Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8176. littouris that ben mynistris of ponysching.
maner he was.--Id. James i. 23. LETHARGY.
Wic. Deeds, xvi. 35.
Forsothe he seid also to hem a liknesse (similitudinem). LID.
Id. Luke v, 36. He so doats, as she had dropt Some philtre in the cup, to lethargize Her lidless Dragon eyes.
For ellis it wole as likyngli be applied to falsnesse as to The British blood that came from Owen's veins.
Coleridge. Ode on the Departing Year, 5 viii. treuthe: and it hath disseyued grete men in oure daies, bi
ouer greet trist to her fantasies.-Id. Is. Prol. p. 226. LETHE. And for thi lesynge, Lucifer,
For to his lordship none is liche.
Chirucer. The Plowman's Tale, v. 3048.
Thou likenest it (woman's love) also to wild fire, Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5979.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12893.
The more it brenneth, the more it hath desire
To consume every thing, that brent will be. so oft falleth the lethy water on the hard rock till it haue ze maden leisyngli the herte of the inst_man for to through pearsed.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii. mourne. (L. V. falsli, mendaciter.)– Wic. Ez, xiii. 22.
Id. Wif. of Bathes Prol. v. 5955. Ar. Pardon me, Julius, heere was't thou bay'd, brate
And thei profecien in my name liendly. (L.V. falsli.) She stode alway with poor and riche,
Id. Jer. xxvii, 15.
That at a word was none her liche.
Id. Dreme and Squieres Tale, v. 10375, 6. Siga'd in thy spoyle, and crimson'd in thy lethee.
And hope the hostilers man shal be,
LIKE, v. It liketh me, i. e. it pleaseth me. See The proudest nation that great Asia nurs'd
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11599. Wiclif, in v. Lief, leueful.
Madame Mercy, quod I,
Chaucer. The Persones Tale. Me liketh wel youre wordes.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 546. ward. To be stolen, filehed or purloined away.
Lest peragenture God foržete thee in the siste of hem, And a ryuer zede out fro the place of likyng to moyste
and thur: thi bisynesse gretli maad foul repref thou suffre. Paradis. (E.V. of delice, voluptatis.)- Wic. Gen. ii. 10. Cot. From Fr. lever, to lift, qv.; and Shop-lift. A and haddest lewere not to be born (maluisses), and the dai And if you liketh alle by on assent cant term on the race-course. of thi birthe thou curse. - Wic. Ecclus. xxiii. 19.
Now for to stonden at my jugement ... Lerant me, but he got enough last night to purchase a Lo! he (Abram) seith, thin hond-maydyn is in thin
But be mery,-smiteth of my hed. hond; use hir as it is leueful. (L. V. it likith, libet.)
Churucer. principality.-Foote. The Minor, act i.
The Prol. v. 779.
ld. Gen. xvi. 6. I wot no Lady so liking-(pleasing). LEVE. Though I use terms of art, do not injure me so much, as
Id. Rom. of the Rose, v. 868. Lete thou in oure Louerd God,
to suspect I am a lawyer; I had as lief be a Scotchman. Your liking is that I shal telle a tale. That al the world wrought.
Junius, i. 312. Woodfall's Edition.
1. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12389. Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 158.5. LIEU.
And or (ere) I came to his Court I had been in many Thes thingis herd, and the Lord to mych leueful (L. I. That is lieutenant to loken it wel, &c.
courts of kynges, dukes, princes, erles, and great ladyes, bileuyde orer myche, nimium crrdulus), to the wordis of the
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10889.
but I never was in none that so well tihed me. wijf was ful wrothe.- Wic. Gen. xxxix. 9.
Berners' Fruissart, v. ii. p. 72. LIGHT, v. ALIGHT, v. Thanne whether leundle (L.V.leurful, credibile) it be that
LIMB. the Lord dwelle with men on erthe.--Id. 2 Pur. vi. 18. (The Samaritan) lighte adown of lyard.
And the skin of the onst (heing) drawun of, the greet
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11498. lemes (L.V. membres, artus) thei shulen kit in gobetis. LEV FUL. See Lier. How much would that man exceed all others in know
Wic. Lev. i. 6.
Milton. Pur. L. b. vi. v. 350.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5538.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, i. 353.
Savage. Wanderer, canto i.
Chaucer. Coke of Gamelyn, v. 1113. LINE. (The clergy were) intent upon all occasions not to feed their flock, but to pamper and well line themselves.
Milton. History of England, b. iii.
Lif that ay shal laste
Lyfe of our Ladye, g. 7, c. 1.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. 5, v. 1481.
Shukespeare. As You Like It, act ii. sc. 3. LING. Dele, line 13, from “In A. S. &" line 22,“ portion "-And read
It always denotes long-ing or pertaining; and from being applied to progeny or offspring, has the force of a diminutive,-used to designate the added circumstance of pertaining or belonging, of being connected with or dependent upon, derived or deduced from.
And dele in last line—“ Also, &c."
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1600. (He) beheld the boy divine his growing strength Against some shaggy lionet assay.
Southey. Don Roderick, $ xvi.
Like the young lionet
Id. Joan of Arc, b. X. v. 382.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 425. Forsothe the erthe was of oo lip and of the same wordis. (L.V. langage, labii.)— Wic. Gen. xi. 1.
LIQUID. Before lines 15 and 16, read
To Liquidate-Low Lat. and It. Liquidare, Fr. Liquider, Sp. Liquidar. We owe this word (Du Cange) to the Italians ;-who were our teachers in keeping mercantile accounts. Generally
To make clear or manifest-sc, any thing doubtful or difficult; e. g. an account-to ascertain its correct amount; and further, to clear it off, to discharge, to settle.
And liquidated damages, are damages whose amount is ascertained.
LIQUOR. Wiclif renders Libatio and Libamen, sacrifice of Licour. M. V. drink offering.
LISS, i.e. Bliss.
As a brid to heze thingus ouerfleende, and a sparewe whider him liste (quo lilet) goende.- Wic. Prov. xxvi. 2.
Dido, and hire nicè lest (foolish passion),
Chuucer. House of Fame, b. i. v. 287.
seid, not to schewe God as wel to men willinge, as to pro
fite to men aloothing. (L.V. hem that ulaten.) And in thir (the Planets) motions harmonie divine
Wic. Prol. to Luke. So in Prol. to Deedis. So smooths her charming tones, that Gods own ear Listens delighted.-Milton. Pur. L. b. 5, v. 627.
Who seith to the vnpitous (impio), thou art rijtwis, paples
shal cursen to hym, and lynages shal wlaten hym. (Liv. LITE, i, e. Little.
hold hym abhominable, detestabuntur.)— Id. Prov. xxiv. 24. Werkmen were agast a lite.
Ete til it go out bi zoure nosethirlis, and turn intowlatyng. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8569.
(E.V. foaming, nauseam.)- Id. Num. xi. 20. LITERAL.
And al Yrael braken thi lawe, and bowiden awey, that
thei herden not thi voice, and cursse droppide on us, and These prejudices when they do prevail are certain utterly wlatyngnesse. (L.V.wlatyng, detestatio.)-Id. Dan. ix. 11. to destroy the higher and more valuable parts of this literate Thei schal be abhominable and wlatsum to 30u. (E.V. and liberal profession.—Sir J. Reynolds. Disc, vi.
cursid, execrandum.)-1d. Lev. xi. 11. LITH,
To worship God, men would wlate Thre leodes in oon lyth,
Both on euen, and on morowe.
Chaucer. Thre persons in one body.
The Plowman's Tale, v. 3039. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11170.
Thou art so lothly, and so olde also, LITIGATE.
And therto comen of so low a kind.
Id. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6662. Amoneste hem for to be not litygious (litigiosos), or ful
I demaunde (of you) if the olde age of such as delited of chiding.– Wic. Tit. iii. 2.
them in the labourage of londes semith unto you to be LITTER.
wretched or lothful.
The Boke of Tulle of Old Ag Carton. And thei shul bringen alle zoure brethren a free zift fro alle yentilis to the Lord, in hors, and in foure horsid carres,
How much more unadvisedly do such as boast themselfe
to be either Christ's vicars or be of his Garde-to loth men and in literes (lecticis). — Wic. Is. xlvi. 20.
from reading-by their covert slanderous reproaches of the LITTLE.
Scriptures.-Abp. Parker. Pref. into the Byble. To lere hem litlum and litlum,
Date, et dabitur vobis,
That is the lok of love,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 864. Wic. John xvi, 17.
For the hope of the unpitous is a wlle (wool), loke, or thisLIVE, v. Written Libbe by Robert of Gloucester tildoun. (L.V. flour of a brere, lanugo.) Wic. Wis. v. 15. and Piers Plouhman.
LODE. For lent nevere was lif,
For they were cleen in dispeyr, because they might not so But lisode were shapen,
The loder wherby these shipmen hir cours took echone. Wher-of or wher-fore
Chaucer. The Merchantes Second Tale, v. 837. Or wher-by to libbe.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8986. Lyveris to forn us
LODGE. Useden to marke.-Id. lb. v. 7683.
The house (Dennison's) is old-fashioned and irregular, Ac who seith religiouses
but lodgeable and commodious. Rightfulle men sholde fede,
Humphrey Clinker. Melford to Phillips. And lawefulle men to lif-holy men
LOFT. Liflode sholde brynge.--Id. v. 1027-8.
And maken it
Bi lofte and bi grounde.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12164. Alle these of thing that was plenteous to hem casten in LOITER. to the giftis of God, but this widewe, of that thing that failid (er defectu) to hir caste al hir lyflode (vůctum) that
I sey not, to take and to geder to hom (them) and to sche hadde.-Id. Luke xxi. 4.
other loyterers, and to bere awey hom the godes of the
pore peple.- Wic. Bib. Quot. in Ed. Pref. Joseph forsothe heryng that lywelodes (L. V. foodis, alimenta) weren solde in Egipte, seide to his sones, Whi ben LOMB, i. e. Lamb, qv. ze negligent? --Id. Gen. xlii. 1, and iv. 7, victus.
But and the edder was feller than ony lifers of the erthe. LOND, i. e. Land, qv. (L. V. lyuynge becstis, animantes.)-1d. Gen. iii. 1.
LONE, i. e. Loan, qv. For thou hast deliuered my soule fro deth and my feet fro sliding; that I plese befor God in the lişt of liueres. LONG, v. BELONG. (L. V. hem that iyue, viventium.)-Id. Ps. Iv. 13.
(Thei) arn porters of the posternes, And here againes (God's will) no creature on live
That to the place longeth. Of no degre availeth for to strive.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 3747. Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 3041.
It muste ben a rhetor excellent (1) al so fully hire servand
That coude his colours longing for that art, As creature or man livand
If he shuld hire descriven on part. May be to lady or princesse.-Id. Dreame, v. 1630.
Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10:35-3. LIVE, v. Life-guards, i. e. Leib-guards, or Body
And when they that longed unto hymn heurde it, they
went out to holde him.-Bible, 1519. Mark iii. 21. guards. Ger. Leib-garde. Mr. Trench produces the following early usage.
LONG. The Cherethites were a kind of lifegard to King David. And there we lengeden ful long (i. e. prolonged our stay, Fuller. Pisgah. Light of Palestine, p. 217. (1650.)
dwelt).-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 617. LIVER, 0.
I maz no longer lenge thee with.-Id. Vision, v. 878 Is a various reading of Deliver.
Thou longedest awei fro me (L. V. modist fer, elongasti) Joshua xxiv. 10, liberare.
frend and nezhebore.- Ilic. Ps. Ixxxvii. 19. LIZARD.
Thou forsothe, Lord, ne awei longe thou thin helpe fro
Id. Ps. xxi. 20.
Som sayd, it was long on the fire-making.
Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16390. Thefliche thow me robbedest. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12753.
LOOK, v. In Robert of Gloucester, to look into, A lacert, that is, a serpent that is clepid a lisard.
to examine, find out, adjudge. In Piers Plouhman, Wic. Lev. xi. 30.
to overlook, oversee. See AWARD. LOATHE, v. The A. S. Lath-ian, is also written
Rigt and lawe to loke. ---Robert of Gloucester, p. 568. wlættan (see in Somner); and Wlate, wlating, &c. The loking of this twelfe of the stat of the londe. And see Chaucer in Dic
Id. are common in Wiclif.
It bifel as his fader seide, tionary, and infra. Luther in Robert of Gloucester
In Pharaoh's time and in Piers Plouhman. Lutherhed and Lutherness
Joseph was Justice in Robert of Gloucester seem to be equivalent to the Egipte to loke.—Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4826. more modern forms, Loathy, Loathness, and (inus.) Brother Saule, Loke us (avab $ov). Loatherhead.
Bible, 1549. Actes xxii, To Loath in Abp. Parker is,—To cause to loathe,
We will make you our kynge, loke thereon who will.
Berners' Froissurt, v. ii. p. 141. to give a dislike. They“ loth men from reading by
LOOM. their covert slanderous reproaches of the Scrip
Now newe kyn cometh fre, from on hit, fro heuenli tures.”—Pref. unto the Byble.
lewmes. (Jam nova progenies cælo demittitur alto.) (We) hauith avoyded opyn curiouste, leste we schulde be
Wic. Bible, Pref. Ep. p. 67, col. ii.
LUG. A Lug of ground. Spenser.
That ample pit yet far renownd
Couton to make, being eight lugs of grownd.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 10, $11.
(We are) offended at the falshood and perfidiousness of
certain faithless men, and at the lukewarmth and indifferWhat maner wise, the King passeth not befor, that louyere is his Name (Dominus zelotes): God is a feruent thas is losid? (Diffamatur, in a good sense.) louyere (@mulator).- Wic. Ex. xxxiv. 14.
ence of others. The Frecholder, No. 8. Wic. 3 Esd. iv. 12. The Lord hateth al cursing (L.V. cursidnesse) of errour, LUNGS. This favour did he to hir loses.
and it shal not ben looueful (L. V. amyable, amabile) to Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. v. 598. men dredende hym.-Id. Ecclus. xv. 13.
A maner man bente a boowe, and bi hap he smoot the
Kyng of Irael betwise the lunge and the stomak (pulmo-
LOW, o.) Also—to low or lower; to bend, to LURCHER. Lurcher, A gulligut, a derourer of
Lowt, v. I bow (in obeisance, worship).
his own substance; Baret, who derives from Lat. its frequentative (Ihre) Lossa; Dan. Loser; solvere,
Loweth is used in Bible, 1549, Rom. viii. as a Lurcor, v. Lurco. So also Minsheu. See Voss. liberari, solvere nexum et vinculum, dimittere. substantive.
We have also Lurch, a game at dice. Fr. Ourche, When I had alle this folke beholde,
And lordes sones lowly
L'Ourche. See Men.
To the losels aloute.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 1494. Lurcher, a dog used by poachers, that lurks in
watch for game. LORD.
make lowe, humilietis) and zoure lust ze fulfil.
Wic. Judges xix. 24.
To Lurch, as a ship, when she rolls and lowers on For the Lord oure God he is God of Goddis, and Lord of
(I wenede) zoure hondfollis stonden al about to loute myn
one side. Lordyngis (Dominus dominantium).- Wic. Deut. x. 17. hondful. (L. V. worschi piden, adorare.)
But and (also) of Gaddi overflowen (fledden) to Dauid Yrael forsothe strongly shal doo, of Jacob shal be that
Id. Gen. xxxvii. 7; also ix. 10, et aliter.
whanne he lurkide in desert (L. V. was hid, lateret) most Indehip and leese the relykes of the cytee (dominetur et
Sixty cubites long, and seven in brede;
stronge men, and best fizters, holdyng target and spere. perdat).-10. Num, xxiv. 19.
i Paralipomenon xii. 8. (Moyses) seith, Lordshiper (Dominator), Lord God, mer- Cornmanded he to loute.
Too farre off from great cities, which may hinder busicyable, and goodliche, and pacient, and of myche mercye.
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14468. nesse; or too near them, which lurcheth all provisions and
maketh every thing deare (rictui necessaria absorbet). Thi reame (is) reume of alle worldis, and thi Lordship- any other creature shall be able to depart us from the loue
Bacon. Essay on Building.
Load. Lurch me at four, but I was mark'd at the top of
your trick by the Baron, my dear.
Foote. The Minor, act i. LORE. A lesson. See LERE and LEER.
LOW, o. Which ought for to ben a lore
LUST, s. Though now used in a bad sense only,
Loude outher stille.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5380. was formerly used in a good.
I am not so lustsum (wilful!) and dnl, that I sholde
bihote thes thingis me to know, but, &c.
Wic.' Bible, Preface, p. 73.
Bible, 1549. 1 Chron. xxviii. 9.
Truthe trumpede tho' that they dare not stir while the net is pitching; And song Te Deum laudamus; LOSE, v. Go. Liusan ; A. S. Losian, for-leosan, then by the lighting of a fire they are driven into And thanne lutede for-lysan; D. Liesen, Verliesen; Ger. Lieren, Ver- the net. See in Nares, Gentleman's Recreation,
In a loud note.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12944. lieren ; (aut. liesen, ver-liesen ;) Sw. Forlisa ; Dan. Fowling, p. 39.
LUX, s. 1 Fr. Lure, excess, riot, superFor-liser, perdere, perire, amittere. The Goth. Now commonly he who desires to be a minister, looks LUXIVE, adj. Š fuity. Cot. See LUXURY. Laus-jan, to loose, and Liusan, to lose, are the same not at the work but at the wages; and by that lure or low
These (letters) often bath'd she in her luxire eyes, word, differently applied, and in every application, bell, may be toll’d from parish to parish all the town over.
And often kiss'd, and often 'gan to tear.
Müton. Hirelings out, &c. Works, v. i. fo. 579. they and their progenys always signify, separation,
Shakespeare. A Lover's Complaint. To be thas loubelled with panick frights, to be thus either intended or casual, whether by unbinding,
I commun'd thus; the power of wealth I try'd, tremblingly dismayed where there is no place of fear, is a
And all the various lure of costly pride; dispossessing, or other means. mighty disproportion of men's faculties.
Artists and plans reliev'd my solemn hours; The sonne for sorwe therof
Hammond, iv. 579, in Todd.
I founded palaces and planted bowers.
Prior. Solomon, b. ü.
Dr. King. Art of Love, pt. i. v. 47. Then if a chief perform'd a patriot's part,
Sustain'd her drooping sons, repell’d her foes,
Above all Persian lure, or Attic art,
The rude majestic monument arose.
Shenstone. Elegy xxi. destrogede, disperdidit.)-1d. Ps. Ixxvii. 45.
Wiclif renders the Lat. Accepit," he loowede hem.” LUXURY.
Nat only that thou faintest mannes mind,
But veraily thou wolt his body shende.
Chaucer. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5345.
Wisdom iii. 6.
LYRE. Streight onto Tyre, and for no coste
A foles worde is nought to trowe, Ne spare, 'till he had lost
Ne worthe an apple for to lowe.
They must have our lyricisms at their finger's end. The prynce, which he would spille.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4532.
Gray to Mason, August, 1760.
And of yeur gentil paciens suffer that is amyss.
Id. The Merchuntes Second Tale, v. 920. LOSENGE.
LUBRIC. la lecherie and losengerie As if wantonness and lubricity were essential to that sort
M. of Ye lyven.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4082.
poem, which ought to be avoided in it.
Dryden. Preface to Juvenal. LOTEBY. Skinner says, Companion, or love: O wretched we! why were we hurry'd down
MACE. Mr. Tyrwhitt—the concubines of priests were so
This lubrique and adulterate age.
Maires and maceres,
Id. Ode. Ann Killigrew. That menes ben bitwene called.
LUCENT. She (Mede) preestes maynteneth,
The kyng and the comune, To have leminans and loteties
O Pulchrior, sole in beautie, and full yłucident.
To kepe the lawes.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1508. Alle hire lif daies.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1659.
Chaucer. The Nine Ladies Worthie, v. 22.
MACERATE. And with me followeth my loteby
This is just as if one should say, that there is indeed a
The rain of a few weeks, to drench and macerate the
sheares that lie piled together on the harvest field, were
Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. i. c. 7. Aad the Lorde loked vnto Abel and to his offering; but
Cudworth. Mor. b. iv. c. iv. $ 13.
MACKINGS. Mankins? as Ladykin, Laken, viito Cain and into his offeringe, loked he not. And Cain Thy (Night's) power the Pixies own, was wroth exceedingly and loured. And the Lorde sayde When round thy raven brow
qv. vato Cain : Why art thou angry, and why loureste thou? Heav'ns lucent roses glow.
Moody. By the mackings. I thought there was no good in
Coleridge. Song to the Piries, 6 vii. it.-Dryden. Sir Martin Mar-ail, act iv. sc. I.