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Dull mannerist, in Christians, Jews, and Turks,
Cloys with a sameness in each female face.
Churchill. Gotham, b. i. that they first had the name of Magians, which signifying Mamelen ful longe. -Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2514. the Cropt-eard, it was then given unto them by way of
MANURE. nick-name and contempt, because of this impostor (“Smer- MAN. Sw. Man. Vir fortis. Stiernhelmius
The face of the earth hath not been torn, nor the virtue dis "), who was thus crop'd.
et Rudbeckius hanc primam vocis esse significatio- and salt of soil spent by manurance.
Raleigh. Discovery of Guiana.
Yon flourie arbors, yonder allies green, The britheren of hir and the modir answeryden, The
Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown, the Gloss. to Wiclif. Thus Wiclif renders neque mayde child at the leest dwelle ten dayes anentis us, and
That mock our scant manuring, and require aftirward sche shal go. (L. V. damesele, puella.) – Wic. accendunt, in L. V. ne me leendith; and in E. V. More hands than ours to top their wanton growth. Gen. li. 54; maydyn child, v. 57.
Milton. Pur. L. b. iv, v. 628.
MANY. ? Fr. Mesnie. A Meyny, a family The bittere teres that on my chekes fall,
under power of thi man (L. V. the hosebande, viri), and he Sin thou art mayde, and keper of us all, shal have lordship of thee.- Wic. Gen. iii. 16.
MENIAL. S household, company, or servants. My maydenhode thou kepe and wel conserve:
And thei maden engynys, and they wenten out, and Cotgrave. The rout; the baser sort. Minsheu. And while I live, a mayde I wol thee serve. brenten hem in fijre, and foužten manly (viriliter).
Menial offices, emph. Servile offices or employChaucer. The Knightes Tale, vv. 2330, 1, 2.
Id 1 Mac, vi. 31.
ments. MAIL, v. See Piers Plouhman in v. Rifle. Forsothe I trist hym to do myldly, and manly (humane),
Piers Plouhman writes, “ And how he myghte or curteysly.-ld. 2 Mac. ix. 27. And he (Goliath) was clothid with an haburion hokid,
Bot Y preye, thou kyng, all these thingus knowen, by- moost meynee manliche fynde.”— Vision, v. 5789. ethir mailid (squamata).— Wic. 1 Kings xvii. 5.
holde to the cuntree and kyn nftir thi mainlynesse (huma- Gawin Douglas, “ Ane few menze." See Few. MAIM. nitatem) shewide to alle men.-ld. 16. xiv. 9.
Spenser, in his Ireland, “ A much more many." That is, whanne the seruannt is soust of his Lord to be She n'as nat with the leste of her stature,
In Wiclif, “ His household meynee," is in the slayn, ether to be meymed, &c.
But al hire limines so well answering
Latin Vulgate, Domestici ejus; and Meyneal Church,
Weren to womanhode, that creature
Domestica ecclesia. In other instances the Lat. MAJESTY.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. i. v. 284. Familia, M. V. Family, is rendered, meynee, and In all the public writs which he now issued as King of Spain, he assumed the title of Majesty, and required it
MANACE, i. e. Menace, qv.
Meyneals, from domestici. And to this usage
the word seems very early to have been limited. from his subjects as a mark of respect. Before that time all the monarchs of Europe were satisfied with the appel
See MEAN. lation of Highness or Grace.
To ben bounde the kyngis of hem in fettris, and the In 1 Henry IV. c. 7, Knights and esquires menial Robertson. Charles V, v. i. b. 1, An. 1519. noble men of hem in irene manyclis (manicis).
(Fr. Menial.r), are distinguished from knights and
Wic. Ps. cxlix. 8. MAINPRISE, v.
esquires which be of his lord's retinue, and do take Mede shal noght maynprise yow.
MANAGE. Manyable, from Fr. Manier.
their yearly fee for term of life. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2439. He may not be swolowed ne by the felyng or attouchyng
Our lawyers have been accustomed to derive That Mede moste be maynpernow (for he is not manyable), ne may not be handlyd.
Menial, from Mænia—a servant or servants intra Reson thei bi-sought.-Id. 16. v. 2305.
The Golden Legend, fo. 27, c. 1. Caxton, 1483, Westm.
mænia ; Servants within the walls. French etymoMAIZE.
MANDATE. MAUNDEMENT, Tyrwhitt inter- logists from Fr. Maison ; Lat. Mansio. See RocheThe Spaniards reported that the natires of Cuba had prets, disposition. More literally, self-command.
fort and Lacombe; also Du Cange, in v. Maisnuda; given them to eat a singular species of corn called maize, (They) said, By will and maundément,
and Menage, Le Orig. It. in v. Masnada. See also which, either when roasted whole or ground into meal, was They were at hire commaundement. abundantly palatable.-Robertson, v. i. b. 2, An. 1492.
Chaucer. Dreame, v. 451.
the quotation from Chaucer, in v. Captain, supra. MANDRAGE.
Who so hath much, spend manliche,
So seith Tobye;
Swiche lessons lordes sholde
Lovye to here, Makeless (Chaucer, in Dictionary), matchless ;
Wic. Gen. xxx. 14.
And how he might moost meynee (Shakespeare, infra) mateless.
Manliche fynde.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5789. To solacen hymn som tyme, He festede .....
This is the possessioun of the lynage of sones of Juda, by As I do whan I make.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7483. With two fisshes and fyve loves
her meynees. (E. V. hinredis, per cognationes.) And thou medlest thee with makynges, Fyve thonsand peple:
Wic. Josh. xv. 20. And by that mangerie men myghte wel se
16. v. 7470. And myghtest go seye thi sauter.- Id.
And, for the outlaw hath but small meinee,
And may not do so gret an hurine as he (the tyrant),
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10749. If thow be man maryed,
Ne bring a contree to so gret inischiefe, Thi make (mate) thow lovye.- Id. Ib. v. 7509.
Men clepen him an outlawe or a thefe.
Chaucer. The Manciples Tale, v. 17180. Is it for fear to wet a widow's eye,
MANIPULATE. now in common use, especi-
All thy trees and frute of thy land shall be marred with The world will wail thee, like a makeless wife.
MANIPULATOR. formerly confined to certain blasting.–Bible, 1549. Deut. xxviii.
manual and also mechanical operations of the labo- MARCH, v.
Austyn at Caunterbury
Cristnede the kyng, MALACISSATION, adj.
MANNER Mannerism and Mannerist are of And thorugh miracles, as men now rede, Penetrating and insinuating remedies are the defferrents, modern introduction. Mannerism (not in Todd)
Al that marche he tornede as it were, of malacissant and mollifying qualities, and con
To Crist . . . Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10516. may be described-first, as a mode of composition vay more easily and impressedly the virtue thereof.
For hire moneie and hire marchaundize Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 2. distinct from all usual modes, and thus affecting
(Thei) marchen togideres. -Id. lb. v. 126. MAL, or Male. In comp. A prefix with the originality; and secondly, as a misapplication or
misemployment of style, by preserving (for in- MARCH, s. force of-ill, evil, bad, wrong.
And thou woldist bilde up the temple that Idumes Malebouch, ill or evil tongue. Chaucer. Black stance) the same stateliness or gravity on all occa
sions. In painting, it is manifested by placing a brenden, for Judee is put out of her termes, or marchis Knight, v. 260. Male talent, ill or evil will. Chaucer. Rom. of animate or inanimate objects, or both, in the same sitter always in the same attitude; by grouping (exterminata est) of the Caldeis.-Wic. 3 Esd. iv. 45.
MARE. See MERE. the Rose, v. 273.
relative positions; in the management of colouring, From the marees deepe MALE.
Of Acherontes well. - Skelton. Philip Sparrow, v. 69.
in lights and shades, and various other particulars.
MARGARETTES. Daisies were
80 called. And he was comun to a maner place (sum place, quen- Chaucer. Vulcanus-his figure
See Skinner. dam), and he wolde rest in it aftir the sunne goyng down. Both of visage and of stature
Wic, Gen. xxviii. 8.
MARGIN, S. This word has acquired (from
mercantile usages) a common application to room MALIGN.
Id. Prov. xxiji. 4. (left), space (ample room and verge enough). Their (the Jews) stubbornness is but a strong hope Thanne Judit song this song to the Lord, seiende, Be- And thow shalt ioyne the goldun cheynes to the rynges malignified, or, as we say, grown old, wild, and out of kind.
gynneth in tymbris; singith to the Lord in cimbalis; ma- that ben in the mergyns of it. (L. V. brynkes, margini. Jackson. Eternal Truth of Scripture. nerly singith. (L. 1. synge ze swetli, modulamini) bus.)- Wic. Er. xxvii. 24. MALISON.
I. Judith xvi. 2. He intended for his wild sense of honour's sake, to be Thus they serven Sathanas,
The ende of monernesse (L. V. temperaunce, modestia) true in the matter of the treasure; but before and after And soules begyleth, (is) the drede of the Lord.- Id. Prov. xxii. 4.
it was reached, there was a wide margin of possibilities. Marchaunes of malisones. It hath been shewede me that ye brynge with you a
E. Warburton. Darien, ch, xiii. Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 1431. maner of Bretons, Barroys, &c.
The purchase of an annuity with the produce of his If my fader groop and fele, Y drede lest he wene me
Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 230. commission, secured to him an ample supply for his simple wiln to bigile hym, and brynge on me malysoun for beni. The months, twelve sisters all of different hue,
wants, and left him besides a wide margin for the charities soun. (L. V. cursyng, maledictionem.)
Though there appears in all a likeness too;
in which his brave old heart delighted. Wic. Gen. xxvii. 12. Not such a likeness, as, through Haymau's verse,
16. Intro. Chap.
Flocmeel, gregatim; Gobetmele, particulatim; And seide,
At the side borde.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8094. Lememele, membratim; Litilmele, paulatim; PasNoli mittere, man,
(By Grammar) we free our language from the opinion of mele, passim ; Raueshemelam, raptim ; Whilmeel, ViMargery perles,
rudeness and barbarism, by which it is mistaken to be Among hogges. ....-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5613. diseased; we shew the copy of it, and matchableness of it
cissim ; and Whilmele, s. chaungus of whilemelis. with other tongues ; we ripen the wits of our children and
Vicissitudinum mutationes. Wis. vii. 18. In MARK. youth sooner by it, and advance their knowledge.
Shakespeare, Inchmeal. And man is hym most lik
Ben Jonson. English Grammar. Pref.
Make him Of marc and of shafte.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5215. MATE, o.
By inch-meal a disease. The litle marke shal be restorid as cley. (L. V. seeling, Christ the Saviour, by his mating and quelling the ene
Shakespeare. Tempest, act ii. sc. 2. signaculum.) - Wic. Job xxxviii. 15.
mies of man's salvation ... MARKET.
Barrow, v. iii. ser. 41, p. 468. MEAN. (Moyen.)
Thus in a feith lere that folk (the paynims)
And in a fals mene.-Phers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10692. werkis thei puttiden forth in thi market or marchnundise The word Mathematics (i. e. disciplines) in its proper (L. V. marcat, in mercatu) gemme and purpur, &c. and primary signification, seems common to every acquired therthur; that bi a mene persone undoynge both langagis
Thei wisten not forsothe that Joseph shulde undurstonde, нс.
Ez. xxvii. 16. science. They (says Plato) who are by nature arithmetiMARMOREAL. Lat. Marmoreus. Of Marble. matics, i. e. every thing which is capable of being learned. cians, do shew themselves ready to learn the whole muthe
he spak to bem. (L. V. interpretour, per interpretem.)
Wic. Gen. xlii. 23. And she unveiled her hosom, and the green
Sometimes they are called in the singular the mathematic, In the meene tyme (interim) hungur al the loond greetly And glancing shadows of the sea did play as by Aristotle. By a certain metonymy, of the action for
bare down.-ld. 16. xliii. 1. O'er its marmoreal depth.-Shelley. Revolt of Islam, c. 1. the object, they are frequently called mathesis, the disci- To these thus strivende the apostil putte hym & mene And again, marmoreal floods.-Id. 16. pline.-Barrow. Mathematical Lecture, lec. i. p. 2. bitwen (a mediator), shewende to bothe paples neither cir.
cumcisioun to ben ost, neither the kept flesh, but the feith MARROW. Var. written in Wiclif, Mary, marz,
that werkith bi charite.-Id. Prol. to Romans, p. 299. marzh, merzh, merczw, merow 3, merow, merowe, me
I believe that the whole frame of a beast doth perish,
With livelishe browes, flawe of colour pure, and is left in the same state after death as before it was Betwene the which was mene disseveraunce row]
materialled into life.-Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ 50. From every browe, to shewen a distaunce. The swerd of the Lord fulfild is of blod, innerly fattid it
Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 783. is with talt of blod of lombis and of get, of the blod of MAUGRE.
For somtime we be Goddes instruments, metewi wetheres. (L. V. rammes, ful of merow, medulla
And not onli these thingus, but another forsothe respit And menes is don his commandements. torun.) - Wic. Is. xxxiv. 6. (respectus) of hem was, for maugre theires (L. V.azens her
Id. The Freres Tale, v. 7066. MARSH. wille, inviti) thei resceyueden straungeres.
Wic. Wis. xix. 14.
What this by-meneth.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 460. senen oxen fro the flood togideres steyden op, ful greetli
Ther saw I Dane yturned to a tree, fayt and thur; oute with fatt fleish, the whiche in the pas
It bifel on a Friday, ture of mershe (L. V. marreis, paludis) the grene leswis
A litel bifore pasqe,
I mene not hire the Goddesse Diane, cheseden.- Wic. Gen. xli. 18.
The Thursday bifore,
But Peneus daughter, which that highte Dane.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2005. And Pharao trowide him to stonde upon a flood, of the
There he made his maundee, whiche steyden up seuene fayre oxen, and fulle fatte, and
Sittynge at the soper,
Their large and rayless eyes, thei weren fed in mershi places. (L. V. places of mareis,
He seide thise wordes.
Glazed, fixed, and meaningless. Loris palustribus.) Id. ib. xli. 2.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11086.
Southey. Curse of Kehama, xvi. $ 11. MARTEL. MAXIM. Gassendi says that a Marim, is
To meseles (lepers) in hegges. Nor delyvered up the martel, which is the token of the Propositio generalissima; Martinus and Vossius
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1624. Constable of France.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 595. agree that it is, Theorema catholicon. See Mar
For the same mesures ye mete,
Ye shulle ben weyen therwith.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 811. end, that potten forth hem silf to be martirid for Goddis cause, with true meenes of patience and of charity.
and so styled, because as universal and primary, That laborers and lowe folk Wic. Bible. Prol. xxxvi. they contain the other propositions (minores poste
Take of hire maistres,
It is no manere mede, MARVEL, o. rioresque), and determine the whole inference of
But a mesurable hire.-Id. Ib. v. 1880. The merveillousest metels (dreams) reasoning. On Reid, p. 766. And from this com
There is another mede mesureless Mette me thanne.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5034.
prehensiveness, their weight, value, and authority. That maistres desireth.-Id. 16. v. 1856. The whiche whanne thei hadden seen hir, stonezende merueileden (L. V. rondriden, mirati sunt) ful miche the MAY, 0. MAY, s. Goth. Mahts.Potestas.
Lo! mesurable (mensurabiles) hast thou set my dayes; fairnesse of hir.- Wic. Judith x. 7.
and my substaunce (is) as nozt before thee. But hennesforth I wol my processe hold For thy place and May.-Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida.
Wic. Ps. xxxviii. 6. To speke of aventures, and of battailes,
Wher thorough the parlements sehall may do more good Euen lijf to men (is) wyn in sobrenesse : if thou drink
in a moneth.-Fortescue. De Legibus. That yet was never herd so gret merveilles.
it mesurably (moderate), thou shalt ben sobre.
Id. Ecclus. Xxxi. 32.
Just men be gestis, ethir mete feris. (L. V. mete felaves, ye schul be led for me in witnessyng to her, and to hethen with alle maner of precious ston.- Wic. Ecclus. I. 10.
convive.)— Wic. Ecclus. ix. 22; and xxxvii. 4, 5, sodales. men.- Wic. Mat. x. 18.
And if eny tyme ye shulen hane meetship (L. V. a feeste, MASS, s.
Ther shal no more be clepid he that is opwis a prince, epulum), je shulen synge with trompes.-Id. Num. x. 10.
ne the gylere shal be clepid a meyre. (L. V. the grettere, Whan that the highe masse was ydone,
maior.)-Id. Is. xxxii. 5. In halle sat this January and May.
MEATH. See MEAD.
MEBLE, i. e. Movable. See Move.
Piers Plouhman's Creed, v. 1645.
I holde my pees of gramariens, medeleris of retorik, of
(and) I shal come to the lesse craftis, MASTER. For euen I me selfe am a man.-Bible, 1549. Acts x.
Wic. Pref. Ep. p. 66. That to men—not knowende-desyr of seching be set, and
We beseche you, brethren, that ye encrease more and to men sechende frut of travaile, and to God the doctrine MEAD.
more, and that ye studye to be quyete, and to medle with of maisterhed be kept.- Wic. Prol. to Apocalypse.
And he seide to hem, Goth, and eteth fatte thingis, and youre owne busines. (M. V. to do, sparruv.) And the Lord spak to Moises, and seide, A soule drinkith meth. (L. V. wijn maad swete with honey, mul
Bible, 1549. í Thes. iv, 11. that dengeth to his neizbore a thing bitakun to kepypg, sum.)— Wic. 2 Èsd. viii. 10.
For certeyn byrdes called vultures, that was bitakun to his feith, ethir takith maisterfulle a
Without medelyng conceruyn by nature. thiog by violence, &c. (ertorserit).-Id. Lev. vi. 2. MEAL. Of grain.
Lyfe of our Ladye. Caxton, d. 1, c. 1. Love wol not be constreined by maistrie; Er I have breed of mele,
And it is to peyneful to be medelous in other mennes When maistrie cometh the God of love anon,
Ofte moote I swete.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8555. maters.— Tullius de Amicitia, b. 5. Wurcestre, Erle of.
In honour only of the heuen quene,
That best may be our medyatrice.
Lyfe of our Ladye.
Carton, m. 3.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3482. MEDIÆVAL. Now common. (See in Hallam. tation explains the word.
Their morning milk the peasants press at night,
MEDICATE. In Wiclif, sanum verbum is in
To market bear; or sparingly they steep The matafund, from whence the ponderous storie
the text rendered, “ an hool word," and in the var.
With seas'ning salt, and stor'd for winter keep. Made but one wound of him whom in its way
Dryden. Virgil, Georgics, b. iii. v. 613.
r. medicynal, and medicinable. Tit. ii, 8. It met.-Southey. Joan of Arc, b. vii. v. 163.
MEAL. Is a common terminating affix to old
He tries his goring horns against a tree,
And meditates his absent enemy. Were put to be macches, dered from Latin adverbs in im, as (Wiclif's Bible)
Dryden. Æn. xii. 162.
Μ Ε Ν
That ennobled ber breed
And high-mettled the blood of her veins.
Campbell. Lines on the Camp Hill at Hastings. is an expression similar to one still in common use, that capital.-Burke (in Mason).
METAPHYSIC. viz, to boot, and means, for a reward in return.
MENGE. See MINGE.
(This) is commonly in the Schools called Metaphysics, The pope and alle the prelates
as being part of the philosophy of Aristotle, which hath Presentz underfongen,
that for title; but it is in another sense ; for there it signiAnd medeth men hemselven
Thei meekiden in thee the unclennesse of the menstruate philosophy. But the schools take them for books of super,
feth as much as books written or placed after his natural To mayntene hir lawes. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1789. womman. (L. V. in unclene blood, menstruata.)
Wu. Ez. xxii. 10.
natural philosophy: for the word Metaphysic will bear both For as wisdom defendith, so money defendith (that is,
these senses. - Hobbes. Leviathan, c. xlvi. p. 339, fo. edit. mynistrith spensis agenus visible enemyes, and it defendith
METE. See METT. And thei shulen marchaundise of you. (L V. make maragainst unuysible enemyes by meedeful werkis of pitee, and of liberaltee. Mar. note).- Wic. Eccles. vii. 13. chaundie, negotiabuntur.), Wic. 1 Pet. iì. 3.
METE. Adde thou not ony thing to the wordis of hym (i.e. con- Sonys of Dedan (weren) thi marchauntis; many ilis
He it myght have trarie; netheles the thingis that declaren Goddis word (weren) the marchaundisynge of thin hoond. (L. V. mar
With false mesures and met,
And with fals witnesse.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8745.
Nor yet the time hath Titan's gliding fire
As the wise men were led by the star, or as the traveller Met forth (ineasured out).
Fairefax. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xv. st. 39.
Chillingworth. Religion of Protestants.
This lad was such a mercurial, as could make his own METICULOUS, adj. Lat. Meticulosus, fearful;
from Metus. MEEK.
Bacon. Henry VII.
Move circumspectly, not meticulously, and rather care-
fully solicitous than anxiously solicitudinous. Til his maister ones.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3708. Thy fa(u)lt our law calles death; but the kind prince,
Browne. Christian Morals, pt. i. $ 33.
Taking thy part, hath rusht aside the law,
Gr. Mntpntys; Lat. Metreta, To amenden us alle. Id. Ib. v. 793.
This is deare mercy, and thou seest it not.
about nine English gallons. See Wiclif, in DicHer meke praiere, and hir pitous chere
Shakespeare. Romeo and Juliet, act iii. sc. 3.
The governors, officers, and inhabitants of those mother-
Ac muche moore meritorie,
cities were termed, for difference suke, metropolites, thut is Arnong nedy peple.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7047. Me thynketh it is to baptize.
to say, mother-city men.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6732. Ye Goddes armes! quod this riotour,
Hooker. Ecclesiastical Polity, b. vii. $ 8. Is it swicke peril with him for to mete?
The meritorie lijf of a good man is schort.
Wic. Wis. xli. 13, n. 1.
METT, v. or METE.
And I awaked,
And of this metyng many tyme
Much thought I hadde.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8031. MEGRIM.
We, heizynge to the cuntre of heuen, owen to passe ouer A veine is opened in the fore-head for the megrim or
with a deef eere the dedliche songis of meremaydens. METT. Metels, i. e. dream; common in Piers
Wic. Prol. to Josh. p. 556. head-ach (dolor hemicranicus). Must also the hemicraine
Hath made me to studie
Of that I seigh slepynge.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4781.
It sweyed so murie.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 20. foure olde men shulen mete (L.V. dreme dremes, soninia
somniabunt) sweuens, and zoure junge men shall see vi-
siouns.- Wic. Joel ii. 28. As quoted in Acts ii. 17, dreme position, from Fr. Méler, to meddle?” Skinner exp. For to murthen men myd,
meetels, or swenens. Power.
That in the derke sitten. Id. 16. v. 11847.
This ladie, which was innocent,
And wiste nothing of this guile,
Mette, as she slepte
Nechanabas, which causeth all
Of this metrede the substance.
Gower. Conf. Am. b. vi. fo. 1382.
MEUE. See MOVE. to mention.
Gower. Conf. Am. b. i. fo. 8o. I fond them in all thingus that aboue I membrede. (L. V.
MEW. remembride bifore, supra memoravi.)
- Wic. Jer. ii. 34.
Thus toke he purpose Love's craft to sewe,
And thought that he would worken privily,
MESS. memoratum) weižte of siluer, and restore to hým his writ.
First for to hide all his desire in meue,
From every wight yborne.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. i. r. 381.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8134. Though thou hadst the memory of Seneca or Simonides,
MICH. and conscience, the punctual memorist within, yet trust
Tho, as me thoughten, the promeise
How like a micher he stands, as though he had trew
Of marriage before the mese (feast),
anted from honestie. -Lilly, Mother Bombie, act iii. sc. I.
That mite is miching in this grove.--Id. 16. act ii. st. 3. MENACE, v.
MESS. The company messing together being MIDGE. A. S. Mycge; Ger. Mucke ; Dut. And now worth this
arranged into fours, each four was called a Messe. Mugge ; Dan. Myg; Fr. Mouche. Mede y-maried
A small fly; a gnat.
Where there is no space
For receipt of a fly;
Lyly. Mother Bombie, act i. sc. 1.
Where the midge dares not venture,
Lest herself fast she lay;
If Love come he will enter,
Biron. That you three fools lack'd me fool to make up And soon find out his way. menaceful mob of the Macedonians, he (Antigonus) went the messe. --Shakespeare. Love's Labour Lost, act iv. sc. 3.
Old Song. Love will find, cc.
And the meedwijf (L. V. medeunjf. obstetrir) seide to
hir, Wole thou not (noli) drede, for also and this thow shalt MENCHION.
Er that this Erl was come, sent his message,
hane a sone.- Wic. Gen. xxxv. 17.
For thilke poure, sely Grisildis. Meschinus, or mischinus (qy.) See in Menage, Cot
Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8823.
The toon put forthe an hoond, in the which the mederife grave, and Du Cange; or, the old French Mencion,
(L. V. mydwijf) bonde a reed threed, seiynge, This shal
METACHRONISM. mansio; whence, Mencionaire, mencionarius. And
Gr. Mετα, and χρονος,
goon out rather.-Id. 1b. xxxviu. 29.
Wymmen of Ebrew ben not as the wymmen of Egipte: thus either-1. A very poor person, a servant (mes- time. A change of time in chronology.
thei forsothe han the cunning of myduyuynge (of medererit, chesir); or, 2. A housekeeper,
There are in Scripture of things that are seemingly con- obstetricandi), and er we comen to hem thei ben delg. And the wife of Wolphernes, named Eumentilda, was fused, carrying semblance of contrariety, anachronisms, vered.-ld. Er. i. 19. made a menchen at Ely, and Wereburga, his daughter, was metrachronisms, and the like, which brings infinite obscurity to the text.-Hale. Golden Remaines.
MIGHT, v. See May, supra. also made a nonne.-Fabyan, pt. v. fo. 1482.
There myghtow (might thou) sen examples
In hymnself oone,
That he was myghtful and meke.
Vis 801, 3. 68
But in truth, you having been mired amongst abundance Aženseie thou not the word of treuthe in ony maner; and
of absurdities already, the more you strive to get out the be thou aschamed of the leesing of thi mislernyng (de men. For in kynde knowynge in herte,
deeper you get in.-Prideaus. Orders of Church of Eng. dacio incrudit wnis).— Wic. Ecclus. iv. 30. Ther a myght bigynneth.-10. Ib. v. 788.
land defended, 1688. And she smoot Cisaram, sechynge in the heed the place
MIS-LIGHT. To light amiss, or out of the of the wound, and the temple mystilich thrillyage. (L.V.
way. perside strongli, valide.)- Wic. Judges v. 26.
No Will o'th'Wisp mislight thee,
Nor snake, nor glow-worın bite thee.
Herrick. Night Piece. To Julia. But all that he might of his frendes hente,
Southey. Joun of Arc, b. i. v. 444; also Madoc,
ý xxvi. Cry. Dante, Pur. b. xii. v. 55.
(In) the frequent mis-pense of their time ...
they have (We) Ne couded not ourself devisen how
too probably indulged themselves more than they can anWe mighten live in more felicitee.
Of the mysbeleeued soule (L. V. rnbileueful, incredibilis swer for at the bar of justice.
Bp. Hoadley. Ser. Heb. xvi. 26, 27.
(figmentum salis) of salt. (Lot's wife.)- Wic. Wisd. x. 7. MIS-PRISE. Passager and migrant birds in their appointed seasons
And te wolden not stye up, but mysbileuynge (L. V. un- Who either through enuy or misprision visit us froin Greenland and Mount Atlas, and as some
bileueful, increduli) to the word of the Lord oure God, je Was guilty of this fault, and not my sonne.
grutchiden in zoure tabernaclis.--1. Deut. i. 26. think from the Antipodes.-Bruune. Letter to a Friend.
Shakespeare. Henry IV. Pt. I. act ir. sc. 3.
Lord. (L.V. unbileueful: var. r. mysbileueful, incredulus.)
lu. Ecclus. i. 36. Pharao saw; another sweden; senene eerys burionde on
No pestilence should be more shunned than the convero stalk, and ful fayr, and other as feel eerys, thinne and MISCELLANY. See MISLINE.
sation of the mis-religious.
Bp. Hall. Cont. b. xviü. The Seduced Prophet. smytun with meldew. (L. V. with corrupcioun of bren- I, a mere miscellanarian or essay writer. nynge wynde, uredine.)- Wic. Gen. xli. 6.
Shaftesbury, v. iii. p. 113. MIS-REVERENCE.
The wrathe of a womman, and the mysreverence (is) gret
It is untrouth and a vice to say that olde age is wretchyd shenshipe. (L. V. irreverence, irreverentia.)
Wic. Ecclus. xxv. 29. the side of the pious emperor (Theodosius);
of old ffabius. - The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Carton. Gibbon. History, c. xxvii.
MISS. MISTURE. Also (as, to want, qv.) To MILLET.
do without. And he schal not sette wheete bi ordre, and barli, and Hem grace faileth
Though a yong man in any wise mylium (E. V. myle), and fetchis on his coostis.
At hir mooste meschief,
Trespass emong and do folie,
Let him nat dwelle, but hastilie
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6404.
Let him amende what so be mis.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3243.
Mir. 'Tis a villaine, sir, I doe not love to looke on. wretchidnesse, calamitatis) that is to oppresse my fader. Pros. But as 'tis, Ye mynnen wel how Mathew seith
Wic. Gen. xliv. 34.
We cannot misse him.
Shakespeare. Tempest, act i. sc. 2, fo. 42.
Mem. I will have honest, valiant souls about me, And the mynde (memoria) of an unbileneful soule (is) Thus is night tourned into daie and daie into night ..
I cannot miss thee. stondyng an image of salt.-Wic. Wis. x. 7. not in deed, but in miscleaping of foolish people.
Beaumont and Fletcher. Mad Lorer, act ii. And whanne thei weren comen to the mynde hyllis (tu
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.
Therefore all men evidently declared at that time, both mulos) of Jordan into the loond of Chanaan, they bildiden
MIS-CREANT. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v.
how sore they took his death to heart; and also how hardly biside Jordan an auter of mychilnes without mesure. Id. Josh. xxii. 10. 7810, writes Creaunt for Credent; and Shakespeare they could away with the misture of such a man.
Foxe. Acts and Monunents, v, viii. p. 288. And bihynde the dore, and bihynde the post thou set- makes York call Joan of Arc, the enchauntresse,
Notes and Queries, v, vii. p. 375. tedest thi mynde tocne. (L.V. memoral, memoriale.) Miscreant.
And mys-seide the Jewes manliche (i. e. scolded, re-
buked).-Piers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 11057. thingis. (L.V. memorial, munimentum.) Id. Prov. xii. 12.
Pier Plouhman's Vision, v. 7810. Thei shulen turne to alien goddis; and serve to hem; Beholde heuen and loke, and myndefulli (contemplare) Conquest of high prowesse, is for to tame
and myssey to me. (L. V. backbite, detrahent mihi.) see the cloudis, that is hejere than thou.-Id. Job xxxv. 5. The wilde woodenesse of this miscredunce
Wic. Deut. xxxi. 20. MINE.
Right to the rote.-Chaucer. Envoy (D.) b. i. v. 50. If a comlynge dwelle in zoure loond, and were abidynge Thei mynen housis in darknessis. (E. V. breeken thurz,
Puc. I prethee give me leaue to curse awhile.
amonge zow, ne myssey je to hymn. (L. V. dispise ze not, perfodit.) - Wic. Job xxiv. 16.
Yorke. "Curse, miscreant, when thou comest to the stake. non exprobreris.)- Id. Let. xix. 33.
Shakespeare. Henry VI. Pt. I. act v. se. 3.
MISSIFICATE. See MISSAL. forsing as an auarouse man sekith money, and as a mynour
MIS-DEED. See Misdo. sekith hidden gold. Marg. note).- Id. Prov. ii. 4.
MISSION. He (Scipio) could neither finde any underwood fit to MIS-DEMEAN, v. MIS-DEMEANANT, is now in For this was Ririd mission'd to the ships. cut out stakes for a pallisaid or earth meete to make turfes common use. See Reports of Inspector of Prisons.
Southey. Madoc, 6 xxii. for a banke, or minable for a trench. Holland. Livius, p. 575.
MIS-STAND, v. To stand amiss.
He myghte amende in a minute while
Al that mys-tandeth. meyngyng of oyle. (L. V. mellyng, admitione.)
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7338.
Ac theologie hath tened me out with a gret cri, and the vois was herd aferr.
Ten score tyines :
The moore I muse therinne
The mystier it seemeth.
Piers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 5974. He had two or three small brass guns of a minion bore From cold thee to save; planted by his tent all the day.-Dampier. Voyages, 1638. And meet at mee!
And je neizeden to the root of the list, that brent unto For mysese of thiselve.- Piers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 507.
heuene; and there weren in it derknessis, and clowde, and MINISH.
And al the provinces camen into Egipte, that thei
mystynes. (L. V. myist, caligo.)— Wic. Deut. iv. 11. And he monede the tentis to Bethsura, that was a stronge mysten bigge meetis, and the yuel of myseis swazen (L. V. myistă. (E. V. mystynesse, de caligine. ) --Id. Is. xxix. 18.
And the izhen of blynde men shullen se fro derenessis and holde of Jewis; bot he was dryuen, hurtlide, and menushyd nedynes, inopia).- Wic. Gen. xli. 57. (var. r. mynuyd, or wastide, minuebatur).
Thou schalt be hid fro the scourge of tunge, and thou MIS-TAKE, r.
schalt not drede myseiste, ethir wretchidnesse (var. r.
Norf. I am sorry myscesnesse, calamitatem).-ld. Job v. 21.
To hear this of him: and could wish you were mynuschede (L, V. al to brak, cumminuit) in to poudre. Id. 4 Kings xxiii. 15. MIS-FEEL. Misfeeling. Wiclif renders the Lat.
Something mistaken in it.
Shakespeare. Henry VIII. act i. se. 2.
Insensatus, misfeclende, or unwittie, L. V. vnwijs.
MISTER. From the mastery or skill in trade the passion from it; how constant objects lose their hints,
In alle these thingus mys felende or unwittie (L. V. un
necessary or needful, it was extended in its appliand steal an inadvertisement upon us. Brown. Christian Morals, pt. iii. $ 10.
uis, insensatum) is the herte.- Wic. Ecclus. xvi. 20. cation to the trade or profession, art or craft; skill; With a fool ne speke thou myche, and with a mys felende generally to the condition of life; from needful occu
16. xxi. 14. MINUTE. See Piers Plouhman in v. Mistund, go thou not awey.—Id.
pation, to need. infra.
MIS-GLOSE, v. To glose (qv.) amiss.
In Spenser, “ It mistreth not to tell,” is, it skilleth Y sekeles and evesynges,
Aucthority misglosed by mannes reason.
not; it needeth not; there is no need or occasion. Thorugh hete of the sonne,
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. In Robert of Brunne (p. 94), Maister of that
Mister, is of that trade.
Of meate (Chaucer) he hath no mistere—no need. Sothli whanne o pore widowe had comen, sche sente By the mysgydynge of the sterysman, he was set upon tweye mynutis, that is, a ferthing (minuta). the pylys of the brydge and the barge whelmyd, so all were
And in Scotch, to mister is to need. Jamieson. Wic. Mark xii. 42. drownyd.–Fabyan. Cronycle, Henry VI. An. 1430.
What Mister man (Chaucer); what Mister wight
} See Mortar.
MOU (Spenser); what manner of man, of what condition Thy beste cote, Hankyn,
It is a ful trie tree, quod he, of life.
Hath many moles and spottes,
Trewely to telle;
Mercy is the more therof,
The myddul stok is ruth. i. e. profession. MOLE.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10802. He ne held it no maistrie,
In that day shal a man throwe awey the maumetes of This Troilus, withouten rede or lore Save tho he leched Lazar,
his siluer, and the symulacris of his gold that he had mad As man that hath his joyes eke forlore, That hadde y-leye in grade.
to hym, that he shulde honoure moldewerpes (talpas) and Was waiting on his ladie evermore, Piers Plouhmans Vision, v. 11027. reremees.- Wic. Is. ii. 20.
As she that was sothefast the croppe and more
Whanne ze maken a coneitouse prest to stonde at the Of all his lust or joyes heretofore.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. 5, v. 25.
MORE, adj MORE, S. Sprong vp the sote grene gras,
MOMENT. As faire, as thicke, as mister (need) was.- Id. Ib. v. 1426.
Aske thi fadir, and he shal telle to thee, thi more (L V. Hyl. I lay it down for a principle, that the moments or thi grettere men, majores), and thei shulen seie to thee. MIS-TROW. quantities of motion in bodies, are in a direct compounded
Wic. Deut. xxxii. 7. I spredde out myn hondis al dai to , puple mistroufal in them. – Berkeley. Diulogue i.
reason of the velocities and quantities of matter contained Thei bírieden hym with his moris (majoribus suis). (L.V. unbileueful, incredulum), that goth in a wei not good,
Id. 4 Kings xv. 7, after ther thinkungus.- Wic. Is. lv. 2.
MONEST. See MONISH.
Every cause is more and worthier than thing caused, and
in the mores possession all things lesse ben counted. MIS-TRUST. MONG-CORN. MENE-MONG, i. e. mixed in a
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. We han synned bifor the Lord onre God, and wee han mean or moderate degree.
MORIGERATE. not leeued, mystrostende in to hym (L. V. and tristiden
(Thei) mene-mong corn breed
They ought rather to have charged the defects in this not, diffidentes.)- Wic. Bar. i. 17.
To her mete fongen.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 1567. kind upon the errors and contumacie of the mind, whicb MIS-USE.
refuseth to be pliant and morigerous (morigera) to the naMONK, s.
ture of things. God to hym a place of penaunce zaf, and he mysuseth it For Christian monkism had not its beginning till many
Wats. 'Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. v. c. 2. in to pride (abutitur).- Wic. Job xxiv. 23.
years after (Jewish monkism of the Essens). It had its (They) speken wickidnesse azens a iust man; in pride beginning about the year of our Lord 250.
MORSEL. and in misusyng. (E. V. abusion, abusione.)
Prideaux, pt. ii. b. 5. For men gyuynge tent to drinkis, and zyuynge mussels Id. Ps. XXX. 19.
(L.V. scot, symbolum) togidre, schulen be waastid.
MONO-MANIA. Gr. Movos, and pavia, madMIS-WAIE. The wrong way.
Wic. Prov. xxiü, 21. Love maketh all to gone miswaie.
ness. Madness on one subject alone. A word now MORTAL. Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4769. unhappily in most common use.
We ben cast down, but we perischen not, evermore
beringe about the mortifying of Jhesa Crist in oure body.
MOON, in Gower, is of the masculine gender. (L.V. sleyng, mortificationem.)— Wic. 2 Cor. iv. 10. MITE, MITING; used by Skelton as a diminutive denoting Affection, A tiny one. See MULLING, infra. See HE.
The great Physician is come, to free us not onely from And the moone (luna) in alle thingus in his tyme shewende all mortiferous diseases, but from mortality itself. MOAN. of tyme, and tokne of the spirituel world. Of the moone
Barrow, v. iii. p. 504. Ser. xliii. I make mone to God.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9637. the signe of the holy day; a list zyuere that is lassid in the ending. The mooncth (mensis) aftir his name is waxende,
MORTAR. MOAT, v. See MUTE, v. merueylously into the ful ending.
If thou bete togidere a fool in a morter (in pila) as hoolid
Wic. Ecclus. xliii. 6, 7, 8. barli smytende up on the pestel, shal not ben take awei fro MOAT, v. Benethe all other (planets) stont the moon.
hym his folie.- Wic. Prov. xxvii. 22. Conscience commaandede tho And euery fishe, whiche hath a shelle,
The Lord God shewid to me these thingus: and loo! the Alle cristene to delve
Mote in his gouernance dwelle.
Lord stonding un a wall teerid or mortred (L. V. plastrid, And make a muche moot.
(He) is not of him selfe bright,
litum), and in the hond of hym a truel of mason. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13689. But as he taketh it of the sonne.
ld. Amos vü. 7. An arm of Lethe, with a gentle flow,
Gower. Conf. Am, b. vii. fo. 141'. MORTRESS. Arising upwards from the rock below,
The professors of them (metaphysics and logic) are moon- MORTREW, The Palace moats.-Dryden. Ceyr and Alcyone. blind wits.- Warburton. Divine Legation, b. i. $ 4.
MOST. MOB. North says—the word was adopted in MOON. 7 Modern taste or affectation has
The moost meschief on molde the assemblies of the Green Ribbon Club, in 1680, MOON-LIT. I introduced this p. p. to supplant the Is mountynge wel faste.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 133. twelve years before Dryden's use of it in his Cleo-old adj. moonlight. Southey knew better.
MOTETE. Fr. Motet, from Mot. A verse in menes. See the Quotation from Tatler in v. Bubble, So Urien sought Goervyl, whom he found supra.
Alone and gazing on the moonlight sea. - Southey. Madoc, music, or of a song; a poesie; a short lay. Cot. b. i. pt. 1; also 16. b. xiii. and 16. b. iii. pt. 2.
And he made to stonde syngeres azen the auter; and in I may note that the rabble first changed their title and
the soun of hem he made swete motetes. (L.V. also motetas, were called the mob, in the assemblies of this Club. (i.e. MOOT.
dulces modos.)- Wic. Eccl. xlvii. 11. The Green Ribbon Club, 1680, twelve years before Dryden's
It helpe him nothing for to mote Cleomenes was published.)-North. Erumen. p. 574.
. To gete ageyn that he hath lore. Some abbreviations (are) exquisitely refined ; as pozz
Gower. Conf. Am. I. viii. 1772.
Oure bakkes that mothe-eten be. for positive, mobb for mobile, &c.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6340. Swift. Polite Conversation. Introduction. MORAL, s. is, in the singular, applied to any He bilde ap his hows as a mowzhe. (L.V. mouste, tinea.) L. Cath. (There is) Kitty Linnet, a little play actor, who lesson in morals or morality; to be inferred from any
Wic. Job xxvii. 18. gets applauded and hissed just e'en as the mobility wills. discourse, or story-real or fictitious.
Troy. Whilst some with cunning guild their copper Away, profane! Hence to your mother-land.
crownes, MOB. See SLOP. A dress easily slipt on or off.
Southey. Madoc, pt. ii. 6 7. With truth and plainnesse—I doe weare mine bare: The very mother-language which I learnt, Mob, a dress—a cap-easily moved or removed.
Feare not my truth: the moral of my wit
A lisping baby on my mother's knees, I hare often thought wrapping gowns and dirty linen, Is plaine and true--ther's all the reach of it.
No more with its sweet sounds to comfort me.-Id. Ib. 65. with all that huddled economy of dress which passes under
Shakespeare. Troilus and Cressida, act iv. sc. 4. the general name of mob, the bane of conjugal love, and Homer's moral was to urge the necessity of union, and
MOTION, &c. See Move. one of the readiest means imaginable to alienate the affec- of a good understanding betwixt confederate states and tions of an husband, especially a fond one. princes engag'd in a war with a mighty monarch ; as also
MOVE. MOVED. See Woollaston in v. Traduce. Spectator, No. 302.
---of discipline in an army, and obedience in their several These corsede theves MOCK. chiefs to the supreme commander of the joint forces.
Fleeth a man for his moebles.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11916.
Dryden. Virgil. Dedication to the Æneid.
Good and bad stars moralize not our actions, and neither Swiche motyves thei mene,
And al to-moued (commovebitur) shal be the lond. MODERATE, o.
Broune. Christian Morals, pt. iii. $ 7.
Wic. Jer, li. 29. The Dukes would gladly have modered the matter.
Bossu is of opinion, that the poet's first work is to find a (Ladies) shall hem telle so fele tidings (many). Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 569.
moral, which his fable is afterwards to illustrate and esta- What with kissing and with talkinges,
blish. This seems to have been the process only of Milton; How moderance and attemperance (are appropryd) to old
That certes if thei trowed be, the moral of other poems is incidental, and consequent; in Shall never leve hem londe ne fe; age.-The Boke of Tulle of Did Age. Caston. Milton's only it is essential and intrinsic.
That it n'ill as the mocble fare,
Johnso. Life of Milton. Of whiche they first delivered are.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 6048. With this caution : that the mind for its module (pro To point a moral or adorn a tale.
Enery man shold mortefye in hym self the moeuynges of modulo) be dilated to the amplitude of the mysteries of
Id. Vanity of Human Wishes. hys flessh. - The Golden Legend, fo. 22, c. 2.
carry with them a certaine piercing and mordicant quality, It (time) wol not come again MOKEL. See Mucu.
yet pleasant withal, whereby they provoke and quicken the Let us not moulen thus in idelnesse.
Chaucer. Man of Lawes Prol. v. 4452. MOLE.
MORE. There are several instances in Piers MOUNT. Fr. Monture. A horse to ride on, a Ac it (a coat) was moled in many places With manye sondry plottes.
Plouhman, and see v. 9855.-(Arbor) vitium habet saddle-horse. Cot. Generally, the animal mounted, Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8583. in radice.
rode. See Piers Plouhman in v. Most, supra.