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And comen shul thei fro the wilde feldus, and fro the MULTIFARIOUS.
muuntuous places. (L. V. hilli placis, montuosis.)

Wic. Jer. xvii. 26.

According to the multifariousness of this imitability, 80

are the probabilities of being. And forward sparr'd his mouenture fierce.

Norris. Miscellanies (in Todd).
Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b, vii. st. 96:
also b. xvü. st. 28.
MUNS, i. e. Mouth, qv. And see Junius, Goth.


Gloss. in v. Munths. We have an old saying, For the creaturis of God into hate ben mad, and tempting to the soule of men, and into a mouscacche (L.V. trappe, “Stuff it in your Muns."

NAIL. By nailes, by Goddes nailes: the nails muscipulan) to the feet of unwise men.

Why, you jade, you look as rosy this morning, I must

with which he was nailed to the Cross. See ChauWic. Wisd. xiv. 11. have a smack at your muns.-Foote. The Minor, act i.

cer in Dictionary. MOW. A mow of sheeues (acervus manipulorum) MURDER.

(And) nailed hym with thre nailes is in Wiclif, Ruth iïi. 7, a var. r. of " Heep of hand

For murtheris are many leches ;

Naked on the roode.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12176.

Lord hem amende.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4347.
To Mow up, To acervate. Cockeram.


A tax for repairing walls. Spel-
MOW, o. To may; to be able; or have might;

Who so doth this, the schenship of his flesh he shal

MURAGE. man. In N. Bacon's Historical nakyn. (L. V. make nakid, nudabit.)— Wic. Lev. xx. 19. (posse) is common in Wiclif. Chaucer (Boecius, b.

MURAGIUM. Discourses, c. Ixvi p. 229, Murage Forfend thi foot fro nakidhed (L. V. nakidnesse, a nudiiv.p.4.) renders the Lat. Potestas, by the

mowing,” is named as an unwonted imposition upon Church- tate), and thi throte fro thrist. --Id. Jer, ii. 25. Than thou schalt mowe reise thi face without wem. (E.V.

O nice men, why nake ye your backes (cur, inertes, terga moun, levare poteris.)— Wic. Job xi. 15.

nudatis ?).-Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv. m. 7. Thou hast ordeyned his termes, that shal not moun be

The incessant care and labonr of his mind passid over (qui præteriri non poterunt).-Id. 16. xiv. 5. Hath wrought the mure, that should confine it in,

NAKERES. L. Lat. Nacara. A kind of brazen Then he shulde not mowe demeane him in undirstondyng

So thin, that life looks through and will break out.

Shakespeare. Henry IV. Pt. 11. act iv. sc. 9. drum used in the cavalry. Tyrwhitt. And see nor ia mynde, neither he shuld mowe be of power to undir

Du Cange.
take any thyng of worship.
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, ii. 1.

Pipes, trompes, nakeres, and clariouns,
And ben shal the moreyn (L. V. careyn, morticinum) of That in the bataille blowen blody sounes.
MOW, i.e. Mouth.
this paple, in to mete to the foules of heuene and to the

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2513. Thei weren scaterid, and not compunct, thei temptiden bestus of erthe.- Wic. Jer. vii. 33.

NALE. me, thei stormiden me with mouyng. (E.V. thei unuler- MUSCLE

(They) songen atte nale. mouiden me with undermowing, subsannaverunt me subsan

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4027. natione.)- Wic. P3. xxxiv. 16.

A good piece, the painters say, must have good muscling, Thou hast put us repref to oure nejebores; under mouw

as well as colouring and drapery.

Shaftesbury. Mor. pt. i. s. 1. NAME. NAMELY; Wiclif renders the Lat. vel ing (subsannationem) and scorn to hem that ben in our

and præsertim, namelich, namely. enayroun.-Id. 16. xliii. 14,

MUSE. MUSET. Cot. has Musette. A little hole,

And whanne a childe was conseyued, she nemyde (E. V. MUCH. See Piers Plouhman in v. Moat. corner or hoard to hide things in; from Musser, to

nemnyde, vocavit) the childe borun, Onam. What berth that buyrn? (man) quod I. hide, &c., which Menage derives from the Lat.

Wic. Gen. xxxviii. 4. Thre leodes in oon lyth,

This boke of namys is vicious And thilk nemenMussare. Noon lenger than oother,

And chase them thorowe the muse

yngis not men as many eymen, bot cytees, and regiouns, Of oon muchel and might

and wodis, and prouyucis sownen.
In mesure and in lengthe.
Of your noughty counsell.- Skelton. Replycacion, v. 212.

Id. Prol. to 2 Paralipomenon.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11172.
The Pope, observing how the English bishops had for-

saken their archbishop, espyed a nuse through which all
Thou spakist that thou schuldist do wel to me, and schuld-

i. e. Ne was, was not, and see Nam, in the game of the Popedom might soon escape, and the Pope NES. ist alarge my seed as the grauel of the see, that mai not be

be left to sit upon thorns in regard of his authority here in Nys.
noumbrid for mychilnesse. (E. V. multitude, pra multitu-
dine.) - Wic. Gen. xlii. 12.

N. Bacon. Historical Discourses, pt. i. c. 58, p. 184.

He nas kyng bote on jer.-Robert of Gloucester, v. 217. And it (the hail storm) was of so greet mychelnes (myche For these words still left a muse for the people to escape.

Non wonder it nys.-Id. v. 289. greetnesse, magnitudinis), how greet bifore neuer apeeride

Id. 16. c. 63, p. 207.

Ther n'as no good day, ne no saluing, in alle the loond of Egipte, sith that folk was mand.

But, streit, withouten wordes rehercing,
Id. Er. ix. 24.

Every of hem helpe to armen other.
That the mochefold wygdom of God (L. V. myche fold,

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1651. multiformis) be knowen by princis and potestatis.

MUST, s.
Id. Eph. iii. 10. I drynke right ripe must.

NATURE. A natural child, at common law, is (Her eyen were)

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12822. an illegitimate child; but in the civil (Roman) law, Simple, of good mokel (i. e. size), and not to wide.


it seems contradistinguished from an adopted child. Chaucer. The Boke of the Duchesse, v. 862.

And see the Quotation from Shakespeare, infra. The next delage is that of fire; which will have the same

And never thelesse the mutableness and enyl disposition bounds, and overflow the surface of the earth, much-what of men it is so grete in our dayes,

Nature, the Vicare of the Almighty,

The Boke of Tulle of ou Age. Carton. That hote, cold, heuie, light, moist and drie
in the same manner (as that of water).
Burnett. Theory, b. iii. c. 2.
In flannen robes the coughing ghost does walk,

Hath knitt, by even number of accord

In easie voice, began to speake.
And his mouth moats like cleaner breech of hawk.

Dryden. Suum cuique.

The Assemble of Foules, v. 179. (Ye myghte) bere muk a feld.

I tell thee, Charles, it is the stubbornest yong fellow of
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4081.
MUTE, adj.

France, full of ambition, an enuious emulator of euery I shal clense the relikis of the hows of Jeroboam, as is In mowet (dumhly) spake I, so that nought asterte,

man's good parts, a secret and villanous contriuer against wonted to be clensid muk unto the pare. (L. V. dung,

By no condicion, word that might be hard.

mee his naturall brother. fimus.) - Wic. 3 Kings xiv. 10.

Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 148.

Shakespeare. As You Like It, act i. sc. 1, fo. 186. MUTTER.

That which all men have at all times learned, Nature MUCK. To run a muck.

Therfore whan Dauid hadde herd his seruauntis speking

herself must needs have taught, and God being the AuThe Malays, maddened with opium, rush out, dagger in priveli, ether moterynge (E. V. musyng, mussitantes), he

thor of Nature, her voice is but his instrument. By her, hand, crying amok, ámok; i.e. kill, kill. understood that the zonge child was deed.

from him, we receive whatsoever in such sort we learn. See Ency. Met. art. Molay.

Wic. 2 Kings xii. 19.

Hooker. Ecclesiastical Polity, b. i. $ 8. MUCKEL. See Much, And knowen shul the errende in spirit understonding,

Natural born subjects are such as are born within the and the musures (L. V. idet men, mussitatores) shul lerne

dominions of the crown of England; that is, within the MULBERRY. the lawe.--Id. Is. xxix. 24.

liegiance, or as it is generally called, the allegiance of the

King, and aliens, such as are born out of it. And the kyng zane in to Jerusalem syluer and gold as

Blackstone. Commentaries, v. i. ch. 10. stonys, and cedris as long mulberies. (L.V. as sycomoris,

MYRRH. quasi sycomoros.)- Wic. 2 Par. i. 15.

The thridde (of the Magi)

Presented him with pitee,

And the axe-tre of hem, and the spokys, and the felys,
Apperynge by mirre.

and the naue (modioli), all poten.- Wic. 3 Kings vii. 33. And be putte upon a multynge (L. V. peyne, ether raun- For mirre is mercy to mene,

His strengthe (is) in his leendis, and his vertue in the sum, mulctam), in an hundreth talentis of syluer, and a And mylde speche of tonge.

nauele of his wombe (umbilico ventris).-Id. Job xl. 11. talent of gold.- Wic. 4 Kings xxiii. 33.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13137.
MULE, s. The Fr. Mulet Cot. interprets - A

moyle, mulet, or great mule; and adds, that this Thei shulde ben enoynt with myrtine oile. (L.V. oile of And alle manere of men

That thow might aspie, great mule is much used in France for carriage of myrte tre, oleo myrrhino.)— Wic. Esth. ii. 12.

That nedy ben and noughty, sumpters, &e. Smollett uses the name moyle in dis- MYSTERY.

Help hem with thi goodes. tinction from mule :-“ the former (the progeny of

Piers Ploukman's Vision, v. 4245. Exodus is open with ten plagis, with the ten hestis, with ass and mare) he loads with baggage, on the latter mystik, and with Goddis preceptis.- Wic. Eph. Pref. p. 68. NAVY. (the progeny of horse and she-ass) he mounts the James, Petre, Joon and Judee, maden seuene Epistlis, Forsothe Kyng Salomon made a nouee (L. V. o schip,

as wel goodly and mystik as compendiouse.--Id. 16. p. 73. classem) in Aziongaber ..., And Yram sente in that servants.”—Gil Blas, b. xii. c. 12.

When in subsequent times Shaftesbury became ac- nauee his seruauntis, schipmen and wise of the see. MULL. quainted with the good Bishop (Burnet), he took undue

Wic. 3 Kings vii. 33. He calleth me his whyting

advantage of his credulity, and mystified him exceedingly. NAWL. His mullyng and his mytyng,

Campbell's Lives of Chancellors, i. 298.

And the Lord shal perse his eere with a nal (L. V. m His soft-ling, his tender-ling.

alle, subula), and he schall be seruaunt to hym til in to the Skelton. El. Rum. v. 224.

world (in seculum).- Wic. Ex. xxi. 6.




“ Children of sons;” in Bible, 1549, “ Neues; in Of my next neghebore, The pris neet of Piers plow, M. V.“ Nephews," from Gr. Ekyova.

And nymen of his erthe.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, r, 8774. Passynge alle othere.

This year dyed Helda, the holy

abesse of Whythy before Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13487. spoken of; she was the neuew of Edwyne, some tyme, and NO. Nobut, pronounced nõbūt, is common in the And Amos answerde, and seide to Amasye, Y am not a lutely, Kynge of Northumberland.

North. prophete, Y am not the sone of a prophete ; but a nete herd

Fabian. Chronicles, cap. cxxxv. p. 121. Yam. (L. V. a herd of neet, armentarius.)

(Clodoneus) herynge reporte of the beaute and great

No but (nisi) of the befest were sent ont visityng ne gyue Wic. Amos vii. 14.

thon in hem thin herte.- Wic. Ecclus. xxxiv, 6. vertue of Clotilda, neuew to Candebald, Kynge or ruler of NECESSARY.

Burgoyne, sente unto hym a knight named Aurelius, to Forsothe Y say to you, no but (L. V. that but, quia nisi) treate a maryage atween the Kynge and Clotild.

zif toure riztwisnesse shal be more plenteuouse than of Lo! ther is not helpe to me in me: also my necessarie

Id. 16. xcvii.


71. Scribis and Pharisees, je shulen not entre in to kyngdam men wenten awei fro me. (L. V. meyneal frendis, neces

of henene.-ld. Mat. v. 20. sarii mei.)- Wie. Job vi. 13; and in 2 Mac. iv. 3, neces- NERE. Ne were.

See Nas, supra. saries, or niz freendes.

NOBLE. Though sometimes necessitousness be dumb, or misery NESH.

And be prester at your preiere
speak not out; yet true charity is sagacious, and will find
out hints for beneficence.

God hath maad neische myn hert (E. V. tempride, mol- Than for a pound of nobles (the coin).
Browne. Christian Morals, pt. i. ch. 6.
livit); and Almizti God hath disturblid me.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, T. 6210.

Wic. Job xxiii. 16. NECK.

And he (Eleasar) began for to thenke the worthi excel. A nesshe answere (L. V. soft, mollis) breketh wrathe; lence of age, and of his elde, and freborun horenesse of In that dai the Lord shal don awei the ournement of shon

an hard woord rereth woodnesse.-Id. Prov. xv. 7. noblei (ingenitæ notilitatis canitiem) and of best lyuyng fro and pynnes, and sheweres (specula), and necke cou

child.- Wic. 2 Mac. vi. 23. ercheues. (L. V. small lymun clothis about the schuldris, NETHER.

Those who of commoners are nobilified (plebeios nobiles) sindones; var. r. neckercheuys.)— Wic. Is. iii. 23. Thou shalt not taak in stedde of a wed, the nethermore are all alike and of the same profession.

Holland. Livy, b. xxii. c. 34, p. 453. and ouermore grynstoon (L. V. lowere and hijere) (of thi NECROMANCER. In Deut. xviii. 11, the M.V.

brothir), for his lijf he put to thee.- Wic. Deut. xxiv. 6. has this word. In Wic. it is Counseil rerers of deed

My mouth is not hid fro thee, the whiche thou madest NOETICAL, adj. Gr. Nontiros, from vo-elv, to men. In Bible, 1549, it is propheciar, explained in in priue : and my substaunce is in the nethermoris of the think, to understand ; distinguished by Cudworth the margin, “ Thei aske ye aduyse of the dead that erthe. (L. V. lower partis, inferioribus.)

from Phantastical. See PHANTASM.

Id. Ps. cxxxviii. 15. coniure sprites in the night, thinking that thei are

There are spurious phantasms that do little or nothing

NEVER. soules departed."

symbolize with the noetical cogitations, that yet are arbiAnd he seide, Nerthelatere (L. V. netheles, veruntamen) | trarily or customarily annected to them merely because the NEDDER. my puple (it) is, sonus not denyende, and mad is to them a

phantastic power would not stand wholly idle and unem. Eche a word that he warpe saueour.- Wic. Is. Ixiii. 8.

ployed.--Cudworth. Immutable Morality, b. iv. c. 1. Was of a nedures tonge.

NEW and New-Now and now, qv.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2618.

NOISE. Also, the persons making the noise, as NEED.

A clene herte forme in me, God, and a rizt spirit inwardli newe (L. V. make thou newe, innova) in my bowelis.

a noise of musicians. See Shakespeare, Henry IV. To absteyn fro oothis nedeles and unleeveful, and to es

Wic. Ps. 1. 12. Pt. 11. act ii. sc. 4; and Milton, a Solemn Music, chewe pride, and speke onour of God ..... is matir and

And Pandare wept as he to water would,

v. 18, “ A melodious noise." cause now whi prelatis .. sclaundren men, and clepen hem lollardis . :..-Wic. Bible. Prol. p. 33.

And poked ever his nece, newe and newe.

A leccherous thing (is) win; and noiseful (is) drunkenesse

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iii. v. 116. (L. V. ful of noise, tumultuosa); who so euer in these thingis Also lordis and prelatis exciten strongly to ydolatarie,


deliteth shal not be wis.- Wic. Prov. xx. I.
for thei sweren custumably, nedelessly, and ofte unuvisely
and fals, by the membris of God, of Crist, and by Seintis. And then she nicked him Naye,

Old K. Have you prepar'd good musick!
Id. 16. And I doubt sheele do you the same.

Sir Gr. As fine a noise, uncle, as heart can wish.
King Estmere (in Percy).

Beaum. and Fletcher. Wit at Several Weapons, act i. Who thost this up on Tyrun (Tyre) sum tyme crouned, whos nedetoeris (weren) princis (L. V. merchauntis, nego


NIECE. The Lat. Neptis ex filia, is rendered by tiatores), his marchaundis noble men of the erthe.

Id. Is. xxiii. 8. Wielif, in L. V. neece of thy douzter; and in E. V. And if oon hadde be hard nollid (E. V. rered up the nol, The travaile of Egipt, and the nede doing (negotiatio) or thi douzter douzter. Lev. xviii. 10. And in Gen. cervicatus) (it is) wondur if he hadde be giltles.

Wic. Ecclus. xvi. 11. merchaundise of Ethiope, and of Sabaym.-Id. 16. xlv. 14.

xxxi. 43, Nepotes mei, E. V. mi neeces; and L. V.
And some ysain that nedrly, there is none,
sones of sones.

NOMBRE, i. e. Number, qv.
But that fre choice is yeven us everichone.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 970. NIFLE.

For nedefully, behoveth it nat be

I am as full of game
That thilke thinges fallen in certaine

As euer I was, and as full of tryfyls,
That ben purveyed; but nedefully as they saine,
Behoveth it, that thinges which that fall,

Nil, nihilum, nihil, anglice nyfyls.

Skelton. Magnyfycence, v. 1157. NON-CONFORMING. Non-conformist, or nonThat they in certaine ben purveyed all. Id. Ib. b. iv, vv. 1004, 6.

conforming clergy. Those who refused to conform to NIGGLE, O. To play a trick of mockery or What it was we hear not;

the Church of England by subscribing certain artiNo preface needs, thou seest we long to know.

NIGGLER, s. ) delusion (on ourselves or others) cles required by the Act of Uniformity, An. 1662 ; Muton. Samson Agonistes, v. 1554.

in Todd. One who is clever and dextrous (sc. in and see the Quotation from Fuller. NEEDLE. playing such tricks). North, Grose. The Fr, Niger,

The juditious reader will distinguish three classes of The girdil forsothe of bijs foldun afen, porpur and reed to trifle; to play the fop or nidget. Cotgrave (see Non-conformists, 1. Antient Non-conformists here in King cloth, twynned with nedle craft. (L, V. craft of broyderie, NIDING, Nidget), has been proposed; but Niggle Edward's daies, who desired only to shake down the leaves

.)28. He hath his right cours forth holde may be nickle, a dim. of Nick, in its consequential of Episcopacy, misliking only some of the gurments. 2.

Middle Non-conformists, in ihe end of Queene Elizabeth By stone and nedle till he cam usage of to Cheat, &c. See Nick.

and beginning of King James, who struck at the branches To Tarse, and there his lande he nam.

Take heed, daughter,

thereof'; chancellours and officials, and other appendent Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 1764. And niggle not with your conscience and religion. limbs, which they endeavoured to remove. 3. Modern

Massinger. Emperor of the East. Non-conformists, who did lay the axe to the root of the NEENTISHE, v. See ANIENT.

I shall so feed your fierce vexation,

tree, to cut down the function itself, as unlawfull and antiAnd he shal confounde thee in his metes, to the tyme he And raise your Worship's storms: I shall so niggle you,

christian.-Fuller. Church History, Cent. xvi. b. vii. $ 30. neentishe (L. V. anyntische, erininiat) thee twies or thries, And juggle you; and tiddle you, and firk you.

A. D. 1550. and in the laste he shal scorne thee.- Wic. Ecclus. xiii. 8.

Beaumont and Fletcher. Pilgrim, act iv. sc. 3.


His nesing (L. V. fnesynge, sternutatio) (is) shynyng of And it negheile neigh the noon.

NON-POWER. In Wiclif, Bible, Wisd, xi. 10, fyr, and his ezen as ezelidis of morntid.— Wić. job xli. 9.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13934. on the words, “Her thouzt myzt not be chaungid," NEGLECT.

Hecam neisynge to the curtin (E.V. nezhonde, prosimans), is this note.

and he reiside it, and siz the deed body with out the heed But the Leuytis diden it more negligently (negligentius). of Holofernes.- Ilic. Judith xiv. 14.

This is not outirli nnunpower; but in party, for as longe Wic. 2 Par. xxiv. 5. The neezh forsothe (L. V. neizbore, propinquus) of them

as a man lyueth, he may turne a}en to good; but this nouiNEIGH. is strong; and he shal demen azen thee the causis of hem.

power is in parti, for suche men moun turne afen with Id. Prov. xxiii. 11.

hardnesse, from the custom of synne enclynynge bi Whether shalt tho gyue to the hors strengthe, or don

maner of kynde. about his necke neyenge (hinnitum).- Wic. Job xxxix. 19.

Not that sche (Judith) purposede to bringe hym to dedly

synne, but that he schulile desire to have hir to wijf, and NEIGHBOUR. bi this thing Judith schulde hane homeli neizing to him,

NON-SURETY. In-security. But a womman shal axe of hir neizboresse (vicina), and by which sehe myzte sle him.

They euery day put it in peryll and nonsurete.

Id. Judith xvi. 11, mar. note. of her boostessee siluern vesselis, and goldun, and clothis.

Wurcestre, Erle of. Oracion of Flammeus Cayus.
Wic. Ex. iii. 22.

NEMENE, NEMPNE, i. e. Name, qv.
Leten I nelle (I will not let or hinder)

Just men and wise men ben; and her werkis ben in the
That ech man ne shal haue his.

hond of God: and netheless a man noot (E. V. wot not. NEPHEW. Lat. Nepos (most probably from

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3404.

nescit) whether he is worthi of loue or of hatrede. ne-potis ; hence the contracted form neptis ; primary NIM.

Wic. Eccles. ix. 1. signification—not strong, weak. Freund). Neptis,

If I yede to the plough,

She hath lost all appetite
I pynched so narwe,

Of mete and dryuke, of nightes rest, as also nepos, were used in both mas. and fem. In

A foot lond or a forow

As she that note what is best. Wiclif, 1 Tim. v. 4, the Lat. Nepotes, is rendered Fecchen wolde

Gower. Conf. Am. I. 8, fo. 1783.



NOW. Now and now (as New and new, qv.) OBJECT, v. s. Object and Subject are in metaagain and again.

physics distinguished-Object, expressing the cause, NORIE, s. A foster child. Filius nutricius,

And ever as she stood

and Subject, the effect-Object, the external thing, alumnus.

She swouned now and now, for lack of blood. (This ladye) saied these wordes, O my Norie, wenest thoa

Chaucer.' The Squieres Tale, v. 10744. Language has but one name for both. This dis

and Subject, the internal thought. See THING. that my maner bee to foryete my frendes?

Nothing is there to come, and nothing past;
Chaucer. Tést. of Loue, b. i. But an eternal Now does ever last.

tinction, however, is in great favour with modern O my notice (norie, alumne), quod she; Philosophy, I say

Cowley. Darideis, b. i. metaphysicians, who extend the application of the thou art blisfull, if thou put this therto that I shall sayne. (The schoolmen) supposed eternity a standing point with word subject, from the thought to that which thinks

Id. Boecius, b. iii. pr. 9. God, or a perpetual Now, so that all past and future ages -the mind; see the Quotation from Coleridge, who

are as actually present before him, as this instant moment elsewhere finds need for the v. To objectize, and the NORMAL. Lat. Normalis, from Norma, a rule; | is with us. - a rule to measure right angles. Fr. Normal (a Tucker. Light of Nature, pt. ii. c. 13, & 2, Eternity. substantives— Objectivity and Subjectivity. modern word). Florio has — It. Norma, normare, Yet years were not-one dreadful Now

The Subject (be it observed) is the Ego of the Endur'd no change of night or day. normecole. See ENORM. The Fr. Ecoles Normales

German School, and the Object is the Non Ego.

Crabbe. Sir Eustace Grey. Coleridge (see infra) opposes the Phænomena—by were first established in France, An. 3 of the Republic.

NOY. The Early Version of Wiclif writes noyze, which the Existence of Nature is made known to Measured by, conformed to, rule; constructed the later anoie. “He shal speke wordis of anoie," us—to Self or Intelligence. All are but new terms upon, conducted according to, regular, systematic loquetur verba tædii.—Ecclus. xxix. 6.

for the Sensible qualities of Locke and Berkeley, and principles. Applied to schools in which future How longe, fee litle childer, looven childhed, and foolis

for the Mind of the former, and for the Spirit or

of the latter, teachers are trained and taught upon such princi- tho thingus that ben noysum (L.V. harmful) shul coveiten, Mys

In Siris, 292, Berkeley and unprudent men shuln haten kunning. ples,--are being practised also“in Preparatory or

teaches, that the real and objective natures of natural

Wic. Prov. i. 22. Model Schools — in the management and tuition of

My soule nappide for nose (L.V. anoye, pre tædio): con

phænomena, i. e. natural appearances, are the same. the children of the poorer classes, ferme thou me in thi woordis.-Id. P. cxviii. 28.

Hale and Cudworth supply instances of the famiThe deviations from the normal type or decasyllable line The Lord is Defendere of my lijf; for whom schal I liar use of Objective and Objectiveness (see in the would not justify us in concluding that it (rhythmical ca- tremble? the while noiful men (L. V, nozeris, nocentes) Dictionary). And the two words, Objective and dence) was disregarded. neizen on me for to ete my fleischis.- Id. ib. xxvi. 2.

Subjective, are employed in opposition as familiarly
Hallam. Literature of Europe, v. i. p. 595. Yet evre' among, sothly to saine,
I suffre noie and mochel paine.

by theological writers. See Subjective, infra. And NOSE. Wiclif renders tortus nasus, a wrong

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3772.

see Richardson on the Study of Words, p. 238, parnose. Lev. xxi. 19.


ticularly the Quotations from Sir William Hamilton The glorie of his (the horse) nosethirlis is drede. (L.V. A bason! cried another, no such matter, 'tis nothing but

and Bishop Berkeley. nesetherlis, narium.) - Wic. Job xxxix. 20. a paltry old sconce, with the nozzle broken off.

Singly (the thoughts of men), are every one of them a NOTE, NOTE-HED. See NOTTED.

Mem. of Martinus Scrib. c. iii. representation or appearance of some quality or other NUMBER

accident of a body without us; which is called an Object. NOTE. Doth his note (Chaucer), minds his Numeri forsothe, whether the conteynen not the myste

Hobbes. Of Man, pt. i. c. 1. mark. ries of al the hool craft of noumbrarie.

Now the sum of all that is merely Objective, we will Wic. Pref. Ep. p. 68.

henceforth call Nature, confining the term to its passive This miller goth agan; no word he said ; But doth his note, and with these clerkes plaid,

Thei dolue myn hondis, and my feet; and ful noum

and material sense, as comprising all the phænomena by

which its existence is made known to us. On the other Till that hir corn was faire and wel yground, brable maden alle my bones. (L.V. thei noumbriden, dinu

hand the sum of all that is Subjective, we may comprehend Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4066. meraverunt.)-Id. Ps. xxi. 18.

in the name of SELF or INTELLIGENCE. Nennins or his Notist avers that Arthur was called Mah.

Coleridge. Biographia Literaria, v. i. p. 259. NUMERATE. Uther, that is to say, a cruel son, for the fierceness that men saw in him of a child. (Uther, signifying in Welch,

The numerosity of the sentence (expressing a proverb) OBLIGE. Pope, in his Prol. to the Sat. 1. 208, Dreadful.)--Milton. History of England, b. iii.

pleased the ear, and the vivacity of the image dazzled the rhymes oblig'd with besieg'd.

fancy.-Dr. Parr. Discourse on Education. As some do perceive, yea, and like it well, they should

Who bacbiteth to any thing, he oblisheth hymself (L. V. be so noticed.-T. Howard, in Harrington's Nugæ Ant.


byndith, obligat) in to the time to come ; who forsothe (from Todd) about 1608.

dredeth the heste, in pes shal wone.- Wic. Prov. xii. 13. It is a noticeable fact, that of all the poets in the interThanne thei leten hir, and Delborah, hir noryshe (L.V.

Thei ben oblisht, and fellen (L. V. boundun, obligati mediate half century, not one who attained any distinction nurse, nutricem), and the seruaunt of Abraham, and the which he has since held, or is likely to hold, was of the withfolloweris of hir.- Wic. Gen. xxiv. 59.

sunt); we forsothe risen, and ben up rizt.-Id. Ps. xix. 9. School of Pope.-Southey. Life of Cowper, v. ii. p. 142.

Obligation necessarily implies an obliger ; the obliger
Some village poet,
NUT. Chaucer writes Note as well as Nut. must be different from, and not one and the same with the

obliged. (See Paley in v. Lavo, supra.)
Who, noteless as the race from which he sprang,
And many homely trees there were,

Warburton. Dwine Legation of Moses, b. i. sec. 4 Saved others names, and left his own unsung.

Notes, &c.-Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1377.
Scott. Waverley, c. xiii.

NOTE-MUGE. s. Nut.

In war and peace, things hurtful we require,

When made obnorious to our own desire. NOTHER. Ne other, Neither, qv.

Dryden. Juvenal, Sat. x. 1. 11. NOUCH. See OUCH.


The remnaunt forsothe of the dedis of Manasse, and the NOUGHT (noght), i. e. naught, qv.

obsecration of hymn to his God (L. V. bisechyng, obsecratio)

0, i. e. One, qv. NOUMPERE. See UMPIRE.

ben conteyned in the Wordis of the kyngis of Israel.

Wic. 2 Par. xxxii. 18. NOURISH.

OASIS, or AUASIS, S. A Greek form of a Coptic With obsecrations (L. V. bisechings) spekith the pore And Moyses seide, Lo! ze encressyngis, and nurreis, or Egyptian word preserved by the Arabs; Wahe, man; and a riche man shal speke out ruggidli.

Id. Prov. xviii. 23. ethir nurschid children (alumni) of synful men, han ryse i. e. habitation; applied to - A small inhabited for foure fadris, that ze schulden encreesse the strong veni-tract, fertilized by springs; surrounded by vast

OBSTETRICATE. aunce of the Lord azens Israel. - Wic. Num. xxxii, 14. deserts, yet protected from the moving sands by gether shunned that dictating and dogmatical way of

For which cause that wise philosopher, Socrates, altoThe candlestik to susteyne the liştes, the vessels of it, hills. The Oasis of Herodotus was a city about teaching used by the sophisters of that age, and chose and lanternes, and oile to the noryshing of fyres. (L. V. nurschyngis, ad nutrimenta.)-Id. Ex. xxxv. 14. seven days' journey from Thebes over the

sands, and rather an aporetical (inquiring doubtfully) and obstetricious Greithed is forsothe fro zisterday, Tofeth, fro the kyng called in Greek, “ The Island of the Happy.”—

method.-Cudworth. Immutable Morality, b. iv. c. 1. greithid ; his nurshemens (nutrimenta) (ben) deep and Thalia, c. xxvi. spred, fyr, and myche wode.- Id. Is. xxx. 33.

Timasius was sentenced to live in Oasis, and sent thither
And kingis shal be thi nurscheres (nutritü), and queenes with the common guard upon him. Now this Oasis was a

There is due from the judge to the advocate some comthi nursis (nutrices).-11. Is. xlix. 23. sad barren place, from whence no man could ever return

mendation and gracing, where causes are well handled Alas, that your benigne eyen, in which that mercie who was once carry'd into it — Zozimus, b. v.

and fair pleaded; especially towards the side which ob

taineth not.-Bacon. Essay. Of Judicature. seemeth to have all his noriture, nill by no wai tourne the clerenesse of mercie to mewardes.


Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i. Forsothe betre is obeischaunce than slayn sacrificis.

Nor obvious hill,
Hire (the miller's wife) thought that a ladie should her (L. V. obedience, obedientia.)-Wic. 1 Kings xv. 22.

Nor streit’ning vale, nor wood, nor stream divides, spare, What for hire kindred and hire nortelrie,


Thir perfet ranks.-Milton. Par. L. b. vi. v. 69. That she had lerned in the nonnerie. This is nothing but a Spartan obfirmation of mind, back'd

The Trojans, Tuscan and Arcadian line, ld. The Reves Tale, v. 3965. with a sense of shame, a desire of glory, on the contentment

With equal courage obviate their design. NOVEL. of being conscious to themselves of their own stoutness and

Dryden. Æneid, b. xii. v. 422. Some novelists make a contracted idea of God, consisting tolerance.-H. More. On Enthusiasm, $ 59.

of nothing else but will and power.
Cudworth. Immutable Morality, b. i. ch. 3, 6 8.

They made great occision.

Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 654.
And after the obite of hym (Abraham) (L. V. deeth,
obitum) God blisside to Ysaac, his sone.

Brave Plantagenet,

Wic. Gen. XXV. 11.

How therefore has nature provided for the opening of That princely novice, was struck dead by thee.

As soon as the kynges obyte was done.

this occluded bill (of the parrot). Shakespeare. King Richard III, act i. sc. 4.

Berners' Froissart, v. ii. P. 140.

Puley. Natural Theology, c. xvi. 8. 4.


OCCUPY. In Luke xix. 13, the Vulgate, Ne- to be the Fr. On, which the Etymologists (Menage

Yet doom'd to be the scene of blacker guilt,

Opprobry more enduring. gotiamini, is rendered by Wiclif-Chaffare; in Bible, and Roquefort) derive from the Old Fr. Hom, man.

Southey. Joan of Arc, b. iii. v. 89. 1549, the expression is, Buy and sel. In Modern Thus-On dit, On fait, are Hom dit, Hom fait. Version, Occupy till I come. A. S. Ceapiath. And Ascham (see in Todd's Johnson) observes, that OR, ORE. Mr. Tyrwhitt says, Grace, favour, see the Quotation from North in the Dictionary. formerly the English used Men, where they now use protection.

Sty vp, and sey to Achab, Joyn thi chare, and cum One. As“ they live obscurely, Men know not how, He wepte on God vaste ynow, and cryde hym myice and down, lest reyn before occupy (occupet) thee. and die obscurely, Men know not when.” We

ore (mercy and grace).- Robert of Gloucester, p. 281. Wicí 3 Kings xviii. 14.

This church, in was (whose) ore I am ido.- Id. p. 475. should say-One knows not how or when. But Bertaulte of Malygnes, who is now renomed the rychest that such usage was established before Ascham’s

Lemman! thy grace, and swetè bird, thyn ore. man of sylver and gold that is knowne in any place by

Chaucer. Marchantes Tale, v. 3724. reason of the course of merchandize that he useth by lund time is manifest from the Quotation from Gower,

OR, i. e. Ere. and see: be occupyeth (i.e. carries on business, tradeth) to in Dictionary. One, has the pl. Ones.

The whiche whanne thow bringyst in, and he etith, he Dāmas, to Cayre, and to Alexandre.

Macd. He has no children.-All my pretty ones ?
Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 318.

blisse to thee or than (L. V.bifore that, priusquam) he die. Shakespeare. Macbeth, act iv. sc. 3.


Gen, xxvii. 10. They that go down to the sea in ships, and occupie by the great waters, they see the workes of the Lord, and his won- ONE. See Athanasian Creed, in v. Three, infra. ORATION. Wiclif renders the Lat. Oratio, ders in the deepe.-Bp. Jewell. Sermon on Josh. vi. 1.

After one (standard), alike. See Chaucer, in Orisoun, Thus haue we made, as it were, a small globe of the in- Dictionary.

Wherfor whan #schines was exilid in to Rody, and tellectual world, as faithfully as we could, togither with a

At one. See ATONE.

thilke orisoun of Demostenes was red, that he had anentis designation and description of those parts which I find not constantly occupate (occupatas) or not well converted by In one (course), without ceasing. Chaucer, infra. bim, alle men wondrynge and preisynge, he seide sore

sijfyng, “ What if ze hadden herd thilke beest tellynge the industry and labour of men.

Non sauh but he one (alone). -Robert of Brunne, p. 44. his owne wordis."— Wic. Pref. Ep. p. 63, col. 2. Wats. Bacon, Advancement of Learning, b. ix. last ch. And thus I wente wilde wher

Judith wente into her oratorie (oratorium) and, clothende Upon ten thousand pounds diligently occupied they may

Walkyng myn one (myself alone).

her with an heire (cilicio), putte askes up on hir hed. live in great plenty and splendour.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5023.

Id. Judith ix. I.
Dr. Johnson to Mrs. Thrale.
That oon dooth, alle dooth,

What errour is so rotten and patrid, which some orato-
And ech dooth by his one (himself alone).

rious varnish hath not scught to colour over with shews of Much more were the Romanes affrighted and troubled

Id. 16. v. 11175. truth and piety. with this sudden occurrent.--Holland. Livy, p. 434. And loo! a man of the companye, criede, seyinge, Mais

Bp. Taylor. Artificial Handsomeness, p. 20 (in Todd). tir, I biseche thee, byhold in to my sone, for he is oon Not in his alb and cope, and orary, OCEAN.

aloone to me (unicus ;, 8 var. r. has oonlepy; and Luke viii. Came Urban now.–Southey. Don Roderick, 6 xviii. Whether thou entridist in to the depthe of the see and 42, olypi; vii. 12, oonlypi, are text readings).

ORCHARD. walkidist in the last partis of the occion (E.V. se, abysmi.)

Wic. Luke ix. 38.
Wic. Job xxxviii. 16. These thingas thenkende, that hem (being) slain, he

Y made ferdis and orcherdis. (E. V. gardynes and appil ODIOUS.

shold aspie (insidiaretur) to oure onlihed (L.V.aloonenesse : gardynes, hortos et pomaria.)- Wic. Eccles. ü. 5.

that is, to us silf aloone, nostre solitudini) and the reume The sone of the odious (L. V. hatefu, odiose) he shal of Persia to ouerbern in to Macedoyne.-Id. Esth. xvi. 14.

ORD. See Or, in Dictionary. knowe Arst goten, and he shal yue to hymn of thes thingis,

And ioyne hem the toon to the tother to thee in to 00 that he hath alle thingis dowble.- Wic. Deut. xxi. 17.

tre: and thei shuln be into oonyng (L. V. onement, unio-
nem) in thin hond.-10. Ezek. Xxxvii. 17.

Ordeigne thee an hons, Piers,

To herbewe inne thi cornes.
Sir! saideth thei, we ben at one,
I thoughte for to have taken alyaunce with an odyffer-

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13596.
By even accorde of everichone,
aunt (odoriferant) floure.
Out take richesse, all onely.

Skelton. Three Fooles. Of Enuy.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 5820. Order itself is only the adaptation of means to an end: OFFEND, v.

And eke his herte had compassion

& principle of order therefore can only signify the mind What is a slander to offend or be an offendide to any

Of wimmen, for they wepten ever in on.

and intention which so adapts them. man! It is whereby the faith or charity of our brother is

Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 1773.

Puley. Natural Theology, c. *. $6. offended or hurt.-Becon. The Demands of Holy Scripture. That lord hath litel of discretion

That in swiche cas can no division,

ORDINAL, ORDINARY, &c. See ORDAIN. OFFSPRING, s. In Fairefax, i. e. spring off or

But weigheth pride and humblesse after on.

Id. ib. v. 1783.

ORGAN. from princes; her princely rank.

And they and he, upon this incorporation and institution, And (I dremed) how Hosanna by organye Nor was her princely offspring damnified, and onyng themself into a realme, ordaynyd, &c.

Oldefolk songen.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12088. Or ought disparag'd by these colours base.

Fortescue (in Crombie), p. 375.
Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. vii. st. 18.
Our God is one, or rather onenesse, and meere unitie,

hauing nothing but it selfe in it selfe, and not consisting faithful, and that is purity

and orthodorness.

I proceed now to the second thing implied in being (as all things doe besides God) of many things. And I schal don aweye Jerusalem, as tablis ben wont to

Ilooker. Ecclesiastical Polity, i. 6 2.

Killingebeck. Sermons, p. 17 (in Todd). ben don aweye ; doynge aweye I schal turnen, and bryngyn ofter (L. V. ful oft, crebrius) the poyntel upon his face. ONEIROCRITICK, s.

OSCITATE, r. Dr. Johnson, though he has not Wic. 4 Kings xxi. 13. OILET. See EYELET. Even to dream that we are dead, was no condemnable

this word in its place (nor has Mr. Todd), uses it to phantasm in old oneirocriticism, as having a signification explain the v. To yawn :-To gape, to oscitate. OKER, v. and s. By this word Wiclif renders troubles anknown unto the dead. of liberty, vacuity from cares, exemption and freedom from

OSTIARY. the Lat. Fanus and Fænerare. From Goth. Auk

Browne. Letter to a Friend.

Lastly (come) ostiaries, which used to ring the bells, and an; A. S. Eac-an, to eke, qv. And see Ocker in ONION.

open and shut the church-doors. Jamieson. To aug-ment, to increase (by lending on Into mynde come to us the goordis, and the peponys

N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, c. I. p. 28. interest).

(melouns), and the leeke, and the uniowns (L. V. oyniouns,
cepa), and the garlekes.- Wic. Num. xi. 5.

OSTRICH. The Lat. Struthio is rendered by Thow shalt oker (L. V. leene) to many folkis, and thi

Wiclif, E. V. ostriche; L. V. a strucioun. Lev. xi. self shal not borwe to oker of eny man. (L.V. take borrow- ONY, i. e. Any, qv.

16. ing, fænus accipies.)-Wic. Deut. xxviii. 12.


OUCH. NOUCH. OLD. In Chaucer, Age; also, Aged man. See

(Thei) seiden to Petre, Trenly and thou art of hem, for Eld, supra.

And he sente to him a golden laxe or nouche, as custame whi and thi speche makith thee opyn. (L. V. known, maHe had a bereg skin cole-black for olde.

- Wic. Mat. xxvi. 73.

is for to be gouen to cosyns of kyngus.

Wic. i Mac. I. 89, et aliter. Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2144. OPERATE, v. And at the last the king hath me behold

OVER. The Glossary to Wiclif's Bible (Oxford, With sterne visage; and seid, What doth this olde

Nor are we ignorant that there is a mere mechanicall Thus far ystope in yeres, com so late

knowledge, which is meerly empericall and operarie (ope-1850) collects numerous examples of Over prefixed, Unto the courte!-Id. Court of Loue, v. 280. rariam) not depending on physique.

and of many where it is merely preposed—now out

Wáts. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iii. c. 5. of use. Some are renderings of the Lat. Trans and OLIFAUNT, i, e. Elephant, qv.


others of Super-in Composition. OLIVE.

Opinion is while a thing is none certaine, and hidde TRANS.

from mens very knowledging, and by no parfite reason I smote you in brenning wynd, and in myldew, the mal- fully declared, as thus: If the sonne be so mokel as men

OVER-BEAR, v. titude of jour gardeyns, and four vijn ferdis; and olyuetis wenē, or els if it be more than the earth.

Thou shalt not ouerbere the teermes of the neizboure or placis wher olyues wexen, and fjge placis eruke eete.

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii. (transferes).-Deut. xix. 14.
Wic. Amos iv. 9.



Gent. Her grace sate downe
God being all things, is contrary anto nothing, ont of To rest awhile, some halfe an houre or so,

He muercarrede them thory ful myche water. (L.V. ledde which were made all things, and so nothing became some- In a rich chaire of state, opposing freely

over, transtulit.)- Wis. x. 18. thing, and omncity informed nullity into an essence. The beauty of her person to the people. Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. & 35.

Shakespeare. Henry VIII. act iv. sc. 1.


The fadir of liştis anentis whom is not ouerchaunging ON-BIDE. See UNBIDE.


(transmutatio). - James i. 17. ONE is used indefinitely, without specifying any bryes and blasphemyes. The Golden Legend, fo. xiv. c. 4. And in thyse foure thynges here Ihu cryst had oppro

OVER-FLEE, v. particular individual, but when so used it is dis

City even then

As a brid that ouerfleth. (L. V. flieth over, transvolat.) tinguished from the numeral One ; and considered Above all cities noted for dire deeds!

Wis. v. 11.



A maid, whose fruit was ripe, not weryeared.
Glorifiende the Lord hou myche soeuere zee schul moun,

Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. ii. st. 14. And hem that knowen not thee thou ouerledist. (L. V. bit.)Ecclus. xliii. 32.

he shal ben ouer wrthi zit. (L. V. be mistiere, supervale- OUGHT. See OWE. ledist ouer, traducis.) Wis. xii. 17. OVER-LEAP, o. OVER. In the var. r. of Wiclif, Job xxxviii.

OUR. In to the chirche thei shul not ouerlepen. (L. V, skippe 30, we find-Overer, i.e. part.-superficies.

Ther was striyf of the sheepherdis of Gerare agenus the ouer, transilient.)-Ecclus. xxxvii. 37.

And thei maden a hode in the ouereste parti (L. V.

sheepherdis of Isaac, seiynge, oure is the water (nostra est

aqua, var. r. ourn).- Wic. Gen. xxvi. 20. hifere, superiori) azens the myddel, and a hemme weayd OVER-LEAVE, v. al about the hode.- Wic. Ex. xxxix. 21.

The dow;tris of hem we shal take wynes, and oure we

shulen yue to hem (nostras, var. r. ourn), Thurz rizt of eritage fe shulen ouerleeuen hem to the after He that loueth sone or doufter ouer me, is nat worthi of

Id. Ib. xxxiv. 2. eomers. (L. V. sende ouer, transmittetis.)-Lev. xxv. 46. me (super me).-Id. Mat. x. 37.

Ouer al (L. V. euery where, ubique) lefe we signes of OVER-PLANT, v.

OUT (see the remark in v. Over) is the prefix gladnesse.- Id. Wis. ii. 9; also vii. 24. And shal be as a tree that is ouer plauntid (L.V. plauntid

from Latin compounds in Ex.

OVER-BRIM, c. quer, transplantatur) vpon watris, that at the humour

To brim over, or pass over the
sendith his rootes.-Jer. xvii. 8.
brim or edge.

Fam. Wisdom comes with lack of food.

Lo! I have out-bake thee but not as syluer. (L.V. sode, OVER-SAIL, 0.


gnaw the multitude,

(seethed,) excori.)- Is. xlviii. 10. In Sichym-risende-ouerseile thou. (L. V. passe ouer Till the cup

of rage o'erbrim. the see, transfreta.)Is. xxiii. 12.

Coleridge. Fire, Famine, &c.


In the synagoge of synnerde men the fyr shall out-brenne.
So might I wene that thinges all and some

(L. V. brenne, ezardebit.)- Ecclus. xvi. 7. The foordis of Jordan that ouersenden into Moab. (L.V. That whilom ben bifall and overcome,

As out-brennynge of fyr, thei shulden vanshe awei. (L.V. lead ouer, transmittunt.) Judges iii. 28.

Ben cause of thilké soveraine purveiaonce

brennyng, ezustio.)-Is. Ixiv. 2. OVER-STYING, s.

That forwote al withouten ignoraunce.
Chaucer. Troylus

and Cressida, b. iv. v. 1069. OUT-COMING, s.
So shal be the doztris of Moab in the ouerstefing of Ar-
Thei crouned hym with thornes sharpe and kene,

To whom tellynge the sweuenes, we herden alle thingis non. (L. V. passing over, transcensu.)- Is. xvi. 2.

The vaines rent, the bloud ran doun apace,

that afterwerde the out-comyng of the thing proved. (L.V. OVER-TURN, v.

With blode overcome were both his eyen.

bifallyng, eventus.)-Gen. xli. 13.

And bolne with strokes was his blessed face. Ouerturne thou not thin egen fro the pore. (L. V. turne

Id. Lam. of M. Mag. v. 129. OUT-DRY, v. ouere, transvertas.)Ecclus. iv, 1.


To green over, met. to colour Alle the buriounyng of hem I shall out-drien. (L. V. OVER-WADE, 0.

drie up, esiccato.- Is. xlii. 15.
Deep waters of the streme of reyn waxiden grete which
may not be over wad. (L. V. waad ouer, transvadari.)
Your love and pity doth the impression All,

Which vulgar scandal stamp'd upon my brow;
Ez. xlvii. 5.

And God shal out-fizten (erpugnabit), or ouercome for thee
For what care I who calls me well or ill,

thyn enemys.-Ecclus. iv. 33.

So you d'er-green my bad, my good allow! OVER-ABOUND, u.

Shakespeare. Sonnet cxii.

OUT-GLAD, . Sothli the grace of our Lord ouer habounde. (L. V. ouer OVER-HIP.

And I shal ful out-gladen in Jerusalem, and lošen (gauaboundide, superabundavit.)-1 Tim. i. 14.

Wherfore I am a-fered

debo) in my puple. (L.V. make ful out ioiyng, erultabo.) OVER-BEING, v. Of folk of holy kirke,

Is. lxv. 18. And with cedre al the hows was clothide, haaynge Lest thei over-huppen as oothere doon,

OUT-GOER, s. In office and in houres. grauyngis ouerbeynge. (L. V. apperynge aboue, emi

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10394.

And the kyng seith to the out-goers (men able to be sent nentes.)—3 Kings vi. 18.

out, emissariis).-1 Kings xxii. 11. OVER-COME, v.


To lap, or fold over.
Ne glorie thou in to the mora, unknowende what the


I the Lord shal out-heren hem; I God of Irael shal not dai to ouercome bringe forth (to comynge, super-ventura). The upper bill of the parrot is so much hooked, and so

forsake bem. (L. V. here, exaudiam.)-Is. xli. 17. Prov. xxvii. 1. much overlaps the lower, that if, as in other birds, the lower OVER-GIVE, v. chap alone had motion, the bird could scarcely gape wide

OUT-JOY, v. and s. enough to receive its food : yet this hook and werlapping Forsooth I moost wilfully schal zyue (impendam), and I

of the bill could not be spared, for it forms the very instru- But zee shal iozen (gaudebitis) and ful out-iozen unto my silf schal be ouerzouun for your soulis. (L. V. gouun ment by which the bird climbs.

enermor, in these thingus that I shape. (L. V. make ful above, superimpendam.)—2 Cor. xii. 15.

Paley. Natural Theology, c. xvi. 9 4. out-ioiyng, crultabitis.)-- Is. Ixv. 18. OVER-GO, v, OVER-LEAP, o. To over-reach, to over-shoot herte. "(E.V. gladyng, eruitatione.) -Deedis, ii. 48.

(They) token mete with ful out-ioye and symplenesse of My wikkidnesses ouersiden myn hed. (L. V. ben goon himself; i. e. the mark or object aimed at. And ouer, supergressæ sunt.)-Ps. xxxvü. 5.

In the vois of ful out-iozing (ezultationis), and confessioun to over-leap itself is (met.) to over-leap the eminence is the) soun of the etere.—Ps. xli. 5. OVER-HOPE, v.

aspired to, and fall, &c. In thi domes I ouer hopide. (L. V. hopide aboue, super


I have no spurre speravi.)-Ps. cxviii. 43.

To pricke the sides of my intent, but onely

If he sei (to hem) to out-lawen, thei out-lawen (extermiOVER-LEAD, v.

Vaulting ambition, which ore-leapes itself,

nant).-3 Esd. iv. 8.

And fulls on the other-{Enter Lady). Ouer alle lust of the man she shall cuer ledyn desyr.

Shakespeare. Macbeth, act i. sc. 7. OUT-LEAD, v. (L. V. brynge desir ouer, superducit.)Ecclus. xxxvi. 24.


Thou shalt ful out-lede me fro this grene (saare). (L. V. OVER-LEAVE, v.

lede out, educes.)--Ps. xxx. 5.

Yet reason tells us, parents are o'erseen, Ne oon forsothe ouerlafte not of hem. (L. V. not oon When with too strict a rein they do hold in

OUT-OPEN, v. was alyue, superfuit.)–Exod. xiv. 28.

Their child's affections, and controul that love,

I have told to the reders the swenen, and no man is that Which the high powers divine inspire them with. OVER-SEEMING.

out-openith. (L. V. erpowneth, edisserat.)-Gen. xli. A.

Taylor. The Hog hath lost his Pearl, act i. And which is the ouersemynge greetness of his vertu in to us that han bilenyd. (L.'V. excellent, supereminens.)

OVER-SEETHE, v. To seetbe or boil over.

Eph. i. 19. Your stately seas


Who loueth God shal ful out-prezen for synnes. (L. V. OVER-STRETCH, o.

And over-seeth their banks with springing tides. preie, exorabit.)

P. Fletcher. Eclogue iii. st. 6.
We ouerstretchen not forth us, as not stretchinge to you.

OUT-SEEK, V.; OUT-SECHE, v. (L. V. ouerholden, superextendimus.)—2 Cor. x. 14.

OVER-THWART, v. To oppose, to pervert; and

To thee seide myn herte; Ful out-sozte thee my face. further, To wrangle. OVERTROW, u. OVERTROWABLE.

(L. V. souzte, exquisivit.)-P$. xxvi. 8. He sayde, for a crokid intent

The biginnyng forsothe of fornycacioun is the out-sechyng The host was secure and no thing of aduersite ortrow- The wordes were purverted,

of maumetis. (L. V. seching, exquisitio.) - Wisd. xiv. 12. eden. (L. V. supposed not any thing of aduersitie, suspi- And thus he over-thwarted. caretur.)- Judges viii. 11.

Skelton. Ware the Hauke, v. 211. OUT-SHAME, v. Thei ouertrowiden that he had ben kyng of Irael. (L.V. OVER-TILT.

Thei ben confoundid, and ful out-shameden. (L. V. supposiden, suspicati sunt.)-3 Kings xxii. 32.

Antecrist cam thanne,

aschamede, erubuerunt.)-Is. xlv. 16.
Nyne unouertrowable thingus of the herte, I magneflede. And al the crop of truthe
(L. V. unsuspecte, insuspicabilia.)- Ecclus. xxv. 9.

Torned it up so down
And over-tite the roote.

To this paple forsothe is maad an herte mystrowende

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14033. and out-sharpende. (L.V. terryng to wraththe, ecasperans.) Eymende (i. e. esteeming) Goddis tho thingis that in

Jer, v. 23. bestes ben overveyn. (L. V. superflu, supervacuas.)

OVER-WENT. See To OVER-Go and to WEND,
Wis. xi. 16. in Dictionary

Confoundid be alle doende thingis ouer veynli. (L. V. If all the world to seeke I over-went,

And he out-sterte with out to the puple. (L. V. skipsuperfluli, supervacuè.)—Ps. xxiv. Å.

A fairer crew yet no where could I see

pide out, eriliit.)– Judith xiv. 15. OVER-VOIDENESS, s. Then that brave Court doth to mine eye present.


Spenser. To all the Ladies in the Court. The oueruoidenesse of men these thingis fond (advenit)

For thow has disturblid os (turbasti); out-stourbe thee in to the roundnesse of erthis (in orbem terrarum). (L.V.


the Lord in this day. (L.V. disturbie, exturbet.)

Josh. vii. 25. poidenesse, supervacuitas.)-Wis. xiv. 14.

Among them dwelt (her parents joy and pleasure)


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