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Of hym (shal be) a corner (angulus), of hym a litil pale And in the unbileeneful folc of kinde wrathe shal ware And if he found o where a good felawe,
(parillus), of hym bowe of batel.-Id.' Zech. x. 4. ful out-tend. (L.V, brenne an hij, erardescit.)
He wolde techen him to have non awe,
The English pale comprehendeth onlie four counties Ecclus. xvi. 7. In swiche a cas, of the Archdekens eurse.
(Louth, Meath, Dublin, Kildare). To them the name of OUT-TERRE, 0.
Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 655. pale was given, because that the authority and government
of the Kings of England and the English colonies or planHow ofte sithis thei out-terreden hym in desert. (L. V.
tations, which before had been spread over the wholeland, maden hym wrooth, exacerbaverunt.)–Ps. Ixxvii. 40. For he (Adonye) cam doun to day, and offride ogen now were reduced to so small a compass, and as it were (L. V. oris, boves), and fatte thingis, and wethers.
impaled within the same boate. OUT-THINKING, s.
Wic. 3 Kings i. 25.
Ireland's Natural History, 1657, p. 7. Not in to errour inladde os the out-thinking of the enele
While they lay at this siege, the King of England, upon craft of men. (L. V. the thenkyng out, excogitatio.)
pretence of the safety of the English pale about Calais, Wisd. xv. 4.
sent over the Lord Morley with 1000 men. OUT-BRAID ; Burst forth.
Bacon. Henry VII. Works, v. iii. p. 41, 4to. The snake, that on his crest hot Are out-brande,
PALE. Was quite cut off.
He was as pale as a pelet,
In the palsy he semed.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2629. OUT-CLEARANCE. Clearance out, (sc.) by PACE. To ride a pas, i.e. a foot's pace, a walk- And whanne he geeth in the wallis therof as litle valeis paying custom-house dues, &c. ing pace.
foule bi paleness (E. V. paalnes, pallore), ethir by reednesse, Cable. If you bring a good cargo of cash, you are welcome
and lower than the tother hijere part, he schal go out at the
His (Chanon's) hat heng at his back doun by a las, to anchor here as long as you list: But you will find the For he had ridden more than trot or pas.
dore of the hows, and anoon he schal close it bi seuene daies.
Wic. Lev. xiv. 37. duties high at out-cleurance.
Chaucer, Chan. Yem. Prol. v. 16043.
PALIMPSEST, s. Lat. Palimpsestus.—Cic. Gro OUT-CORNER, s. Corner out of the way; re- There is no peny in my pakke
παλιμψηστος, οι παλιμψαιστος. From παλιν, mote.
To payen for my mete.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 793. again, and Yaev, to rub. A parchment or paper, They receyued for answere, that neither such an out- I rendred a lesson
rubbed again, and thus prepared after the erasure corner was frequented by many wayfarers, nor by hanging To broche hem with a pak-nedle.--Id. Vision, v. 2895. of previous writing to be written on again. A comout signes nor by forestalling at the townes end, like the
PADDOCK. A toad.
mentary on the Psalms by St. Augustin has been Italians, did they invite any.-Carew. Cornwall, fo. 66.
found written on an erased Cicero, de Republica. See Sotheli if thou nylt delivere, lo! Y schal smyte alle thi OUT-LET, v. Du. Uitlaeten, emittere, to let forth. termys with paddoks. (L. V. froggis, ranis.)
Encyclop. Metrop. in v. Manuscript. “ But well-I see which way the world will go,
Wic. Et. viii. 2.
Mardoch schynede in Kingis clothis, berende a goldene I have pepir and piones, quod she. Which now her words shut up, her looks out-let.
coroun on the hed, and wrappid with a silken pal and
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3099.
purper. (L. V. mentil of silk, serico pallio.)
Wic. Esth, viii. 15. OUT-RAGE. Skinner explains Outrage, a vioAlle paynymes preieth,
For in her face alwey was the bloode lent and extraordinary injustice, simply from the And parflily bileveth
Without palyng.–Lyfe of our Ladye, e. 8, c. 2. prep. Outre, qd. excess; the age being merely a In the holy grete God.
So turn'd the sun
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10686. productio vocis. (See APPANAGE for Age, ter.) Du
His palen'd visage from the damned deed.
fee forsothe ben jentilis, or paynymes, fro the bigynyng Cange in v. Ultragium, says, Oultraige is everywhere forsaken, the whiche never hadden knouleche of God, but
Taylor. Iph. in Tauris. used for “ any excess in anything."
euere to develes han serued.- Wic. Rom. Prol.
298. PALM, v. As to palm off, on another. See Right so maie no pitee areste
And zif zee greten or saluten zoure bretheren oonly, what quotation from Tatler, in v. Bubble. of crueltee the great ultrage,
more ouer shal zee doen? Whether and paynymmys nat Whiche the tyranne in his corage don this thing? (L. V. hethene men, ethnici.
PALMER, s. Engendred hath.-Gower. Conf. Am. b. vii. 1621.
Id. Mat. v. 48.
Preye for the peple,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2683.
When a man essayes all kind of experiments without seOUT-RIGGER, s. A spar or piece of timber pro- or foure, he kutte it with a scrapyng knyf of the scribe, and
quence or method, that is meere palpation (palpatio).
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. v. ch. 3. jecting beyond the sides of a ship for extending threz it into the fyr.- Wic. Jer. xxxvi. 23. ropes, sails, or other temporary purposes.
PAIN. Peine (of concupiscence) in Chaucer,
PALSY. See quotation from Chaucer, in v. One of their sages, named Maui, hed in an inspired moPersones Tale, Mr. Tyrwhitt thinks is equivalent
Acomber, supra. ment foretold, that in future ages a vaa ama ore, an out
to desire. But Chaucer explains that by the peine riggerless canoe, would come to their shores (Otaheite) from
PAN. (Brain-pan.) a distant land. An outrigger being indispensable to keep of concupiscence, he means, the peine hight (called)
Pees put forth his heed, their barks upright in the water, they could not believe concupiscence.
And his panne blody.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2233. that a vessel without one could live at sea. Circumnavigations of the Globe. (Wallis), c. vi..(L. V. penaunce, pænitentia.)- Wic. Ecclus. v. 17.
Forsothe up on a theef is confusion
and peyne taking.
PANARY, s. Lat. Panarium, & pantry, qv.
Hinc (à pane). Panarium, ubi id (panem) servabant. OUT-WELL, v.
Lord! as ye commanded
- Varro de Lingua Latina, l. 4. His marble heart such soft impression tries,
Chaucer. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5304. In & word it (Scripture) is a panary of holesome food That, midst his wrath, his manly teares outwell.
Ther was a knight that loved and did his peine,
against fenowed tradítions.
King James's Bible. Translator to the Reader, OUT-WIT.
Id. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11012.
And I seis a dreem, that Y hadde thre panyeris of mele With in-wit and with out-wit,
And he made in the wallys cherubyns, and palmes, and
on myn heed. (L. V. basketis, canistra.) Ymagynen and studie diverse peynturis (picturas), as stondinge and goynge out
Wic. Gen. xl. 17. As best for his body be, &c.
of the wal.- Wic. 3 Kings vi. 29.
With margerettes (daisies) growinge Also OWE, OUGHT. Written in Wiclif Awe, Awgte; (She hath) peired holy church.
The poure penses were not dislodged there;
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1614. Ne: God wote, hir place was every where.
Chaucer. Assemblie of Ladies, v. 62. I shal ordeyne to thee a place whidyr hym awe to flee.
bigge of hym, ne peire thou thi brothir (L. V. make thou (L.V. owith, debeat.)– Wic. Ex. xxi. 13.
not sory, ne contristas), but eftir the noumbre of the zeeris PAPELARD. One who calleth frequently on What is that I augte mor to do to my vyneyerde. (L.V. of the iubilee, thou shalt bigge of hym, and aftir the noumbre the Pope; who frequently confesses, &c. See Du ougt.)-1d. Is. v. 4. of fruytis he shal selle to thee.- Wic. Lev. xxv. 14.
Cange. We forzeue ignoraunces and synnes, til in to this day, and the crown that ze oužten (debebatis).
PAISE. See PAYSE.
PAPIST. See PAPA.
And Ihesus bigan to speke to hem parably or in parablis Fasting, ydrinken of this well a draughtthirste (ad palatum); litil children axiden breed, and noon
(in parabolis). - Wic. Mark xii. 1. was that brak to hem.- Wic. Lam. iv. 4. His bestes and his store shal måltiplee.
Chaucer. Pardoneres Tale, v. 12295. Glut not thyself with palative delights, nor revenge the PARAGE. By God, we owen fourty pounds for stones. contempt of temperance by the penalty of satiety.
Thou sayst to me, It is a gret mischiefe
Browne. Christian Morals, pt. ii. $ 1.
To wed a poure womman for costage;
And if that she be riche of high parage,
Than sayst thou, that it is & tourmentrie
To suffre hire pride and hire melancholie.
Chaucer. Wif of Bathes Prol. v. 5832.
PARAGRAM, s. Unto the God I there betought.
zeer of King Sedekiah. (L. V. cumpassid, vallata.) · Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. 1781.
Wic. 4 Kings xxv. 2. Aristotle, in the elerenth chapter of his book of Rhetoric, 76
PEA describes two or three kinds of puns which he calls para- PARONOMASY, PARONYMOUS.
PATRIOT. grams, among the beauties of good writing. Spectator, No. 61. The genius of the Greek language from the verb aver
The very slave 90, to appear, produced a paronymous word—viz. Pauvouleva, PARAPHE. A word which has lately appeared appearances or things appearing to the eye of outward
Who but approached our patrial household Gods,
Is richly welcome in a foreign land. in diplomatic papers. Fr. Parafe, or paraphe, from sense. -Sydenham. Onomasticon, pt
. iv. $ 0.
Taylor. Iph. in Tauris. paragraphe ; (Menage) is explained, “ The flourish The fallacy (figura dictionis) is built on the grammatical PATROCINATION. or knot added to one's signature.” It. and Sp: that paronymous words (i. e. those belonging to each other,
structure of language, from men's usually taking for granted There it is you will find Charles the Second placed among Parafo; Florio says, “a Paraffe or paragraffe;"
the heroes and demigods for his patrociny and protection. as the substantive, adjective, verb, &c. of the same root)
Evelyn. Sylva. Cotgrave adds, “ Also a subsignature, or signing have precisely correspondent meaning; which is by no
PATRON. under;" and parapher, " to subsign ; to write a sign means universally the case. Whately. Logic, b. iii. $ 8.
It is not mere zeal to learning, or devotion to the Muses, PARSLEY. See quotation from Piers Plouh- that wiser princes patron the arts, and carry an indulgent The undersigned, after having paraphed it (Draft of
aspect to scholars; but a desire to have their names eterPreliminaries) conformably to authorization received to man in v. Porridge, infra.
nized by the memory of their writings, and a fear of the that effect, have agreed that their Governments shall each nominate plenipotentiaries, who, &c. &c. PARSON. See Piers Plouhman in v. Parish, revengeful pen of succeeding ages,
Browne. Religio Medici, pt. ii. 6 3.
My opportunities of writing are paucified, as perhaps
Dr. Johnson would have dared to say.
Our pardon and oar preieres
Couper to Hayley, Dec. 28, 1792.
Piers Plouhman's Creed, v. 808.
A litil of the erthe of the parment (L. V. pawment, de And whanne he hadde seide, anoon the lepre partide pavimento) of the tabernacle he schal put in to it. By these (tenures) principally all degrees were united and made dependent from the Lord Paramount to the (discessit) awey fro hym,- Wic. Mark i. 42.
Wic. Num. v. 17. tenant peravale.-N. Bacon. Hist. Disc. ch. lix. p. 183.
Which maid, he said, he wold han to his wif,
And he wyll shew you a great parlour paved (corpulueren) To lede in ese and holinesse his life, PARBREAK. Piers Plouhman uses the simple
And thanked God that he might han hire all,
and prepared.—Bible, 1549. Marke xiv. ; Luke xxii. verb (qv.) in this signification.
That no wight with his blissè parten shall.
Chaucer. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9504.
The knights below,
Each by his pavais bulwarked.
Southey. Joan of Arc, b. viii, v. 345. seith that not to ben sinne, parcener is of a man sleere
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2659.
And showered like rain upon the pavaised barks (particeps).- Wu. Prov. xxviii. 24.
The rattling shafts.-Id. Madoc, pt. ii. $ 25.
See PART. PARCH. Wiclif writes our word Perish, persh, PARTNER.
PAUME, i. e. Palm, qv. a nearer form to parch.
And thei brousten thennus gold, and syluer, and yder,
and apis and poos. (L. V. pohokis, parones.)
Wic. 2 Par. ix. 21. and the evil spirites went out of them. Forsothe (he schal comaunde that) hows to be parid
Bible, 1549. Actes xix. PAY, v. A naval term. (Skinner.) To smear over (L. V. rasid, radi), with ynforth by enuyroun, and the poudre of the paryng (L. V. rasyng, rasura) to be spreynt PARY, 0. Used by Richard Bentley as equiva- with pitch. Fr. Poix. And hence the old proverb, out of the citee in an unclene place.- Wic. Lev. xiv. 41.
“ Here's the devil to pay, and no pitch hot.” (Mr. lent to-correspond on comparison ; to tally. As clensyngs of this world we ben maad; the paringis
Trench.) (peripsema) or outcastinge of alle thingis til zit.
When I came to try Pope Clement's Vulgate, I soon
With boiling pitch another near at hand,
From friendly Sweden brought, the seames instops ; means pary. PARENT, s.
Which, well paid o'er, the salt sea waves withstand,
And shakes them from the rising beaks in drops. ages applied generally to a kinsman; nor was such PAS, i. e. Pace, qv.
Dryden. Annus Mirabilis. usage unknown in the classical. See Quint. Curt.
Our carpenter being prepared to grave the outside of
PASK. 1. vi. c. 29. Du Cange writes, “ Parens, sanguine
See Piers Plouhman, in v. Maundy, the ship, as well as to pay the seams where he had caulked
her to stop leaks, had got two kettles just let down into proximus, agnatus, cognatus. Parentatus, cogna- supra.
the boat, one Alled with boiling pitch, and the other with tionibus et affinatibus instructus, copiosus, apparenté.” The Fr. Parent; It. Parente ; Sp. Pariente, Browne, in v. Migrate.
PASS. See PASSAGER, adj. Quotation from rosin, tallow, and oil, and such stuff as the shipwrights use
for that work.-Defoe. Robinson Crusoe. are also explained generally—a kinsman. Florio
PAY. adds, the It. may be used for father or mother.
He with these thingus pazed (L. V. appaied, contenta), There is also the Fr. Apparenté ; of kin, or near
Twelve sterris that passyngly were clere (i. e. surpass- she (Hester) fel doun at the feet of the King; and wepte, kinsman unto. Cotgrave, Emparenter, to join in ingly).–Lyfe of our Ladye. Carton, c. 8.
and preyede.- Wic. Esth. viii. 3.
He saw how that I
The bottom more into my pay
Than any other that I say. (An. 1386) proclaymed Heyer Paraunt unto the be comynge, if Crist passible, or able to suffre." (L. V. is to
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, r. 1721. Crown of England.” In Polychronicon (Fabian's suffre, passitrilis.)- Wic. Acts xxvi. 23.
Thy precepte graunte, eke that I may
Fulfylle also to the erly and late authority) the word is Apparaunt. (See in v. Ap
Io such maner as is most to thy paye, i. e. satisfaction. parent.) And it may be that the words are the (L. V. deedli man, homo passinlis.)-11. James v. 17.
Lyfe of our Ladyc, a. 8, c. 1. Carton. If he were helid, that suffreth siche a maner passioun same, with the simple difference of the prefix Ap.
(hujusmodi passionem), he shal noumbre seuen daies after I quak'd at heart; and still afraid to see In Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 539, we find: “If his elensyng.-Id. Lev. xv. 13.
All the court fill'd with stranger things than he, the Vicount of Chatillon, your cousin, who is next How that the sonle ne mynde be not passyoned.
Ran out as fast as one that pays his bail,
And dreads more actions, hurries from a jail. inheritor to this County of Byernes as next parente The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, a. 19. Caxton.
Pope. Imit. of Donne, Sat. iv. (prochain parent) to your father, come hyder to
Hast thou (which art but aire) a touch, a feeling
i. e. Pagan, qv. challenge his herytage,” &c. &c.
One of their kinde,--that relish all as sharpely,
Pussion as they,-be kindlier mou'd then thou art.
Gentlemen of Verona, act iv. sc. 4. I lerned seid to you, Where is the pargetyng, which ze pargetiden?
To weye pens with a peis, (L. V.thedawbynge that ze daubiden? litura, quam linistis?)
And pare the hevyeste.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2957. PARISH.
And flour to fede folk with.
Ac the pound that she paied by,
Prised a quatron moore
And thou schalt take a tendur cake of o loof, spreynd In parisshes of Englonde,
Than myn owene anncer, i. e. cap.-Id. 16. v. 2906. For persons and parissh preestes with oile, paast sodun in watir.- Wic. Ez. xxix. 23.
Elyab, the sone of Elon, offride a silueren eysel vessel, That sholde the people shryven,
Forsothe preestis schulen be over the looues of proposi- peysinge (appendens) an hundryd and thretti sicles, a sil, Ben curators called, cioun, and to the sacrifices of flour, and to the pastis sodun
neren fyole, hauynge senenti sicles at the peyse (L. V. To know and to hele
in water. (L. V. the thynn kakis, kagana asyma.) weizte, pondus) of the seyntuary - Wic. Num. vii. 25.
Id. i Par. xxiii. 29. Alle that ben hir parisehens.
To a feithful frend is no comparisoun; ther is not wrthi Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14484. PATE.
peising of gold (L. V. weiyng, ponderatio), and of siluer PARLE.
His travail shall come upon his own head; and his wick
ažen the goodnesse of the feith of hym.-Id. Eccl. vi. 15. Patriarkes and prophetes edness shall fall on his own potes. Ps. vii. 17. (So spiritis the peisere is the Lord. (L. V. weiere, ponderator:
Alle the weies of man ben opene to the eyen of hym: of Han parled herof longe.
also our Bible Version, and Bible, 1549.) Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12619. PARLOUR.
PEA. Now hath ech riche a rule
This laid a way open for them to despise the law, which And eche a povere man wel a-paied To eten by hymselve was made patient of such a weak evasion.
To haue pesen for his hyre. la a pryuee parlour.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5801. Jeremy Taylor. Sermon 23. Of Christian Prudence.
Pers Plouhman's Vision, V. 4189.
O man in the myddis of hem, was clothid with lynnan PERFECT. Pescoddes fetten.-Id. ib. v. 4386. clothis, and a pennere of a writere at hise reynes. (L. V.
Thei outher while PEACE. inkhorn, atramentarium).-Id. Ez. ix. 2.
Pleyden the parfiter.–Piers Plouhman's Vision, 5.7288. The Jewes preide hem be pees (i. e. peaceful). PENAL.
Thei hadden in hate the reprening man in the fate, and Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13258. Of what hous be ye, by your fader kin?
thei wlatiden a man spekynge perfitly (perfecte) Sotheli whanne his fre children weren gaderide to gidere, I vow to God, thou hast a ful faire skin:
Wic. Amos v. 10; and in Colos. iii. 14. Par. that they schulden peese (E. V. swage, lenirent) the sorewe It is a gentil nature ther thon gost;
fitenesse is a var. r. of perfeccioun. of the fadir, be nolde take counfort.- Wic. Gen. xxxvii. 35.
Thou art not like a penaunt or a gost.
Good perfective is greater than good preservative, beForsothe hise britheren sien that he was loued of the
Chaucer. The Monkes Prologue, v. 13940. cause the obtaining of things desired seems by degrees to fadir more than alle, and thei batiden hym, and myften
perfit nature; which though it doe not doe it indeed, yet not speke ony thing pesible (pacifice) to hym.
The pictur'd flames writhe round & penanced soul.
the very motion it selfe in circle hath a shew of progres
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. vii. ch. 2. Forsothe whanne the prince shal do wilful brent sacrifice, PENDANT. Pending is in common use; as, or wilful pesiblis to the Lord (L.V.pesible sacrificis, pacifica), Pending the suit.
Our labours tend to the same end--the perfectioning of the fate that biholdith to the eest shal be opnyd to hym.
our countrymen in a most essential article, the right use ld. Ez. xlvi. 2. PENNONCEAL. Fr. Pennonceau; ou pennoncel.
of their native language.- Foote. The Orators, A. 1. He pesynge bi the blood of his crosse (L. V. made pees, A little flag, or streamer. Cotgrave.
I perfourmed the penaonce
Than see thei stonde, on every side,
That the preest me enjoyned.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3702. The pyry is blowe (hop, Beryn, hop,)
Gower. Conf. Am. fo. 1799. Your confessour here for his worthinesse
Shal parfourme up the noumbre of his corent.
Chaucer, The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7843. And thus I let him (Damian) sitting in the pery, When he hath sowen, be it whete or otes,
PERFUSE, 0. Lat. Per-fund-ere, perfusus ; to And January and May roming ful mery.
So that he offer pens, or elles, grotes.
Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12310.
pour through or thoroughly.
These dregs immediately perfuse the blood with melesPEASE. See Paysa and POISE.
choly, and cause obstructions. The fluctuation or pensility of the bowells, from the agi
Harvey. On Consumptions. PEBBLE.
tation of the waves in the sea, and from the winde gathered Swete is to & man the bred of lesing; and aftir shal be about the diaphragma, are alike.
PERIPETIE, 8. Gr. Περιπετεια, from Περιfulfild the mouth of hym with a 'til pibbil ston. (L. V. Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. ch. 1. TITTELV, to fall around. The Quotation explains rikenyng, calculo.)— Wic. Prov. xx. 11.
the usage. PECK.
A fable is called complex, when it contains both a disHousis weren not bildid to enhabite, but holkis and pen
covery and peripetic (i. e. an unexpected change of forThe ese that scornith the fader and that despisith the tisis weren maad bisidis the wallis in the innere part, in
tune). --Adventurer, No. 83.
PERISH. See PARCH.
PENTACLE, s. or A piece of fine linen, Were the myddel of myn hand
Y-maymed or y-perisshd, Skinner. See PEAGE, in Dictionary.
I sholde receyve right noght ing characters inscribed suitable to the five senses. Or that I reche myghte. Now thanne be it knowe to the King, for if that cite They have their crystals, I do know, and rings,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11746. were bild up, and the wallis of it enstorid, tribute, and And virgin parchment, and their dead men's sculls, L.
As the unjust man in his ire fede awei fro this wisdom, Their raven's wings, their lights and pentacles,
brotherhood perisched (E.V. pershede, deperiit) by the ire iyue.- Wic. 1 Esd. iv. 13; also v. 20.
With characters, I have seen all these.
of manquelling.- Wic. Wis. x. 3. PEEL, or See Piers Plouhman's Vision, in v.
B. Jonson. Devil is an Ass, act i. sc. 2.
The art of invention and perlustration he was therto Thanne Jacob takynge green popil ferdis, and of alman
And salt yput in, and also pepere,
anknown. den, and of planes, & parti unríendide hem; and riendis What shold I tellen.
Wats. Bacon, Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 2. drawan awey: in thilke that weren pilde semede whytnes. Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16230. (L. V. maad bare, spoliata fuerant.) - Wic. Gen. xxx. 37.
PERMAGALL, i. e. Peregall, or peregual ? A womman took and spred abrood an hiryng of (over) PERCASE.
God ne is not hir governour the mouth of the pit—as driynge barli with the pile takun But thei would haten you parcaas,
holdeth none his permagall, a wey, and so the thing was hid.-Id. 2 Kings xvii. 19. If that ye Allen (fell) in hir laas.
While covetise is hir counsaillour. As hote he (Sompnour) was, and likerous as a sparwe,
Chaucer. The Rom. of the Rose, v. 6649.
Chaucer. The Plowmans Tale, v. 2010. With scalled browes blake, and pilled berd.
I wolde permute my penaunce.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8257.
It (merchandize) is a permutation apertly,
tinual occurrence in Hawes' Pastime of Pleasure. Ancres and heremytes,
PERPEND, o. And monkes and freres, (See Notes and Queries, v. vii. p. 400; and also v.
I desire the reader to attend with the atmost perpensity. Peeren to the Apostles viii. p. 120, where reference is made to nine ex
Swift. Tale of a Tub, sec. ix. Thorugh hire parft lyvynge.
amples in Flemming's Panoplie of Epistles.) In Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10455. Hawes a character introduces herself, saying, “My
PERPETUAL. Lat. Perpes and Perpetuus, from Than loke we mowen, And peeren in his presence,
name is called Dame Percèuerance,” fo. x. 1, col. 2. petere. See Voss. Also entire, whole. The while hym pleye liketh.-Id. Ib. v. 343.
Hawes also uses the verb, to perceyuer, where he
Taketh Judith, widewe, saumple of chastyte, and deThere was I bid in paine of death to pere,
clareth in perpetewal wrshipeful tellingus with the preising “ to cause or enable to perceive ; to discover of victorie.- Wic. Judges. Prol. 602.
means, By Meroury, the winged messengere.
for others to see.” No other instance of the verb And although the thing that is terminable, and hath an Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 55. is known.
end, is called sometimes perpetuall; yet in holy writings Fawnus into the chirch pryvelych gan pire (peep).
The Marchantes Seconde Tale, v. 680. Mr. Dyce (on the adj. imperseverant, qv.) refers to and in vse of the church, and in the bookes of philosophers, And loke howe that a Goshanke tireth, The Widow, where percèuerance is put into the mouth
most commonly that is taken to be perpetuall, which hath
no end of time hereafter to come. Right so doth he whan that he pireth of a chambermaid-apparently as a vulgarism.
State Trials. 6 Rich. II. An. 1583. John Wicliffe. And looketh on her womanhede.
The words are barbarous anomalies, not sanc- (To Ajax) Agamemnon gave the chine
tioned by any English classic: we have no such Perpetual.
Cowper. Niad, b. vii. v. 381; also Odyssey, b. viii. v. 382. PELL, 8. Urry calls it-A house. Tyrwhitt We wyped our chekes our sorrow to cloke,
Outwardly feigning us to be glad and mery, doubts. Du Cange interprets the Low Lat. Pela,
The precious perree
That in paradis wexeth.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5618. A Pile (qv.), a structure (the House of Fame). The fire was blowen, yet we did it cover There met I crying many one, By-cause abrode it should nothing perceyuer.
She was all clad in pierrie and in gold. A larges, a larges, hold up well,
Hawes' Pastime of Pleasure, m. i. col. 2.
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, 5. 14320. Vio
Methinks the words
Perséuerance, deere my lord,
Keeps honour bright, to have done-is to hang
Quite out of fashion, like a rusty male
In monumental mockrie.
The Widow, act iii. sc. 1; by Jonson, J. Fletcher,
Shakespeare. Troilus and Cressida, act iii. sc. 3. The utter part of purpill-yfurred with pelur.
and Middleton Chaucer. The Marchantes Seconde Tale, v. 3193.
My word and my preching not in persuable (var. r. perPERCEPTION.
suasible) or sotile glosynge.°(L.V. suteli (subtle) sturing, And he sterede apon cherubyn and fleiz ; he fleif on the Dennes of windis (super pennas ventorum).
PERE, i. e. Appear. Also written PEER, qv. persuasilibus.)— Wic.' 1 Cor. ii. 4.
PERSUE, s. See PURSUE.
And some to plese Perkyn something poematical and something phantasmatical togeBy no way may it be then by perte necessity..
Piked up the wedes.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4019 ther; for phantasms in themselves alone as well as sensaChaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii. tions (our Smuata are always individual things. And by
My plow-foot shal be my pikstaf, The weathers and stormes so hugely haue fall in barion- a rose considered thus universally and phantasmatically, we
And picche a-two the rotes.-Id. 1o. v. 4002. ing time and by perte duresse han beaten of the springs mean a thing which so affects our sense in respect of figure clean.-Id. 16. and colour. Cudworth. Immutable Morality, b.iv.c. 1, 99.
PILCH. In Wiclif's Bible, Lev. xi. 32, “ Heeren In her fated nothynge that I coude gesse,
shertes ;" in var. r. “ Pilches or heeren (hairy)
PHILOSOPHY, One wyse nor other, preuy nor perte,
shertes" (cilicia), on which any dead unclean aniA garysone she was of all goodlynesse.
Other, with the brow born down, weiynge greet wordis, mal may have fallen, are declared unclean. Id. La belle Dame sans Mercie, fo. 251, c. 2. among fonge wymmen philosophien of holi
lettres. (L.V. talken as filosofres.) Wic. Bible, Pref. Ep. p. 67.
Felawe, quoth he, PERT, adj.
Fy on his pilche.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 484.
With thre piles was it under-pight,
I perceyved it soone.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10838. And Jacob bolnyde, and seide with strijf, For what cause in common use-applied to a mode of writing or of me, and for what synne of me, hast thou come so fersly spelling conformable to that of speaking or pro
Ech piler is of penance after and soojt al the portenaunce of myn hous? (E. V. Punciation. See the Quotation from Bacon, in v.
Of preieres to seyntes.-Id. 16. v. 3692. necessaryes, supellectilem.)- Wic. Gen. xxxi. 36. Se that ye eat not therof (the shepe) rawe nor soden in Pronounce, infra. Penny Cyc, in v. Alphabet.
PILGRIM. See Piers Plouhman in v. Palmer, water, bot rost with fyre, both the head, feet and purte
supra. nice to gether.-Id. Ér. xii. 8. Bible, 1549.
Thes thingis seith thi brother Jacob, At Laban hane I Holy fathers that our Christen faith approved and And if thou diete thee thus,
pilgrimagid. (L.V. was a pilgrym, peregrinatus sum.). strengthed to the Jews, as to men reasonable, and of I dar legge myne eris,
Wic. Gen. xxxii. 4, et aliter. dicinity learned proved thilke faith with reasones, and
Ne poten no pylion
On his pild pate.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 1664. PERVERT, O.
Physiognomy discovers the disposition of the mind by the PILOSITY. See PILE. It semeth to comaande trespas or noiyng of neizbore, lineaments of the body.- Wats. Bacon, b. iv. c. 1. either peruerting of soule; therfor it is figuratijf speche.- So in all physiognomy, the lineaments of the body will PIN. For Pin, v. see in v. Press, Piers Plouhman, Wic. Bib. Prol. p. 45. Also, ante, peruersion of soule. discover those natural inclinations of the mind which dis- | infra.
Follow inasmuch as longeth to thee thy fathers worship, simulation will conceal or discipline correct. so that in nothing thy kinde from his will decline, ne from
Bacon. Natural History, c. ix. $ 800.
Tomme Stowne he (Reson) taughte,
To take two stages, his nobley perverte.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.
And fecche Felice hom, PERVINKE. See PERIWINKLE.
They abide even after their main body is broken, and From the wynen pyne (wine pin) therefore cannot at all be cured by those slight velitations
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2580. PEST, and picqueerings of single actions of hostility.
Hee hath holpe a thousand out Parsons and parisshe preestes
J. Taylor. Of Repentance, c. viii. $ 8. Of the develes punfolde.-Id. Ib. 3757.
Plucke vp thyne herte vpon & mery pyne.
Skelton. Bouge of Court, v. 385. Sith the pestilence tyme.
see Piers Plouhman, in vv. Pike and Ply, infra. The calender, right glad to find Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 268. Pyke-harness. A stealer of harness, qv. See
His friend in merry pin, To withstand the great pestylence yi was lykely to be in Piers Plouhman for Pyke-harness in v. Bribe, supra.
Return'd him not a single word, England, therefore was he come.
But to the house went in.- Cowper. John Gilpin. Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 196.
Bete togydre four plowis in to swerdis, and your pikoysis PESTLE. or mattokis into speris (ligones).- Wic. Joel iii. Io.
PINE. And Ornam seide to Dauid, Oxen I feue into brent sacri- PICK.
To punysshe on pillories fice, and pestels in to wode (L. V. instrumentis of trees
pynynge-stooles.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1513.
A sharp stake; Guard stationed icherbi cornes ben throischun, tribulas), and the whete in to
at the pickets on the outlook. sacrifice.- Wic. i Par. xxi. 28. In Er. xvi. 14, pilum,
When thou dost tell another's jest, therein
Omit the oaths, which true wit cannot need;
Pink out of tales the mirth, but not the sin,
Charles Dryden. Juvenal, Sat. vii.
George Herbert. Church Porch.
And he gouernde to the Lord his herte; and in the Whan thei drawen on to deye, prating gossip.
dazes of synnes he strengthede pite (pietatem). And indulgences wolde have, I sette your patentes and your pardon
Wic. Ecclus. xlix. 4. Hir pardon is ful petit. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4583. At one pies hele.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4887. But thei men of mercy ben, of whom the pitoustees faile
den not. (L. V. pitees, pietates.)-Id. 16. xliv. 10. PETTIFOG. Milton, in the following Quotation,
PIE. By Cock and pie ; an old oath-By God All thingus forsothe the Lord made; and to men pitously
doende (L. V. feithfulli, pie) he zaf wisdam. seems rather to be punning on the word than pro- and the Pie, the Book of Holy Offices.
Id. 16. xliii. 37. posing a meaning.
Resignation (qv.) to the will of God is the whole of picty. And thus much for this cloud, I cannot say rather than It was a pece of Pater-poster
Butler. Ser. xiv. petty-fog of witnesses, with which episcopal men would cast Fiat voluntas tua.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9066. PIP. & mist before us, to deduce their exalted episcopacy from And in bookes eke as it is tolde, apostolick times.
What thing, may be of vyn, of grape dried unto the Milton. Of Prel. Episc. Ann. 1699, v. i. p. 245.
How the pyece of his incision
pepyn (L. V. draf, ad acinum), thei shulen not eete.
Wic. Num. vi. 4. PETTREL.
To Charlis brought.-Lyfe of our Ladye, i. b. Caxton. PIPE. And every booze (boss) of bridle and paitrell,
Sir Wylliam of Bordes was there armed at all peses. That they had, was worth, as I would wene,
Berners' Froissart, v. i. p. 489; also v. ii. p. 203.
Mynstrals myghte pipe.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14111. A thousand pound.-Chaucer. Floure and Leafe, st. 36. The horse eke, that his
PIERCE. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Port, yeman rode
See PEER. So swette that unnethes might he gon;
infra. About the peytrel stood the fome ful hie. He schal take hym bi the işen of hym as by an hook:
PISS. Id. Chan. Yem. Prol. v. 16032. and bi scharpe schaftis he schal perse hise nosethirlis. I shal sle fro Achab a pisser to the wal (mingentem ad PEW. (L. V. thirle thurt, perforabit.)— Wic. Job xl. 19.
parietem).- Wic. 3 Kings xxi. 21. Among wyves and wedewes ich am ywoned sitte
His (Sir J. Denham's) had a strange piercingness : when
Aubrey. O! thou slowe man, go to the amte or pissemyre (var. r. After mass was done, it was a custom, that one of my
spissemire, formicam), and biholde thou his weies. lord's gentlemen should then go to my lady's pew, and tell PIG. When the lead is tapped from the smelt
Wic. Prov. vi. 6. her my lord was gone before.
ing furnace, it runs down a straight channel, tech- PISTLE More's Utopia. Dibdin, p. xv. nically called the sow, from which branch off on Pysteller, that syngeth the Masse; PEYSE. See Payse, Poise. each side some smaller channels, called pigs; in
Gospeller, that syngeth the Gospell.
Palsgrave. See Dyce. Skelton, ii. 209. PHANE. Occurs in the var. readings of the these it cools, and is called Pig Lead.
I shal punysshe hem in porgatorie,
Or in the put of helle.--Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6657. and other sixe thei shulden use maner pimentis and swete Phantasy (or imagination) being (to define it) conception spice (pigmentis).- Wic. Esther ii. 12.
PITCH. remaining, and by little and little decaying from the act
And he maad ensence of moost clene swete smellynge
At the eest Judas shal picche tentis (L.V. sette, figet) by of sense. - Hobbes. Human Nature, e. iii.
spices, with the werk Whenever we think of a universalized phantasm, or a
Pymentarye. (L. V. a makere of companyes of his oost.— Wic. Num. ii. 4. oynement, pigmentarü.)-1d. Ex. xxxvi. 29.
They (the Romans) skirmished rather by loose compa
Pyries and plum-trees
Confoundid shol (thei) ben, that wrozten flax, plattende, Were poffed to the erthe. and wenende sotile thingas (plectentes et terentes).
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2503. Now have I you declared right
Id. ls. xix. 9. The menyng of the barke and rinde,
PLUM. PLUMP. To be worth 100,0001. is to But now at erst I woll begin
PLATAN. See PLANE-TREE.
be worth a plum, that is (perhaps) a plumper, or To expounè you the pithe within.
Bechis weren not euen to his heignes, and platan trees
plump sum. Of the thynges which we have spoken this the pythe.
Wic. Ecclus. xxxi. 8. They came into the market-place, not all togyder, but Heb. viii. Bible, 1549. I espied thee, fair indeed and tall,
in dyvers plumpes.-Berners' Froissart, v. i. p. 576. PITTER, i. e. Patter, qv. Under a platan.-Milton. Par. L. b. ir, r. 477.
PLUMB. Upon some shady, sandy, higher ground,
To make wisdom to be regulated by such a plumbean PLATE. Where the sweet birds should warbling music give,
and flexible rule as that (the will) is, is quite to destroy And at whose foot some pittering rillet wound,
And kittide thinne goldun platis (E. V. peeces, bracteas), the nature of it. Like Baucis and Philemon would we live. and maad thinne into threedis.- Wic. Ér. xxxix. 3.
Cudworth. Immutable Morality, b. i. e. 3, 4 7. George Tooke. Annæ dicata. The Pious Turtles.
Helms or shields
Glittering with gold and scarlet plumery.
Southey. Madoe, $25.
wijf.- Wic. Gen. xxvi. 8.
PLUNDER. And Fuller, in his Church History, PIX. Please the pir, qv.: please God. Cor-fro this place, for the Lord shal do aweie this cite. And b. xi. § 4, writes, “ Sure I am we first heard thereof rupted into Please the pigs. he was seen to hem as pleyinge to speke (rudens);
in the Swedish wars." He calls it a contemporary
H. Ib. xix. 14. PLAGES, s. Lat. Plaga, is a various reading of And whanne sche had go with hir felowis and pleiferis with Malignants, qv. (Trench). woundis or betyngus. Wic. Luke xii. 47. (E.V. compeers, sodalibus), sche biwepte hir maydynhed in PLURALITY.
the hillis.-Id. Judges xi. 38. PLAGE. Somtime, to shew his lightnesse and maistrie,
In a vast plurality of instances, in which contrivance is
perceived, the design of the contrirance is beneficial.
He (Absolon) plaieth Herode on a skaffold hie. And Caym passid out fro the face of the Lord, dwellide
Paley. Natural Theology, c. xvi.
Charucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3384. fer fugitive in the erthe, at the eest plage of Eden. (L.V.
PLY. coost, plagam.)- Wic. Gen. iv. 16; also xiii. 1, xxv. 6. Now, quod our hoste, I wol no longer play
With thee ne with non other angry man.
Each man to pleye with a plow, PLAIN, PLAINT.
Id. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12892. Pykoies or spade. -Piers Plouhinan's Vision, v. 1989. Forsothe thou puttist me, thi seruaant, among thi meet. PLEAD, v. PLEA, s.
POCK. felawis of thi bord; what thanne haue 1 of riztwise playnt
Many kene soores,
Men of lawe leest pardon hadde (E. V. querels, justæ querela), or what may I more be spoken of to the kyng? - Wic. 2 Kings xix. 28.
That pleteden for mede.
As pokkes and pestilences.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 14118.
(They) assert, that the small-pox was the disease with not iust playningis azens bym. (E.V. pleyntes, querimonias.)
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4541, 8. which the King was seised. He is called a pockish man Id. Eccles. vii. 15.
For men sweren. by a grettere than hem silf, and the in the Queen's Letter. And plainest the to praise his (Love's) arte. ende of al her ple (E. V. controuersye, or debate, contro
Robertson. History of Scotland, b. iv. 2. m. An. 1567. Chaucer. House of Fame, b. ii. v. 119.
versiae) is an ooth to confirmacioun.- Wic. Heb. vi. 16. PLAIN, o.
Bacon restricts (the meaning of the word poetry) to ficti-
tious history or fables. D'Alembert employs it in its nahem.-Id. Judges xxi. 22.
tural signification, as synonymous with invention or creaPLAIT. See Piers Plouhman in v. Presse, infra.
My puple, his pletores, or wrong axers (exactores) tion, and comprehending all the fine Arts.
D. Stewart. i Diss. Suppl. to Encye. Brit. PLAN.
POINT, v. and s. Add-after 1. 18.
Point blank or blanc. Punctum album (in As-
in a target). To aim or shoot at the point-blane, PLANCH.
Wic. Gen. xliii. 14; also Is. lx. 7, lxi. 2. or to shoot point blanc, is to aim or shoot straight, The roof (is) made sale of, the planchings (are) rotten,
PLENE. the walls (are) fallen down.
at the mark or object; without allowing for any
Plenty is used not uncommonly, as-
bias, which the wind may cause; and hence, gen.
to act or do anything straight forward, without And that ilke while PLANE. See Platan, infra. Worth nevere plentee among the peple.
obliquity or reserve. Jacob (took) grene popil zerdis, and of almanders, and of
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4124. To bring to a point, i. e. the precise part on which planes.- Wic. Gen. xxx. 37.
And whan the peple was plener comen,
the question, the matter, turns or rests; to be at a PLANET.
The porter unpynned the gate.-Id. 16. v. 6800. These things dwelt in me, even as shadows keep
pression in old Their watch in some dim charnel's loneliness,
ubertatem), they brouzten to us, and seiden, Good, &c. Point of war, qy. on the point or eve of battle. A shoreless sea, a sky sonless and planetless.
Wic. Gen. i. 25. See the quotation from Scott.
And to Neptalym he seide, Neptalym plenteousness shal Point device. See DEVICE.
To point, to punctuate, qv. to divide into minute The seaman, who sleeps sound upon the deck, Nor hears the loud lamenting of the blast,
The greetnes of myseys is to spille the greetnes of plen- portions, by marks in writing; and by breaks or
tithe. (L. V. plentee, ubertatis.)— Id. Gen. xli. 31. pauses (Chaucer) in reading. Nor heeds the weltering of the plangent wave. Taylor. P. Van Arlevelde, act i, sc. 7.
And plentithnes cam of the seven zeer. (L. V. plentee, And neyzinge now batayl, the preest shal stoonde bifore PLANT. fertilitas.)-Id. lb. v. 47.
the poynt (L. V. scheitrun, aciem), thus he shal spek to the Whan the plenitude or fol tyme of the grace of God was
puple.- Wic. Deut. xx. 2. And his rift hond takon, he lifte him up (the lame ordeyned, thenne he sente his sone yi was god and sone of The preising of unpitous men is short, and the iofe of an man); and anoon the groundis (qv.) and plauntis (planta), the vyrgyne and wyf.
ipocrite at licnesse of a point (instar puncti).-Id. Job xx. 3. or solis of him ben saddide to gidere; and he lippinge
The Golden Legend. Carton, fo. 1, c. 2, et aliter. Now is gode to heren, in faie, stood, and wandride. (Mar. note, plauntis, either soolis,
If any be that can it saie,
At this siege every thynge was plenty. that is, the feet, in to the loweste part. Wic. Deeds, iii. 7.
Berners' Froissart, v. ii. P.
357. And poinct it as the reson is
Yset; for othergate, I wis PLASH, PLASHOOT.
And a strange kind of government must that needs be wherein a subject shall have a plenitudinary power beyond
It shall nat well in alle thing Woodcocks arrire first on the north coast, where almost that which his lord and king's was.
Be brought to gode understanding; eneri hedge serueth for a road, and euery plashoote for
N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, c. Iviii. p. 173.
For a reder that poincteth ill, springies to catch them.-Carewe. Cornwall, p. 25.
A gode sentence may often spill.
Chaucer. The Rom. of the Rose, vy. 2157, 61.
But shortly to the point now wol I wende,
And maken of my longe tale an ende.
Id. The knightes Tale, v. 2967.
He (the Monke) was a lord ful fat, and in good point. Fro lenten to lenten
Id. Prologue, v. 200.
You (Lord Archbishop)
Wherefore doe you so ill translate your selfe,
It appears to me that what is least forgiven in a man of Out of the speech of peace, that beares such grace, Pernele Proud-herte
any mark or likelihood, is want of that article blackguardly Into the harsh and boystrous tongue of warre! Platte hire to the erthe,
called pluck.- Scott. Life, by Lockhart, v. ix. p. 146. Turning your bookes to granes, your inke to blood, And lay longe.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2600.
Your pennes to launces, and your tongae divine,
To a lowd trumpet, and a point of war.
Shakespeare. 2 Henry IV. act iv. se. I, fo. 89, col. 1. And she wesh her bodi, and oyntide hirself with the best
Dryden. Maiden Queen, act iii. We were pleasing ourselves (in this way), when on a
takynge fraytis points at the end of the matter. A common ex