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POW sudden were alarmed with the noise of a drum, and imme- POMP.

POSSESS, o. dialely entered my little godson to give me a point of war.

The worth of the physician is to be estimated by his
Tatler, No. 95.

A-lady myn how god hath made the riche,
scorn of petty intrigue, puffing, and pomposity.

Thy self allone al richesse to possede. The trumpets and kettle-drums of the cavalry were next

Aikin's Letters, ii. 41.

Lyfe of our Ladye. Carton, i. 11. heard to perform the beautiful and wild point of war ap- PONDER.

The circumstances, which originate the sense of property, propriated as a signal for that piece of nocturnal duty (setting the watch), and then finally sunk upon the wind

O my liege Lord, the God of my life,

serve to explain this one fact, the existence of a possessory with a shrill and mournful cadence.

Pleaseth you pond your suppliants plaint.

feeling, in the heart of every individual who is actuated Waerley, v. ii. ch. 17, near the end. The Eve of Battle.

Spenser. Shep. Cal. Feb. thereby.-Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. i. The ponderer and shaper of his discourses.

c. vi. et aliter. · POISE, 0. Poisy matter; weighty, important.

Whitlock. Manners of the English, p. 149.

POST. There been certes some that speken their poisye mater The thriving of that stratagem of Jacob's, the invention in French, of which speeche the Frenche men hate as of the peeled rods, whereby he was grown so rich, in despite

All those things are passed away like a shadow, and as a good fantasye as wee have in hearynge Frenche mens of Laban's malice, God will have ponderingly considered,

post that hasted by:- Wisdom of Solomon, v. 9. English.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue. Prologue.

and imputed as an act of his special interposition or proNo man that I am allied to in my living, but makes it vidence.-Hammond. Works, v. iv. p. 497.


And thei closiden the doris of the gardeyn, and wenten equal, whether his own use, or my necessity pull first :nor is this fore'd, but the mere quality and poisure of good.

PONENT. Barrow uses Ponibility. See SPACE, out hy & postern (per postiam) for to brenge whiche ness. And do you think I venture nothing? infra.

thingus she bad.- Wic. Dan, xiü. 18. Beaumont and Fletcher. Wit without Money, act i. sc. 1.

POOP, v.

POSTHUME. Much has been written on the POISON. The sea broke most surprisingly all around us, and a

etymology of the Lat. Posthumus. See Voss. It Prison on a poole (pole) large swelling sea threatened to poop us.

is clear that the adjective, Postumus, last, from Thei patte up to hise lippes,

Anson's Voyages, b. iii. c. 2. posterus, was very early distinguished from PostAnd beden hym drynke his deeth.


humus. And the latter has been ultimately adopted Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12177. In povernesse of spyrit

in law to distinguish the child born after the death The common opinion is that the thorne whereupon they

Is spedfullest hele.- Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 525. (certain ravenous birds) thus fasten them (their prey) and

of the father (qui post humatum patrem natus est)

Loo! I in my lytyl porenesse (L. V. pouert, in paupet: from one last born in the father's lifetime. Our eate them, is afterward poysonsome.-Speght. Annot. tate) haue mand redy before-the expenses of the hous of

statute and common law take especial cognizance POLICE, s. Policy of Assurance. Not (says the Lord. — Wic. 1 Par. xxii. 14. Skinner) from our word Policy, prudence, but from

And he smoot of the puple senenti men, and fifty thow

of the former—as in Ventre se mere, at the father's

death. We have nothing from the Classic Lat. the It. Poliza, a schedule: and the It.—Menage synde of the porail. (E. V. raskeyl, plebis.)

Id. 1 Kings vi, 19. Postumus. See the Quotation from Fuller, in Dicdeduces from the Lat. Polyptychum, (Gr. TOUA TU• To whom forsothe shal I beholde, but to my porelet

tionary xov, multiplex) variously written, Polyticum, poli-(pauperculum) and contrit in spirit, and tremblende my

wrdis.-Id. Is. lxvi. 2. ticum, poleticum ; — whence he also derives Fr.

POSTHUME, i. e. Imposthume, qv. Pouille, a catalogue of benefices, and Poulets, ama- POPELOT. Chaucer, Milleres Tale, v. 3254. He cleped him-A congregation of vices in his brest, as tory lettersPolyticum, was, multipler tabella (see Either a dim. of Poupee, a puppet; or a corruption

& postume is full of corruption. Diptych), and Poliza or Polisa is explained by of Papilot, a butterfly. Tyrwhitt.

Chaucer. Boecius, l. 3, pr. 4. Florio_" A schedule, a bill, a note, a writing, re

POSTLE. Postle and Postlehed are var. readings membrance, a bond, an inventorie, an obligation.” POPERE. A bodkin. See Skinner.

of Apostle, Apostilhed in Wiclif, Mark vi. 30, 2 Cor. See Menage It. and Fr. Dictionaries, and Du A joly popere bare he in his pouche.

xii. 12.

Cange, for the different kinds of books or registers

The Reves Tale, v. 3929.

POT. POTSHERD; A part sheared or separated to which the word was applied. A policy of insurance (or assurance) is a contract be

Therfor Jacob took greene zerdis of popeleris. (E. V. from a pot; a fragment of a pot. See SHEAR, and

Gen. xxx. 37. tween A and B, that upon A's paying a premium equiva. Popil zerdis, rirgas populeas.)— Wic.

Quotation from Wiclif. lent to the hazard run, B will indemnify or insure him PORE. Gower writes pire. See PEER.

Under a pot he shall be put against a particular event.

In a pryvye chaumbre.
Blackstone. Commentaries, b. iv. c. 30. POREBLIND.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1249. POLICE, s.

If eny man smyte the eye of his seruannt or of hond It contayned two thousand mesuris of thre quartis, thre To seen small and low govern the hie, and bodies aboue: mayden, and make hem pure blynde (L.V. oon ijed, luscos),

thousand mesuris neez of a potel.-Wic. 3 Kings, vii. 26. certainly that pollisye is nought, it is forbode by them that he shall leave hem fre for the eye that he hath drawun A man would have bin affeard to haue imitated thunder of gouernaunce treaten and enformen. out. - Wic. Er. xxi. 26.

and lightning, if the potlid of that chymique monke had Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.

not, by being tost into the ayre, instructed him. Spain is not an enemy to be feared by a nation, seated, PORRACEOUS.

Wats. "Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. v. c. 2. manned, furnished, and policed, as is England.

I have percile and porettes,

Bacon Obs. on a Libel.

And many cole plauntes.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4372. POTENCE.
His pik
He sholde polshe newe.
PORT, PORTCULLIS. Written by Holland (Am-

A pik is on that potente (i. e. a crosier).

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5092. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3438. mianus, b. xxv. c. xi.) Portcluse. - Nisibis, the

POVERISH. See IMPOVERISH. And he ordeyned of hem masouns to stoonis to ben hewen strongest Portcluse of the East. and polischit, that the hous of the Lord be bild up.

And portatif and persaunt

Forsothe the puple greetli was poueresht. (L. V. maad Wic. 1 Par. xxii. 2.

pore, attenuatus erat.) - Wic. 2 Esd. v. 18. As the point of a nedle. POLL.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 771. POVERTY. See in v. Poor, Wiclif. A pardon with a peis of leed

And these ben the prouostis, after their cuntrees and Ne Helye ne Austyn, And two polles amyddes.

porcionel princehedis (E. V. porcionelis, porcionales prin- Swyche liif never used, Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8519. cipatus) of hem, that wilt me stieden up fro Babiloyne, in But in povert of spirit Anoon at the comaundement of the Kyng, they polliden the rewme of Artaxerxes.- Wic. 3 Esd. viii. 31.

Spended her tyme.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1561. Joseph (E. V. doddiden, totonderunt), led out of prisoun.

Forsothe he (Dauid) made the sones of Idithum to be
Wic. Gen. xli. 14. portours, ether bereris (portarios).-Id. 1 Pur. xxvi. 42.

And the Angel of the Lord toke hym in the poll of hym
Wherefore is yet my full beleve

Conrade, lifting high the deadly battle axe, (L. V. top, in rertice), and bare hymn in an her of his hed, That some gode spirit, that ilke eve,

Throngh pouldron and through shoulder deeply driven, and pulle hym in to Babylone, on the lake, in bir of his By mene of some airious port,

Buried it in his bosom. spirit (in impetu).— Id. Dan. xiv. 35. Bare me where I saw payne and sport.

Southey. Joan of Arc, b. viii. v. 454.

Chaucer. Dreame, v. 29. POUNCE.
Jabal improved the pastoral art, by leading his flocks I have recourse to the knife and the

pounce. Holi thei shulen be to her God, and thei shulen not po- from place to place for the benefit of new pasture; and by

Couper to Unwin, Feb. 29, 1784. lute his name. (L. V. defoule, polluent.).

inventing portatire houses, or tents, for his own convenience POUND, s.

Wic. Lev. xxi. 6. while he attended them.-Geddes. Note on Gen. iv, 20. POMEGRANATE.


Yeven pardon for pens

Pound-mele aboute.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1327. In the middyl litel belles menged, so that the litel belle be gold and a powm garnet; and eft sones another litel

He kan portreye wel the pater-noster,

POUND, v. belle and a poum garnet. (L. V. pyn apple, malum puni

And peynte it with aves. cum.)- Wic Er. xxviii. 33.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9933.

And he that shal falle on this stoon, shal be brokun toWhy shulde I not as wel eke tell you all

gidre; forsothe upon whom it schal falle it shal togidre POME. POMEL. Pomelee Gris; Dappled, grey.

poune hym. (L. V. al to brise, conteret). The purtreiture that was upon the wall.

Wic. Mat. xxi. 44. Fr. Pomèle; pied with spots round as an apple.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1970.

A goldun pomel (aurea mala) in heddis of siluer is he

Throughout every regioun
that spekith a word in his time. – Wic. Prov. xiv. 35. I pose I had synned so,
His hakeney, which that was al pomelee gris,
And sholde now deye.

Went this foule trumpet soun,

As swifte as a pellet out of a gonne
So swatte that it wonder was to see.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11955. When fire is in the powder ronne.
Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Prol. v. 10627.
POSNIT, s. / A small iron pot with a handle

Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. POMMEL, s.

PossNET. on the side. Grose.
And he pišt into his wombe so strongly that the pomel

In the powerlessness of our existing telescopes, we do not

Forsothe pesible hoostis (hostias) they seetheden in know but it may be so-(that the spaces between the (L. V. pomel, ether hilte, capulas) folowid the yren in the wound.-Id. Judg. iii. 22. posnettes. (L. V. pannes, lebetibus.).

known bodies of the system are peopled with little worlds). Wic. Paral. xxxv. 13.

Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. i. c. 7. SUP. VOL. II.






haps illusive) which past successes, as the pledge An abbreviation exquisitely refined for positive.


of future ones, breed.”—Trench. English Past and Swift. Polite Conversation. Introd.

Present, Lec. ii.

What preferment then hathe the Jewe.
Bible, 1549. Rom. ii. 1.

They (Christians) were stigmatized by the opprobrious He was perfit praktisour

appellation of Magic. And Augustus had published very If any peril tille.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11015. PRELATE.

rigorous edicts against the whole race of Prastigiators.

White. Bampton Lectures. Ser. iii. p. 149. PRAGMATICK.

Now certainly he (the monk) was a fayre prelat. We cannot always be contemplative or pragmatical

Chaucer. Canterbury Tales. Prol. v. 204.

PRESUME. In Wiclif, Wisdom xvii. 10, mar. abroad ; but have need of some delightful interioissions, PRELIMIT, v. To limit beforehand.

note, Presume is explained to forgesse (sc. grete wherein the enlarged soul may leave off awhile her severe schooling. - Milton. Tetrachórdon.

The lords were highly incensed by this letter (of King yuels to comyng on it silf); and Presumption,
Charles), considering it a prelimiting of their judgment.” gessing (of peyne neizhinge).

- Four State Truuls. Life of Lord Keeper Herbert, quoted
by Campbell, v. ii.

And pullen forth a presumpcion

101. Forsothe in the fourthe zeer al the fruytis of the trees

To prove the sothe. -Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5711. schal be halewid preiseful. (E.V. preysable, laudabilis.)


Wic. Lev. xix. 24. So fares the boll in his lov'd female's sight;
In all this mene while, she (Grisildis) ne stent
Proudly he bellows and preludes the fight.

Nothing wants, but that thy (Eve's) shape,

Like his, and colour serpentine may shew This maide and eke hire brother to commend

Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. xii. v. 160. With all hire herte in ful benigne entent,

Thy inward fraud, to warn all creatures from thee PREMISE. Dele from Fr. Prémices, line 2, to

Henceforth ; least that too heav’uly form, pretended So wel that no man coud hire preise amend. Chaucer. "The Clerkes Tale, v. 8902. Dryden, line 4, inclusive. And see Additions to

To hellish falshood, share them.

ton. Par. L. b. x. v. 872. Then at laste hem axeth this

Prime. Also dele the Quotations from Holland and
Emonge the folke touchinge his name,

Or it be price or it be blame.
Gower. Conf. Am. b. vii. fo. 165.

vancement of Learning, b. iii. c. 4, from the Lat.

Prætergeneratio. PRAISE (Appraise).

The dayes called dies cretici and dies of prenostikes of Ther were chapman ychose

good determynations of the passions of a mans sikenesse or PRETERMIT, v.

the contrarye. This chaffare to preise.

But the pledeing of it (method) as a part of the traine of
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3138.
The Boke of Tu'le of Old Age. Caxton, e. 6.

other arts, hath bin the cause that many things which rePRANCE, v.


ferre unto it, and are usefull to be knowne, are prater.

miss'd (prætermissa sunt). Mokell wisedome and goodnes bothe nedeth in a persone Soin he yaf wit

Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. vi, e. 2. malice in diguitie slily to bridell, and with a good bit of With wordes to shewe, areste to withdrawe, in case it would praunce otherwise (As) prentices of lawe.

PRÆTER-VECTION. Lat. Præter-vectio. A than it should.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.

Pirts Plouhman's Vision, v. 13418.
I have y-maad many a knyght,

carrying past or beyond. See VEHICLE.
Bothe mercer and draper,

The place he (Kirchman) produces out of Eunapins to He (S. Johnson) has taken occasion to expose to ridicule That payed nerere for his prentishode

that porpose, seems rather to denote the prater-rection of the childish prattlement of pastoral compositions.

Noght a peire gloves.-Id. 16. v. 2983.

the body to some place, than its elation from the house, Couper to Unwin, Oct. 1779.

wherein it was prepar'd for burial. PREPOST, i. e. Provost, qv.

Pütter. Antiquities of Greece, b. iv. c. 4. PRAY. See Piers Plouhman in v. Prison. And he ordeynede hym prepost or souereyn (præpo

PRETOR. Be thou convertid, Lord, hou longe; and louli preyable be

situm) on Egipt, and on al his hous. thou vp on thi seruauntis. (L. V. able to be preici, depre

Wic. Deeds vii. 10, and Heb. xii. 24. And he comaundide him for to be kept in the pretorie cabilis.)- Wic. Ps. Ixxxix. 13.

(in pratorio) or moot hall of Heroude. PRE-SCIENT.

Wic. Deeds xxni. 35. PREACH. Petre, apostle of Jhesu Crist, to the chosen gestis or

PREVARICATE. The erle should be the next morning by viji of the clocke comelingis of dispersioun or scatteringe abrood, of, etc. up And Adam was not disceyued in feith, forsooth the in the market place, and then preche to the people. the prescience (secundum prascientiam) or bifore knowinge womman was disceyued in feith, in preuaricatioun or Berners' Froissart, v. i. p. 576. of God the fadir.- Wic. 1 Pet. i. 2.

brekyng of the lawe (prevaricatione. M.V. transgression).

Wic. 1 Tim. ii. 14. PRECEL, v.

That terrible term predestination, which hath troubled

so many weak heads to conceive, and the wisest to explain, The whiche by manere was semblable to the prevaricaBe še suget to eche creature of men for God; other to

is in respect to God no prescious determination of our tion (by lyk and contrarye). the kyng, as precellent, or more woorthi in staat, other to

states to come, but a definitive blast of his will already dukis. (L. 1. hijer in state, præcellenti.)

The Golden Legend. Carton, fo. 16, c. 3. fulfilled, and at the instant he first decreed it. Wic. 1 Pet. ii. 13.

Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. xi. PREVE, i. e. Prove, qv. There are many and great precellencies (præcellentiæ) of the soule of man, aboue the soules of beasts, evident unto PRE-SENSATION.

PREVENT. those who philosophize eren according to sense.

The ravenous fowls of heaven Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 3.

She preventeth them that desire her in making herself Flock there, presentient of their food obscene.

first known unto them.-- Wisdom of Solomon, vi. 13. PRECINCT.

Southey. Don Roderick, 6 xvii.

Thus they in lowliest plight repentant stood
And şif eny man comme with in the purseynt of the

Praying,—for from the mercy-seat above, temple, be he sleyn. (L.V. closyng, septum.).

Broche hem with a pak-nedle,

Prevenicnt grace descending had remov'd
Wic. 4 Kings xi. 8; also 15. And playte hem togideres,

The stony from their hearts, and made new flesh
And putte hem in a presse,

Regenerate grow instead.-Viton. Par. L. b. xi. v. 3. PRECISE. We call-Prenotion-a Precision of And pyne hem thereinne.

Half way he met endless investigation, abscissionem.-— Wats. Ba on.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2897. His daring foe, at this prevention more

He (Pictagoras) that in Athenys was a maister, and

16. b. vi, v. 129. Advancement of Learning, b. v. c. 5. See the Quo


wolde be maad a pilgrym and a disıyple, The Queen a legion to King Turnus sent, tation from Bacon in v. Prenotion, in Dictionary. more wilnyng other mennus thingis shamfastli to lernen, But the swift horse the slower foot prevent. than his owne unshamfastli to prece forth.

Dryden. Æneid, b. ix. v. 504. PREDIAL

Wic. Bible. Pref. Ep. p. 61. He charged the soldiers with preventive care,
For they wyll have no losse
And I hopide in the blessyng of God: and as he that

Id. 16. b. x, v. 361. Of theyr predyall landes.

gaderith grapis, Y fillide the pressour. (E.V. presse, tor- PREY.
Spenser. Colyn Cloute, v. 932. cular.)-Id. Ecclus. xxxiii. 17.
With commission-So many as they thought able men

And he toke proyes of the citee (L.V. preies, spolia) and PREDOOMED, i. e. Foredoomed, qv. of body to beare armes, although they were not come to

brente it with tijr, and distriyede housis therof, and wallis the lawful age for service, to prest them soldiours.

therof in cumpas.- Wic. 1 Mac. i. 33. Were ways of darkness, and her death predoom'd

Holland. Liry, p. 548.

PRICK. To the black hour of midnight.

An excellent critic of our own commends Boileau's Southey. Curse of Kehama, b. vi. $4; b. xi. $ 3. closeness, or, as he calls it, pressness, particularly;

I may no lenger lette, quod he, whereas it appears to me, that repetition is his fault, if

And lyard he priktde. PREEN, .

Piers Plouhmar's Vision, v. 13088.
Sc. Prein, prene, prin, v. a. To pin. any fault should be imputed to him.
Jamieson. Suio. Goth. Cælum vel instrumentum

Young. Lore of Fame. Preface. (Oon) Bare-foot on an asse bak

Boot-les cam prikye.-ld. Ib. v. 12093.
quoddam acutum. Prenta, imprimere. Ger. Pfierm.

I paide it (tithe) ful prestly,

(He is) a prikere on a palfrey.-Id. lb. v. 6220. For peril of my soule.

The she calf fair and shapli (is) Egipt; the prickere sro Forsothe Dauid harpide with his hond, as bi all daies :

Piers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 3992 and Saul helde a spere, and caste, and gesside that he

the North (stimulator) shal come to hir.

Wic. Jer. xlvi. 20. Prest is the Book of Levy (L. 1'. Opun), in the whiche myšte prene (E V. pitche to gidre, configere) Dauid with the wal; that is, perse with the spere, so that it schulde

alle sacryfices ..
... enspiren hedenli sacramentis.

Upon the deed te shulen not kitte zoure flesh, ne eny passe til to the wal. - Wic. 1 kings xviii. 11.

Wic. Bible. Pref. Ep. p. 57. pryckyngis je shulen not make to jow. (L.V.ether marhis And Saul enforside to prene (E. V. fitche to gidre, confi

in zoure fleisch, stigmata.)-Id. Lev. xix. 28.

PRESTIGE, s. Now in common use. Prestges gere) with the spere Dauid in the wall

Thou art he that hast ouercome the pryck of deth-thnt Id. 16. xix. 10. Second Version. was formerly used in French as explained above (in is—the deuyll.– The Golden Legend. Cizton, fo. 26, c. 2.

Dictionary). See Cotgrave. Later Dictionaries, As when, to warn proud cities, war appears

Wag'd in the troubled sky, and armies rush
Chamband to Boiste, say Illusion par fascination;
Fro hennus therfore we shuln bygynne the tellyng, be

To battle in the clouds, before each van it ynewi for to have said so myche of prefacion, or byfore(Boiste continues), par art, fascination. Prestige

Prich forth the airy knights, and couch their spears (de profutrone).-- Wic 2 Mac. ii. 33

is applied by us—“ To that moral influence (per- Till thickest legions close. - Milton. Tur. L. b. i. v. 536.

Her ways



To fon it is honen for to knowe the mysterie or priuyte PROGNOSTIC, v. Alle his dazis the anpitons man proud-th. (L.V. is proud, (mysteria) of the kyngdam of heuenes.-la. Mat. xiii. 11.

Those acute and subtile spirits (the devils) in all their superbit.)-Wic. Job xv. 20.

Loke who that is most vertuous alway,

sagacity, can hardly divine who shall be saved; which if Prive and apert; and most entendeth, ay,

they could prognostic, their labour were at an end, nor PRIMATE To do the gentil dedes that he can,

need they compass the earth seeking whom they may deForsothe Appolonye, sone of Nestei, was sent into Egipt

And take him for the gretest gentilman.

vour.--Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. \ lvii. for primatis, ether princes of Tolome Philemetor, the kyng.

Chaucer. Wij of Bathes Tale, v. 6696.
Wic. 2 Mac. iv. 21.

PRIZE, or PRISE, 8. v. The Ger. Preis ; D.
I shulde haue write perauenture to the chirche, but this Priis ; Sw. Pris : are the price or value of a thing.

Nor can this remote matter suddenly
Diotropis, that loueth to bere primacye in hem (primatum),

Progress so from extreme unto extreme, receydeth not us.-ld. 3 John ix.

From the A. S. Hent-an, to take (as the Hand), is As to grow gold, and leap o'er all the means.
the Lat. Hend-ere, used only in composition, as pre-

Ben Jonson. Alchemist, act ii. sc. 3. PRIME (time). From six to nine in the morn- hendere (to pre-hend, qv.), contracted into prendere, PROGUE. See PRIG. ing. Primitiæ or Primices. Fr. Prémices; It.

past. part. prensum ; and hence, the It. prendere ; Primizia ; Sp. Primicia; Lat. Primitiæ. First fruits. Sp. prender; Fr. prendre; It. and Sp. preso; Fr.


prins (see in Cot.) pris; and on this past part. is PROLATE. There I shal seche your prymysies or first fruytis, and founded the verb, priser. Both Latin verb and Fr.

Bycause at the prolacion and repetition of this canticle the bigynnynge of your tithis in alle your halewingis.

supply many compounds. And see PraisE, PRE- that tribulacion ceassed. - The Golden Legend, fo. 23, c. 2.

Wic. Ez. xx. 4.
We owen for to do thankingis euer more to God for


PROLETARIAN, adj. Lat. Proles. Applied to HAND, HINT. je bretheren loued of God, that God cheer vs primyssis or firste fruytes into heelthe, in halowyng of spirit, and feith (These were the pris neet of Piers plow,

the Roman plebeians, who supplied children to the of treuthe.-12. 2 Thess. ii. 12.

Passynge alle othere.

state, and no other aid. The swetnesse and softnes of pryme temps called veer,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13487. Of 15000 proletaries slain in battle, scarce fifteen are and spryngyn tyme be passed. The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, g.

Opposite to this (the arch of Constantine) is the arch of recorded in history.
Titus Vespasian, erected to him for his prize of Jerusalem.

Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy. Pref. The courtier needes must recompensed bee

Raymond. A Voyage through Italy in 1646 and 1647. (We) Like speculators should foresee,
With a benevolence, or have in gage

From Pharos of authority,
The primitias of your parsonage.
The stat. in his (Edward I.) 28th year had a sting in the

Portended mischiefs, farther than
tail that was as ill as his saving of ancient aids and prisals
Spenser. Mother Hubbard's Tale, v. 518.

Low Proletarian tything men.
which was in the stat, of confirmation of charters.
(The Pythagoreans) when they sacrificed unto the gods
N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, c. lxiv. p. 217.

Butler. Hudibras, pt. i. can. 1. would especially taste of the primices or parcels of flesh

PROLIX. which they had killed.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 638.


Your lordship commanded me to be large, and I take This lanx, in English a charger, or large platter, was But when the infernal troupe he proched neere,

licence to be prolirious, and shalbe peraduenture tedious. yearly filled with all sorts of fruit, which were offered to That still the pagan's ire and rage prouoke,

Hakluyt, v. i. R. Thorne to Dr. Ley. the gods at their festivals, as the premices or first gather- The angell on his wings himselfe did beare,

PROMPT. ings.-Dryden. On the Origin and Progress of Satire. And shooke his lance.

Fairefaz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. ix. st. 63. To procure a ready provision for discourse, arguments PRINCIPAL

may be before band framed, and stored up, about such

PROBLEM. And he zaf reste to alle prouyncis, and grantide large

things as are frequently incident, and come into discepta,

tion; and this we call promptuarie art, or preparation. şiftis aftir principal gret doing. (L.V. worschipful doing bonde, and counseile hyın, that he schewe to thee what the of a prince, magnificentiam principalem.)

Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. r. c. 3. Wic. Esth. ii. 18. probleme signyfieth.– Wic. Judges xiv. 15.

PRONE. In Wiclif, Gen. viii. 21, the Lat. zelde to me the gladnesse of thin nelthe ziuere; and

PROCEED, v. PROCESS. Statement of the case Pronus is rendered Redi (in to yuel), and in var. r. with the spirit principal (spiritu principali) conferme thou me.-Id. Ps. 1. 14. proceeding, (account, story). Dyce.

redi ether proone.

To procede thys history.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 327. In the most part therof I durst not turn my horse traPRINCIPLE.

A proces I could tell.–Skelton. Philip Sparrow, v. 735. nerse for all the worldly riches, nor in manner look on my Siluer hath the principlis of his veynes. (L.V. begin

left hand for the pronite and deepness to the valley (from nings, principia.)— Wic. Job xxviii. 1.

PRO-CUMBENT. Lat. Procumbens (procum- the Alps). - Strype, v. i. pt. ii. p. 27. Evil examples ; natural inclination and other prin- bere). To lean forwards; leaning forwards. amant causes, proceeding from the natural weakness of

PRONOUNCE. humane constitution, are the fountain and proper causes of

Procumbent each obey'd, and when the flood
Cleaving, we twice that distance had obtain'd,

And Helyu pronounside ; and spac also these thingis. many consequent evils,

(E. V. tellende forth, pronuntians.) — Wic. Job xxxiv. 1. Again I hail'd the Cyclops. Bp. Taylor. On Repentance, sec. iv. c. 6,6 70.

Cowper. Odyssey, b. ix. v. 580. But this kind of writing, which seems to be reformed, In which posture of blind credulity, they might be more

which is, that the writing should be consonant to speaking, easily governed by, and made useful to, some sort of men, PROCURE. In Wiclif, Luke iii. 1, Procurante is a branch of unprofitable subtleties; for pronunciation who had the skill and office to principle and guide them. Locke. On Human Understanding, b. i. c. 4, $ 24. Judee, is in var. r. procurynge or kepyng—also pro- utterly confounded and lost. Pontio Pilato Judæam, Pilat of Pounce kepinge itselfe every day encreases and alters the fashion : and the

derivations of words especially from forrain languages are PRINT. curende.

Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. vi. c. 1. And Y suffre the for to make smytyng or printe of thin For I make Piers the Plowman own money in thi regioun. (L. V. Prynte, percussuram My procuratour and my reve.

PROPEND, v. numismatis.)— Wic. Mac. xv. 6.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13472. Thou, from the regions of eternal day, Y pocritis, what tempten zee me? Shewe zee to me the PROEM.

View'st all thy works at one immense survey; prynte of the moneye (numisma census),

Hidur to is the Prohemy; tho thingis, that suen weren

Pleas'd, thou behold'st the whole propensely tend
Id. Matt. xxii. 19.
set in that place; where it was writun in the book.

To perfect happiness, its glorious end.
Wic. Esth. xii. 6.

Blacklock. Ps. 104. Imitated. PRISON, s. Is used by Piers Plouhman in the


Let us suppose a person ever so selfish; let private intesense of-Prisoner.

rest have ingrossed ever so much his attention ; yet in in

Many tongues of great false teachings ... loues seruants, (Charité) many a prison fram purgatorie

stances, where that is not concerned, he must unavoidably that professe in his religion of true rule, pursewen to con Thorogh hise preieres he delivereth.

feel some propensity to the good of mankind, and make it founden and to distroyen.--Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10316.

an object of choice, if every thing else be equal.

Hume. Prin. of Morals, sec. v. pt. 2. Lo! Y shal bringe in on thee yuel, and Y shal sle of PROFFER. Achab prisoned (E. V. the closid, clausum), and the laste


The pawme is purely the hand, ia Israel.– Wic. 3 Kings xxi. 21.

And profreth forth the fyngres.

Haile wedded love, mysterious law, true source
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11651.

Of human offspring, sole propriety
PRIVILEGE. The Lat. Privilegium, was ap-
The profre of hem (L. V. profryng, oblatio) pleside to

In Paradise of all things common else. plied, Ist, to a Law, in privatos homines, against Emor and to Sichem, his sone.-'Wic." Gen. xxxiv. 18.

Milton. Par. L. b. iv. v. 751. private or single persons; and as such is severely

It is very natural for every king to desire unlimited denounced by Cicero. 2ndly, and subsequently, to


power: it is as proper an object to their appetites as wine I fond there freres,

to a drunkard. -Swift to Pulleney, May 12, 1735. a Law, granting to a single person, or to a body of

Prechyng the peple persons, some power or immunity for their own

For profit of hemselue.

PROPINQUITY. exclusive use or enjoyment. Such exclusive powers

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 118. There neuer propinquity ne aliaunce was. or immunities are also assumed and exercised by And Jhesus profitide (proficiebat) in wysdom, age, and

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. lawfully constituted authorities, for the better en- grace arremptis God and men.– Wic. Lúke ii. 52.

PROPONE. forcement of the powers committed to them, and for PROFOUND.

The meaning of the proponent, spread out at breadth, the regulation of their proceedings: as by courts

was to joyn the Presbytery with the Bishop in all acts of

Vice and the Devil pot a fallacy opon our reason, and ordination and jurisdiction—to give them the first room and of justice, the houses of parliament. Privilege is in provoking us too hastily to run from it, entangle and pro- first voice and no more. common speech applied in contradistinction to Pre- found us deeper in it.

Hackett. Life of Archbp. Williams, pt. ii. p. 144.

Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ 55. rogative, qv. As the Privileges of the Commons, the

PROPOSE. See PROPONE. Prerogative of the Crown.




Wo to zou scribis and phariseis-ipocrites that coen Ne is it priue fro thee (L. V. hid, clam), that withouten The man asked us by ordre onre progenye (L, V; gene- aboute the see and the lond; to make o prosilite (prosebodies and loond, we han not (nought).

racioun, progeniem), if the fadir lyuede, if we hadden alytum), that is, conuertid to zoure ordre. Wic. Gen. xlvii. 18. brother.- Wic. Gen. xliii. 7.

Wic. Mat. xxiii. 15.



PUR Wo be unto you Scribes and Pharises, ye ypocrites: for stress of their creed on the resurrection rather than on the plains, to sustain. In Berners—it is, to seek ; to ye compasse see and lande, to make one proselyte. crucifixion.-Id. lb. p. 184.

strive to obtain.
Cranmer's Bible, 1539. 16.

He (the Reve) conde better than his lord pourchace ; PROSPER,

Ful riche he was ystored privily.
No thyng that is pryve,

Chaucer. Prologue, v. 610. And thei porsueden sonys of pride, and the werk had

Publice thow it nevere. prosperite in her hondis (prosperatum est).

For wind and wether almighty God purchace,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6785.
Wuc. 1 Mac. ii. 47.

And bring hire home.

Id. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5293. PUCEL, s. Fr. Pucelle, Pucelage; Lat.

Duke Johan of Brabante purchased greatly that the Now in Engelond it is a common protection agens perse- PUCELLAGE. Puella. See MAID. A girl; a erle of Flaanders should have his doughter in marriage. cucion of prelatis, and symme lordis, if a man is customable

Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 168. maid; a virgin. to swere nedeles, and fals and unanisid, bi the boonys, nailes, and sidis, and other membris of Crist.

Pucell without pere!-Chaucer. Envoys, &c. Bal. iii. 54.

Ye Kynge of England made moche purchace to have the
Wic. Bible. Prol.


doughter of therle of F. to haue been married to his son
I find the trial of the pucellage and virginity of women,
which God ordained the Jews, is very fallible.

Edward.-Id. Ib. v. i. p. 375. PROTERVE, adj. Lat. Protervus, pro terere

Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ 10.

For what in me was purchas'd
To trample down; violent.

Falles vpon thee in a more fayrer sort.

Shakespeare. 2 Henry IV. act iv. sc. 4. In the last dayes men schulen be louynge hem silf Ne let house-fyres, nor lightnings help-les harmes, unmylde, withoute benignyte, traitours, proterue or ouer

PURE, adj.

Ne let the pouke, or other evill sprights, . thwert (proterui). (M. V. heady.)- Wic. 2 Tim. iii. 4.

Fray us with things that be not.

And thow shalte gilte it with moost purid gold. (L. V.

Ex. xxv, 24. PROVAND.

Spenser. Epithalamium, v. 341. purest, purissimo.) - Wic

Ywis, Sire King, quoth Sir Fouk, (Mede) provendreth persones,

Iwene that knight was a pouke.
And preestes maynteneth.

Ellis. Rom. ii. 195. Richard Corur de Lion.

A womman
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1657.

Worthiliche y-clothed,

Purfiled with pelure,

The fyneste upon erthe.
That Paul precheth of hem
They can sey no reason how olde age entrith souner in

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 896. I wol not preve it here.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 76. the man after adolescence, no more than doeth adolescence

after puerice (pueritiæ), called childhode.
And thou shalt hen larned in alle thingus, and prouable
in the sizt of all men. (L. V. comendable, probabilis.).

The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, b. 3, (d. iv. h. 32). Thei shul be clensed clerliche,
Wic. Ecc. xlii. 8.

And wasshen of hir synnes

PUERPERAL. Puerum parere; to bring forth In my prisone purgatorie. Forgothe Macedonye and Achaye proueden (L.V. assaied, probaverunt) to make sum collacioun, or gedrynge a boy, a child.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12868. Of or pertaining to childbirth,

Thow shalt passe to the hil and hew to thee, and of inoneye, in to pore men of seyntis that ben in Jerusalem. Ilithya, arbitress

purge Id. Rom. xv. 26. Of pangs puerperal.-Cowper. Iliad, b. xvi. v. 225. spacis to dwelle. (L. V. clense, purgabis.)

Wic. Josh, xvii, 18. PROVE, i. e. Approve. PUISSANT.

Thanne al Yrael descendide to Philistiym, that echen Bring eke with you a bolle, or elles a panne,

and purgyng And so puauntely doth smell, i. e. puissauntly, strongly. sharpe his shaar, and diggyng yren, and axe, Ful of water: and ye shul wel see, thanne,

Skelton, v. i. p. 124.

hook. (L. V. picoise (pickaxe), ligonem.) How that our besinesse shall thrive and preve.

Id. 1 Kings xiii. 20. Chaucer. Chan, Yem. Tale, v. 16680. PULE, v.

Forsothe to whom thes ben not redy, he is blynd, and bi Among all his after his wicked usage,

Sep. Off, off; thou must off; off my cowardize,

hond temptynge or assayinge, receyuynge forgetingnes of This markis yet his wif to tempten more

Puling repentance, off.---Beaumont and Fletcher. The the purgynge purgationis, var. r. purgingnesse) of his olde To the uttereste prefe of hire corage.

False One, act iv. sc. 3.

trespassis.-Id. 2 Pet. i. 9. Id. Clerkes Tale, v. 8663.

The humors in anatomie are commonly, past by, as if PULL. PROVIDE. Chaucer makes distinction between

they were superfluous purgaments and excrements. Pardoners hadde pite,

Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 2. providence and purveyance. See the Quotation from

And pulled hym into house. him in the Dictionary. As provide is to foresee, so

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1321.

PURITAN. provision is foresight; and is so used by Shake- PULSE.

The name Puritan was put upon them (the Noncon

formists, A. D. 1564), and by that they were commonly speare.

(He) perceyved by his pous

known; when they had been called by that name awhile, In his weies it shal shewe itself to them, and gladsamli

He was in peril to dye.

the vicious multitude of the ungodly called all Puritans, in alle provydence, or bifore ordeynyng (L. V. puruyaunce,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11502. that were strict and serious in a holy life, were they ever so providentia), it shall azen come to them.


conformable! So that the same name in a bishop's mouth, Wic. Wis. vi. 17. While my jealousy of him (Friday) lasted, you may be

signified a Nonconformist, and in an ignorant drunkard's Pros. I haue with such prouision in mine art

or-swearer's mouth, a godly, obedient Christian. sure I was every day pumping him, to see if he would disSo safely ordered, that there is no soulecover any of the new thoughts which I suspected were in

Sylvester. Life and Times of Richard Barter, p. 32. No-not so much perdition as an hayre him.-Defoe. Robinson Crusoe.

We have thought proper to insert in this place an seBetid to any creature in the vessell.'

count of the rise and progress of the Puritans; because Shakespeare. Tempest, act i. sc. 2, fo. 21. PUNGE, v. PUNCTUAL.

Camden marks the present year (1568) as the period when PROVOST.

they began to make themselves considerable in England. The sonus of child wymmen (puellarum) pungiden hem.

Hume. History, c. xl. And Phynees, the sone of Aaron, the sone of Eliazar, (L. V. prickiden, compunxerunt.) — Wic. Judith xvi. 14.

PURLOIN. was prouost of the hows. (L. V. souereyn, præpositus.)

Lo! he cometh with cloudis, and eche ije shal see him,

He that proloyneth his brother which is a fre man, and Wic. Judges xx. 28. and thei that pungeden (pupugerunt) or prickeden hym.

Id. Apoc. i. 7.

sillith hym, shal be slayn.- Wic. Bible. Prol. p. 7. PROXIME.

They (the stars) seem to rowle

PURPLE. This righteousness is the prorimous cause operating to Spaces incomprehensible (for such salvation.–Tucker. Light of Nature, c. xvii. Christian Thir distance argues, and thir swift return

And sum womman, Lidda, bi name, purpuresse (purprise Scheme, 24.

Diurnal) meerly to officiate light

raria) of the citee of Tiatereus, worschipinge God, herde. Round this opacous eerth, this punctual spot,

(M. V. seller of purple.)- Wic. Deeds xvi. 14.
One day and night.--Milton. Par. L. b. viii. v. 23.

For there he pruneth him and piketh,
As doth an hauke, whan him well liketh.

What is forsothe other folk of kynde so noble, that hath
Gower. Conf. Am. b. vi. fo. 139. And what persone paieth it nought,

ceremoyns, and rištwis domys, and al the lawe, that I It is neither indifferent, nor true dealing, thus to nip Punysshen he thenketh.

purpose to day before zoure eyen! (L. V. sette forth, pro

Dert. iv. 8. and proine the Doctor's sayings.—Bp. Jewell, ii. 424. Jelf.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13345. ponam.) - Wic
He wol not entremete by right,

How Caton was lerned in the lawe-a pleder and a purPSALM.

Ne haven God in his eyen sight;

poser in the courtys.

The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, a. 1, c. 2. Carton. And therefore God shall him prinice. There thow shalt have metynge a floc of prophetis comynge doon fro the heez, and before hem a sawtree (psalte

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7237.

PURPUREAL, See PURPLE. rium), and a tymbre.— Wic. 1 Kings x. 5. And the kynge wold no double the payne and pugnycion.

A bright belt

The Golden Legend. Carton, fo. 17, c. 2. Now forsothe bryngith to me a sawtrer (psaltem). And

Purpureal (Hector) took from Ajax in return. whanne the sawtrer psaltes) songe ..., PUNY.

Cowper. liad, b. vii, v. 360. Id. 4 Kings iii. 15.

Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of Parliament, or the PURSE, v. PSILANTHROPIST, 8., 2 From Gr. pelos, House of Commons, were not known nor heard of 'till punier Hastow (hast thon) ought in this purs, quod he. PSILANTHROPISM. times than these.-N. Bacon. Hist. Disc. pt. ii. Preface.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3097. mere, and ανθρωπος,

Pap. My little foreign friend purs'd up his lanthorn jaws man. See the Quotations.


with a shrug of contempt.-Foote. The Lyar, act i. If the doctrines, the sum of which I believe to constitute

This is a clene religioun, and anwemmyd anentis God the truth in Christ, be Christianity, then Unitarianism is

PURSUE, r. and the fadir, for to visite

pupilles (pupillos) that is fadirles not, and vice versâ ;-and, in speaking theologically and or modirles or bothe, and widewes in her tribulacioun, and impersonally, i. e. of Psilanthropism, and The-anthropism

For, Sir! my nece wol doen well by the, for to kepe him self vndefoulid fro this world. -as schemes of belief, without reference to individuals,

And love the best, by God and by my trothe

Wic. Jam. i. 27. who profess either the one or the other,-it will be absurd

But lacke of pursute marre it in thy slothe. to use a different language, as long as it is the dictate of

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii, v. 959. PURCHASE. Low Lat. Purchacia, porchaicia, common sense, that two opposites cannot be called by the

She led them on in quick pursual. same name.-Coleridge. Biog. Lit. v. ii. p. 308. per, or rather, por-chaucare; which are derived by

Southey. Don Roderick, xiv. Du Cange from Fr. Pourchasser. Purchase, in PURVEY. I was a Psilanthropist, one of those who believe our Lord to have been the real son of Joseph, and who lay the main Chaucer, Man of Lawes Tale, Mr. Tyrwhitt ex- gyue thou not thi mouth; that thou make thi fleisch to


do synne; nether sei thon bifor an aungel, No purueiaunce distortions of limbs; and they thence received the appel. QUEST.
is. (E. V. purueying, providentia.)- Wic. Eccles. v. 5. lation of Quakers. George Fox, born at Drayton in Lan-

If we have any certain prenotion, presently that which cashire, in 1624, was founder of this sect.

is infinite is discharged and cut off, and the questing of PUSH.

Hume. History of England, c. 62. An. 1660.

memory is brought within a more narrow compass. For a cat

Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. v. c. 5. QUALMIRE. See QUAG. Pleide with hem perillousle

It (an opinion) has to undergo a long questionary process, And possed about.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 302.


among the fumes, and the filtrations, and the intense heat All the lockes, alle the barres and shittynges (i. e. shut.

of a laboratory. tings), ben broken and to pusshed.

And whanne zit he quappid (L. V. spraulide, palpitaret), Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. ii. c. 2.
The Golden Legend. Caston, fo. 21, c. 1. cleuying in the Ook, ten jonge squyers of Isab, runnen

and smytynge,
slowen hym (Absolon).


Wic. 2 Kings xviii. 14. PUSIL, adj. Little. See PUSILLANIMOUS.

Achior fel in to his face rpon the erthe, and his lif qunp- QUIBBLE. See Quip. But now it (Spiritus) is knowne to be a corporall and pide. (L. V. his soule suffride eneyntizyng, æstumvit anima materiate substance, it is necessarie to be enquired, by ejus.)-Id. Judith xiii. 29.

QUICKEN. See Piers Plouhman in v. Quench, what efforts such a pusill (pusilla) and thin soft aire should

supra. put in motion such solid and hard bodies.

Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 3.

And tho was he conquerour called
And thei zenen it (monei) to the craftis men and to the

Of quyke and of dede.
PUT, s. A game at cards. A country Put.
masouns, that thei schulden bien hewen stones of the qua-

Pers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13065. See Tatler, No. 230; where this word, with banter,

rers. (L. V. out of the delues, ether quarreris, de lapuli-
cinis.) (4 Kings xxii. 6, quarrees, L. V. quarieris.)

QUINCES. Written Coines, is enumerated bamboozle, kidney, are mentioned as refinements

Wic. 2 Pur. xxxiv. 11.

among “the homely trees" in the garden. Chau. struggling into notice. Peter (quod a plowman).

QUARTAN. Recurring on the fourth day. See cer, Rom. of the Rose, v. 1374.
And putte forth his hedde.

Chaucer, in v. Quotidian, infra.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3578.

QUINIBLE, s. Is explained (says Skinner), a (These) peculiarities would have denominated me a QUARTERN. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Payse, treble. Green Horn, or in other words, a country prut very green. supra.

Therto he song somtime a loud

quinible. Adventurer, No. 100.

Chaucer. The Mulleres Tale, v. 3332.

PUT. In Wiclif, Er. xxi. 29, The Lat. Cornu-
And derk bicam the sonne;

Whether thei sungen not to hym by queeris (var. r. ca. peta, is rendered horn-pultere; pultere with horn. And al the world quared.

rouls, per choros), and seiden, Saul smoot a thousynde, and Sothli of the companye thei withdrowen sum man,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12196. Dauid smoot ten thousynde.- Wic. 1 Kings xxi. 11. Alisaundre, Jewis puttinge or fer schowfynge. (L. V. prut- And Saule saw the tentis of Philisteis, and dradde and tiden, var. r. pultyng or pultiden, propellentibus.) his herte quauyde (var. r. quakide, erpavit) ful myche.

QUIT. See Piers Plouhman in v. Quench, supra. Wic. Deeds xix. 33.

Wic. 1 Kings xxviii. 5. To quite vows (vota solvere).- Wic. Num. xv. 3. PUTATIVE. Lat. Put-are, to cut out; sc. any

Also after the wynde, quauynge; not in the quauynge


Y schal zelde vengeance to myn enemyes, and Y schal the Lord. (L. V. stiring, commotio.)

quyte (retribuam) to hem that haten.--Id. Deut. xxxii. 41. thing hurtful or useless. Met. To cut out-false

Id. 3 Kings xix. 11.

Every Christen wight shal han penance, opinions — preserving only true; to clear away

But if that he his Christendome withseye; doubtful or obscure notions. See Aulus Gellius,

QUEACH. A queach of bushes, in Julia Barnes,


gon al quite, if he wol it reneye. l. vi. c. 5, quoted by Vossius. Skinner thinks, is a quick or quickset of bushes.

Chaucer. Seconde Nonnes Tale, v. 15916.

That all arrestments, reprisals, and impignorations of PUZZLE.

QUEDE. Lat. Ni fallor; Dut. Quaede; Ger. whatsoever goods and merchandizes, &c. made, &c. are from O Flan. They have got the old Gentleman into such Quad. Bad, wicked. Skinner. And see Quad in henceforth quiet, free, and released. puzzleation, that I don't believe he knows what he wishes Wachter. Quaed in Kilian. Also Tyrwhitt.

Hackluyt, v. i. Richard II. and Pruss. Ambass. himself.– Foote. The Bankrupt, A. iii.

A Qüede, An evil, a harm.

QUIVER, s. PYRAMID, s. Volney derives from Brur a mit

God 'give the monke a thousand last quad yere (i. e. a Agen eche pale (she) shal sitte and agen alle arewe shal

thousand last (ever so great a weight) of bad yeres). -The Cave or Sepulchre of the dead. Mr. Ren

opene quyuere (pharetram) to the tyme that she faile. Chaucer. Prioresses Prol. v. 13368.

Wic. Ecclus. xxvi. 15. ouard approves the Etymology of De Sacy~from My fader it (Daunger) is such a quede,

QUOD. See QUOTH. the Egyptian, Pehram; the sacred place. See

That where I come, he is tofore,
Ency. Metropolitanu.
And doth so, that my cause is lore.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. iii. fo. 554.

I quethe him quite (i. e. I say he is, I declare him, quit).
There maie none quad that man arest,

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7001
Where so he be on sea or londe,
That hath this rynge upon his honde.

Id. 16. b. v. fo. 103.

Cotidien, ne the quarteine,
Though these knanes be deade,

Is not half so full of peine.
Full of myschefe and queed,

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 240L.
Yet where so euer they ly
Theyr names shall never dye.- Skelton. Epitaphe.

QUYTER, v. Perhaps from A. S. Scyt-an, to , A gathering; a collection.

QUYTURE, s. ) shoot.
QUYLET. 3 Glos

Ne with the quyterende enuye wei I shal han. (L. V. To find the quadrature of the circle, is to find a recti- And je schulen offre brent sacrifice to the Lord, it is

with enuye werynge rotun, invidia tabescente.) inear quadrilateral plane rectangular and equilateral, forsothe of companye, and of quelet; al seruile werk je

Wic. Wis. vi. 15. whose area or space included within the linear perimeter schulen not do in it. (L. V. gaderynge, est enim cætus atque

The which (Job) with a scherd scrapide awei the quyture may be most accurately equal to the proposed circle, i. e. collecta.)- Wic. Lev. xxiii. 36; and Deut. xvi. 8.

(saniem), end the dunghil.-. Job ü. 8. to the plane area which is circumscribed by the circular

Thou forsothe art cast aferr fro thi sepulcre, as a stoc perimeter.-Barrow. Mathematical Lectures, xi. p. 201. QUEMEFUL.

unprofitable, as with quyture defyled. (L. V. defoulid with QUADRUPED.

Thin ire ceesse and be thou quemeful on the wickidnesse rot, pollutus.)-Id. Is. xiv. 19. But learn we might, if not too proud to stoop

of thi puple. (E. V. peesyble, placabilis.)

Wic. Er. xxxii. 12.
To quadrupede instructors, many a good
And useful quality, and virtue too,

He shal biseche God, and he shal be quemeful to hym.
Rarely exemplified among ourselves.

(E. V. plesable, placabilis.)-Id. Job xxxii. 26.
Cowper. Task, b. vi. v. 622.

Whom ever I schal kisse, he it is; holde ze him, and

My deeth shal releve,

And bothe quykne and quyte lede se warly, or queyntely (caute).- Wic. Mark xiv. 44. That queynt was thorugh synne. A bird . . . . all full of colour strange and coint,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12772.

RA, RAE. See Roe.
Uneouth, and wonderfull to sight,
Upon the Quenes herse con light.

The sone of tresoun, that was Judas, acquenchid.

Wic. Prol. Luke.

Chaucer. Dreame, v. 1826.
The sone of lost aquent. (L. V. the sone of perdicioun

Two rabitynges (L.V. dentynges, incastrature) weren by
was deed.)-Id. Prol. Deedis.

eche tables, that the tone to that other myzt be ioyned.

Wic. Et. xxxvi. 22; also 24. QUERNE. QUAKE.

RABBLE, 0. In the North still in common use. And the pople sode about, and gaderide it (manna), and Hese thingus also shul dreden and quaken in the wei brak with a quearne stoon. (E. V. gryndstoone, mola.)

To speak in a confused manner.-Brocket; and in (be aferd, formidabunt).- Wic. Eccles. xii. 5.

Wic. Num. xi. 8.

the Exmouth Dialect-A rabble-rote is a repetition Forsothe drede and quakynge (tremor) had assayled QUERROUR. See QUARRY.

of a long, round-about story. Grose. Fox (see in hem, or gon in to hem, and to no man thei seiden ony

Dictionary) writes, “ to rabble out the scriptures thing, forsothe thei dreden.-Id. Mark xvi. 8.


without purpose, rime, or reason." QUAKER.

And the Lord seide to Moyses, Ber afen the zerde of To rabble was the common word used in Scotland The violent enthusiasm of this sect, like all high pas.

Aaron into the tabernacle of witnessynge, that it be kept at the time of the Revolution to denote the outrages

there into the tokne of the rebel sones of Israel, and the sions, being too strong for the weak nerves to sustain, threw the preachers into convulsions, and shakings, and querels resten (L. V. plontis, querelæ quiescant) fro me,

of " a noisy, tumultuous medley” of Covenanters lest thei dien. - Wic. Num, xvii. 10.

towards the Church clergymen. For the extent to

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