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REA which these outrages were carried, see Macaulay's fully two etymologies (9qv.) Cowper seems to RATH. Rathest was used so late as Bp. SanderHistory of England, v. iii. pp. 249, 250. have purloined the word from Burns.
son. (Trench.) RACE. A. S. Ræse, cursus.
Aske the rathermor (L. V. formere, pristinam) iedera.
The tapetless (heedless) ramfeezi'd hizzie,
cioun, and bisily enserche the mynde of the fuders. Item, impetus fluvii—the violent course of a river.
Burns. Works, v. iii. p. 243.
Wic. Job viii. 8. Somner. See the Quotation from Berners.
I lent him (Burns) to a very sensible neighbour of mine, But now to purpose of my rather speche. They sayled so longe yt they passed the rase-Saynt but his uncouth dialect spoiled all, and beiore he had half
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressuda, b. iii. v. 1337. Matthew in Bretayne. - Berners' Froissart, v, ii. p. 215. read through him, he was quite ramfeezled.
But lesingoures with hir base flatterie ...
Cowper to Rose, Aug. 27, 1787. With fraude covered under a pitous face,
Accepted be nowe rathest unto grace.
Id. The Black Knight, v. 427. neral : yet I know not whether they have not lost part of aunt (rapiens) and rorende.- Wic. Ps. xxi. 14.
When you have most plentie then ratherest prooide
Translated what Temple calls their “ race," a word which when ap
Beniamyn, a wulf raumpynge (L. V.rauyschynge, rapar) against wante.— The Schole of Cyrus, boke i. plied to wine in its primitive sense, means the flavour of
the morwen tide he shalí eete à pray; and the eueutide, by Wm. Bercker. (Horne Tooké. M.S. in Shinner.) the soil. -- Johnson. Life of Thomson. he shall diayde spoylis.-ld. Gen. xlix. 27.
RATIONAL, s. A Rational, Lat. Rationale. See RACH. RACHET. See BRACH.
Du Cange. The breest brooch, or nowche upon the RACK. See WRACK, infra, and the Quotation Still the ramparted ground
breest, in which dome and treuthe shal be writen. from Sterling in v. Sky.
With a vision my fancy inspires,
-Note on Wiclif.
Forsothe these schulen be the clothis whiche thei scholen and lightened in most fearful wise, that it put me into an
Campbell. On the Camp Hill, near Hastings. make; thei schulen make racional (rationale). agony: 80 I looked upon my dream and saw the clouds
Wic. E. xxvii. 4. rack at an unusual rate.-Bunyan. Pilgrim's Progress. RANDOM.
There is a new sect sprung up among them (the Presbystrain, or extend.
terians and Independents), and these are the Rationalists, moral sense and essential differeuce of things, was a random and what their reason dictates them in church or state Rack Rent, A rent stretched to the utmost. thought of Chrysippus, the Stoic.
stands for good until they be convinced with better.
Warburton. Divine Legation, b. i. sec. 4. Curendon. State Papers, v. ii. p. 10. App. Oct. 14, 1616. RAD. RADDE. See READ.
Than made he ladders three
RAUCOUS, adj. ) Lat. Raucus; the sub. RarI appeal to any one's experience, whether he be con.
To climben by the renges, and the stalkes, scious to himself, that he thinks on the intersection made
RAUCITY, s. S citas is applied by Pliny as the
Unto the tubbes honging in the balkes. by the radious pencils, or pursues the impulses they give
Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3625. English Raucity, by Bacon, to the sound of the in right lines, whenever he perceives by sight the position
And (they) shal compase the kynge round aboute, enery
trumpet. of any object.-Berkeley. On Vision, 690. man wyth his wepen in his hád. And whosoever cometh
Raucous, hoarse, harsh. RAFT. See REAVE. within the rüyes shul dye for it. -4 Kynges xi. 8. Bible, 1549.
Inequality (of sound) not stayed upon but passing, is RANSOM. To ransom is also to exact ransom ;
rather an increase of sweetness; as in the purling or RAILE, v.
wreathed string, and in the raucity of a trumpet. His railing braunches (L. V. bows, propagines) ben forto plunder, to pillage. See the Quotations from
Bacon. Natural History, Cent. vii. 700. saken; thei passeden the se. Berners, in Dictionary.
They (the Arras parrot) seem to articulate only the
sound Ara, and with a rinucous thick tone, which is grating RAIN. Two risen up in rape (haste),
to the ear.–Buffon. History of Birds. (Trans.) And ever more so sterneliche it rone,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3141.
What ravestow (thon)? qnod Rightwisnesse,
Or thow art right dronke?
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12452.
Chaucer. Chan. Yem. Tale, v. 16890. RAISE, or Reise, and to Rere, are used in Wic.
RAVEN. Wost thou, how I know how to ascape ? as we now use Rouse, qv.
I say and sweren him full rape.
Wold religeouse refuse raveneres almesse, Thei that weren in the tabernacle, camen and maden
Id. Rom. of the Rose, v. 6518. Then
growe yut. noise before the entring of the bed, and ymayyneden by She has confessed to me to haue felt in her soule such
Prers Plouhman's Vision, p. 561. craft unrestfulnesse for cause of reisyng (E. V. for ende to
influxes of heavenly joy as have allmost carryed her into reren, causo ercitundi) that Holofernes schulde awake uot of
Raunours (E. V. reueres, pradones) schulen come fro another world: I do not call them rapts and illapses, bethe reiseris (EV. rereres, var. r. arereres, ab ercitantibus)
the north to it (Babylon) seith the Lord.— Wic. Jer. li. 48. cause she would not haue endured to be esteemed above but of sowneris (a sonantibus).-- Wic. Judith xiv. 9. other humble Christians.
RAVISH. His soldiers tooke more pleasure in booties and reises
Evelyn. Life of Mrs. Godolphin, p. 168. (populationibus) than in ease and repose.
He aroos and regnede
And ravysshed helle.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13063.
All outward lainben semen we,
Browne. Brit. Past. b. i, s. 4. RAISIN, s. Fr. Raisine (Raisine de Corinthe is
Full of godenesse, and of pite:.
Wave rowling after wave, where way they found the Currant); Lat. Racemus, a bunch or cluster.
And inwarde we withouten fable,
Ben gredy wolves rarisable.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7018. named from hanging in bunches.
But we, weak minstrels of a laggard day,
RAW. Whethir a reisyn (E. V. graap, racemus) of Effraym is
Skill'd but to imitate the elder page, not better than the vindagis of Abiezer!
Timid and raptureless, can we repay
Eyen rawe may not abyde
For to behold ayenst his bemys bright.
The debt thou claim'st in this exhausted age?
Lyfe of our Ladye, d. 4, col. 2. And there shall be left in it as a rasyn. (E.V. braunches of a cluster. Marg. note, a rasyn is a lytil bow with a RAPTURE. See RAP.
RAY, v. To stripe. lytil fruit.)-1d. 1s. xvii. 6.
A rai cloth she made to hir (stragulatam restem); bijs RAKE. And he smoot of the people (de populo) seuenti men and
purpre the clothing of hir.— Wic. Prov. xxxi. 22. And ryght as Rohartes men
fifti thowsandis of the raskeyl. (L. V. porale, plebis.) Also goldene setis and siluerene, vp on the red (L 1. Raken about, at feyres
Tic. 1 Kings vi. 19. arayed, stratum) payment sinaragd and pario stones, were Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 144. RASE.
disposid.-Id. Esth. i. 6. A rakiere of Chepe.-Id. Vision, v. 3120.
Sende we & tre in to the brede of hymn, and rase (EV'. RAY, v. i. e. Array. RAM. shaue, eradamus) hym uwei fro the land of lyueris, and
He rayed him otherwise; and without wordes mo, his name be no more hadde in mynde.- Wic. Jer. xi. 19. Therfor fe to jou senene bolis, and seuene rammes.
They went to the dyner. (E. V. wetheris, arictes.)– Wic. Job xlii. 8. RASH, s. Minsheu (says Skinner) derives from
Chuucer. Second Marchantes Tale, v. 3181. RAMAS, v. and s. Fr. Ramasser (Cot.) To D. Ras; It. Raso, Rascia, Sericum, Sattin, q. Se
He (Sloth) bigan Benedicite with a bolk,
It. Rascia-A kind of stuffe called silk Rash.
And his brest knokked, Ruso,- The stuff called sattine. Florio. See the And rared and rored, sled, or wheelbarrow, wherein travellers are carried
And rutte (routed) at the last. Quotation from Donne in v. Sleeve, infra. down certain steep and slippery places in Piedmont.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3269. Ramassed, in Hackluyt, is swept, heaped together ; RAT, v. To rat (in common use). To leave READ. in Sir R. G.–is carried down on a ramasse (probably when no longer safe to stay (as rats, a falling And thanne bad repentaunce ruth, a bush hurdle).
house); to quit or forsake the weaker for the And redde hem alle to knele. Volumen-indeed most antruly and unprofitablee ram
Piers flouhman's Vision, v. 3444. stronger party. assed and hurled together. - Hackluyt. To the Reculer.
He which that rade so
The Kinges meting (dream).
Chaucer. The Duchesse, v. 281. thynge.- The Pilgrymage of Syr R. Guylforde. Knyght, "rutting.”-Campbell. Lives of Chancellors. p. 80. Notes and Queries, v. iii. p. 347.
Thin eyen han seen that the Lord oure God dide to
Fathers, rate not your children, least they be of despe- thes two kyngis ; so he shal do to all these reumes (regus) tigued, exhausted, overspent; and suggests doubt- rate mynde.- Bible, 1549. Colos. c. ii.
to the whiche thow art to pussynge.- Wic. Deut. ini. 21.
The consul from calling and reclaiming his souldiers back were rediede (L.V, maad redi, prepararetur) to kyngis fro The sun, that bedward now his couch o'erhung.
fell to exhort and encourage. -Holland. Livius, p. 557. sunne risynge.--Id. Apoc. xvi. 12.
Cary. Dante. Purgatory, b. xvii. v. 8.
The preest shal recluse hym (L. V. close, recludet) seuen Whoso wol seker actes of sondry remes, (seditione) of Chore, whanne they rebelleden (rebellwerunt)
daies. - Wic. Lev. xiii. 5; also v. 50.
Theraftir if any of hem badde falle doun, he was kepte in
prisoun, withoute iren, reclosid (reclusus),
Wis. xvii. 15. Nought trow I, the triumph of Julius,
pride, for to distruye us, and oure wyues, and oure son ys. Of which that Lucan maketh swiche abost
Id, 1 Mac. iii. 20. RE-COMFORT.
Re-conforted hym in this manere.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3047. Theseus with alle joye and blis;
RE-COMPENSE. With his Ipolita, the fayre quene;
RE-BOUND. The Lat. Red-undare and Resonare And Emelie, yclothed all in grene;
God of oure fadris, whos vertue thou hast prechid, he felare in Wiclif rendered Reb-ound. See REDOUND, dere (yielder, giver) to thee this recompensacioun (L. Y. On hunting ben they ridden really.--Id. Ib. v. 1689. infra.
while, ricissitudinem) shal ziue, that thou rathere see the REAP, s. In Wiclif's Bible, the Lat. Manipulus, The blood of all that with thee weren in the hows, shal
deth of hem,- Wic. Judith vi. 17. is in the E. V. rendered Sheaf, qv. and in the L. V. rebound (L. 1. turne, redundabit) into our heed, if hem any
This is the day (the day of Judgment) that must reduce man towchith. - Wic. Josh. ii. 19.
those seeming inequalities, and respective distributions Messio. Reep. E. V. Rep-time; L. V. Heruest. And if I repe The azeen sounende rebounding of sound for the bezest
in this world, to an equality and recompensive justice in the (I) yaf hem reed that ropen hillis maden hem failende fro drede. (L. V. ether ecco
next.-Browne, Rel. Med. pt. i. 47. To seise to me with hir sikel sou nyng azen, resonans echo.)-Id. Wisd. xvii. 18.
REBUKE, v. See Piers Plouhman in v. Why. I was recouncelere (L. V. felawe, sequester) and media-
tour bitwixe God and you in that tyme.- Wic. Deut. v.5. ze han erid vnfeithfulnesse, ze han rope (E. V. repiden,
Piers Piouhman's l'ision, v. 7319. Forsoļhe not oonly, but and (also) we glorien in God, by messuistis), ze han ete the corn of leesyng. Wic, Hosea x. 18. REBULLITION. See REBOIL.
oure lord Jhesu Crist, by whom we hun receyued now re
concilyng, or according, (L. V. recounselyng, reconciliatio. Whanne thou repist corn in the feeld, and forgetist, and leeuest a repe (E.V. handful, manipulum), thou schalt not
Bible, 1549, attonement.)—Id. Rom. v. il. turne ajen to take it, but thou schalt suffre that a come- A change of government is judged a necessary measure RECORD. For Recordation, see the Quotation lyng, und fadirles, and modirles, and widewe take awei, to bring about his (Alcibiades) recalment.
from Smith in v. Reminiscence, infra. that thi Lord God blesse thee in al the werk of thin
Smith. Thucydides. Discourse, iii. p. 92. hondis.- Id. Deut. xxiv. 19.
Thre braunches thre zit dayes ben, after whiche Pharao RE-CAPITULATE, v.
shal record of thi seruyce (L.1'. haue mynde, recordabitur), Hir husbonde was Manasses, that died in the dayes of barli rip. (L. V. heruest, messis.)-Id. Jwith viii. 3.
Perlipomynon (Deuteronomy) is the boke of the olde in- and shal restore thee to the bifore had gree. strument, recapitulator (L.V.relersvur), word bregger, &c.
Wic. Gen. xl. 18. He (Manasses) stood bisili ouer men bin lynge togidere
Wic. Pref. Ep. p. 72. If ze goon out to batayle fro şoure loond asens the enerepis in the feeld. (E. V. shecues, manipulos.)-Id. lb.
A recapitulacioun of the wordes of Gabryel to our lady. myes that stryuen asens fow, fe shal crye with zollynge Ye lovers, that make (sc, verses) of sentiment
Lyfe of our Ladye, xvii. Caxton. trompes, and it shall be recordynge of 3ow (L. V. bithenkWell I wote, that ye han here beforne
RECCHE. See Reck, infra.
yng, recordatio) before the Lord jour God, that je ben Of Making-ropen and lad awaie the corne.
delyuerid fro the hondes of foure enemyes.- Id. Num. x. 9. Chaucer. Legend of Good Women, Prol. v. 74. RECEIVE.
Ther is a man fade, nedi of rekyuering. (E.V. rekuring, See REPARREL.
marcidus et egens recuperatione.) - Wic. Eccl. xi. 12. ignium receptacula.)- Hü. Er. xxxviii. 3. How long a day soever thou make that day in the grave, Victorie and worshipe shal purchace, that teneth ziftis;
Many rekyuerers (E. V. rekureres, M. V, healers, recuyet there is no day between that and the resurrection; then we shall all be invested, reapparelled, in our own
forsothe he taketh awei the soule of the resceyueres. (LV peratores) ben to a riche man disseyued.—Id. 16. xiii. 26. takeris, accipientium.)-Id. Prov. xxii. 9.
RE-CREMENT, s. bodies.-Donne. Devotions, p. 358.
'Tis not for those whom gelid skies embrace REAR She objected the recency of her kinswoman's death.
And chilling fogs: whose perspiration feels Befor the incomyng of the priue chaumbre (thei)
Smollett. Peregrine Pickle, v. iv. c. 13.
Such frequent bars from Eurus and the North; makende noise, for ende to reren hym (gratie ercitandi),
"Tis not for those to cultivate the skin that not of the rereres (ercitantium) but of the noise makeris
RE-CENTRE. To centre again, or restore to
Too soft, or teach the recremental fume Olofernes shulde waken (var.r, arere).- Wic. Judith xiv.9. the centre.
Too fast to crowd through such precarious ways. Thei waastyn folily hire goodis in wakyngs and pley
drmstrong. Art of Health, b. iii. Now I recentre my immortal mind ingis bi nizt, and in rere soperis, and othere vanites.
Their whole rection is by prepositions.
Ben Jonson. Gram. p. 81. RECESS. See RECEDE. Swiche dedes I dide write
RECUR, v. Generally — Return -as the If he his day breke
RE-CHANGE. I have mo manoirs thorugh rerages
RE-COURSE, s. I recourse of the seasons.- -BarThan thorougb ....-Piers Pivuhman's Vision, v. 2963. The rechaunge backward is ever hurtful, costly, and very
row, v. i, Ser. 8. chargeable.--Dr. Thos. Wilson. A Discourse rpon Usurie, REASON. Piers Plouhman writes Renable, for fo. 1172. 1572.
RED, adj. Reasonable. See in v. Renoun. In Chaucer (see
He shal comaunde to hym that is purised, that he offre in v. Great), Reason of a pricke is proportion
for hym silf two quyk sparows, whom it is leeful to eet, and Therfor Y sent messangeris to hem, and Y seide, Y
cedre tree, and flawme reed silk. (L.V. vermylyoun, cocco.) puncti ratio. See Quotation from Barrow, and in make a greet werk, and Y mai not go doun, lest perauen
Wic. Lev. xiv. 4. v. Moment, from Berkeley. See also Locke, in v. ture it be doon retchelessli (negligatur) whenne Y come and And whanne he seeth in the walles of it (the hows) as Reveal, infra. go doun to you, - Wic. 2 Esd. vi. 3.
litil valeys defourmed with paalnes or with reednes (ru
But natheles I recche not a bene. But aten the thre frendis of hym he dedeynede, forthi
bore), he shal goo out of the dore of the hows, and anoon that thei hadden not found a resounable (rationalem) an
Chaucer. Man of Lawes Prol. v. 4514. be shal close it seuen dayes.- Id. Ib. xiv. 37. swere, but only they shulden han condempned.
But wel rede I, that by no maner weie
Or of his paine.-I. Troylus anut Cressida, b. i. v. 496. But truly no force of (no need for) thy reddour names are equipollent among most writers) the Greeks
Ne that a monk, when he is rekheless,
To hyin that over hymnself hath maistrie. design it by the word nopos, logos, speech, than which scarce Is like to a fish that is waterless.-ld. The Prol. v. 179.
Chaucer. Bulade of the Village. any word in that tongue occurs more ambiguous.
Then cometh negligence or recchelesnesse, that recketh REDEEM.
Saynt Austyn sayth-Oure redemptour is comen and the REAVE.
And Pandarus, withouten rekening,
dereyuour is vanquyeshed. If he reveth me my right, Out went to Helen and Deiphobus (i. e, accounting for
The Golden Legend, fo. 16, c. 4. He robbeth me by maistrie.
1. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii, v. 1640.
For no wise inan had not leauer (malit potius) be exiled And such a sorowe he toke therfore, Haste thou spoiles to tac awey, heeze (hie) thou to refen
That he sat euer still, and thought,
poore and nedie, and numelesse, then ior to dwellen in his (pradari).- Wic. Is. viii. 3.
citée, and touren of richesse, and be redoutable of honour
As he which of no meate rought. For zee ful out iozen, and grete thinjus speken, reuendt
(honore reverendus), and strong of power. Gower. Conf. Am. 1. 8, fo. 177*.
Chaucer. Boccius, b. iv. pr. 5. awei myn eritage.- Id. Jer. 1. 11.
Baronins and Habertus, and our learned Bp. Taylor, She rofte hire selven to the herte,
rerkon he only dissembled and used this stratagem (uube- REDOUND, v. See REBOUND, supra. In MilAnd deide thorough the woundes gmerte,
lief) to avoid being ordained. Chaucer. House of Fame, b. i. v. 373.
ton, to remain over and above. Spoken of food not
Bingham. Antiq. of Christian Church, b. iv. c. 3. The mast to brake, the sayle to roofe,
transubstantiated. The ship upon the wawes droofe.
RE-CLAIM. (As applied to wild animals.) And what euer te schul demyn, in to zou it schal re-
doundyn (redundabit.)- Wic. 2 Par, xix, 6.
So down they sat
And to their viands fell, not seemiugly
The angel, nor in mist, the common gloss
Of theologians, but with keen despatch
and Medea, v. 1371. Of real hunger, and concoctive heate
REGAL, adj. Regere, i. e. Rcs-gerere, Re-gerere, RELIEVE.
Regere, Re-gessi, Reg-si, Reri. Div. of Purley, 2. And that deeth A-down broughte
Deeth shal releve.- Pers Plouhman's Vision, v, 12359. voice of theirs (the Macedonians). an, Regere; Go. Reiks, Rex; A. S. Reccere, regn,
Let there be widowers which you call releevers appointed
everywhere to the Church service. Codrington. Q. Curtius, p. 35. Rector.
Bp. Hall. An Apology against the Brownists, ( xix. RE-DRAW, v. To draw back or out again.
And sothely, levé suster myn (quod she);
RELIGION. A religion, not a service of God,
And sikerde to the regals of Athenes.
but an order of monkery: A religious, one devoted
Chaucer. Arcadne, v. 2128.
to such order. See Trench, Lec. 1. Coleridge,
Even the black princes' wo, tho’ of the most distinguished Bing. Lit. i. 308, revives the obsolete Religiosity, REDUCE, v. Also to repair, to redress, as to virtue and character, tho' an English woman and of the reduce a wrong.–Marlow, infra.
Blood Royal of England herself, was passed over, and her used by Wiclif.
son regented by his uncles. Prayeng to take this reducynge pacyently and submitting
Religiosite (religiositas) shal kepen, and justefien the Walpole. George II. v. i. p. 99. An. 1751.
herte; ful myrthe and ioze it shal jyue.- Wic. Ecc. i. 17. me to the amendyng of the reder and understonder. - The Boke of Tulle of old Age. The Prohemy. Caxton.
RELIQUARY. See RELICK.
He passing now
Lord Bacon is the first author who has attempted any Till they reduce the wrongs done to my father.
Southey. Don Roderick, $ xi.
style that can be relishable to the present age. Marlow. Jew of Malta, act i. RE-GERMINATE.
Orrery on Swift. Letter xix. REED.
Surely as man's health and strength are whole, Whether hopist thou in the reeden staf and broken, Egipt His appetites regerminate, his heart
RE-LODGE. To lodge again. (L. V. staf of rehed, in baculo erundines), upon which zif a Reopens, and his objects and desires
The spirit of the maid man lene to-broken it schal goon in to his hond, and thril- Shoot up renewed. - Taylor. P. Van Artevelde, pt. ii. Till in her mortal tenement relodged. len in it ?- Wic. 4 Kings xviii. 21. REGNE, i. e. Reign, qv. infra.
Southey. Madoc, pt. ii. $ 22 Whether a resshe may linen without humour? or a reeddi
No more be mention'd then of violence
Against ourselves, and wilful barrenness,
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14190. That cuts me off from hope, and favours only
Rancour and pride, impatience and despite,
Reluctance against God, and his just yoke REEF.
Laid on our necks.Milton. Par. L. b. x. v. 1044. REGULAR. The wynde was goode, the sea was pleyne, Hem needed not a riffe to slake
No certain end could ever be attained, unless the actions REME. See REALM.
whereby it is attained were regular; that is to say, made
canon, rule or law.-Hooker. Ecclesiastical Polity, b. i. 6 2. REEK. Reek is a general word for a steam or
REMENOUR, s. To explain, the meaning. Will hath the nature of a thing regulable and measurvapour; and Rooky, misty, a variation of dialect able.-Cudworth. Immutable Morality, b. i. c. iii.
REMENYNGE, S. for Reeky, ray. And see RACK.
In the secunde dai ben gaderid princis of meynes, and REHEARSE. See Wiclif, in v. Recapitulate, al the puple,
prestos, and Leniten, to Esdra, scribe, that REFER, v. supra.
he remene to them (L. V. erpoune, interpretaretur) woor
dis of the lawe.- Wic. 2 Esd. viii. 13; also 9. Cut from a crab his crooked claws, and hide
How foul art thou mad ful myche rehercende (iterans) thi The rest in earth, a scorpion thence will glide weies!- Wic. Jer. ii. 36.
The tothir he hongide in a gibite, that the sothnes of the And shoot his sting; his tail in circles toss'd
remener (L. V. ex pownere, conjectoris)
were proued. REIGN.
ld. Refers the limbs his backward father lost.
Gen. xl. 22, et aliter. Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xv. So that dispite now holdeth forth hire reine,
And whanne Gedeon had herde the sweven, and the reThrough hasty bileve of tales that men feine.
menyng of it (L. V. interpretyng, interpretationem), he RE-FLARE, v. Fr. Reflairer. To smell, vent,
The Black Knightes Tale, v. 510. heryed (the Lord). or wind again. Cotgrave.
Id. Judg. vii. 15; also Ecclus. xlvii. 18. REIL. See ROLL. The bird of Arabye,
REMIND. Locke uses To MIND, in this sense. Sweet of reflary.- Skelton. P. Sparrow, v. 524. REINS.
must here take the liberty to mind parents of this one My maiden Isabell
Thou, God, sekyng the hertis, and the reynes (ilia) schalt thing, viz. That he that will have a respect for him, and Reflaryng rosabell.-Id. Garlande of Love, v. 977 dresse a iust man.- Wic. Ps. vii. 10.
his orders, must himself have a great reverence for his son. RE-FLOW, v.
The precarious empiricism of judging diseases by the Maxima debetur pueris reverentia. renal secretions without sight of the patient.
Locke. On Education, 6 lxxi. The wasteful sea,
REMINISCENCE. Whose billows beating the resistless banks,
Hallam. Literature of Europe, v. i. p. 638. Shall overflow it with their refluence.
They have much troubled themselves and confounded
others, in finding out another receptacle of the intelligible REFRAIN. angels must not want their charitable rejoices for the con
species, which they call reminiscency or recordation. Well could she sing and lastily, version of lost sinners.
Smith. On Old Age, p. 45. None halfe so well and seemily,
Browne. Christian Morals, pt. i. $ 6. REMIT.
Til I come to hise acountes,
To have a relees and remission, For ener sobbings and complaints be ready refret in his supra.
On that rental I live.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3976. meditacions.- Id. Test. of Loue, b. 3.
REMNANT. See REMAIN.
When now the multitude beheld their king,
REMORD, v. Remorse, in Othello, is, Mr. Nares
thinks-a point of conscience. It is rather, an RE-FREID. Fr. Refroider. To cool.
anxiety continually preying upon —his constant He let it nought refreide.
The mortal put off immortality. Rising
care. In Measure for Measure, it is anxious care ; Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. v. 1343. Rejuvenescent he (George III.) stood in a glorified body, commiseration.
Let him command-
And to obey shall be in me remorse,
Southey. Vision of Judgment, $ vii.
What bloody businesse ever. freischyng (refrigerium), and thei nolden here.
Shakespeare. Othello, act iii. x. 3. This second thought (of an injury done to us) introduces Isab. But might you doe't, and do the world no wrong. coling (refrigerandi), in 2 Mac. iv. 46.
a feeling of resentment, not by the law of suggestion, but If so your heart were touch'd with that remorse REFT. See RIFT.
by the law which relates an object, whether present or As mine is for him!
Id. Measure for Measure, act ii. sc. 2. RE-FUSION. See REFUND.
Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. i. e. 3.
RENABLE. See REASONABLE.
So mighty sages tell schulen take hym fro the place of refuyt. (E. V. out
The Arabian Phenix, when five hundred years fieynge, effugi.) - Wic. Deut. xix. 12. Relentment ceased,
Have well nigh circled, dies, and springs forth with A stoon is refutt (refugium) to irehouns. And custom whets again the rasted knife.
Renascent.--Cary. Dante. Hell, c. xxiv, v. 106. Id. Ps. ciii, 18.
Taylor. Iph, in Tauris.
For though a cristen man coveited
His cristendom to rencye,
Rightfully to reneye
-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v, 6828. Of al myschyef refute, and remedy.
Lordship, and leese the relykes (reliquias) of the citee. And (he may) as a reneyed caytif
Wic. Num. xxiv. 19. Recchelessly renne about.-Id. ib. v. 6237.
I may no lenger wake.
Id. Marchantes Tale, v. 9729.
Our hearts will be so resty, or listless, that hardly we
shall be induced to perform it (devotion) when it is most the feelde schal al to-rende (scindet) hem.
The nexte thing that I requere of thee
necessary or useful for us.-- Barrow, v. i. ser. 6, p. 71. Thou shalt it do, if it be in thy might.
Who bid brute matter's restire lump assume
Chaucer. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6592.
Such various forms, and gave it wings to fly.
Young. Night Thoughts, b. ix. v. 1468.
RESTIVE. See Rest.
wayes.-Schole of Cyrus.Boke 5th. By Wm. Bercher. RESULT, s. See a peculiar usage by Swift, And thou scbalt renule (E. V. renew, renovabis) the face
RERE. See REAR. of the erthe.- Wic. Ps. ciii. 30.
As the Fr. Resultat ; an issue or success.
Also a And so we comanndiden to hem, that thei cumen also to
resolution taken, or agreement made, upon a conferfou and grete jou, and feelde to you our pistlis of renulyng
Abone the bodi, and aboue the hed of hem, backis or ence, &c.; the fruit, or that which comes thereof. (de innovatione) of oure bretherhed.-Id. 1 Mac. xii. 17.
reremijse and swalewes fleezen.- Wic. Baruch vi. 21. Cotgrave.
I have been often amazed at the rude, passionate, and
mistaken results, which have at certain times fallen from RENNE. See Run.
Hark! from the towers of Aztlan, how the shouts great assemblies, both antient and modern, and of other
Swift. Contests, &c. at Athens, &c. c. 5. renay or deny the suit led, having a card of that
In their (a body of commons) results, we have sometimes suit in hand.
For ze ben our bretheren, as the rescrite or writing (re- found the same spirit of cruelty and revenge, of malice and Load. May my partner renounce with the game in his scriptum) conteneth, that is underput.- Wic. 1 Mac. xii. 7. pride, the same blindness and obstinacy and unsteadiness, hand.-Foote. The Minor, A. i.
the same ongovernable rage and anger, the same injus
RESENT, v. See Barrow, in v. Supervive, infra. tice, sophistry and fraud, that ever lodged in the breast of
any individual.-ld. 16. c. 4.
mineral treasures of his own territories, and the practical RE-SUPPLY, v. To supply again.
discoveries of them by way of my philosophical theory;
Fast they fell,
And fast were resupplied, man after man
Succeeding to the death.-Svuthey. Madoc, pt. ii. $ 15.
How much more should we resent such a testimony of
It was the policy of these kings to make them all (clergy God's favour (than that of an earthly prince); how wor
and nobility) of their own livery or retaindership. RENT. ? See Piers Plouhman, in v. Remit,
N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, pt. ii. c. 31, p. 245. thily may our souls be transported with a sense of such RENTAL. S supra.
affection.-Barrow, v. iii. ser. 43, p. 500, folio; and again, RETCH.
v. i. ser. 9, p. 114.
Whether half partie falle fro us, thei shulen not retche
sible that we could have any general concern for society, (L. V. recke, curabunt), for thou oone for ten thousandis or any disinterested resentment of the welfare or injury of
ert countyd. (L. V. reknyd.)- Wic. 2 Kings xviii. 3. REPAIR, v. others.--Hume. Principles of Morals, sec. V. p. 2.
A wys man shal be stille ynto tyme: the reccheles (L. V.
ioli, lascivus) forsothe and the vnprudent shal not kepe (Chese now) wol ye han me yonge and faire,
time.-ld. Ecc. xx. 7.
RETHOR. See RHETOR.
Our resignation to the will of God may be said to be per
fect, when our will is lost and resolved up into his; when
Nor made they any faire retreat. Hector's unruly horse right, and good.-Butler. Sermon 14.
Would needs retire him.-Chapman. Hom. II. b. 16. Citees schulen be enhabitid, and ruynous thingis schulen be reparelid. (L. V. instorid, reparabuntur.)
RETREAT. The old It. Ritrarro, is also to
Sodeynli fel Babilon, and is to brosid ; zelleth vpon yt,
draw, sc. a portrait, and Ritratto, the portrait taketh recyne gumme to his sorewe, if parauenture he be
the similitude, the look or aspect. See the two first
quotations from Spenser, in the Dictionary.
The Sarazyns retrayed into the seconde fortresse.
Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 509.
A pestilentiall aire seizeth on bodies more open and RETRIEVE, u.
Paradise is set open,
and immortality retrieved. Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iii. c. 4.
Barrow, v. iii. ser. 43, p. 502. I am repleet (L. V. fillid, repletus sum) with the thingis takun of Epafrodite.“ Wic. Phil. iv. 18.
RETRO-SPECT. An English compound
RETRO-SPECTION. (comparatively modern) of
RETRO-SPECTIVE. the Lat. Retro, backwards,
and spectum, past part. of specere, to look. RetroI me reporte (refer) to Salomon the wise :
For ther is not respit to the deth of hem. (L. V. bihold-spiciens is used by Vitruvius.
A look or view back upon things past; reflection.
As you arraign his majesty by retrospect, so you condema To all countries about hym reporte (i. e. refer) me
Mine hert hath, for to amende it, grete delite.
his government by second sight.-Addison. Freeholder. I dare.--Skelton, i. 111.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. 5, v. 137.
Can you take delight in viewing
This poor isle's approaching ruin,
When thy retrospection vast
Sees the glorious ages past?
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.
Suift. To Janus. On New Year's Day. defameth ažen us the synnes of our disciplyne.
In vain the sage, with retrospective eye,
Would from the apparent What conclude the Why,
Pope. Moral Essays, Ess, 1.
The Golden Legend, fo. 9, c. 3.
Retrospects, with bad reckoners, are troublesome things. cause abandoned to vice. Whan he shal make the purgació of the world-he sha!
Warburton. Remarks on Occasional Reflections, Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the Lord bryghtnes.-Id. fo. 3, col. 1. departe the hete of the fyre fro the resplendour and
pt. ii. rem. 13.
Sense on the present only feeds; the soul
On past, and future, forages for joy.
'Tis hers by retrospect, through time to range;
And forward time's great sequel to survey.
Young. The Complaint, Night 8.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 850.
Where shall we seek relief!
Where ease th' oppressive anguish of the mind,
When Retrospection glows with conscioos shame,
Wic. Wis. xvii. 14.
In sequester'd bow'rs
The pow'r of Art resides ; Reflection firm,
Hem to refresh and drinken if hem lest.
And vagrant Fancy at her sov'reign nod bowiden awey in veyn fro a iust man.-Id. Is. xxix. 21.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2623. Attendant wait: behind, th' ideal train
ROI of Memory, with retrospective eye,
To travel; to make a military circuit. From Dut. the shell.” Also“ the Ryme or Skin of the KidSupports her throne, whilst Contemplation guides Reysen; Ger. Reisen, proficisci, proficisci in bellum. neys.'
See RIM, supra. Her trophied car.-Id. 10.
See Kilian and Wachter. And see REISE, supra. And the galle is worth to ejen to be enointed, in the RETURN.
whiche were rime. (L. V. a web, albugo.)
RHEUM. Retourning in hir soule, aie op and doun,
Wic. Tobit vi. 9; also xi. 14.
Jacob takynge green popil zerdis, and of almanders, and
of planes, a fearti unriendide hem, and riendis (docorticarit, REVEAL. See AVALE.
corticibus) (being) drawen awey, thilke that were pilde Thoruh which studye and fervent labour thou art gretly
Thise olde gentil Bretons, in hir dayes ;
semede whytnes. - Wic. Gen. xxx. 37. oppressed and reualyd in thy spyritys.
Of diverse aventures maden layes
Chaucer. Frankeleines Prol. v. 11023. And religiouse reverenced hym, courageous hertys whiche til now were accustomyd to be
And rongen hir belles. ferme and stedfast.-Id. Ib. b. 82. RIB. See Piers Plouhman in v. Rout, infra.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14043. To this gonernaúce of your comyn profyte reualyd and
Lo! I make a word in Israel, which word whoever schal brought to nought came many new yong maistres ygnorant
here, both his eeris schulen tynge. (E. V. tyncler, tinniand unkonnyng of the lawys.-Id. 16. c. 32.
Robyn the ribaudor
ent.) - Wic. 1 Kings iii. 11. They (certain letters and syllables) will certainly reveal For hise rusty wordes.
RING-STRAKED. See STREAK, infra.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3941. into a full receipt of the opus magnum. Swift. A further Digression. Tale of a Tub. RIBAND, 8.
RIP or REP, i. e. one of no reputation. Swift. Reason is natural revelation, whereby the eternal Fa- Golden ribanes (L. V. ourenements, murenulas) we shol See DEMIREP. ther of light, and fountain of all knowledge, communicates make to thee, mad fjr red with siluer (vermiculatas ar. to mankind that portion of truth, which he has laid within
RIPE. the reach of their natural faculties. Revelation is natural gento).- Wic. Song of Solomon, i. 10. Reason enlarged by a new set of discoveries communicated
Send ze sykelis, for the corn hath rypid. (L. V. ripe by God immediately, which reason rouches the truth of,
corn wezid, maturavit.)
- Wic. Joel iii. 13. by the testimony and proofs it gives, that they come from The Lord makith pore and richeth.– Wic. 1 Kings ii. 7.
RISE. God.-Locke on Human Understanding, b. iv. c. 19, $ 4.
I roos whan thei were &-reste, REVERBERATE, u. See quotation from Boyle If fyer goon ont fynde ecres and cacche rekes of corn And riflede hire males. in Dictionary. To beat back or reflect down the (L. V. heepis, acervos), or the corn stondynge in feeldis, he
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2939. heat of the furnace on the metal to be fused.
shal zeeld 'the harm, that tyndeth the fer.
Wic. Er. xxii. 6.
RISH. See Rush. A reverberatory furnace (Boyle) is one, in which
RIDDLE, v. the heat or flame is reverberated or beaten down on
RIVAL. See Quotation from Wiclif, in v. Orir, And she had on a suckeny (a loose frock), the substance fusing, before it ascends the chimney; Lord, it was riddeled fetishly.
supra. and hence-To reverberate, is——to fuse intensely.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1235. RIVE, 0. Some of our chymists facetiously affirm, that at the last The white rokette riddeled faire,
So mov'd she on, against the current up fire all shall be chrystallized and reverberated into glass, Betokeneth, that full debonaire
The verdant rivage. which is the utmost action of that element, And swete was she that it bere.-Id. 16. v. 1243.
Cary. Dante. Purgatory, b. xxix. v. 7.
My ryuelis (L. V. ryuelyngis, ruga) seien witnesse afen
me, and the false seier is rered vp azen my face.
Or runneth to pleye.—Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 339. That han in winter dedde yben and drie,
Wic. Job xvi. 9. Revesten hem in grene whan that Maie is.
And the Egipciens pursuynge, feden yn after hem, al the
his ryders (L. V. knyztis, equites) bi the myddil of the see. REVIE, v.
with them on rivers. To ride fro Rivere, is to ride
Wic. Ex. xiv. 23. from hawking at water fowl. Tyrwhitt.
He coude hunte at the wild dere,
Chaucer. The Cokes Tale, v. 4375.
And ride on hawking fro the riuere
With grey goshauk on honde.
Chaucer. Sire Thopas, v. 13665.
And so befell it that this King Artour,
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2568. by a judicious recommendation. Write a book, and I will
Had in his hous a lusty bacheler be your reviewer,
RIF. ) Cot. Il ne lui lairra rif ny raf. He
That on a day came riding fro river.
Id. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6468. This reviewal (of Cowper's Poems in the Critical Review) Quotation from Robert of Brunne, in Dictionary.
They rivered their falcons, is one of those defunct criticisms which deserve to be dis
And took cranes and herons. interred and gibbeted for the sake of example.
Guy of Warwick. Ellis, v. ii. p. 37.
Mar. He must with all speed send me
Another suit of horses, and by all means
Ten cast of hackes for the river.
Beaumont and Fletcher. Woman's Prize, act iii. sc. 4.
ROAR, v. REVINCE, v.
And thou shalt profecien to them alle these wrdos, and The opinion of Copernicus, touching the rotation of the
sei to them, The Lord fro an hiç shal rore (rugict), and fro earth (which now is maintain'd), because it is not repug.
Othere sons of Jacob felden in on the slayn men and his holli dwelling place shal yae his vois; rorende he shal nant to the phænomena, cannot be revinced by astronomi- rifeliden (depopulati sunt. E. V. distruyden) the citee for roren vp on his fairenesse.- Wic. Jer. xxv. 30. call principles, yet by the principles of naturall philosophy, the veniaunce of defoulyng of a virgyn.
Wic. Gen. xxxiv. 27.
ROAST. truly applied, it may. Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 1. RIGBACK.
The whiche thingas whan he hadde do he rostide (assa. REVOLVE. Loth gon out to hem bihynde the rigge (L. V. bac, ter- vit) his flesh, and beren with hem on the weie.
Wic. Tobit vi. 6. Soch men woulden their iyen of their conscience revolven. gum), and tyndynge to (L. V. closid) the dore; seith.
Wic. Gen. xix. 6.
(She) wept full tenderlie upon his face: REW. See Row and RUE.
And in hire armes gan him to embrace;
And him she roggeth, and aweketh soft.
Chaucer. Hypermnestra, v. 2709.
Wic. Luke iii. 4. Feruent and gnastende he soupeth the erthe: and re
The shaft I drowe out of the arowe
And be the shynyng of the lord our God vp on us; and warde he not (L. V.arettith not, non reputat) to the trumpe the werkis of our hondis riftforth reule (dirige. L. V.
Roking for wo.-Id. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1906. sounende trumping.-- Wic. Job xxxix. 24. dresse).-Id. Ps. lxxxix. 17.
ROCKET. For vertue is neyther uncurtoyse ne rewardlees, ne
I shall sustain my ladies wrath, which I hane deseraen, proude.—Tullius de Amicitia, b. 7. Wurcestre, Erle of.
The which (Thamar), the clothis of widewhed don down, long as my Margarite hath rightwised my cause.
toke to a roket (theristrum).- Wic. Gen. xxxviii. 14. RE-WIND, v.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.
So fewe there bee,
Rae venison ybake in paste.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7050.
ROFE. See RIVE. roundels. Dances in a Dutch style. Tyrwhitt.
Then with a fewe to walke the rightest way.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 10, 10. There sawe I famous, old and yong,
ROGG, v. i. e. to rock, (qv. supra,) or shake. Piperes of allè the Duche tong,
RIGOUR. See RIGID. To lernen love daunces, springes,
ROIGNE. See ROYNE.
RIME. Add-after I. 3.
That his friends should believe it, was what roiled him REYSED. Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, Prol. p. early involucre of the seed in the matrix, “ a Ryme (Judge Jeffreys) exceedingly. 54, In Lettowe had he reysed. Mr. Tyrwhitt says, or Caul:" " A thyn ryme, as of a tender egge under
North's Life of North, v. ii. p. 167. 90