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ROKET. See Rock.

sum (only a different application of the same word), RUDE. See CRUDE, supra. ROLL.

it occurs to him, that it may be formed from the Sothely no man sendith ynne a medlynge (patteth a piece) And sithen Reson rolle it (enrol, qv.)

verb Rinna (Go. and A. S. Rinnan), to run, to flow. of rudee or newe clothe (rudis panni, L. v. boystous) in to In the registre of hevene. Rund did not exist in A. S. They used Hwæl, rota,

an olde clothe.— Wic. Mat. ix. 16; also Mark ii. 21. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3025. On hwol, or hweol.

Air. For man and wife to quarrel before folks is rather

rudish, I own.-Foote. The Cozeners, act iii. sc. 2. ROMBLE. See RUMBLE. Thre cuppis as in the maner of a note (nut) bi ech zerde,

RUDIMENT. and litle rundelis. (E. V. balls, sphærulas.) RONDEAU.

Wic. Es. xxv. 33.

They discarded the barbarous school book then in use, Uncautious Arcite thought himself alone,

He shal patten him out fro lizt in to dercnessis, and fro

(and) put the rudimentary study of the languages on a And less than all suspected Palamon, the roundness overbern hym. (L. V. bere him over fro the

better footing. Who list'ning heard him, while he search'd the grove, world, de orbe.)-Id. Job xviii. 18.

Hallam. Lit. of the Middle Ages, Cent. XVI. ch. i. And loudly sung his roundelny of love.

Roundnesse of erthis (orbis terrarum).-ld. Wis. vii. 17. RUE.
Dryden. The Knight's Tale, b. ii.
If that thoa

My mercy forsothe shal not gon awei fro thee, and the
Throwe in & water now & stone,
RONE. See Rain.
Wel woste thon it will make anone

bond of my pes shal not be moued, seide the Lord, my

reewer. (L. V. merciful doere, miserator.) A litel roundel as a cercle. ROOF. See REAVE.

Wic. ls. liv. 10. Chaucer. House of Fame, b. ii. v. 283.

Wo worth the beaute that is routhelesse. ROOK, v.

A door opening out of our garden will sare the roundabout by the town.- Cowper to Lady Hesketh, April 17, 1786.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. v. 346. Think it enough and too much to let them rook you ont

RUGGY. of your money, for pretended pardons, and counterfeit

ROUND, Rown.

With obsecraciouns (L.V. biseechinges) spekith the pore reli. ks; but let not the authority of any priest or church persuade you out of your senses. — Tillotson. Ser. xxxvi. Me list not to whispre neither roune.

man, and a riche man shal speke out rugguli. (L.V.sterneli, F. i. p. 245. On Transubstantiation.

Lidgate. Thebes. rigide.) Wic. Prov. xviii. 23.

The rownende grucchere shal defoule his soule (L. V. RUIN. ROOM. a privy backbiter, susurro), and in alle thingus shal ben

Y shal make citees for to be enhabitid, and shal repareyle And he brought me out into roometh (M. V. a large hatyd.-Wic. Eccl. xxi. 31.

ruynous thingis.- Wic. Ezek. XXXVI. 33. place) and delyuered me, because he delyghted me (in And euer all the houses angles

Hell saw me). - Bible, 1549. 2 Kings v. 22.

Is ful of rownings and of iangles.

Hear'n ruining from hear'n, and would have fed We hoysed our saile, and bare roomer with the said

Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. v. 870.

Affrighted.- Milton. Par. L. b. viii. v. 868. shoare, looking for present death.

ROUST, Hackluyt, v. i. M. A. Jenkinson (in the Caspian).

v. i. e. Rowest.

Why roust (abis) away so wyde?

Phaer. Virgil, b r. fo. 113. RUMBLE, i. e. noisy report, rumour-in second ROSCID. See RORAL.

ROUST, i. e. Roost

Quotation from Chaucer.

In which (trees) ther ran a romble and a swough, ROSE. ROUT. ROTHER.

As though a storme shuld bresten every bough. Valerian said: Two corones had we, Foure rotheren hym byforne

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1981.
Snow-white and rose-red, that shinen clere.
That feble were worthi ;

O stormy peple! unsad and ever untrewe,
Chaucer. The Second Nonnes Tale, v. 15722. Men myghte reknen ich a ryb,

And undiscrete, and changing as a fane,
Ros'd all in lively crimson are thy cheeks.

Bo rentful they weren.- Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 857. Delighting evere in rombel that is newe.
G. Fletcher. Christ's Victory and Triumph. Who gedereth in rep is a wis sone; who forsothe routeth

Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8872.

RUN. There are also to be found in this age (latter end of the (L. V. slepith, stertit) in somer is the sone of confusioun. tenth century) manifest indications of the institution of

Wic. Prov. X. 5. And I shal torne awey my face fro hem, and thei shulen the rosary and crown of the Virgin, by which her wor- Peter! (the sound is) lyke the beting of the sea defoule my priue thing (arcanum): and foule men or renners shippers were to reckon the number of prayers, that they (Quod I) against the rockes halow

(L. V. harlotis, emissarii) shulen entre into it and shulen were to offer to this new divinity.

When tempestes done hire shippes swalow,

defoule it. -- Wic. Ez, vii. 22.
Macluine. Mosheim, Cent. x. pt. ii. c. 4. And that a man stande, out of doute,
A myle off thens, and here it route.

RUNAGATE and Renegates. See RENEGATE in
Chaucer. House of Fame, b. ii. P.


v. Renay. A diligent womman is a coroan to hir hosebond; and rot is in the boonys of that womman that doith thingis worthi


The Carthaginians shall restore and deliver back all of confusioun. (E. V. stinc, putredo.)— Wic. Prov. xii. 4. In tbat lond, no Cristen dorste route (assemble),

renegates ( perfugas) and fugitives that have fled to their Rotenesse (tnbitudo) forsothe and deth stonden on in the All Cristen folk ben fled fro that contree.

side from us. -Holland. Livy, p. 751. hestes of hym.-ld. Eccl. xxviii. 7.

Id. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4960.

Wel bet is roten appel out of hord,
Than that it rote alle the remenannt.


He outreached the whole city by this cunning ruse Chaucer. The Cokes Tale, v. 4404.

(callido commento).–Turnbull. Justin, b. xxi. c. 3. ROW.


(Ressh, or Risshe.) Lat. Rota ; Ger. Rad; a wheel. Commande to back and hewe Lat. Rotatio, the motion of a wheel. Vossius de- The okes old, and lay hem on a row.

And yet yeve ye me nevere

The worth of a risshe.

Chaucer. rives from the Gr. 'Pobuv, which is the Ger, Rad-en;

The Knightes Tale, v. 2868.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2422. A. S. Hrad-ian; to be borne along swiftly: for the ROWNE. See ROUND, ROUNE, supra.

He toke a ionket of resshen, and glewide it with glewwheels (Wachter) are as it were the feet, by which

ishe cley, and with picche, und put the litil faunt within.

(L. V. a leepe of segge, fiscellam scirpeam.). the carriage, podéi, that is, runs along, or is moved. ROYAL.

Wic. Ex. ii. 3; also 5. See RIDE and RATHE.

The Parliament, by Stat. (35 Henry VIII.) annexed it And rayn came doun, and flodis camen, and wyndis

to the Crown of England, for euer now made triple by the blewen and rusheden (irruerunt) into that hous; and it ROTE. royallizing of that of Ireland amongst the rest.

felle nat down, for it was founded on a stoon. (He) can nought wel reden N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, pt. ii. c. 26, p. 213.

Id. Mac. vii. 25. His rewel (rule) ne his respondes,

My britheren passiden me, as a stronde (tortens) doith, But be pure rote.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 752.


that passith ruschyngli in grete valeis. (E. V. ræethROTE. See Root and Ror.

Robin. I suppose the malicious mother has contrived to melum. See Meal term: raptim.)-Id. Job vi. 15. throw some confounded rub in the way.

RUST. Rusty wordes. ROTUND.

Foote. The Bankrupt, A. i.


Plouhman, supra.


Ne trow thou to thin enemy unto withonte ende: forThe periodical feculency and rubricity of the Nile hap- sothe as bras rusteth (@ruginat) the shrewdenesse of hym. (He sees) the wool come out in rovings ready for spinning pen in July and October.

Wic. Eccl. xii. 10. into threads.- Paley. Natural Theology, ch. vi.

Geddes. Critical Remarks, p. 183. Ez. ch. vii.

Why dost thon suffer rustful sloth to creep,

Duli Cyprian lad, into thy wanton brows?

Is this a time to pay thine idle vows
He that first was goon out was brown, and al in maner
A wreth of gold-ful of stones bright,

At Morpheus shrine!-Quarles, b. i. Emblem 7. of a skyn rows; and the name of hym was clepyd Esau (his

Of fine rubins and of diamants. pidus). - Wic. Gen. xxv. 25.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2149.


The places ought before the application of these topicke In rotey tyme (rutting). medicines be well prepared with the razour, and a sing

Pers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7250. Of Dyomedes stable,

pisme or rubicntire made of mustard seed, until the place He brought out a rabble

look red.-Holland. Plinie, b. xxix. c. 6.
Of coursers and rounces,
With leapes and bounces.
Skelton. Ph. Sparrow, v. 1314.
RUD. Rode, s. and Rud, s. are applied to the

complexion. Skinner. Red-rudd, perhaps a Red
ROUND. Fr. Ronde; It. and Sp. Ronda, or or blushing face. Rud-red-the same.

SABBATH, s. Round; Sp. Rondar, to go round; Fr. Rond; D. Thanne he sente, and brouzte hym forthe; forsothe he For to (til) the lond wolde do benigneli ther sabatis, al Rond; Dan. Ger. and Sw. Rund. Wachter, and all (Dauid) was roli (rufus) and fayr' in sist, and sembli in the time of ther forsaking he sabatisede (sabbatizavit) in the whom he had consulted, from the Lat. Rotundus. face.- Wic. 1 Kings xvi. 12.

apliyng of seuenti jer.- Wic. 3 Esd. i. 58. See ROTUND and ROTATION, supra. Ihre coincides in

His (Absolon's) rode was red : his eyen grey as goos,

SACK, s.
With Poules windowes corven on his shoes.

The name of a wine in great repute this, but in explaining Rund, large, liberal, as a round

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3317. in the days of Sir John Falstaff. Mr. Nares calls


SAV it, A Spanish wine of the dry or rough kind, Vin SAKE, v. 7 Dan. Sag; Sw. Sak; D. Saecka ; SAMPLE. sec, Fr. Sac. Ger. It may be added that the Lat. SAKELESS. Ger. Sache ; A. S. Sac; Causa, occa- And by this saumple (E. V. ersaumple, etemplo) alle the Saccare, is to strain through a sack or bag: and in sio; also Lis; from the A. S. Sec-an; Ger. Suchen, wyues of prynces of Persis and of Medeis schulen dispise

the comaundementis of hosebondis.- Wic. Esth, i. 18. Low Lat. saccare is per saccum colare et exprimere, to seek. See Skinner and Wachter. and saccarum, liquor aquæ fæce vini admixtus, sacco That which, or for, or on account of which we SANATIVE. See SANE. Sanatory, or as not expressus. Du Cange. The suggestion of Skinner, seek; the cause of seeking; the cause, occasion, end uncommonly written, Sanitary, are words that have that it is wine from Xeque in Africa, is not noticed or purpose. Also, in forensic usage,

been for some time in common use. As-A Sanaby Nares. And see the Commentators on Shake- A suit or prosecution; an accusation; and hence tory Commission, a Sanitary Report, a Commission speare, Henry IV. Drake's Shakespeare and his -censure, blame; and the old adjective Sakeless to inquire into, or report of the state of, the health T'imes, v. ii. p. 130. And also Nares's Gloss. is blameless. Thus, in Gascoigne," the simple (of the people). If sacke and sugar bee a fault, Heaven helpe the wicked. sakeles man,” is, “ the simple blameless or innocent

Shakespeare. Henry IV. Pt. 1, act ii. sc. 4.

The veyle forsothe be it sett yn bi cercles, with ynne the SACRE.

Alas the day and tyme that evir I was yeur make, whiche thou shalt put the arke of testymonye, and with the

Much have I endured this too yere for yeur sake! This is the lawe of the brent sacrifice, and of sacrifice

which the seyntuarie, and the seyntuarye of the seyntuarie

Poem imputed to Chaucer. The Merchant's for synne, and for trespas, and for the sacryng. (L. V.

sholen be dyuyded (sanctuarii sanctuaria). Second Tale.

Wic. Er. xxvi. 33. halewing, pro consecratione.)- Wic. Lev. vii. 37.

Lo thns she cride, and thus she praide,

SAND. Witen ze not, for thei that wirchen in the sacrarie, that

Till at last & voyce hir saide, is, a place where hooly thingis ben kept (sacrario), eten

That if she wolde for his sake

This yerde was large, and railed at the alies, tho thingis that ben of the sacrarie.-d. i Rom. ix. 13.

And shadowed wel, with blosory bowes grene,
The maladie suffre and take

And benched new, and sonded all the wales.

And die hir selfe, he shulde live.
Gower. Conf. Am. b. vii.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. i. v. 117.
He cannot spoile the simple sakeles man,

SANGUINE. Which is content to feed him with his breed. (Austyn) hymself ordeyned

And thes ben the thinzis that že shulen take, gold, and

Gascoigne. Woodmanship. siluer, and brasse, and iasynct, that is, silk of violent blew, To sadde us in bileue.

I for his sake will leave
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6100.

and purpur, that is, sangreyn silk.- Wic. Ex. xxv. 4.

Thy bosom, and this glorie next to thee And wo was withalle,

His smile (Judge Jeffreys) being construed into a siga Freely put off, and for him lastly dye.

that he was about “to breathe death like a destroying That I ne had slepte sadder.-Id. Ib. v. 2479.

Milton. Par. L. b. iii. angel, and to sanguine his very ermine in blood.". And his rist hond takun, he, Peter, lifte him vp; and For thy sake we are kylled all the daye longe, and are Wool. p. 200, in Campbell's Chancellors, v. üi. p. 544. anoon the groundis, and plauntis or solis (legs and feet) of

counted as shepe apoynted to be slayne. him ben saddid to gidere (L. V. sowdid, consolidate sunt),

Although the waves of all the northern ses

Bible, 15-19. Psalm xliv. 22. Should flow for ever through these guilty hands, and he lipping stood, and wandride.- Wic. Deeds iii. 7.

Yet the sanguinolent stain would extant be. Like a wise, discreet, and circumspect prelate, ye should SALIENCE. See SALLY.

Marston. The Insatiate Countess. haue examined (as other since) such sad and credible per


SALLOW. sons as were present at her (the Maid of Kent's) trances

7 Fr. Sale. Le gris sale. A and diffigurings, &c.

SALLOWNESS. S dark or dusky gray. Ger. Sal.

Then God's heavy hand shall press the sanies out from Cromwell to Fisher Burnet. Records, v. i. N. 124.

all our sins and pour them into one chalice. More eath to number with how many eyes Sordidus, spurcus; and also, fuscus. See Wachter.

Bp. Taylor. Christ's Advent to Judgment, Ser. 2. High heaven beholds sad (constant) louers theneries. A sallow complexion is (perhaps) a complexion

SAP, v. (to undermine). It. Zappare, to dig, to Spenser. Faerie (huene, b. iii. c. 11, v, 45. tarnished or sullied by sickness; yellowish. This sadded the English, and made them drive heavily. And ze schulen take to zou in the firste day salewis

delve the ground, to sap. Zappa, a mattock to dig or N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, c. lxiv. P. 209. (E. V, withies, salices) of the rennyng streem, and je

delve with, a sappe. Florio. Sp. Zapa, a hoe for The sadded air hung all in cheerless black. schulen be glad hifor zoure Lord zhoure God.

a garden. Zapar, to hoe in a garden: in a martial G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph over Death.

Wic. Lev. xxiii. 40.

sense, to sap, that is, to dig a deep trench, descend.

Faded was all her beauteSADDLE, v.

Full salow was waxen her colour,

ing by steps to get into the enemy's works, for fear

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose of their mines. Delpine. Menage derives from Bomonours sholde be sadeled, And serven hem.-Purs Plouhman's Vision, v. 1222. Jesu Maria, what a deale of brine

okaon, a ditch, oranT-ELV, to dig.

Hath washt thy sallow cheekes for Rosaline.

Shakespeare. Romeo and Juliet, act ii. sc. 3.

Pale dropsy, with a sallow face,

SAPPHIRE. See Quotation from Job in v. SarAnd lordly gout, wrapt up in fur. That eeten voluptuously dieden in weies; that weren

Swift. Panegyric on the Dean.

donyx. nurschid in faire clois of saffroun (croceis) han clippid A fish-diet would give soch a sallowness to the celebrated SARCLING. In Wiclif, Bible, 1 Kings xiii. 20, thustus (stercora).- Wic. Jer. Lam. ir. 5.

beauties of this island, as would scarce make them dis-
tinguishable from those of France.-Addison.

a Sarp, or purging hook. Also Is. vii. 23. (Lat. SAGE. Written by Chaucer, Save and Savige. Hence the lean gloom, that melancholy wears :

And eke, sve
The lover's paleness; and the sallow hue

They dronken; for they wold hir lives have.
Of envy.--Armstrong. Art of Health, b. iv,

It (Wisdam) shal not be comparisound to the steyned
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2715. That heau'nly voice I more delight to hear

coloures of Ynde, ne to the most precious sardonyk ston The savige and the yssope


hiving bees that fly, id. "Pardonere and Tapstere, v. 292.

(sardonycho) or safyr (saphiro).- Wic. Job xxviii. 16. About the laughing blossoms of sallowy, Rocking asleep the idle grooms that lazy ly,

SARGE. See Say, s. infra. SAGINATE, adj. Fat, fattened. Lat. Saginare, Gües Fletcher. Christ's Triumph over Death, st. 2. SARK. to cram, to fatten; Gr. OETTELV, to load.


She shold unsowen hir serk. Many a sheep and blatant goat,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2605. With many i saginated boar, bright tusk'd

SALT. (lay bleeding).-Couper. lliad, b. xxiii. v. 40 Thei saltiden othere thingis, that schulde suffice to hem

SARLINISH. Perhaps Sarsinishe. Fr. SarraTo them he ever sent in the weie. - Wic. Tobit vi. 6.

sinois, Sarcenet. Tyrwhitt. The fetuest of his saginated charge. Id. Odyssey, b. xiv. v. 22. SALVATION. Salvo jure (nostræ veteris ami

Largesse had on a robe fresh,

Of riche purpure sarlinish. HAIL citiæ.-Cic. Ep. ad Fam. 13. 77). A form of ex

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1183. And now I se where soule

pression in classical writers, and adopted in our Cometb hiderward seillynge.

Purs Plouhman's Vision, v. 12892. legal instruments of grant. And hence, To Salve,

to save, or keep safe, to reserve. (See the Quotations SARPLIERE. SAIL, I. e. Assail, qv.

from Spenser and Cudworth, in v. Salve, in Dic- And they been ententife about sarpleres or sachelles Now to susaute that smilen can, tionary.) Also written Save, qv.

(sarcinulas) un profitable for to taken. (Quod love, and that full hardily.

Chaucer. Boecius, b. i. (He) soughte out the sike


3. Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7340. And synfulle both,

Bullyng (masailing) of the walls.-Lidgate. Thebes. And salvede sike and synfolle.

Ask of thy mother earth why oaks are made
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11019.

Taller and stronger than the weeds they shade, SAIL, . In Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8492, There is but one, who died salvifically for us, and able to

Or ask of yonder argent fields above, (I can) Beither suille ne saute ; i. e. leap nor jump." say unto death, Hitherto shalt thou go and no farther.

Why Jove's Satellites are less than Jove.
Browne. Christian Morals, pt. ii. $ xi.

Pope. Essay on Man, b. i. v. 42. Bouleurs, perhaps Dancers, called by Wiclif“ Leap



Forsoth ze entringe in to an house, Gret ze or salute ze

And so Nabugodonosor sente for to gedere satrapis or Tbrce was many a timbestere

it (salutate), sayinge, Pees to this hous.- Wic. Mat. x. 12. wyse men (satrapas).- Wic. Dan. iii. 3.
Aud vunts, that I dare wel swere
Yetke tuis eraft full parfitly.
SAMBUKE. Lat. Sambuca. See Wiclif, Bible,

SAUCEFLEME. Lat. Salsum flegma. Having
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 770.
Dan. iii. 5, &c.; in Mod. Ver. Sackbut.

a red pimply face. See Tyrwhitt's Note.

A sompnour was ther with us in that place,
Amand bim wide a sable army stand,

That had a fire-red cherubimeés face,
A low bwry, exll-bred, selbah, servile band,
Ev'n our own bodies daily change receive,

For saucefleme he was, with eyen narwe.
Prompt ur la quard or stah, lo unnt or damn,
Nor are to-day what yesterday they were;

Chaucer. Prol. y. 627. Heuv'u's wie, wław Dyhat for any yod or man

Nor the whole same to-morrow will appear.
Pope. Dunciad, b. ii. v. 357. Dryden. Of the Pythagorean Philosophy. Ov. Met. b.xv. SAVE. See To SALVE, SALVO



SAVE. Fr. Saureur; It. Salvatore; Sp.

doth set men forward unto sin. Good things can scan- SCOT. Safe. Salvador. Salvator is not classic dalize none, save only evil minds.

For thei tendende to drinkis, and zinende scot (L. V.

Hooker. Ecc. Pol. b. iv. $ 12.
SAVIOUR. J Lat. (though an instance of its usage
David was scandalous, in that bloody act, whereby he

mussels (morsels), symbola) shul ben wastid.

Wic. Prov. xxiii. 21. applied to Jupiter is produced by Du Cange). It caused the enemies of God to be blasphemous; thus the

SCOTTICISM. was established, if not introduced, by Saint Au- whole state of Israel was scandalous, when their publick gustine-as the characteristic of Jesus Christ.

disorders caused the name of God to be ill-spoken of The pleadings of lawyers were equally loose and inaccuTrench. Study of Words, Lec. iv. amongst the nations.- Id. 10. b. xi. $ 12.

rate, and that profession having furnished more authors,

and the matters of which they treat mingling daily in Safe-conduct. Law Lat. Salvus Conductor ; Fr. SCAPE, s. Avoidance or evasion of danger or common discourse and business, many of those vicious forms Sauf-conduit. A privilege granted by a prince to difficulty; also applied to acts requiring such avoid

of speech, which are denominated Scotticisms, have been

introduced by them into the language. come into and go out of his dominions with safety. ance as incurring danger or difficulty.

Robertson. History of Scotland, b. viii. Safe-guard. Law Lat. Salva custodia; Fr. Sauf- And Aaron shall cast lottes ouer the twoo gootes. One SCRAPE. guard. A privilege so granted to foreigners, be

lotte for the Lord, and another for a scape-goate. The coming suitors in his courts of justice, to be and goote on which the lotte fell to scape, he shal set alyue

Who so shrape my mawe ? before the Lorde to reconcyle wyth and to let hym goo fre

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2720. remain without harm to themselves or servants in in to the wyldernesse.-Lév. xvi. Bible, 1548.

And whan Judi had rad thre litle pagens, or foure, he goods or property. See Spelman.

I have no conscience of marble to resist the hammer of kutte it with a scraping knyf (scalpello) of the scribe, and And he turnede the name of hym (Joseph), and he more heavy offences, nor yet so soft and waxen as to take thre; it in to the fier. - Wic. Jer. xxxvi. 23. clepide hymn in Egipcian tunge the saueor of the world the impression of each single peccadillo or scape of in(salratorem mundi). — Wic. Gen. xli. 45. firmity.-Browne. Religio Medici, pt. ii. Ø vii.

SCRIPT. Scripture, in Chaucer, A writing or For the grace of God oure Sauyoure hath apperid to alle

posy-for a ring. men, and taughte us that we forsake wickidnesse and


I seigh nevere palmere, worldly desires.-Id. Pul to Tyte, c. ii.

In stones he dwellith, and in heze set scarri flintis With pyk ne with scrippe, For the grace of God that bringeth saluacion hath (præruptis silicibus ; L.V. flyntis brokun bifor) he bideth. Asken after hym.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, 1.3574. apered, and teachest us ył we shoulde denye vngodlynesse

Wuc. Job xxxix. 28. And I counseilid, and thozte, and scrites left. (L. V. and worldly lustes.- 16.' Bible, 1549.

If it is blynd, if it is brokun, if it has a scar. (E. V. fellefte uritun.) - Wic. Ecc. xxxix. 28. Poul the seruaunt of God: to Tite moost dereworth sone (skin) wound, cicatricem.)-Id. Lev. xxii. 22.

(They) plaiyng enterchaungeden hir ringes, by the comyn feith-Grace and pees of God the fadir and Sotheli bitwixe the stiyngis, by whiche Jonathas en

of whiche I can tellen no scripture, of Crist Jesu oure Sauyour.- Wic. Poul to Tyte, c. 1. forside to passe to the stacioun of the Filisteis, weren

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iii. v. 1369. Paul the seruaunt of God-To Titus hys naturall sonne stonys stondynge forth on euer either side, and scarris (Xenophon's Cyropædia) is a most amasing narrative, in the common fayth-Grace, mercy, and peace frö God (E. V. litle rochis, scopuli) brokun bifore bi the maner of and ten times easier to understand than the crabbed epithe father and from the Lord Jesu Christe oure Savyoure. teeth on eche syde.- Id. (1 Kings xiv. 4.

grams and scribblements of the minor poets, that are gene16. Bible, 1549. Is it the roar of Teviot's tide,

rally put into the hands of boys. (No man wot) in which maner wise That chafes against the Scaurs red side?

Cowper to Unwin, Oct. 22, 1785. The worme of conscience may agrise

Scott. Last Minstrel, c. i. $ 12.
Of wicked lif, though it so privee be

SCRIVENER. Wiclif, Is. xxxvi. 2, scriuen, and
That no man wote thereof, sauf God and he,
Chaucer. The Doctores Tale, v. 12216.

Slep of helthe (is) in a scars man (parco); he shal slepe 22, scryueyn. E. V. scribe, scriba. Our duties are to your throne and state, vnto the morutid, and the lif of hym with hym shal de

I nel noght scorne, .i liten.- Wic. Eccl. xxxi. 24.

But if scryceynes lye.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6278.
Children and seruants; which doe but what they should,
By doing euery thing safe toward your loue
The wyndie storme began to scarse,

And honour (i. e. giring safety to, preserving your honour
The sonne arist.—Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 1802.

Therfor thei don alle her werkis that thei ben seen of safe).-Shakespeare. Macbeth, act i. sc. 4. SCATTER, v.

men; forsothe thei alargen their filateries, that ben smale SAVOUR.

I have found out that you are & scatter-brain.

scrowis, and magnifie hemmys.- Mic. Mat. xxiii. 5. Ac I have no sacour in songewarie (interpreting dreams),

Couper to J. Johnson, July 31, 1790.

For I se it ofte faille.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4791.

This shal not be to thee, my lord, into foxynge (in singulHe that sauereth, or undirstondeth, the day, under

Our course of employment and action continues) the

tum), and into scripi (L. 7, in to doute, in scrupulum), ihat very same, only not scened so illustriously; nor set off stondith to the Lord (sapit).- Wic. Rom. xiv. 6.

thou hast shed giltlesse blood, and thi self thou hast vengid. with so good company and conversation.- Archbp. San

Wic. 1 Kings xxv. 31. And the Lord sauered the odour of sweetnesse (E. V. croft's Letters (1691). D’Oyly's Life, &c. v. ii. p. 17. smellid a smel, odoratus est odorem) and seide to hym, 1 (Todd.)

These are the scepticks or scrupulists against whom there

is & clamour raised. schal no more curse the erthe for men.-ld. Gen. vii. 21. SCHEME.

Shaftesbury. Misc. 2, c. iii. v. iii. p. 109. SAUTE. See Sail, ASSAIL. Blunting the keenness of his spiritual sense

SCULK. These forsothe that weren with Machabee, by preyeres With narrow schemings and unworthy cares.

With joy all at ons thei went tille Snawdone preyinge the Lord, that he were helper to her, maden

Shelley. Queen Mab, s. v. On Juor and Ini, that tapised by that side, leersnesse or saut (L. V. asaut, impetum) in to strengthis

To purveie them a skulkyng, on the Englis eft to ride. of Idumeis.- Wic. 2 Mac. x. 16. SCHETICAL. Relative, XEOIS, Oxelv, habere.

Robert of Brunne, p. 3. SAW, s. SCHESES, Relations. Cudworth.

SCULL. Nay, then virtue, justice, honesty, most of necessity be And he shal put on an yren şok vpon thi scol (L. V. nol, Aftir the sawe bitwixt us (juxta condictum ; L.V. bi the figments also, because moral good and evil are schetical cervicem) to the tyme that he have al to-treede thee. biheest) I shal turne ažen to thee this same tyme. and relative things.-Cuducorth. Morality, p. 158.

Wic. Deut. xxviii. 48.
Wic. Gen. xviii. 14.

SAW, p. t. of See, qv.
SCHISM. See Quotation from Hooker in v.

And alle sculptilis (sculptilia), or granen ymagis. shuln
SAY, s.
Separate, infra.

be beten to gidre; and alle hijres (mercedes) therof shuln Also thou schalt make enlenene saies (E.V. heeren sarges,


be brent in fijr.- Wic. Micah i. 7; also Nahum i. 14. saga cilicina) to kyuere the hilyng of the tabernacle. Science is the knowledge of consequences, and depend- SCUM. See SKIM. Wic. Ex. xxvi. 7, et aliter.

ance of one fact upon another.-Hobbes. Leviathan, c. 5. SAY, v.

Alle thingis I sayed in wisdam. (L.V. assayed, tentavi.)

Wic. Eccles. vii. 24. Y seit that a vyne bifore me, in which weren thre siouns
We took the say in the presence of the king.

(E. V. braunchis, propagines), wexide litil and litil into SCYLED. Mr. Tyrwhitt says, p. p. of Scyle-
Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 575.
buriounnyngis (gemmas). - Wic. Gen. xl. 10.

Concealed. A. S. Scylan ; to skill, (qv.) to sepaSAY, or SAIE. See v. TO SEE.


rate; to secrete; and thus to conceal. Scyled under

cure,-veiled. SAYER, s. See Quotation from Job in v. Rivel, SCLENDER. See SLENDER.

Yet nenerthelesse within mine orature (oratory) supra.

SCLOPE, i. e. Sleep. So written in Par. and

I stode, when Titan had his beames bright

Withdrawen doun, and scyled under cure.
Tap. v. 454.

Chaucer. Test. of Creseide, v. 10. If (it hath) litil bleynes or shab (L. V. scabbe, papulas)

SEA. or drye rownd shad (L. V. scabbe, scabiem), ze shulen not

SCOMFIT, i. e. Discomfit. Skunfite is in Wic. offre them.- Wic. Lev. xxii. 22. Bible, Judges vi. 16, a var. r. of Smyte (percutere).

And God clepide the drie place erthe; and he clepide

the gadrynges togidere of watris, sees.- Wic. Gen, i. 10. SCABRON, s. See the Quotation. SCORCH, s. Add

Which is seen (sparkling light) in the ferrent froath of And I schal sende ont bifore scabrouns (that is, flies with But Holland writes (see Quotation in v. Singe),

the sea-which they call sea-longs (lungs) (pulmo marinus).

Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 3. renemouse prickis that ben bred of deed careyns,crabrones),

Scorched or singed by nipping cold.” See Singe, that sehulen dryve away Euey, &c.- Wie. Ex. xxiii. 28. infra.

SEAL, t. SCALE, o.

Who schal jyue keping to my mouth and a certeyn ceelThere Pirge, Arimon, Orinda arre,


yng (signaculum) on my lippis, that Y falle not bi tho, and Breniart the scaler, and with him Swifant,

Ne no scornere ne scold

that my tunge leese not me!- Wic. Ecc. xxii. 33. The breaker of wild horses. Out of skile (reason, temper) hym brynge.

Selers (signatores) forsothe weren Neemias, &c. (E. V.)
Farefux. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xvii. st. 31.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13524.

Id. 2 Esd. x. I. The Romans tooke foule skorn (Romanis indignantibus) Therfor on alle these thingis we us self smyten and SCANDAL

and disdaine, that they, whose hap before was to be van- writen boond of pees, and oure princes, oure dekenes, and Offence or scandal, if I be not deceived (saith Tertullian), quished, should unprovoked begin war afresh with the oure priestis aseelen (sugnant). is when the example not of a good but of an evil thing conquerors.-Holland. Livy, p. 395.

lib. 18. (2. v.) (Nehemiah, in M. V.)

:} See Escutcheon.




SEP That comaondith to the sunne, and (it) springeth not;

And eche these other termes all,

this forsothe hath his soule sillable (venalem) of able to be and closeth the sterris, as under & sel. (L. V. signet, sige That in soche case ye lovers allé seche,

sold.-Id. Eccl. x. 10. naculo.)--Id. Job ix. 7.

And in full humble wise, as in his speche,

The sellers (L. V. silleris, venditores) thei (weren) thi He gan him recommaunde unto her grace.

merchauntis.- Id. Ez. xxvii. 22. SEAM, s. A measure of eight bushels. Ray.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. r. 1071. South and East words. And see Somner.

Knowing of trouth in causes of things was more hardier SELL, i. e. Cell, Cellar. I shal assoille thee myself in the first sechers; and so sayth Aristotle.

Ezechie shewede to them the selle of spices, and of sil

Id. For a seem of whete.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1436.

Test. of Loue. Prol.

der, and of gold, &c. - Wic. Is. xxxix. 2.
A seem of otes.-ld. Ib. v. 2158.
Than longen folk to gon on pilgrimages,

Where never had abbay, ne selle,
And Palmeres for to seken strange strondes.

Yben, ne kirke.-Chaucer. Dreme, v. 2066.
SEAM, 0.
See Piers Plouhman in v. Stitch,

Id. Prologue to Canterbury Tales, v. 13. infra.

SEEM. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Mange, su•

SEAM. (Grease.)

Thou swety slouen seymy.--Skelton, v. i. p. 124.
For Pazens han somwhat

The self-edge makes show of the cloth.-Ray. Proverbs.
Semynge to oure bileve.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10409. SELY. See SILLY.
And to hym (Laban) aserching (L. V. sekyng, scrutanti)
I semed opon that hous.-Id. Creed, v. 315.

al the tent, and no thyng fyndinge, she (Rachel) seith. And he was seen to hem (visus est) as pleiyinge (ludens)
Wic. Gen. xxxi. 34. to speke. (M. V. seemed.) - Wic. Gen. xix. 14.

Rebecca—a ful sembly (L. V. comeli, decora) and moost SECOND.

The sone acreesynge, Joseph, the sone acresynge, and fayr mayden.- Wic. Gen. xxiv. 16. And Abraham jade alle that he had to Ysaac; to the seemli. (L. V. fair, decorus.)Id. Gen. xlix. 22.

SEMI. Semi-vif, (only) half alive. songs forsothe of the secoundarye wyues (L. V. concubyns, concubinarum) he zaue ziftis.- Wic. Gen. xxv. 6.

SEETHE, v.—p. Seethed, sod, sodden,-Coquere, He myghte neither steppe ne stande, Forsothe thou hast seyn secoundli (secundo) a sweden excoquere, are commonly rendered to seethe in the For semy-vif he semed.

Piers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 11481. perteyning to the same thing.-Id. . xli. 32.

Early Version of Wiclif's Bible; and to bake in the
Later Version.

SECT. In Chaucer, Rom. of the Rose, v. 4682,

And a seething man-a bakere, “ Our sectes strene for to save the generation of our

This lyght is the lyght of the creatonr of the lyght sem. Coquens.

pyternel, which

promysed to send us his lyght perpetuall. kind or species." (See in v. Strain.) Sotheli Jacob sethide (E. V. had sothun, corit) potage :

The Golden Legend. Caxton, Westmestre, 1483. and whanne Esau cam weri fro the felde, he seide to Jacob, SECULAR.

syue thou to me of this reed sething (coctione rufa), for Y
am fol weri.- Wic. Gen. xxv. 30.

Streite sendings out (emissiones directe) of leytis schulen The whiche peragenture comen after seculer lettris to

And the tother seide to his neizbore, Cometh, and make and as the sidis of a reynbowe thei schulen be descried. holi scripturis, and with a fair sermoun deliten the eeris of we tile stoons, and sethe (L. V. bake; var, r. bake or eelde

Wic. Wisd. v. 22. the puple.- Wic. Bible. Pref. to Ep. p. 87. (see Ale), coquamus) we hem in fier.-Id. 16. xi. 3.

This Senatour doeth Alla great honour, SECURE.

Lo! Y have sode thee, but not as siluer (ercori; E. V. And hastely he sent after Custaunce, outbake).-Id. Is. xlviii. 10.

But trusteth well, her lust not to daunce, Loo! whether not David lurkith anentis vo in moost

When she wiste wherefore was that sonde. siker placys (L, V. sikireste places, locis tutissimis) of a SEINT, s. i. e. Cincture (qv.) or Girdle. See

Chaucer. Man of Lawes Tale, p. 3. wode?- Wic.' 1 Kings xxiii. 19.

SENDEL. And the werk of ristfulnesse schal be pees, and the tilthe Quotation from Chaucer in v. Meddle ; also in v. of ristfulnesse schal be stilnesse and sikirnesse (securitas) Silk, infra.

Sendel (L. V. lynnen cloth, sindonem) she made, and til in to with outen ende.-Id. Is. xxxii. 17.

solde; and a litil girdil she toc to Canaan. SEIZE, v.

Wic. Prov. xxxi. 24.
They eate, they drink, and, in communion sweet,
Quaff immortalitie and joy,

And sithen I (the Devil) seised
Secure of surfet. - Milton. Par. L. b. 5, v. 639.
Sevene hundred wynter,

SENIOR. Tyndale rendered the Gr. Ipeoßve He views the unguarded city from afar,

I leeve, &c. --Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12644.

repoç by this word, which he afterwards changed

Till that deth me cese In careless quiet and secure of war.

to Elder, on being reproved by Sir T. More, who Immunis belli.-Dryden. Æn. b. xii. v. 818.

I wil be hires, whether I wake or winke,

wroteAnd trewe in al that herte may bethinke. SEE, v. See Wiclif, in v. Scion, supra.

Chaucer. Assemble of Foules, v. 481. In our English, this word seniour signifleth nothing at

all; but is a French word, and in English more than half Barons and burgeises

SELDOM, adj. Seldom is used adjectively by a mockage, (as) when one will call another my Lord in I seigh in this assemblee. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 432. more modern writers than Chaucer or Shakespeare.

scorn.-Sir Thomas More, Dialogue, b. iii. e. 7.
Seint Johan and othere seintes
A seldomer preaching. Bp. Taylor. Ser, i. p. 5, fo.

in poore clothyng.-Id. ib. v. 7052.
And Baxter often so uses it.

Beasts are in sensible capacity as ripe even as men Samtyme (olim) in Yrael thus spak echon goynge to Seldomcy is opposed by Cowper jocosely to fre- themselves, perhaps eveu more ripe. counseyle God; Cometh, and go we to the seer (ad viden- quency.-Works, v. vi. p. 228.

Hooker. Ecc. Pol. b. i. $ 6. tem); forsothe, he that to day is seid a prophet, sumtyme

It must not be now and then a glance of the eye of the To express in one word all that appertains to the per(olim) was clepid seer (videns). - Wic. i k'ings ix. 9.

soul towards God; or a seldom salutation which you would ception, considered as passive and merely recipient, I have And when I had a while igone, I sawe a garden, right anone ....

give to a stranger, but a walking with him, and frequent adopted from our elder classics the word sensuous. addresses of the soul unto him, which must help you to the

Coleridge. Biog. Lit. v. i. p. 175. Another image set, saugh I.

delights which believers find in their communion with SENTENCE. Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, vv. 135, 207.

him.-Barter. Body of Divinity, p. 128, fo. ed. False semblant had he saine also.-Id. 16. v. 7447.

Who is this, wrappende in sentencis (involvens sentenIf thou delight not in him, thy thoughts of God will be tias) with woordis vnwise ! - Wic. Job xxxvii. 2. I felt wel and saie (saw)

seldom, or unwelcome and unpleasant thoughts. And thy Your grete trouth and service every daie, speeches of him will be seldom, or heartless, forced speeches.

The which seide to hern, Be it doon to after your sentence And that your hert al mine was.

id. 16. (sententiam).-Id. Gen. xliv. 10. Id. Troylus and Cressida, b. iii. v. 991.

The sayd versis of the gr poete be of grete effect, This Damian, when that his time he say.

SELF. SELFISH, Ascribed by Hacket (see Trench, purposed sentencyously in few wordis.
Id. The Marchuntes Tale, v. 9810. English Past and Present, lec. 2.) to the mint of the

Thé Bokie of Tulle of Old Age. Carton, b. i.
SEE, i. e. Seat.
Presbyterians—appears in Cudworth, as a word in

Haruth and Maruth, And (they) sitten in se,

The chosen sentencers.-Southey. Thalaba, b. iv. $ 9. common use. See in Dictionary. In her synagoges.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1111. (This) he seide in his sorwe

SENTIENT. See SENSE. Neuer the later, my lorde, my Lord Kyng, in thee the Ou the selve rood.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14011. oyen of al Yrael beholden, that thou deme to her that

When they (the Presbyterians) saw he was not selfish, SEPARATE. owith to sit in thi see (L. V. trone) my Lord Kyng aftir

(it is a word of their own new mint) some of their ministers, thee.- Wic. 3 Kings i. 20.

Men doe separate themselues egther by heresie, schisme, that were softened with the dewy drops of his tongue, And smale harpers with hir glees,

or apostasie. If they loose the bond of faith, which then eased their stomachs with complaints against the courts Satte under himn in divers sees, ecclesiastical and the rugged carriage of certain prelates.

they are justly supposed to doe, when they frowardly And gone on hem upwarde to gape.

oppugne any principall point of Christian doctrine, this is Hacket. Life of Abp. Williams, pt. ii. p. 144. A. D. 1693. Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. v. 120.

to separate themselues by heresie. If they breake the When the soul has tasted of the love,

bond of vnitie, whereby the body of the Church is coupled SEED, s. v. And been illuminated from above;

and knit in one, as they doe, which wilfully forsake all Thes thre ben the sones of Noe, and of thes is out sedid

Still in its self-hood it would seek to shine,

externall communion with saints in holy exercises purely (L. V. was sowun, disseminatum est) al the kind of men

And as its own possess the light divine.

and orderly established in the Church, this is to separate vpon al erthe.- Wic. Gen. ix. 19.

Byrom, from Jacob Behmer. A Poetical Vision. themselues by schisme. If they willingly cast off and The Campanes alreadie were distressed with hanger and

The weakness of the social affections and the strength of vtterly forsake both profession of Christ and communion famine, and the reason was, because the armies of the the private desires constitute selfishness.

with Christians, taking their lease of all religion, this is Romanes had impeached and hindered their seednesse

Mackintosh. Dissertation, p. 193. to separate themselues by plaine apostasie. (sementem facere prohibuerant). -Holland. Livy, p. 556. SELL, s.

Hooker. Sermon 1, on St. Jude. Bailiff. Little Flanigan here is a little seedy, as we say And so thei ordeyneden a dai, in which thei schulden do

SEPTUAGENARY.) A version of the Hebrew among us that practise the law-Not well in clothes. priueli bitwixe hem self; and to eche selles, or smale setis Goldsmith. Good Natured Man, act iii. sc. 1. (sellæ) ben broužt forth, and patt.— Wic. 2 Mac. xiv. 21.

SEPTUAGINT. Scriptures into Greek by

seventy translators, at the command of Ptolemy SEEK.

SELL, v.

Philadelphus, King of Egypt. My Lord, be not wrooth that Y may not rise bifore thee, Al the money he gederyde togither for the sellyng of the

Within the compass of this year (1. M. 3727) Archbishop for it bifelde now to me (Rachel) bi the custom of wym- whete (venditione), and putte it to the tresorye of the kyng. Usher placeth the making of that Greek translation of the men; so the bisynesse of the sekere was scorned (quærentis).

Wic. Gen. xlvii. 14.

Hebrew Scriptures, which we call the Septuagint.
Wic. Gen. xxxi. 35.
No thing is more wicke than to loosen moone (money);

Prideaux. "Conn. pt. ii. b. I.

Were seyen



SHEAF. In the various readings of Wiclif's And (Abraham) seide, zyne je to me the rist of sepulcre So the stretch'd cord the shackle-dancer tries,

Bible, Gen. xxxvii. 7, the Lat. Manipulos is ren(E.V. birying pluce, sepulchri) with you, that I birie my As prone to fall as impotent to rise,

dered sheeues or handfuls. deed bodis. - Wic. Gen. xxii. 4.

When freed he moves, the sturdy cable bends, (They) do so overhonour the dead that they abridge He mounts with pleasure, and secure descends.

SHEAR. some parts of them (e. g. pieces of pretended saints) of due

To the Memory of I. Philips.

My vertue driede as a shord (L.V. tiyl stone, testa), and sepelition.Bp. Hall, v. iii. p. 103, fo. ed.


my tunge clenede to my chekis. Wic. Ps. xxi. 16. SEQUESTER.

(A spot) anapproachable,

If thou maist finden any shore,
Save through a gap in the hills, an opening

Or hole or refte, what ere it were,
Therfor he ordeynen to hem alle the nit coostis of hem,
Shadeless, and shelterless.

Than shalt thou stoupe and lay to ere, to be sequestrid or departid (sequestrari) to alle doynge

Wordsworth. Excursion, b. vii. If they within aslepé be. sacrifice in Jerusalem. - Wic. 1 Mac. xi. 34.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 2660. For she sequestryd hir opynyon from al the world.

SHAFT. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Shape,
Lyfe of our Ladye, d. 7, c. 1. Caston.

SHED. Shydered bones, i. e. shattered. Dyce SERE. See SEAR.

He smote the brother of Goliath Jothee, whose spere says-split, splintered. Skelton, v. i. p. 18. schaft (hastæ lignum) was as the beme of websteris.

And sche anoyntide hir with beste myrre, and sche SERGEANT.

Wic. 1 Par. XX. 5.

schedide the heer of hir heed. (E.V. platte, discriminavit.) Forsothe Saul sente sergeauntis (E. V. seruauntis, appaSHAKE.

Wic. Judith x. 3. ritores) that schulden rauysche Dauid, and it was an- Therfor sche gaderide in the feelde til to euentid: and sweride, that he was sijk.- Wic. 1 Kings xix. 14. sche beet with a zerde; and schook (ercutiens) out the

SHEEN. Spenser writes Shine (for the sake of

the rhyme). thingis that sche had gaderid.— Wic. Ruth ii. 17. SERIES. The adj. Serial is now in common use Her heres (were) shoken fast withall,

So soon as heavens window shewed light, to denote publications in successive numbers, parts,

As from her hedde they wolden fall.

These warlike champions, all in warlike shine, or volumes.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 363. Assembled were in field, the challenge to define.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 3, 6 3. SHALE. SERMON. And me sermounende (L. V. while I speke, sermocinante) But all nis a worth & nutte shale.

SHEEP. Shepen or Sheepen, the sheep-cote.

Gower. Conf. Am. fo. 66. mange thingis, hondis to ther mouth thei sball putte.

Tyrwhitt says—, stable.
Wic. Wisd. viii. 12.
A shepherd lad, set on a bancke to shale

But now it greueth me to remēbre these diners in jang.
The ripen'd nuts pluck'd in a woody vale,
Riztwise ben all my sermones (L. V. wordis, sermones);

lings of these shepy people.-Chaucer. Test. of Love, b. i.

Is frighted thence. ther is not in hem any thing shreude, or peruertid.

Browne. British Pastorals, b. ii. st. 4.
Id. Prov. viii. 8.

Those (eyes) of an amorous, roguish look derive their

title even from the sheep, and we say such an one has a For abhomynscioun of the Lord is eche gilour; and with SHAM. See Quotation from Tatler in v. Bubble, sheep's eye, not so much to denote the innocence, as the the simple (is) the sermounyng. (L. V. speking, sermociand Locke in v. Wheedle.

simple sliness of the cast.--Spectator, No. 250. natio.)- Id. fb. iij. 32.

The word sham is true cant of the Newmarket breed, Mutton was formerly observed to be the food rather of SERVE. Servitude is used by Milton for Ser- It is contracted of ashamed. The native signification is- men of nice and delicate appetite, than those of strong and

robust constitutions. For which reason, even at this day, a town lady of diversion in country maid's cloaths, who, to cants.

make good her disguise, pretends to be so 'sham'd: thence it we use the word sheep-biter as a term of reproach, as we do Lo! the Lord hath closid me, that Y schulde not bere

became proverbial, when a maimed lover was laid up, or beef-eater in a respectful and honourable sense. child; entre thou to my serumuntesse (E. V, hand-maydyn, looked meager, that he had met with a sham.

Tatler, No. 148. ad ancillam), if in hap Y schal take children, namelí of

North. Eramen, p. 231. hir.- Wic. Gen. xvi. 2.


SHELTER. See Wordsworth, in v. Shade, supra. Forsothe Queen Sabaa seynge al the wisdom of Salomon and the dwellynge placis of the serumuntis, and the Shryve thee, and be shamed therof.

SHELTRUM, or SCHELTRUM. In A. S. Scyldordres of the seruistours. (L.V. mynystris, ministran

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3219.

truma, scutum validum, testudo. Dr. Jamieson tium.)-Id. 3 Kings x. 5.

Waxe thei ashamed, and shamely drede (reuereantur) | thinks the last word is not trum, powerful, but rather (I am) al so fully hire servand,

thei togidere: that thanken to myn euelis. Be thei clad As créature or man livand

with confusioun and shamefast drede (reuerentia), that truma, a troop, of shields, or in the form of a shield. May be to lady or princesse.-Chaucer. Dreme, v. 1629.

deedis of malice thenken vp on me. - Wic. Ps. xxxiv. 26. Holinshed (quoted by Dr. Jamieson) in his descripUnjustly thou deprav'st it with the name

Be thei confoundid, and shamefastli drede (reuereantur) tion of the battle of Falkirk, describes the Scotch Or servitude, to serve whom God ordains,

thei togidere; that sechen my soul, that thei do it awei. Shiltrons, to be “ Round battailes, in form of a Or Nature. -Milton. Pur. L. b. vi. v. 175.

Id. 16. xxxix. 15.

circle.” Wiclif renders the Lat. Acies, by this After him a cumbrous train

Nyle thon departe fro & wijs womman, and good, whom word. Of herds and flocks and numerous servitude.

thou hast gete in the drede of the Lord, for whi the grace Id. Ib. b. xii. v. 132. of hir schamfastnesse is aboue gold (gratia verecundia).

Ther scheltron sone was shad (shed, dispersed) with InId. Eccl, vii. 21.

glis that were gode, SETTLE. To settle, sc. a Colony, a body of SHAPE.

Pite of non thei had, bot alle to dede gode. Emigrants—is common in our geographical writers.

R. Brunne, p. 305. For be a man fair or foul, The first town that was settled by the English in North It falleth noght for to lakke,

And thei dressiden afens hem sheltrun (aciem) in the America was called James Town, near Chesapeak Bay. This

wodi valey.- Wic. Gen. xiv. 8.

The shap ne the shaft was in the year 1607. New Hampshire appears to have been That God shoop hymselve.

SHELVE. See SHELF. settled about the year 1623.-Ency. Metrop. in v. America.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7346.
So is the Fader & ful God,

Formeur and shappere.--Id. 16. v. 11707.
A man peruertid rereth strides; and the man fal of

Ne destroze thou or shend (disperdas) Dauid.
God that thee fat, thow hast forsaak, and hast forget the

Wic. Ps. lvi. 1. woordis seuereth. (L. V. departith, separat.).

Lord thi shapere. (L. V. Creatour, Creatoris.)
Wic. Prov. xvi. 29.

Lord ! Be thou myndeful of the schenschipe (E. V. re

Wic. Deut. xxxii. 18. Forsothe Isaie profeciede in either rewme; now togidere,

pref, opprobru) of thi sernauntis, of many hethen men

Forsothe Joseph was fair in face, and schapli in sizt. now seuerendli he ordeynede the profecie.

whiche Y helde togidere in my bosum. Whicb diden (E. V. seemly, decorus aspectu.)-1d. Gen. xxxix. 6. Id. Prol. to Isaiah, p. 224.

schenschipfuli (L. V. repreueden, erprobaverunt), for thei SEVERE.

Biholde thou in thi schaplynesse (specie), and thi fair- dispisiden the chaungyng of thi Crist. nesse; come thou forth with prosperite, and regne thou.

d. Ib. lxxxviii. 52. Seuerity is continuance and perseverance of oon maner

ld. Ps. xliv, 5.

Forsothe San), wrooth atens Jonathan, seide to hym, of lyuyng as wele in the thyngys within as in theym with- made things (of earthen ware) round and shapable, Thou sone of a womman wilfulli catching a man, whether oute. - The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, g. 23. which before were althy things indeed to look on.

I knowe not, that thou louest the sone of Ysay (Jesse) into Defoe. Robinson Crusoe. thi confusioun, and into the confusioun of thi shenful SHARE.

(L. V. schendful, ignominiosa) modir. SEURETY. After this was Sangar, the sone of Anath, that smoot of

Id. 1 Kings xx. 80. SEW. See SUE. Philistiym six hundred men with a shaar (vomere).

In to Joas also thei enhauntiden schendschipful domys.

Wic. Judges iii. 31. (L. V. schameful, ignominiosas.)Id. 2 Pur. xxiv. 24. SEW, s. Thanne Abner, the speer turned awei, smoot him in the

SHENE. See SHINE. And sche (Rebecca) kynerede the nakide thingis of the

sheer. (L. V. in the schar, in inguine : marg. note, In neeke; and sche zaf seew (E. V. sowill, pulmentum) and Ebrew it is, smoot him bihinde the mawe in the fyuethe

SHEPEN. See SHEEP. bitook the loou ys whiche sche hadde bake.

rib, vndur whiche ben the membris of liyf.) Wic. Gen. xxvii. 17.

Id. 2 Kings ii. 23. SHERE. See SHEAR. And whanne thou hast take ony thing bi hunting make

SHARP. to me (Ysaac) a seew (E. V. sowil, pulmentum) thereof, as For thei sharpiden out (eracuerunt) as a swerd ther

SHERT. See SHIRT. thon knowist that I wole.-Id. 16. xxvi. 4. tungis.- Wic. Ps. Ixiii. 4.

SHET. See SHUT. SEW, or Sow.

Sharpeth arwes (acuite); fulAlleth arwe cases.

ld. Jer. li. 11.

SHETE. See Shoot, SHEET.
I had levere here an hårlotrye,

And he that sharp'd,
Or a somer game of souters (shoemakers).
And pocketed a prize by fraud obtain'd,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3300. Was mark'd and shunn'd as odious.
Cesse, the souteresse,

Cowper. The Task, b. iii, v. 86. SHIELD. Sheldes were Fr. crowns (écus), so Sat on the benche.- Id. 16. v. 3105.

SHAVE. The devil made a Reve for to preche,

called from having on one side the figure of a Shield.

And whanne the man hath washide his clothes, he shal Or of a souter, a shipman, or a leche.

His bodi is as foton scheldys (scuta fusilia) of bras, and Chaucer. Reves Prol. v. 3902. shaue (radet) alle the heeris of the bodi.

ioyned togidere with scalis overleiynge hemself. Wic. Lev. xiv. 8.

Wic. Job xli. 6. SEXTANT.

And she (Dalila) clepid the barbour, and he shoof For he was bonde in a recognizance He shal take a lombe, and offre it for trespas, and a ser- (L. V. schauede, rasit) seden heeris of hym.

To payen twenty thousand sheldes. tarye of oyle.- Wic. Lev. xiv. 12.

Id. Judges xvi. 19.

Chaucer. The Shipmannes Tale, v. 13261. 95


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