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The Frenchman's battle axe

Alisaandre, Jewis putting him, or fer showfynge (propel- SIGHT.
Came onresisted on the shieldless maid.

lentibus).- Wic. Deeds xix. 33. Southey. Joan of Arc, b. x. v. 555.

The unseene pryneties of God (arne) made to ns sightful SHIFT


and knowynge (en) in our contemplacion and understandAnd Elde hente good hope,

And bi eche foundement were foure wheelis, and brasun

yng.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, Prol. And hastiliche he shifte hym. extrees; and bi foure partis weren as litle schuldryngis

The sightful manna in desert to children of Israel was Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14259. under the waischyng vessel. (E. V. shuldres, humeruli; spirituell meate.-Id. 16. b. iii. prope finem.

that is, schorte pileris to susteyne the waschyng vessel, SHINE. See Piers Plouhman in v. Rout, in mar. n.)- Wic. 3 Kings vij. 30.

SIGIL. Dictionary.


I chose the Leaf, she smiled with sober chear,

And wish'd me fair adventure for the yearAnd whanne thei herden the voys of the Lord God goynge

And he made a brasun lauatorye, with his foot (basi sud), And gave me charms and sigils for defence, in paradis at the shynyng after myd dai (L. V. wynd, ad auram), Adam hid hym and his wijf fro the face of God in of the shewers of wymmen (L. V. myrrours, de speculis mu

Against ill tongues that scandal innocence. lierum), the whiche wacchiden in the porche of the taberthe myddel of the tree of paradis.-- Wic. Gen. iii. 8.

Dryden. Flower and Leaf. nacle.- Wic. Ex. xxxviii. 8. Sum man was rich, and was clothid in purpur, and biys,

SIGN. ethir whit silk, and he eet ech day schynyngli (splendide) SHREAD, v.

Thanne sat Sleuthe up,
Id. Luke xvi. 19,
And he fillide his mentil, and he turnede ažen, and

And seyned hym swithe.
SHINE, adj. See SHEEN.
schredde (E. V. heuide togydre, concidit) in to the pot of

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3386. potage.- Wic. 4 Kings iv. 39.

For thou; to othere I am not Apostle, but netheless to SHINE, o. Shiners, slang for cash.


apperiden in oure lond, the tyme of schridyng fon Lam; forwhy ze ben the sygnacle or litil signe (signaO‘Don. Has she the shiners, d'ye think? (L. V. kutting, putationis) is comun.

culum) of myn apostilhed in the Lord.- Wic. I Cor. ix. 2. Foote. The Capuchin, A. iii.

Id. Song of Solomon, ii. 12. It was usual for persons who could not write, to make SHIP.

I remembre the delectacyons pleasirs that old age

the sign of the cross in confirmation of a charter. Several may take in consideryng and knowyng the nature of the

of these remain, where kings and persons of great eminence And he came doun to Joppe, and found a ship goynge in vypes—the

mener of the settynges and of the shredynges From this is derived the phrase of signing instead of sub

affix signum crucis manu propria j ro ignoratione literarurr. to Tharsis : and he gaue shiphyre to hem (naulum). and cuttyngis of hit in season.

Wic. Jonah i. 3. The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Carton, e. 8, c. 2. scribing a paper.-Robertson. Charles V. v. i. note x. SHIRT. And whanne he hadde washe hem (Aaron and his sones), SHREW.

he clothide the bishop with a lynnen sherte (subucula linea). Forsothe the erthe is corupt before God, and is fulfllid
Wic. Lev. viii, 7. with schrewidnes. (L. V. wickidness, iniquitate.)

To slen me utterly,

Gen. vi. 11.

A simnel of bread, and a cake of syled bread.
Love hath his firy dart so brenningly
Forsothe if (te han do) schrewidli (L. V. weiwardli,

Erod. xxix. Bible, 1549. Ystiked thurgh my trewè, careful hert,

perverse), fier goo out of hym, and waast the dwellers of
That shapen was my deth erst than my sherte.
Sichem.-Id. Judges ix. 20.

And fysshe eke with fynnes silid fayre.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1568.

Lyfe of our Ladye. W. Caxton, d. 2, col. 1.

Sche hilide hem with stobil or shyueres of flex (stipula
With broken voice, all horse for shright, Creseide

Those deserts of immeasurable sand, lini) that was there.- Wic. Joshua ii. 6.

To Troilus these ilkè wordes seide.

Where the shrill chirp of the green lizard's love

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 1147. Broke on the sultry silentness alone,

Now teem with countless rills and shady woods.
The boat could not come to land, the water was so shoale.
And now ziueth shrifte (L. V. confessioun, confessionem),

Shelley. Queen Mab, s. 8. Hackluyt, v. i. Sir Hugh Willoughbie. and gret doing to the Lord God of our fadris.

SILK. Wee sounded, and found ten fadome; after that we

Wic. 3 Esd. ix. 8.

Fayre was this yonge wif; and therwithal sounded, and found but seven fadome, so shoalder, and shoalder water, and yet could see no land.-Id. lb.

SHUFFLE, r. See the Quotation from Tatler

As any wesel hire body gent and smal,

A seint she wered, barred all of silk. in v. Bubble, supra, and compare with those in Dic

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3235. SHOCK.

tionary from Daniels, Bp. Taylor, and Waterland. And Gedeon, the sone of hym, shockide out, and purgide

SILLY. Seliness, or worldly prosperity, is opwhetis in the pressynge place. (L.V. threischide out, escu- SHUT. See Caxton in v. Push, supra.

posed to Unseliness, or worldly adversity, near the teret.)— Wic. Fudges vi. 11.

(Thei shulden) sheten her heved in the stre, These noble repers, as good workmen and worthy their To sharpen her wittes.

end of the first book of the Test. of Love. hier, han all draw and bound up in the sheues and made

Piers Plouhman's Creed, v. 1542.

And as I wente by the way many shockes.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, Prol

And she for sorwe as domb stant as a tree :

Wepynge for sorowe,
So was hire herte shette in hire distresse,

I seigh a sely man me by.
When she remembered his unkindenesse.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 837. I were noght worthi,

Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5476. Sely, or blessid (felix), that had not sorewi sloathe of To werien any clothes,

his inwit, and falleth not awei fro his hope. Ne neither sherte ne shoon. SICAMORE.

Wic. Ecclus. xiv. 2. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9581.

And he zaf the multitude of cedris as sicomoris (E. V. And if thon laudest and joyest any wight, for he is And the Lord seide, Neise thou (Moises) not hidur, but mulberie trees, sicomoros) that growen in feeldy places. stuffed with such manner richesse, thou art in that beunbynde thou the schoo (E. V. schoyng, calceamentum) of

Wic. 3 Kings x. 27. leeve begyled, for thou wenest thilk joy to be selinesse, or thi feet, for the place in which thou stondist is hooli lond.


els ease, and he that hath

lost such happes to be unselie. Wic. Ex. iii. 5.

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i. near the end. An Egipcien child, I am, and the seruaunt of an AmalOf shone and botes newe and faire, ekite man; forsothe my lord laft me, for I bigan to sikynyn

For now, at erst, shallen ye lere
Loke at the lest thou have a paire.
the thridde dai hens. (L. V. to be sik, ægrotare.)

So sely and dredeful a vysion.
Chaucer. 'Rom. of the Rose, v. 2265.

Wic. 1 Kings xxx. 13.

Id. House of Fame, b. ii. 1.5.

See Piers Plouhman in v. Reap,

At the same tyme all vyneyardes (though there be & supra. SHONDE. See SHEND.

thousande vynes in one, and were solde for a thousande SIDE.

syluerlynges) shalbe turned to breares or stones.

Isaiah vii. 23. Bible, 1549. SHOOT.

And bariowne thei shuln among erbes, as withies or saleThe whiche wex (Agar's child) and dwellide in wildyr- wis, bisyde the syde flowende watris (præter fluentes).


Wic. ls. xliv. 4. nes, and he was maad a zong sheter. (L. V. archer, sagit

Then shaltow se sobretee tariús.)- Wic. Gen. xxi. 20.

They sidle to the goal with awkward pace.

And sympletee of speche. Thei benten a bowe, that thei sheet (sagittent) in hid

Cowper. Progress of Errour.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5942. thingus the unwemmed.-ld. Ps. Ixiü. 5.


I know most of the plants of my country and of those SHORE. See SHEAR. Seith to me, who ben thise paple, that the hillis segen.

about me; yet methinks I do not know so many as when (L. V. bisegith the hilli places, obsidet.) - Wic. Judith v. 3.

I did but know a hundred, and had scarcely simpled beSHORE, v. SHORING, S. Forthi-that no thing other he haue-in the segyng

yond Cheapside.-Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. viii. (L. V. biseging, obsidione) and scaarsenes, that thin ene

It is a godly command that we walk in godly simplicity, (Let) the shores ben well grounded. Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. myes han wastid thee with ynne alle thi fatis.

sine plicis : though the serpent can shrink up in his folds,

Id. Deut. xxviji. 55. and appear what he is not, yet it doth not become the saints There was also made a shoaring or underpropping act for

And there wente out of hem a root of synne, Antiochus,

to shuffle or juggle with God. the benevolence; to make the sums, which any person had the noble, the sone of Antiochi kyng, that was at Rome in

Gurnall. Christian Armour. Ed. 1837. agreed to pay, and nevertheless were not brought in, to be

seegyng or plegge (ob-ses).-Id. 1 Mac. i. 11. leviable by course of law.–Bacon. History of Henry VII.

The Romayns douted greatly to lese the pope's siege.
As when a hunted stag, now well nigh tir'd,

Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 720.

But marke wel, that hethene men hadden symylacris of Shor'd by an oak, 'gins with his head to play;

vi. kyndis, that is, of cley, of tree, of bras, of stoon, of The fearful hounds dare not his horns assay,

SIGH. Written Sithe or Sythe by Spenser and syluer, and of gold. - Wic. Bible. Prol. p. 31.
But, running round about, with yelping voices bay. others.

He n'is no full gode champion
G. Fletcher. Purple Island, c. xi. Er I shul ete, I sizhe (suspiro), and as of flowende water, That dredeth soche similacion.
so my roring.- Wic. Job iii. 24.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7232. But more rist it were, to the shorting of enel, to putte Thy Muse (Hath) made us all so blessed and so blythe,

SIN. mesure to the wodnesse of them bi my silence.

Wic. Prol. to Jer,

Whiles thou wast hence, all dead in dole did lie; 342.

And lo! a womman synneresse (peccatrir) that was in P.

The woods were heard to waile full many a sythe, the citee, as sche knewe that Jhesu hadde sete at the mete SHOVE, v. And all their birls with silence to complaine.

in the hous of the Pharisee, brouzte an alabastre boxe of Sothli of the cumpanye thei withdrowen sum man,

Spenser. Colin Clout, v. 23. oynement.- Wic. Luke vii. 37.



SIZE, v. See Piers Plouhman in v. Summon. SLANG, s. Applied to the wearers of irons slung (Alfred) ofte sythe (times) abone was, and bynethe ofte

on their legs, sc. of thieves; and hence to their lanmo.-Robert of Gloucester, p. 264.

SIZINGS, or little suppers. Coleridge, Biog. guage. See Notes and Queries. And suththe (seen that) he gef hem large gyftes, and let Lit. v. ii. p. 335.

Slangs are the greaves with which the legs of convicts hyro wende.-ld. p. 266.

are fettered, having acquired that name from the manner Parsons and parishe preestes


in which they were worn, as they required a sling of string Pleyned hem to the bisshope,

to keep them off the ground. The irons were the slangs; That hire parisshes weren povere,

SKATE, v. “ Dec. 1, 1662. Over the park, and the slang-wearers' language was of courses langous (as Sith the pestilence time.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v.168.

where I first in my life, it being a great frost, did partaking much if not wholly of the slang); - Sportsman's For I wol serve it myself, And sithenes wol I wende see people sliding with their skaits, which is a very Slang, a New Dictionary and Varieties of Life. By John

Bee. Preface, p. 5. To pilgrimage, as Palmeres doon,

pretty art.”—Pepys. Diary. And Evelyn, eodem Pardon for to haue.-H. 1b. v. 3922.

Also Swift to Stella, Jan. 31, 1710-1711, Lat. dolare, to cut, to hew, is rendered to ouerscorch

SLASH. temp.

In Wiclif's Bible, 3 Kings v. 18, the And Jacob zede bifore, and worschipide lowli to erthe

writes-Skates, if you know what they are. seuensithis (septies) til his brothir neizede.

in E. V. and in var. r. to slasch. Wic. Gen. xxxiii. 3.

SKIER, 0. A. S. Scirian, Scearan, to shear, to SINCERE.

SLAT, 0. clear away, purify, excuse. See Skinner.

To slight, to beat. Having no taste of its own, it water becomes the sincere

Men. How did you kill him?

And thus full oft herself she skiereth, vehicle of every other.- aley. Natural Theology, c. xxi.

Malc. Slatted his brains out, then sowsed him in the And is all ware of Had I wist.

briny sea.-Marston. Malecontent, act iv. sc. 3. Sincerely hope, though a common, is an incorrect ex.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. ii. fo. 30. pression. Sincerity belongs to the expression of feelings, SKILL.

Dot to the feelings themselves. (!)
Mackintosh. Life. To Rich, Sept. 1808.
And why that oon theef on the cros,

The sallow skin is for the swarthy put,
Creaunt hymn yald,

And love can make a slattern of a slut.-Dryden.
Rather than that oother theef-
The which whann he saw that he mygte not overcome Though thou woldest appose,

SLAY. See Piers Plouhman in v. Slight. hym, he towchide the synwe of his hip (nerrum femoris) Alle the clerkes under Crist,

His ezen shul seen his slazter. (L. V. sleyng, interfecand anoon it were drye. Wic. Gen. xxxii. 25.

Ne kouthe the skile assoille.

tionem.)- Wic. Job xxi. 20.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 7861. SING.

Ye maie doe with me what ye will, Nay; sothli we han schewid by skile (causati sumus), Or save or spill, and also slo (slay): Of foure scoore feere I am to dai ; whether my wittis Jewis and Grekis alle for to ben vndir synne.

Fro you in no wise may I go. thriven to deme swote or bittir, or meet and drynk may

Wic. Rom. iii. 9.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1953. delite thi seruaunt, or I may here fortherinore the vois of

Thei diden ns he seide, and thei spaken togidere, Skilfuli men syngers, and of wymmen syngers. (L. V. of syngeris

SLE. we suffren (E. V. thurz desert, meriti sumus) these thingis, ether of syngsters, cantorum atque cantatricum.)-Wic.

See SLAY. 2 Kings xix. 35. In 2 Par. xxxv. 25, syngeresses.

for we synneden ažens our brother.--Id. Gen, xlii. 21.
Divers folke diuersly they demed

SLEAVE. Mr. Singer thinks that sleave silk is Bifore the cok synge twies, (cantet) thries thon schalt denye me.

unwrought, also called floss silk; and that sleave is And anon eftsones the cok song. (L. V. crew,

As many heddes, as many wittes there been; cantavit.)-Id. Mark xiv. 72.

They murmure, as doeth a swarme of been,

the coarse ravelled part separated by passing through And malen skilles after her fantasies,

the slaie or reed comb of the weaver's loom; and Byrdes

Rehersing of the old poetries. That songen through her mery throtes.

Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10519.

hence called sleaved or sleided silk. But see SLEY, Chaucer. Rom, of the Rose, v. 507. SKIRT, s.

in the Dictionary. The office of which appears to The birds' sweet notes, to sonnet out their joys. G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph on Earth. Or wily Cyppus, that can winke and snort

be to beat, to drive, press together. To this verb While his wife dallies on Mæcenas' skort.

he refers the adj. Sleeveless. But see SLEEVE, SINGE. Add-after 1. 5.

Bp. Hall. Sat. b. iv. sat. 1. infra.
So also in Livy—“ Singed with cold.” Singed

with nipping frost.” Torrida, frigore, gelu, l. 21. Byr Skyrjalyard, ye were so skyt,
Your wyll then ran before your wyt.

The puple forsothe that was in it he ladde out, and mand cc. 32. 40. See in v. Frore, Quotation from

Shelton against the Scottes, r. 101. sledis (trahas) and prowd iron charis to gon ouer. Milton.

Wic. 1 Par. xx. 3. Robin. So skittish and shy, Mrs. Pert! For the eeris of corn weren sengid in fler, and the cornes,

Foote. The Bankrupt, A. i.

SLEEK. that filliden a gomor, weren schakun out, and weren offride

Sleuthe end sleep 80.- Wic. Lev. xxiii. 11, marg. note.

SKLERE. Mr. Tyrwhitt says, To cover. To

Sliken his sides.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1080.
sklere sheep is, perhaps, to protect, to take care of.
See Skinner and Wachter, in v. Schleier,

And whenne he was singuler, or by hym silf (singularis),
Quod a lady in a white skleire.

Of men obliuious, he shall make you of good rernemthe twelge, that weren with hym, axiden hym for to ex

Piers Plouhman's Vision, in Skin. fo. 32, p. 1.

braunce; of men slowe witted, easie to be taught; of powne the parable.- Wic. Mark iv. 10.

sleapish sluggardes, vigilant and watchful. For thou, Lord, singulerli (singulariter) in hope hast toChristes Apostles were nere so bolde,

Udal. John c. xiv. gidere set me.- Id. Psalm iv. 10.

No such lordships to hem embrace,
But shlere her shepe, and kepe hir folde.

The Carthaginian generals, and those also of Affrick, SINK.

Chaucer. Plowman's Tale, v. 2647.

taking full benefit of this their good fortune, slept not their

business, nor made delay.-Holland. Livius, p. 574. The dede body

With faire honied words heretikes and misse-meaning Sank til erthe. - Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12208. people skleren and wimplen their errours.

SLEEVE Sleeveless errand,“ without cover, or

Chaucer. Thei sonken into helle,

Test. of Loue, b. ii. pretence;” a pretenceless errand: consequently, a The citees echone.-Id. 16. v. 9074.


successless, profitless, useless errand. In grete mischefe and sorow sonken SKY.

Sleeveless words (Chaucer), rhymes; (Bp. Hall) Ben hertes that of love arne dronken. aucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 5116. These golden palaces, these gorgeous halls,

fruitless, empty, vain; r, as Dr. Johnson explains, With furniture superfluously fair ;

without reasonableness, propriety, solidity. Erminia SIPHER, i. e. Cipher, qv.

Those stately courts, those sky-encountering walls, (in Fairefax) had invented sleeveless errands, to send

Evanish like the vapours of the air. SIR. The title of Sire was so commonly given to

her maidens away, that she might put on the armour

Sterlinge. Darius, 1603. priests, that a Sir John became a nickname for one. SLAB.

of Clorinda " unseene." And (Loth) seide, I prey fou, syres (L. V. my lordis, Our frost is broken since yesterday, and it is very slab

His clothes were strange though coarse, and black though

bare ;
domini), bowith down into the hows of youre child and bery.-Swift to Stella. Dec. 31, 1711.
dwellitb there.- Wic. Gen. xix. 2.

Sleeveless his jerkin was, and it had been

Velvet; but 'twas now (so much ground was seen) SISOUR. See Piers Plouhman in v. Summon,

Become tufttaffaty; and our children shall

Forsothe these that weren wyth ynne, tristiden to the See it plain rash awhile, then uaught at all. infra. stablenesse of wallis, and in apparel of foodis, and diden

Donne. Sat. iv. slacliere. (E. V. slowlicher, remissius.) SIT.


Wic. 2 Mac. xii. 14.
Go and wasshe,

Be maad the weie of hem dercnessis, and slideri (L. V. Thow shalt sitte soone.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8088.

slydernesse, lubricans), and the angel of the Lord pursuende

Forsothe Semey zede bi the slade of the hil (E. V. cop, hem.- Wic. Ps. xxxiv. 6. (Thou) in semblaunce of a serpent

per jugum) bi the side azens hym. Sete (sattest) upon the appul tree.-1d. 16. 12653.

Wic. 2 Kings xvi. 13.

A slider (var. r. sliper, lubricum) mouth worchith fallPointes and sleves be wel sittande


yngis.- Id. Prov. xxvi. 28. Ful right and streight upon the hande.

But that science is so fer us beforne,
Thei (lions) slaken (latant) hir neckes from hir chaines
Churucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 2263.

We mowen not (although we han it sworne)
unbound.-Chaucer. Boecius, Met. 2.

It overtake; it slit (shidth) away so fast.
And eke upon these stedes gret and white,
Mem. Either he slackes the matter, or betrays his master.

Chaucer. Chan. Yem. Prol. v. 16150. Ther saten folk.-ld. The Knightes Tale, v. 2895.

Lilly. Mother Bombie, act ii. sc. 2.
SITHE, or SYTHE, i. e. To sigh. See Spenser in
Slakeless thirst of change.-Byron. P. of Dante, c. i.

SLING. See SLANG (Language).

And he potte (David) his hoond into the scrip, and took v. Sigh, supra.


a stoon, and leyde in the slynge (in funda) and beryng it And also bid hym, how that he

about, he smoot hym in the foreheed. SITHE, s. Bring eke his other clarioun,

Wic. 1 Kings xvii. 49. The greatest clerkes had with their sharp sithes of con- That hight Srlaunder in every toune,

And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence & ning mowen and made great rekes and noble, full of all With whiche he wont is to diffame

stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his fore. plenties to feed me and many another.

Hem that me list, and doe hem shame.

head, that the stone sunk into his forehead.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, Prol.
Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. v. 490.

Id. 1 Sam. xvii. 49.

See Suck.


Who hath ben wel ibete
SNAP. (In Skelton) To trip, to stumble; see

As good as tooth may chaw,
To daie with swerden and with slongè stones.

And bread and wildivgs souling well.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. v. 941. Dyce, and the Quotation from Wiclif; i. e. to catch

Warner. Albion's England, b. iv. c. 20. against, and hence, to trip, &c. SLIP.

Lear. The fitchew, nor the soyled horse goes not too't Thanne thou schalt go tristili in thi weie: and thi foot with a more riotous appetite. Half I shall goe_for silver though, when you shall bee schal not snapere. (L. V. offend, impinget.

Shakespeare. King Lear, act iv. sc. 6, fo. 3032. nailed up , act 1

Wic. Prov. iii. 23.
Acurate in speciall

SOIL, v. To take soil. Fr. Se souiller (of a
To snappar and to fall

swine); to take soil, or wallow in the mire. CotInto this open cryme. SLOE.

grave. Also—to take to the water. Applied by

Skelton. Ware the Hauke, v. 142. Saye thon, vndir what tree thou sawz hem, speekynge to SNEB.

Spenser to the animal itself. B. iv. c. iii. Ø 16. hemself! Whiche saith, Vndir a sloo tree. (L. V, haw,

But being then unbost, the noble, stately deer, schino.)-Wic. Dan, xiii. 54.

Forsothe if thi brother shal synne in thee, go thou and

When he hath gotten ground (the kennel cast arrear) reprove hym, or snybbe (corripe) bitwise thee and hym

Doth beat the brooks and ponds for sweet refreshing sal. SLOT, . Slit. aloone.- Wic. Mat. xviii. 15.

Drayton, Polyolbion, st. 13. Why wariede I (detestatus sum) discipline, and to snyh

Fida went down the dale to seeke the hinde; SLOTH. lyngis (L. V. Blamyngis, increpationibus) assentede not myn

And found her taking soyle within a floud. To whom seith Josue, How long welewen ze with sleuth herte !--Id. Prov. v. 12; also vi. 23.

Broune. British Pastorals, b. i. st. 4. (marcetis ignavia).- Wic. Jos. xviii. 3.


(The) chased hinde her course doth bend,

To seeke by soile to find some ease or good,
Thei shulen couer the candlestik with the lanterns, and

Whether from craggy rocke the spring descend, A sowe is waschun in the walewinge, or slowe of cley, or her toonges, and snyters. (L. V. snytels, emunctoriis.)

Or softly glide within the shadie wood.

Wic. Num. iv. 9. fen (volutabro luti).— Wic. ii. 22.

Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. vi. st. 109. SNITE, s. SLOW. See Wiclif, in v. Slack, supra. And the snyte (L. V. capret, ibis) and the crowe dwelle

SOIL, 0.

To dirt. The motion of this serpent is slow (the blind or slowshul therein. - Wic. Is. xxxiv. 11.

His syre a sontere, worm); from which, and the smallness of the eyes, are de

Y-suled in grees.-Piers Plouhman's Creed, v. 1500. rived the names.

SNITE, v. Snot.
Goldsmith. Animated Nature, Pt. v. ch. 3. And he made senene lanternes with her snytyng tongis.

(E. V. cande quenchers, emunctoria.)

SOUKE. SLUDGE. Also written Slush, or Slosh. And

Wic. Er. xxxvi. 23.


Also tongis to do out the snottis (candelquenchers, emunc

torin), and where tho thingis that ben snottid out (L. V. There (they) discovered some large springs. This proved SLUMBER.

where the snoffes ben quenchid, quæ emuncta sunt, extin- their solacement and relief.-Gordon. Tacit. Hist. b. i. And as I lay and lenede, guantur) be maad of cleenest gold.-Id. 16. xxv. 38.

SOLD, s. In Wiclif, Stipendium, Merces, is renAnd loked on the waters, I slombred into a slepyng,


Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 19.

Past ages crowd on hee, but eac one remembers:
And the future is dark, and the present is spread

What maner snoz in somer, and reyn in rep time; so The heroical vein of mankind runs much in the soldiery Like a pillow of thorns for thy slumberless head, unsemende is to the fool-glorie.- Wic. Prov. xxvi. 1. and courageous part of the world, and in that form we

oftenest find men above men.
Shelley. Prometheus, act i. sc. 1.

Browne. Christian Morals, pt. i. $ 36.
Is noon so hungry hound,
Beware we then ener of discontente, and snubbe it be-

SOLE. See SULLEN, and Wiclif, in v. Solitary, In Hertford shire

times, least it over throwe us, as it hath done inanie. Dorst lap of that lerynges,

Such snubs as these are little clouds. - Comfortable Notes infra. 8o un-lovely thei smaughte.

on Genesis, by Gervase Babington, Bp. of Econ, 1596. He sit
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3200.
From Notes and Queries, March 11, 1854.

by hymself as a soleyn.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7834. SMARAGD.

SNUB, v. Snub-nose, a nose checked or stopped SOLE, s. In the makyng of golde is a signe of smaragde (smaragdi). in its growth.

His sole sbal ben holde with agrene. (L. V. his foot, Wic. Eccl. xxxii. 8. SMART.


with a snare, planta.)- Wic. Job xviii. 8.

SOLERT. For povere men may have no power

Our manciple, I hope, he wol be ded; pleyne hem, though thei smart. Swa workes, ay, the wanges in his hed.

Let them plead their own learning and able parts, withPiers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1694.

Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4028.

out traducing the gifts of them that are excellently seen


in theological cases of conscience, and singularly rare in (He) swouned and sobbed,

natural solertiousness.-Bp. Hacket. Life of Lord Keeper Battailles shul none be, And siked full ofte.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9573.

Williams. Campbell, v. ii. p. 485.
Ne no man bere wepene:
But what smyth than any smytheth
Thou herdist my vois; turne thou not awei thin eere fro

Be smyte therwith to deth.

my sobbing and cries (var. r. Pozing, singuitu). Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 2017.

Wic. Jer. Lam, iii. 56. Move circumspectly, not meticulously, and rather careWatris therlen out (ercarant) stones, and of smytyng


fully solicitous, than anxiously solicitudinous.

Browne. Christian Morals, pt. i. $ $3. (L. V. by waischung awey, alluvione) of watris the erthe SOCIABLE. In Wiclif's Bible, 1 Kings xiv. 24, litle mele is wustid.- Wic. Job xiv. 19.

SOLID. the Lat. Sociati sunt is in the text-" Thei weren

1 Fr. Solidarité. Kossuth, in his And Y suffre the to make smyting or printe (percussa

SOLIDARITY. I speeches, while in this country in ram) of thin own money in thi regioun, felouschiped,and in var. r. “ socied."

the year 1851, frequently used this word, and Lord Id. 1 Mac. xv. 6. SOFT, v.

Malmsbury, when Secretary of State for Foreign SMITH. See Piers Plouhman in v. Smite, supra.

In a somer seson

Affairs, in his speech in the House of Lords, on

When softe was the sonne. Sella forsothe gat Tubalcaym, that was an hammer smyth

Monday, Dec. 6, 1852, announcing the recognition

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1. (L. V. hamer betere, malleator) and a smyth (faber) into

of Louis Napoleon, as Emperor of France, employed alle werkis of bras and of yrun (var. r. smyter).

Softid (molliti sunt) ben the woordis of hym vp on oile:
Wic. Gen, iv. 22.
and thei ben speris.- Wic. Ps. liv. 2.

it (probably adopting it from a French despatch). That thou be taken awey fro an alien womman, and fro

Mr. Trench explains it to signify——" A fellowship SMOAK.

a straunge, that softith (L. V. makith soft, mollit) her in gain and loss, in honour and dishonour, in vicPap. Besides, sir, the people in this town are more woordis.-ld. Prov. ii. 16.

tory and defeat; and being, so to speak, all in the smoaky and suspicious.- Foote. The Lyar, A. i.

And the soule of hym (Sichem) was glewid with hir, and

same bottom." He conceives it to be so convenient hir sory (tristem) he swagide with softnessis. (L. V. flaSMOCK. Wiclif, Bible, Is. iii. 22, schetis or teringis, blanditiis.)-Id. Gen. xxxiv. 3.

a word that we must adopt it as the Germans have, smockis, linteamina.

and probably other countries, already done.


SOLILOQUY. The Lat. Soliloquium, St. AugusSOIL. See Chaucer in v. Shere, supra. Thon knowist that Esau my brothir is an heeri man,

tine informs us, was invented by himself.-Trench. and Y am smethe. (E. V. soft, lenis.)

SOIL, i. e. Assoile.

On Study of Words, lec. 4.
Wic. Gen. xxvii. 11.

To whom spak Sampson: Y shal purpose to tow a dow- SOLITARY.
And he hilide the cherubyns with gold, and alle the

See Quotation from Job, in v. wallis of the temple bi cumpas; and grauyd with dyuerse

tous word, the whiche if ze soylen (solveritis) to me with Sullen, infra. grauyngis and smethnesse. "(E. V. turnynge, torno.) ynne seuen daies, Y shal, &c.— Wic. Judg. xiv. 11.

Be that nyit solitarie (L. V. soleyn, solitaria), and not id. 3 Kings vi. 28.

Leede thou me in bifor the sizt of the Kyng, and Y schal | preise wrthi.-Wic. Job iii. 7. And al the hows withyone was clothid with cedre, and

telle the soilyng (E. V. solution, solutionem) or undirstondhadde hire smethenessis (E. V. turnours, tornaturas), and yng.-Id. Dan. ü. 24.

SOLLAR; Written Solers, is a word of not unhise ioynyngis maad suteli — Id. Ib. vi. 18.

SOIL, or / Fr. Saouller; to glut, clog, satiate.

common occurrence in Wiclif's Bible, from Lat. SoSMOULDER. See Piers Plouhman in v. Blear, Soul, v. Š Cotgrave. It. Satollare, satiare. Ray larium, or more frequently Cænaculum. supra. says, that in the North, Soul is anything eaten

Thou shalt make soleris (E. V. sowping places, conacula), with bread.

and placis of thre chanmbris in the schip (the ark).

Wic. Gen, vi. 16. SNAILS, in the Quotation from Beaumont and To soule, is to feed (e. g. a horse. Shakespeare) SOLSTICE. Fletcher, is a corruption of a common oath-By till satisfied. See to frank and to stall.

The Jews, that can believe the supernatural solstice of God's nails, 'd'snails, 'snails.

I have, sweet wench, a peece of cheese

the sun in the days of Joshua, have yet the impudence to


SPE deny the eclipse, which erery pagan confessed at his Meddle we false wordes with sote, and sote with false, SOUTHLY. See SoothE. Words of .sooth; (Christ's) death.-Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ 29. trewly this is the sorrinesse of fained loue.

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. soothing words. Tyrwhitt, softly,
SORE, s.

And southely than I spake.
Who such oon as the wise is ? and who knez the solucioun

Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 140.
Of fawnes, sowers, bucks, does,
(rar. r. soulyng, solutionem) of the wrd.
Was ful the wodde.-Chaucer. The Duchesse, v. 429.

Unto a bed full soberly,
Wic, Eccles. vii, 30.

So as I mighten full southly
SOME. In Wiclif, Bible, Sum man, is Quidam,
SORROW. See SORE, supra, and in Dictionary.

Pace after other.-Id. Dreame, v. 1326. a certain man; Summen, is some men.

SORT. Sort or soort occurs in Wiclif several

SOW. See SWINE, and see Pig (of lead).

sowo of lead is swifter. Ther was sum prest (sacerdos quidam), Zacharie by times, from the Lat. Sors. In Luke, from Vicis. name.- Wic. Luke i. 5.

Beaumont and Fletcher. Tamer Tamed, act iv. sc. 1. De vice abiæ, of the sorte of abiæ, i. 5. In ordine And he answeride, Tweye dettouris weren to sum leener, Vicis, in the ordre of his sort. Ib. v. 8.

SOW, v. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Reap, supra. ethir usurer (cuidam fæneratori).-Id. Ib. vii. 41. Sundel (L V. a litil, aliquantulum) of tyme passide, and

Will you abyde amonge such a sort of traytors, who have Why shuld I sowen draf out of my fist,
thei weren holdun in kepyng.-Id. Ib. xl. 4.
so falsely broken their othe and promise to the kynge of

Whan I may sowen whete if that me list.
It felle forsothe a day, that Joseph sholde goo into the
England.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 42.

Chaucer. Persones Prologue, v. 17346. hows, and sumwhat (qui ppiam) of werk he sholde do with

A general fame and sclaunder ran upon her, that all the SOWIL (of Potage). See Sew, supra. Lentis

infirmities the King had, which no physician could cure, outen witnessis.--Id. Gen. xxxix. 11.

came all by her sortes and artes, i. e. sorceries or casting edulio. Gen. xxv. 34. SOMME. See SUM of lots.-Id. v. ii. p. 651.

SOWINS, or SEWINs. Common in the North. How a sort of fugitives, who had quitted without stroke SOMMER. See SUMMER. thir own countrey, should so soon win another, appears not;

Grose. Brocket. Sc. Sowens. Flummery made unless joyn'd to som part of thir own settl'd there before of the dust of oatmeal remaining among the seeds, SOMPYOUR. See SUMMON.

(Britans in Armorica).- Milton. History of England, b. iii. steeped and soured. Jamieson. A. S. Seawe;

Tacitus saith: Livia sorted well with the arts of her gluten, a clammy matter. SON.

husband, and dissimulation of her sonne (bene composita). Whi schal Y (Rebecca) be maad soneles (orbabor) of ener

Bacon. Essays. Of Simulation.

Der. But see, where Norah with the soucins comes. eithir sone in o dai?- Wic. Gen. xxvii. 45.

Swift. Pastoral Dialogue. To liven in delit was ever his wone, SOTE. See SWEET. Sote, soote, common in

SOYNED, or Skinner has the s. Soigne, from For he was Epicurus owen sone.

the var. r. of the Wiclif Bible. Also Sootnes. Chuucer. Frankeleine's Prologue, v. 338.

SOIGNED. | Fr. Soigner, curare; which he SOTEL. See SUBTLE.

deduces from the Lat. Somniare. And see Svin, in SON. See Sun.

SOTH. See Sooth.

Menage. SONDE. See SEND and SUND.

Soyn'd and amaz'd at his own shade for dreede. SOUDAN. See SOLDAN.

Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 261, SOON. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Release, supra.


Space is nothing else but the mere power, capacity,

ponibility, or (begging pardon for the expression) interFortune hath made The sote of al thine hertes eest Thou shalt be cursid amonge alle the soule hauers (L.V. ponibility of magnitude.

Barrow. Mathematical Lectures, lec. x. p. 176. Languishe, and eke in pointe to brest.

liuing thingis, animantes) und beestis of the erthe. Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. v. 927.

Wic. Gen. iii. 14. SPADES. A suit of cards. Our figure is taken They saw how from the crags and clifts below,

Next comes a fee at the death of a party, which was from the French, and is that—of the end of a pike. His (a hill's) proud and stately pleasant top grew out, commonly called soul-shot ; and paid (before the dead body. Fr. Piques. The Sp. Espades, is, Swords (Espada, And how his sides were clad with frost and snow, was buried) unto that Church where the dead party's The height was greene with herbes, and flowrets soute. dwelling was.-N. Bacon. Hist. Treatise, c. xi. P.

32. a sword) which they have on their cards; and Fairefuz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xv. st. 46. Earth, air, and sens, through empty space would roll,

from them our name. And see DIAMONDS. SOOTH. See SOUTHLY, infra.

And Heav'n would fly before the driving soul.

Dryden. Virgil. Æn. b. i. v. 89. SPANIEL. For thi soule or lijf, be thou not confoundid to seyn soth. There on the breezy summit, spreading fair,

Prudence throws


and spaniels at her heels. (L. V. treuthe, verum.)- Wic. Ecc. iv. 24. For many a league there let me draw

Churchill. Conference. Be thou debonere to here the wrd of God that thon vn- Ethereal soul, there drink reviving gales. derstonde, and with wysdam thou schalt bring forth a soth

Thomson. Summer, v. 774. SPANNISHING. Fr. Es, or, E-panouissement, answere. (L. V. treue, verum.)-1d. 15. v. 15.

The soulish nature, take it right,

from Epandre, to expand. The expansion, or full Wherfor if ze doon mercy and sothenes (L. V. treuthe, As much a serpent, if without God's light, veritatem) with my Lord, shewith to me.

blow, of a flower.
As Lucifer.-Byrum. From Jacob Behmer.
Id. Gen. xxiv, 49.

And whan I had it longè sene,
For it is an old sothsare, to the auarouse man as wel

I sawe that, through the leves grene, lackith (is wanting) the good that he hath, as that he hath

The rose spred to spurnishing.

Martyr sowed to virginitee. Dot.-Id. Bible. Pref. to Ep. p. 75.

Chaucer. The Prioresse Tale, v. 13509.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3633. SOP. SOUND, v. Sonde in Chaucer, The sounding

SPAR, s. See Quotation from Wiclif, in v. Stud, For oon Piers the Plowman

infra. line. Tyrwhitt. Hath impugned us alle, And set alle sciences at a sope, Forth goeth the ship-out goeth the sond.

SPARE. An opening in a gown or petticoat. Sare love one (alone).

Chaucer, Dreame, v. 1149. Jamieson.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8287.

And go in at my spayre,
And the soun (sonitus) of the trompe litil mele spronge

And crepe in at my gore
This craft of scripturys the sofistre ful of wordis, | into more, and lenger was strecchid (tendebatur).

Of my gowne before.-Skelton. P. Sparrow, v. 345.

Wic. Er. xix. 19.
this alle presumen
teche or (ere) they lernen.

Her sparefull eye to spread his beaines denaies.
Wic. Bible. Pref. to Ep. p. 67.
And the sowning of a clarioun (E. V. cry, clangor) maad

Fairefaz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. iv. st. 30. He who sofistically spekith (L. V. bi soffym, sophistice) noise ful greetli.-Id. 16. xix. 18.

SPARK. is hateful.-Id. Ecc. xxxvii. 23.

Soune is not but eyre y-broken,
I trow ye studie abouten some sophime.
And euery speche that is spoken,

And (Abraham) saw a multitude of sparkis (L. V. a
Chaucer. The Clerkes Prologue, v. 7881.
Loud or priue, foule or faire,

sparcle, farillam) steiynge vp fro the erthe, as smook of In his substaunce is but eyre.

fumeys. - Wic. Gen. xix. 28. Ayenst his wysedom aduayle none allegacios of aduo

Chaucer. House of Fame, b. ii. v. 176.

Wottest thou not well that every shepherde ought by cates, ne sophym of philosophres.

reason to seke his sperkelande shepe that arne ron into The Golden Legend, fo. 3, c. 4. SOUND, adj.

wildernesse, emong busshes and perils, and hem to their SOPITE, v.

Now certes ferther wol I never founde (try)

pasture ayen bring?-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i. His friends gare out that he died of hard drinking, but None other belpe my sores for to sounde (heal).

SPARLYRE, s. A. S. On spear-lirum, in Crucertainly there was treason in the case, the infumy of

Chaucer. Ann. and Arc. v. 242. which was sopited by his successors (successorum potentia

ribus. Deut. xxviii. 35. See LIRA, in Sommer. oppressit). Turnbull. Justinian, b. xii. c. 13.


Smyet thee the Lord with the moost yuel biel in knees As for dementation, sopition of reason, and the diviner

and in sparlyuers. (L. V. hyndere partes of the leg, in particle from drink-Christian morality and the doctrine


suris.)- Wic. Deut. xxviji. 35, ut supra. of Clirist will not allow it.

Thanne the puple tok sprengid meel, or it were sourid The knyght smoot with good wylle,
Browne. Vulgar Errours, b. v. c. 21. (fermentaretur), and hynding it in chaff putte vpon her Strokes ot' thre,
SORE, adj.
shuldres.- Wic. Er. xii. 31.

And the ape hym boot (bit) full ylle,
And loo! the thridde day, whenne the sorwe (L. V. so-
The citee restide a litil in mengyng to gydre of soure

Thorgh the sparłyre.-Octorian, 330, quoted in Hallwell. Tewe, dolor) of the woundis is moost greuous. ... dowe, til it were sourdowid all (a commistione fermenti, do

Wic. Gen. xxxiv. 25. nec fermentaretur totum).-Id. Hosea vii. 4, et aliter.
And I shal beset aboute Ariel, and it shal be dreri and And from the smokes sowre

Forsothe there was the batail sparpoild (L. V. scaterid, sorcuy. (L. V. soreuful, marens.)-1d. Is. xxix. 2. Of Proserpina's bowre.-Skelton. P. Sparrow, v. 82. dispersum) vpon the face of all the loond.

Wic. 2 Kings xviii. 8. I beholde the sori hertid (L. V.counrd, rerordem) funge man, that passeth thur; the stretis, biside the corner.


SPEAK. Id. Prov. vii. 7. There sprange and sourded in rome the same nyght a My ryuelyngis (ruga) seien witnessyng atens me, and a Forsothe sum sorpufulness (mestitin) was shed about to wel or a fouutayne.- The Golden Legend, fo. 5, c. 1. fals spekere is reisid ažens my face, and ajenseieth me.

Wic. Job xvi. 9. man, and hydousnesse of body, by whiche the sorowe of herte (dolor cordus) was maad knowen to men byholdynge.


The judges were spoken (i. e. told) to get horses. Id. 2 Mac. iii. 17. Ye slufferd (slobbered) op sowse.-Skelton, v. i. P

R. North. See Campbell, v. ii. p. 310.





And there is foundun (in paradis) delium, that is a tree and the hyer geyt, and the dyverse, and spotti. (L. V. He touched me of spicerie.- Wic. Gen. ii. 12.

spottid, maculosos.) - Wic. Gen. xxx. 35. Under the side full softily,

SPIDER. The common rendering of aranea in That he mine hertè sodainly,

SPOUSE. Without any doute, hath so spered

the Wiclif Bible, is Attercop; in the var. r. of Job And if eny man bere down (seducerit) a mayden not zit That yet right nought it hath me dered. viii. 14, Spither is given,

spousid (L. V. weddid, desponsatam), and he sleep with hir, Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 2099.

he shal haue hir to wijf. - Wic. Ex. xxii, 16. SPIGOT.

The diademe, hi which hir modir crounede hym in the SPECIES, S. SPECIOUS, adj. Having, or shew

Lo! my wombe is as must with out spigot, ether a ren- dai of his spousyng (desponsationis), ing, promising-fair or good appearances—such as tyng (spiraculo) that brekith newe vessels.

Id. Song of Solomon, iii, 11. gain favour or confidence--and hence, plausible,

Wic. Job xxxii. 19. An yuel kyndrede, and a spouse brekere (E. V. auoutrere, prevailing.

adultera) sekith a tokene. 1. Mat. xii. 39. Species is frequently written Spices, by Chaucer. small, thin; wood, paper, e. g. to light a candle. SPILL. A spile, is any thing (spilt or split)

SPRAWL. See the Quotation from Hobbs.

In the var. r. Wiclif's Bible, 4 Kings xviii. 21, is

And whanne he (Tobit) hadde do this thing; he drow it Therfor if ze schulen here my vois, and schulen kepe my

found, couenaunt, je schulen be to me in to a specialte (E. V. my

“The splyndre or speel therof (a reed) schal, in to the drie place, and it (s fish) bigan to spraule (E.V.

quappe, palpitare) bifore his feet. Wic. Totnit vi. 4. propre tresour, in peculium) of alle puplis. i. e. entre in to hys honde and peerse it."

And whanne he spraulide (qwappide), zit cleuyng in the Wic. Er. xix. 5.

The greetnes of mysese (inopie) is to spille the greetnes ook, ten zonge squieris of Joab, runnen, and smytiden, and How many spices ther ben of penaunce. of plentithe (perditura est).- Wić. Gen. xli. 31.

killiden hym (Absolon).-Id. 2 Kings xviii. 14. Chaucer. Persones Tale.

Thus from my conforte I ginne to spille, sith she that The philosophy schools say-for the cause of vision, that should me solace is ferre from my presence.

SPRENGE, u. A common word in Wiclif's Bithe thing seen sendeth forth on every side a visible cies

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i. ble. See SPRENT, infra. Springill is a sprinkling (in English), a visible shew, apparition or aspect, or a be

SPINE. ing seen: the receiving whereof into the eye is seeing.

SPINNEY. (As Spinet.)

instrument (sc.) of holy water. And for the cause of hearing, that the thing heard sendeth One of our most favourite walks is spoiled. The spinney to-sprengid (L. V. spreynt, conspergere) with asken.

Thou doztir of my puple, be thou zird with an heire and forth an audible species, that is, an audible aspect, or au- is cut down to the stumps, even the lilacs and the syringas

Wic. Jer. vi. 26. dible being seen; which entering at the ear, maketh hear

to the stumps.-Couper to Newton, March 19, 1785. ing. Nay for the cause of understanding also, they say

Go fe fro that hous or citee, and sprenge of (ercutite) the the thing understood, sendeth forth an intelligible species, SPIR.

dust of zoure feet. (E. V. smytith awei.)-Id. Mat. x. 14. that is, an intelligible being seen; which coming into the

A monk, that took the springill with a manly chere, understanding, makes us understand.

And did as the manere is,-moiled al their pates. Hobbs. Of Man, pt. i. c. 1. SPIRE. A shoot: a spring.

Chaucer. Par, and Tap. v. 141. SPECK. Sche puttide hym (the child Moses) forth in a place of

The Frer feynyd fetously the spryngill for to hold After the reed horsis, and the spekkid, and the white, he spier, of the brenke of the flood. (E. V. flaggi pluce, in

To spring oppon the remnaunt.-ld. Ib. v. 142. myfte shewe the pore kynge by profesie. carecto.)— Wic. Er. ii. 3.

The seed is keeted thorough the heate of the sonne and Wic. Bible. Pref. Ep. p. 71. An oke cometh of a litel spire.

also by the spraynture of dewys. SPECTACLE. Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii, v. 1335.

The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, e. 8. The sonne perissheth thorow the glasse, Thorow the cristalle, beralle or spectacle, SPIRIT. d. from (See, gc.) in l. 16 to search

SPRING (a shoot), is applied by Piers Plouh

It is also apWithout harme.-The Lyfe of our Ladye, c. 6, col. 2. ing in 1. 20, and r. (to spere, qv.) The Lat. Spi- man to a sprig or twig, for flogging. SPEED.

rare (commonly rendered to breathe), was—to seek plied to a Scion :—by Fairefax to a plantation of

after, to pursue eagerly, and, conseq. to breathe or young growing trees (the enchanted grove). But Y seie to fou trenthe, it spedith (erpedit) to you that

Who so spareth the spring pant after; and then, generally, to breathe. Y go.-Wic. John xvi. 7.


Spilleth his children.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2554. Neuerthelesse I tell you the trueth, it is expediēte for

In the spryng of the day (L. V. sprynging, diluculo) thei

The Lord God ... you that I go awaye.--Id. Bible, 1549.

. spiryde into the face of hym, an entre reisiden her eejen, and loo, myche peple. Then Olofernes clepyde dukis, and the maister domys- of breth, of lijf.— Wic. Gen. ii. 7.

Wic. 1 Mac. v. 30. men, and noumbrede men in to the speding (in expeditio- And in his wil shal spiren (or brethen, aspirabit) out the That tree to set faine would I learne. The first thing, nem).- Wic. Judith ü. 7. south.-ld. Ecclus. xliii. 7.

thou must set thy work on ground siker and good accordaunt A man gladeth in the sentence of his mouth; and the We will stile that part of the generall knowledge con- to thy springes.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii. fo. 3104. spedful (L. V. covenable, opportunus) sermoun is best. cerning man's soule, the knowledge of the spiracle, or in- My Lord, not one of vs there is, I grant,

Id. Prov. xv. 23. spired substance; and the other part, the knowledge of the That dares cut down one branch of yonder spring, For I, that God of Loves servanntes serve, sensible or product soule.

I thinke there dwels a sprite in every plant, Prayen for spedle (success) al should I therefore sterve.

Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 3. There keepes his court great Dis, infernal King: Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. i. v. 17. Let us atterly reject that fortuitous jumbling together

Fairefaz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xiii. st. 23; In Chaucer I am sped (versed. Dyce), of light and round atoms, which Democritus, however,

also st. 31, 35. His tales I haue red. - Skelton. ė. Sparrow, v. 788.

maintains to be warm and spirable (spirabilis), that is, SPRINKLE.

animal,-Cicero. Tusculan Disp. b. i. p. 20 (1715). SPELL, v.

And the litil sprynkil of ysop (L. V. bundel, fasciculum) SPIT, s.

wetith in bloode, that is in the nethir threswold, and sprengOsm, Thor, Freya, Woden, hear, and spell your Saxons, Whiche chapitre we bi oure custom han bifor markid with

ith of it (aspergite) the overthreswold, and either post. With sacred Runick rhymes, from death in battle.

Wic. E. xii. 22.
Dryden. Arthur, act i. sc. 1.
& spite. (E. V. stric, stroke, obelo.)— Wic. Esth. x. 3.

SPELUNC. Gr. Onnlvy & OTTEOS; Lat. Spe-


SPUKE. lunca; a Latinism not observed elsewhere. Fr. Rabi Salomon seith that he (Joab) made in desert & spiSpelongtre ; It. Spelonca,

tele for pore men; wherefore Ebrewis seyen that he is SPUNGE, s.

sauyd, and that temporal deth was zouun to him into clenHe dwellide (Lot) in a spelunc, or a den, he and his two

For him is kept a liquor more divine, sin of his sinnes.- Vic. 3 Kings ii. 34. mer. note. dowzterys with hym.- Wic. Gen, xix. 30.

You, spunges, must be drunk with lees of wine. SPITE.

Dryden's Juvenal. Sat. v. by Boules. SPEND. The nobles, spighted at this indignity done them by the

SPUR, s. Our spences and spendynge

commons, firinly united in a body, deposed this prince by (Knyght) cometh to be dubbed, Sprynge of a trewe wille.

plain force (Ser. Tullius), and chose Tarquin, the Proud. - To geten hym gilte spores. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9314. Swift. Contests, 8c. at Athens, &c. c. iii.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12098. SPER. See SPAR.


Y schal brynge hem bi strondis of watris in a ristful weie,
Desire; hope.

The liner by the splenike branch, transferreth them (the thei schulen not spurne therein. (E.V. stumble, impingent.) SPEYRE. more earthly parts of our aliment) to the serjeant of the

Wic. Jer. xxxi. 9. scullery-the splene. -Purchas. Microcosmus, ch. v. The Londreis were in speyr, him for thar kyng uplift,

And up they gon, and doun again, anon, i. e. were in hopes to raise him to be their king


Til that the miller sporned at a ston.
Hearne. Glossary to Robert of Brunne, p. 653.

Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4278.
Who forsothe shul go out, and flee to the Caldeis that

besegen jou, shal lyue, and be shal to hyın his soule as spoile. SPUTE, v. is in Wiclif's Bible, Wisd. xv. 9, used

(L.V. prey, spolium.)— Wic. Jer. xxi. 9. I am Spes, quod he, aspie,

as dispute. L. V. Stryue. And spire after a knyght.

SPOKE. To put a spoke in his wheel. In Dut.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11370.

Een spaak in t'wiel steeken, is, To traverse, thwart,
He had his man go and spir.

Stonde tbou not afen the face of the strifful; lest he sitte A place, where she might abide. cross a design. Spoke is probably a corruption of

as a spiere (insidiator) to thi mouth.- Wic. Exc. vii. 14. Gower. Conf. Am. 1. 8, fo. 182. spike. To put or drive a spike into the nave, so as SPEW. to prevent the wheel from turning on its axle. The

SQUANDER. Of which lond Y schal vysyte the grete synnes, that it effect is similar to that of spiking cannon.

They charge, re-charge, and all along the sea, spewe out his dwellers. (E. V. caste, evomat.)

They drive, and squander the huge Belgian fleet.
Wic. Lev. xviii. 25.

Dryden. Annus Mirabilis, st. 67. Take what I will of the emetic kind, I could not abso- For by spontany will it is dooe, that is to say with good

SQUAT. lutely swear when the operation is over, that I have spuked will not constrained.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii. The erthe is togidir mened and tremblide; the fundeat all. -Cowper to Lady Hesketh, July 5, 1788.

Considering it (a minnow) I found it alive, and endued

mentis of hillis ben togidere smyten, and squat (L. V. with spontaneity.-Cowper Hurdis, Feb. 23, 1793.

schakun togidere, concussa sunt), for he wraththide to hem. SPICE.

Wic. 2 Kings xxii, 8. Spycers speken with hym SPOT.

SUEQAMISH. To spien hire ware. -Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1332. And he senerde that dai the she geyt, and the sheep, (He, Edgar, used not) squemishly, frowningly, or skorne


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