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Scamnum faceretne Priapum, maluit effe Deum. It was at his curtelie whether it should be an Idol or fome other thing.

Therefore verf. 19. God faith, Woe unto him that saith to the wood awake, and to the dumb stone arise ; that is, woe to him that trustech to an Idol for defence againīt evill, or deliverance out of danger; for that is one of the uses that is made of Idols to fuccour in time of distresse, as the Disciples did awake their Master in a storme.

You see that when the workman hath put his hand upon it, and shewed his best skill, here God doth call it wood, and a dumb stone still.

He proveth it thus. It shall teach, although it be dumb, yet the dumbnesle thereof shall declare it to be an inanimate im. potent thing: For howsoever the matter of the Idol, be it wood or stone or metall, be laid over with gold and silver, as superstia tion is costly enough in adorning their gods, yet there is no breath at all in the midst of them, and having no life in them, they have no power to give help to them that serve them.

Vers 20. But the Lord is in his holy temple; for having shewed the vanity of Idols, he comech now to reveale himselfe co

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This fome understand, that the Lord is in heaven, the temple of his holinesse; and though the heaven of heavens connot containe him, yet he hath laid, Heaven is my.tbrane , and Christ teachech us to say, qui es in cali, who are in heaven.

So che temple at Jerusalem, where he faid, I will dwell, is the temple of his holinelle; and as the Babylonians and other heathen had their Idols and their Temples for them to which they did refort ; so he produceth in oppolition to them the God of Israel in his holy Temple, to whom the Jewes may resort for help against all their enemies.

Let all the earıb keep silence before him. In which words either he discourageth all power that should r se up against him; or he requireth the voluntary tubmission of the earth to him as to the supreme Soveraigne of all the world: for

Keeping silence is a ligne of reverence and submission, as Job speaking of his former glory, when God had abased him, faith, chas when he came forth,

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Job 29.5.

The Princes refrained talking, and laid their hand on their: mouth.

De verbis hactenus.
The parts of the text are two{ 1. Falle.worship.

12. True Religion.
In the first, 1. Peccatum, that is, idolatry. 2.. Pæna:PWoe:

In the first, here is
1. A description of the idolatry of the heathen Babel.
2. A derision of the idolaters,

1. Idolatry is a trust in, and an invocation of graven and mol. ten images, dumb idols.

Firft here is trust then followeth invocation, and that is the A.

postles method in all religious adoration. How shall shey call on Romiione bim in whom they have not believed?

This doth open to us the occasion of this last imputation to them of idolatry; for what hath made them so proud, fo cruel, so covetous, fo voluptuous, as the opinion that they have in the protection of their gods ? therefore now at laft God overthroweth that also, and doth shew them that in religion they are most of all wrong.

If you desire a general definition of idolatry, which comprehendeth all kinds, I think this is full of comprehenfon. It is CulEsis Religiofus exhibitas Creature, A religious worship given to the creature.

Learn then that no nation of the world did ever deny a divine Power, but acknowledged some God in whom they crusted, and whom in their necessities they called upon; and because this invisible Godhead was out of fight, they devised idols, which chey erected for representation of their gods, which they also worfhipped with divine honours, and this we callidolatry, or che worshipping of idols. They saw that there was much to do in the Government of the world, and therefore they adored many gods, as thinking it too much to believe any one God able to manage the universal Government of all things.

These gods they represented some formes either cast in metcal, of graven in gold, filver, wood and stone : this they call sidanos ab iidã, video to fee, fignifying somewhat that was to be feen; for

they

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they walked by sight and not by faith, and would have somewhat
to see before they

would worship.
2. The vanity of this worship is derided here, because this in
dol which they worshipped could profit them nothing; for
no man would do service, where nothing is to be gained

by it.

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He proveth that it cannot profit.

1. Because it hath a Maker;for fo chere was a time when it was not; and how can he profit a man, that is beholding to man for his making?

2. Because every idol is a teacher oflics ; for it teacheth a man to trust in his own work, and is a meer illusion,planting his trust, and directing his worship in and to that which is able to do hin no good when he needech.

3. Because these idols are dumbe, and can give man no answer
to his demands or Petitions.

4. Because when man hath bestowed his workmanship upon
it, and all his cost in over-laying it with gold and Gilver, it is yer a
dumb ftatue, it bath no lite in it; there is no breath at all in the
midst of it. So that the doctrine of this place is
Idolatry is a grievous fin.

Doctre
The reasons to prove this are great; two chiefly.

1. In respect of God; there is no sin that doth more disho. nour God; because this doth as it were un-god him, and fecceth up the creature in the place of the Creator, at once breaking the two first Commandments of the first Table of Gods holy Law.

St. Thou shalt have no other gods but me.

22. Thou shalt worship xo graven image, &c.
But this reason God omitteth, as having now to do with
those who knew not the true God.

2. He urgeth a second reason;this sin is against them that com-
mit it; for they trust in, and call upon that thing which can.
not profit them; the two great acts of Religion cast away and
loft, that is, trust and invocation.

This is a great. Argument in our temporal affairs; for will a man bestow his time, his labour, his love and fervice, where no profit is like to arise to him?

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But this kind of idolatry is fo extinguished by the lighe of the Gospel, and so little caule of fear of it, that I need bellow no time nor pains on it; for there is none of us, who doch not con. fefie'one Gnd in three Perfons.

But there is an idolatry amongst those that call themselves Christians, and would have none be the Church of God but themselves, that is the Church of Rome, and though they protest against it, and plead not guilty to our accusation, yet the evi. dence of truth will convince them of it.

Under the name of idol,Cardinal Bellurmine doth understand only falsam fimilitudinem representantem id quod revera non est, a falie similitude representing that which indeed is not, as the Ei dols. He faith the heathen did represent fained gods, such as never were; but were only che fictions of humane device, they have none such.

Theirs are imagines: imago ab imitando, of imitating, and they be Counterfeits, reprelenting in similitude fuch Persons as God have been, and have lived in the world.

So idols they defe,images they embrace. In this very be ginning of their defence, both absurd in the Atrife of words, making distinction where there is no difference, for sedždov is properly a visible Representation, and so is an image, and therefore boch in Greek, Latine and English one and the same ching; but the custome of speech hath impropriated certain words to let fict ons,as that an image is the reprefentation of a ching, but an idol is commonly taken with us for the reprefentation of fonc thing that is worihipped.

Therefore the best part of the Papists defence of their Roli. gion again!t our imputation of idolatry, is this,

1.That for the images that they do retaio,cicher in the Churih. oratories, or in their private use, they know them in iheir mac ter to be no other then the creatures of God, of wood, stone, inettal, or some other mixt matter; they know them to be in their íormes the art of the workman; they do know and confefl: chem to be dead, inanimatc, senieletle things in themfelves

, and they protest against any adoration of them as much (ibey. Say) as we do. Here Cardinal Bellarmine speaks for che rest

, and hc willcharge the Protestant Church with flander in chis point

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and say there is no such matter, they do not worship any idols.

He complainech, that by this slander, some of the Protestants have lo diltafted the Religion of Rome to many that 'knows ic not, chac though they do hear of worthy men amongst them, who for gravity of manners, holinesfe of life, and all exemplary vertues deserve reverence and respect; yet our opinion of iteir idolacry distasteth them lo co us, that we will not heare them Ipeak.

2. They ariwer, that their images are of two sorts which they use in divine worship.

Eicher they be of God,or of the creature:

In the images which represent God, they only do worthip God in the Image, not the Image it self with Hoiy-worship.

In the images of the Creatures, as of the mother of the Lord, Angels and Saints, they do but honour God in his Saints, and in their invocation they use them but as means of quickning their memories, and turning up their devotions by that which the eye beholdeth: and God loseth no honour by it to have so many means used to him.

This is chaç which they give out for themselves, we charge them that they adore creatures, and give divine Worship to. Images,sche heathen did.

For it is plain that they worship the wood of the Crosse, in thar they speak that to the Crucifix, which can only be applyed to the Croile it self and not to Chrift, Salve crux fpes unica. They adde, thou only were worthy to bear the ransome of the world o faithful Crosse. Which agreeth with their doArine,

That allthe honour due to the Sampiar is given to the image thereof.

And where they excuse their idolatry, that they do not worfhip the image, but God represented in the image': if chat be noc idolatry, neither were the Athenians Idolaters, who worshipped in their images the time God whom T'aul prea

A&.17.13; ched.

Neither were the Israelices idolaters, who worshipped the true God in the Calfe which Aaron made; for they could not

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