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: Now since God had honour from heathen Poers, much' more is he honoured within the Church, by those ravished spirits, within a lofty strain, found out his prayses, or their own forrowes, and wants.
s This kind of writing as it is most delectable, so it is most hard and difficult of all others, the strict laws of Verse; exacting choice of words to take their places inthere measure, and the inspired wit affe&ing such fublimity and svavity of matter and order, as is often involved in tropes and figurative, and parabolicall Phrases; so that all readers of holy. Scripture, finde the poeticall parts of the Bible exceeding difficult more then the historicall and morall.
Now, where most cost is bestowed of search, to finde out the meaning of the holy ghost, and most delight is reaped, it being found, that doth tarry by us better, and we hold it with strongest retention. This pleaseth God well, that we hide his word in our hearts, that we do not runne it out' in a leake's 102,45.7.: ... This doctrine of the holy use of Poetry in the worship and Ofe. service of God ferveth,
i To stir us up to affed the best gifts of all in Gods worship: if there be any way more excellent then others, to use that in our prayers and chanksgivings, and prayses of our God, I remember what David said
to Araunah, the Jebusite, when he offered to give him his threshing floore to erect an altar upon it for God.
I will not offer a burnt Offering tothe Lord my God, of that which 2 Sam.24. coft me, nothing
Let it cost us the highest straine of our invention, the low, dest extension of the voice, the earnestest intention of the heart, we have nothing good enough for him, all we have is of him, let it be all for him, and for the advancement of his glory.
2 Seeing this kind of exercise of Hymns and Pfalmes hath been by Gods holy Servants consecrated to the worship of Cod, let us bestow our wit and inventions that way,not in de
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vising Satyres to gird and lash our Brethren; not in amorous
2 I consider that this song of Habakkuk was directed to
That Church-musique hath the honour of antiquity, and of holy use alfo.
I need not prove this out of the old Testament, for the examples grow so thick there, that he hath read liccle in the Old Testament, that hath not informed himselfe of the Churches use and practise therein.
. We have Myriams confort: Exod. 15620. There were TimJudg.11. brels anil Dances, all the momen came out after them. Typi
We have Jephthaes Daughters confort, meeting her victorious
We have Davids full example in the Tabernable : Solomons
If any objed, that these be those old things which are done away, but now all things are made new, those were bue fhadows and ceremonies serving onely for those times, but now antiquate and abolisht.
Let me tell them, that in thetime of the Gospelt, where the Church hath more cause of joy, then ever it had before, we can give no cause to abate any thing of Gods worship
Who can deny,but that the first tydings of the birth of Chirst was proclaimed by an Angell, and the Proclamation was
seconded by a Quire of heavenly Souldiers, even a multitude of them, the whole confort of heaven praising God.
The Anthume which they sung is upon record in the fiving Book of the Gospell. Gloria in excelsis.
but yet the singing and Musick of instruments in the time · 06. of the Law were Thawdows of things to come, at the coming whereof they must cease, whereof then were they shadows.
It is answered of the inward and spirituall joy of the faithfull for the coming of the Messiah.
Had not then the faithfull before Christ this inward and spirituall joy? and why should we which have it more in the inward man, expresse it lesse in the outward worship: David P1.48.10. faith, According to thy name so thy
, praife to the ends of the earth. Chrift faith, I have manifested the name to thens that thou gaveft me: doth ít not follow well, where there is manifeftum nomen; there should be, manifesta laus.
The Church use to prayle God with instruments of Mufick, the Church hath more cause to prayse God since the coming of Christ then before, why should any thing not repealed and forbidden to be used be neglected, to manifest
ob. But all things in the Church must be done to edification, Mufick doch nor edifie.
Sol. Then was it never of lawfull use in the Church, and Davidand Solomon did ill to bring it into the Tabernacle, and the Temple, and the Church did as ill to contiune it, if it be without edification.
But if ever it seemed for edification, why not now as well as ever, it is the fame God that is now served whom they Worshipped, and as Augustine, Tempora variata, sunt fides vna,
but faith is one : how where and when did Musick loose that honour, that use , in the Church of God?
ob. But it spendeth time which were much better bestowed in hearing the Word of God preached.
Sal. 1 answer it was used, when much more was to be done in the Church, then we have now to do, and they thought it Rot tedious.
They had many Sacrifices to offer, and the time spent in pray
and hearing of the word; yet they use it.
06. But popish fuperftition hath so defiled it, that it is not now fit to receive it in our Christian Churches.
Sot. I finde that our fathers before the coming of Christ were not so squeamish, to like their own holy worship the worse , because Idolaters did use some of their formes of worship; for
Nebuchadnezzar, made a golden image and that was worshipped with all kinde of stil and loud Musick, yet that did not defile the holy worship of the Church
It is a dangerous rule of religion to menage it by opposition, they are not all opera Diaboli, workes of the Devill
; which the devil doth, for you know that he confest Christ, which many Scribes and Pharisees did not. They that condemne all that popish superstition hath also abused, may want a candle to light them to bed.
I professe sincerly, I cannot see but that the same motives. that bgan to bring in Musick into theChurch,may hold it there still for any thing that I can see.
í In respect of God, to glorifie him in the best manner that we can by any gifts of art or nature. And Musick being one of them, we see how much it hach decayed,and how much Students in that excellent art have been discouraged from that kind of study since the Church cast out Musick.
2 In respect of Gods.service, the more pompe and folemnity is used, the more glorious is the house of God made, and the more difiering from our common house of habitation
3. In respect of our selves, we have need to have the help of outward things, to draw us on with delight, to entertain our thoughts with cheerfulnesse, to incite and move our affeAions, to quicken our devotion, and to blow, the fire of our zeal, and to relieve our naturall wearinesle in Gods service.
These reasons brought in the song and instruments into the Church, and gloricusly was it fetled in Solomons time in the temple, according as his Father David had left it in the taber
nacle, where he designed to that service men of cunning 288. 1 Chron.
ob. But Christ and his Apostles, and the primitive Church, 25.7.' had no such musique in Churches.
Sol. They had no Churches, but in their meetings, they sung Pfalmes, so did Christ and his Apostles in the roome where he kept his last Passeover, and in the Emperour Trajanes time, which was before the death of St. John. Pliny wri- Mat, 26.32 teth to the Emperour of the manner of the Christians : this one amongst the rest, that, They did meet together early in the morning, and sung Hymns to their Christ
. But after Religion had found favour with Princes, and began to appear in peace, then came in Churches, and Church Ornaments, then were Liturgies devised, and used, then were instruments of musique intermixed with the fervice, and God glorified in all.
St. Aug. Confef. 9. Cap. 6. Quantum flevi in Hymnis e Canticis fuave fonantis Ecclefia tua, voces illæ influebant auribus meis, e eliquabatur veritas tua in cor meum, & ex ea aftuebat, inde affectus pietatis o currebant lachryma, & benè mihi erat cum eis.
In the next Chapter, hee tels how the Arrians attempted the taking of Ambrose B. of Millain, whom they accused of heresie, and Justina the Empresse bearing them out in it, they meant him a mischief, he went to the chief Church, and much people followed him, ready to dispatch their holy Bishop, St. Augustine and his Mother were amongst them, and there Aug. faith ; Tunc inftitutum ut Hymni cc Psalmi canerentur more orientalium Ecclesiarum ne popnlus mæroris tædio contabesceret, quod ad hodiernum diem retentum eft, 6c. The Hymns and Pfalmes were ordained to be fang, &c.
Ob. It is a means often to carry away our thoughts more with the tune then with the matter. St. Augustine maketh it One of his Confessions, that he was fo transported.
Sol. And may not the same happen in our singing of Psalms? let us not lay our faults to the charge of the Church, what good shall we go about, but we shall finde Satan Lusie to divert us from it.