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xxiv. 26

might eat no Corn in the green Ear. And at this
Feast they paid their Firstlings and Tilbes of Cattle.
At the Feast of Pentecost, when Harvest was ended, Lev. xxiii.
they brought two wave loaves of their new Corn; 17; 13.
at which Time also they paid Tithes of Corn, so
much as was threshed; and a Tribute also of a Free-
will offering of their Hand. To this may be referred
the Precept of not gathering their Land clean, but
that something should be left to the Poor to glean;
which was a secondary Offering to God himself.
At the Feast of Tabernacles they offered First-fruits
and Tithes of Wine and Oil, which was the Offer-
ing of that Season. And in the Commandment of
this Feaft, we also find a Precept of not gathering the Deut.
Grapes and Fruit clean, in behalf of the Poor.

Q. How far are Christians obliged to any Imita-
tion in this Particular ?

A. They are certainly bound not to appear before the Lord with empty Hands. It is not enough to give at other Times, but it is a proper Piece of the Worship to be practised at holy Scasons. For the Actions of Men in holy Affemblies are not like their private Actions at other Times; for all the Actions in public are to be accounted as one Action of the whole Body, every Prayer, the Prayer of all as one. Whatsoever Worship God requires of any one alone, the same he requires also of all met together as one, being God of the Body as a Church, as well as of any one Member as a Chriftian. In reference to Offerings in holy Assemblies, thus St. Paul ordains, thus the primitive Christians 1 Cor. xvi. practised, as is plain from Justin Martyrand Irenæus. 2.

Q. How are Festivals profaned?

A. When they are not regarded nor distinguished from Common Days; when they are made Instruments of Vice and Vanity ; when they are spent in Luxury and Debauchery; when our Joy degenerates into Sensuality, and we express it by Intem,


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perance and Excess. And it is a very great Ag-
gravation of our Sins, at such Times, to abuse the
Memory of the greatest Blessings, by making them
Occasions of offending God.

Q. What are the Advantages of a serious Obfer-
vation of Festivals ?

A. It testifies our great Regard to the Institu

tions of the Church, and our Obedience to our Heb. xiii. fpiritual Superiors, to whom we ought to submit, as

to those that watch for our Souls. It fixes in our
Thoughts the great Mysteries of our Redemption.
It fills our Hearts with a thankful Sense of God's
great Goodness. It raises our Minds above the
World, and inures us to a sober Frame and Tem-
per of Soul. It kindles a prudent Zeal and Fer-
vour in performing the Offices of Religion ; and
is very apt to produce a Readiness to do or suf-
fer any Thing for the Name of Jesus. .


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A Lonighty God, who haft eftablished in thy

The P R A Y E R S.

1. Fora right Observa. sion of Holy

nors, for the perfecting of rb. Saints, for the Work of
Eph. iv. the Ministry, for the edifying of the Body of Christ ;

make me careful to observe all those Inftitutions,
which are enjoyed for these admirable Ends; and
ałways to esteem Days set apart for thy Worship,
and dedicated to thy Service, as a great Relief to
the Infirmity of my Nature, which is not capable
of an uninterrupted Contemplation of thee. Let
the Affairs of this Life, nor my Eagerness in ob-
taining the good Things of it, so far engross my
Thoughts, as to make me neglect those happy Op-
portunities of working out my own Salvation. Let
not the Love of Pleasure prevail upon me to con-
sume them in sensual Enjoyments; but grant that



my Rejoicing may be accompanied with Tempe-
rance and Moderation, and dispose my Mind, by
all the Refreshments of my Body, to serve thee with
greater Diligence and Cheerfulness all my Days.
Make me constant, at these Holy Scafons, in attend.
ing thy public Worship, and let me enter thy
House with recollected Thoughts, composed Be-
haviour, and with a thankful and devout Temper
of Mind. Let me hear thy Word with serious At-
tention, and with a particular Application of it to
the State of my own Soul. Let me approach thy
Altar with fervent and heavenly Affections, and
with firm Resolutions of better Obedience. Let
me commemorate the Mysteries of my Redemp-
tion with profound Humility, with exalted
Thoughts of thy wonderful Goodness, and with
thankful Acknowledgments of thy great Love de-
monstrated to the Sons of Men. Let the morti-
fied Lives of thy Saints raise me above the Plea-
fures of Sense; and let the Pattern of their Piety
and Devotion, their Humility and Charity, their
Meckness and patient Sufferings, be always so
lively imprinted upon my Mind, that I may tran-
scribe their Example in my Life and Conversa-
tion: That thus observing these Days of Rest here
below, I may celebrate an Eternal Rest with thee
hereafter in thy Heavenly Kingdom, through
Jefus Christ our Lord. Amen.



LORD God, in whose Sight the Death of for the

thy Saints is precious, and though their De- Imitation parture is taken for Misery, yet is their Hope full Saints. of Immortality; and having been a little chastised, they are now greatly rewarded, let the Memory of what they endured, support thy Servants who are engaged in Combats and Trials here below. Abate the Power and Malice of their Enemies; that all


those who hatc and persecute thy Church, may be brought to Repentance, or miscarry in their cruel Designs against it; that thy Name may be celebrated to all Generations; that thy Kingdom and thy Coming may be hastened ; that thy Saints may obtain the Consummation of their Bliss, by the Resurrection of their Bodies, and receiving the Crown of Righteousness, which thou haft prepared for all that put their Trust in thee; and that I with them may praise thy Name for ever and ever. Amen.

CH A P. I.

The Lord's Day.
Q. WHAT Part of our Time bath God appro-

priated to his immediate Service?
A. One Day in Seven, which he hath com-
manded to be kept Holy. And we ought the
rather to pay Obedience to Divine Authority in
this Particular, because it hath liberally indulged
the remaining Part of our Time to our own Use.
Q. Wbat do you mean by keeping a Day holy?

A. Setting it apart for the Exercises of Religious Duties, both in Public and Private ; abstaining from the Works of our ordinary Calling, or any other worldly Affairs and Recreations, which may hinder our Attendance upon the Worship of God, and are not reconcileable with solemn Arfemblies, and may defeat those Ends for which the Day was separated from common Uses. Q.What Day was anciently set apart to this Purpose?

Ā. The Seventh: For God having in six Days made Heaven and Earth, the Sea, and all that in them is, he rested the seventh Day, and hallowed it.

Q. What mean you by God's resting from his Works?

A. That

Gen. ii. 3.

: A. That the Creation of all Things was finished, and the World entirely made ; this resting of God being spoken after the Manner of Men; and implieth not any Weariness in him, for the Crea- Isaiahı xl. tor of the Ends of the Earth fainteth not ; neither is 21. weary. It was by the Ancients made the Symbol of the Rest of the Just from all their Labours; when all Grief, Sorrow, and Sighing, shall fly away, and God shall be all in all.

Q. Why was the seventh Day, called Saturday, commanded to be observed by the Jews ?

A. To be a Sign to testify what God they wor- Ezek. ix, hipped, whereby they professed that Jehovah, and 20. no other, was the God of Israel, and consequently was an admirable Institution to secure them from Exod. Idolatry. For, by fanctifying the seventh Day, xxxi. 13. after they had laboured fix, they avowed themselves Worshippers of that only God, who created the Heaven and the Earth, and having spent fix Days in that great Work, rested the seventh Day; and therefore commanded this suitable Distribution of their Time, as a Badge that their religious Service was appropriated to him alone. And by fanctifying that seventh Day, namely Sam turday, they professed themselves Servants of Jebevab their God, in a Relation and Respect peculiar and proper to themselves, viz. that they were Servants of that God who redeemed Ifrael out of Deut. » the Land of Egypt, and out of the House of Bondage. 15. For upon the Morning-watch of that very Day they kept for their Sabbath, he overwhelmed Phiraob, and all his Hoft, in the Red Sea, and saved Israel that Day out of the Hand of the Egyptians.

Q. How far, and in what Manner, doth the Oba fervation bind Christians ?

A. The Christian, as well as the Few, after six Days spent in his own Works, is to fanctify the Seventh, that he may profefs himself thereby a


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