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Rom. vi. to'reign in our mortal Bodies, that we fhould obey it in

the Lufts thereof: That since he gave himself for us, Tit. 11:14. to purify to himself a peculiar People, zealous of 6, 7, 8. good Works; we should give all Diligence to add to

our Faith Virtue, to Virtue Knowledge, to Knowledge Temperance, to Temperance Patience, to Patience Godliness, to Godliness brotherly Kindness, and to brotherly Kindness Charity í for if these Things be in us, and abound, we shall neither þe barren or unfruitful in the Knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Q. What Consideration doth the Church offer to 15, as proper to bring our Lives to a Conformity with the End and Design of Christ's Coming in the Fleth?

A. The Confideration of his second Coming to judge the World, when he will execute Vengeance upon all those who obey not the Gospel of Christ.

Q. Wbat do you mean by Christ's Coming to Judgment ?

A. That our Lord Jesus Christ shall at the End of the World defcend from Heaven in his human Nature, and summon all Mankind to appear before his dreadful Tribunal, where they shall come upon their Trial, have all their Actions strictly examined, and, according to the Nature and Quality of them, be adjudged to eternal Happiness or eternal Misery.

Q. Horu doth it appear that there shall be a general Judgment ?

A. Both from the Principles of Reason, and the clear and express Testimonies of Scripture.

Q: How doth it appear from the Principles of Reason that there Mall be a general Judgment ?

A. The Light of Nature discovers to us an essential Difference between Good and Evil; whence, by the common Consent of Mankind, Rewards are affixed to the one, and Punishments to the other: And according as Men govern their Actions in relation to these cssential Differences of good and Evil,


so are their Hopes and their Fears. The Practice
of Virtue is attended not only with present Quiet
and Satisfaction, but with the comfortable Hope of
a future Recompence; the Commiilion of any wick-
ed Action, though never fo fecret, fits uneasy up-
on the Mind, and fills it full of Horror and
Amazement: All which would be very unaccount-
able, without the natural Apprehention and Ac-
knowledgment of future Rewardsand Punishments.
And it must be from this Principle, that many of
the Heathens esteemed Virtue and Honesty dearer
than Life, with all the Advantages of it, and ab-
horred Villany and Impiety worse than Death.
Betides, the Dispensations of God's Providence to-
wards Men in this World are very promis uous; good
Men often suffer, and that even for the Sake of
Righteousness; and bad Men as frequently prosper
and flourish, and that by the Means of their Wick-
edness. So that to clear the Justice of God's Pro-
ceedings, it seems reasonable there should be a future
Judgment for a suitable Distribution of Rewards
and Punishments. And this Principle of a Judg-
ment to come, Justin Mariyr propounds to the Gen- Ad Græc.
tiles, as generally acknowledged by all their Writers, p. 1
and as the great Encouragement for his Apology
for the Christian Religion.

Q. How does it appear from Scripture that there
ball be a general Judgment?

A. God hath given Assurance unto all Men, that Acts xvii. be will judge the World by Jesus Christ, in that ke baths raised him from the Dead. And the Process of Mat. xxv. that great Day, with several of the particular Circumstances of it, are fully described by our Saviour. St. Paul declares expressly, that we mul all ap- Rom. xiv. pear and fand before the Judgment-feat of Christ. St. 2. Cor. v. Peter, that the Day of the Lord hall come, in which 10 ibe Hcavons shall pass away with a great Noile, 10. anił the Elements fall melt with fervent Heat. No

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2 Pet. iii.

Doctrine more clear and express, and fundamental Heb.vi. 5. in the Word of God, than that of eternal Judgment.

Q. When shall this general Judgment be?

A. At the End of the World. When the State of our Trial and Probation shall be finished, it will be a proper Season for the Distribution of public

Justice, for the rewarding all those with eternal Rom. ii. Life, who by patient Continuance in well-doing, seek for 7, 8, 9.

Glory, and Honour and Immortality; and for rendering to them that obey not the Truth, but obey Unrighteoufness, Indignation and Wrath, Tribulation and Anguish.

Q. But if every Man upon his Death shall pass into a State of Happiness or Misery, what Need is there of a general Judgment ?

A. Though it is plain from Scripture, that good Men, when they die, pass into a State of Happiness, and bad Men into a State of Misery; yet all the Declarations of our Saviour and his Apostles concerning Judgment, with the Parables that relate to it, planly refer to the last and general Judgment; for then it is only that the whole Man shall be completely happy, or completely miserable : Then it is that the Bodies of Men thall be raised, and as they have been Partakers with the Soul cither in obeying or offending God, so shall they then share in the. Rewards or Punishments of it; and then only can the Degrees and Measures of their Happiness and Misery be truly adjusted; for even after Death the Effects of Men's good or bad Actions may add to their Punithment, or increase their Reward; by the good or bad Examples they have given, by the good or bad Books they have writ, by the Foundations they have established for Piety and Virtue, or by the Cuitoms they have introduced to countenance Vice and Immorality. Then itis that the Reasonableness of God's Providence, in relation to the Sufferings of good Men inthis World, will be fully justified, and

hisGoodnessasamplycleared in those severe Punishments thatthall be eternallyinflicted upon the Wicked. Morever, this general Judgment is necessary to display the Majesty and Glory of our Blessed Saviour; that by this public Act of Honour and Authority, he may receive some Recompence for theContempt and Ignominy which he met with from a wicked and ungrateful World; and that his despised Servants may be owned by him in the Sight of Angels and Men,tothegreatConfution of all those miserable Wretches, that ihall than be doomed to everlasting Torments; that public Justice may be done to those Virtues their Humility took care to conceal, which were sullied by the Calumnies and Slanders of malicious Men; and which, by the false Judgment of the World, were represented as the Effects of Folly and Extravagance. But I may add farther, when God has plainly declared that there shall be a general Judgment; notwithstanding that good Men upon their Death go into a State of Happiness, and bad Men into a State of Misery; it is absolutely necessary Men should entirely believe it, granting that they were not able to assign any Realons to justify such a Procedure.

Q. To whom hath God committed ibe Administration of this Judgment ?

A. The Lord Jesus Christ is constituted by God to adıninister the Judgment of the GreatDay. God will judge the World in Righteousness by that Man, Jesus Aas xvii. 'Chrift, whom he hath ordained. The Son of Man Mall Mat. xvi. come in the Glory of his Father with his boly Angels, and 43; iben shall be reward every Man according to his works. Joh. v. 22. The Father judgeth no Man, but barb cornmitted all Judgment unto the Son. The Apostles were commanded to preach unto the People and testify, that it is Jesus AEts x. 42. ibat is ordained of God to be the Judge of Quick and Dead. And the Tribunal is called the Judgment-seat Rom. xiv. of Chrift. By which Text it plainly appears,




that though the Right of judgingus belongs to God, whose Servants and Subjects we are, yet the Execution of this judiciary Power is particularly committed to the Son of Man, who is the second Person in the blessed Trinity.

Q. Why is the Administration of this Judgment

committed to the Lord Jesus Christ? Joli. v. 23.

A. That all Men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father, and because he is the Son of Man. That our blessed Saviour might receive public Honour, in that Nature wherein he suffered; that he, who for our Sakes stood before an earthly Tribunal, might therefore be constituted Judge of the whole World ; that he, who was despised and rejected of Men, might appear in the Glory of his Father, attended with an innumerable Train of holy Angels; that he, who was condemned and crucified to abfolve us, might receive Authority to absolve and condemn the whole Race of Mankind: And because, being clothed with a human Body, he will makea visible Appearance, which will be suitable to the other Circumstances of the great Day; all which will be performed in a visible Manner. Beíides, Mankind being judged by one of their own Nature, a Manlike themselves touched with a Feelingoftheir Infirmities, greatly declares the Equity of this Judgment, because heunderstands all our Circumstances, and whatever may influence our Case to extenuate or aggravate our Guilt.

Q. Who are those that shall be judged ? Jude, ver. 4. Angels and all Mankind. The fallen Angels

are reserved in everlasting Chains under Darkness, unto

ihe Judgment of the great Day. And St. Pau! says, 1 Cor. vi. Know ye not that we shall judge Angels; that is, lit

with Christ, andapprove that Sentence he shallthen pronounce against them? And all Men that have

everlived in the World, and those that shall be alive Afat. xxv. at our Saviour's Coming, shall be gathered before bim,





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