Words and the Poet: Characteristic Techniques of Style in Vergil's Aeneid
Clarendon Press, 1998 - 209 strán (strany)
Throughout his vast literary output, to a surprising extent, Vergil avoided artifacts of poetic diction like archaism and grecism, preferring instead ordinary language that grew from the common stock of the Latin tongue such as colloquialisms and prosaisms. This remarkably coherent and readable study identifies and categorizes such diction in Vergil's writings showing further how such comparatively unpromising material was converted by the poet's methods of "combination" (unctura) into poetry. In a critical analysis, Lyne draws parallels between Horace's procedures in combining works to "make them new," and Vergil's bold combinations which veritably extort unexpected and novel sense.
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Achilles Aeneas Aeneid Allecto allusion Apollo Axelson Bitias Cacus caducus Caesar Carm Catull Catullus Cicero clipeus colloquial combination congemo coniunx connotations context contrast simile correspondences dead death denotation Dido Dido's edax effect Ennius ensis epic Epist everyday example exploits extorts eye-catching fact Fränkel furiae Furies Further Voices geminus gladius harvest Hector heroes Homer Horace Horace's Iliad illustrative function implies infer Juno Juno's language Latin latro Lavinia's literal Livy Lucr Lucretius Lyne metaphor Mezentius mutabilis narrates narrative through imagery occido ordinary Ovid Pallas peripeteia periphrasis phrase pilum Plautus poem poetic diction poetry poets Prop Propertius prosaic word prosaism prose quoted R. D. Williams refers Roman scutum sense Serm Servius simile's spoken tongue Stat Sthenelus suggestive term trespass Trojans Turnus uulnus uxor uxorius verb Verg Vergil Vergilian wound δὲ καὶ ὡς