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NYASALAND PROTECTORATE.

Administration. 3 Provincial Commissioners, 8001. by 501. to 1,0001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 37 Administrative Officers, 3001. for 2 years, then 4009. by 201. to 5001. by 251. to 6001.* by 257. to 7001, quarters, or allowance in lieu.

Secretariat. 1st Assistant Secretary, 7001. by 251. to 8001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 2nd Assistant Secretary, 5001. by 251. to 6001., quarters, or allowance in lieu.

TANGANYIKA TERRITORY.

Administration. 9 Senior Commissioners, 8001. by 501. to 1,0001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 105 Administrative Officers, 3001. for 2 years, then 4001. by 201. to 5001, by 251. to 6007.* by 251. to 7001., quarters, or allowance in lieu.

Secretariat. 1 Assistant Chief Secretary, 8001, by 501. to 1,0001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 7 Assistant Secretaries, 3001. for 2 years, then 4001. by 201. to 5001. by 251. to 6001.* by 251. to 7004., quarters, or allowance in lieu.

SOMALILAND. Vacancies in the Administrative Service of Somaliland are rare and are normally filled either by promotion within the Protectorate or by transfer from the Service of some other Dependency.

NIGERIA.

Administration. 1 Lientenant-Governor, S. Province, 2,4001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty pay, 6001. 1 Lieutenant. Governor, N. Province, 2,4001., quarters, or allowance in lieu., duty pay, 6001. 10 Senior Residents, 1,4001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty pay, 2801. 29 Residents, 1,2001., quarters or allowance in lieu, duty pay, 2401. 285 Administrative Officers (title varies according to seniority and actual duties performed. During

the period of probation an administrative Officer is known as a Cadet); 3 Land Officers, 6001. for 3 years on probation, then, if confirmed, 5701. rising by annual increments of 301. to 7201. and thence by annual increments of 401. to 9601. There are efficiency bars in this scale at 6001., 7201. and 8404, quarters, or allowance in lieu, Officers who have passed the 7201. bar receive in addition, seniority allowance (non-pensionable) at the rate of 721. per annum while on duty in Nigeria.

Secretariat. 1 Chief Secretary to the Government, 2,4001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty pay, 6001. 2 Secretaries (one for Northern and one for Southern Provinces), 1 Secretary for Native Affairs,

1 Deputy Chief Secretary, 1,4001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty pay, 2801. 3 Principal Assistant Secretaries, 1 Assistant Secretary for Native Affairs, 1,2001., quarters, or

allowance in lieu, duty pay, 2401. 2 Senior Assistant Secretaries, 1,0501., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty pay, 2101. 26 Assistant Secretaries, Officers holding these posts receive the same salary as Administrative Officers

and are interchangeable with them. The establishment for Assistant Secretaries is in addition to that for Administrative Officers, but candidates should apply for appointment in the latter capacity. A candidate selected for the Administrative Staff may be appointed to the Secretariat in the first instance.

GOLD COAST.

Administration. 2 Chief Commissioners, 1,6001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 3201. 2 Deputy Chief Commissioners, 1,3501., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 2701. 7 Provincial Commissioners, 1,2001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance 2401. 7 Deputy Provincial Commissioners, 1,050, quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 2001. 82 District and Assistant District Commissioners, 001. for 3 years, then 5701, by 301. to 7201. by 40%.

to 9601. There are efficiency bars in this scale at 6001., 7201. and 8401., quarters, or allowance in lieu, Officers who have passed the 7201. bar receive in addition seniority allowance (non-pensionable) at the rate of 721. a year while on duty in the Gold Coast.

N.B.-The number of posts for Deputy Chief Commissioners, Deputy Provincial Commissioners and District and Assistant District Commissioners may be slightly reduced in the near future.

Secretariat. 1 Colonial Secretary, 1,8001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 3601. 1 Secretary for Native Affairs, 1,3501., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 2701. 1 Chief Assistant Colonial Secretary, 1,2007., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 240%. 1 Deputy Secretary for Native Affairs, 1,0501., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 2101. 3 Senior Assistant Colonial Secretaries, 1,0501., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 2104. 7 Assistant Colonial Secretaries, 1 Assistant Secretary for Native Affairs, 5001, for 3 years, then 570.

by 301, to 7201. by 401. to 9601., efficiency bars as above, quarters, or allowance in lieu, Officers who have passed the 7201. bar receive in addition seniority allowance (non-pensionable) at the rate of 721. a year while on duty in the Gold Coast. All Assistant Colonial Secretaries receive a secretariat allowance of 1201. a year.

Subject to the passing of an "efficiency" bar at 6001.

SIERRA LEONE.

Administration. 3 Provisional Commissioners, 1,1001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 2201. 24 District and Assistant District Commissioners, 5001. for 3 years, then 5701. by 301. to 7201. by 401.

tu 9601. There are efficiency bars in this scale at 6001., 7201. and 8401., quarters, or allowance in lieu, Officers who have passed the 7201. bar receive in addition a seniority allowance (nonpensionable) at the rate of 721. a year while on duty in Sierra Leone.

Secretariat. 1 Colonial Secretary, 1,4001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 2801. 1 Senior Assistant Colonial Secretary, 9601., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 961. 3 Assistant Colonial Secretaries, 5001. for 3 years, then 5701. by 301. to 7201. by 401. to 9601.

Efficiency bars as above, quarters, or allowance in lieu, Seniority allowance as for District; and Assistant District Commissioners.

GAMBIA.

Administration, 5 Travelling Commissioners, 6001. by 301. to 7201. by 401. to 9601., quarters, or allowance in lieu,

Officers who have passed the bar at 7201. receive in addition a seniority allowance (non-pensionable)

of 721, a year while on duty in the Gambia. 2 Assistant Travelling Commissioners, 5001. for 3 years, then 5701., rising to 9602. as above. There

are efficiency bars in this scale at 6001., 7201. and 840/., quarters, or allowance in lieu, Officers who have passed the bar at 7201. receive in addition a seniority allowance (non-pensionable) at the rate of 721. a year while on duty in the Gambia.

Secretariat. 1 Colonial Secretary, 1,0001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 2001. 1 Senior Assistant Colonial Secretary, 6601. by 301. to 7201. by 401. to 8001., quarters, or allowance in

lieu, Seniority allowance as for Travelling Commissioners. 1 Junior Assistant Colonial Secretary, 5101, by 301. to 7201. Efficiency bar, as above, quarters, or

allowance in lieu.

3. In addition to these salaries quarters are provided free of rent, or an allowance is given in lieu • Free first-class passages are provided for the officers selected on proceeding to take up their appointments and when proceeding on or returning to Africa from leave.

Officers appointed to East Africa receive an allowance of 301. towards the cost of outfit on first appointment, provided that their initial salary does not exceed 5001. Officers appointed to Nigeria, the Gold Coast, and the Gambia receive an outfit allowance of 601. on first appointment, provided that their initial salary does not exceed 7201.

DUTIES, 4. The duties of an administrative officer are of a very varied character. He is the immediate agent of the Government in his district, and his responsibility extends to all departments of the Administration which have not a special representative of their own at his station. Thus, in addition to his primary functions (a) of magistrate, and (b) of political officer (i.c., the officer responsible for the maintenance of satisfactory relations between the natives and the central administration), he may be called upon to take charge of a detachment of police; to perform the duties of accountant for his district; to superintend the district prisons; to supervise road construction, the clearing of waterways, or other public works. In the Northern Provinces of Nigeria, Sierra Leone and the East African Dependencies, an important part of the administrative officer's duties consists in the assessment and collection of the land revenue and hut, poll or other direct tax. Every officer is expected to do a certain amount of travelling, in the course of which he inspects the outlying portions of his district, transacts any necessary business with native chiefs, settles disputes between individuals or communities, and generally deals with all matters requiring the personal attention of a representative of the Government on the spot. Free transport is provided within the limitations laid down by the local regulations, or, in districts where horses are a convenient means of transport, an officer may be required to keep a horse, for the keep of which he receives an allowance. Special arrangements exist in some parts of East Africa as regards motor transport.

VACANCIES. .). In normal years, about 100 vacancies may be expected annually, principally in April, August and December. During 1923, and possibly 1924, this number will in all probability be greatly reduced, owing to the severe economy which is being practised by all the Tropical African Colonies and Protectorates, selected candidates are required to undergo a course of instruction in London of about three months'duration before taking up their appointments. The subjects comprise tropical hygiene; accounting; criminal law-evidence and procedure ; tropical economic products ; surveying; international law; Mohammedan law; and ethnology. Candidates receive an allowance at the rate of £20 a month while undergoing instruction.

Candidates should note that the majority of vacancies occur in Nigeria, the Gold Coast, Kenya, Uganda and the Tanganyika Territory. Vacancies in the other Dependencies are comparatively rare, and vacancies in West Africa are usually much more numerous than in East Africa, as the staffs are larger.

PART IV.

APPOINTMENTS IN THE POLICE FORCES OF EAST AND WEST AFRICA. 1. These appointments form the bulk of the Police appointments in the Colonial Service for which the Secretary of State selects candidates, apart from those in the Far Eastern Colonies and West Indies (see Part II). Applications should be made to the Assistant Private Secretary (Appointments), Colonial Office. The higher posts in these services are almost invariably filled by promotion, and applications should be confined to appointment in the junior commissioned ranks.

2. The following details of the establishments of police forces are given for the convenience of intending applicants :-

EAST AFRICA. KENYA COLONY AND PROTECTORATE (FORMERLY “EAST AFRICA PROTECTORATE ") POLICE. 1 Commissioner, 9001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 1 Assistant Commissioner, 7001. by 251. to 8001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 8 Superintendents, 5001. by 251. to 7001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 12 Assistant Superintendents and Cadets, * 3001. for 2 years on probation, and then 4001, by 204. to

5001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 1 Quartermaster, 4001. by 201. to 5001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. +8 Inspectors, 3001. by 151. to 4001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, uniform allowance of 101. a year. +12 Assistant Inspectors, 2501. by 151. to 3001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, uniform allowance of 104. a year.

NYASALAND PROTECTORATE POLICE. 1 Chief Commissioner and Chief Inspector of Prisons, 7001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 1 Depot Superintendent, 4001, by 201. to 5001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 11 Superintendents, Assistant Superintendents and Cadets, * 3001. for 2 years on probation, and then

4001. by 201. to 5001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 1 Controller, 450!. by 201. to 5501., quarters, or allowance in lieu.

TANGANYIKA TERRITORY POLICE. 1 Commissioner, 1,0001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 1 Assistant Commissioner, 7001. by 251. to 8001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 5 Superintendents, 5001. by 251. to 7001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 10 Assistant Superintendents, 4001. by 201. to 5001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 1 Pay and Quartermaster, 4001. by 201. to 5001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. #15 Inspectors, 3001. by 151. to 4001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, uniform allowance of 101. a year. 134 Assistant Inspectors, 2501, by 151. to 3001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, uniform allowance of

101. a year

UGANDA PROTECTORATE POLICE. 1 Commissioner, 9001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, 1001. a year (pensionable) for charge of prisons. 1 Assistant Commissioner, 7501., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 6 Superintendents, 5001. by 25l, to 7001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 11 Assistant Superintendents and Cadets,* 3001, for 2 years on probation, and then 4002. by 202. to

5001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 1 Quartermaster, 4001. by 201. to 5001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 15 Inspectors, 3001. by 151, to 4001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, uniform allowance of 101. a year. 18 Assistant Inspectors, 2501. by 151. to 3001., quarters, or allowance in lieu., uniform allowance of 10%. a year.

SOMALILAND PROTECTORATE POLICE. 1 Commandant, 7001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 1 Assistant Commandant, 5001, by 251, to 6001., quarters, or allowance in lieu. 5 District Police Officers and Cadets, * 3001. for 2 years on probation, and then 4007. by 201. to 500., quarters, or allowance in lieu.

ZANZIBAR PROTECTORATE POLICE.
Commandant, 7001., quarters, or allowance in lieu.
Assistant Commandant, 4501. by 201. to 5507., quarters, or allowance in lieu.

WEST AFRICA.

NIGERIA POLICE.

Northern Provinces. 1 Inspector-General, 1,0001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 2001.8 1 Deputy Inspector-General, 9601., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 961.8

* Cadets with previous police experience may, if recommendedi, be placed on the scale 4001. to 5001, before completing 2 years on probation, provided that they pass the necessary tests.

These rank as non-commissioned officers. Promotion to commissioned rank is given in special cases only.

In the Tanganyika Territory appointments to commissioned rank are made by promotion rom the nonunmissioned ranks, and first appointments are made to the post of Assistant Inspector only.

$ Horse allowance at the rate of 38. a day is given to officers who are required to keep a horse.

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23 Commissioners (with title of Assistant Commissioner up to 6001. bar), 4501. for 3 years, then, if

confirmed, 5101., rising by annual increments of 301. to 7201., and thence by annual increments of 401. to 9201., with efficiency bars at 6001., 7201. and 8401., quarters, or allowance in lieu. Officers who have passed the 7201. efficiency bar receive, in addition, a Seniority Allowance (non-pensionable) at the rate of 721. p.a. while on duty in Nigeria. S

Southern Provinces. 1 Inspector-General, 1,2001., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance, 2401.8 1 Deputy Inspector-General, 9601., quarters, or allowance in lieu, duty allowance 961.8 24 Commissioners (with title of Assistant Commissioner up to 6001. bar), 4501. for 3 years, then, if

confirmed, 5101., rising by annual increments of 301. to 7201., and thence by annual increments of 401. to 9201., with efficiency bars at 6001., 7201. and 8401., quarters, or allowance in lieu. Officers who have passed the 7201. efficiency bar receive in addition seniority allowance (non-pensionable) while on duty in Nigeria.§

GOLD COAST POLICE. 1 Inspector-General, 1,2001., quarters, duty allowance, 2401. 1 Deputy Inspector-General, 9601., quarters, duty allowance, 961. 1 Staff Instructor, 1 Assistant Staff Instructor, 4 Commissioners, 12 Assistant Commissioners, 4501.

for 3 years, then, if confirmed, 5101., by 301. to 7207. by 401. to 9201., quarters. Efficiency bars at 6002., 7201. and 8401. Officers who have passed the 7201. efficiency bar receive in addition seniority allowance (non-pensionable) at the rate of 721. a year while on duty in the Colony.

In addition to these salaries quarters are provided free of rent, or an allowance is given in lieu. Free first-class passages are provided for the officers selected on proceeding to take up their appoint. ments and when proceeding on or returning to Africa from leave.

Officers appointed to East Africa receive an allowance of 301. towards the cost of outfit on first appointment, provided that their initial salary does not exceed 5001. Officers appointed to Nigeria and the Gambia receive an outfit allowance of 601. on first appointment, provided that their initial salary does not exceed 7201. Assistant Commissioners of Police on first appointment to the Gold Goast, receive an issue of free uniform in place of outfit allowance.

PART V.

GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING APPOINTMENTS IN EAST AND

WEST AFRICA.

AGE LIMITS. 1. As previously stated, candidates for Administrative, Police, Treasury, Customs and most of the other ordinary junior appointments in Tropical Africa should be between the ages of 22 and 35. Preference is given to candidates under the age of 30.

QUARTERS. 2. Quarters free of rent or an allowance on lieu, are provided in the case of all the above appointments in East and West Africa.

DUTY ALLOWANCE. 3. In East Africa there is no duty allowance, but officers acting in a higher post than their own receive acting allowances as follows : (a) If the salary of the higher post is fixed, half the difference between the officer's salary and that

of the post; (6) If the salary of the higher post is incremental, the difference between the officer's own salary

and the minimum of the scale of salary attached to the post. Duty allowance in West Africa is attached to the highest appointments and the staff posts. It is drawn by the officer discharging the duties of the appointment for the time being. Officers in the

long grade,” are frequently called upon to act for the substantive holders of these appointments during their temporary absence, and they then draw the duty allowance provided.

OUTFIT ALLOWANCE. 4. Officers appointed to East Africa receive an allowance of 301. towards the cost of outfit on first appointment, provided that their initial salary does not exceed 5001. Officers appointed to Nigeria, the Gold Coast*, and the Gambia receive an outfit allowance of 601. on first appointment, provided that their initial salary does not exceed 7201.

PASSAGES. 5. East Africa.-Free passages are provided for the officer only. A married officer whose salary is 5001.t a year or less, may be granted one-and-a-half times the cost of a passage, via Suez, and he may then make arrangements for his own and his wife's passage by whatever class he wishes.

Horse allowance at the rate of 38. a day is given to officers who are required to keep a horse.

Assistant Commissioners of Police, on first appointment to the Gold Coast, receive an issue of free uniform in lieu of ontfit allowance.

As a temporary arrangement liable to reconsideration after the 31st March, 1923, this concession is extended to officers with salaries up to 7001, a year.

West Africa.- Free first-class passages are provided for the officer only. A married officer will in certain circumstances be granted half the cost of his wife's passage to or from West Africa. N.B.—These regulations do not apply to N.C.O. appointments in the Police Force.

1 LEAVE. 6. East Africa.-Leave of absence on full salary is granted in the normal case after a tour !! residential service (varying from 20 to 30 months at the discretion of the Governor) at the rate o: five days for each completed month of residence (or two and a half days when for any reason the officer is not returning to East Africa) exclusive of the periods of the voyages to and fro.

Officers serving in Uganda, Zanzibar, the Tanganyika Territory, and in certain stations in Kenya and Nyasaland are allowed six or three days' leave in respect of each month of service insteau e. five days or two and a half days respectively.

In Somaliland seven or three and a half days' leave are granted in respect of each month of service
The normal tour of service in Somaliland is twelve to fifteen months.

West Africa.-European officers in West Africa may be granted vacation leave on full salar not exceeding in all one week's leave in the United Kingdom for every completed calendar month o total residential service in West Africa, plus the time necessarily taken on the journey to the Unita Kingdom, and, if the officer is returning to West Africa for further service, the time necessar taken on the journey from the United Kingdom to the Colony.

Vacation leave may be granted without any special grounds after 18 consecutive calendar month of residential service in West Africa. An officer will not be required to serve a tour of more than 4 consecutive calendar months' residential service except in special circumstances ; and the Governer may grant vacation leave to any officer at any time after he has completed 12 consecutive calenda: months' residential service. Within the above limits, the actual length of each officer's tour will be at the discretion of the Governor.

Vacation leave on full salary may also be granted to an officer if he is invalided from West Africa after less than 12 consecutive calendar months' residential service.

In addition, sick leave on full salary may be granted for any period not exceeding six calenda: months, and where there is reason to believe that the officer will ultimately be fit to return to West Africa, such leave may be extended with half salary for a further period not exceeding six calendar months.

In addition to the leave mentioned above, local leave may be granted in certain cases up to 27 days in any one tour.

PENSIONS. 7. East Africa. The grant of pensions to officers of the East African Dependencies is governed by the principles of the Imperial Superannuation Acts of 1859, 1876 and 1887, i e., pensions are caletilated at the rate of 1.67th of the retiring salary* plus 15 per cent.t of the initial salary of the appointment in respect of free quarters, for every year of service, two completed years of service counting as three for pension purposes. Pensions are not granted to officers who retire before the ag of 50 years, or before the completion of 20 years' East African service (whichever is earlier), except i a medical certificate, and if an officer is retired on medical certificate before completing 10 years service, a gratuity (not a pension) is granted.

There is a contributary scheme for widows' and orphans' pensions, and with a few exceptions, all European officers selected for appointment are obliged to contribute.

West Africa.-All appointments on the regular establishment are pensionable, and an officer is at liberty to retire on attaining the age of 50 years. Earlier retirement in the event of ill-health is also provided for. Pensions are computed on the scale at 1-480th of the officer's pensionable emola. ments at the time of retirement from the West African Service for every completed month of pensionable service in West Africa, or, under certain conditions, at the option of the officer a gratuits of one year's pensionable emoluments plus a pension of 4-5ths of the above rate. There is a contri butory scheme for widows' and orphans' pensions, and, with a few exceptions, all European officers selected for appointment on or after the 1st of January, 1914, are obliged to contribute.

CURRENCY.
(i) In East Africa the currency in different Dependencies varies.

In Kenya, Uganda, and the Tanganyika Territory an East African shilling (equivalent to one twentieth of a pound sterling) is the standard coin. Sterling salaries and allowances are issued locally in respect of resident service at a fixed rate of twenty shillings to the pound sterling, and as : temporary measure a special local allowance of 25 per cent. is paid on all sterling salaries and allow ances so issued up to the 31st March, 1923. After that date the allowance will be reduced to a average of 15 per cent. of sterling salaries and allowances issued in respect of resident service, but it is proposed to arrange for the adoption of a sliding scale giving a larger percentage of local allowaną on low salaries than on high salaries. The question of the continuance or otherwise of the allowana will be subject to review on the 31st March, 1924.

In Zanzibar and Somaliland the standard coin is the Indian rupee, the exchange value of which is relation to sterling fluctuates. At present sterling salaries and allowances are issued locally in respect of resident service at a fixed rate of 15 rupees to the pound sterling. This arrangement will be reconsidered if necessary in the light of any fluctuations in the exchange value of the rupee. A

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* In certain circumstances an average is taken instead of the actual retiring salary.

+ As a special temporary arrangement this addition (for pension purposes only) has been raised to 30 per
cent. of initial salary for two years from the 1st of January, 1922. Thereafter it will be reduced at six-montby

.
intervals until the normal 15 per cent is reached at the end of 1926.

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