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who was then the Secretary of State dealing with the Home affairs of the Department, was appointed “Secretary for War," and also nominally Secretary of State for the Colonies ; but the Departments of War and the Colonies were not actually united until 1801, when Lord Hobart was created Secretary of State for the War and Colonial Department. From 1794 the “Committee for Trade and Foreign Plantations" (now known as the Board of Trade) gradually ceased to have any connection with Colonial affairs.

From the conclusion of the French War the attention of the Secretary of State was chiefly occupied with the Colonies, and he was usually designated as Secretary of State for the Colonies. In 1854 a fourth principal Secretaryship of State was created, the Secretaryship for War ; the affairs of the Colonies have since constituted the entire charge of a principal Secretary of State. When the third Secretaryship of State was created in 1794 he had only one Under Secretary of State assigned to his Department. In 1806 an additional Under Secretary of State was appointed, thus bringing his establishment to the level of the Home and Foreign Departments. This appointment was discontinued after the end of the French War, but was re-established in 1825. This second Under Secretaryship is held by an officer changing with the Government. An Assistant Under Secretary of State was appointed in 1847, and a Legal Adviser was added in 1867, and made an Assistant Under Secretary of State in 1870. A third Assistant Under Secretary of State was appointed in 1874, and a fourth in 1898. A new post, that of Assistant to the Legal Assistant Under Secretary of State, was created in 1897. In 1907 the office was divided into the Dominions, Crown Colonies, and General Divisions, and a new post, that of Secretary to the Imperial Conference, was created. In 1911 a Legal Adviser was appointed in place of the Legal Assistant Under Secretary of State and the number of Assistant Under Secretaries of State was reduced to two. The number was again raised to three in 1916. On 1st March, 1921, when the affairs of the Middle East (including Iraq and Palestine) were placed under the Colonial Office, a fourth Assistant Under Secretary of State was appointed provisionally.

During 1922, the arrangements for carrying out the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty between Great Britain and Ireland, signed on 6th December, 1921, were placed by H. M. Government under the supervision of the Secretary of State for the Colonies. Upon the passing of the Irish Free State Constitution Act 1922 (Session 2) (13 Geo. V ch. 1), and upon the exercise by the Government of Northern Ireland of the option provided in Article 12 of the Treaty, the Secretary of State for the Colonies became responsible for business relating to the Irish Free State and the Secretary of State for Home Affairs for business relating to Northern Ireland. The Staff of the Colonial Office is shown on pages XV

to xix.

The Permanent Under Secretary of State, Assistant Under Secretaries of State, Legal Adviser and Legal Assistant are Staff Officers selected by the Secretary of State. The rest of the Administrative and the Clerical Staff is recruited after competitive examinations held by the Civil Service Commissioners, from whom particulars can be obtained.

The present offices in Downing Street were occupied in 1875.

SECRETARIES OF STATE WHO ADMINISTERED THE AFFAIRS OF THE

COLONIES BETWEEN 1768 AND 1794. 1768. Feb. 27. Wills Earl of Hillsborough (after- | 1783, April 18. Frederick Lord North (afterwards wards Marquis of Downshire).

Earl of Guildford). 1772, Aug. 27. William Earl of Dartmouth.

1783, Dec. 23. Francis Marquis of Caermarthen 1776, Jan. 25. Lord George Sackville Germaine

(afterwards Duke of Leeds). (afterwards Visct. Sackville). 1782, March 8. Welbore Ellis, Esq. (afterwards 1784, Jan. 22. Thomas Lord Sydney. Lord Mendip).

1789, June 5. William Wyndham Grenville 1782, April 15. William Earl of Shelburne.

(afterwards Lord Grenville). 1782, July 17. Thomas Lord Grantham.

1791, June 8. Henry Dundas (afterwards Visct. 1782, Oct. 5. Thomas Townshend (afterwards

Melville).
Lord Sydney).

1794, Aug. 7. William Henry Duke of Portland.

SECRETARIES OF STATE FOR THE COLONIAL AND WAR DEPARTMENTS

FROM 1794 To 1854. 1794. Right Hou. Henry Dundas (afterwards ! 1830. Viscount Goderich (afterwards Earl of Viscount Melville).

Ripon). 1801. Lord Hobart (afterwards Earl of Bucking. 1833. Right Hon. E. G. Stanley (afterwards hamshire),

Earl of Derby). 1804. Earl (afterwards Marquess) Camden. 1834. Right Hon. Thomas Spring Rice (afterwards 1805. Viscount Castlereagh (afterwards Marquess

Lord Monteagle). of Londonderry).

Earl of Aberdeen. 1806. Right Hon. W. Windham.

1835. Right Hon. Chas. Grant (afterwards Lord 1807. Viscount Castlereagh (afterwards Marquess

Glenelg). of Londonderry).

1839. Marquess of Normanby. 1809. Earl of Liverpool.

Lord John Russell(afterwards Earl Russell), 1812. Earl Bathurst.

1841. Lord Stanley (afterwards Earl of Derby), 1827. Right Hon. F. R. Robinson (afterwards 1815. Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone. Earl of Ripon).

18-16. Earl Grey. Right Hon. W. Huskisson.

1852. Right Hon. Sir John S. Pakington, Bart. 1828. Right Hon. Sir George Murray.

(afterwards Lord Hampton). 1852. Duke of Newcastle.

SECRETARIES OF STATE FOR THE COLONIES FROM 1854.

1854, June 10. 1855, Feb.

1855, March.

July 21.

Nov. 17.

1858, Feb. 26.

1858, May 31.

1859, June 18. 1864, April 4.

Right Hon. Sir G. Grey, Bart. 1886. Feb. 6.
Right Hon, Sidney Herbert (after- | 1886, Aug. 3.

wards Lord Herbert of Lea).
Lord John Russell (afterwaris ! 1887, Jan. 14.

Earl Russell, K.G., G.C.M.G.)
Right Hon. Sir William Moles-

worth, Bart.
Right Hon. Henry Labouchere

(afterwards Lord Taunton). 1892, Aug. 17.
Lord Stanley (afterwards Earl of 1895, June 28.

Derby).
Right Hon. Sir Edward Bulwer 1903, Oct. 9.

Lytton, Bart. (afterwards Lord
Lytton, G.C.M.G.)

1905, Dec. 11.
Duke of Newcastle, K.G.
Right Hon. Edward Cardwell | 1908, Apr. 16.

(afterwards Viscount Cardwell).
Earl of Carnarvon.

1910, Nov. 7.
Duke of Buckingham & Chandos.
Earl Granville, K.G.
Earl of Kimberley, K.G. 1915, May 27.
Earl of Carnarvon:
Right Hon. Sir Michael E. Hicks. 1916, Dec. 11.

Beach. Bart., M.P. (afterwards
Earl St. Aldwyn).

1919, Jan, 14.
Earl of Kimberley, K.G.
Earl of Derby, K.G.

1921, Feb. 14.
Right Hon. Colonel Sir F. A.

Stanley, G.C.B. (afterwards | 1922, Oct. 25.
Lord Stanley of Preston, and
subsequently Earl of Derby).

Earl Granville, K.G.
Right Hon. Edward Stanhope,

M.P.
Right Hon. Sir Henry Thurstan

Holland, Bart.,G.C.M.G.,M.P.
(created
Baron

Knutsford, 1888, and Viscount Knutsford,

1895).
The Marquess of Ripon, K.G.
Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain,

M.P.
Right Hon. Alfred Lyttelton,

K.C., M.P.
The Earlof Elginand Kincardine,

K.G., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E.
The Earl (now Marquess) of

Crewe, K.G.
Right Hon. Lewis Harcourt, M.P.

(afterwards Viscount Har

court).
Right Hon. A. Bonar Law,

M.P.
Right Hon. W.

H. Long
M.P.
Viscount Milner, G.C.B.,

G.C.M.G. (now K.G.)
Right Hon. Winston S.Churchill,

M.P.
Duke of Devonshire, K.G.,

G.C.M.G., G.C.V.O.

1866, July 6. 1867, March 8. 1868, Dec. 10. 1870, July 6. 1874, Feb. 21. 1878, Feb. 4.

1880, April 28. 1882, Dec. 16. 1885, June 24,

UNDER-SECRETARIES OF STATE FOR THE COLONIES.

Permanent. 1825. Robert William Hay.

1900. Sir Montagu F. Ommanney, G.C.M.G., 1836. Right Hon. Sir James Stephen, K.C.B.

K.C.B., I.S.O. 1847. Herman Merivale, C.B.

1907. Sir Francis J. S. Hopwood, G.C.M.G., 1859. Sir Frederic Rogers, Bart., G.C.M.G.

K.C.B.(now Rt. Hon. Lord Southborough, (afterwards Lord Blachford).

G.C.B., G.C.M.G., G.C.V.O. 1871. Hon. Sir Robt. G. Wyndham Herbert, 1911. Sir John Anderson, G.O.M.G., K.C.B. G.C.B.

1916. Sir George V. Fiddes, G.C.M.G., 1892. Hon. Sir R. H. Meade, G.C.B.

K.C.B. 1897. Sir Edward Wingfield, K.C.B.

1921. Sir J, E. Masterton Smith, K.C.B.

Parliamentary. 1830. Viscount Howick (Earl Grey).

1881. Right Hon. Leonard H. Courtney, M.P. 1833. Sir John Shaw Lefevre, K.C.B.

(afterwards Lord Courtney). 1834. Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone.

1882. Hon. (afterwards Rt. Hon.) Evelyn Ashley, 1835. Sir George Grey, Bart.

M.P. 1839. Right Hon. Henry Labouchere (afterwards 1885. Earl of Dunraven, K.P. Lord Taunton):

1886. Right Hon. G. Osborne Morgan (afterwards 1839. Right Hon. Herbert Vernon Smith (after

Sir G. Osborne Morgan, Bart., M.P:) wards Lord Lyveden).

1886. Earl of Dunraven, K.P. 1841. George William Hope, M.P.

1887. Earl of Onslow, K.C.M.G. 1845. Lord Lyttelton, K.C.M.G.

1888. Right Hon. Baron Henry de Worms, M.P. 1846. Benjamin Hawes, M.P.

(created Baron Pirbright, 1895). 1851. Right Hon. Sir Frederick Peel, K.C.M.G. 1892. Sidney Charles Buxton, M.P. (now 1855. John Ball.

Eari Buxton, P.C., G.C.M.G.) 1857. Right Hon. Chichester S. Fortescue (after. 1895. Earl of Selborne. wards Lord Carlingford).

1900. Earl of Onslow, G.C.M.G. 1858. Earl of Carnarvon.

1903. Duke of Marlborough, K.G. 1859. Right Hon. Chichester S. Fortescue (Lord 1905. Right Hon. Winston S. Churchill, M.P. Carlingford).

1908. Col. the Right Hon. J. E. B. Seely.D.S.O., 1865. Right Hon. W. E. Forster, M.P.

M.P. (now Maj.-Genl. the Right Hon. 1866. Right Hon. Sir C. B. Adderley, K.C.M.G., J. E. B. Seely, C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O.) M.P: (Lord Norton).

1911. Lord Lucas, 1868. Right Hon. W. Monsell (afterwards Lord 1911. Lord Emmott, P.C., G.C.M.G. Emly).

1914. Lord Islington, P.C., G.C.M.G., D.S.O. 1871: Right Hon. E. H: Knatchbull-Hugessen, 1915. Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland, Bt., M.P.

M.P. (afterwards Lord Brabourne). 1917. W. A. S. Hewins, M.P. 1874. Right Hon: James Lowther, M.P.

1919. Lt.-Col. L. C. M. S. Amery, M.P. 1878. Earl Cadogan.

1921. Hon. E. F. L. Wood, M.P. 1830. Right Hon. Sir M. E. Grant Duff, G.C.S.I. 1922. Hon. W. G. A. Ormsby-Gore, M.P.

Assistant. 1819-68. Sir T. Frederick Elliot, K.C.M.G.

1892-97. Edward Fairfield, C.B., C.M.G. 1868-70. Right Hon. Sir F. R. Sandford, K.C.B. 1897-07. Frederick Graham, C.B. (afterwards Sir (afterwards Lord Sandford).

Frederick Graham, K.C.B.). 1870-1. Hon. R. G. W. Herbert (afterwards 1897-11. Sir Charles Prestwood Lucas, K.C.M.G., Sir R. G. W. Herbert, G.C.B.).

C.B. (now K.C.B.). 1870-4. H.T. Holland (afterwards Sir H. Holland, 1897-11. Hugh Bertram Cox, C.B.

Bart., and Viscount Knutsford, 1898-09. Sir Reginald Laurence Antrobus,
G.C.M.G.).

K.C.M.G., C.B. 1871-92. Hon. R. H. Meade, C.B. (afterwards Sir 1907-16. Sir Hartmann W. Just, K.C.M.G., R. H. Meade, G.C.B.).

C.B. 1874-8. W. R. Malcolm.

1909-16. Sir George Vandeleur Fiddes, K.C.M.G., 1874-6. Sir Julian Pauncefote, Kt. Bach. (after

C.B. (now G.C.M.G., K.C.B.). wards Lord Pauncefote, G.C.B., 1916, Sir Herbert J. Read, K.C.M.G., C.B. G.C.M.G.).

1916. Sir Gilbert E. A. Grindle, K.C.M.G., 1876-97. Sir John Bramston, G.C.M.G., C.B.

C.B. 1878-97. Edward Wingfield, C.B. (afterwards Sir 1916-21. Sir Henry Lambert, K.C.M.G., C.B. Edward Wingfield, K.C.B.).

1921. C. T. Davis, C.M.G.

The total estimated expenditure on the Colonial Office (apart from the Middle Eastern Department) for the year 1922-23 was £146,993 (Civil Service Estimates, Class II., Vote 7).

A sum of £527,644 was provided for Oversea Settlement.
A sum of £10,363,100 was provided for the Middle Eastern Services (Class V., Vote 3).

Other expenditure in connection with the Colonies appears in Class V., Vote 2, Colonial Services, £1,865,598.

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THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COLONIAL OFFICE.
Secretary of State, The Duke of Devonshire, K.G., P.C., G.C.M.G.,G.C.V.0. 25 Oct., 1922.
Under-Secretaries , The Hon. W. G. A. Ormsby-Gore, M.P.

31 Oct., 1922. of State Sir James E. Masterton Smith, K.C.B.*

30 Aug., 1921. Assistant UnderSir Herbert J. Read, K.C.M.G., C.B.

10 Mar., 1916. Sir Gilbert E. A. Grindle, K.C.M.G., C.B. Secretaries of

4 June, 1916. State C. T. Davis, C.M.G.

1 Dec., 1921. Sir John E. Shuckburgh, K.C.M.G.,C.B.II (Temporary) 1 Mar., 1921. Legal Adviser, Sir J S. Risley, K.C.M.G., C B., K.C.

19 May, 1911. Personal Adviser to the Secretary of State on Business questions, Sir James Stevenson, Bart., G.C.M.G.

2 May, 1921. Legal Assistant, H. G. Bushe

1 Jan., 1919. Private Secretary to the Secretary of State, E. H. Marsh, C.B., C.M.G., C.V.0.

25 Oct., 1922. W.C. Hankinson, M.C.

1 Mar., 1923. Assistant The Marquess of Hartington, M.B.E.

14 Feb. 1923. Private Major R. D. Furse, D.S.O. (Appointments) Secretaries A. F. New bolt (Appointments)

25 Oct., 1922. G. N. Irby (Appointments)

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C. Strachey, C.B. .

19 Nov., 98 1 Jan., 1907 A. E. Collins, M.A., C.M.G.

i1 June, 94

19 Nov., 98 3 May, 1907 W.D. Ellis, M.A., C.M.G.

1 April, 95 20 Dec., 99 1 Feb., 1909 J. F. N. Green, B.A.

11 Mar., 96 16 June, 1902 10 Mar., 1916 T.C. Macnaghten, B.A.,C.M.G.,C.B.E.it 13 Sept., 96 24 Mar., 1904 6 July, 1917 A. Fiddian, B.A.

, 97 3 May, 1907 1 Nov., 1917 W. C. Bottomley, B.A., C.M.G.O.B.E. 22 Oct., 1901

2 Jan., 1913 8 Dec., 1917 E, R, Darnley, B.A., B.Sc.

13 Oct., 98 30 June, 1909 1 Jan., 1920 A. J. Harding, M.A., O.B.E.

25 Oct., 1901 12 Oct., 1914 1 April, 1920 H, R. Cowell, B.A.

27 Mar., 1902 10 Mar., 1916 1 April, 1920 E. J. Harding, M.A., c.m.g.

31 May, 1904 4 June, 1916 1 Dec., 1921 Major H. W. Young, C.M.G., D.S.O.||

1 Mar., 1921 (tem.) R. V. Vernon a

11 April, 1921 (tem.) H. F. Batterbee, M.A., C.M.G., c. v.o. 18 May, 1905 6 July, 1917 1 Mar., 1923 (actg.) E. H. Marsh, M.A., C.B., C.M.G., 29 Sept., 96 1 April, 1905

C.V.0.**
A. C. C. Parkinson, M.A., O.B.E. 19 April, 1909 8 Dec., 1917
J. E. W. Flood, B.A.

10 Oct., 1910 15 Oct., 1918
0. G. R. Williams, B.A.

3 Mar., 1911 1 April, 1919 R. A. Wiseman, B.A.

22 Mar., 1911 1 Jan., 1920 C. W. Dixon, M.A., M.B.E.:

11 Oct., 1911 1 Jan., 1920 H. N. Tait, B.A.

4 Mar., 1912 1 April, 1920 E. G. S. Mächtig, B, A, M.B.E..

15 Oct., 1912 1 April, 1920 J. A. Calder, M.A.

20 Nov., 1912 1 April, 1920 H. F. Downie, B.A.

2 Dec., 1912 1 April, 1920 A. Cooke, B.A.

13 Oct., 1913 1 April, 1920 H. Beckett, B.A. .

30 Nov., 1914 1 April, 1920 H. T. Allen

16 June, 1916 1 April, 1920 G. L. M. Clauson, B.A., 0.B.E.

21 Feb., 1919 1 April, 1920 G. A. Jones

14 Mar., 1919 1 April, 1920 C. J. Jeffries

16 July, 1919 1 April, 1920 • Accounting Officer for the Colonial Office and Colonial Services Votes. 11 Seconded temporarily from India Office for service in connection with the Middle East. Acting as

Accounting Officer for the Vote for Middle Eastern Services. † Prior to 1st April, 1920, these appointments were designated Second Class Clerkships, First Class

Clerkships, and Principal Clerkships, respectively. # Vice-Chairman of the Oversea Settlement Committee, and Accounting Officer for Oversea Settlement

Services Vote. Seconded temporarily from the Indian Army for service in connection with the Middle East. ** Private Secretary to Secretary of State. a Seconded temporarily froin Board of Education for service in connection with the Middle East.

Name.

Assistant
Principals.

+Principals.

tAssistant Secretaries.

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.

A. J. Dawe, B.A.
R. W. Bullard, C.I.E. 1:
F. J. Howard, O.B.E. c.
L. B. Freeston, B.A.
J. E. Stephenson, B.A.
J. B. Sidebotham
N. E. Archer,
J. J. Paskin, B.A.,

m.c.
C. R. Price, B.A.
S. M. Campbell, M.A.: :
E. B. Boyd, M.A.
R. R. Sedgwick, M.A.
J. H. Hall, B.A., D.S.O., M.C.
W. C. Hankinson, M.A., M.C.S
A. B. Acheson
P. Liesching, B.A.
E. A. Simson, A.F.C.
M. E. Antrobus, B.A.
L. J. Barnes, B.A., M.C.
G. F. Seel
G. E. J. Gent, D.s.o., N.C.
A. Bevir, B.A.
T. I. K. Llovd
S. L. Holmes, B.A.; M.C.
P. A. Clutterbuck, M.C.
G. H. Creasy.

13 Mar., 1922*

1 Dec., 1921
29 Mar., 1921
1 Mar., 1921
31 Jan., 1920
13 Jan., 1920
4 Apr., 1922*
17 Feb., 1921
14 Feb., 1920
12 Jan., 1920
26 July, 1920
3 Aug., 1920
7 Feb., 1921
1 Mar., 1921
9 Jan., 1922*
19 July, 1920
9 Feb., 1921
1 Dec., 1921*
7 Feb., 1921
13 Feb., 1922*
26 July, 1920

16 Aug.,

A. L. Ayton d

1920 * Date of temporary secondment from another Government Department. Date of actual appointment

to Colonial Otfice is 21st December, 1922.
+ Prior to 1st April, 1920, these appointments were designatel Second Class Clerkships, First Class

Clerkships, and cipal Clerkships, respectively.
Private Secretary to Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State.
I Prirate Secretary to Permanent Under-Secretary of State.
$ Assistant Privute Secretary to Secretary of State.

Secouded temporarily from the Foreign Office for service in connection with the Middle East.
c Seconded temporarily from the War Office for service in connection with the Middle East.
d Appointed under Clause 51 of the Report of the Reorganisation Committee of the Civil Service

National Whitley Council.

Accountant, W. H. Eggett, I.S.O., O.B.E. Assistant Accountant, M. J. Drayson.
Librarian, E. E. Wilkinson, M.B.E.

Assistant Librarian, E, B. Burley.
Chief Registrar, W. F. Westbrook.

Supervisor of Copying, A. W. May, M.B.E, Superintendent of the Printing Branch, T.

Wilson, I.S.O.
Stati Officers :
A. E. Reynolds. J. H. Thompson.

R. F. Jenkins. W'. E. Hobson, L. J. Brearley.

A. H. Bridgman.

E. R. Edmonds.
M.B.E.
H. E. Houghton. A. H. Boyd.

L. G. Allen.
J.A. Smith,M.B.E. F. R. Fairclough. F. W. Brett.

P. E. Richards. S. R. Pughe. W. J. Bigg.

F. H. McLean (act- H. F. W. Nash. W. R. Shipway. R. H. Burt.

ing).

G. W. Henlen. J. Hunter

H. W'. Thompson. H. Palmer (acting). S. W. Smith.
M. Jewell.
F. Farmer.

J. Megson (acting). L. V. Martin.
J. H. Emmens.
N. L. Mayle.

H. F. Goddard. F. H. Harper,

Clerical Oficers (Lower C. G. W. Laurence. M.B.E.

Grade):

G. J. Lunnon. E. H. Howell. Supplementary Clerks:A. E. Gaunt.

Leadbetter,
C. M. Hatcher (act-
J. Carden.
S. F. Chandler.

E. N. Horne.
H. F. Wood.
ing).

W. G. Head.

C. F. Haddrill.
S. A. Pilbeam.

E. Lesster.
Staff Clerk
Clerical Officers (Higher M. A. Greenhill.

R. A. Thorne. V. H. Boyse. (rad):-

S. F. Whitcombe. W. D. Cooper.
G. C. Green.
F. Kennedy.

F. J. Ireland. Second Division Clerks : W. H. Bickle.

J. E. King

P. R. Clipsham.
W. E. Noall.
B. C. G. Perry.

H. I. H. Titchener. P. Maynard,
R. A. Hamblin.
E. Fleming.
T. J. Hardy.

C. E. Pooley.
G. Venning.
E. J. Allies.
F. V. Shergold.

D. K. Malone. W. H. Harman. K. S. Minter. G. Bryant.

W. H. Churms. li Seconded for service in South Africa.

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