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Obituary. Death Of Henry Howard, Esq., of CORBY.-We have this week the painful duty of recording the death of our highly valued and long-esteemed neighbour, Henry Howard, Esq., of Corby Castle-a gentleman whose virlue and talents were as generally appreciated as they were extensively kuown. He died at his seat, Corby Castle, near this city, on Tuesday morning last (1st March), in the 85th year of his age, in the enjoyment of a reputation for piety, patriotism, and virtue, higher than almost any other man within our knowledge has attained, and to which the daily practice of a long life bad fully entitled him.
Mr. Howard was born on the 2nd July, 1757; and was the eldest son of Philip Howard, and Ann, daughter of Henry Witham, Esq., of Cliff, in the county of York. To trace his lineage through a long line of ancestors, would be to enumerate the families of the noblest and most venerated names that adorn our English annals. The direct descent of the Corby branch of the Howard family is from Sir Francis Howard, second son of Lord William Howard (commonly called “Belted Will Howard”), the celebrated Warden of the Western Marches in the time of James the First, third son of Thomas, fourth Duke of Norfolk, and Elizabeth, third daughter of Thomas Lord Dacre, of the North, sister and co-beir of George, the last Lord Dacre,- the family of the Earl of Carlisle being descended from the eldest son of the same noble pair.
At the period of Mr. Howard's birth the penal laws against the Catholics were in their full rigour; and, like most Catholics of his status, he was sent, at the proper age (in 1767), to receive his education at the celebrated establishment of the English Benedictine Monks at Douay, and afterwards to the University of Paris. We may here remark, as strongly evincing the altered state of the times, that amongst the most vivid of Mr. Howard's early recollections, was that of having seen the bleached heads of some of the parties who took share in the rebellion of '45, stuck over the ancient gates of Carlisle.* And it is still more worthy of remark, that England at ibat day refused the services of some of her worthiest sons, on account of their religious opinions! This was strongly exemplified in the case of Mr. Howard. On quitting the University, his ambition was to distinguish himself in the military profession; but he was a Catholic, and the door of promotion in the English army was closed against him-no man of that persuasion being at that time permitted to rise even to the dignity, of a corporal! To this circumstance Mr. Howard ibus alludes in the Appendix to his “ Historical References in support of the Catholic Religion :"
“We (the Catholics) were all obliged, before 1788, to seek for education abroad, and, consequently, seldom saw home or parents for six or eight years. The army being my choice, I did not see either for more than three days during ten years. I was sent to the Teresian Academy at Vienna ; but neither my father, his relatives, nor the kind endeavours of that excellent gentleman, Sir Robert Murray Keith, our ambassador, under whose eye I had been for four years, could obtain leave for me to serve in our army: I even, in 1779, offered to serve as a volunteer in America, but did not receive any encourage
“ In 1783, the late Duke of Norfolk tried to obtain for me admission into the German part of the military establishment of his Royal Highness the Duke of York. * At last I had to give up my favourite object :
* Sir Walter Scott beautifully alludes to this “mummery of exposing the senseless head,” in a speech he puts into the mouth of Fergus M’Ivor, on the day of his execution :—“Ay, they will set it on the Scotch Gate, that I may look, even after death, to the blue hills of my native country, which I love so dearly.”
thus, the best part of my life had passed away in unavailing attempts; and when later I endeavoured, through the kind offices of Sir George Howard, to procure a commission for a very fine young man, my brother, I found it still inadmissible. In the hope of more favourable times, he entered into the Sardinian service; but there, in a small village in Piedmont, was carried off by a fever, without having a single Englishman near him.”. “ A seat in parliament, in my neighbourhood, was offered to me in a very flattering manner, with other advantages, which the law forced me reluctantly to decline. Like other Catholic gentlemen, when the laws respecting us began to be relaxed in their execution, I served in the militia, went to Ireland, and afterwards, by the friendship of many distinguished gentlemen of this county, who placed themselves under my command, I formed a volunteer corps (the Cumberland Rangers), and we served till peace broke us up.* Such, par force, has been my inefficient life.”
And what a reflection upon our country, that such a man should have been compelled to live an “inefficient life,” simply because he bowed at the same altar at which his forefathers had worshipped! In a manuscript note to the passage above quoted, now in our possession, and which appears to have been written prior to the passing of the Catholic Emancipation Bill in 1829, Mr. Howard says—“All offices accompanied by personal peril are now open to us, and we are most thankful for the right to expose our lives for the service of our country in the post of honour; but we should also aspire to and be desirous to partake of the advantages and occupations of peaceful life under the shade and protection of our ancient, free, and generous-minded constitution." ;
While at Vienna, Mr. Howard was treated with much personal kindness by. the great Empress Maria Theresa, and formed an acquaintance with many distinguished men of various nations, who afterwards became conspicuous actors in the events consequent on the French revolution. He pursued his favourite studies with characteristic ardour, and repeated offers were made to him of service in the Austrian army, by Marshal Wurmzer and other commanders; but these were declined in the hope that he might be permitted to serve in the army of his native country.--How bitterly these hopes were disappointed, through the operation of laws as absurd as they were cruel, we have just seen.
On his return to England Mr. Howard took an active part in the political movements of this country; became a member of the celebrated society called the " Friends of the People,” in conjunction with the present Earl Grey, Charles James Fox, and other distinguished leaders of the Whig party; and bis name was amongst the first appended to the celebrated petition for parlia-: mentary reform. To the same party he continued attached to his last hour; and was ever found the active, zealous, and consistent advocate of those principles of civil and religious liberty which he professed in his earliest days. In the political struggles of his native county he took a deep interest and an active part; and his high character and unsullied integrity gave lustre to the cause in which he was engaged. But, though decided and unswerving in his own political opinions, no man could be more tolerant to the opinions and motives of others; and we believe we may with safety add, that he passed through a long life without having made a single enemy.
Mr. Howard was distinguished by his great love for, and his successful cul
* In 1808 a handsome silver cup, with appropriate emblems, the gift of the officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates of the Cumberland Rangers, was presented to their Colonel-Commandant, Mr. Howard, in the Castle Yard. The cup was presented in the name of the corp3, by Lord Wallace, who delivered an eloquent and spirit-stirring address on the occasion.
tivation of literature; and his knowledge both of ancient and modern languages was extensive. His first appearance as an author was in some translations in verse from the German; and we have read in manuscript, for we believe it was never published, his translation from the same language of the historical drama of “Goetz of Berlichingen." He wrote and published a treatise on Light Infantry movements, which was, we believe, much esteemed amongst military men; and in 1824 he published his “ Remarks on the Erroneous Opinions entertained respecting the Catholic Religion,” -a work displaying at once the mildness and forgiving spirit of the true Christian, the research of the scholar, and the love of civil liberty of the patriot. This was followed, in 1826, by his “ Historical References in support of the Catholic Religion," - also a work of deep and varied research, and which materially aided in fixing public opinion in favour of Catholic emancipation. His latter years have been principally occupied in collecting materials for his “Memorials of the Howard Family,”—a work which was printed for private circulation, and to which he has made many valuable additions from the papers in the State Paper Office, and other national records. It throws a new light npon many of the transactions of that interesting portion of our annals comprised in the 15th and 16th centuries. This work has been frequently referred to by historical students, as one of great authority. Mr. Howard also contributed many valuable papers to the Antiquarian Society.
In all modern improvements Mr. Howard took a deep interest; and there were few more enthusiastic than he in the promotion of the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway-an undertaking which was nost materially aided by his support.
As a private country gentleman, no man was ever more respected than Mr. Howard. His kindness and hospitality, his gentlemanly and unaffected manners, his readiness to promote the welfare of all around him, the purity of his life, and the integrity of his character, had won for him the affections of all who in any way came within the sphere of his influence, and caused him to be looked up to with the veneration of a father. He was, in short, the true representative of that class, now fast dwindling away, which every man pictures to himself under the appellation of the “ Fine old English gentlemanone of the olden time.”
Mr. Howard's last days were those of peace and Christian resignation. He watched the approach of death with calmness, and without apprehension. His faculties remained perfect to the last; and he may be said to have passed into eternity without pain or suffering
for so tranquilly did he pass away, that his attendants were for some time unconscious that the vital spark had fled.
Mr. Howard was twice married-first in 1788, to Maria third daughter and co-heiress of Andrew, the last Baron Archer of Umberslade, who died the fola lowing year in giving birth to her first child. Mr. Howard married secondly Catharine Mary, second daughter to Sir Richard Neave, Bart. of Dagnam Park, county of Essex, who survives to mourn the loss of one of the most affectionate of busbands. By this lady he leaves issue four children : Philip Henry, M.P. for the city of Carlisle ; Catharine, married to the Hon. Philip Stourton ; Emma Agnes, married to the Right Hon. Lord Petre ; Henry Francis, attached to her Majesty's Legation at Berlin, married in 1832, Sevilla, fourth daughter to Lord Erskine, Minister plenipotentiary at Munich, who died at Berlin in 1835; secondly he married in 1841, Maria Ernestine, fourth daughter to Baron von der Schulenberg of Primeron ; Adeliza Maria, married in 1830, to Henry Petre, Esq., of Dunkenhalgh, county of Lancaster, died in 1835.
OBSEQUIES of the late H. HOWARD, Esq.—The remains of this venerable gentleman were interred in the family vault at Wetheral, on Tuesday
the 8th. In compliance with the directions of the deceased, the invitations to the funeral did not extend beyond the tenantry upon the estate; it being however generally understood that the family of the deceased would look upon the voluntary attendance of others as a mark of respect to his memory, great numbers of persons from Carlisle and the neighbourhood, proceeded to Corby by the early train.
The corporation of Carlisle met in the Town-hall a little after nine o'clock, and it was resolved that the council should attend the funeral of the late Mr. Howard, as a mark of the respect and veneration in which his memory was held by that body.
A room in the castle, adjoining the noble library, had been fitted up as a mortuary chapel; and here the body of the deceased, enclosed in a very handsome coffin, was placed. Here, on Monday, the impressive funeral service, according to the ritual of the Catholic Church, was performed with great solemnity. The Rev. William Ryan, of St. Mary's, Warwick Bridge, officiated; and was assisted by the Rev. Joseph Marshall, of Carlisle; the Rev. G. Leo Haydock, of Penryth; the Rev. E. Kelly, of Wigton; and the Rev. Joseph Cullen, of Carlisle.
The coffin was covered with black velvet, and had large massive silver handles. At the head was a cross, in silver tissue: and beneath it a shield, bearing the following inscription :
1st day of March, 1842. Below the shield was a monogram, composed of the Greek characters X and Pinterwoven, being the two first letters in the name of Christ, with the letters Alpha and Omega (the beginning and the end) at the sides of it. This is a device frequently met with in the toinbs of early Christians, found in the Catacombs, and is intended as a symbol of the Christian's hope in the redemption through Christ. At the foot of the coffin were the initial letters of the words "Requiescat in pace.” “May he rest in peace,"-a pious aspiration frequently placed by Catholics on the coffins and tombs of the deceased.
A little before twelve o'clock the mournful procession left the Castle. The coffin was placed in a hearse drawn by four black horses. The chief mourners were P. H, Howard, Esq., M.P. (eldest son of the deceased), the Hon. Philip Stourton, the Hon. Frederick Petre (son of Lord Petre, and grandson of the deceased—his father being unable to attend in consequence of illness), and Henry Petre, Esq., of Dunkenhalgh, Lancashire.
The pall-bearers were William Ponsonby Johnson, Esq., of Walton House ; Thomas H. Graham, Esq., of Edmund Castle ; John Dixon, Esq., of Knells; Fergus Graham, Esq., of Carlisle ; Major Maclean, of Carlisle; Peter Dixon, Esq., of Warwick Bridge; the Rev. William Graham, of Arthuret; and G. G. Mounsey, Esq., of Carlisle.
We understand that Lord Wallace expressed his deep regret that the extremely delicate state of his health would not, with safety, pemit him to pay the last sad tribute of respect to his departed friend. His lordship and the deceased had been on the most intimate terms for a period exceeding half a century.
About thirteen carriages followed the hearse and a great number of the tenantry, wearing black hatbands and gloves, on horseback and on foot, formed in the procession, which consisted of several hundred persons. The