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Phil. ji


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12. Rom.

SER M. the guidance and assistance of his grace enabling us

VI. to withstand it, and to overcome it. The law of the Heb. ii Spirit of life in Christ Jesus (saith St. Paul) hath freed Rom. viii. me from the law of fin and death. He infuses a light 2.Cor. iv. 6. discussing those fogs which steam from carnal sense 1 Cor. ii. and appetite ; so that we may clearly difcern divine i John ii. truths, the will of God, the way to happiness: he 27. inserteth principles of spiritual life and strength, Eph. v. 8. Rom. zi.2. counterpoifing and overswaying corporeal and sen

John v. 3. sual propensions ; so that we can restrain sensual dePhil. iv. 15: fires, and coinpose irregular passions, and submit 2 Cor. iii. readily to God's will, and observe cheerfully God's Heb. xiii. law, and freely comply with the dictates of the Spi21; rit, or of right reason; he so continually aideth, enColoff. iii. courageth and upholds us, that we can do all things

ht, through Christ that strengtheneth us ; so that by his Rom. vi. 6, power and help the flesh with its affections and lusts are

wit crucified; the earthly members are mortified; the old 13. man (which was corrupted according to deceitful lufts) is Heb. xii. 1. Eph. iv. 23. Pur

put off; the body of fin is so destroyed, that henceforth ii. 10. we should not ferve fin; sin doth not reign in our mortal Coloft. iii.

bodies, so that we (must) obey it in the lufts thereof; we are renewed in the spirit of our minds; and do put on the new man, which is created according to God in

righteousness and true holiness. Heb. xii. 4. Our Sins also are very grievous enemies of ours, ngos, loading us with heavy guilt, stinging us with bitter rzywvığóms- remorse and anxious fear, keeping us under misera

ble bondage, exposing us to extreme mischief and misery; them our Lord hath also routed and vanquifhed: in regard to this performance was the name

Jesus assigned to him; as the Angel told Joseph : Matt. i. 21. She shall bear a Son, and thou shalt call his name Jefus,

1. for he shall save his people from their fins: [Fronı their

fins ; taking in all the causes and the consequences of them ; 5 from all those spiritual enemies, which

draw και ο Χριστός ο υιός το Θιά ο Κύριος ημών τω γίνει των ανθρώπων δια του ιδίου πάθους πληρεσάτην απίδωκε την σωτηρίαν, ίνα όλον τον άνθρωπος της



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et. ii.

1. 10.


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IX. 26, 28.

draw us, or drive us into them; from the guilt and S ER M. obnoxiousness to punishment, the terror and an- vi. guish of conscience, the wrath and displeasure ofGod following upon them, the slavery under their dominion, the final condemnation and sufferance of grievous pains for them ;] the guilt of fin he particularly freed us from ; for he loved us, and washed us Rev. i. 5. from our fins in his own blood. Christ died for finners, (for us then being finners,) that is, that he might deliver us from our fins, with all their causes, adjuncts, and consequences. He bare our fins on his own body 1 Pet. i. 19. on the tree; the blood of Christ cleanseth us from all fin; ";s. he is the propitiation for our fins, and for the fins of the 1 John i. 7. whole world; he was manifested to take away our fins; iv.

Goc. ij. 2. iii. 5. once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put Heb. j. 3: away fin (eis Témnou au aptías, to the abolition of fin) R

un DJ") Rom. iii. by the facrifice of himself ; we are justified freely by 24. God's grace, through the redemption that is in Chrift Rom. iv. s; Jefus ; by his obedience many are constituted righteous, 6, 7. (or free from the guilt and imputation of fin;) he juftifies the ungodly; covering their fins, and not imputing them unto them. So doth he wipe away the guilt of fin; and he voids the condemnation passed for them; for there is no condenination to them that are in Rom. viii. Chrif Jefus ; who is there that can condemn, fince', 34. Chrif hath died, or rather hath rijen again?

He hath also appeased God's wrath for sin, and removed the effects of it, (the punishment and vengeance due to fin and threatened for it :) so that being enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of Rom. v. 10. his Son; being justified by faith, we have peace with". God, through our Lord Jesus Chrift : Jesus is the ó 1 Thef. i. puéjevos, who delivers us from the wrath to come ; Rom. being justified by his blood, we shall be saved by him from wrath.

The strength and dominion of fin he hath also


spapriaus irzómsvou váong ipagrias insgeçmon. Damafus Epift. apud Tbeod. 5.9.



ji, 15.

SERM. broken, by the grace afforded us, whereby we are vi. able to resist and avoid it: so that fin henceforth fall

not domineer over us, or reign in our mortal body: Being 14, 12, 18, freed from fin, we are ensaved to righteousness, and 22, 6.

made servants to God. The body of fin is destroyed, so that we no longer serve fin. Whence consequently he hath subdued, utterly weakened, or quite destroyed (as to any force or mischievous influence upon us) those other adversaries, which depend upon sin, and by its power oppose and affict us.

Our Conscience is such an enemy accufing us, condemning us, vexing us with the memory and sense of fin; suggesting to us the depth of our guilt, and the danger of our state, terrifying us with the expectation of punishment and vengeance : but our Lord (by securing us of mercy and favour upon re

pentance and sincere obedience) hath silenced and Heb.ix. 14. stilled this adversary; hath by his blood (as the Apo

stle to the Hebrews says) purged our conscience from dead works ; hath delivered them, who through fear of death were all their life-time subject to bondage; so that thence we obtain a steady peace of mind, a joyful

satisfaction in the service of God, a comfortable hope Rom xv. of future bliss: peace, comfort, and joy are the adjuncts Rom. xiv. of that state he shall put us into, and the fruits of

that spirit he bestoweth on us. Gal. v. 22. Gal. ii. 16. The Law also (in its rigour, as requiring exact

obedience, and as denouncing vengeance to them Heb. vii. 19. who in any point violate it) is, by reason of our Rom. Rom. viii."

Mhweakness and inability so perfectly to observe it, an 3. Gal. iii. 12. enemy to us ; justifying no man, perfecting no man,

sing, aggravating, quickening, declaring Rom. vii. fin; yielding occasion to fin of killing us, working wrath, Kom.iv.is. ministering death and condemnation, subječting us to a iii. 20. v. curse, (as St. Paul teacheth us :) but our Lord, by mi20. vii. 7, 8, 10, 11. tigating and abating the extreme rigour thereof, by 1 Cor xv. procuring an acceptance of sincere (though not ac2 Cor. iii. curate) obedience, by purchasing and dispensing pardon for transgression thereof upon repentance, by



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v. 3.



7, 9.

Rom. iv. 6.

conferring competent strength and ability to perform S ERM. it in an acceptable degree, hath brought under this VI. adversary; hath redeemed us from the curse of the law; – hath justified and imputed righteousness to us without the Gal. iii, 12, works of the law, (without such punctual perform-Rom. iii. ances as the law exacts :) we are delivered from the 21, 28. law, (as to those effects of it; the condemning, discou- Rom. vii. raging, ensaving us, we cease to be under the law, 6, 4.

W, Rom. vi, 14. (in those respects,) being under grace, being led by Gal. v. 18. the Spirit, as St. Paul tells us. The Law indeed is still our rule, our guide, our governor ; we are obliged to follow and obey it; but it ceases to be a tyrant over us, a tormentor of us.

Death is also an enemy, (the last enemy, faith St, 1 Cor. xv. Paul, which shall be destroyed, is death,) the enemy, 26. which naturally we most fear and abominate ; that which would utterly destroy us.

This enemy our Lord hath vanquished and de- Aas ii. 24. stroyed : by his death and resurrection he opened . Cor. XV.

cu 20. the way to a happy immortality; he abolised death, Col. i. 18. and brought life and immortality to light by the Gospel: Aes i: is.

7. Apoc. i. 5. He by his death defeated him that had the power of Aexnyos death; and delivered them, who by fear of death were borim. i. through their whole life subject to bondage; he pulled 10. out fin, which is the sting of death, and reversed the sentence of condemnation, to which we all stood obnoxious. The wages of fin (that which we had de- Rom. vi. served, and was by law due to us for it) was death ; 23. but the gift of God is everlasting life, by Jesus Chrift our Lord.

Lastly, Hell, (that is, utter darkness, extreme discomfort, intolerable and endless misery,) the most dismal of all enemies, our Lord hath, by the virtue of his merits, and the power of his grace, put us into a capacity of avoiding; he hath (as St. Paul before i Theffa i. tells us) delivered us from the wrath to come. O Hell, 1Cor. xv. where is thy victory? Death and Hell fhall be caft into 55.

Apoc, XI. the lake of fire. Thus hath our Lord in our behalf vanquished



SERM. and defeated every thing that is opposite, or prejudiVI. cial to our salvation and welfare. Many indeed of

these things do in a more immediate, more peculiar, and more signal manner concern the faithful members of the Christian Church, and are directly applied to them; yet all of them in some sort, according to God's design, and in respect to a remote capacity, may be referred to all men. They are benefits which God intended for all men, and which all men (if they be not faulty and wanting to themselves) may obtain. How they more especially appertain to the faithful, we may shew afterward.

APPLICATION. 1. Hence ariseth great matter and cause of glorifying God; both from the thing itself, and its extent; for the magnitude of beneficence is to be estimated, not only according to the degree of quality, but according to its amplitude of object : to redeem any doth fignify goodness, to redeem many doth increase it, to redeem all doth advance it to the highest pitch; the more are obliged, the greater is the glory due to the benefactor.

Hence the earth being full of the goodness of the Lord, the Lord being gracious unto all, and his mercy being over all his works, all creatures partaking of God's bounty, is so often infifted upon in those divine hymns, as a ground of praise to God.

Some so do indeed speak of glorifying God for his discriminating grace, as if grace the narrower it were, the better it were : but is not selfishness and envy at the bottom of this? Is not this the dispotion of those in the Gospel, who murnured is thinie eye evil because mine is good?

It is dangerous to restrain God's benevolence and beneficence within bounds narrower than they really are; thereby diminishing his glory. 2. Hereby is discovered the general obligation of


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