History of the Eighteenth Century and of the Nineteenth Till the Overthrow of the French Empire: With Particular Reference to Mental Cultivation and Progress, Zväzok 3
Chapman and Hall, 1844
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able according advantage affairs afterwards alliance allies already ambassador appeared army attack Austria Bavaria became brought called carried cause Charles command completely concluded condition conduct continued count court Danes death Denmark duke Dutch elector emperor empire enemy England English entered Eugene favour force France Frederick French friends gained gave German give given Görz hand head Holstein honour immediately imperial influence Italy king king Augustus length letter Louis maintained manner means minister negotiations nobles obliged obtained occasion officers Paris parliament Parma party passed peace persons Peter Philip plans Poland possession powers present prince promised Prussia queen received regarded remained respect Rhine Russians Saxons sent soon Spain Spanish succession suffered Sweden Swedish taken tion took treaty troops views whilst whole wholly wished
Strana 121 - ... were the most favourable events which could have occurred for the accomplishment of Peter's great plans. He was now master in Poland. In the Swedish, German, and French adventurers who had been in Charles's army, he received the very best instructors of his people. Among those who entered into his service, there were experienced officers, artillerymen, architects, and engineers. The Swedes, who for thirteen years long were neither set at liberty nor received from their impoverished country the...
Strana 497 - After he had hung six minutes he was cut down, and, having life in him as he lay upon the block, to be quartered, the executioner gave him several blows on his breast, which not having the effect designed, he immediately cut his throat ; after which he took his head off; then ripped him open, and. took out his bowels and heart, and threw them into a fire, which consumed them ; then he slashed his four quarters, and put them with the head into. a coffin...
Strana 170 - Peter from keeping the sea, and incessantly harassing the Swedes before the eyes of their naval allies. The Swedish oligarchs and their mock king* had reckoned in vain upon the intercession of the English ambassador, and the aid of the admiral and his fleet. Carteret was not even listened to by Peter, and admiral Norris did not venture to attack the Russians, because he knew that the English nation was dissatisfied with the politics of their king and of his ministers, who favoured his Hanoverian...
Strana 119 - Falls (Zaparogians) against him; and Piper entreated him, to no purpose, to draw nearer to the Poles, who were favourable to his cause, and to march towards the Dnieper; he continued, however, to sacrifice his men by his march, till, in February (1709), a thaw set in. He was successful in gaining the favour of the Zaparogians through their hetman, Horodenski; but fortune had altogether forsaken the Swedes since January.
Strana 118 - Desna ; the country on the further side became more and more desolate, and appearances more melancholy, for the winter was one of the most severe; hundreds of brave Swedes were frozen to death because Charles insisted upon pursuing his march even in December and January. The civil war in Poland in the mean time raged more violently than ever, and Peter sent divisions of his Russians to harass and persecute the partisans of Stanislaus. The three men who stood in most immediate relation to the Swedish...
Strana 171 - The Swedes had demanded a cessation of hostilities' during the whole time in which the negotiations were pending, but Peter only granted it till May, 1721, in order to compel the council of state to come to a resolution by that time ; and as they still procrastinated, the whole coast of Sweden was again plundered and devastated in the month of June. The Russian incendiaries landed in sight of the English, whose fleet, under admiral Norris, still continued in the Baltic, but did not venture to lend...
Strana 138 - ... with the army as his own substitute, recommended him to provide magazines, to spare the country, and to punish every act of violence with death. This, however, was all to no purpose, as Mentchikof emulated the common Russians in robbery and destruction. He compelled the inhabitants of Dantzig to pay him 400,000 dollars, and Peter extorted 100,000 from Riga ; but again, in the commencement of the following year, offered the emperor of Germany 30,000 Russians to serve against...
Strana 120 - Dnieper, and accompanied by a small guard, to take refuge in Turkey. His plan was to reach the Bug over the pasture lands which then belonged to the Tatars on the Black Sea, and, aided by the Turks and the Tatars, to make his way first to Otchakov and then to Bender, whence he hoped to persuade the Turks to take part in the Polish affairs.
Strana 496 - Non possidentem multa vocaveris Recte beatum; rectius occupat Nomen beati, qui deorum Muneribus sapienter uti Duramque callet pauperiem pati Peiusque leto flagitium timet, Non ille pro caris amicis Aut patria timidus perire.
Strana 172 - Bestuzhev was powerful in the Swedish council, and at the same time, in compliance with the wishes of his master, allured artists, artisans, workmen, and all those who had been deprived of occupation or ruined by the late inroads of the Russians, to remove with their tools, manufactures, and trades to Russia. Peter employed these people in all parts of his empire to raise up manufactories, to originate trades, and to set mines and iron-works in action. The Russian minister spoke in a no less commanding...