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The first view of the scene before us will suggest to our minds some interesting topics of reflection.

While we behold this healing fountain flowing like a torrent, * and consider its long duration, and the benefit derived from it to multitudes perhaps in every age, we bave to admire an illustrious instance of the wisdom and goodness of God in creation. How wonderful that this salubrious spring should retain the same degree of heat, through every change of season, and from age to age! + And again, what

suitable to the importance of the place. For these the nation is indebted to the Duke of Devonshire. His Grace is proprietor of Buxton and of the country round it, and he has, with a liberality which ought to be more known and celer' brated, erected a suite of extensive and magnificent buildings, called the CRESCENT, and a spacious and elegant church, both of hewn stone ; also pools for bathing, besides various other edifices for the accammodation of the visitors and invalids; the whole


of which is stated to have been not less than 150,000l. The munificence of this nobleman, teferring as it does to the health of his countrymen, is entitled to a national acknowledgement.

*“ The quantity of water fowirig from the springs has been calculated to be after the rate of sixty gallons in a mist rute."-Denman on the Baxton Waters, p. 56.

+ The heat of the medicinal spring, called St. Ann's Well, of which the invalids drink, “ is always 81 by Farenheit's Thermometer. The heat of the medicinal pool in which ihe invalids bathe, is precisely and invariably 82 by Farenheit's Thermometer. The temperature of these waters does not in

limit shall we assign to its duration? It is pro babie that it was first opened" when the foun, dations of the earth were laid,” and that it will continue to flow till time shall be no more, The same power which gave virtue to the well of Bethesda, hath opened the fountain of health in this place. These, therefore, may be called Gon's WATERS, 1 They flow by the diyine mer, cy, and we expect that they will proye, benefit cial to our infirm bodies only by the divine blessing. Letzuș, then, approach them with sentiments of gratitude and piety, having our

28Me God the glory lov ans benefit.we may derive from the use of them.

In viewing any striking object in the works of creation, it is useful to reflect in what manELTICWT TOITU TAUTO DEI ang degree depend on, rain, or other accidental çircum

" 'Denman, p. 53, 57. 11 Philosophy 'has long attempted to investigate this subject, Wat as yet without any satisfactory result. * Hast I hou ten. Sitered into the springs of the sea? or bast thou walked in search of the depth ?”—Job xxxvii. 16. Wę neither, սռderstand accu

curately by what means the waters acquire their heat, nor, when they have acquired it, how the temperature Should always continue the same, without being affected, like evers other substance of this earth, by heat and cold, and distance from the sun, “ Philosophers, "', says Ds, Hunter, • have differed much in their opinions about the cause of heat in warm vaters; but I do not find that any of them have as yet been able to lay down an hypothesis, which is not liable to some objections."-Hunter on the Nature and Vir. sues of Buxton Waters, p. 8.


رو ز *


net our blessed Saviour' would have improved the scene ; for He was wont' to derive instruc tive lessons from the operations of nature, and even from the usages and works of man. Of this there is an instance recorded in the Gospel, which bears some analogy to the scene which now presents itself to our view in this place. It was a custom of the Jews, on the last day of the Feast of Passover, to draw water from the fountain of Siloam, which sprang from mount Zion, and to bear it in solemn pro. cession to the Temple, where it was poured out before the Lord. These waters of Siloa “ which'flowed softly” (Isa. viii. 6.) from their fountain, not far from the Temple of God, and refreshed the inhabitants of Jerusalem, had been celebrated by the prophet Isaiah as an emblem of Messiah's gentle reign; and the Evangelist John alludes to the same emblem, when he says, “Siloam being interpreted, signi« fies SENT ;" that is, a type of him who igis the cé-sën!” of God; and the custom of drawing water from the well of Siloam on a certain day, was founded on the words of the same prophet Isaiah ; " Therefore with joy shall ye draw to water' out of the wells of Salvation." -Isa. xii, 3. †

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And Siloa's brook that Howed

Fast by the oracle of God. Milton. + This fact of drawing water from the fountain of Siloam

***Our Saviour beholding this solemnity of drawing water on the Great Feast-day, improv

> ed it to spiritual purpose; “ In the last day, « that great day of the Feast, Jesus stood and

cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come " to me and drink; He that believeth on me, as “ the Scripture hath said, Out of his belly shall " How rivers of living water. But this 'spake ce he of the Spirit, which they that believe on “ Him should receive; for the Holy Ghost was “not yet given." John vii. 37.1

Thus did our Lord 'spiritualize the scene: He shewed the inhabitants of Jerusalem, that their drawing water from the fount'of Siloam, was a just figure of their “ receiving the Holy « Spirit,” which should soon be poured out from " on high, and which they that believed Ion him “ (not in that age only, but in every age) SHOULD Receive."

!! is authenticated by the Rabbins. The water was carried in a golden urn, and the solemnity was called D'907 1904 Nisuk Ham-maim, the pouring out of water. In the Gemara it is inquired, " Whence was this custom " The answer : «. From the words of the prophet, Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.”-Talmud Babyl. fol. 48. 2.

* It is a remarkable fact, that the spiritual import of dratying water from Siloam was understood, and has been acknowledged and recorded by the Rabbins. "Why is Siloảm called nonjo ria Beth Suaba, the place of a draught? Anstver : 53"INV Own vnpo nipu Because, thence they draw the Holy Spirit.”-Talmud Hierosol. in Succah, fol. 55.

Under the authority, then, of our Saviour's example, who rendered the scenes of nature a theme of instruction, we may be permitted, in the application of this discourse, to consider the healing influence of the Fountain in this place, in a spiritual sense. The chief object of the discourse itself will be,

First, To inquire into what may have been the design of instituting the miracle of the healing waters at Jerusalem. And,

Secondly, To shew that these waters, which healed the diseases of the body, were an emblem of the influence of the heavenly Gospel, which heals the diseases of the soul, and fits it for the kingdom of God.

I. We are first to inquire, " for what end God may have“ been pleased to institute the "miracle of the healing waters at Jerusalem?", The fact recorded in this place by the Evangelist, has been but seldom noticed; but to me it seems to involve considerations of much interest, and is itself a subject of instructive contemplation. For a period of nearly four hundred years,

The Jews of this day might derive a strong confirmation of the truth of the Gospel, if they would read their own ancient Targums.

It is to be noted that Siloam and Shiloh, another name for Christ, are distinct words derived from different roots. They have no relation to each other.

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