« PredošláPokračovať »
Mr. And. Shannon.
Mr. Rich. Thornton. Mr. Samuel Paul. Mr. Joseph Tuttell..
Mr. Francis Tipper.
Mr. Patrick Quin.
Rev. Dr. John Wynne. R
Rev. James Wilson. Rev. Wm. Robertson. Rev. Samuel Whalley. Mr. John Reynolds. James Wilson, Efq;. Mr. George Reynolds. William Ward, Efq; Mr. And. Roark. Mr. Edmond Weld. Mr. John Roe. Mr. John Whitlock. Mr. Solomon Round. Mr. James Watson. Mrs. Mary Ramsay Mr. Eliazer White. Mr. Henry Rogers, of Mr. Peter Weekes. Wicklow.
Mr. Anthony Warren. Miss Eliz. Reeves
2 Books. Mrs. Eliz. Richardson Mrs. Ann Weldon. Mr. Samuel Ransford. Mr. Edward White.
Mr. Joseph Williams, S
Mr. Tho. Wilkinson.
Question. HAT are the principal Causes
of the Greatness of Cities?
Answer. Altho' the Reasons thereof be many in Number, yet they are reduced principally to these Seven. First, a navigable River, by which there will be a continual Concourse of Merchants, as at Venice, Amfierdam, Conftantia nople, and London ; which were it not for the Ri. ver Thames, London would not have so encreased fince the dreadful Fire in 1666. And if all the new-built Houses, had then beến by Act of Parliament put under a Register, as at Amsterdam; whereby they might have been mortgaged as the Proprietors had Occasion for Money; then these Houses would have been worth above thirty Years Purchase, greatly advancing the Trade of the City, and encreasing the Inhabitants thereof. Second, the Palace of the Prince ; for where the Court is, there will be continual Store of Nobility and Gentry, which enrich Tradesmen by selling Commodities to them, an Instance whereof we have of Madrid in Spain, which is grown from a mean Village to a very populous City, only by the King's Court. Third, the Residence of the Nobility, by whom beautiful Buildings and fately Structures are raised to the great adorning thereof, as may be B
seen in the Cities of Italy, where their Gentry do constantly reside. Fourth, the Seat, or Tribunal, of Justice, which invites thither Lawyers and Clients in Abundance, to the great enriching thereof, as may be evidenced by the parliamentary Cities of France, and Spires in Germany. Fifih, Uniyerfities, and publick Schools of Learning, which draw thither the Sons of the Nobility and Gentry from the adjoining Countries, to the great Benefit and Profit thereof, as Paris, Cambridge, Oxford, Dublin, and many other Places witness. Sixth, Immuniries from Taxes and Impositions, with all Encouragements to set forward Trades, Manufactures, and all induftrious Employments whereby Riches, and Wealth may be encreased, as at Florence and Genoa, which being once almost desolated and depopulated by Plagues, yet were again very suddenly peopled, by granting Immunities to all Comers, as was also practis'd at Venice, Hamburgh, Leghorn, and other places. The last is, that their Laws be good and few, their Magistrates gráve and sober, always practising an industrious Frugality for a good Example to their Citizens, whereby they may carry on their Offices with less Charge, more Ease, and will not lye under any Necessity for Bribery and Oppreffion, which otherwise must be to maintain a luxurious Living. Thus the Romans managed their City in their Beginning, whereby they grew to that Height of Power to give Laws to all the World; but afterwards by neglect of their Laws, with their Sloth, and luxurious Living ; Bribery, Oj pression, and Beggary came in as necefiary Consequents thereof; for as the diligent Hand maketh rich, and preserveth from Vice, so Luxury and Debauchery tend to all manner of Wickedness, and at lait cloath a Man, Family, City, or Nation with Rags.
6. What City was that Arifletle fo magnified above others for Beauty, Largeness and Strength.
A. The City of Babylon, the Walls whereof were fifty Cubits thick, two hundred and two Cue bits high : this City was four square, fifteen Miles from Corner to Corner, fixty Miles in compass; it had an hundred Gates, with Thresholds and Pofts of Brals, which when it was taken by Darius by drawing the River Euphrates dry, those that dwelt in the fartheft Parts of it, heard not of it 'till three Days. It was destroyed according to the Prephecy of Jeremy, and is now a Desert for wild Bealts.
Q. What City is that which is founded upon the Waters, compaffed in with Waters, and hath no other Walls but the Sea ?
A Venice : Scituate and encompassed with the Adriatick Sea. It hath continued unshaken or unconquered fince the first Building, A.D. 1152, and is at this present famous for Buildings, Riches and Government.
Q. Which is the chief City in England ?
A. London: Which is accounted to contain in length, from Lime-Hill to Mill-Bank, feven Miles and a Half, and contains above 5400 Streets, Lanes, and Courts; it is enrich'd with a navigable River, the Palace of the King, and many Houses of the Nobility; with many Colleges for the Study of the Laws, and other Arts and Sciences.
September the 2d 1666, about one of the Clock in the Morning, a sudden and lamentable fire broke out in the City of London, and held 'till the 6th of same Month, and over-run the space of 373 Acres within the Walls of the City, and 63 Acres with. out the Walls; and there were burnt 89 Parish Churches, 6 Chapels, the Cathedral of St. Paul, the Royal Exchange, Guild-hall, the CustomHouse, many Magnificent Halls, several City-Gates, 13200 Houses, 400 Streets : and vaft Quantities of Houshold Goods of all sorts; of Books alone were lost to the value of about 150000 Pounds, so that the whole Loss is computed to be 9900000
Pounds, and yet, by God's Providence, not above fix or eight Persons were loft.
London is England's chiefelt Place, well known. The second Place York claimeth as its own.
Q. Who was the first Builder of London ?
A. The common Opinion is, that it was Brutus, the Son of Silvius, and Grand-child to Æneas; who, accompanied with many worthy Personages, as Partakers of his Fortunes; after many Wandrings and Difficulties, at last arrived in England at a Place called Totness in Devonshire, as the Poet Neckam sings.
-The Gods did guide his Sail, And Course, the Winds were at Command, And Totness was the happy Shore,
Where first he came on Land.
Thus Brutus, having got the Land, erected a City on the Thames, and named it after the Seat of his Ancestors, New Troy: which is the same now called London.
He casting a discerning Eye
Where I bames did fairly glide,
Upon that River Side.
Houses built therein,
And Luds.town did it call.
It may truly be said of London, that it is a City of great Antiquity, some say more antient than Rome itself; Cornelius Tacitus writes, that in his Time, now above 1650Years ago, it was famous for Multitudes of Merchants and Traffick; it is a well built City, scituate in a good wholesome Air, on