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In less than a year after Silverio's so many qualities; but I advise you marriage, Pisardo was united to Es. not to alter your mind; if you do not, pinela's sister, a young girl, named although you have promised obediFlorella, who was neither less hand- ence, and acknowledged me for your some, nor less genteel, than her sis. master, I will serve you, and treat ter. The nuptials over, he carried you with the greatest kindness." her home; and on the same day, he Florella very prudently confirmed took a pair of very rich velvet breeches all that had been said. Her husband and two cudgels, and addressed his immediately delivered up to her the spouse in the following manner: keys of all his coffers, and gave her “ Florella, my dear, these, as you see . directions how to manage. He then clearly, are men's breeches. Do you said : “ Florella, come with me ; I take hold of one side of them, and I wish to show you my horses, that, in will of the other ; with the other hand my absence, you may know how they grasp this cudgel, and I will do the should be treated. When they came same. We will then fight till one is to the door of the stable, Pisardo said: acknowledged conqueror. Whoever " What do you think, my dear, of my conquers shall be the master, and horses ? Are they not beautiful and shall wear the breeches. The van- kept?” “ Indeed," answered she, well quished shall be for life humble, and “they are very fine, and in excellent obedient to the victor."

order." “ But, observe above all," said Florella remained for some time Pisardo, " how ready, light, and well motionless, so surprised was she at managed they are ;" and whipping her husband's strange discourse; but first one, then the other, he cried, at length, recovering her spirits, of Cross over there ! Come here! The which her fright had deprived her, horses, fearful of chastisement, immeshe replied: “ Alas! my Pisardo, diately obeyed their master. Amongst what is the meaning of all this? are these horses Pisardo had one, more you not the husband, my lord, and beautiful to appearance than the master, who has a right to claim others; but so malicious, and so litduty and obedience from me, and all tle to be depended upon, that he my household. I am the wife, obe- did not value him at all. He went dient to your will and command. Is up to him, with the whip in hand, not the precept and law of our high and slashing him, cried out : Come; and mighty Creator, consented to by stop; go on! but the horse, being all the female race? How, my lord, naturally vitious, received blows, and can I act thus ? Am I privileged returned kicks. Seeing the obstinacy above the rest of my sex? Take. of the horse, Pisardo took a cudgel, your breeches, then, Pisardo; wear and laid it on him till he fell. When them, since they are your's, and it is he saw him on the ground, he came you alone they fit. The field remains up to him and said: Get up, Troy: your's without a combat. I acknow. but instead of obeying him, the horse, ledge you the conqueror, and myself in a rage, attacked him in the leg, vanquished. I also acknowledge my- and bit him violently ; upon which self a woman, which name contains Pisardo drew his sword, and staball the properties of subjection, and bed him. I humbly submit myself to you with When Florella saw the horse dead; pleasure."

melting into tears-Good God! said “Florella," replied Pisardo, “I am she, is it possible, Pisardo, you can extremely pleased to find that you have the heart to kill so fine an aniacknowledge all that I desire of you; mal? Pisardo, stifling the pain occabut I do not implicitly confide in your sioned by the bite, replied: " Know,

“ conştancy, since you are, as you say, my Florella, that all who eat my a woman, which name comprehends bread, and do not what I comnland

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them, I serve in this manner, even as he went home, he called his wife, should I love and esteem them more and said to her: “ Madam, bring out than I do you." This retort grieved of the trunk the best pair of breeches Florella very much ; and she said to I have ; and while she was gone to herself: Alas! unhappy creature that fetch them, he procured two cudgels. I am, to be united to a man so vio- When Espinela returned : Heigh lent and so passionate. I thought I day !" cried she, “ what is the mathad a husband both steady and pru. ter now, Mr. Silverio ? Is the moon dent; but I have bestowed my hand at the full, or is your judgment in on a madman. See, for what a tri- the wane? Are you as mad this week, fling offence, he has killed this beau- as you were sullen last? Very well : tiful horse, the best he has. She said go on : you begin finely. Do not we this, ignorant of the cause that had all know that men wear breeches ? Is made Pisardo act thus : and ever af- that any reason that you should lose ter she trembled, if he evinced the your senses ?” Silverio answered smallest sign of displeasure; so that nothing to all this, but proceeded to there was nothing to be heard in the give her orders for the management house but a yes and a no. Perpetual of his house. To which Espinela concord! Silverio, who loved his replied, sneeringly: “ Do you think, brother very much, visited him of- Mr. Silverio, I have lived so long ten, and saw the good behaviour without knowing how to manage my and virtuous obedience of Florella. own house? I wonder how you dare He reflected within himself, why to tutor me at this time of the day?” have I not deserved a wife as obe- Silverio said not a word to all this, dient as Florella? She governs, but led her by the hand to his stables, commands, and directs every thing, where he acted in the same manner, at the pleasure of her husband. How towards one of his best horses, as his obedient, virtuous, and polite she is brother had done, killing him out. in every thing she says and does to right in his wife's presence. At the him! with how much love she serves sight of Silverio's rage, Espinela, and obeys him! how different from thinking him mad, cried out : “What, my wife! She, on the contrary, is my have you really had the misfortune most mortal enemy.

to lose your senses ? What is the One day, when the brothers were meaning of all these fine doings, withtalking together, Silverio said to Pi- out rhyme or reason?” “ I am not

? sardo : “ Brother, I have no occasion mad,” replied Silverio, gravely,“nor to mention our fraternal affection, or do I act madly ; know madam, anel any other preamble. I shall there be assured, that whoever eats my fore only entreat you, as a brother, bread, must be obedient to me, or I to tell me how you have managed shall serve them thus." “ You are to to bring your wife into such good be pitied, indeed,” rejoined Espiorder. She is truly a saint. She nela, “ if you set about reforming obeys you in every thing; while Es- now-a-days. What did the horse do pinela, my wife, is not to be re- to you, that you should kill it so unstrained either by love or fear. She reasonably? Was it not the finest answers me; flies at me; curses me; horse in the service of the pope ? Do in a word, she has her own will in not you consider that you have lost every thing."

your horse, your consequence, and Pisardo, smiling, gave his brother a your peace? I suppose another day detail of all his proceedings the day you will feel inclined to serve me in that he brought Florella home. This the same way, if I do not take good plan pleased Silverio so much, that care to prevent you. But undeceive he resolved immediately to put it in- yourself: your madness will avail you to execution. Accordingly, as soon little. I see your design clearly; but

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it is all too late. And now what have ther love nor fear could curb her pride you got by this fine day's work, to bear it patiently, till death should except reproach to your judgment, put an end to his troubles. Thenceshame to your honour, and the scorn forward, the obstinate Espinela beof all whos hall hear of your follies?" haved worse than ever, as poor Sil

When Silverio had heard his wife's verio was obliged to give her liberty long lecture, and gathered from it to do any thing she pleased, to prothat there were no signs of amend- cure himself a moment's comfort, ment, he determined that since nei.


The games

PLEASURES OF A POLAR WINTER. To the Editor of the Literary Panorama. frost, gives him the air of winter pepe Sir,

sonified. Thus clad, in the most seTHERE are two interesting vere weather, he waits patiently at epochs at Petersburgh: namely, the the corner of a street; or sleeps on freezing of the Neva, and the break- . the snow, while his horse, as hardy ing up of the ice. When the former as himself, and whitened by the frost, takes place, winter is considered as a eats his wisp of 'hay, or his feed of delightful season. Communications oats. The Russian always goes with are opered every where; the roads his breast uncovered. Provided his are in fine order; provisions are extremities are well clothed, he brought from all parts of the empire braves the rigour of the seasori. on sledges, and, in the market, we The Russians have always their see piles of hares, moor-game, white races and games. The race with partridges, geese, turkies, pigs, &c. traîneaux is on the Neva ; and the in a frozen state. Sometimes an un- horse that quickens his pace into a fortunate thaw takes place, which be- gallop loses the race. comes a serious calamity to the deal. consist of raising hills of ice, at a ers, who are obliged, in consequence great expense on the river, and great of it, to throw away great quantities quantities of water are thrown on of provisions.

them, to render them more slippery. The prodigious concourse of car. Lovers of the sport, then suffer themriages and traîneaux (sledges) gives selves to descend from top to bottom, the city a most animated appearance. with the greatest rapidity, either on It is more rare in Russia to see a skates, or in portable traîneaux. On horse going a foot’s-pace, than in festival days, between twenty and Spain to see a mule gallop The thirty thousand spectators assemble, Yswosch-tschiki, or traîneaux drawn and amuse themselves with similar by a single horse, are to be met with exercises, more or less extraordinary. every where. The passenger steps It is to be observed, that it is not into one without any ceremony, the the water of the river, which is frocoachman jumps on his seat, whis- zen. That is prevented by the rapidity tles, calls out gare! and sets off like of its current, notwithstanding the a shot. You are conveyed from one severity of a northern winter. The end of the city to the other, with the masses of ice descend, ready formed, utmost celerity. The costume of the from the lake of Ladoga. They float coachman is remarkable. He is co- on the river, till they are repelled by vered with a sheep's skin, or with the waves of the sea ; or, accumulasome coarse stuff, tied with a broad ting at its mouth, they soon form a woollen girdle. He wears very large field of solid ice. A London dame skin gloves, and a stuffed yellow cap. would shudder at the idea of crossing His long beard, covered with hoar a wide river, in a carriage with six

rogues and


horses over so fragite a substance. announces the commotion, and the But, on returning from a ball or sup- commandant, in a superb barge, car

, per, wrapped up in a good pelisse, ries to the emperour, who, with his and in a warm carriage, we forget courtiers, is waiting in the balcony that we are on the water ; particular- of the palace, a bottle of water drawn

; ly, when the ice is covered with snow, from the middle of the stream, which and the roads are well beaten. When then appears in all its majesty. The winter sets in, the bridges of boats people hasten to the banks, ravished are drawn ashore, and there remains at the sight of that fine river, again no other communication across the rolling its waves. The eye rests with river. The circumstance of passing delight on the vast expanse, surroundthrough rows of vessels, which ap- ed with magnificent palaces, on both pear to be lying on the ice, is remark- banks; superb quays faced with graably striking. Those vessels serve, nite ; and ships and elegant yachts, in general, for habitations, and some- sailing in all directions.

. times as a retreat for

To conclude: it has often struck thieves. . If they attack any wander- me, Mr. Editor, that traîneaux, or ing passengers, they strip them and sledges, might be rendered servicethrow them into the holes in the ice able in this country. As soon as any made for the washerwomen, or the quantity of snow has fallen in Gerwater-carriers.

many, or in other parts of the north Without entering into any detail of Europe, besides the respecting the superb palace of ice sledges, gentlemen have their carbuilt on the Neva by the empress riages taken off the wheels and put Anne, I shall just observe, that an on to a traîneau. This winter,* parItalian architect, reflecting on the in- ticularly, when the communication tensity of ice in that country, con- was almost totally interrupted in maceived the idea of employing it as a ny parts, surely light sledges might foundation for buildings. Many ob- have been employed to forward the servations have proved, that the thaw mails. Were I an innkeeper in any does not penetrate more than six feet of the northern counties, I should be below the surface. Icehouses do not induced to try the experiment, from require even that depth in Russia ; a personal knowledge of the advanconsequently cubes of ice would form tages attendant on the use of sledges a solid foundation at that depth, which during the winter season on the conwould be of great advantage to Pe. tinent. tersburgh, as it is built on a marshy

Yours, &c. VIATOR. soil and the houses stand on piles. Our worthy correspondent, will The architect could not inspire the excuse the addition of a few words to proprietor of a house with sufficient his ingenious communication. We security to resolve on building it on understand, that other circumstances ice ; but he consented to make the beside those he has mentioned, contrial for the portico, and for the wall tribute to abate that gloom which we of the court yard, which is twelve attribute to a polar winter. feet in height. They have stood now After the snows are fallen, the nearly thirty years, without the least state of the atmosphere is commonly damage.

serene ; and but little troubled by The Neva is generally frozen over storms; neither is it liable to such at the beginning of November, and mists and fogs as we are well acremains in that state till about the quainted with in London. The cold end of April, when it breaks up very is intense; but the sensations consesuddenly. In a moment we see boats quent on it are cheerful, invigorating, rowing where traîneaux were before travellipg. A gun from the fortress,

* 1808-9.


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and rather allied to hilarity than to may expand. The parents have laid suffering, especially after a few days in their stores ; they have made procontinuance of it have somewhat ac- vision for the winter's consumption; customed a person to it. The exer

the young men, under their direccise that may be taken abroad is more tion, have set their traps, and they than we generally imagine ; and tend them, to see, from time to time, those who can skate derive many ad- what further support they furnish. vantages from the frozen waters. This is, now, their chief 'occupation;

The natives of Holland, women as and the rest of their time they spend * well as men, make no difficulty of in forming those connexions which skating twenty miles to market, and are hereafter to become their conback again. They go to a distant stant enjoyments. Young women are friend's to breakfast, or return in the then engaged in kindnesses. The evening on their skates. But, a re- fact is, that these people are removed markable employment of this mode from those fascinations by which the of travelling, is the military expedi- desire of accumulation impels natives tions performed on the lakes in Ca- of more temperate climates. They nada. It would be thought in En- value the productions, the natural gland a rare spectacle to see a regi- productions of their own country: ment of soldiers, skating in military these are their wealth. Artificial array: yet this has often been done on riches, the gains arising from calculake Superiour, at the rate of about lations, and profits by means of the sixty miles per day. When, the precious metals, they are not, indeed, moon shines brightly, this exercise strangers to; but are indifferent about. is continued; and the brilliancy of They have, no doubt, among them, the lunar rays is by far superiour to different dispositions and characters : her general effulgence in our own la- the worthy and the unworthy, the titude. She is, indeed, “ Regent of generous and the selfish. They have night.” The stars, too, appear more their hard hearts, and their miserly numerous, as well as brighter, to the spirits. But these, acting within narnaked eye ; and the cerulean heavens row limits, the infelicities they occaglow with a more resplendent azure. sion are narrow also. They show, The light of the aurora borealis is indeed, that under all climates, and also extremely vivid, and sufficient seasons, man is the cause of his for the service of travellers.

own disappointments and vexations. But, to enter fully into the enjoy. Not the circumstances that surround ments of a polar winter, we should him, whether he be placed amid the pass the time with the Finlander in fervent plains of India, the sandy dehis cabin, or the Laplander in his hut. sarts of Arabia, the temperate vales Sunk into the ground some feet, by of Europe, or the snow-clad regions way of protection from the penetra. of the poles, are to blame. Man is ting power of frost; and presenting not, therefore, either happy or unbut a mere conical point to the weight happy, whether he enjoy the perof snow, and the power of wind, the petual spring of Quito, the verdant dwelling bids defiance to the rigour summer of Britain, the rich autumn of the season: while the family within of Italy, or, the winter-the long, long find themselves assembled, and alive winter of Lapland, and the Arctick to social enjoyment. This is the sea- circle. They are all equally indifferson for conversation and intercourse. ent to his real happiness. While all abroad is frozen, the mind

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