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Dictionary of the English Language,
COMBINING EXPLANATION WITH ETYMOLOGY :
The Words—with those of the same family, in German, Dutch and
are traced to their Origin.
The Explanations are deduced from the primitive Meaning through
the various Usages.
period to the beginning of the present century.
BY CHARLES RICHARDSON, LL. D.
VOLUME THE SECOND.
LA'BIAL, adj. } It. Labbro, labio; the lip:
- I am no labbe, Nt though I say it, I n' am not lefe to gabbe.
Lat. Labium ; Fr. Lèvre ; I sente you to repe that whereon ye bestowed no labour LA'Bial, n.
other mē labuured, & ye are entred into their labours.
Bible, 1551. John, c. 4.
Dead be thei, that liue not to God, and in the space of
this temporall death laboriously purchase themself eternall which though the Italians (especially the Floren
The Hebrews have been diligent in it, and have assigned, death.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 16.
which letters are labiall, which dentall, which gutturall.
Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 198. With wery trauel, and with laborous paines
Alwaies in trouble and in tediousness.
Wyatt. Complaint vpon Loue, &c. it the sweetest of all letters. It melteth (B. Jon
He (Julius Cæsar] labourously and studiously discussed son adds) in the sounding, and is therefore called dental.-Holder. Elements of Speecin
P and B are labial: Ph and Bh, or F and V. are labio- controversies.-Sir T. Elyot. The Governovr, b. iii. c. 10. a liquid, the tongue striking the root of the palate gerily; Wilkins,—the top of the tongue striking
There is greater store growing in the tops of the mounagainst the foremost part of the palate. It unites
LA'BILE. Lat. Labi, to fall or fail. See tains then below in the valleis : but it is wonderfull labourTery easily with C and G in pronunciation, as in
some and also dangerous traueiling op vnto them and downe
againe, by reason of the height and steepenesse of the hilles. (bach, Gloom, (qqv.) It is doubled, where the
Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 824. But sensibility and intelligence, being by their nature and Pewel sounds hard upon it; with no necessity : essence free must be labile, and by their lability may actually
Adam, well may we labour still to dress tuless a syllable follow which may require the conlapse, degenerat, and by habit acquire a second nature,
This garden, still to tend plant, herb and flower, talance of its sound; as in kil-ling, fil-ling, wil-ling.
Cheyne. On Regimen, Dis. 5.
Our pleasant task enjoyn'd; but till more hands
Aid us, the work under our labor grows,
Luxurious by restraint.--Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ix. Dit. Labberen. (See Blab.) Consequentially,
rare; Sp. Laborear ; Lat. To pour forth from the lips whatever occurs to
LA'BOURER. Laborare; (of uncertain ety- When down he came like an old o'ergrown oak, 3; to tell all that we think or know; to prate or LABO'rious.
His huge root hewn up by the labourer's stroke. mology.) Scheidius thinks
Drayton. David & Goliah. has thoughtlessly, carelessly, without reserve or LABO'RIOUSLY. from Λαβ-ειν, whence ελα
Who but felt of late,
When the fierce foe hung on our brok'n rear
Insulting, and pursu'd us through the deep,
We sank thus low.
Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ii.
ELV Epyov, arripere opus :
Besides, the king set in a course so right,
Which I for him laboriously had tract.
Drayton. Legend of Thomas Cromwell. LA'BEL, 1. Fr. “ Lambeau, a shread, rag, diligence, with difficulty, with pain; to exert, to
Your laboursome and dainty trimmes, wherein
Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act iii. sc. 4.
What can an author after this produce ?
The labouring mountain must bring forth a mouse.
Dryden. The Art of Poetry.
Then we caused the laborant with an iron rod dexterously That han labered leely. at this Lente tyme.
to stir the kindled part of the nitre. Piers Plouhman, p. 386.
Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 604.
For thankless Greece such hardships have I brav'd,
Her wives, her infants, by my labours sav'd;
Long, sleepless nights in heavy arms I stood,
And sweat laborious days in dust and blood.
Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. is.
Laboriousness shuts the doors and stops all the avenues of
the mind, whereby a temptation would enter, and (which is In soleyn place by my selfe,
yet more) leaves no void room for it to dwell there, if by any As doth a laborer to delfe. Gower. Con. A. b. iv. accident it should chance to creep in.-South, vol. vi. Ser.10. If thou wilt here
Whence labour or pain is commonly reckoned an ingreOf hem, that whilom vertuous
dient of industry; and laboriousness is a name signifying it. Were, and therto laborious. Id. Ib
Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 18.
7 M 1185
I have a wif, though that she poure be ;
La'iil, t. for small piece of stuff.
. Lapp. See Lap. Any thing falling or depending, suspended or anded; a name, title or description, appended,
ties now used,) otherwise affixed. Taste thou a labell, that is shapen like a rule, saue s strait and hath no plates on either ende.
Chaucer, The Astrolabie. to my beautie) shalbe inuentoried and euery particle and wielobelid to my will.
Shakespeare. Twelfth Night, Act i. sc. 5. id Sir William said on his oth in the tenth yeare of Chebath, that before the times of Edward the third,
three points was the different appropriat and Teant for the cognizance of the next heire.
Holinshed. Rich, II. an. 1390. til the subtlest of their conjurors up the labels to his soul-his ears.
Buller. On the Licentious Age of Charles II.