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Mac. What soldiers, whay-face!
Shakespeare. Macbeth, act v. sc. 3, fo. 1491.
His tawny beard was th' equal grace
Both of his wisdom and his face;
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1776. The upper part whereof was whey, platis of siluer. - Wic. Zech. xi. 12.
His herte (a marchaunt's) in such a were is set
The nether orange, mixt with grey.
Butler. Hudutras, pt. i. can. 1, v. 245.
WHICH was used as equivalent to What, and hym.- Id. Prov. xi. 1; also ls. xl. 12. 2. V.
Id. House of Fame, b. ii. v. 471.
Wicliffe renders Qualis, What. And as she woke hire bedde she felten presse :
WERE. See Was.
But the Lord zeelde to thee this while (ricissitudinem WELAWAY.
hanc), for that, that to day thou hast wrought in me.
WERNE. See WARN. Ther that pees regneth
Wic. 1 Kings xxiv. 20; also, 2 Kings xix. 36. Til weylawey! hym teche. WERRE. See WAR.
And he (Solomon) sent hem into the wode, ten thousand Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12535.
by eche moneth uchilmele (L. V. bi uchilis, vicissim), so that WERRIE. See WAR.
two monethis whilmele they weren in her howsis. WELD. See WIELD.
Id. 3 Kings v. 14. WERSE. See WORSE. WELK, WELKIN, d. See Quotation from Dray
zif ze vengen zou aðeinus me, soon swiftly Y shal zeelde
WER-WOLF. ton in v. Suppose, in Dictionary.
the wilenesse (L. V. while, vicissitudinem) to zou on your
A. S. Were-wulf; Vir Lupus, hed.-Id. Joel iii. 4.
Ech best thing founn, and al parfit zift, fro abone, comThat with ship and sheep wenten,
Thei ben werwolres
yng doun of the fadir of liztis, anentis whom is not ouerWisten by the walk ne
That wiln the folke robben.
chaunginge, nether schadewing of chileness, or tyme. (L.l. What sholde bitide.
Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 913. rewari, ricissitudo.)— Id. James i. 17.
To go a step farther, the word while, take it in the gross, Quaketh my penne, my spirite supposeth
About the field religiously they went,
has been the father of a verb, which gives ine an opportuThat in my writing ye find woll offence:
With hallowing charms the war-wolf thence to fray, nity of lamenting that I should have caused you to while Min hert welkneth thus sone; anon it riseth.
That them and theirs awaited to betray.
so much time in perusing this disquisition.
Pegge. Anecdotes, p. 229.
WHINID. Vinew'd, fennowed ; Vinny, or (A.S.) the winde and the water gan for to rise and ouerthwartlye to tourse the welken, the wawes semeden as they kiste toge
WESH. See WASH.
Finie, are the same word. See VINNY, fennowed. ther, but often under colour of kissinge, is mokell old hate
Ajar. Speak then, thou whimd'st leaven, speak. priuileye closed and kepte.--Id. Test. of Loue, b. i. fo. 2881. WET.
Shakespeare. Troilus and Cressida, act ii. sc. I.
Azen hem the spirit of vertue shal stonde, and as a whirl Wise. See Mys-feeling.
Thei gan to frote, and wete his temples twain.
putf of wind deayden hem. (L.V. whirlyng of wind, turbo The gynyng of God abideth stille to rigtwis men, and the
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iii. v. 1114.
venti.)– Wic. Wis. v. 24. profitus of it welsum aftircomyngus shal han into withoute
WHIST. ende. (L. V. prosperitees.)— Wic. Ecclus. xi. 17.
WETHER. See WEATHER.
Many thingus grecchendli whistrende (L. V. he schal He biheelde her stilli, wilnyng to wite whether the Lord
WETHER. (Sheep.) had maad his weye welsum or noon.-Id. Gen. xxiv. 21.
speke priuili, susurrans) shal with chaunge (gy.) bis chere.
Ecclus And he seuerde that day the she geyt, and the sheep, I moneste zou to comen with wel willingnesse, and more and the wetheres. (L. V. rammes, arietes.)
The uchistrende grucchere (L. V. a preuy bacbiter, 52123. bisy study to do lessoun. Id. Prologue to Ecclus. p.
Wic. Gen. xxx. 37. surro), and the twisil tunge (are) curside. (Y) shal be turned azen welsumli. (L. V. in prosperite, WEVE.
Id. 16. xxviii. 15. prospero.)-Id. Gen. xxviii. 21.
And Y shal sette this citee into stoneying, and in to welefulli, as thi soule doth welefulli. (E. V. welsumly, WHEAL. Whey welled, is whey heated till whistling (4. V. hissing), and eche that shal passe by shal prospere. - Ich 3 John v. 2.
Well- stoneyn and whistlen vp (L.V. hisse, sibulum sibilabit) on al Thei diggiden in the stronde and thei foundun wellynge scalding hot, in order to take off the curds.
the veniaunce of it.- Wic. Jer. xix. 8.
A.S. Weall-an, ebullire. See To WELL, in Dic- WHIT.
(Heli) seide to hyr, How long schalt thou be dronken!
Defye a litil wift (digere paulisper) the wyn, bi the which WELT, s.
That our people had beene fedde with gall of dragons instead of wine, with wheale instead of milke.
thou art dronken.– Wic.' 1 Kings i. 14. She (a louse) sholde noght
King James's Bible. Translator to the Reader.
And the womman answerde to hem, Thei wenten hyingli Han walked on that welthe,
(hastily), a litil wist water taastid (paululum). So was it thred-bare.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2869. WHEEL. In Chaucer's Boecius, b. i. m. 5, O
Id. 2 Kings xvii. 20. WEM.
stelliferi conditor orbis, is rendered - maker of the WHITE. (A maiden) weex greet with childe wheele, that beareth the sterres.
For whit, in trowthe, bytokeneth Withouten wem,
Clennes in soule.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 1383. Into this world she broghte hym.
God helpe me so ye causen all this fare, Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12338. This is the lawe of al lepre and of litle whelkis. (E. V. Trowe I, quod she, for all your wordes white, Sle thou and ete, bi the blessyng of thi Lord God, which bleynes, popularum.)— Wić. Lev. xiv. 56.
O who so seeth you, knoweth you full lite. he zaf to thee in thi citees, whether it is vnclene, that is
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iii. v. 1568. spottid ether wemmed (maculatum) and feble, ether clene. Ne ointment that either would cleanse or bite,
On heven yet the steres weren sene,
Although full pale iwoxen was the mone,
Ne of his knobbes.-Chaucer. Prol. v. 634. The Sompour. And whiten began the horizon shene
All estwardes as it is wont to doen.-Id. Ib. b. 5, v. 276.
If the inquiry be made in metaphysique (for the forme
Oh! the faintest sound WEND.
of whiteness), you shall finde some such rule as this: That
From time's light foot fall, the minutest wave, Weend to Amalec with thyn oost,
two diaphonous bodies being intermixt, their optique por
That swells the flood of ages, uchelms in nothing And what thow fyndest there sle it.
tion in a simple order, or equally placed, doe determine The unsubstantial bubble (Fame).
and constitute whitenesse. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1899.
Shelley. Queen Mab, st. 3.
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iii. c. 4, $ 6. (The Jewes) wenten away for shame.-Id. 1b. v. 7605. WHELP. Aftir this maner that othir shal doo, šollynge the trompes
(He) scraped the dorr welp-lick. into weendynge forthe. (L. V. goyng forth, in projec
Chaucer. Par. and Tap. v. 481. And Helisee seyde, Whens comyst thou, Giezi? The tionem.)- Tic. Num. X. 6.
Her eye shot forth with all the living fire
whiche answerde, Thi seruaunt zeede not o whydre. (L.V. The irrecuperable joy is went, and anoy endlesse is en
That haunts the tigress in her whelpless ire.
to ony place, quoquam.)- Wic. 4 Kings v. 25. tred.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.
Byron. Lara, c. ii. But when he saw her gentle soul was went,
WHITTLE. Ray says: To whittle sticks, to cut WHER. See WHETHER. His manly courage to relent began.
off the bark with a knife, to make them white. Fairefur. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xii. st. 70.
WHERE. Wide where, a wide space. See in v. Hence also a knife is, in derision, called a whittle. WENE. See WEEN.
Violence the Quotation from Gower, in Dictionary. -Preface to Collection of Words not generally used.
In Surrie, whilom, dwelt a compagnie WERE, s. Debate, doubt, hesitation (mental
WHOLE. See HOLEFULL, in v. Visit, Quota.
Of chapmen rich, and thereto sad and trewe, strife). Skinner knows not whether from A.S. Wære, That wide where senten hir spicerie,
tion from Fabyan, in Dictionary. caution; Wær, cautious; and explains—A maze or Clothes of gold, and satins riche of hewe.
Ac alle that beth myne hule bretheren.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12836. doubt ; Mr. Tyrwhitt from Guerre, of the same
I dide me to chirche meaning, and observes: that in Rom, of the Rose,
Iren with iren is whettid out, and a man whettith out To here holly the masse.- 1d. 16. v. 12964. v. 5702, Were is in the original Guerre. (eracuit) the face of his frend.- Wic. Prov. xxvii. 17.
WHORE. See Piers Plouhman in v. Hire, supra. And in a weer gan I wexe,
WHEY, s. And with myself dispute
To alle hoorıs hijris ben jouen (meretricibus mercedes), Whether I were chosen or noght chosen.
Ser. There is ten thousand.
forsothe thou hast gouun hijre, or mede, to all thi loueris. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6805. Mac. Geese, villaine!
Wic. Ez. xvi. 32. 121
As the will of God is our rule, to enquire what is our daty for long tyme he had maddid hem with hise wicche craftis. For whi(nam quoniam), God woot that in what euere dai
or what we are obliged to do in any instance, is in effect to (E.V. wicchingis, magis.)- Wic. Deedis viii. 11 (ix. 11).
enquire what is the will of God in that instance, which conze scholen ete therof, powre izhen schulen be opened.
Wic. Gen. iii. 5. sequently becomes the whole business of morality. WITH. In composition, in old English writers
Paley. Moral and Political Philosophy, b. ii. c. 4. (see the Quotations from Wiclif), as in A. S. retains WICK, The waxe bytokeneth his manhede,
WIND. WINDFALL, is applied lit. and met., its meaning (join), and is constantly used as a preThe weke his sowle, the fyre his god hede.
whether productive of loss or gain. See the Quo- | fix equivalent to the Lat. Cum (or I should rather Chaucer. Lyfe of our Ladye, fo. m. iii. c. 2.
tation below from Bacon, and the Quotation from say, is used pre-posed, without being fixed). The WICKED. him in v. Succision, supra.
Lat. Comes is rendered by Wiclif a With follower, Forsothe I haue knowun that after my deeth wickidlich
The Spartans were a nice people, in point of naturaliza
and a Co-heir is a With-heir, a follower or heir with (L.V. wickidli, iniquo) je shulen doo.— Wic. Deut. xxxi. 29. tion; whereby, while they kept their compasse, they stood
one or more. When With follows a verb, it is the His wickenesses (L.V. wickidnissis, iniquitates) taken the firine; but when they did spread, and their boughes were be- custom of lexicographers to explain according to the vnpitous; and with the cordis of his synnes he is togidere commen too great for their stemme, they became a windfull upon the suddaine (potentia eorum subito corruit).
context. Thus, “ to agree with me,' streyned.-Id. Prov. v. 22.
to fight with (The flore) was plated halfe a fote thicke
Bacon. Of Kingdomes and States. Essay 29. me;" in the first instance they imply, Cum; in the of gold, and that ne was not wicke (base, impure). When as the hermit comes out of his homely cell, latter, Contra : though in both cases the actors join Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. v. 256. Where from all rude resort he happily doth dwell; in one purpose. So to withstand, in A. S. With, and
Each little village yields his short and homely fare; WIDE. See WAIVE, in Piers Plouhman, supra. To gather windfall'n sticks, his great'st and only care;
Wither-standan, implies two parties joined in one (I landed) in a small creek about the wideness of my Which every aged tree still yieldeth to his fire. purpose; keeping or gaining a stand or position ; canoe.- Voyage to Laputa, ch. i.
Drayton. Polyolbion, st. 13. though adverse to each other. And hence the usage
WIND, v. WIDOW.
may have been extended to cases, not admitting
Thei washe hymn, and wypede hym, and wonde hym in And sche dide awei the clothis of videwehod (viduitatis).
such an explanation. In the three,-With-draw, cloutes.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, p. 35, 4to. Edition. Wic. Gen. xxxvui, 14.
With-hold, With-stand, there is a strong coincidence WIELD, At Welde, in Robert of Brunne, is, at
WINDOW. See WINNOW.
of With and the Lat. Re, Re-trahere, re-tinere, recommand, in plenty. Hearne. Weldere, see WEAVE, thou not in to ech weie.- Wic. Ecclus. v. 15.
Windewe thee not (ne ventiles) in to ech wynd, and go
sistere. supra, and ZETE.
WITH, s. (Withy.)
Shadewis coneren bis umbre; withiene trees (L. V. aa-
Wic. Job xl. 17. the wellere wellide in veyn (conflator conflavir).
Wic. Gen, ix. 20. And te shulen take to zow withies (L.V. salewis, salices) Wic. Jer. vi. 29. WING.
of the rennyng water.-Id. Lev. xxiii. 40. Thei schulen welle (L. V. bete, conflabunt) togidere her As for those wingy mysteries in divinity, and airy sub
I remember in the beginning of Queene Elizabeth's swerdis in to scharris.-d. Is. ii. 4. tleties in religion, which have unhinged the brains of bet
time of England, an Irish rebell condemned put up a petiJelle, şeockis of Basan, for the stronge welde wode is kit ter heads, they never stretched the pa mater of mine.
tion to the deputie, that he might be hanged in a with, and doun (saltus munitus).-Id. Zech. xi. 2.
Brownc. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ 9.
not in an halter, because it had been so used with former Lo! Adam, in the felde of Damascene,
rebels.-- Bacon. Essays. Of Custome. With Goddes owen finger wrought was he, WINNOW. See WINDOW, as the word is writ
WITH-BEAR. And welte al Paradis saving o tree.
ten in the Wiclif Bible. Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14016. His wiif walked hynı with,
And (thei) that with bern it (wine) (L.V. beren it to The time that hath all in welde,
With a long gode,
gidere, comportant) shul drinken in myn heeli porches.
Wic.Is, Ixii. 9. To elden folke, hath made her elde
Wrapped in a wynwe shete,
Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 865. And many thingis grucchendli whistrende shal with But tourned ayen unto childhede.
And Y schal send into Babiloyne wyndeweris (E.V. wyn-change (commutavit) his chere.- Wic. Ecclus, xii. 19. Id. Rom. of the Rose, v. 393. eweres), and thei schulen wyndewe it (E. V. wynewe, WITH-DEPART. WIFE.
ventilatores, ventilabunt), and thei schulen destrie the lond For this thing a man shall leeue fadir, and modir, and of it.- Wic. Jer. li. 2; et aliter.
Kunnyng and understonding of prudence wisdam shal shal cleue or drawe to his wif (L.V. wijf), and thei shulen Afterward Y sawe the wether (rain) with hornys win
with departen (compartietur). – Wic. Ecclus. i. 24. be two in oo flesh.- Wic. Mat, xix. 4.
dowyng, or castynge down (ventilantem).-Id. Dan. viii. 4. WITH-DRAW. Men, loue ze poure wyues, and nyle ze be bitter to hem. In thee oure enemys we shal wynewe (ventilabimus) by the
horn.-ld. Id. Colos. iii. 19.
(!) pass over the absurdity of denominating Mr. Lindsey Psalm xliii, 6.
a silenced and ejected minister, merely on account of his WIGHT.
withdraument from a community, whose distinguishing
tenets he had abandoned. Than drede went wyghtlyche,
And whan the hauene was not able for to dwelle in wynAnd warned the Falso.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1298.
Robert Hall. Review of Belsham's Memoirs of Lindsey. ter (ad hiemandam), ful manye ordeyneden counseil for to He wissed hem to wynne it ayein seile thennis, if on ony maner thei myšten come to Fenyce,
WITHER. Thorugh wightnesse of handes.- Id. Ib. v. 13446.
for to wynterne (L.V. to dwelle in uynter, hiemare) in the But we must wander witheringly,
hauene of Crete.- Wic. Deeds xxvii. 12. WILD. WILDERNESS. Somner writes, Wild
In other lands to die.Byron. Hebrew Mel. Adam forsothe lyuede an hundrid and thretti wynter. deora fernesse, a Wildernesse. Dut. Wildernisse. And
WITH-FIX. Lye agrees that of Wild deora, and of the last syllable (L. V. zeer, annos.) –Id. Gen. v. 3.
I am turned in my myseise, whil with ficchid is the thorn. of fernesse (desertum), or of Nesse itself, is composed
WIS. Wis, Ywis, qv. Certainly. As wis,-as (L. V. set in, configitur.)-Wic. Psalm xxxiii. 4. the A.s. Wild-deora-nesse, our English Wilderness. certainly.
I frayned ful ofte,
And the dažis of hem failiden in vanytee, and the zeeris meaning) of the adjective, Wild, and the termina.
If any wight wiste
of hem in withhezing. (L. V. haste, festinatione.) tion Nüss, our Ness.
Wic. Psalm lxxvii. 33. “A wilderness," says Arch- Wher Do-wel was.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4906. deacon Hoare, " is a Wild-deer-ness ; Deer (see in Nay, nay, quod she, God helpe me so, as wis
WITH-HILD. See To HILD. Dictionary) being a general name for beasts of all
This is to much, and it were goddes will.
And the watris of the flood al abowt uith hilden the erthe
Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11780. kinds."--English Roots, p. 203.
(L. V. ouerzeden, obtinuerunt) an hundryd and ifti dayes. The wild father thus devoureth WISH or Wysh, i.e. Wash, qv.
Gen. vi. 24.
WITH-LAWE, i. e. Laugh. His own flesh.-Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 175).
WIT. To see, provide, guard against. See WooT, Isab. Such a warped slip of wilderness
The Lord hath lawing (laughing, risum) maod to me, in Dictionary. Ne'er issued from his blood.
and who so ever sbal here shal with laue (corriddit) to me. Shakespeare. Measure for Measure, act iii. sc. i. Whi stonde thise piles here?
Wic. Gen. xxi. 6. These paths and bowers doubt not but our joint hands To uiten it fro fallyng.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13843. Will keep from wilderness with ease, as wide
I shal preisen (laudabo) thi name bysyly, and I shal arith As we need walk, till younger hands ere long
zyue ze of zou men wise in dyuyn thingis and witti (gnaros) preisen (collaudabo) it in confessioun.- Wic. Ecclus. li. lá. Assist us.- Milton. Par. L. b. ix. v. 245.
in mennus thingis worthi to be don.- Wic. Deut. i. 13.
Thanne Abrain on the nijt with-rysyng (consurgens) tite, supra. Also Warburton in v. Random, supra. dom.)-Id. Prov. viii. 3; and Ecclus. i. 5; var. r.
dişte his asse. — Wic. Gen. xxii. 3. For into an euell willi soule (malevolam) shal not gon in
But and thei most wrecchid herien bestes, witles (L. V. WITH-SAY. wisdom.- Wic. Wisd. i. 4.
unresonable, insensata) forsothe, comparisouned to these,
ben wers than tho.-ld. Wis, xv, 18. (While) Ruben (was) atens hym (self) divided, of greet
That he be myzti to much styre in holsum doctryne, and willi men (L.V. greet hertyd, magnanimorum), is foundun
And for he was not witlesse (insensatus).
the withscuris to with stoude. (L. V. azenseiris.). stryuynge.--Id. Judg. v. 15.
Id. 2 Mac, xi. 13.
Wic. Pref. Ep. p. 63.
If forsothe anoon as the fadir herith, he uithscith it (LI. For I bere witnessinge and to hem, p vertu, or power,
Shewende the Jewis forsothe and the paynyınes greuously ajenseide, contra), and the vowis and the oothis of hir sbulen and above vertu thei weren wilful (voluntarii).
to han trespassid, and witеndely. (L. V. wityngly.)
be at nouzt.-Id. Num. xxx. 6; et aliter,
WITH-SIT. sioun of the voprudent, lassende vertue, and makende Crucifige! quod a cachepol:
Men of voluntarious will withsit that heavens gouerneth. woundis.- Id. Ecclus. xxxi. 40. I warrante hym (Jesus Christ) a wicche.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. God save swiche a lord that is so good,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 12166. Lasse than a flie (han) mokel might in greenance and He wilneth no destruction of blood.
There was a man in that citee whos name was Symound, annoying, withouten anywithsitting, for all mannes mights. Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2565. a wicche, that hadde disseyued the folk of Samarie:
spirit spekith without her procuryng, but of hem that pro- onre Lord hath beraft it me: right as oure Lord hath wold, And he brošte alle the songs of Madian, and spoilide alle coren that the deuel speke in bem.
right so is it don: yblessed be the name of oure Lord. Wic. Lev. XX. 27; note.
Chaucet. Tale of Melibeus. the richessis of hem; and alle with stonden to hym (L. V. asenstonden, resistentes), he slog in the mouth of the swerd.
But al of woldes, and of wisshes,
Therof have I my full disshes.
Gower. Conf. Am. b. vi. fo. 833. How feyr thi tabernaclis, Jacob, and thi tentis, Yrael ! WOUND. To call a man a cuckold was not an ecclesiastical slander, but wittol was, for it imports his knowledge of, and consent
as wodi valeys (L. V. ful of woodis, nemorosa), as moiste Tim. If you won't ha' me, I'll tell father so. to, his wife's adultery.—Salkeld. Reports 692 (C. J. Holt). gardyns bisidis doodis.-Id. Num. Xxiv. 6.
Jenny. You are in a woundy hurry, methinks.
Foote. The Knights, act ii. WLAP.
WOOL. Woolward Mr. Wright explains, misera
ble, plagued. Skinner knows not whether from WOX. See Wax. And thei schulen ulap in it (E. V. wrap, involvent) the arke of witnessynge.- Wic. Num. ir. 5.
A.S. Wol, Pesis, and secondarily, Any great evil, WRACK or WRECK. Some modern editors of and Ward, as homeward, &c.
note, uninfluenced by the reasoning of Tooke in WLATE,
Wolleward and weet shoed
support of the reading, Racke, (qv.) in the first foWLATYNG,
Wente I forthe after.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12071. lio, substitute Wrack. But see Diversions of Pur
Also wulle graithers and fullers and other ... (in L.V. ley, vol. ii. p. 389; et seq. WLAT$UM.
makers of wollen cloth) mowe not be with outen a techer, Wrack. Old editions of Milton read Rack, in b.
that thei coueten. - Wic. Bible. Pref. Ep. p. 67. WO.
iv. v. 994, “All the elements at least had gone to Was nevir wight yet halfe so wo
WORD, in Chaucer, Motto.
Rack;" b. xi. y. 821," A world devote to univerAs that her semed for to be,
(Thei) wordeden wel wisely
sal Rack.” But in b. vi. v. 670, “ All heav'n had Nor so fulfilled with yre as she. Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 312. A gret while togideres.
gone to Wrack.”
Al aboute feris shal gasten hym, and within wrappen his
feet. (L. V. biwlappe, involvent.)— Wic. Job xvii. 11. from Robert of Brunne.
Bycause I woulde se how she was araide;
WRATH. And azen come shul deueles, the beeste party an asse, and Hire gown was blewe, dressed in good manere, s party a man, and the wodewose. (L.V. an heeri, pilosus.) With hire devise, hire worde also, that saide,
The wrathfulnesse (iracundia) of his pride is the destro- Wic. Is. xxxiv. 14; so also xiii. 21. In Jer. 1. 39, woode Tant que je puis.
yng of hym. - Wic. Ecclus. i. 28. theves (L. V. wielde men, fauni furarii).
Chaucer. Assemble of Ladies, v. 207.
Therfor thou shalt speke my wordis to hem, if perauenAbove al erthly créatures
ture thei heren, and resten, for thei ben wraththers. (L.V. WOL. See WILL, Would. The high maker of natures
terreris to wrathe, irritatores.) The worde to man hath youe alone;
Id. Ez. ii. 7; also v. 8, exasperatrir. WONDER. AWondred father; that is,- A father So shulde he be the more honest,
WREAK, v. able to perform wonders so rare.
To whom God yave so worthye a yifte,
Preyse ze, gentils, the puple of hym, for the blood of his merurilously, mirabiliter.)- Wie. Job x. 16.
His wordes to none wicked use;
seruauntis he shal wreek. (L. V. venie, i.e. renge, ulcisceAnd the man is maad ryche wonder myche. (L. V. ful
For worde the teacher of vertuse
tur.)- Wic. Deut. xxxii. 43. riche, ultra modum.)-Id. Gen. xxx. 43.
Is cleped in philosophie.-Gower. Conf. Am. fo. 150'. Agast was all the prees,
As mased folk they stonden every on
In drede of urecke, save Custance alone.
The Man of Lauces Tale, v. 5099. justly regarded in the light of a discovery.
WREATHE. WONE, s. A dwelling, &c.; also, the people
D. Stewart. Dissert. i. Sup. to Ency. Brit.
(Two chains) of wreathen work shalt thou make. dwelling; a multitude. WORMWOOD. Rather Wormwort (says Skin
Wic. Er. xxvii. 14. And he brošt hem thennus in to a rizt weye; that thei ner). A.S. Wyrm-wyrt, Wærmede; Ger. Wermud; fro the hond of the man of Egipt. — Id. 2 Kings xxiii. 21.
Bi mişt he urooth (E. V. pullide, extorsit) out the spere sholde go in to the cite of wonyng. (L. V. duellyng, habi
Du. Wermmædt, Wermædt; from its property of tationis.)- Wic. Psalm cvi. 1 ; also v. 36.
And (Pharao) clothide Joseph with a stoole of bijs, and Who forsothe ben riste, shul dwelle in the erthe, and the destroying worms. Skinner. From Wærmen, to puttide a goldun wrethe (torquem) about the necke. symple shul parfitli wone in it. (L. V. dwelle, permane- warm; from its warmth-strengthening the stomach.
Gen. xli. 42. bunt.)-1d. Prov. ii. 21. Wachter.
The hegge also— (Men) have their eyen so wont to the dercknesse of
With sycamor was set, and eglatere earthly thyngs that they ne may nat lyfte hem up to the
Wrethen in fere well and cunningly.
Chaucer. The Floure and the Leafe, v. 57. light of cleare soothfastnesse.
He (the wolfe) wonld hem (lambes)
WRENCH. In Robert of Gloucester, “WithOf roses there weren grete wone,
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 6267.
outen any wrench,” is, without any wrong, qv. See So faire weren never in Rone.
in Dictionary. Of countre folke, a ful gret wone.
In alle thingis take ze the scheld of feith, in whiche ze ld. Lay of Ariadne, v. 2161.
moun quenche alle the firy dartis of the worste. (E. V. WRENE.
worste enmye, nequissimi.) - Wic. Eph. vi. 16. There was enough within the wones
WREN. Of wepyng.–Gower, b. viii. fo. 1772.
WORSHIP. In the Marriage Service, With my WREST. WONES, qv. Things won. body I thee worship (i. e. honour).
Abacuc, a strong woristeler (L.V. wrastelere) and a sharp, He gaf hym gold good woon,
If ony man schal mynistre to me, my fadir schal worshipe stondith vpon his waarde.- Wic. Pref. Ep. p. 70. That gladede his herte.
him. (M. V. honour, honorificabit.) - Wic. John xii. 26. And loo! a man wristlide (L. V. wrastlide, luctabatur) Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14266. And he (Jacob) seide dredyng, How uorschipful is this with hym vnto the morwe.--Id. Gen. xxxii. 24. But for to speke of riches and stones place. (E. V. féerful, terribilis.)-Id. Gen. xxviii. 7.
But yet to let hire go,
His hertè misforgave him evermo:
But finally he gan his hertè wrest
Chaucer. The Duchesse, v. 1032. To trusten hire, and toke it for the best.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 14, 27.
And as me thoughten, that the nightingale
Byron. Hebrew Mel. With so great might hire voice began to wrest, Ye faren lik thise roweris,
WORSTED. That wedde none widwes,
Right as hire herte for love would all to brest.
Id. The Black Knightes Tale, v. 48. But for to welden hir goodes. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6717. Of double worstede ydight
WRETCH. Forsothe the wyf of hym (Samson) took an housebond,
Doun to the hele.- Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 453. He (Sisara) lay out of lijf and wretchidful (miserabilem). oon of hir freendis and powers. (L. V. keperis, de pronu
iiic. Judges v. 27. WORT. bis.) - Wic. Judges xiv. 20.
At the rist of the est my wrecchenesses (L. V'. wretchid. And the cazte zunge man she kisseth; and with wowende
zif to me (Achob) thi vynterd, that I make to me a wort nessis, calamitates) anoon risen.-Id. Job xxx. 12. (L. V. wouynge, precaci) chere she flatereth.
zerd.(L. V.a garden of wortis, hortum olerum), for it is nis, Id. Prov. vii. 14. and biside myn hows.- Wic. 3 Kings xxi. 2.
WRIE. The vnpitous man wowendli (L.V. unschamefastli, pro
Nakid thei leue men, takende awei clothis, to whom is
WORT-WORM. See ERUKE. caciter) stablith his chere.-Id. Ib. xxi. 29.
no koueryng in cold; whom wederes (imbres) of hillis For wisè folke in bokés it expresse,
moisten, and not hauende uriclys (L. V. hilyng, velamen) WORTH.
clippe stones.- Wic. Job xxiv. 8.
And well the hoter ben the gledes rede,
Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 314. To slepe rather than to wowe
That men hem urien with ashen pale and ded. Is his (Somnolence) maner, and thus on nightes,
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. 5, v. 539. WOUL, i. e. Howl, variously written zoul, zell, When he seeth the lusty knightes
For there is neither huske nor hay Reuelen, where these women are, qv.
In Mey, that n’ill shrouded bene, (He) gothe to bed.-Gower. Conf. Am. b. iv. fo. 781. Woule ze in Bethaulen. (L. V. zelle, ululate.)
And it with newè leves wrene.
Id. Rom. of the Rose, v. 56.
WRIGHT. This is not understondun of code men in which the wickid Yet sayde he (Job) thus: Oure lord hath yeue it to me, It is for to cure or (curandum est), to the wrist of
His cope ...
duction to b. iii. are extracts from a poem in which The white and white only is expended in the formation WRING. the p.p. Yearded is used in the sense of buried.
of the chicken. The yolk, very little altered or diminished,
is wrapped up in the abdomen of the young bird, when it He that was wont to wringe out, schal not wrynge ont
quits the shell; and serves for its nourishment till it have wyn in a pressour; Y haue take awei the vois of uryngeris
learnt to pick its own food. out. (L. v. trederes, calcantium.)– Wic. Is. xvi. 10. Ridynge ful rapely, The right way we yeden.
Paley. Natural Theology, c. xx. WRINKLE.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11469. YORE. And sche took a roket (roket cloth with many wrinklis, And Ephron answer; de to Abraham, alle men herynge, Alle scorneden me, for now fore Y speke (L. V. a while var. r.)- Wic. Gen. xxxviii. 14.
the which zede into the zaat of the cite (ingrediebantur ago, olim) criende out the wickidnesses.- Wł. Jer. xx. 7.
portam).- Wic. Gen. xxiii. 10. WRITHE. In his right hand a rod, and on the flood,
YOU. See Ye. The pawme is pareliche the hand,
Against the streame he marcht, and drie shod yode.
Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xiv. st. 33. YOULE. See YELL, WOULE.
And knowynge the voys of the zongiynge Leuyte (L. V.
See second Quotation from Wiclif in v. For if ther might yben a variaunce
zong wesynge dekene, adolescentis), and vsynge the restynge To writhen out fro goddes purveying,
place of hym, thei seiden to hym, Who brouzte the hidir? There n'ere no prescience of thing comming: And with a great joulyng (L. V. Fellyng, ejulatu) he
Wic. Judges xviii. 3.
b. iv, v. 986.
And the songlynge roos (L. V. fong man) for to goo with This same stede shal bere you evermore
his wijf and child.-Id. ib. xix. 8. Without harine, till ye be ther ye lest, YELLOW
God that fedde from my zongthe (L.V. 3ong wezynge age, (Though that ye slepen on his back or rest)
Turne abowt alle thi flockis, and sever alle thi speckid adolescentia) into the day that is now, And turne again with writhing of a pin. sheep, and with speckyd flese and what evere zolow. (L.V.
Id. Gen. xlviii. 15. Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10441. dun, furvum.)- Wic. Gen. xxx. 32.
And in especial unto them that ben passed theyt grene WRONG. In Wiclif, Lev. xxi. 19, Tortus nasus YELP. Exponitur,—Prate, talk. Skinner, A. s. yongthe, and eke theyr middle eage callyd Virylyte.
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, b. i. p. 3; also b. iii. is, in E. V. crokid noose, and in L. V. wrong nose. Gilpan, jactare, gloriari; valde desiderare.
So that the being of them bore some certain date, and Lest perauenture he drawe thee to the domesman, and Fortune, though she will not yelpe,
had a youngness in them.-Cudworth. Morals, p. 249. the domesman bitake thee to the wrongful axere, and the All sodeinly bath sent him halpe,
The children free wrongful axere sende thee in to prisoun. (L. V. mastirful Whan him thought all grace a weie.
In youth-head, happy season, from all care azer, qu. eractori.)- Wic. Luke xii. 58.
Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 1772.
That might disturb the hour.
Southey. Don Roderick, J. xvii. (See Whist.)
YERD. See Yard.
YOUR,-OUR-were used as we now use Ours, With wepen wolves from shepe he wust.
e.g.“ Our is the dishonour”—“Our is the Maistry." Chaucer. The Plowman's Tale, v. 3032. YES.
-King Alesaunder, v. v. 3867—2162. “This Hill Thei that token tribut, camen to Petre, and seiden to hym, youre maister payeth not tribute? And he seith, zhe.
of our.”—Spenser, July, “I wot be your."-Chau (L. V. zhis, etiam.) – Wic. Mat. xvii. 23.
C. Yem. T. v. 16716. “ Your is the charge."
-Id. v. 12029.
sor, flator; not uncommon in Wiclif's Bible. And YREN. i. e. Iron.
see WIELD, supra. Y is also a corruption of the A.S. Ge, as Y-bore, And he made to it a goldon crown by ennyroun, Betynge
Y-TEMEN. Mr. Tyrwhitt says, To bind, to Y-clept, &c. i.e. bore, clept, &c See Tyrwhitt, (L. V. and setide, conflans) foure goldun rynges by foure deposit. Sp. Tomar, to take. See TAME. Glossary. In Dictionary. corners of it.- Wic. Er. xxxvii. 2.
(It) mought ytemen us on bere (bier). The whiche (eer rynges) whanne he (Aaron) hadde
Chaucer. House of Fame, b. üi. v. 654. YARD. To be under the Yerd or rod; under takun, he fourmed with ctun work (L. V. werk of zetyng, rule, &c. Chaucer, in Dictionary. opere fusorio), and made of her a zotun calf (conflatilem).
YTIGHT. See Tie.
Id. lb. xxxii. 4. And a curwus cros Thow forsothe arere thin ferde (virgam), and strecche out thin hoond vpon the see. - Wic. Ex. xiv. 16.
Also he made a fotun see (mare fusile), that is, a waisching Craftly entayled,
vessel for preestis, round in compas.- Id. 3 Kings vii. 23. With tabernacles y-tight YARE. Failede the meltende vessel, in fyr wastid is the led, in
To toten al abouten.- Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 333. For He that yeveth, yeldeth, veyn meltide togidere the zeetere. (L. V. the wellere wel.
YUEL. i. e. Evil, qv.
lide, conflavit conflator.)-1d. Jer, vi. 29.
YVOIRE. i. e. Ivory (for the sake of rhyme). (He) bad the maister make hym yare zeeteere (L.V. wellere) in grauen thing, for fals is his žeting
Hire throte, as I have nowe memoire,
Semed as a rounde tour of yvoire.
Chaucer. The Duchesse, v. 946. YATE.
That fir shal falle and brenne ... (He) biddeth unspere the yates.
The houses and homes
Of hem that desireth
Yiftes or yeres yeues,
By cause of hir offices.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1557.
but gif (L.V. if not, nisi) many houses grete and faire shul
be desert.- Wic. Is. v. 9. Ye prechers shall be yaw'de,
Take that that is thine, and go; forsothe I wol feue (L.V. ZEAL. In the Latin fathers we find the verb And some shall be saw'de. Skelton. Colin Clout, v. 1206.
fyrie, volo dare) and (et) to this the last man as and (si- Zel-are. Bacon uses the verb, To Zeal. In the cut et) to thee.-Id. Mat. xx. 14.
Latin Vulgate we find Zelantes the plural of the parYAWN. Written Yane, and by Skelton Gane of thi seruaunt Iacob, ziftis (munera) he hath sent to his ticiple Zelans, and on this Bacon forms the substanalso. Lord, Esaw.-1d. Gen. xxxii. 18.
tive Zelant, which in the Latin version stands Zelo And thei zeneden (L.V. made large, dilataverunt) their See! Y haue zouun to tow al erbe bryngynge seed vpon mouth upon me; thei seiden, Wen, Wen, oure ejen han the erthe.-ld. Gen. i. 29.
fervidus, glowing with Zeal. seen.- Wic. P3. xxxiv. 21.
You might have done, but for that zeald religion YEX. Therfor Eleasarus, a man wexun in age, and fair in cheer
You women bear to swoonings. was compellid, janyng (huns) with open mouth for to ete
And Elisee stiede, and lai on the child, and the child Beaumont and Fletcher. Love's Pilgrimage, act. iv. se. 1. swynes fleisch.-Id. 2 Mac. vi. 18.
3oxide (E. V. brethed, oscitavit) seuen sithes, and openede To certain zelants all speech of pacification is odious. Is She began to
the eezen.- Wic. 4 Kings iv. 25. and
it peace, Jehu? What hast thou to do with peace? turn yane gaspy. Shelton. E. Rummyng, v. 331.
This shal not be to thee, my Lord, into 30rynge (L. V. thee behind me.-Bacon. Esserys. Of Unity in Religion. Why do ye gane and gaspe? sižyng, singultum), and into scripil of herte, that thou hast
No casuist is sufficient to enumerate or resolve the many id. '16, b. i. v. 117; Dyce Edition. shed giltlesse blood.-Id. 1 Kings xxv. 31.
intricate niceties, and endless scruples of conscience, which YE. YOUR
some men's and women's more plebeian zelotry makes, as
about ladies' cheeks and faces, &c. Thanne we schulen zyne and take togidre our dowztris (He sent me) to preche the feer of the Lord plesaunt;
Bishop Taylor. Artificial Handsomeness, p. 63. (Todd.) and jouren. (L. V. foure.)- Wic. Gen. xxxiv. 16. and the day of zeldyng (retributionis).- Wic. Lúke iv. 19.
Ne lene ze not eny thing of eny portenaunce to youre God of oure fadris, whos vertue thou hast prechid, he ZOILISM. howshild, for al the riches of Egipte shal be şouren (zoure). zeldere to thee this recompensacioun shal ziue, that thou
Bring candid eyes onto the perosal of men's works, and Id. Ib. xlv. 20. rather see the deth of hem.-ld, Judith vi. 17.
let not zoilism or detraction blast well-intended labours. YEARN. Yerne, adv. Eagerly, willingly,
Christian Morals, pt. ii. 6 2. readily. See Piers Plouhman in v. T'aille.
ZOUNDS. A common oath ; corrupted from God's YEARTH. Chaucer, Test. of Loue, b. i.
wounds. And his possessioon was, seven thousend of shep and 3000 YEARTHLY. i.e. Earth, Earthly, qqv. and see of camailis, and 500 zokis of oxen (juga). - Wu. Job i. 3.
So also 'ZNAILS or 'SNAILS, God's nails.
Sorceress of the Ebon throne ! (Night)
Heaven's lucent roses glow,
Coleridge. Song to the Piries. MOLIMINOUS. (One of) two pre-eminences of Nature above humane art (is), that whereas humane art acts upon the matter without, cumbersomely, and moliminously, and in a way of tumult, or hurlyburly; Nature, acting upon the same from within more commandingly, doth its work easily, cleverly, and silently.
Cudworth. Intellectual System. Contents (b).
OVERLOOK, v. i. e. by the eye of the witch. See Mr. Singer's Note, and Forespeak, supra. Pist. Vile worme, thou wast ore-look'd euen in thy birth.
Shakespeare. Merry Wives of Windsor,
fo. 59%, act v. sc. 5.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 449.
POINT. Point of War.
But, though my father was very fond of instructing me in beating all the marches and points of war, I made no very great progress, because I naturally had no ear for musick.-Goldsmith. Essays. The Strolling Player.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 988. SENSE. Sensational is now in common use; also Sensationalism, and Sensationalist; the latter is a name given to a School of Philosophers, with Condillac in France, and Hartley in England at their head, who hold that man is a mere creature of Sensation. The compounds, Anti-sensational, &c. are also used. See Morell's Historical and Critical Review.
He, whose eye is so refined by discipline that he can repose with pleasure upon the serene outline of beautiful form, has reached the purest of the sensational raptures.
F. W. Robertson, Sermon 1. First Series. SHANK. See SLADE, infra.
SLADE. In Wiclif, supra, is in Mod. Version, hill's side.
And how he (Somnolence) sitteth by the fire,
Gower. Conf. Am. b. iv. fo. 78%.
PRAY. Prayerful and Prayerless are now of common occurrence in religious writings and dis
MORTAL. According to the words just preceding, your scheme ought to have been, on the contrary, that the soul is by nature immortal, but must be mortalized by the omnipotence of God, if ever it perish, and not that it is by nature mortal, and must be immortalized by a new act of omnipotence, to enable it to subsist for ever.
Clarke. Letter to Dodwell. Works, v. iii. fo. 723.
MUTTON. 1 Mutton (laced), Sherwood
MUTTON-MONGER. S interprets by, Une garce, putain, fille de joye. See Nares, who doubts whether 80 called, because dressed in lace. Mutton alone was a name for a loose wench, a harlot.
Bel. Is not your name Mattheo ?
Dekkar. The Honest Whore, pt. i. sc. 3. Orl. Is't possible the Lord Hippolito, whose face is as civil as the outside of a dedicatory book, should be a muttonmonger ?-Id. 16. Pt. ii. act i. sc. 1.
Butler. Hudibras, pt. i. c. iii, v. 728.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5221. He took oon of his ribbis, and fulfillide flehs for it. And the Lord God ediftede the rib, which he toke of Adam, into & woman, and brouzte her to him.- Wic. Gen. ii. 21, 22.
BEIGH, r. Bough.
BIRL, I. 1, Pincerna.
SOW. See Sough, in Dictionary, and see Pig (lead), supra.
CHISWICK PRESS: C. WHITTINGHAM, TOOKS COURT, CHANCERY LANE.