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the fields of their husbandmen, or to may at least ferve in the army, like Fal.
fetch our foldiers, as the Romans took staff's men, as ' food for powder.'
their Dictator, from the plough. It is well But a very formidable troop might be
known, that every county can supply composed of that part of them diftin.
us with numerous recruits, if we were guished by the name of Bloods. The
to raise them out of that idle body called fury of their afaults on drawers and
Country Squires; many of whom are watchmen, and the spirit displayed in
born only for the destruction of game, ftorming a bagnio, would be of infinite
and disturbance of their neighbours. service in the field of battle. But I
They are mere vegetables, which grow would recommend it to the general to
up and rot on the same spot of ground; have them strictly disciplined ; left they
except a few, perhaps, which are trans. Nould Moot fome of their own com-
planted into the Parliament House. rades, or perhaps run away, merely for
Their whole life is hurried away in the sake of the joke. Under proper re-
scampering after foxes, leaping five-bar gulations such valiant gentlemen would
gates, trampling upon the fariners corn, certainly be of use. I had lately some
and iwilling O&tober. As they are by thoughis of recommending to the Juf:
their profession excellent marksmen, and tices, to lift the Bloods among those
have been used to carry a gun, they brave resolute fellow's employed as.
might employ their powder to more pur. Thief takers : but they may now serve
pole in fetching down a Frenchman than nobler purposes in the army, And
a pheasant; and most of them inight be what may we not expect from such ina
inco: porated among the cavalry, or trepid heroes, who, for want of oppor
formed into light-hodied troops, and tunity to exert their prowess in warlike
mounted on their own hunters. They skirmishes abroad, have been obliged to
might also be of great use in maroding, give vent to their courage by breaking
or getting in forage: and if they would the peace ot home?
follow an enemy with the faine alacrity Every one will agree with me, that
and defiance of danger that they follow those Men of Honour, who make fight-
a fox, they might do prodigious execu- ing their hulinels, and cannot let their
tion in a pursuit. The greatest danger swords reit quietly in their scabbards,
would be, that if a fox should per. flould be obliged to draw them in the
chance cross them in their march, they service of his Majesty. What might we
would be tempted to run from their co- not expect from these furious Draw-
lours for the sake of a chace; and we canfirs, if, instead of cutting one an-
should have them all desert, or in the other's throats, their skill in arms was
language of fox-hunters) gone away. properly turned against the enemy! A

If the country is infested with these very little discipline would make them
useless and obnoxious animals, called admirable soldiers : for (as Mercutio
Squires, this metropolis is no less over- says) they are already the very butch-
run with a set of idle and mischievous •ers of a filk button,' I have known a
creatures, which we may call Town one of these Duelliits, to keep his hand
Squires. We might soon levy a very in, employ himself every morning in
nuinerous army, were we to inlift into thrusting at a bit of paper stuck againit
it every vagrant about town, who, not the waistcoat; and I have heard another
having any lawful calling, from thence boaft, that he could snuff a candle with
takes upon him!elf the title of Gentle. his pistol. These gentlemen are, there-
inan, and adds an Ejq. to his name. A fore, very fit to be employed in close
very large corps might be formed from engagements. But it will be necessary
the Students at the inns of Court, who, to keep them in continual action; for
under the pretence of following the law, otherwise they would breed a kind of
receive as it were a fanction for doing civil war among themselves, and, rather
nothing at all. With these the several than not fight at all, turn their weapons
tribes of play-house and coffee-house upon one another.
Critics, and ihat collective body of them Several Irish brigades, not inferior to
called The Town, may be allowed to those of the same country in the service
rank, and though no great exploits can of the French king, may be formed out
be expected fion there Invalids, yet (as of those able-bodied inen which are
they are of no other use whatever) they called Fortune-hunters. The attacks




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of these dauntless heroes have, indeed, The last proposal which I have to been chiefly levelled at the other sex: make on this subject, is to take the whole bur employment may be found for these body of Free-thinkers into the service. amorous knight-errants suitable to their for this purpose I would impress all the known firmness and intrepidity ; parti, members of the Robin Hood Society i cularly in taking places by storm, where and, in consideration of his great merit, there is a necessity for ravishing virgins, I would further advise, that the Clarea, and committing outrages upon the wo... Market Orator should be made Chape.

lain to the regiment. One of the faBut' among the many useless members vourite tenets of a Free-thinker is, that of society, there are none so unprofita- all men are in a natural ttate of warfara ble as the fraternity of Gamesters. I with each other: nothing, therefore, is therefore think, that their time would so proper for hiin, as to be actoally en'be much better employed in handling a gaged in war. As he has no squeamisa musket, than in fhuffling a pack of cards, notions about what will become of him or shaking the dice-box. As to the hereafter, be can have no fears about Sharpers, it is a pity that the fame dex- ' death: I would, therefore, always have. terity, which enables them to palm an the Free-thinkers put upon the most aee, or cog a die, is not used by them in dangerous exploits,expofed to the greatelt going through the manual exercise in hear of battle, and fent upon the Forlorn. the military way. These latter might, Hope. For, since they confess that they indeed, be employed as marines, or ita- are born into the world for no end what. tioned in the West Indies; as many of ever, and that they shall be nothing after them have already crossed the seas, and death, it is but justice that they mould are perfectly well acquainted with the be annihilated for the good of their Plantations.



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--, No LIX. THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1755.


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ASR, YILLAGE TO MR. TOWN. When I arrived, I found the mistress

of the house very busily employed, witla DIAR COUSIX, MARCH 3, 1755. her two daughters, in nailing an horseI

Was greatly entertained with your foe to the threshold of the door. This,

late reflections on the several branches they told me, was to guard against the
of magic employed in the affairs of love: fpiteful designs of an old woman, who
I have myself been very lately among was a witch, and had threatened to do
the Seers of Visions and Dreamers of the family a mischief, because one of -
Dreams; and hope you will not be dir- my young cousins laid two straws across
pleased at an account of portents and to see if the old hag could walk over
prognostics full as extravagant, though them. The young lady assured me,
they are not all owing to the same that she had several times heard Goody
cause, as those of your correspondent Cripple muttering to herself; and to be
Miss Arabella Whimsey. You must sure she was saying the Lord's Prayer
know, cousin, that I am just returned backwards. Besides, the old woman
from a visit of a fortnight to an old, had very often asked them for a pin:
aunt in the North; where I was mightily but they took care never to give her any
diverted with the traditional superstitions, thing that was tharp, becaule Me should
which are most religiously preserved in not bewitch them. They afterwards
the family, as they have been delivered told me many other particulars of this
down. (time out of mind) from their kind, the fanie as are mentioned with
fagacious grandmothers,

infinite humour by the Spectator: and

to cònfi:'p them, they assured me, that popped from the fire, they were in hafte
the eldest inis3, when she was little, used to examine whether it was a purse or
to have fits, till the mother flung a knife coffin. They were aware of my coming
at another old witch, (whom the devil long before I arrived, because they had
bad carried off in an high wind) and seen a stranger on the grate.

The ferched blood from her.

youngest miíš will let nobody use the When I was to go to bed, my aunt poker but herself; becaule, when the made a thousand apologies for not put- Itirs the fire, it always burns bright eing me in the best room in the house; which is a hgn the will have a brisk huswhich, she said, had never been lain in, band : and the is no less fure of a good fince the death of an old washer-woman, one, because she generally has ill luck who walked every night, and haunted at cards. Nor is the candle less orathat room in particular. They fancied cular than the fire : for the 'lquire of that the old woman had hid money the parith came one night to pay them Somewhere, and could not rest till the a visit, when the tallow winding theet had told somebody; and my cousin af- pointed towards him; and he broke his fured me, that he might have had it all neck soon after in a fox-chace. My so herself; for the spirit came one night aunt one night observed with great pleato her bed-side, and wanted to tell her, sure a letter in the candle; and the very but she had not courage to speak to it. next day one came from her son in LonI learned also, that they had a footman don. We knew when a spirit was in, once, who hanged himself for love; and the room, by the candle burning blue; he walked for a great while, till they - but poor cousin Nancy was ready to cry got the parson to lay him in the Red one time, when the snuffed it out, and Sea.

could not blow it in again; though her I had not been here long, when an ac. filter did it in a whiff, and consequently cident happened which very much alarm- triumphed in her superior virtue. ed the whole family. Towzer one We had no occasion for an almanack snight howled most terribly; which was or the weather-glass, to let us know a sure sign that somebody belonging to whether it would rain or thine. One them would die. The youngest miss evening I proposed to ride out with my declared that she had heard the hen confins the next day to see a gentleman's crow that morning, which was another house in the neighbourhood; but my fatal prognostic. They told me, that, aunt assured us it would be wet, the just before uncle died, Towzer howled' knew very well, from the shooting of 19 for several nights together, that they

her corn. Belides, there was a great could not quiet him; and my aunt heard spider crawling up the chimney; and the the death-watch tick as plainly as if

blackbird in the kitchen began to fing, chere bad been a clock in the room: the which were both of them certain fore. 'maid too, who fat up with him, heard a runners of rain. But the most to be bell toll at the top of the stairs, the very depended on in these cases is a tabby moment the breath went out of his body: cat, which usually lies barking on the During this discourse, I overheard one parlour hearth. If the cat turned her of my cougins whilper ihe other, that Me tail to the fire, we were to have an hard was afraid their mamma would not live frolt; if the cat licked her tail, rain long; for she fmelt an ugly smell, like would certainly ensue. They won. A dead carcase. They had a dairy- dered what stranger they should fee; hemaid, who died the very week after an caufe puss washed her foot over her left hearse had stopt at their door in it's way The old lady complained of a to church: and the eldest miss, when the cold, and the eldest daughter remarkede was but thirteen, saw her own brother's it would go through the family; for (he ghost, (who was gone to the Welt- observed that poor Tab had sneezed fee. Indies) walking in the garden, and to veral times. Poor Tab, however, oncs be fure, nine months after, they had an few at one of iny coufins; for which she account that he died on board the ship had like to have been deftroyed, as the the very fame day, and hour of the day, whole family began to think the was no that miss saw his apparition.

other than a witch. I need not mention to you the com- It is impoffible to tell you the several mon incidents, which were accounted tokens by which they know whether by them no less prophetic. If a cinder good or ill luck will happen to them.



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Spilling the salt, or faging knives across, learn them from this prophetic familya. are every where accounted ill omens; for as I was a relation, you know, they but a pin with the head turned towards had less reserve. you, or to be followed by a strange dog, If the head itches, it is a sign of rain. I found were very lucky. I heard If the head aches, it is a profitable paili. one of my cousins tell the cook.maid, If you have the tooth-ach, you don't that the boiled away all her sweethearts, love true. If your right eye itches, you because the let her dilh-water boil overwill cry; if your left, you will laugh: The fame young lady one morning but left or right is good at night. It came down to breakfast with her cap your nose itches, you will shake hands the wrong fide out; which the mother with, or kiss a fool; drink a glass of observing, charged her not to alter it wine, run against a cuckold's door, or all day, for fear the should turn luck. miss them all four. If your right ear

But, above all, I could not help re. or cheek burns, your left friends are marking the various prognoftics which talking of you; if your left, your right the old lady and her daughters used to friends are talking of If yous collect from almost every part of the elbow itches, you will change your bed. body. A white speck upon the nails fellow. If your right hand itches, you made them as sure of a gift as if they will pay away money; if your left, you had it already in their pockets. The will receive. If your stomach itches, eldest fifter is to have one husband more you will eat pudding. If your back than the youngest, because she has one itches, butter will be cheap when grass wrinkle more in her forehead; but the grows there. If your fide itches, someother will have the advantage of her in body is withing for you. If your garthe number of children, as was plainly tering place itches, you will go to a proved by Paapping their finger-joints. strange place. If your knee itches, yoz, k would take up too much room to set will kneel in a strange church. If youx down every circumstance, which I ob- foot itches, you will tread upon strange ferved of this fort during my stay with ground. Lastly, if you thiver, some them: I shall therefore conclude my body is walking over your grave. ketter with the several remarks on other

I am, dear coulin, your's, &c. parts of the body, as far as I could T

N° LX, THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1755.




often to pass through Holbourn, education of our young ladies of qualnutt hare taken notice of a pastry cook's ty: and I appeal to any woman of fashop with the following remarkable in- thion, whether fhe would not as soon fcription over the door, Kidder’s Paftry- put her daughter apprentice to a watherSchool. I had the curiosity to enquire woman, to learn to clear-ftarch and get into the design of this extraordinary Aca- lp fine linen, as to send her to the demy, and found it was calculated to Paltry-School to be inttructed in raised inftruct young ladies in the art and cruit and puff paste. The good dames mystery of tarts and cheese-cakes. The of old, indeed, were not ashamed to fcholars vere, indeed, chiefly of the make these arts their itudy: but in this lower clars, except a few notable young - refined age we might fooner expect to girls of the city, with two or three par- see a kitchen-wench thumbing Hoyle's fons daughtets, out of the country, in. Treatise on Whitt, than a fine lady coltended for service. As housewifely ac. letting receipts for making puddings, complifhments are now quite out of date or poring over the Complete Art ot; scong the polise world, it is no wonder Cookery,


The education of females is at pre- beyond them. What therefore. Mr. Tent happily elevated far above the or- Locke recommends, that we should chest dinary employments of domestic æco- children into learning their letters by nomy; and it any school is wanted for making it seem a paftime, should be put the improvement of young ladies, I may in practice in every polite nursery; and Venture to say, it should be a School for the little ladies niay be taught to die Whilt. Mr. Hoyle used, indeed, to ftinguith ace, deuce, tray, &c. as soon as wait on ladies of quality at their own they could great A, little a, and the houses to give them Lectures in this sci- other letters of the Chris-cross row: as ence: but as that learned master has left to the four Honours, they will readily off teaching, they can have no instruc- learn them by the same method that tions but from his incomparable Treatise; other children get the names of dogs, and this, I am afraid, is so abstruse, horses, &c. by looking at their pi&ures. and abounding with technical terms, After this, in order to compleat her edu. that even those among the quality, who cation, little miss (when of a proper age) are tolerably well grounded in the sci- mould be sent to the Whift-School, or ence, are scarce able to unravel the per- have lessons from private masters at plexity of his cases, which are many of home. She may now be made to get by them as intricate as the hardest propofi. heart the Laws of the Game, read a tion in Euclid. A School for whit chapter in Hoyle, and be catechised in would, therefore, be of excellent use; laying and taking the odds: and, in prowhere young ladies of quality might be cess of time, the may be fet to solve any gradually instructed in the various of Hoyle's hardest cases, or anv of the Branches of lurching, renouncing, fines- propositions in his Doctrine of Chances; fing, winning the ten-ace, and getting for which (as Mr. Hoyle himself tells the odd trick, in the same manner as us) no more knowledge of arithmetic is coinmon milles are taught to write, read, required, than what is sufficient to reck. and work at their needle.

on the trick's, or score up the game. It seems to be a strange neglect in the All sciences appear equally abitruse to education of females, that though great the learner at his first setting out: but I pains are taken to make them talk will venture to say, that the science of French, they are yet so ignorant of the Whift is more complex in itself than English language, that before they come even algebra or the mathematics. The to their teens, they can scarce tell what Afs's Bridge in Euclid is not so diffi. is meant hy lurching, revoking, fuz. cult to be got over, nor the Logarithms zing the cards, or the most common of Napier so hard to be unravelled, as terins now in use at all routs and assem- many of Hoyle's Cases and Proporsblies. Hence it often happens, that a tions: as an instance of which, take the young lady is almost ripe for a gallant, following most obvious and easy oneand thoroughly versed in the arts of the A and B are Partners against C and D. toilet, before she is initiated into the A and B have scored 3, and want to myiteries of the card-table. I would save their Lurchi. C and D are at Short therefore propose, that our demoiselles Can'ye: and consequently both sides of fashion Mould be taught the art of play for two Points. C has the Deal, card-playing from their cradles; and and turns up the Knave of Hearts. Ć have a pack of cards put into their asks his Partner D, who refuses. B hands, at the usual time that the brats of has the Lead, and runs his {trong Suit, vulgar people are employed in thumbing Spades, two Rounds, with Ace and their horn-book. The mind of man King. A discards his weakeft Suit, has been often compared (before it has Diamonds. Then B forces his Partner, received any ideas) to a white piece of A leads a strong Club, which B iee paper, which is capable of retaining any fuses. A forces B, who by leading impression afterwards made upon it. In Spades, plays into A's hand, who re. like manner, I would consider the minds turns a Club, and so they get a Saw be. of thofe infants, which are born into a tween them. After this A leads through well-bred family, as a blank pack of C's Honours. B finesses the Ten, and cards, ready to be marked with the pips plays a Spade, which A trumps. Now and colours of the suits: at least I am B by laying behind C's King and Knave confident that many of them, after they of Trumps makes the Ten-ace with are grown up, have laid in very few ideas Ac and Queen; and A having the long


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