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535 Ille petit veniam, quoties non abstinet uxor

Concubitu sacris observandisque diebus,
Magnaque debetur violato pæna cadurco,
Et movisse caput visa est argentea serpens:

Illius lacrumæ meditatáque murmura præstant, 540 Ut veniam culpæ non abnuat, ansere magno

Scilicet et tenui popano corruptus, Osiris.

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dotum fonte enecant quæsituri luctu ii. 130. FA. Hor. I S. v. 58. Virg. Æ. alium, quem substituant ; et donec invene- vii. 292. xuñoas xágnHom. Od. E rint, moerent; derasis etiam capitibus, 285. R. &c. insigne ei, in dextro latere candicans The serpent is the asp (Hor. I Od. macula, cornibus luna crescere incipientis; xxxvii. 26 sq.) wreathed round the head et nodus sub linguá quem cantharum appel- of the deity, as the symbol of eternity. lant; Plin. viii. 46. Diod. ii. 4 sqq. Cic. Ælian. GR. Diod. i. Macr. i. 20. Ov. N. D. 83. Macr. i. 22. Ammian. xxii. Am. II. xiii. 13. M. ix. 693. (H.) V. PR.

Flac. iv. 418. (BU.) R. I recollect Anubis, the son of Osiris or Typhon, that when I was in Italy, a bust of Isis was the constant companion of Osiris and was found, thus incircled; and was then Isis (the sun and moon); he is repre- thought, by the literati, to give light to sented as a man with a dog's head, from this very passage.” G. which he is called canis ; xv. 8. latrans 539. • Of that priest.' VS. Anubis ; Prop. III. xi. 41. latrator ; Meditata' studied.' Virg. Æ. viii. 698. PR. Cf. Diod. i. 18. • Mumbled prayers.' a. 289 sq. haud 87. Herod. ii. 66 sq. • The chief-priest cuivis promptum est mur mur que humiwho personates Anubis laughs in his lesque susurros tollere de templis, et aperto sleeve at the credulous folly of the people vivere volo; Pers. ii. 6 sq. &c. GR. Soph. bewailing their lost god. viii

. 29. In the El. 638 sqq. ó páros egy iz wdar irotor. expression currit derisor, there may be an Boguous Luc. Nix. 7. Hor. I Ep. xvi. 59 allusion to the appearance of a dog lol- 599. The precept of Pythagoras was justà ling out bis tongue and grinning when purins sózso: because the person, who is fatigued with running. Pers. i. 60. CAS. vera simplicitate bonus, recti custos, mirator HN, R. LU.

honesti, is one-nihil arcano oui roget ore 535. These gloomy and fantastic pro- deos; Mart. I. xl. 4–6. tunc seito, te cessions in quest of Osiris continued for esse omnibus cupiditatibus solutum, quum several days; during which the female eo perveneris, ut nihil deum roges, nisi votaries of Isis, in sympathy for her loss, quod rogare possis palam. nunc enim abstained from intercourse with their hus. quanta dementia est hominum ? turpissima bands. G. SA. This abstinence was votu diis insusurrant: si quis admoverit generally for a period of nine days. Prop.uurem, conticescent et, quod scire hominem II. xxxiii, 1 sqq. IV. v. 34. Tib. 1. iii. 23 nolunt, deo narrant; Sen. (from Athenosqq. Ov. Am. III. x. I. The priest in- dorus) Ep. 10. Tib. II. i. 83 sqq. R. K. tercedes with his god for the offender. 540. The goose' is not mentioned at LU.

random : that bird was usually sacrificed 537. ' For having profaned the snowy to Isis, and in Egypt constituted the chief sheeting ;' vij. 221. cadurcis destituta food of her priests. The Romans were at fasciis, nuda ; Sulp. VS. Tib. IV. ii. 1. first a little scandalized at this treatment BK. nullum est candidius linum lanæve of the ancient guardian of their capitol, similius, sicut in culcitis præcipuam gloriam but use soon reconciled them to it. G. obtinent Cadurci; Plin. xix. 1. a peo- Herod. ii. 45. GR. ib. 37. ple of Aquitain in Gaul, now • le Quercy,' 541. ' The thin cake,' sarapór Phiwith a town, of which the ancient name lostr. V. Ap. v. 9. Ov. F. i. 453 sq. was Cadurcum, the modern · Cahors.' (H. BU.) Philip. Ep. x. in Br. An. PR. R.

t. ii. p. 214. BO, 217. R. 538. • To have shaken in his anger.' It is Osiris, and not Isis, who is of.

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Quum dedit ille locum; cophino fænoque relicto
Arcanam Judæa tremens mendicat in aurem,

Interpres legum Solymarum et magna sacerdos 545 Arboris ac summi fida internuntia cæli.

Implet et illa manum, sed párcius: ære minuto.
Qualiacumque voles Judæi somnia vendunt.
Spondet amatorem tenerum vel divitis orbi

Testamentum ingens, calidæ pulmone columbæ 550 Tractato, Armenius vel Commagēnus haruspex ;

Pectora pullorum rimatur et exta catelli,

fended. The goddess understood her 545. Nil præter nubes et coeli numen
trade too well, to be offended seriously adorant ; xiv. 97. R.
with a peccadillo of this kind; but then • The trustworthy agent by whom the
it was necessary that her husband should will of heaven is revealed. Augurs and
be represented as extremely delicate on birds are called Jovis internuncii et
the subject ; otherwise, no goose for the interpretes; Cic. Phil. xiii. 5. Div.ii.
priest. G. Macr. i. 20 sq. PR. viii. 29. R. 34. R.

542. Cf. iii. 14 sqq. PA, Domitian laid 546. The Jews appear then to have
a heavy poll-tax on this people ; and, held the same place in society, as Gipsies
that they might not evade it, they were at the present day. GR.
enjoined not to appear abroad without 547. See Ezek. xiii. “ Have ye not
the basket and hay, the badges of their seen a vain vision, and have ye not
condition. To avoid being detected and spoken a lying divination, whereas ye
insulted by the rabble when they entered say, The Lord saith it: albeit I have
the city, these poor persecuted wretches not spoken?” v. 7. Will ye pollute
laid aside their degrading accompani- me for handfuls of barley and for pieces
ments. This accounts for the epithet of bread ?" ibid. 19. &c. M. Pers. ii.
tremens, which Juvenal applies to the 57. K.
female fortune-teller ; who, if she had 548. Spondet,' solemnly engages,' is a
been discovered, would, in spite of her stronger word than promittit ; iii. 43.
lofty pretensions, have been severely Cic. for Mur. 41. extr. Sen. Ep. 19.
punished for contempt of the imperial Ov. Her. xvi. 114. V. Flac. vi. 117.
regulations. G. Mart. VII. lv. SCH. (BU.) de infante Scribonius mathematicus
Suet. Dom. 12. Joseph. B. J. vii. 7. præclara spopondit ; Suet. Tib. 14. Id.
PR.

Oth. 4. R. 543. Tremens may also mean'shiver- 549. · The lungs,' the liver, and the ing,' as beggars do, to excite compassion. heart were the parts chiefly examined in v. 11. GR. a matre doctus rogare Judæus; divinations. Luc. i. 621 sqq. Cic. de Har. Mart. XII. lvii. 13.

Resp. 9. Dio 39. 58. R. 544. ^ Expounder of the laws of Jeru- • Doves' were sacrificed to Venus, and salem.' BRI. Plin. v. 14. PR.

from the preceding line this appears to By the words high-priestess of the have been a love affair. SCH. tree' is probably meant of the Egerian 550. Commagene was a part of Syria grove,' the degradation of which is so between Mount Amanus and the Eu. indignantly deplored in the third Satire. phrates. R. Like the Norwood of our metropolis, it Harusper ; ii. 121. PR. might be frequented by such of the vulgar 551. Pectoribus inhians spirantia conas were anxious to enquire their fortunes. sulit exta ; Virg. A. iv, 64.VS. The menIn that case some favourite tree might be tion of these smaller animals is to throw the place of rendezvous, and this Betty ridicule on the pretensions of such forSquires its most infallible oracle. G. Sen. tune-tellers. R. Med. 349. FA.

Catelli; see Paus. VI. ii. 2. PA.

cloth anfitrión Interdum et pueri : faciet, quod deferat ipse.

Chaldæis sed major erit fiducia: quidquid Dixerit astrologus, credent a fonte relatum 555 Hammonis; quoniam Delphis oracula cessantirilecek

Et genus humanuin damnat caligo futuri. Ceinte

552. • Of a child.' cf. Psalm cvi. 37 distressed for water, in his Libyan expe. sq. Plut. de Herod. Mal.(near the begin- dition, a ram suddenly appeared from ihe ning); Macr. ii. 7. PR. Ammian. sand and led bim to a fountain' BacXXIX. ii. 17. Eus. H. E. viii. 14. chus regarded this ram as Jupiter, and, Cassiod. H.Tr. vi. 48. Theodoret. iii. 21, accordingly, built a magnificent temple LN. R.

to Jupiter Hammon on the spot where Egnatius (iii. 116) is here again al- the water was found : the name of Ham. Juded to, who after instigating the daugh. mon being derived from @pepeos sand,' ter of Soranus to magical arts, denounced and ram's horns being attributed to the her to the emperor Nero; by whose deity. Hygin. P. Astr. ii. 20. This temorder, she suffered at the same time with ple is environed by a thick forest, the her father. VS. This anecdote may be only one in those parts, Luc. ix. 522--genuine, though Tacitus does not mention 527. Curt. IV. vii. 16. and by several it; An. xvi. 32. G.

springs, among others the celebrated Deferat; 220. R. i. 33. iv. 48. M. fountain of the sun' (which is here put

553. Chaldæa and its capital Babylon for the oracle itself): Herod. ii. 42. iv. were famous for the astrological skill of 181. Diod. i. 13. xvii. 50. Plin. ii. 103. the inhabitants. In that city there was v. 5. vi. 29. Curt. IV. vii. 22. Lucr. vi. the temple of Belus said to be the inven- 848 sqq. Ov. M. xv.

309 sqq. Sil. iii. 669 tor of the science. Plin. vi. 26. Cic. Div. sqq. R. FA. PR. The fount that play'd i. 2. 92. Gell. i. 9. xiv. 1. Diod. ii. 3. In times of old through Ammon's shade, iii

. 8. xvii. 11 sq. See K, and CAS, on Though icy cold by day it ran, Yet still, Pers. v. 46 sqq. These · Chaldæans' like souls of mirth, began To burn when among other names were called • astro- night was near ;" Moore, Irish Melodies. logers' 554, and mathematicians :' 562. • The oracle of Apollo at Delphi' is Among the benign stars they reckoned said to have ceased' at the birth of Venus ; 570. among those of malignant Christ: Me puer Hebræus divos Deus aspect were Saturn, 569 sq. and Mars, x. ipse gubernans cedere sede jubet, &c. cf. 313 sq. Ov. Am. I. viii. 29. From casting Plut. de Or. Def. PR. Eus. Pr. Ev. v. a person's nativity, 579. or observing his p. 205 sqq. Cic. Div. ii. 57. Strab. xvii. horoscope, Suet. Aug. 94 extr, they pre- p. 553. Luc. v. 112 sqq. CAS. Antib. Ex. dicted future events, and the hour and i. 12. It is mentioned, however, as havday at which any affair of importance ing given responses in the reigns of Nero ought to be transacted, 575 sqq. For this and Julian; Suet. Ner. 40. Themist. Or. purpose they used books, 578. or tables, xix. Theodor. H. E. iii. 21. R. and again 558. and diaries, 574. which contained at the birth of Honorius (unless it be the positions &c. of the stars at any given merely the poet's fiction); et dudum time, iii. 43 sqq. The calculations which taciti rupere silentia Delphi; Claud. IV were requisite in judicial astrology were Cons. Hon. 144. If the oracle of Jupiter called numeri Thrasylli; 576. Babylonii Hammon did survive the rest, it was pronumeri; Hor. I Od. xi. 2. Chaldaicæ bably because, as Voltaire says of El rationes; Cic. Div. ii. 47. 42 sqq. cf. vii. Dorado, few or none could go to seek it. 194 sqq. ix. 33. xiv. 248 sqq. xvi. 4. G. Manil. iii. 160 sqq. iv. 122 sqq. 294 sqq. 556. • Punishes,' PR. or renders Ov. lh. 209 sqq. Macr. Plin. ii. 8 sqq. them miserable,”: leads them headlong vii. 49. Prop. IV. i. Hor. II Od. xvii. on their ruin,'cf. Virg. Æ. xii. 727. HK. 17—24. (MI. JN.) Tac. An. iv. 58. iii. 116. or torments : prudens futuri (ER.) Ammian. XXVIII. iv. 24. (LN.) temporis exitum caliginosa nocte preR. PR.

mit deus ridetque si mortalis ultra fas 554. Cf. viii. 125. R.

trepidat ; Hor. IV Od. xxix. 29 sqq. 555. It is fabled that Bacchus being R.

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Præcipuus tamen est horum, qui sæpius,exsul,
Cujus amicitiâ conducendaque tabella und

Magnus civis obtt et formidatus Othoni.
560 Inde fides arti, sonuit si dextera ferro hende.

Lævaque, si longo castrorum in carcere mansit.
Nemo mathematicus genium indemnatus habebit :

“ lieto

len turk "I blind Sed qui pæne perit, cui vix in Cyclada mitti

Contigit et parvâ tandem caruisse Seripho. 565 Consulit ictericæ lento de funere matris,

Ante tamen de te, Tanaquil tua: quando sororem

carcere mansit. Els

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557. Understand fuit. BRI. iii. 309 sq. Those, whose predictions

This astrologer was eleucus, Suet. concerned the life of princes or other
Oth. 4–6. PR. or Ptolemæus ; Tac. H. matters of state were often thrown into
i. 22. Plut. which were, probably, but prison and not released unless their words
different names of the same person. BU, were verified by future events. LI. Suet,
ER. The professors of astrology were Tib. 14. PR. 1 Kings xxii. 7—_28.
alternately banished and recalled, per- 561. In stationary camps (answering
secuted and cherished, as the events to our barracks) there was a black-hole
they predicted were prosperous or adverse in which malefactors were confined ; and
to the fortunate candidates for power. when the troops changed their quarters,
That they were the occasion of frequent the prisoners were moved in chains. Tac.
commotions among this ambitious and A. i. 21. iii, 22. R.
credulous people, cannot be doubted ; 562, Quos gentilitio vocabulo Chal-
and Tacitus says of them with equal dæos dicere oportet, mathematicos
truth and spirit, hoc genus hominum poten- vulgus appellat ; Gell.i. 9. PR.
tibus infidum, sperantibus fallux, quod in Genius,' VS. (in which case habebit
civitate nostra et vetabitur semper, et re- means' will be thought to have;') LU. or
tinebitur ; H. i. 22. ii. 62. A. ii. 32. xii. good luck :' cf. Mart. VI. Ix. 10. VII.
52. Suet. Tib. 36. Vit, 14, R. G. Ixxvii. 4. Hor. II Ep. ii. 186 sqq. and v.

558. Ptolemy accompanied Otho into 22. R.
Spain and there predicted that he would Indemnatus “ Who has not narrowly
survive Nero. Érom his success in this escaped the rope.” G.
instance (says Tacitus) he took courage 563. " Who has--Begg'd hard for
and ventured to predict his elevation to exile, and by special grace, Ohtain'd
the empire. Otho believed it (or rather confinement in some desert place.” G.
affected to believe it), and from that • One of the Cyclades.' i. 73. R. See
moment he determined to work the de- note on Her. v. 30.
struction of Galba. In the dreadful 564. "To have been liberated.' PR.
scenes which followed, Ptolemy was a Seriphus one of this group, now called
principal actor. G. LU. The effect of • Serfino,' is a barren rock about twelve
such predictions on an ambitious spirit is miles in circumference. x. 170. Ov. M. vii.
finely exemplified in the tragedy of Mac- 464. Plin. iv. 12 s 22. viii. 58. Strab. X.
beth. “ 'Tis strange: And oftentimes, p. 487. PR. R.
to win us to our harm, The instruments 565. “ In doubt How long her jaun-
of darkness tell us truths, Win us with diced mother will hold out." G. ixtiges
honest trifles, to betray us In deepest morbus regius. Plin. xx.9. xxx. 11. xxxvi.
consequence;" I. ii.

31. xxxvii. 10. cf. ii. 43. PR. R.
Conducenda · dearly purchased,' LU. 566. • Thy future spouse :' Tanaquil
• venal'• mercenary.' 586.

i ua nesciut illud ; Auson. Epist. xxii. 31. 559. · The great citizen' was Galba. aquil, the wife of Tarquin the elder, Suet. 19. PR. cf. i. 63. R. ii. was a marvellous adept in the art of

divination. VS. accepisse id augurium læta 506. • Has clanked with chains.' VS. dicitur Tanaquil, perila (ut vulgo Etrusci)

104 sq.

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Efferat et patruos; an sit victurus adulter
Post ipsam ? Quid enim majus dare numinå possunt?

Hæc tamen ignorat, quid sidus triste minetur
570 Saturni, quo læta Venus se proferat astro,

Qui mensis damnis, quæ dentur tempora lucro.
Illius occursus etiam vitare memento, tienes
In cujus manibus, ceu pinguia sucina, tritas

Cernis ephemeridas; quæ nullum consulit et jam
575 Consulitur; quæ, castra viro patriamve petente,
" Non ibit paritér numeris revocata "Thrasylli.
Ad primymi lapidem vectari quum placet

, hora
Sumitur ex libro: si prurit frictus ocelli
Angulus, inspecta genesi collyria poscit

.

.

cælestium prodigiorum mulier; Liv. i. 34. modum lædæ accenditur alitque fiammam PR. IV. 39. 41.

pingu em et olentem : mox ut in picem 567. Effcrat; i. 72. R.

resinamve lentescit ; Tac. G. 45. R. 569. · Even she is less hateful who 575. The superstition of being guided gains her knowledge of the stars at second in every thing by astrological calculations hand, than a wife who is herself a pro- appears to have struck its roots inconficient in the celestial lore.' VS.

ceivably deep. Nearly three centuries 570. See note on 553. R. vii. 194. after Juvenal's time, we find the Romans grave Saturni sidus in omne caput; characterized by the same folly, and al. Prop. IV. i. 84. BRI. Pers. v. 50. Hor. most in the same words: multi apud eos II Od. xvii. 22. M. frigida Saturni negantes esse superas potestates in cælo, nec stella ; Virg. G. i. 336. VS. Cic. N. D. in publico prodeunt nec prandent nec PR.

lavari arbitrantur se cautius povde, ante• In conjunction with what heavenly quam ephemeride scrupulose sciscitata body.' This was the moon, according to didicerint ubi sit signum Mercurii ; &c. Cicero, Pliny, and Macrobius. PR." In Ammian. XXVIII.iv. 24. Here we have what sign bright Venus ought to rise To Pope's "--godless regent trembling at a shed her mildest influence from the skies.” star;” Mor. Ess. i.90. Such are the monG.

strous inconsistencies of atheisin! G. R. Veneris salubre sidus; Luc. VS.

576. Thrasyllus was an eminent astroSe proferat : Suet. Ner. 6. extr. R. loger at the court of Tiberius. Suet. Aug.

571. Dentur lucro' are lucky.' Hor. I 98. Tib. 14 sq. 62. Cal. 19. Tac. A. vi. Od. ix. 14. R.

20. 22. Dio. lv. 11. VS. PR. R. 572. • Avoid her as a thing of ill 577. If she wishes to go out for a omen.' SCH.

little airing in her chair or carriage.' VS. 573. · Whose well-thumbed manual of The miles were marked by mile-stones, astrology (note on 553.)' becomes as yel. inscribed with the number, and were low, shining, and transparent, as rich am- reckoned from a golden column which ber.'VS. LU.Plin. xxxvii. 2 sq. PR.v.24. stood in the forum. These mile-stones 38. ix. 50. Ov. M. ii. 364 sqq. Mart. IV. were first put up by C. Gracchus. SCH. lix. The ladies used to hold or rub the Plut, Grac. PR. amber in their hands for the sake of its 578. The ancients considered the itchscent; Dioscor. i.93. redolent quod sucina ing of any part to be a prognostication of trila ; Mart. III. Ixv. 4 sq. fragravit ore something about to happen. J. E, Pr. iv. quoil sucinorum rapta de manu gleba; V. 7. Plaut. Mil. II. iv. 44. Bac. V. ii. 75. xxxvii

. 9. 11. spirant sucina virginea quod Amph. I. i. 139. Ps. I. i. 105. JS. Isid. regelata manu; XI. viii. 1. 6. The Or. viii. 19. R. epithet · fat' may also refer to its nature : 579. See note on 553. R. si naturam sucini admoto igne tentes, in Hic oculis ego nigra meis collyria

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