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September 7, 1628, Leonard Mawe, D. D. and Walter Curl, 9. D. were consecrated, the first, Bishop of Bath and Wells; the other, Bishop of Rochester, in the Chapel at Croydon, by this Archbishop, assisted by Richard, Neile, Wenton; John, Buckeridge, Ely; and Francis, White, Carlisle †
"October 24, 1630, This Archbishop, assisted by Richard, Neile, Winchester; Theophilus, Field, St. David's; Richard, Corbet, Oxford; and John, Bowle, Rochester; consecrated William Peirse, D.D. Bishop
also allowed the Keeper's widow £20 per annum. He attended King James on his death-bed; and assisted at the coronation of Charles I. In 1627, he was commanded by the King to license an Assize Sermon, preached by Dr, Sibthorpe, which he refused to do; on account of some reprehensible matter which it contained. For this disobedience he was confined to his house near Canterbury, and his office was put into commission; he was, however, restored upon the meeting of Parliament, but never quite recovered the Royal favor, He was a strict Calvinist, and much inclined to favor the Puritans. He died at Croydon in 1633, and was buried in the church of the Holy Trinity at Guildford, where he endowed an Hospital.
His works are chiefly Polemical, except a Geographical Description of the World.
* Reg. Abbott, pars ii. fol. 156.
of Peterborough, in his Chapel at Croydon*.
"He was succeeded by
(1633) Archbishop Laud, who in 1634 appointed Sir Edmund Scott, Knight, and Samuel Bradford, B. D. his Commissaries to visit the Hospital of the Holy Trinity at Croydon, founded by Archbishop Whitgift †.
"This Archbishop, Laud, did most certainly improve this Palace; his arms are to be seen in the North window of the guard-chamber, and also in the Chapel. In his trial pages 59 and 60, I find a long account of the painted glass windows in Lambeth Chapel: and this short one in that at Croydon, page 61, Browne, his joiner, being examined at the Lord's Bar against his will, confessed upon his oath, that in the Chapel at Croydon there was an old broken crusifix in the window, which he, by the Archbishop's direction, caused to be repaired and made complete; which picture was there remaining very lately; for which worke
Reg. Abbott, pars iii. fol. 23.
† See page 93.
Master Prynn found the Glazier's bill, discharged by the Archbishop himself, among others of his papers. He likewise put up an
Organ in the Chapel, as appears by his will, a copy of which is preserved in the manuscript library at Lambeth.
“This will, dated January 13, 1643, was not proved till January 8, 1661, by Dr Bailey President of St. John Baptist's College, Oxford; by it the Archbishop leaves to the poor of Canterbury, Lambeth, and Croydon, £10. each. Item to Mr Cobb, my Organ that is at Croydon.'
"In the times of anarchy and confusion which ensued after the death of Archbishop Laud, this palace, with the estate about it, was wrested from the See of Canterbury, and offered to sale; a particular survey for that purpose (wherein the materials of this house, which was to be taken down and sold, were valued at £1200) being made the 17th of March, 1646; to which time the palace, and every thing that belonged to it, had been leased by the then ruling powers to the Earl of Nottingham; after which the possession of it fell to Sir William Brereton, Colonel-general for the Cheshire forces, who turned the
Chapel into a Kitchen, which I suppose continued in that condition till the Restoration in
"(1660), When Archbishop Juxon repaired and fitted it up in a handsome decent manner, as appears by his arms in several parts of it, and in the North window of the guard-chamber. His successor,
(1663) Archbishop Sheldon, retired hither in the latter part of his life, after the dreadful plague of London, during which time he continued at Lambeth, and with his diffusive charity preserved great numbers alive. He died in this palace November the 9th, 1677, in the 80th year of his age*.
* This very eminent and munificent prelate, was born in the year of our Lord, 1598, at Stanton, in the county of Stafford, and entered of Trinity College Oxford, in 1613; in 1622 he was elected fellow of All Souls, and became chaplain to Lord Coventry, who was keeper of the Great Seal, He made him prebendary of Gloucester, and recommended him to King Charles. I. The King made him Vicar of Hackney, and Rector of Ickford and Newington. In 1635 he was chosen Warden of All Souls; during the civil wars he continued attached to the King, and attended as one of his Commissioners at the Treaty of Uxbridge, where he argued warmly for the King and the Church; hence he was afterwards imprisoned by the Parliament for six months, and deprived of
"The learned Mr. Henry Wharton, who has numerated his works of piety and charity, mentions amongst other repairs of his house at Fulham, Lambeth, and Croydon, £4500; and as his arms appear in the North window of the guard chamber, I make no doubt of his improving this palace.
"I pass over his successors Archbishop Sancroft, and Archbishop Tillotson, who I believe, did not at all reside here, to come to
(1694) Archbishop Tenison, whose residence I can say nothing of, but his regard
his Wardenship and Lodgings. He was liberated by the Reforming Committee October 24, 1648, on condition that he should not come within five miles of Oxford. In the Restoration, he was replaced in his wardenship, made Master of the Savoy, Dean of the Chapel-royal, and Bishop of London; and in 1663, Archbishop of Canterbury. In 1667, he was chosen Chancellor of the University of Oxford, but lost King Charles the Second's favor, by honestly advising him to dismiss his mistress, Barbara Villiers.
By his own particular directions, he ordered his body to be buried in a very private manner, and near to that of his predecessor, Archbishop Whitgift, in the church of Croydon.
He was a person of a generous and charitable mind, and expended, as appears by his books of accounts, in private and public benefactions, £66,000.