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SON OF FRANCIS EARL OF HUN

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Bt. Giles's; near Cranborn in Dorset with marrow-bones, full of hawks. thire; and this lively character of him perches, hounds, spaniels, and terriers : was really and truly drawn by Anthony the upper side of the hall hung with foxAtley Cowper, first Errior Shaftesbury, skins of this and the last year's killing; andis inicribed on the picture. I doubt here and there a pole.cat intermixed; hot but you will be glad of being able game keepers and hunters poles in great to communicate it to the public, and that abundance. they will receive it with their usual can- The parlour was a large room as prodour.

perly furnihej. On a great hearth

paved with brick lay some terriers, and THE CHARACTER OF THE HONOUR- the choicest hounds and spaniels. Sel.

ABLE W. HASTINGS, OF WOOD- dom but two of the great chairs had. LANDS, IN HAMPSHIRE ; SECOND litters of young cats in them, which were

not to be disturbed; he having always TINGDON.

three or four attending hinn at dinner; IN the year 1638 lived Mr. Hastings; and a little white round fick cf four

by his quality son, brother, and uncle teen jrches lying by his trencher, that. to the Earls of Huntingdon. He was he might defend fuch meat as he had peradventure an original in our age; or no mind to part with 10 them. The ruher the copy of our ancient nobility, windows (which were very large) served in hunting, not in warlike tiines. for places to lay his arrows, cross-bows,

He was low, very strong and very stone-bows, and other such like accouađive; of a reddith flaxen hair; his trements. The corners of the room full cloaths always green cloth, and never of the best chose hunting and hawking all worth (when new) tive pounds. poles. An oyster-table at the lower

His houle was perfectly of the old fa- end; which was of constant use twice a, Mion, in the midit of a large park well day ail the year round: for he never stocked with deer; and near the boute failed to eat oyiters, before dinner and rabbits to lerve the kitchen; many fith- tupper, through all falons; the neighponds ; great store of wood and timber; bouring town of Pool supplied him withi a bowling-green in it, long but narrow, then. full of high ridges, it being never levellest The upper part of the roon hal tivo lince it was ploughed. They used round finall tables and a dek, on the one side, fand bowls; and it had a banqueting- of wrich was a Church Bible, and on house, like a stand, built in a tree. the other the Book of Martyrs. Ou,

He kept all manner of sport hounds, the tables were hawks-hoovis, bells, and, that ran buck, fox, hare, otter, and such like; two or three old green hats,, bauger; and hawks, long and Mort with their crowus thruit in so as to hold winged. He had all sorts of nets for ten or a dozen eggs, which were of a Sh. He liad a walk in the New Fo- pheasant kind of poultry he took much Teft, and the manor of Christ Church. care of and fed himself. Tables, dice, Tuis last supplied him with red deer, cards, and boxes, were not wanting. In lea and river fish. And indeed all his the hole of the delk were itore of tobacco, heighbours ground and royalties were pipes that had been used. free to him, who bestowed all his time On one side of this end of the room on these sports, but what he borrowed was the door of a closet wherein stood to caress his neighbours wives and daugh- the Itrong beer and the wine, which never ters; there being not a woman in all

his came thence but in single glafles; that waiks, of the degree of a yeoman's wife being the rule of the house exaatly oh. or under, and under the age of forty, served: for he never exceeded in drink but it was extremely her fauit if he was or permitted it. Dit intimately acquainted with her. On the other Gide was the door into This made him very popular, always an old chapel, not used for devotion, Iparking kindly to the husband, brother, The pulpit, as the lafest place, was never or father; who was to hoct very wel. wanting of a coid chine of beef, venison, cime to his house, whenever he canne: palty, gammon of bacon, or great appleThere he found beef, pudding, and pye with thick cruit, extremely baked. mall.beer, in great plenty. A houde His table cost him not much ; though not so neatly kept as to shame him or it was good to eat at. liis sports supkis dirty flogia the great hall Itrewed plied all but beef and inution, except

Fridays,

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Friday's, when he had the beit falt fish He was well-natured, but soon angry, (as well as other fith) he could get; and calling his servants Battards and cuck was the day his neighbours of best qua. oldy Knaves, in one of which he often lity mott visited him. He never wanted spoke truth to his own knowledge; and a London pudding, and always lung it fometimes in both, though of the same in with. My part lies therein-a.' He man. He lived to be an hundred ; never drank a glass or two of wine at meals; lost his eye-light, but always wrote and very often tyrup of gilliflower in his read without spectacles; and got on Tack; and had always a run glais, with- horteback without help. Until past fourout feet, itood by him, holding a pint of score he rode to the death of a stag as small beer, which he often itirred with well as any. rosemary

I am, dear Cousin, your's, &c.

N° LXXXII. THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1755.

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THOUGH the following letter was fquire of the company, tippling among

criginally written for the instruc. a parcel of idle wretches, whose undertion of a young gentleman going to the ftandings are nearly on a level with his University; yet as it contains several just dogs and horses. and fennitsle reflections, which may be It has been an established maxim, that of use to many of my readers, I have the world will always form an opinion willingly complied with the request of of persons according to the company my correspondent in making it the en- they are known to keep. In the Unitertainment of to.day.

verticy, as well as in other places, there

are people whom we ought to avoid as PEAR SIR,

we would the plague: and as it is of the As you are now going to the Univerutinot consequence, whether you plunge

liiy, I would not be thought to pay at once into extravagance and debauchfo ill a compliinent to your own natural ery, or fink gradually into indolence good fenfe, as to suppose that you will and stupidity, I Niall point out fonie of not (like many young gentlemen of for- these pests of society in as few words as tame) in fome meature apply yourself pollible. to ttudy: otherwise the time you spend The first person I would caution you there will be entirely loft; for (as Swift against is the wretch that takes delighir very juitly remark's) all ornamental to turn religion into ridicule: one who

parts of education are better taught in employs that speech, which was given • other places.' At the same time I do: him by God to celebrate his praise, in not mean that you should commence Pe- questioning his very being. This, as dant, and be continually poring on a it is impious in iufelf, is likewise the book; fince that will rather puzzle than height of ill-manners. It is hoped there inform the understanding. And though are but few of them to be met with in I know many sprightly young gentle- a place of sound dc&rine and religious men of lively and quick parts affect to education : but wherever they are, they despite it altogether, it will be necessary. ought to be avoided as much as possible; 10 learn something of Logic; I mean in and if they will force themselves into the fame manner one would learn }'enc- our company, they should be used with ing--not to attack others, but to defend the same contempt with which they have one's lell. In a worri, you will find it the hardiness to treat their Maker. And a great unhappinets, when you return this, I can affure you, may be done fafehither, if you do not bring with you ly: for I never knew any body, who fome tale for reading: for a mere coun- was above the fear of God, but was try genteman, who can find no fociety under the most terrible apprehencions in books, will have little else to do, be. whenever attacked by man. fdes following lis bports, but to fit as The next character, whom I would

advise

advise you to shun, is the Gamester, in not from any great share of ill-nature, fome respects not unlike the former. but from a vain pride of thewing one's The gaming-table is his shrine, and for- parts, or skill in argumentation. It is tune his deity; nor does he ever speak frequently observed of young Acadeor think of any other, unless by way of mics in particular, that they are very blasphemy, oaths, and curses, when he apt impertinently to engage people in a has had a bad run át cards or dice. He dispute, whether they will or not. But has not the least notion of friendship; this is contrary to all the rules of good but would rum his own brother, if it breeding, and is never practised by any might be of any advantage to himself. man of sense that has seen much of the He indeed professes himfelf your friend; world. I have sometimes known a perbut that is only with a design to draw son of great fauciness and volubility of you in: for his trade is inconsistent with expression confuted by the Argumentum the principles of honour or justice, with. Baculinum, and both his head and his out which there can be no real friend- fyllogism broken at the fame tiine. thip. It should, therefore, be the care I need not point out to you the proof every gentleman, not to hold any fligate Rake or the affected 'Coxcomb, as commerce with such people, whose ac- persons from whose company you can quaintance he cannot enjoy without give reap no sort of benefit. From the first ing up his eitate.

the good principles already instilled into The next person, whom you ought to you will doubtless preserve you; and I beware of, is the Drunkard; one that am sure you have too much real sense takes an unaccountable pleasure in fap. noť to despise the absurd fopperies of the ping his conftitution, and drowning his latter. Noted Liars are no less to be understanding. Heconftantly goes senfe- avoided, as the common pests of society. Jess to bed, and rifes maukish in the They are often of a mischievous dispomorning; nor can he be easy in body or fition, and by their calumnies and false mind tilt he has renewed his dore, and suggestions take a pleasure in setting the again put himself beyond the reach of most intimate friends at variance. Bu reflection. I would, therefore, entreat if they only deal in harmless and improyou by all means to avoid an habit, bable lyes, their acquaintance muft frewhich will at once ruin your health, quently be out of countenance for them and impair your intellects. It is a mil- and if we should venture to repeat after fortune, that fociety should be esteemed them, I am sure it is the way to be out tull and infipid without the assistance of of countenance for ourselves. the tortle to enliven it: so that a man But above all I must advise you never cannot entirely refrain from his glass, to engage, at least not with any degree if he keeps any company at all. But of violence, in any Party. Be 'not let it be rentembered, that in drinking, transported by the clamorous jollity of as well as in talking, we ought alway's talking patriots beyond the sober dica to keep a watch over the doors of our tates of reason and justice; nor let the • lips.

infinuating voice of corruption tempt you A Lownger is a creature that you will to barter your integrity and peace of often fee lolling in a coffee house, of mind for the paltry satisfaction of imfauntering about the freers, with great proving your fortune. If you behave calmness, and a molt inflexible stupidity with honour and prudence, you will be in his countenance. He takes as much regarded and courted by all parties; but pains as the Sot to fly from his own if otherwise, you will certainly be dethoughts; and is at length happily ar. spised by all. Perhaps indeed, if you rived at the higheft pitch of indolence, Thould hereafter engage in elections, and hoth in mind and body. He would be spend your own money to support an. as inoffenfive as he is dull, if it were other's cause, the person in whose innot thar his idleness is contagious; for, terest you are may thake you by the like the torpedo, he is sure to benumb hand, and swear you are a very honest and take away all sense of feeling from gentleman-just as butchers treat their every one with whom he happens to bull-dogs, who spit in their mouths, come in contact.

clap them on the back, and then halloo It were also beft to forbear the com them on to be tossed and torn by the pany of a Wrangler, or a person of a horns of their antagonist. litigious temper, This sometimes arises, After having guarded you against the

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evil in Auence of your own lex, I cannot pens that mutual love gives way to make conclude without tlırowing in a word or tual reproaches. We may perhaps too two concerning the Ladies. But that late repent of our bargain: and though I may not be thought unmannerly to the Repentance be anexcellentvisiting friend, fair, Í shall pafs over their faults; only when the reminds us of our pait miscarhoping, that their excellencies will not riages, and prescribes rules how to avoid tempt you to precipitate a match with them for the future, yet she is a most one much your inferior in birth and for- troublesome companion when fixed upon tune, though' endowed with every ac- us for life. • complishment requisite to make the I am, dear Sir, • marriage state happy." In these harty

Your sincere friend, &c. and unequal matches it sometimes hapo

H. A.

'NO LXXXIII. THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1755.

TOT PARITER PELVES, TOT TINTINNABULA DICAS
PULSARI,

Juv.

ROUGH REPETITION ROARS IN RUDEST RHYME,
AS CLAPPERS CLINKLE IN ONI CHARMING CHIME.

SIN
VINCE genius is the chief requisite service, has been accounted one of the

in all kinds of poetry, nothing can first excellencies in vertification, and be more contrary to the very essence of has indeed received the sanction of some it, than the adopting as beauties, er- of our belt potts : but wherein the beauty tain arts which are merely mechanical, of it consilis, is something difficult to There are daily arising many whimsical discover; lince Quarles or Withers might excellencies, which have no foundation practise it with as much adroitness as in nature, but are only countenanced by Dryden or Spenser. It is one of those the present mode of writing. With modern arts in poetry, which require these it is as easy to fill our compositions, no fancy, judgment, or learning, in the as to dress ourselves in the fashion: but execution : for an author may huddle the writer who puts his work together the same letters on each other again and in this manner, is no more a poet than his again, as mechanically as the printer setaylor. Such productions often betray lects his types, and ranges thein in great labour and exactness, but thew no whatsoever order he pleases. genius: for those who sit down to write This partial attachment to particular by rule, and follow dry receipts how letters is a kind of contrast to the famous

poems bould be made, may compose Odyssey of Tryphiodorus, where every their pieces without the least assistance letter in the alphabet was in it's turn exfrom the imagination; as an apothecary's cluded; and the Alliterator must be as prentice, though unable to cure any busily employed to introduce his fadisease, can make up medicines from vourite vowel or consonant, as the Greek the physician's prescription, with no poet to shut out the letter he had promore knowledge of phyfic than the names Icribed. Nothing is esteemed a greater of the drugs. Thus the Muse, that beauty in poetry, than an happy choice ought to fly, and • ascend the brightest of epithets; but Alliteration reduces all • heaven of invention,' walks in lead. the elegancies of expression to a very ing-itrings, or is supported by a go.cart. narrow compass. Epithets are culled,

Among the many poetical tricks of indeed, with great exactness; but the this fort, none have been more succesf- closest relation they are intended to bear fully practised, or had more advocates to the word to which they are joined, is and admirers, than a certain fantastic that the initials are the same. Thus cal conceit, called Alliteration: which the fields must be flowery, beauty must is nothing more than beginning two, be beaming, ladies must be lovely; and three, or perhaps every word in a line, in the fame manner muft the waves with the same letter. This method of wind their watery way,' the blusterrunning divisions upon the alphabet, ing blasts blow,' and locks all loosely and presling particular letters into the lay,' not for the sake of the poetry,

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but the elegance of the Alliteration. There are many instances, where AlliThis beauty has also taken poffeffion of teration, though studioully introduced, many of our tragedies; and I have seen renders the verlification rough and inharladies woord and heroes killed in it; monious; and I will appeal to the greatest Though I must own, I never hear an lovers of it, whether the following line, a&tor dying with deadly darts and fiery where the repetition was scarce intended,

fames,' &c. but it always puts me in is one of the most pleasing in all Virgil's mind of the celebrated pippin-woman in works Gay's Trivia, whose head, when it was severed from her body, rolled along the Neu pairie Validas in Viscera Vertite Vires. ice crying, · Pip, pip, pip,' and expired Wound not with Vigour Vast the Vicals of in Alliteration.

the Veal. The same false taste in writing,' that • wings display'd and altars rais’d,' al. It must be acknowledged, that there fo introduced Alliteration; and Acrostics is fomething very mechanical in the in particu ar are the same kind of spell- whole conitruction of the numbers in in: book poetry. It is, therefore, fome, most of our modern poetry. Sound is what extraordinary, that those sublime more attended to than ienfe, and the wrijers, who have disgraced their pages words are expected to express more than with it, did not leave this as well as the the sentiment. There are set rules to other barbarous parts of literature to the make verses run off glibly, or drawl Goths in poetry; since it is a whinical flowly on; and I have read many a poem beauty, below the practice of any writ- with scarce one tolerable thought in it, et, superior to him who turned the that has contained all these excellencies Æneid into Monkish verses. Shake of versification: for which reason I muft speare, woo was more indebted to nature confess myself no friend to those critics then art, has ridicule) this low trick who analyse words 'and fyllables, and with great humour in his burlesque tra- discover latent beauties in every letter, gedy of Pyramus and Thife. Belides when the author intended that the whole that noted passage

fhould be taken together. Poetry should With blade, with bloody blameful blade, seem at least to Aow freely from the He bravely broach'd his builing bloody breat, imagination, and not to be squeezed

from the droppings of the brain. If we he before introduces a mock rant, which would endeavour to acquire a full idea Bortom calls Ercles' vein; which is not of what we mean to describe, we should only rank fustian, but is also remark. then of course express ourselves with able for it's Alliteration. "To make force, elegance, and perspicuity; and

all fplit the raging rocks, and hiver- this native {trength of expression would ing shocks shall break the locks of have more true energy than elaborate prifon gates and Phibbus car shall phrases, and a quaint and ftudied coin

ih ne from far, and make and mar the bination of words and letters. Fine ' foolih fates,' In this strange itile numbers are undoubtedly one of the have whole poems been written; and chief beauties in poetry; but to make every learned reader will recollect on the sound echo to the lense, we thould this occasion the Pugna Porcorum per make the sense our chief obje&t. This P. Porciuin Pelagium Poetam, which I appears to me to have been the manly with come of our poetasters would tranf- practice of the ancients, and of our own late in the true Spirit of the original, Shakespeare, Milton, &c. who breathed and praise pigs and pork with all the the true spirit of poetry, without having beauties of Aliteration.

recourse to little tricks and mean artifices The advocates and admirers of this which only serve to disgrace it. A good pradice have asserted, that it adds fig. writer, who would be above trifling even 1 ficance and Atrength of expresion to with a thought, would never pursue their verses; but I fear this boasted words, and play with letters, but leave energy feldom appears to the reader. Such a childith employment for the small The Alliteration either remains unre. fry of slymers, who amuse themièlves garded, or, if it is very striking, dif- with anagrams and crambo. The true guts those who perceive it; and is often poet trusts to his natural ear and strong in itself, from such a disagreeable clufter conception, and knows that the versifiof the same letters, harth and uncouth. cation is adapted to the sentiment, with

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