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Thinkest thou that they be coblers, tapsters, or such like

Oft I've seen,

There goes through the whole length of it a spacious walk base mechanicall people, that write these bills and scrolls Ey'n at her frown the boist'rous uproar cease,

of the finest gravel, made to bind and unite so firmly, that which are found daily in thy prætor's chair, and not the And the mad pickers, tam'd to diligence,

it seems one continued stone.--Tatler, No. 179. noblest inen and best citizens that do it?

Cull from the bin the sprawling sprigs, and leaves
North. Plutarch, p. 820. That stain the sample, and its worth debase.

The law, by which all creatures else are bound,
Smart. The Hop Garden, b. ii.

Binds man the lord of all. Couper. Task, b. i. The peeres and captaines of Israel are driven manicled through the Assyrian streets, and billeted to the severall

O'er twice three pickers, and no more, extend

Where in the crost the russet hay-rick stands, places of their perpetuall servitude.

The binman's sway.

Id. Ib.

The dextrous binder twists the sedgy bands,
Bp. Halt. Cont, The Utter Destruction of Israel.

Across the stack his sharp-edg'd engine guides,
BI'NAL. Bis, Binus, two.

And the hard mass in many a truss divides.
Seldome ever hath extremity of mischief seized, where
BI'NARY.

Scott. Amabean, Ecl. 2. easier afilictions have not been billeted before.

Twofold, double.
Id. Cont. Haman Disrespected.

BI-NO'MINOUS. Bis, Binus, two, and No.
Thor. I have 'em already, Somerton.

men, a name. Robin, you must know, is the best man in town for carry- Somerton. Binal revenge all this. ing a billet; the fellow has a thin body, swift step,

Having two names. demure

Ford. Witch of Edmonton, Act iii, sc. 2. los, sufficient sense, and knows the town. Spectator, No. 498. Pythagorus aflirmeth, that of the two first principles, unity

Expect not I should reckon up their several names, bewas God, and the soveraign good; which is the very nature

cause daily increasing, and many of them are binominous, Our countrymen could not forbear laughing when they of one, and is understanding it selfe: but the indefinite as which, when they began to tire in sale, are quickned with

a new name.-Fuller. Worthies. Norwich. heard a lover cbanting out a billet-douz, and even the super- binary, is the devill and evill, about which is the multitude sription of a letter set to a tune.-Id. No. 29. materiall, and the visible world.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 665.

BIN-O'CULAR. Bis, Binus, two, and Oculus, As he never said-no-to any request in his life, he has So that this matter was rightly called heaven : and the an eye. See OCULAR. gives them a bill, drawn by a friend of his upon a merchant union of the passive and active principle in the creation of

Having two eyes. When applied to a tele. in the city, which I am to get changed.

this material heaven is the second day's work, and the Goldsmith. The Goodnatur'd Man, Act iii, sc. 1. binarie denotes the nature thereof.

scope ;-allowing or requiring the use of both

More. The Philosophick Cabbala, c. 1. eyes. I write this, Eliza, at Mr. James's whilst he is dressing, and the dear girl, his wife, is writing beside me, to thee.--I

BIND, v. Goth. and A. S. Bindan : Dut. So that as most animals are binocular, spiders for the get your melancholy billet before we sat down to dinner.

BIND, n.
and Ger. Binden; Sw. Binda. See multocular, having as many eyes as there are perforations

most part octonocular, and some senocular; so flies, &c. are
Sterne, Let. 84.
BI'NDER. Bond.

in their cornea.-Derham. Phys. Theol. b. viii. c. 3. note a. BILLOW, v. Sw. Goth. Bulg-ia, to bulge, BI'NDING. To tie, to fasten, to knit, to con

As in certain circumstances we invariably see one object Bi'llow, n. to belly out, to swell. nect, to confine, to put into confinement, under

appear double, so in others we as invariably see two objects Bi'llowy. To swell or heave; usually constraint or obligation ; to constrain, to oblige.

unite into one; and, in appearance, lose their duplicity. applied to the swelling or heaving of the waves.

Sir mercy, my life thou saue it me,

This is evident in the appearance of the binocular telescope.

Reid. Inquiry, c. 6. s. 13. The mariner amidde the swelling seas,

Do not that vilany, fettred that I be.
Who seeth his barke with many a billowe beaten,
In prison thou me do, but nouht in bondes bunde,

BIOGRAPHER. From Blos, life, and ypaNow here, now there, as winds and waues best please, I pray gow it be so, for schame of my kynde.

Bio'GRAPHY.
R. Brunne, p. 167.

Deiv, to grave, to write. When thundring Joue with tempest list to threaten,

BIOGRA'PHICAL. And dreades in depest gulfe for to be eaten,

A writer of the lives of Yet learnes a meane by mere necessitie

And I pursuyde this weie tel to the deeth, byndynge and individuals. To saue himselfe in such extremitie.

bytakyng into holdis men and wymmen. Gascoigne. Chorus to Jocasta, Act ii.

Wiclif. Dedis, c. 23. The character of the author, that industrious and exact

antiquary and biographer, Mr. Anthony Wood, is well known Within two dayes after, there arose another great storme, & I persecuted this way vnto the deathe byndinge and

to the learned world. at the north-east, and we lay a trie, being driven far into the deliuerynge into prison both men and women.

Wood. Athena Oxron. Booksellers to the Reader. kel, and had much ado to keepe our barke from sinking, the

Bible, 1551. Ib.

But in that he came so late thither as this author menbillone was so great.-Hackiuyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 334.

Eroude had holden Jon, and bounden him, and puttide tions, and stayed so long there as three years, which he

afterwards mentions; and, as the biographical fry who 0, doe but thinke him into prisoun.-Wiclif. Matt. c. 14.

follow have nibbled out of him ;-they are all mistaken, for You stand upon the riuage, and behold A citie on th' inconstant billowes dauncing:

Now sith it may nat goodly be withstound

he will presently appear two years before that time amounts

to, in the wars abroad.-Oldys. Life of Ralegh. For so appeares the fleet maiesticall,

And is a thing so virtuous in kind
Holding due course to Harflew.
Refuseth nought to loue for to ben bond

His biographical writings teach philosophy, at once by
Shakespeare. Hen. V. Chorus 3. Sith as him seluen list he may not bind.

precept and by example. His morals and his characters

Chaucer. Troilus, b.i. mutually explain and give force to each other. His sentiBut as a ship that vnder saile doth passe The roaring billowes and the raging streames,

And vnto thys your fathers set their hādes & seales, bind- delicate.-Langhorne. Life of Plutarch.

ments of the duty of a biographer were peculiarly just and And drawing nigh the wished port (alas)

ing them selues to compell the king to keepe thys contracte. Breaks on soine hidden rocke her ribs and beams.

Barnes. Workcs, p. 89.

Those parallel circumstances and kindred images, to Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. ii. s. 84.

which we readily conform our minds, are, above all other

The hunter seelynge both his eyen, and byndinge his (the writings, to be found in narratives of the lives of particular The beaten bark, her rudder lost, lyon's] legges strongly together, fynally daunteth his fierce

persons; and therefore, no species of writing seems more Is on the rolling billors tost;

nesse, and maketh hymn obediente to his ensygnes and tokens. worthy of cultivation than biography, since none can be Her keel now ploughs the ooze, and soon

Sir T. Elyot. The Governovr, b. ii. c. 14. more delightful or more useful, none can more certainly enHer top-mast tilts against the moon.-Cotton. Winter.

chain the heart by irresistible interest, or more widely diffuse No sleepe could seise And likewyse they did calculate that whiche mighte tran

instruction to every diversity of condition. His ez-lids; he beheld the Pleiades; scende and be ouer the ioynters or byndinge togiders of the

Johnson. Rambler, No. 60. The Beare, surnam'd the Waine, that round doth moue sayd bricques.--Nicolls. Thucydides, p. 76.

You cannot compare the history of the same events as About Orion; and keeps still aboue

Well Jessica goe in,

delivered by any two historians, but you will meet with The billexie ocean.--Chapman. Homer. Odysses, b. v

Perhaps I will returne immediately;

many circumstances which, though mentioned by one, are The billowing snow, and violence of the shower,

Doe as I bid you, shut dores after you, fast binde fast finde, either wholly omitted, or differently related by the other ; That from the hills disperse their dreadful store,

A prouerbe neuer stale in thristie minde.

and this observation is peculiarly applicable to biographical And o'er the vales collected ruin pour.

Shakespeare. Merchant of Venice, Act ii. sc. 5. writings.-Watson. Apology for Christianity.
Prior. Solomon, b. iii. Euen in those actions whereby an offence may bee occa- BI-PA'RTITE.! Bis, two, and Parliri, par-
Their legions roam without a guide,
sioned (though not giuen) charity bindes us to cleare both

Bi'PARTED. titus, to part.
Like vessels tost on ocean's billowy tide,

our owne name, and the conscience of others. Whose course unsteer'd the winds and tempests sway,

Bp. Hall. Cont. Altar of the Reubenites.

Shared, separated, divided, into two parts. And chance conducts them o'er the watry way.

For he knows, that we have no strength but what he By our by-parted crowne, of which
Lewis. Statius, b. x.
gives us; and therefore, as he binds burdens upon our

The moyetie is mine,
Without this last (judgment) the vessel is tossed by every shoulders, so he gives us strength to bear them.

By God, to whome my soule must passe, bilion, and will find shipwreck in every breeze.

Bp. Taylor, vol. i. Ser. 11. And so in time may thine,
Goldsmith. Citizen of the World.

I pray thee. Warner. Albion's England, b. iv.
There grew by this a field of corne, high, ripe; where
When first the kingdom to thy virtues due

The divine fate is also bipartite ; some theists supposing

reapers wrought, Rose from the billouy deep in distant view;

And let thicke handfuls fall to earth; for which, some other

God, both to decree and to doe all things in us (evil as well Then Albion's isle, old ocean's peerless pride,

brought

as good) or by his immediate influence to determine all Towered in imperial state above the tide. Warton. On the Marriage of the King.

Bands, and made sheaves. Three binders stood, and took actions, and so make them alike necessary to us. the handfuls reapt

Cudworth. Intellectual System, Pref. p. 1. BIN. Skinner, and after him, Tooke, derive

From boyes that gatherd quickly up; and by them arme- BI-PED. Gr. Aitovs; Lat. Bipes. Bis, two,

fuls heapt. from the A.S. Pyndan, to enclose, to pen, or pin;

Chapman. Homer. Niad, b. xviii.

and pes, a foot : in natural history as distinguished to bin, differing merely in the application, from to There too he form'd the likeness of a field

from quadruped. pen or pin. Crowded with corn, in which the reapers toil'd

Having two feet. Any thing that encloses, that confines; as a

Each with a sharp tooth'd sickle in his hand.

Along the furrow here, the harvest fell corn-bin, a wine-bin.

By which the man, when heav'nly life was ceas'd,
In frequent handfuls; there, they bound the sheaves.

Became an helpless, naked, biped beast,
Wel coude be kepe a garner and a binn
Three binders of the sheaves their sultry task

Forc'd, on a cursed earth, to fret and toil;
Ther was non auditour coude on him winne.
All plied industrious, and behind them boys

To brutes a native, himn a foreign soil.
Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 595.
Attended, filling with the corn their arms,

Byrom. An Epistle.
And off'ring still their bundles to be bound.--Couper. Ib.
You might have sene them throng out of the town:

BI-PE'NNATED. Bis, two, and Penna, a Like ants, when they do spoile the bing of corne,

We both are bound to follow heavens beheasts, For winters dread, which they beare to their den.

And tend our charges with obeisaunce mceke.

wing. Surrey. Virgile. Ænæis, b. iv.

Spenser. Faeric Qucene, b. iii. c. 6. Having two wings.

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age, &c.

For the keeping the body steady, and upright in flight, it As Cupid took his bow and bolt,

It is in effect therefore the birth-day of the world ; t1 generally holds true (if I mistake not) that all bipennated Some birding sport to find,

beginning of a new, better, eternal life to men, (offered insects have poises under the hinder parts of their wings, He chanced on a country swain,

all, and effectually bestowed on those, who will embrace i but such as have four wings or wings with elytra, none. Which was some yeoman's hind.

which we now do celebrate.--Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 43. Derhan. Phys. Theol. b. viii. c. 4.

Cupid and the Clown. Vncertaine Auctors.

However it comes about, that now they celebrate Quer
Now as touching birdlime, it is made of the berries of
BIRCH. A. S. Bire, Birce ; Dut. Berke ; misselto, gathered in harvest time before they are ripe ; for

Elizabeth's birth night, as that of their saint and patrones
yet then they were for doing the work of the Lord by art

against her.-Dryden. Religio Laici, Pref. is from the verb Brechen, splendere, to be bright; might they thrive and encrease in bignesse, but their

But why your wonder should I vainly raise ! so called from the brilliant whiteness of the bark! strength and vertue would be gone cleane, for ever making

any such glew or birdlime aforesaid. Pliny (xvi. 18) speaks of the mirabilis candor

Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 4.

My birthplace tell, and Ariadne's praise.

Fawkes. Argon. of Apollonius, b. il of the birch. It showeth wonderful white, says Holland.

As there is a preparedness to good works, so there is a An eminent person of later times, was reproached by or preparedness to evil; when the heart is thus bird-limed,

of better birth, though of meaner parts, for having former But how the fire was maked up on highte, then it cleaves to every thing it meets with.

been a carrier. His answer, for his temper and excellen And eke the names how the trees highte,

Goodwin. Å Christian's Growth, pt. ii. c. 3. judgement in it, is not to be forgotten, which was, " that As oke, fir, birch. ---Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2921. Sweet fellow-prisoners, 'twas a cruel art,

he who reproached him had once been a carrier, he woul The first invention to restrain the wing,

have been a carrier still."--Tatler, No. 294. An allegory is as much as to say as straūge speakyng or To keep the inhabitants o' the air close captive,

Useful discoveries are sometimes indeed the effect borrowed speach. As whē we say of a wanton child, this That were created to sky freedom : surely sheepe hath magottes in his tayle, he must be annoynted | The merciless creditor took his first light,

superior genius, but more frequently they are the birth with byrchin salue, which speach I borow of the shepheardes.

time and of accidents.-Reid. Inquiry, c. 1. s. 8. And prisons their first models, from such bird-loops. Tindall. Works, p. 166.

Shirley. The Bird in a Cage, Act iv. sc. 1. Those barb'rous ages past, succeeded next
The eugh, obedient to the benders will,

The birthday of invention; weak at first,
Of birds, how each, according to her kind,
The birch for shafts, the sallow for the mill.

Dull in design, and clumsy to perform.
Proper materials for her nest can find,

Cowper. Task, b.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b.i. c. 1. And build a frame, which deepest thought in man
Now, as fond fathers,
Would or amend or imitate in vain ?-Prior. Solomon, b.i. The protection of the liberty of Britain is a duty whic

they owe to themselves, who enjoy it; to their ancestor Having bound vp the threatning twigs of birch,

How oft your birds have undeserving bled,

who transmitted it down; and to their posterity who wi Onely to sticke it in their children's sight,

Linnet, or warbling thrush, or moaning dove,

claim at their hands this, the best birthright, and noble For terror, not to vse: in time the rod More mock'd, then fear'd.

Pheasant with gaily-glistening wings,

inheritance of mankind.-- Blackstone. Comment. b. iv. c. 3 Or early-mounting lark !—Warton. Ode on Shooting. Shakespeare. Meas. for Meas. Act i. sc. 4.

That government being so situated, as to have a large BIS-CUIT. Bis, and Coquere, Coctum, twic
For though no more his brow severe, nor dread

range of prospect, and as it were a bird's eye view of every baked.
or birchen sceptre awes my riper age,
thing, they might see distant dangers, and distant advan-

The article of food, so called, is not uncommonl
A sterner tyrant rises to my view,

tages, which were not so visible to those, who stood on the With deadlier weapon arm'd.- Jago. Edge-hill, b. iii. common level.—Burke. Letter to Thomas Burgh, Esq.

more than twice baked.

The Turke doth not amend his galeis, nor rigge out a
BIRD, n.

Anciently
Bridde ; from
BIRTH.
The third person of the verb

then fiftie. In Greece there is no biscoct in making, i
Bird, v.
the A.S. Brædan to broaden,
BIRTHDAY. to bear; A. S. Beorthe ; Ger.

preparacon of vitales, or other thing.
Bi'RDER. to spread abroad. So called
BIRTHNIGHT. Burt, from the verb Bæren,

Lodge. Illustrat. of British History, vol. i. p. 16
BI'RDING, adj. from the increased breadth,
Bi'RTHPLACE. That which beareth ; any

Besides this, these ioly gallauntes lefte behynd theim f
Bi'rDLIME. when the wings are expanded

BU'RTHRIGHT. manner of action which bear

haste, all their tentes, xiiii. greate gonnes and xl. barrell

Bi'rtHTIDE. or spread abroad.

eth; that which any person or of pouder, ccc. pipes of wyne, cc. pipes of bisket and flour

cc. frayles of figges and resones, and v. c. barrelles of he Augurandi studium, is rendered by Goldyng, thing beareth; (sc.) into life, into existence. Noble

rings. -Hall. Hen. VI. an. 4. Bird spelling. See Spell, and BURBOLTS. by birth; English by birth ; i. e. by family, parent

In this march a pair of shoos vvas sold for thirty shilling Ich wente forth wyde where. walkynge myn one

Birth is too established by usage, in composi

and a bisket cake for ten shillings; so great was our was In a wylde wyldernesse. by a wode syde

both of cloathing and victuals.
Blisse of briddes. abyde me made.
tion with day, night, right, &c. to allow a sepa-

Sir F. Drake. West Indian Voyage, p.
Piers Plouhman, p 169. ration.

Mr. Boreel told me, that the curious merchant used The birds that han left her song

And Jhesus passinge, saygh a man blynd fro his birthe ; other art, than the stowing of his bisket, well baked, While they han suffred cold full strong

and hise disciplis axiden hym, maister, what synnede this casks exactly calked.-Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 108. In wethers grille, and derke to sight

man, or hise eldris, that he schulde be bourn blind. Ben in May for sunne bright

Wichif. John, c. 9. The prattling about the rights of men will not be accep So glad, that they shew in singing

in payment of a biscuit or a pound of gun-powder. That in her hert is such liking And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blynd

Burke. Reflect, on the French Revoluti That they mote singen and ben light.

from his byrth. And hys dysciples asked him, saying:
Chaucer. The Rom. of the Rose.

master, who dyd sinne : this man, or his father and mother,
yt he was borne blind.- Bible, 1551. Ib.

BI-SECT. Bis, twice; and Secare, S.
These louers know well inough, the vaineglorious mindes
of many, which haue a great delight in their owne prayses And whanne a covenable day was fallen Eronde in his

To cut into two.
wherewith they be caught like as the byrder beguyleth the birth-day made a soper to the princes and tribunes and to
byrdes.-Vives. Instruct. of Christian Women, b. i. c. 14. the grettist of Galilee.-Wiclif. Mark, c. 6.

Any assigned arch or angle may be bisected by plain ce
The yonger sorte, come pyping on apace,

But when a cõuenient day was come: Herode on his

mon Geometry.-Barrow. Math. Lect. 15. In whistles made of fine enticing wood,

birth-day made a supper to ye lordes, captains & chief
Til they haue caught the birds, for whom they bryded.
estates of Galile.---Bible, 1551. Ib.

BISHOP, n. This word, upon the int
Gascoigne. Epil. to Steele Glas.

BI'shop, v. duction of Christianity, fou
On of the gretest adversitees of this world, is whan a free
Thei should haue lacked leisure to haue separate the man by kinde, or of birthe, is constreined by poverte to eten

B1/SHOPDOM. its way into all the Europ

BI'SHOPING. oyntmentes and swete spices from the bodye, seeyng they the almesse of his enemie.-Chaucer. The Tale of Melibeus.

languages.

A. S. Bisce cleaued as fast thereto as byrdelime.-Udal. John, c. 20.

Bi'sHOPHOOD.
And Jacob sayd: sel me thys daye thy byrthright. And

Dut. Bischop; Ger. Bisch

BISHOPLY.
Another parte followynge the flighte of byrdes (for the Esau answered : lo I am at the poynt to dye, and what

Sw. Biskop; Fr. Evesy
Frenchmen are above all other nations cunninge in bird profite shall this byrthright do me: and Jacob sayd: swere Bi'sHOPRICK.

It. Vescovo ; spellinge,) with muche slaughter of the barbarous nations to me then this daye. And he swore to hī, and solde his from the Gr. ERLOKOTOS, from Et, and EKom

Sp. Obi pearsed vnto the coste of Sclavonie, and reasted in Pan- byrthright vnto Jacob.-Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. 25.

to look into. A bishop is literally nonie.--Goldyng. Jusline, p. 108.

Though we were exempted from the common condition An over-looker, an over-seer.
No tree, whose branches did not brauely spring;
of our birth, yet he would not deliver himselfe from those

Milk, in Yorkshire, is said to be bishoped, we
No branch, whereon a fine bird did not sit :

ordinary rites, that implied the weaknesse, and blemishes
No bird, but did her shrill notes sweetly sing :
of humanity.--Bp. Hall. Cont. The Purification.

it is burnt. “Formerly, in days of superstit

whenever a Bishop passed through a town or No song but did containe a louely dit.

And so those od dayes the Egyptians do call at this pre-
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 6.

lage, all the inhabitants ran out in order to rec
sent, the dayes of the Epact, celebrating and solemnizing
Jul. 'Tis almost morning, I would haue thee gone,
them as the birth-dayes of their gods.

his blessing; this frequently caused the mile

Holland. Plutarch, p. 1051. the fire to be left till burnt to the vessel, and
And yet no further then a wanton's bird,
That lets it hop a little from his hand,

Macd. Let vs rather

origin to the above allusion.” (Grose, Prov. Gle Like a poore prisoner in his twisted gyues,

Hold fast the mortall sword : and like good men,

Tindale seems to point to a more specious or And with a silken thred plucks it back againe,

Bestride our downfall birthdome.

of this expression, in the rancour of the reforma So louing jealous of his liberty.

Shakespeare. Macbeth, Act iy. sc. 3.

which ascribed every ill that might betide the Shakespeare. Romeo & Juliet, Act ii. sc. 2. I do inuite you to morrow morning to my house to break

But howsoever it was, he [Polymnis] descended from

the popish bishops. one of the most noble and ancient houses of the Thebans, To bishopto perform the church ceremon fast after we'll a birding together, I haue a fine hawke for

of whom they report this notable thing: that the most part the bush.—Id. Merry Wives, Act iii. sc. 3.

confirmation. See the example from Sir The of this noble lineage carried upon their body even for a

More.
O that this young fellow,

naturall birth-mark from their mothers womb, a snake.

North. Plutarch, p. 917.
Who, on my knowledge, is able to beat a man,

For that lond that bitwene Homber, & the water
Should be baffled by this blind imagined boy,
No ominous star did at thy birthtide shine,

mese y wis
Or fear his bird-bolts.
That might of thy sad destiny divine.

Ich wene in the bischop riche of Lyncolne

ys. Massinger. The Guardian, Act iii. sc. 1. Drayion. Dudley to Lady Jane Gray.

R. Gloucester

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Bit, n.

The birshop of Canterbirie in comon alle o liche,

BI-SU'LCOUS. Bis and Sulcus ; Gr. 'OAKOS, They (the Brocks, &c.) will draw in their breath so hard, Schewed it in ilk schire, alle his bisshop riche.

R. Brunne, p. 301.
tractus, from 'EAKELV, to draw. Applied in natural

that their skin being stretched and puffed up withall, they will

avoid the biting of the hound's tooth, and checke the woundAnd by cam a man of a mayde. and metropolitanus, history to

ing of the hunter; so as neither the one nor the other can And baptisede an busshoppede. whit the blode of us herte

Cloven footed animals.

take hold of them.-Holland. Plinie, b. viii. c. 38. Alle that wilnede other wolde.-Piers Plouhman, p. 300. Others there are which make good the paucity of their

Of whose doore, her faire Were the bisshop blessid eth worth bothe heyen. breed with the length and duration of their dayes, whereof And halfe transparent hand, receiu'd the key, Hus sele sholde nogt be sent. in decect of the puple. there want not examples in animals uniparcus; first, in Bright, brazen ; bitted passing curiously,

Id. p. 4.

bisuleous or cloven hooft, as camels and becves, whereof And at it hung a knob of iuory.
there is above a million annually slain in England.

Chapman. Homer. Odysses, b. xxi. Therfore hooly britheren, and parteneris of henenli cle

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. vi. c. 6. ng, biholde ghe apostle and the bischop of oure confes

Therefore that great Creator, well foreseeing gain, Jesu which is trewe to him that made him, as also

BITCH. Of uncertain etymology; applied to

To what a monster she would soon be changing, moises in al the hous of hym.-Wiclif. Ebrewis, c. 3.

(Thongh lovely once, perfect and glorious being, ) the female of the dog, and other animals; and Curb'd with her iron bit, and held from ranging. And it is writen in the book of Salmys, the abitacioun of also, opprobriously, to a woman.

P. Flelcher. The Purple Island, c. 5. hem be maad desert, and be there noon that dwelle in it, and anothir take his biskoprieke.--Wiclif. Dedis, c. 1. Ke would set down in writing, and openly pronounce,

All the abject sorts It is wrytten in the boke of Psalmes : hys habytacion be that neither bitches loved their whelpes, nor mares their

or sorrow, I have varied, tumbl'd in dust, and hid ; vorce, and noman be dwellynge therein; and hys byshop- in respect of any reward, but freely, and by instinct of

No bit, no drop of sustenance toucht. foles, hens their chickens, and other foules their little birds

Chapman. Homer. Tiad, b. xxiv. rycke let another take. --Bible, 1551. Ib. nature.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 180.

There is an old poore man, That they call confirmacion, ye people call bishopping.

From below

Who after me, hath many a weary steppe They thinke that if the bishop butter ye childe in the forhed, that then it is safe.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 378.

By your true names of Stygian bitches you

Limpt in pure loue : till he be first suflic'd,
I will call upp, and to the sunnes light leaue.

Opprest with two weake euils, age, and hunger,

I will not touch a bil. When a thing spedeth not well, we borow speach and

May. Lucan, b. vi.

Shakespeare. As You Like II, Act ii. sc.". say, the bishop hath blessed it, because that nothing spedeth well that they medle with all. If the porage be burned to,

BITE, v.
A. S. Bitan; Dut. Byten; Ger.

A scoff and a jeer is many times more provoking than a or the meate ouer rosted, we say, the bishop hath put his

Bite, n.
Beissen; Sw. Bita.

blow ; and nothing will sooner kindle the coals of contention foote in the potte, or the bishop hath played the cooke, Bı'TER. To pinch, to squeeze, to gripe, than a viting taunt.--Hopkins. Works, p. 184. because the biskops burn who they lust, and whosoever

Bi'ting, n. displeaseth them.-Tyndall. Workes, p. 166.

to crush; to pierce, to penetrate, Massylians, that without saddles ride,

'Bı'TINGLY. to wound, to pain as a bite, or And with a wand their billesse horses guide. Nov doeth he rente his clothes, prophecying hereby, how

Bit, v.
any thing which biteth ;-literally

May. Lucan, b. iv. it shall cum to passe, that the true bishop raignynge the carnall and figuratiue bishophode shal be cleane abolished,

and metaphorically:

You may easily imagine to yourself what appearance I and set aside. - Udal. Mark, c. 14.

Biltless. A bit ; a small piece ; so much made, who am pretty tall, ride well, and was very well bit or bitten: as a bit of bread; a bit of a bridle.

dressed, at the head of a whole county, with musick before Wherefore the bishop (saith he) reuerently, and accordinge

me, a feather in my hat, and my horse well bitted. ta his biskoply office, after the holy praises of Godde's To bit-to put the bit in the mouth, to cause to

Spectator, No. 113. woorkes

, he excuseth himselfe, that he taketh vpon him to bite, gripe, or hold fast. ofter that healthful sacrifice.-M. Hardinge. Jewell, p. 567. A Bite,' (see the quotations from Swift and in a plain sensible matter, wherein 'tis as hard for them to

If this doctrine be true, then all men's senses are deceived Why sent they it by Felton to

the Spectator,) applied met. from the simpleness, be deceived as in any thing in the world : for two things Be biskoped at Paule's ?

silliness, eagerness, with which fish bite or catch can hardly be imagined more different, than a little bit of Why feed they Fitz-Morrice, that In Ireland marshal'd brawles ?

the bait,--to that unsuspecting credulity which wafer and the whole body of a man.--Tillotson, vol. i. Ser. 11. Warner. Albion's England, b. x. c. 54. seizes and swallows whatever is imposed upon it.

All is owing to the mercenary low humour of the times

we live in, who, groveling in the baser methods of getting In the person of a bishop there be three distinct faculties : And yspyted hym thour out myd an yrene spyte

money by fraud and bile, by deceiving and over-reaching his spiritual function, wherein he is a bishop ; his legal

And rostede in thys grete fure, to abbe the folle byle.

one another, scorn the glorious ways by which our ancestors ability, wherein he is a layman and hath liberty to contract,

R. Gloucester, p. 207.

grew rich, when they pursued, together with their private &r, and his temporal dignity, wherein he is a Baron and

Here now the grete dispute, & the vilenie

advantages, the honour and interest of their native country Peer of the Realm, and participateth their priviledges.

That to ther bak gan bile of Scotland the clergie.

and of their posterity.-Ilumourist, vol. ii. p. 41, Spelman. Answer to Apologie, p. 115.

R. Brunne, p. 335.

I'll teach you a way to outwit Mrs. Johnson: it is a newAnser. See the frowardness of this man, he would per- And if ghe bite and ete ech othir, se ghe lest ghe be wastid fashioned way of being witty, and they call it a bite. You ruade us that the succession and divine right of bishopdom ech fro othir.-Wiclif. Galatians, c. 5.

must ask a bantering question, or tell some damned lye in hath bin unquestionable through all ages.

a scrious manner, and then she will answer or speak as if Milton. Animad. upon Rem. Defence. If ye bite and deuoure one another : take hede lest ye be you were in earnest; then, cry you, Madam, there's a bile! consumed one of another.- Bible, 1551. Ib.

Swift. To a Friend of Mrs. Johnson, 1703. Shortly after all the bishops which had been depriued in the time of King Edward the sixt, were restored to their Right as a serpent hideth under floures,

A biler is one who tells you a thing you have no reason to bisaaprickes, and the other which were placed in King Til he may see his time for to bile.

disbelieve in itself; and perhaps has given you, before he Edward's times remooued.-Slowe. Queene Mary, an. 1553.

Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,826. bit you, no reason to disbelieve it for his saying it; and if

you give him credit, laughs in your face, and triumphs that So Cymon, since his sire indulg'd his will, Impetuous lor'd, and would be Cymon still;

What thing is than this power that may not done away he has deceived you.-Spectator, No. 504. Geesus he disown'd, and chose to bear

the bitings of businesse, ne eschew the pricks of drend.

Id. Boecius, b. iii. Their field of vision is too contracted to take in the whole The name of fool confirin'd and bishop'd by the fair.

of any but minute objects; they view all nature bit by bit; Dryden. Cymon & Iphigenia. Understandest thou not, that I am a philosopher. That now the proboscis, now the antennæ, now the pinnæ of

other man answered again bylingly and said : I had wel a flea.--Goldsmith. Citizen of the World, Let. 88. BIS-SE'XTILE. Bis and Sextilis, from Ser, vnderstand it, if thou hadst holden thy tongue stil.-Id. Ib.

When he was yet scarcely seven years old, being at dinsix ;-60 called because the sixth of the calends

Spite draue me into Boreas raigne,

ner with the queen his mother, intending to give a bil of of March was repeated; occurred twice.

Where hory frostes the frutes do bite,

bread to a great dog he was fond of, this hungry animal When hilles were spred and euery plaine

snapt too greedily at the morsel, and bit his hand in a terNow, when it was observed by this reckoning, that the With stormy winters mantle white.

rible manner.-Id. The Bee, No. 2. Inze had performed his revolution sooner than the year

Surrey. The Constant Louer Lamenleth. turned about, which before was wont to prevent the course

All plants, of ev'ry leaf, that can endure of the sunne, this error was reformed, and after every fourth

And the Lord sayd ynto Moses : make the a serpent and The Winter's frown, if screen'd from his shrewd bitr, yrare expired, came about the bisserlile aforesaid, and made hang it up for a sygne, and let as many as are bilten, loke Live there, and prosper.

Couper. Task, b. iii. all streight.-Holland. Plinie, b. xviii. c. 25.

vpon it and they shall liue.--Bible, 1551. Num. c. 21. The inconvenience attending the form of the year above

Whiche message he dissimulated as litle to regarde as the BITTER, adj. A.S. Ger. Dut, and Sw. D Dioned was in a great measure remedied by the Romans bytyng of a flee, as thoughe the Englishmen in the battaile, Bi'tter, n. Biter; A.S. Biterim, from in the time of Julius Cæsar, who added one day every fourth whiche he knewe to be at hande, could do no enterprice (as

BITTERFULL. Bitan, to bite. Applied parpest, which (from the place of its insertion, viz. after the it happened indeed) either necessary to be feared, or worthy

BITTERLY. sixth of the calends of March,) was called bissextile, or leap to be remembered.--Hall. Hen. VII, an. 3.

ticularly to the taste. year.-Priestley. On History, vol. i. Lect. 14.

BITTERNESS. Biting, piercing, penetraFor whether the braue gennet be broken with the bitte, or ting, as any thing which bites ; and thus, painful, BISSON. Bisson or Beesen, i. e. Blind. A

spurre, or with a wand, all is one if hee prove readie and hurtful, inflicting pain or distress, of mind or body; Ford still in use in some parts of the north of well mouthed.-Gascoigne. Advert. of the Author. calamity, wretchedness. England. Steevens; Bizend, Beezen, or Bison, Here hath beene wt mee a poore woman weepyng, and biind, (Grose.) In A. S. Bisen, cæcus, blind.

The whyttiour that eny whight is. bote yf he worcke ther waylyng, and crying out, howe you haue vndone her, her after Thys manne was not purblynde, or a lyttle appayred, and

poore husband, and her miserable children, for all they haue The biterour he shall a bygge.-Piers Plouhman, p. 275. decayed in syght, but as bysoine as was possible to be.

not one bitte of bread, towardes their foode, neither is she
able to labour.- Barnes. Workes, p. 208.

The bitternesse that thow hast browe, now brouk hit thy
Udal. Marke, c. 8.

self. What harme can your beesome (sc. beesen) Conspectuities The pointed steele arriuing rudely theare,

That ert doctour of deth, drynk that thou madest. His harder hide would neither pearce nor bight,

Id. p. 361. Eleane eat of his charracter, if I be knowne well enough too. Shakespeare. Coriolanus, Act ii. sc. I.

But glauncing by forth passed forward right.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 11. That if ye han bitter envie, and stryvyngis hen in youre 1 Plag. But who, O who, had seen the mobled Queen,

hertis, nyle ye haue glorie and be lieris agens the treuthe. Run bare foot vp and downe, The oration thus framed to bite and to please the soldiers

'iclif. James, c. 3. Threatning the flame

mindes, and the moderate scuerity vsed withall (for onely Witt biston rheume, ou two iustice was done) were gratefully accepted.

But if ye haue bytter enuyinge and strife in your hertes, Id. Hamlet, Act ii. sc. 2.

Sarile. Tacitus. Historie, p. 49. reioyce not: neyther be against the trueth.Bible, 1551. 16,

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.

And Petre bithoughte on the word of Jhesus, that he had She buylded Babilon and enclosed it with a wall of bricke followe the minde and ordering of her sonne : and I seide, bifore the cock crow, thries thou schalt denye me, and enterlayed with sand and bytumen, which is a kynd of slimye myndfull of her owne wise and discrete sobrenesse, dy he ghede out and wept bittirly.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 26. mortar, yssuing out of the ground, in diuers places of that yet make no blabbyng out abroade of any thing.

Udal. Luke, And Peter remembered the woordes of Jesu, whyche sayd countrye.Goldyng. Justine, p. 2. vnto hym: before ye cocke crowe yu shalte denye me thryse:

Mix with these

Whan the tounge lyeth still, if the mynde be not occu and went out at the dores and wept bytterlye.

Idæan pitch, quick sulphur, silver's spume,

well, it were less euil saue for worldleye rebuke, to ble Bible, 1551. Ib. Sea onion, hellebore, and black bitume.May.

on trifles somewhat sottishlye, than whyle they seeme The mouth of whiche is full of cursyng and bytternesse, Where is Marcus Scaurus Theater, the bituminated walls in kepyng silence, secretely paraduenture the meane w the feet of hem swifte to schede blood.-Wiclif. Rom. c. 3. of Babylon? And how little rests of the Pyramids of Egypt. to fantasye wyth therself, fylthy sinful deuises. Whose mouthes are full of curssynge and bytterness, their

Feltham, pt. i. Resolve 16.

Sir T. More. Workes, F fete are swifte to sheede bloude.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

2 Sail. Sir, we have a chest beneath the hatches, caulked Apel. (alone.) I fear me, Apelles, that thine eyes and bitumed ready

blabbed that which thy tongue durst not. Alone here I stand, full sorie and full sad, Per. I thank thee.-Shakespeare. Pericles, Act iii. sc. 1.

Lyly. Alexander & Campaspe, Act. y. s Which hoped to haue seen my lord and king Small cause haue I to be merry or glad Hee with a crew, whom like ambition joyns

Such be his chance that to his love doth wrong;
With him or under him to tyrannize,
Remembring this bitterfull deperting.

Unworthy he to have so worthy place,
Chaucer. Lam. of M. Mag.
Marching from Eden towards the west, shall finde

That cannot hold his peace and blabbing tongue;
The plain, wherein a black bituminous gurge

Light ioyes float on his lips, but rightly grace For all suche tyme of loue is lore, Boiles out from under ground, the mouth of hell.

Sinckes deepe, and th' heart's low center doth imbra And like ynto the bitter swete.

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. xii.

Spenser. Brittain's Ida, For though it thinke a man first swete. He shall wel felen at laste, A worse knob remains to be plained, how they (the trees]

To have reveal'd That it is sower, and maie not laste.-Gower. Con. A. b. viii.

are preserved sound so many ages, seeing moisture is the Secrets of men, the secrets of a friend,

mother of corruption, and such the ground wherein they are How hainous had the fact been, how deserving As cruel waves full oft be found,

found: except any will say there is clammy bituminous sub- Contempt, and scorn of all, to be excluded Against the rockes to rore and cry;

stance about them, which fenceth them from being corrupted. All friendship and avoided as a blab, So doth my hart full oft rebound,

Fuller. Worthies. Anglesey. The mark of fool set on his front?
Agaynst my brest full bitterly.
The fabric seem'd a wood of rising green,

Milton. Samson Agon
Surrey. The Constant Louer Lamenteth.
With sulphur and bitumen cast between,

Loth to betray a husband and a prince,
I haue sometimes passed the bounds of modestie (wherein

To feed the flames.-Dryden. Palamon & Arcite, b. ili. But she must burst, or blab; and no pretence I will neyther accuse, nor excuse myselfe) yet are my The Maker! ample in his bounty, spread

Of honour ty'd her tongue from self-defence. speaches in bitternesse farre inferiour to those opprobries, The various strata of earth's genial bed;

Dryden. Wife of Bath's slanders, and disdainefull wordes vttered either in the first Temper'd the subject mass with pregnant juice,

Tell us, you dead; will none of you, in pity or second admonition, or in your replie.

And subtile stores of deep and sacred use;

To those you left behind, disclose the secret ? Whitgift. Defence, p. 20. Salts, oils, and bitumen, and unctuous pitch,

Oh! that some courteous ghost would blab it out; But wise words taught in numbers for to runne, With precious, though mysterious, influence rich.

What 'tis you are, and we must shortly be.-Blair.

Brooke. Universal Beauty, b. iii. Recorded by the Muses, liue for aye;

BLACK, v.

Dut. & Ger, Black. Ne may with storming showers be washt away,

The light
Wood-nymphs; and those, who o'er the grots preside,

BLACK, n.
Ne bitter breathing winds with harmfull blast,

says, the A. S. Blac, Nor age, nor enuie shall them euer wast. Whose stores bituminous with sparkling fires,

Black, adj. bleck, is niger, bleak ; Spenser. The Ruines of Time. In summer's tedious absence, cheer the swains,

Blacken. Blac-ian, is pallere, nigres Long sitting at the loom.-Dyer. The Fleece, b. iii. BLA'CKING, n. and albescere, to be pale, to He that greedily puts his hand to a delicious table, shall weep bilterly when he suffers the convulsions and violence BI-VALVE, adj. Bis, twice, and Valva, BLA'ckISH.

or to become black; and by the divided interests of such contrary juices.

Bi'vALVE, n.

BLACKLY.

to grow or become white. Bp. Taylor, vol. i. Ser. 16. Bi'VALVED. because they fold inwards,

BLACKNESS. Blac-an, is PALLIDUM co One draught of the river that makes glad the city of God Biva’LVULAR.

BLACKGUARD. inducere ; nigrescere, denig above, can sweeten all the bitterness of the world.

ral History; as the examples sufficiently explain. BLA'ckmoor. to bleach; to put on a Bates. The Great Duty of Resignation, Direct. 1. All men are agreed to call vinegar sour, honey sweet, and

Bivalvular, or bivalve husk, is one that opens or gapes

colour, to grow or become black, to blacker

bleach. the whole length, like a door that opens in two parts. aloes bitter; and as they are all agreed in finding these

And that Blic-an, ablic-an, is, deal qualities in those objects, they do not in the least differ con

Miller. Gardener's Dictionary. fulgere, corruscare ; ( Blice, candidatus, )to whit cerning their effects with regard to pleasure and pain. They Crabs, either of this kind, or allied to them, the antients be white, to shine, to glitter. Bleak and be all concur in calling sweetness pleasant, and sourness and believed to have been the consentaneous inmates of the are used by our elder writers in correspond bitterness unpleasant. pinnæ, and other bivalves.- Pennant. British Zoology.

with pale ; and they seem to be applied whe Burke. Sublime and Beautiful. On Taste.

With respect to the figure of shells, Aristotle has divided some withering, blighting (blicht-ing), agency - My sweets

them into three kinds. There are first, the univalve, or And she that sweetens all my bitters too,

of weather), a chill and sterile paleness is turbinated, which consist of one piece, like the box of Nature, enchanting Nature, in whose form

snail ; secondly, the bivalve, consisting of two pieces, united duced; but we should not and do not he And lineaments divine I trace a hand by a hinge, like an oyster.

to apply bleak, to a chill, and sterile blac That errs not, and find raptures still renew'd,

"Goldsmith. Animated Nature, vol. iv. effected by a similar withering and blighting ag Is free to all men-universal prize.—Cowper. Task, b. iii.

The muscle and the oyster appear to have but few distinc-when verdure or fruitfulness are withered BITTERN. Dut. Butoor; Fr. Butor; Sp. tions, except in their shape and the power of motion in the blight-ed (or blicht-ed); where these genial ar BITTOUR. | Bitor ; It. Bittore. Bos taurus, former. Other bivalved shell-fish, such as the cockle, the

ances of nature are lacking; and hence it a or Boatus taurinus, from the noise it makes, when scallop, and the razor-shell, have differences equally minute.

Id. Ib. of conjecture that Blac-an and Blic-an owe its head is immersed in the mire. “ In the terri

BI-VIOUS. Bis, twice, and via, a path or way. the Dut. Leycken, and Eng. Lack, to less

origin to some northern word still preserv tory about Arelate, there is a bird called Taurus, because it loweth like a bull or cow, for otherwise

Having two paths or ways.

decrease, to wane or be wanting, to fade, tod a small bird it is,” (Plin. x. 42.)

In bivious theorems, and Janus-faced doctrines, let vir

to wither, or waste away. The common tuous considerations state the determination. And as a bitore bumbleth in the mire,

Brown. Christian Morals, vol. ii. p. 3.

Be, would form Beleyck-en, bleyck-en, to b
She laid hire mouth unto the water doun.
Bewrey me not, thou water, with thy soun,

BLAB, v.
Junius refers to babbling; in difference of vowel, Blæc, black,

Bleyck, bleached or bleaked, pale : and by a Quod she, to thee I tell it, and no mo,

BLAB, n.

Dut. Labberen (be-labberen); blached, dark; the application of black and Min husbond hath long asses eres two. Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6544.

Bla'bber, v. Ger. Blapperen , perhaps from being to appearances differing in colour,

BLA'BBING, n. Labben ; A. S. Lap-ian, to lap effected by the same or similar causes. Then to the waters brink she laid her head, And as a bittour bumps within a reed,

or lip (differing indeed in the application). "To thee alone, O Lake," she said, " I tell,

thus we approach Skinner's explanation ? Labiis BLEACH, Bleak, Blanch, Blank, Blench, (And as thy queen, command thee to conceal :)

To blacken (met.) is to darken, obscure, quicquid occurrit effutire,Beneath his locks the king my husband wears

cloud, (sc.) the fairness of a character or i A goodly royal pair of asses ears."-Dryden. Ib.

To pour forth from the lips whatever occurs to

tion; to pollute, or soil, or sully its puri us; to tell all that we know; to prate or talk That a bittor maketh that mugient noyse, or as we term it thoughtlessly, carelessly, without reserve or dis

integrity.

Black is applied to that which has the Bellonius and Aldrovandus conceive, by putting the same in crimination. water or mud, and after a while retaining the ayr by suddenly

ness, the gloominess, the forbiddingness

I could almoste excluding it again, is not so easily made out.

A thousand olde stories thee aledge

ness; to that which is dark, dismal, Browne. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 27. Of women loste, through false & fooles boste :

forbidding, fearful, dreadful. Along thy glades, a solitary guest, Proverbes canst thyself ynow, and woste

Blackguard.—“ In all great houses, but The hollow sounding bittern guards its nest.

Ayenst that vice for to ben a blabbe.

cularly in the royal residences, there Goldsmith. Deserted Village.

Chaucer. Troilus, b. iii.

number of mean and dirty dependents, BITU'ME. Lat. Bitumen ; Gr. TIITUS,

Thus the bishoppe wound hym self fro the duke when he office it was to attend the wood-yard BITU'MED.

had moste nede of his ayde, for if he had taried still ye duke πιθος, πιθυς, from πιειν, pre

had not made so many blabbes of his counsaill, nor put so leries, &c. ; of these the most forlorn w BITUMEN. mere, premendo,affigere,(Len- muche confidens in the Welshmen, nor yet so temerariously seem to have been selected to carry coals BITU'MINATED.

nep,) to press, to fix, by set forwarde without knowledge of his frendes as he dyd, kitchens, halls, &c. To this smutty re Bitu'MINOUS.

whiche thinges were his sodaine ouerthrowe as they that who attended the progresses, and rode pressure.

knew it dyd reporte.-Hall. Rich. III. an. 2. See the example from Goldyng.

carts with the pots and kettles, the

But the mother agayne on her part forasmuche as she The common noun is Bitumen ; May uses

perceyued and founde a certayne power of the goddeheade in derision, gave the name of blackg to glitter and shewe furthe in hym, was well contente to (B. Jonson's Works, by Gifford, ii. 169, 9

bledh

Bitume.

fall :

His stede was black as rauen, thei kald his name Feraunt BLA'DDER, v. A. S. Blædr; Ger. Blatter ; BLADE, v. 1 Junius thinks that Chaucer, He rode vnto the hauen, and said he wild to Gaunt.

BLA'DDER, N.

Dut. Bladder; Sw. Bladra : BLADE, n. when he wrote platte for blade R. Brunne, p. 295.

from the A. S. Blæd, flatus ; the past part, of the (sc.) of a sword (Squieres T'ale, v. 176) intimated Withoute the Cristen gan orie, allas! R. is taken, A. S. Blaw-an, to blow.

his opinion of the origin of the word. Tho Normans were sorie, of contenance gan dlaken.

Plat, Mr. Id. p. 183, That which is blowed or blown, puffed or in. Tyrwhitt says, is the Fr. plat, flat; and this Caseflated ; tumid.

neuve deduces from the Gr. matos, enlarged, exBe as may be, I wol hire not accuset, Bat on his bak this sherte he weted al naked,

panded, Skinner prefers the A. S. Blad, folium,

For every mortal mannee power n'is Til that his flesh was for the venim blaked.

But like a bladder ful of wind ywis :

because it (the blade of a sword, lamina ensis) lata Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14,135. For with a nedles point, whan it is blow,

est instar folii. Blade is applied (met.) toAnd than I curse also the night, May all the bost of it be laid ful low.

Any one who pretends to the sharpness, brightWith all the will of iny courage,

Chaucer. The Second Nonnes Tale, v. 97,051.

ness of a sword blade. And saie, away thou blacke image,

Let neuer man presume on worldly wealth,
Whiche of thy darke cloudie face,
Let riches neuer breede a loftie minde,

Ay by his belt he bare a long pavade,
Makest all the worldes light deface.-Gower. Con. A. b.iv.
Let no man boast too much of perfite health

And of a swerd ful trenchant was the blade.
Then of the soore be waxed blackish, and is not growen
Let natures gifts make no man ouer blinde

Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 3928. sbrode in the skinne, let the preast make him clene for it For these are all but bladders full of winde.

As she had said her damsells might perceue, is but a skirfe.-Bible, 1551. Lev. c. 13.

Turberville. Epitaph on Maister Tufton.

Her with these wordes fal pearced on a sword;

The blade embrued and hands besprent with gore. Only a garland of rose-buds did play The man of Indie that we speke of că by no lerning know About her locks, and in her hand she bore

Surrey. Virgile. Ænæis, b. iv. y course of the sonne whereby he should pcyue the cause of his blaars, but if it be by astronomy, which coning who A hollow globe of glass, that long before

Thus speaking, in the midst thereof she left, and there She full of emptiness had bladdered, can lerne that nothing will beliue that semeth to hym selfe

withal And all the world therein depictured : in possible. -Sir T. More. Workes, p. 126.

With brest on piercing sword her ladies saw where she did Whose colours, like the rainbow, ever vanished. They have their teeth blacked both men and women, for

G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph on Earth.

The blade in fomy bloud, and hands abroad with sprawling they say a dogge hath his teeth white, therefore they will If you see him [a Dutchman) fat, he hath been rooting in

throwne. Phaer. Æneis, Ib. bracke theirs.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. p. 262. a cabbage-ground, and that bladdered him.

As when an arming sword of proofe is made, The Bramas which be of the kings countrey (for the king

Feltham. Character of the Low Countries.

Both steele and iron must be tempred well: is a Brama) baue their legs or bellies, or some part of their What are they when they stand upon the highest pinacle

(For iron gives the strength unto the blade, body, as they thinke good themselues, made black with of worldly dignities, but bladders swelled up with the And steele, in edge doth cause it to excell) certaine things which they haue : they vse to pricke the breath of popular rout, nothings set a-strut.

As each good blade-smith by his art can tell. skinne, and to put on it a kinde of anile or blacking, which

Hopkins. Works, p. 32.

Mir. for Mag. Newton to the Reader. doth continue alwayes.-Id. Id. Stumbling from thought to thought, falls headlong down,

Atrides lance did gore
The Romans understanding of his (Tullus] death, shewed
Into doubt's boundless sea, where, like to drown,

Pylemen's shoulder, in the blayd.
no other honour or malice, saving that they granted the
Books bear him up a while, and make him try

Chapman. Homer. Niad, b.v. ladies their request they made : that they might mourn ten To swim with bladders of philosophy.

With dauntless hardihood, moneths for him, and that was the full time they used to

Rochester. Sat. against Mankind.

And brandish'd blade rush on him, break his glass, wear blacks for the death of their fathers, brethren, or Hus

They affect greatness in all they write, but it is a bladdered And shed the luscious liquor on the ground, bands, according to Numa Pompilius order. greatness, like that of the vain man whom Seneca describes;

But seise his wand.

Milton. Comur. North. Plutarch, p. 201. an ill habit of body, full of humours, and swelled with dropsy.

Oct. 21, 1671. Leaving Euston, I lodged this night at Shrunk nearer earth, all blacken'd now and brown,

Dryden. Discourse on Epick Poetry.

New-market, where I found the jolly blades raceing, dancing, In mask of weeping clouds appears the moon.

Thus sportive boys, around some bason's brim,

feasting, and revelling, more resembling a luxurious and Drummond. The Shadow of the Judgment. Behold the pipe-drawn bladders circling swim.

abandon'd rout, than a Christian court. Churchill. The Rosciad.

Evelyn. Memoirs, vol. i. Beyond the river Ganges, in that quarter and climate which lyeth southward, the people are caught with the BLADE. “ Blad, folium, frons. Blat,

Cecyll, on the other side, play'd a smooth edge upon Rasinne, and begin to be blackish : but yet not all out so sun

BLA'DING. (says Becanus) is so called from legh throughout the trial; his blade seemed ever anointed burnt and biack indeed as the Moores and Ethiopians.

with the balsam of compliment or apology, whereby he gave Holland. Plinie, b. vi. c. 19.

Bla'ded. Plat ; i. e. latus, planus," (Kilian.) not such rough and smarting wounds, tho' they were as

BLA'DY. is probably from A. S. Blæd; deep and fatal as the other.-Öldys. Life of Ralegh. Lastly stood Farre in glittering arms yclad, With visage grim, sterne looks, and blackely hewed.

past part. of the v. Blaw-an, to blow; to bud, to So fares it with those merry blades, Mirroar for Magistrates. Sackville's Induclion. sprout : applied to

That frisk it under Pindus' shades.

In noble song, and lofty odes,
They're darker now than blackness; none can know
Leaves of grass, to broad cutting leaves; to a

They tread on stars, and talk with gods.-Prior. A Simile.
Thein by the face, as through the streets they go : weapon, to a bone, of similar shape. See Blade,
For now their skin doth cleave unto their bone,
infra.

Vanbruin dy'd-his son, we're told,
And wither'd is like to dry wood grown.

Succeeded to his father's gold.
Donne. Lamentations of Jeremy, c. 4. v. 8. If it be grene, like to leke blades, thyn or blak it is to be Flush'd with his wealth, the thoughtless blade,
iuged yll. --Sir T. Elyot. Castel of Health, p. 52.

Despis'd frugality, and trade.-Cotton. Death f the Rake. And there was a Grecian woman, who having brought forth a black infant, and being troubled therefore, and judi; it moystre to the full rypenesse, anon after it was shot

foorth

Because it had not earthe ynoughe vnderneath it to geue Again our trenchant blades aloft we heave, cially accused for adultery, as if she had been conceived by a

Dauntless again the sever'd bodies cleave, diock-mor; shee pleaded and was found to be her selfe

aboue-ground, it dryed vp and withered away as soone as And triumph in the deed.--Cainbridge. Scribleriad, b. ii. descended from an Aethiopian, in the fourth degree removed. any feruent heate of the sunne came to it, and so euen in the

BLAIN.
first bladying it perished.-Udal. Luke, c. 8.

A. S. Blegene ; Dut. Bleyne. Junius
Holland. Plutarch, p. 457.
That euen fro the schulder-blade

and Skinner say, perhaps from the A. S. Blawan, Which I had no sooner done, but one o'the blackguard had Into the brest the brond gan wade,

to blow. The latter adds, a blain, is his hand in my vestry, and was groping me as nimbly as the Thurchout his hert it ran. Christmas cut-purse.-B. Jonson. Masque. Love Restored.

A distention, tumor, or inflation of the skin.

Amis and Amiloun. Weber, vol. ii. A File encomium doubly ridicules :

For yf his fynger dooe but ake of an hoate blaine, a greate For it is a kinde of grasse with a stalke, as big as a great There's nothing blackens like the ink of fools.

manye mennes mouthes blowyng out his prayse, wyll wheaten reed, which hath a blade, issuing from the top of scantly doe him among them alí, half so muche ease, as to Pope. Imitation of Horace, Epist. 1. it, on which, though the cattle feed, yet it groweth every

haue one boie blow vpon his finger.' I have lately got the ingenious authors of blacking for day higher, untill the top be too high for an oxe to reach.

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 1224.

Sir F. Drake Revived, p. 55. shooes, powder for colouring the hair, &c. to be your con

And there brake onte soores with blaines both in mã & start customers.-Spectator, No. 461.

As sweet a plant, as fair a flower is faded

beest, so that the sorcerers coulde not stande before Moses,

As ever in the Muses garden bladed. The object, spread too far, or rais'd too high,

P. Fletcher. Eliza, an Elegy.

for there were blotches vpon the enchaunters and vpon al Denies its real image to the eye ;

the Egipcians.--Bible, 1551. Exod. c. 9. Too little, it eludes the dazzled sight,

Lys. Helen, to you our mindes we will vnfold,
Becomes mixt blackness, or unparted light.

Itches, blaines,
To morrow night, when Phæbe doth behold
Prior. Solomon, b. i. Her siluer visage, in the watry glasse,

Sowe all th' Athenian bosomes, and their crop

Be generall leprosie.
Thou art some paltry, blackguard sprite,

Decking with liquid pearle the bladed grasse,
(A time that louers flights doth still conceale)

Shakespeare. Timon of Athens, Act iv. sc. 1.
Condemn'd to drudgery in the night;
Thou hast no work to do in th' house,
Through Athen's gatea haue we deuis'd to steale.

But first the lawless tyrant, who denies Ner half penny to drop in shoes ;

Shakespeare. Midsummer Night's Dream, Act i. sc. 1. To know their God, or message to regard, Without the raising of which sum

Must be compelled by signes and judgements dire;
Besides, what is she else, but a foul woosy marsh,
Ycu dare not be so troublesome

Botches and blaines must all his flesh imboss,
And that she calls her grass, so blady is, and harsh,
To pinch the slatterns black and blue,

And all his people.--Milton. Paradise Lost, b. xii.
As cuts the cattel's mouths, constrain'd thereon to feed.
For leaving you their work to do.-Hudibras, pt. iii. c. 1.

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 25.

BLAME, v.

Dut. Blamen; Fr. BlasThere a deeper darkness prevailed than in the blackest Blue, through the dusk, the smoking currents shine; Blame, n.

mer ; It. Biasimare. Skin night; which, however, was in some degree dissipated by And from the bladed field the fearful hare

BLA'MABLE. ner and Junius coincide with turches and other lights of various kinds.

Limps, awkward.
Thomson. Summer.

BLA'MABLENESS,
Melmoth. Pliny, b. vi. Let. 16.

Menage, that these words
Dr. Swift somewhere says, that he who could make two

BLA'MABLY. To this system of literary monopoly was joined an unre

are, through the Bar. Lat. blades of grass grow where but one grew before, was a mitting industry to blacken and discredit in every way, and greater benefactor to the human race than

all the politicians BLAMEFULL. Blasphemare, from the Gr. by every means, all those who did not hold to their faction. that ever existed.-Burke. On Mr. For's East India Bill. BLA'MELESS. Βλασφημειν, παρα το βαλλειν Burke. On the French Revolution. Say, is the Persian carpet, than the field's

BLAMELESSLY. την φημην. . Βαλλειν, i. e. Blackness is but a partial darkness; and therefore it de- Or meadow's mantle gay, more richly wov'n;

BLA'MELESSNESS. petere, impetere; and orun, rives some of its powers from being mixed and surrounded Or softer to the votaries of ease

BLA'MER. with coloured bodies.

an bladed grass, perfum'd with dew-dropt fow'rs? Id. On the Sublime and Beautiful, s. 17.

Warton. The Enthusiast. BLA'MING,

To attack, or assail, the VOL. I.

185

BB'

fama;

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