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place which it occupies, and of the high porpose which it ! CLAD or CLED; Chaucer, to rhyme with sped. CLIMB.
ondoubtedly serves-if it were called the basis of Christiani-

Ayenst his will, sithe it mote nedes be, zation.-Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. 2, ch. 4.

And shortly ap they clomben alle three.
This Troilus up rose, and fast him cled,

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3636.
And on his waie him sped.


Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, iii. 1521. (I hade) by the helpe of geographie and chronologie,

That tyme Laban was goon to the sheep that sholden be which I may call the sunne and the moone, the right eye


clippid. "(L. V. to schere sheepe, ad tondendas oves.) and the left of all historie, referred each particular rele- Philip of France

Wic. Gen. xxxi. 19. tion to the due time and place.

Mad R. (Richard) aquite clamanie fro him and alle And (Joseph) seynge hym, felle upon the nek of hym, Hackluyt. Voyages. Preface. hise. --Robert of Brunne, p. 186.

and bitwix the clippyngis wept. (L.V.collyngis, amplexus.)

Id. 16. xlvi. 29. CHUM, s. Contubernalis (says Lye), and he CLAM, or CLEM. A var. reading, from Lat. derives it from the Armoric Chom, to dwell together. linire. See Quotation from Wiclif in v. Balm,

CLIPS. See ECLIPSE, and the Quotation from Qy. from the v. To chime. A common name at supra.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, where Wright's edition colleges, in prisons, &c. for those who share the

reads clips.

CLAME, CLAMOUR; in Winter's Tale; perhaps a And this is cause of this clips same room. Tell the Welshman and his chum, that if they do not

mere misprint for clamm or clamme, the latter mor That closeth now the sonne.-V. 12346.
behave themselves well, I will lash them soundly.
me into or. Some critics would write Chamber. Now is it (Love) faire and now obscure,

Now bright, now clipsy of manere,
Cowper. To the Rev. W. Bull, Aug. 1783. (qv.) And see Notes and Queries, June 1853, p.

And whilom dimme, and whilom clere.
CHUNK, i. e. JUNK, qv.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 5352. Such persons drawen also the feeble witted people that CLOSE. CHURCH, haue none insight of gubernatif prudēce to clamure and to

He (Sampson) roos and toke bothe the closyngis ethir A grete chirche (ecclesia) came to gidre for to thinke cry on matters that they stired.

the leeues of the gate (fores port@) with his postis and what they shuldren do to her bretheren, that weren in

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.

lok.-Wic. Judges xvi. 3. tribulacioon, and weren ouereummen of hem.


It is the Romaunt of the Rose,
Wic. 1 Mac. v. 16.
Lo! the spell now works around thee,

In which all the' Arte of Love I close.
And the clankless chain hath bound thee.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 40. Cherlich as a cheveteyn

Byron. Manfred, i. 1. CLOT. His chaumbre to holden.


A nettle shal enherite the desirable siluer of hem, a clote
Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 1159.
Thei bigunnen with trompis to cryen and clappiden to- (E. V. cloote, lappa, a bur) schal be in the tabernaclis of

hem.-- Wic. Hos. ix. 6.
Holi cherlhed (L. V. homelynesse in byleeve) to hym self gidre (L. v. to bete togidere, complodere) bitwix hem
alone profiteth.– Wic. Pref. Ep. of St. Jerome, p. 64. seluen the wyn pottis.- Wic. Judges vii. 19.

The place of saphir ben stoonys therof, and the clottis Hate thou not tranailous werkes, and cherlish doing (L.

(E. V. gluggis, glebæ) therof ben gold.-Id. Job xxviii. 6.

V. erthetilthe, rusticationem) foormed of the heizest.
Id. Ecc. vii. 16.

Quod Pandaras; Thou hast a ful grete care,

.On nightes that bee cloudlesse it seemeth that the heaven
Be maad Dan an eddre of shadewe in the weie, and an
Lest that the chorle may fal ont of the mone.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, i. 1024.
hornede eddre in the path, bitynge the cleen (L. V. feet,

were paynted wyth dyuers ymages of sterres.

Chaucer. Boec. b. iv. m. I. ungulas) of an hors, that the steyer op of hym falle backCICLATON. Fr. Ciglaton. A kind of garment ward.- Wic. Gen. xlix. 17.

O fair is Love's first hope to gentle mind!

As Eve's first star through fleecy cloudlet peeping: of precious stuff. Lacombe, Suppl. And see Tyr. CLAY.

Coleridge. First Advent of Lore. whitt's note.

In the wijld feeldy regioun of Jordan, the Kyng getide
His robe was of ciclaton.

hem, in the cleye (argillosa) erthe, betwixt Socoht and Let us observe Spenser with all his rusty, obsolete Chaucer. Rime of Sire Thopas, v. 13664. Sarcham.— Wic. 3 Kings vii. 46.

words: with all his rough-hewn, clouterly verses : yet take He wore no armour, ne for none did care

him throughout, and we shall find in him a graceful and

Myche more these that dwellen in cleyene (luteis) housis As do whit dreading any liuing wight;

poetick majesty.-Phillips. Theatrum. Poet. 1675, Pref. that han an erthely foundement shul be wastid as of a But in a jacket, quilted richly rare, mozhe.-ld. Job iv. 19.

V pon checklaton, he was strangely dight.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. vii. $ 43. CLEAR.

And many & cloue gilofre.

Chaucer. Rime of Sir Thopas, v. 13693. And now the thridde day was comen, and the morwetide CIPHER. Ar. Tsaphara, quod vacuum aut

was fill cleerid.- Wic. Ex. xix. 16.
inane est. Arithmetic in Encyc. Met. p. 470.

By Goddes bones, whan I bete my knaves,
Although e sipher in augrim have no might in significa-
CLEAVE. To stick.

She bringeth me the grete clobbed staves

And cryeth-Slee the dogges evich on. tion of it selve, yet he yeueth power to other in signification For kynde clyveth on hym (the flesh) edere

Chauc p. Monkes Prol. v. 13904. to other.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.

To contrarie the soule.-Piers Plouhman, v. 12026. CIRCLE.

rorsothe, the men of Juda cleuyden (adhæserunt) to the CLUMSY. Loose, relaxed, feeble. Kyng, fro Jordan til to Jerusalem.- Wic. 2 Sam. ii. 20.

Fadris bihelden not sones with clumsid hondis (L. V. So cercleth it the welle about. Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1619.

But the men of Juda claue fast unto the Kynge, fro Jor- losid atuynne, manibus dissolutis) fro the comyng of the dan to Jerusalem.-16. Bible, 1549.

dai in which alle Filistees shulen be distried, CIRCUIT.

Wic. Jer. xlvii. 3. For here expos’d to perpendicular rays, CLEAVE. To split.

And ech hert shal faile, alle hondis schulen be aclumsid In vain they covet shades, and Thracia's gales,

And the erthe schoke and stoonys weren cloue (L. V. (E. V. undon, dissolventur) and ech sperit schal be sike. Pining with equinoctial heat, unless cleft, scissæ sunt).- Wic. Mark xxix. 51.

Id. Ez. xxi. 7. The cordial glass perpetual motion keep, Quick circuiting.Philips. Cyder, b. ii. CLEPE.

Comblid, Comelid, Cumblid, are given as various He (Sadolet) does not use circuity to avoid a theological Therfor the name of that place was clepid the Welle of readings of Clumsid. expression.

the Clepere of the cheke til to present dai. Hallam. Lit. of Europe, i. 446, R. and again, p. 447.

Wic. Judges xv. 10.

Clepers of devils (L. V. witchis, maleficos) thow shalt not He (the cat) wol grenen us alle,
suffre to lyne.-Id. Ex. xxii, 18.

Cracchen us and clawen us,

And in hire clouches hold.-Piers Plouhman, v. 308. CIRCUMCISE.

CLERGY. CLERGE,-Chaucer; Learning.
I circumcised my sone (Isaac)

It semeth of grete clerge thou art ymade.
Sithen for his sake.-Piers Plouhman, v. 11284.

Chaucer. Pard. and Tap. v. 252.

Combust materes and coagulat.

Chaucer. Chan. Yem. Tale, v. 16279. CIRCUMFER, s. CLERICAL. Opposite to secular; also to un

COARCT. In philosophy, the contemplations of man doe either penelearned

Of the which thinges, Ladye, Thilk persons not coarted trate unto God, or are circumferred to God, or are reflected

by payning thereof dures (9. duress) openly knowledgen, or reuerted vpon himself. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. ii.

CLERISY, s. A word invented by Coleridge to and asken grace.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.

denote “the National Church." See H. Coleridge, CITE.

N. Worthies, ii. 221, note.
Wherfore they have in a sodeyn hete

And by a river forthe I gan costeie,
Cytyd hym afore bym to apere.

Of water clere as birile or cristall.
Lyfe of our Ladye, e. iii. c. I. Til clerkene coveitise be

Chaucer. Comp. of Bl. K. v. 36.
To clothe the pouere and fede.—Piers Plouhman, v. 2319.
CITIZEN. See City.

COAT. Coat Cards, so called from the Coat in CLICK.

which King, Queen, and Knave, also called Honours, CITOL.

And the dore closed,

were represented. Forsothe Dauid and al Israel pleieden byfor the Lord in

Keyed and cliketed alle trees (var. r. treen instrumentis of melody, lignis fabre

She (Mede) coteth hise clerkes.
To kepe thee withouten.-Piers Plouhman, v. 3736.

Piers Plouhman, v. 1644. factis) maad craftili and harpis, and sitols. (É. V. syng. ynge instrumentis, lyris.)- Wic.' 2 Kings vi. 5.


In cotinge of his cope

Is more cloth y-folden
And the cliftus (L. V. crasyngis, scissuras) of the cite of

Than was in Fraunceis froc. - Id. Crede, v. 581. CIVIL.

Danid zee shul see, for thei ben multiplied.

Wic. Is. xxii. 9. And the tribune answeride, How ligtlij seist thon thee

COBBLE. a Romayn cyteseyn. I with moche svmme got this ciuylite. And doon his hond he launcheth to the clift (cleft). Clement the Cobelere, (L. V.fredom, civilitatem.)- Wic. Deeds xxii. 28.

Chaucer. The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7727. Caste of his cloke.-Piers Plouhman, v 2129.


COCK. By Cock, a mincing pronunciation of By
Concupescentia carnis

The love that lith in his herte

Colled me aboute the pekke.-Piers Plouhnan, v. 6805. Is compaignable and confortatif.-Id. v. 10060. God, The Welsh say, Py Cot. See Piemand

And so Esau ran ajens his brothir, and collide (E. V. Ech to his nezhebore shal helpen, and to his brother Nares.

clippede, amplexatus est) hym, and Esau helde his necke, seyn, tak comfort (confortare). Comforten shal the metal Cam nevere in my tyme and kissede and wepte.— Wic. Gen. xxxiii. 4.

smyth smytende-hym with an hamer that forgede that Man to me ....

A col fox, full of sleighe iniquity.

tyme, seiende to glu it is good-und he comfortu (L. 1. That acountede conscience

Chaucer. Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 15221. fastenede, confortavit) hym with nailes that it shulde not

be moued. - Wic. Is. sli, 6, 7. Bible, 1549, reads Be strong. At & cokkes fethere or an hennes.

Piers Plouhman, v, 13788.

He polde coum fortyng take (L. V. counfort, consolatiIn the multitude of hem (sorewis) my clothing is wastid, nem), but seith, Ysbal descende to my sone weylynge into Tell us a fable anon (for cockes bones).

and as with a coler (capitio) of a cote thei girten me. helle.-ld. Gen. xxxvii. 35. Chaucer. Per. Prol. v. 17340.

Wic. Job xxx. 18. I make a vow by Goddes digue bones.


They sawe that there was no comfort coming to him

(i. e. force in aid, reinforcement).
Id. Purd. Tale, v. 12629.
And collacioun (collatione), or spekynge togidre maad,

Berners' Froissart, i. 447. COCKATRICE.

he sente twelue thousand dregmes of syluer to Jerusalem.

Wic. 2 Mac. xii. 43.

Upon the eddre and the kokatrice thou schalt go, and
thou schalt totrede the leoun, and the dragoun.

Wic. Ps. xc. 13.

COMMENCE. Piers Plouhman writes Comse,
Thus saying, from his radiant seat he rose
Of high collateral glory.- Milton. Par. L. x. 86.

Comsede, Comsen, Comsynge.
COCKER. COKER. A short stocking or glove.

COLLECT. Wright. Evidently used for warmth.

Curteisly the Kyng thanne

Comsede to tell.-Piers Plouhman, F. 1566. (!) caste on my clothes

And the ey;the day, he maad a collect. (L. V. gaderyng Yélouted and hole, of mopey, collectam.)

COMMERCE. My cokeres and my coffes

Wic. 2 Par, vii. 9; and 1 Cor. xvi. I.

On my part I should abstaine from all commercement For cold of my nailes.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3915.

Her speech is nothing,

with thut purty, either by word, writing, or deed. Yet the unshaped use of it doth move

Strype. Records, Henry VIII. No. 84. COCKLE.

The hearers to collection; they aim at it, &c. But when men slepten, his enmye came, and sew abone

Shakespeare. Hamlet, act iv. sc. 5.

COMMISSION. See COMMIT. dernel or cokil in the midst of whete, and wente aweij.

That is, to make collection of her meaning, to gather, to
Wic, Mat, xiii. 25.
infer it.

COMMIT. A person is said to commit himself, COCKNEY. And Hickes, Cokaignes, now Cock


when by word or deed he subjects himself to susneys, from Fr. Coquin,

Anoynte thin işen with a collerie (M. V. eyesalve) that picion, and consequent inquiry. Fur in see by weste Spaigne thou se.- Wic. Apoc. iii, 18.

COMMIX. Is a lond ihote cokaygne. Hickes. Thess. i. 231, note l.

COLLOP. See Piers Plouhman in v. Cockney. The natural substannce of the Soule is symple, and is I have no salt bacon,

not composed nor commixted of partyes of dyuers natures. Ne no cokeney, by Crist! COLLOQUY. See COLLOGUE.

The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, h. 5. Coloppes for to maken. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4369 COLLUDE.

COMMODIOUS. At that fest wer they seruyd with a ryche aray,

The commodement of the publike in the appendages of Every fyve and fyve had a cokenay.

(Marie) Is in the temple grete now with chylde
The Turnament of Tottenham. Percy, ii. 24.
By some engyne of collucion.

an holy peace, as it is, the arun and just carac of heroick Lyfe of our Ladye, e. iii. c. 2.

enterprizeings, so harentes capite multa cum laude corona, Every five and five had a cook or scullion to attend him.

the crown and apex of their glories, whom God shall honour

COLUMBINE. Lat. coquinator or coquinarius.-Note,

to contribute thereunto, though but a grain or atome. We are much beholden to Machiavel and others that The Art of Logick, or, 8c. By Zachery Coke, 1654. COD.

write what men do, and not what they ought to do; for it The barlich was grene, and the flax now buriownde is not possible to join the serpentine wisdom with columbine

COMMON, o. coddis. (L. V. knoppis, folliculos.)— Wic. Et. ix. 31.

innocency, except men know exactly all the conditions of Al the puple aarmed wente before, the left comouns (L. the Serpent.--Bucon. Advancement of Learning, b. ii.

V. comyn puple, rulgus) folowid the Arke. And he coueitide to fille his wombe of the coddis (de sili

Wic. Josh. vi. 9. quis) whiche the hoggis eten.-Id. Luke xv. 16.


And Moyses seide to the Lord, The comounte (L.V.comyn O wombe, o belley, stinking is thy cod (bag),

Crag overhanging, nor columnal rock

puple, vulgus) may not steye up into the hil of Synay. Fulfilled of dong and of corruption. Cust its dark outline there.--Southey. Thalaba, xii. 11.

Id. E. xix. 23.
Chaucer. Pardoneres Tale, v. 12468. The rest, as rank supplies,

Yeman on fote, and communes many on
Should in columnar diminution rise.
CENE. Lat. Cæna. Wiclif uses this word, var.

With shorte staves, thicke as they may gon.
Goldsmith. Traveller,

Chaucer. Knightes Tale, v. 2511. 1. soper.


Thus in delit he liveth (and bath don, yore)
Jon, the Apostil and Euangelist of oure Lord Jhesu Crist,
A gradual rise the shelving combe

Beloued and drad, thurgh favour of Fortune, chosen and loued, in so gret loue of dileccion is had, that in

Displayed.-Southey, v. 252. Madoc, üi. 8,

Bothe of his lordes and his commune. the cene on his brest he shulde lyn.

Id. Clerkes Tale, v. 7946. Wic. Apoc. Pref. p. 638. COMB. A cell. See HONEY.

In these two Colledges or Innes Serjeants doe common, COETANEAN.

lodge, converse, conferre and consult, the cheefe justices And as sedulous Prudentius, so prudent Sedulius was

COME. Richard of Gloucester and Robert of of either bench.-Stowe. Chron. Univ, c. 12. famous in this poetical divinity, the coetan of Bernard, who Brunne write the past Com. Piers Plouhman, Cam.

COMMUNE sung the History of Christ with as much devotion in himself, as admiration of others.

So that he was al to raced pecemel in a stonde,

He that is preced lepre to be put out of the comynycation G. Fletcher. Christ's Victory. To the Reader. Eche lym from other among the roches, er he com to

of men, till he be maad clene.- Wic. Leviticus, Frol.

gronde.-R. Gloucester, p. 22. COG.

I am too vile a wretch to bear
Wilaf Kyng of Merce, he com to that stoure.
And for the cogge was narrow, small and strait,

Robert of Brunne, p. 17.

This everlasting commune with myself.
He row'd alone.
That is the castel of Care ;

Southey. Don Roderick, ii. v. 9. 16.
Fairefaz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, xiv. 58. Who so comth therinne

May banne that he was born.-Piers Plouhman, v. 382.

The compage of all physical truths is not so closely
A lovely Lady of leere,

jointed, but opposition may tind intrusion : nor always so But go to the lond and to my cognacion (L. V. kinrede, In lynnen y-clothed,

closely maintained, as not to suffer attrition. sognationem), and fro thens take a wijf to my sone Isaak. Cam doun from a castel

Browne. Christian Morals, pt. ii. 9 3. Wic. Gen. xxiv. 4; also v. 38, et al. And called me faire.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, 1. 466.


Lo! Astronomyens camen fro the eest to Jerusalem.

Wic. Matt. c. 2.

Curteis she was, discrete, and debonaire,

And compenable.
COIF. Coives, the pl, in Lord Berners, ii. 209.
Forsothe myndeful thei weren zet of tho thingus that

Chaucer. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 14878. were don, in the comeling woning of hem. (L.V. dwellyng Forsothe to the sones of Aaron, thou shalt greithe lynnen cootes, and gyrdlis, and coyfes (tiaras), into glorye and

of hem among Egipcians, in incolatu.)-Id. Wis. xix. 10. COMPARE. fayrnes.- Wic. Ex. xxviii. 40.

I shal lede out hem fro the loond her cumlyngnes (L. V. For the mysterye of the comparacion for to gyve to un

dwelling, incolatūs), and thei shulen not entre in to the derstonde, that the consolacyons dyuyne ben compared to COIN. loond of Egipte.-Id. Ez. xx. 38.

tribulations.-- The Golden Legend, fo. 23, c. 4. For if that they were put to such assayes,

It cumys the better, i. e. becomes. The gold of hem hath now so bad alayes,

Skelton, i. 129. (Dyce.)

COMPASS. Blackstone thus explains the legal With bras, that though the coine be faire at eye,


acceptation. It wolde rather brast atwo than plie.

Whanne alle these signes bifallen to thee, that euer Let us next see what is compassing or imagining the Chaucer. Marchantes Tale, v. 9044. thingis thin hond fyndith (that is, dispose thee to regne

death of the King, &c. These are syuonymous terms; the COIN, s. i. e. Quince, qv. comelili and myftily), for the Lord is with thee.

word compass signifying the purpose or design of the mind

Wic. 1 Kings x. 7. or will, and not, as in common speech, the carrying such COINT. See QUAINT.

a design to effect. But, as this compassing or imagining is

COMFORT, v. Fr. Confort. Consolation, Aux- an act of the mind, it cannot come under judicial cogui. COLE-WORT. See KALE. ilium. Lacombe. Confort, Confortement, Consola

zance, unless it be demonstrated by some open or overt

act. - Commentaries, v. iv. c. 6, $ 1.
tion, Encouragement. Conforter, to console; to
COLL. Collynge. See Wiclif in v. Clip, supra. encourage. Confortare, Roquefort.

COLL. To coll or accoll. Cons. To cajole by
Holi Goost,

Forsothe in feith alle of o understondinge, or wille, in
Comfortour of creatures-

prezen be ye compacient (compatientes) or ech suffring with pretences of affection, by flattery.

Of hymn cometh alle blisse.- Piers Plouhman, v. 11188. other.- Wzc. 1 Pet. iii. 8.


These sensitive cogitations are not pure actions springing There are few professed Christians, even amongst the CONFINE.
from the Soul itself, but compassions with the body. wickedest of them, who have not, one time or other, had
Cudworth. Mor. p. 81.


Oh, sir, you are old; some just and concerning thoughts about that course of

Nature in you stands on the very verge, COMPEER. sin, and those wilful vices, in which they have indulged

Of her confine : you should be rul'd, and led And whanne she was goon with felawis, and hir compeers themselves.—Bp. Houdley. Ser. ii. Luke xxiii. 42, 43.

By some discretion, that discerns your state (L. V. pleiferis, sodalitnes) she wepte hyr maydenhod in


Better than you yourself. the hillis. — Wic. Judges xi. 38.

Shakespeare. King Lear, act ii. sc. 4. (Our soul) which hath been admitted into the nearest COMPEL. COMPELLATORY. consortship, into the strictest union with the eternal world.

CONFITENT. See CONFESS. Which was the strangest and newest sight, and device,

Barrow, v. ii. Ser. xliii. p. 504. that was ever heard or read in any history or chronicle in

CONFLAGRANT. any region, that a king and queen should be convented and

CONCESSION. See CONCEDE. coastrained by process compellatory to appear in any court

So intense-Rag'd the conflagrant mass. as common persons; within their own realm or dominion CONCILIATE.

Cary. Dante, Purgatory, xvii. 51. to abide the judgment and decrees of their own subjects, In beasts the instinct is invincibly strong, as it is the

CONFLICT. having the royal diadem and the prerogatives thereof. sole spring of action; in man, it is only a friendly monitor Our bodies, being made of such contrary principles and Cavendish. Life of Wolsey. of the judgment; and a conciliator, as it were, between qualities as by their perpetual conftiction do conspire the reason and the sensual appetite.

ruin and dissolution of it. COMPETE. Chaucer, Boecius, b. v. pr. 6, ren

Warburton. Divine Legation, b. i. s. 4.

Tillotson. Sermon 130, v. iii. p. 180. ders Lat. Compos sui, Competent to himself.


CONFOUNDED. Cudworth calls Heraclitus Mess. In Kent, my liege, the Guildfords are in armes, We are referred in the Concordantial margin to not less

No clear but (a cloudy and) confounded philosoAnd enery houre more competitors

than eighteen or nineteen passages of the Old and New Flocke to the rebels, and their power growes strong. Testament, for an explanation (i. e. of Gen, ch. iii. v. 15). pher.”—P. 398. Shakespeare. King Richard III. act iv, sc. 4.

Geddes. Crit. Rem. p. 46, and n.

CONFUSE. Agrippina storined, that a manumised slaue was become her competitress.Gordon. Tac. Ann. b. xiii.


He bicom so confus

He couthe nogbi toke.-Piers Plouhman, v. 5881. COMPLEXION.

For as the celestyal bodyes aboue complecte all end at Astrilde hire bedsuster (hire lorde's concubine)

CONGE. euery tyme the vniuersal worlde, the creatures therin And hire dozter Auerne heo let nime atte fine.

Clergie coleyned, and all their dedes, semblably so dothe history.

Robert of Gloucester, v. 27. No congie wolde take.

:-Piers Plouhman, v. 8430. Berners' Froissart. Cronycle, v. i. Prof. And the King (David) lefte ten wymmen concuhyns Heads that are disposed unto schism, and complerionably (concubinas), that is, secundarie wyues, to kepe the hous.

CONGREGATION. Congregationalists, a sect of propense to innovation, are naturally indisposed for a com

Wic. 2 Kings xv. 16.

Protestant Dissenters, who from the time of Elizamunity.- Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. 6 viii.

Thou schalt not take the sister of thi wijf into concu- beth have maintained that every society of Christians COMPLY. See COMPLIMENT. binage of her. (L. V. liggyn bi hir, pellicatum.)

meeting in one place for religious worship under its

Id. Lev. xviii. 18. Han. He did complie with his dugge before he suckt it. CONDIGN. See CONGRUE.

own laws and ministers forms a legitimate or indeShakespeare. Hamlet, act v. sc. 2. Ham. Let me comply with you in the garbe, lest my

According to the perverted theology of their (i. e. the pendent Church. Since called Independents. extent to the Players (which I'tell you must shew fairely little studied, and less regarded, the corruption of our

reformers') opponents, by whom the oracles of truth were CONGRUITY. outward) should more appeare like entertainment than nature, as far as it relates to the mental faculties, was

Works done before the grace of Christ, and the inspi. yours.- Id. 16. act ij. sc. 2.

ration of his Spirit, are not pleasant to God, forasmuch as deemed wholly ideal; by congruus merit we were thought they spring not of faith in Jesu Christ, neither

do they He is a good time-server, that complyes his manners to competent to obtain God's favour here, and by condign, the the several ages of this life; pleasant in youth, without fruition of his glorious Godhead hereafter; while it was

make men meet to receive grace, or (as the Schoolmen say) wantonness; grave in old age, without frowardnesse. conceived, that on account of both we were predestined to

deserve grace of congruity. --Articles of Religion. Art, xiii. Fuller. Holy State, b. iii. c. 19. salvation. COMPOSE.

Abp. Laurence. Bampton Lectures. On Eph. i. 5.

And thou, sone of man, sette to thee twei weies, that the So in your verse a native sweetness dwells,

They (the Scholastics) believed predestination to be swerde of the King of Babiloyne com; both (weies) Which shames composure, and its art excells.

God's everlasting purpose to confer grace and glory upon schulen go out of o lond, and by the houd he schal také Dryden. Ep. to Sir R. Howard. individuals who deserve the first congruously, and not the coniecting (E. V. conjecting or suspicion); he schal coniect COMPOST.

latter condignly; conceiving us competent, by our own in the heed of the weie of the citee (E. V. gesse or thenke, By which doongyng and compostyng the feldes gladeth,

virtues, to extricate ourselves from crime and its alarmning capiet conjecturam, conjiciet).- Wic. Ez. xxi. 19. the grounde wexith more fructuous and plenteouse.

consequences.-11. 16. The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, f. 1.

They considered the dignity of the individual as the CONJOIN, s.

meritorious basis of predestination; merit of congruity as
the basis of a preordination to grace; and merit of con-

Belisarius, with whom Heaven's right hand
Me semeth by feiture of womanly property
dignity as that of a preordination to glory.-Id. 10.

Was link'd in such conjointment, 'twas a sign Ye should be trusty and trew of comprimis.

That I should rest.-Cary. Dante, Purgatory, vi. 26. Chaucer. The Craft of Lovers. CONDITE. See CONDIMENT.


CONDUCE, Condise, Chaucer, i. e. Conduits.

matical distinction of words into conjunction and COMPUTE. See PUTATIVE. See Quotation from Caxton in v. Illume, infra.

preposition, as parts of speech, depends on their But I ne can the nombre tel

usage, as connecting sentences or words; when conCON. Of stremis smal that by devise

necting sentences, they are called conjunctions; when Al the folke that is on lyve,

Mirth Lud done come thorough condise.

words, prepositions. So that the same word may Ne have the konninge to discrive,

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1414. be used for either purpose, as But, And, &c. Tho thinges that I herden there.

Our people were neuir more wretchidly and perylously
Chaucer. House of Fame, iii. 966. conduyted.

Whereof he conde them good thanke.

Oracion of Cayus Flammeus. Wurcestre, Erle of, e. 6.
Berners' Froissart, i. 544.

I conjured hym at the laste
But ouer that (he made bymself) the guyde and con- If he were Cristes creature
He would can me no thanke therefore.-Id. 16. i. 461. duytour of the same.

Anoon me to tellen.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9614. If you do this the coûtre will can you much thanke.

Tullius de Amicitia. Wurcestre, Erle of, b. 3. And whanne he (Absolon) hadde offride sluyn sacrifice, ld. 16. i. 531.

there is maad a strong coniurysoun. (L. V. sweringe to

CONDUPLICATION. So Wats renders the Lat.gidre, conjuratio.)— Wic. Bib. 2 Kings xv. 12. CONCAPTIVE, s. A companion in captivity. Conduplicatio of Bacon.

Now go to thy conjurers, and to the multitude of thy We gene God most humble thanks for that he hath so

Men have not with sufficient enquiry searcht or found witches. (M. V. enchantments.) strengthened you and others, your concaptives, to profess a out of what nature the action of sense is; and what kind

Isaiah xlvii. 12. Bib. 1549. good profession before so many witnesses.-Grindal to Rid- of body; what delay; what conduplication of impression ley. From Frankford, the 6th May, 1555. In Muddleton's are required to this, that pain or pleasure should follow ?

CONQUER, v. Lat. Con-quirere; Fr. Conquer-er, Biog. Evangelica, ii. 213.

Bacon. The Advancement of Learning (Wats), b. iv. c. 3. Conquest-er; It. Conquist-are; Sp. Conquist-ar. CONCAVE. CONFEDER.

The town was brent and spoyled by the Gaontoyse,

wherein they conquered great pyllage. Fro the centre of therthe ynto the concauite of the hegen A tyraunt wened to constraine him (a free man of con

Berners' Froissart, i. 627. of Saturne. - The Golden Legend, fo. 24, c. 2.

rage) by tourments to maken him discoueren and accusen
folke, that wisten of a conjuration (conjurationis conscios)

If each perform his charge and dutye so,
CONCEIT, i. e. Conception. Chaucer, infra, and

Nought but his graue here conquer shall your foe. which I cleape a confederacy, that was cast ayenst this

Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, ii. 3. others.

tyraunt.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. ii. pr. 6. I have no kynde knowyng, quod I,

To conceyven all youre wordes.-Piers Plouhman, v. 5013.

Conscious of both, their glittering arms he stript, To the womman forsothe God seide, I shul multiply thy

See the Fable o. the Bees, and confer the enquiry, &c. For he had seen them when from Ida's height myseses, and thy con yuynges (conceptus).

with the body of tae book.-Divine Legation, b. i. $ 4. n. f. Achilles led them to the Græcian fleet. Wic. Gen. iii. 16.

Cowper. Niad, xi. 135. CONFESS, CONFESSER, S. One who confesses The commune accord, and conceit of the corage of men

CONSENT. (humanorum conceptio animorum) proveth and graunteth or makes confession.

The remenant were anhanged, more or lesse, -that God, Prince of all thynges, is good.

Ac ther shal come a kyng,

That were consentant of this cursednesse.
Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv. pr. 10. And confesse yow religiouses.

Chaucer. Doctoures Tale, v. 12210. CONCERN.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6240.

God that is eterne

CONFESSOR, s. (Dryden, in Dictionary.) One CONSERVATISM. Conservative is a name adopt-
The trouthe of thynges clerely can conserne.
Lyfe of our Ladye, e. 3, c. 2. who takes receives confession.

ed by the Tories, about the time of passing the

The gram


Reform Bill (1832), expressive of their principle CONSUME.

CONVAILE. See CONVALESCE. To recover. to preserve or conserve our institutions unchanged Slayn (cæsis) thanne the aduersaries with a greet ve

Whereby reviled -and, consequently, of their systematic opposition niaunce and unto the deeth almest consumpt. (L. V. Causélesse he is, never to convaile.

Chaucer. Rem. of L. v. 410. wastid, consumptis.)- Wic. Judges x. 20. to reform.

Although that we have knowen the faire wordes of the CONVENT. And this place of whiche I the tel,

fame of hem, it is not yeuen to know hem that be deed There as Fame doth yliste to dwell,

Al the covent forth cam and consumpt (consumptos). Is sette amiddes of these thre,

Chaucer. Boecius, b. ii. M. 7.

To welcome that tyraunt. - Piers Plouhman, v. 14044. Heven, and erthe, and eke the se,

Forsothe if ther shal entre in to foure couent, or gedering CONTECK. As most conservatife of soun.

to gydere (L. V. cumpany, conventum) s man hauynge a Chaucer. House of Fame, ii. 339. But the other helden his serdauntis, and slowen hem golden ryng, in whijt or fayr cloth.-Wic. Jam. ii. 2. For it (Truth) in sothe of kingdomes and of realmes ponished with contek (contumelus).— Wic. Matt. xxii. 6.

Is bearer up and conservatrice
Is (there) some conteck 'twixt thy love and thee.

In Galatians (quoted in DicFrom all mischief, and sothfast mediatrice

W. Browne. Willie and Wernock. tionary), Conversation is in the early version lyuTo God above.---Lidgate. Thebes, pt. ii.


ynge, from Conversatio. In all places, where the King is subservient to the King

The common usage of the present day, talk, is

The Epistlis ben heny or greuouse and strong; but the dom, or the Commonwealth, the Lord Warden in his ab. sence is conservient unto him, being in his stend, and not presence of body sijk, and the word contemptible or worthi comparatively very modern. under him.-N. Bacon. Hist. Disc. pt. ii. c. 15, p. 136.

for to be dispysid (contemptibilis). - Wic. 2 Cor. x. 10. But thei gessiden fleischli delityng to be oure lijf, and I think that there runs through your letter, perhaps

the conversatioun (conversationen) of lijf to be made to CONTEMPLATE.

wynnyng, and that it behoueth to gete ou ech side, zhe of onconsciously, a constant assumption that the Conservative

yael (er malo acquirere).- Wic. His. xv. 12.

Contemplatif lif or actif lif party is the orthodox one ; a very natural assumption in the friends of an existing system, or, as I think, in any one Crist wolde thei wroghte.- Piers Plouhman, v. 4298.

I observe in it (Minsheu's Dictionary) the word converwho has not satisfied himself, as I have, that Conservatism Heer forsothe ben discriued the meedis of goode men,

sation had not acquired the modern sense of talking; it is is wrong the torrentes of enele men ... the lif of actif men, the

explained as "great acquaintance or familiarity,” as we Arnold. Life. To Mr. Justice Coleridge, Dec. 16, 1835. spirituel beholding of contemplatif men.

now say conversant with public business. Wic. Prol. to Psalms.

Sir J. Mackintosh. Life, i. 106 (1810). But not the strongest Tory or Conservative values our

Church or Law more than I do.

Id. 16. App. C. Boulogne, July 23, 1840.
Men were wont to be contented with a roier dire, or the

And Y schal conuerte the conuersioun of Juda, and I The principle of Conservatism has always appeared to oath of the party suspected, and the concurrent testimony

schal conuert the conversioun (L. V. turn the turnyng, conme, not only foolish, but to be actually felo de se. It deof other men: the first attesting his own innocency; the

vertam conversionem) of Jerusalem, and I schal bilde hem stroys what it loves, because it will not mend it. other contesting their consciences of the truth of the former

as at the bigynnyng.– Wic. Jer. xxxiii. 7. Id. Ib. Marshall, Jan. 23, 1840. testimony; and therefore were and still are called Com- Sothli Jhesu conuertid (L. V. turnede, conuersus) and

seynge hem suwynge him, seith to bem, What seken je. purgators.-N. Bacon. Hist. Dis. c. xxxvii. p. 89. CONSIDER, v.

Id. John i. 38. The parliament taught the people to take heed of med- CONTINENT. See CONTAIN.

Moises bad them rede this lawe bifore al Israel in the ling with such considerated matters.

heeringe of alle men, and wymmen, litel children, and Nat. Bacon. Hist. Disc. pt. ii. c. 2, p. 18. CONTINUE. Chaucer, for sake of rhyme, licen- comelingis, either conuersis to the feithe of Jewis, that thei The wisdom of God hath methodized the course of things sly writes in Rom. of the Rose, contune. Tyrw. Alle alle the

wordis of his lawe.

heere and lerne and dreede oure Lord God and kepe and into the best advantage of goodness, and thinking considerators overlook not the tract thereof. It (prayer) must eke be continued . . with workes of

Wic. v. i. Jer. Prol.


Browne. Christ. Morals, pt. 2, 30.
Charitee. - Chaucer. Persones Tale.

And aie gan loue her Lasse for to agast,
CONTRARY. And hence, further. To speak (as

Than it did erste, and sinken in her herte,

That she gan somewhat able to contarte. well as act) against; to gainsay, or contradict. See

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. v. 903. By the counsell of Arles it was decreed, that if any Chaucer, in the Dictionary.

There, the public hope church were consecrated, the churchyard of it should require no other hallowing than by simple conspersion.

Differing then so widely and almost contrariantly, where- And eye to thee converting, bid the Muse

Record what envy dares not flattery call.
in did these great men (Milton and J. Taylor) agree.
Bp. Hall, iii. 99. Sermon at Excester.
Coleridge. Poet. Works, i. 286. Apol. Preface.

Thomson. Winter, 1. 39. CONSPIRE.

CONVICT. For alle ze han swore, ethir conspirid (conjurastis) to- CONTRIBUTE. To give or pay, or cause to give Who stelith a man, and sellith hym, conuycte of the treggidere afens me, and noon is that tellith me. or pay tribute. Skelton.

pas (L. V. if he is conuyt, convictus) with deeth dye he. Wic. 1 Kings xxii. 8. Graunted not she (Fortune) me to hane victory,

Wic. E. xxi. 17. And whanne his seruauntis hadden swore to gyder azens In England to rayne (reign) and to contribute Fraunce.

A whole armado of convicted sail hymn (var. r. bi conspiracioun had sworyn).

Skelton. Death of Edward IV.

Is shatter'd and disjoin'd from fellowship.
Id. 2 Par. xxxiii. 24.

Shakespeare. King John, act iii. sc. 4. CONSTRAIN.

CONTRITE. Jer. Taylor, the contrition of the CONY. He commaandid thanne that day to the maystris of serpent's head, and Sir T. Brown, the contrition of But thei defende hem with lampreie, werkis, and to the constreyneris of the puple. (L. V. rente crystal to powder.

With coninges or with fine vetaile. gadereris, eractores.)- Wic. EI. v. 6. Ac shrift of mouth moore worthi is

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7046. Feed ze the flok of God, that is in you, parqeiynge, not If man be y-liche contrit.

COOL. constreynyngli (coactė) but wilfulli (spontanée) up God

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9093. (secundum Deum).-Id. 1 Pet. v. 2.

And so Tholome went to the Kyng, sett in sum porche as And Mathatias saide, Woo to me! Wherto am I born for for grace of refreytyng or coling. (L. V. coolding, refriFor well he knewe Dame Abstinaunce;

to se contricioun, or distraying of my peple, and contricioun gerandi causa.)– Włc. 2 Mac. iv. 46.
But he ne knewe not Constreinaunce.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7440.

(contritionem) of the holy citee.- Wic.i Mac. i. 51.
Pride goth before contricioun (L.V. sorewe, contritionem), kind of loose garment, reaching to the ancles, which

COP, s. COPE. Low Lat. Cupa or Cappa. A
Alas the wo, the constraint, and the mone,
That Progne upon hire dombe suster maketh.

and befor falling the spirit shal ben enhauncid.

Id. Prov. xvi. 18.
Id. Philomela, v. 2380.

was superadded to the other vests. (Pallü instar.

Now forsothe he shal not stonde in contricioun of sones. Du Cange.) CONSUBSTANTIATE. See TRANSUBSTANTI

(L. V. defoulyng, in contritione ; M. V. breakyng forth.)

Id. Hos. xiii. 13. (Heremytes) clothed hem in copes ATE.

To ben knowen from otheres.-Piers Plouhman, v. 111. CONTRIVE. Consubstantialls are willingly intertained with a kindly

The nyght auoyded with his copes donne embrace, and properly intenerate and supple.

This supposition (that the being of a God is a politick Afore the upperyst of the bryght sonne. Bacon. The Advancement of Learning (Wats), b. iv. c. 2. device) can have nothing of certainty in it unless this be

Lyfe of our Ladye. W. Carton, a. iii. c. 1. true, that whoever makes a politick advantage of other The question is driven to a narrow issue-Whether when

Alas! why werest thou so wide e cope. men's principles ought to be presumed to contrive those the Sacrament is administered, Christ be whole within principles into them.- Tillotson, v. i. Sermon i. fo. 15.

Chaucer. Monkes Prol. v. 13955. man only,-or else his body and blood be also externally

COPE, v. seated in the very consecrated elements themselves. Which opinion they that defend, are driven either to consubstan


(They) in such wise encountred and coped the one with

the othir that both two wer wouded.

Forsothe men gwere by the more of them, (L.V. bi tiate and incorporate Christ with elements sacramental, or


The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, 1481, g. to transubstantiate and change their substance into his: and grettere than hem self) and the end of all her controversye, so the one to hold him really, but invisibly moulded up or debate (controversia) is an ooth to confermation. with the substance of those elements-the other to hide

Wic. Hcb. vi. 16.

COPIE. him under the only visible shew of bread and wine, the In whos grete wisedomes resteth the jugement and con- And loo! a copyous oost (came) in to metyng to bem, of substance whereof, as they imagine, is abolished, and his clusion of this contrauercye.

fotemen and horsmen.- Wic. 1 Mac. xvi. 5. succeeded in the same room,

Oracyon of Cayus Flammeus. Wurcestre, Erle of, f. 7.
Hooker. Ecc. Pol. b. 5, 6 67. And thus began the contrauersye


Between the susteryn.

Lyfe of our Ladye. W. Caxton, b. vii. c. 1. COPULA (in Logic). The word or words by And whanne the Kynge hadde sitten upon his charger after the consuetude (L. V. by custom, secundum consuetu

which the subject and predicate are copulated or dinem) that was beside the wal, Jonathas roos.

CONTUBERNIAL. Being in fellowship as tentconnected, or by which the predicate is affirmed or Wic. 1 Kings xx. 25 (also in Esth. x. 3.) companion.

denied of the subject. See Quotation from Hobbes CONSULT.

Humble folk ben Cristes frendes, they ben contubernial in v. Couple.

with the Lord thy King.-Chaucer. Persones Tale. He that made all the rest made man, but not without a

He Locke) evidently leaned towards the opinion of consultory preface.-—Bp. Hall, iii. 97. Ser. at Ercester. CONTUMACY.

Aristotle, Scaliger, and Messrs. de Port Royal, and there

fore, without having sufficiently examined their position, He (the Priest of the Clarian Apollo) utters his answers If he (Raleigh) should fail in either of these two con- he too hastily adopted their notion concerning the prein verse, which has for its subject the corruptions and ditions, he should but augment his fault and contumation tended copula (" as representing an operation of the mind") wishes of each Consultant.-Gordon. Tac. Ann. b. ii, s. 54 both.–Naunton to Sir R. Wilson, 16 Sept. 1618.

Is, and is not. - Tooke. Diversions of Purley, v. 1. c. ü.

So corbed elde acoyes youth's sterquedry.

Browne. Willie and Wernock.
For if a painter would ypaint a pike,
With asses fete, and hedded as an ape,
It cordeth not.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, ii. 1043.
So ben Augustins and Cordileres
And Curmes, and eke sacked freres.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7463.
He (the tyrant) has invented lying worıls and modes,
Empty and vain as his own coreless heart.

Shelley. Queen Mab, s, iv. CORK. Corking pin. A large pin, used to fasten a lady's head-dress to a mould of cork.

They maden loudè minstralsies
la cornmuse, and eke in shalmies.

Chaucer. Book of Fame, iii. 128.

She anoyntide his face with oynement and boond togidere the tressis of hir heeris with a coronal (E. V. mitre, mitra) to disseyue hym.- Wic. Judith xvi. lò.

A coroune of grene oke cerial
Upon hire hed was set ful fayre and mete.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2292.
For-thi the corectors claweth heron
And corecteth first yowselue-
And thanne mowe ye sally seye, &c.

Piers Plouhman, v. 6195.
Sotheli he (Balaam) had correpcioun (correptionem) or
reprouynge of his woodnesse ; a doumbe beest under zok,
spekinge with voys of man, forbede the unwisdom of the
prophet.- Wic. 2 Pet. ii. 16.

Let him take pain
To correspond your hope and my desire.

Fuirefat. Guilfrey of Bulloigne, xiv. 26.

It appears to be, at least, one purpose designed by them, (joints in the stems of grasses) that they corroborate the stem; which by its length and hollowness, would, otherwise, be too liable to break or bend.

Paley. Natural Theology, c. XX.
The whiles I quikne the cors,
Called am I Anima.-Piers Plouhman, v. 9631.

And whanne he was rysun fro the office of the deed corse (funeris) he (Abraham) spak to the sons of Heth, seiynge.

Wic. Gen. xxiii. 3.
CORSEINT. Fr. Le Cors seint, the holy body.
Hearne. Also, A saint. Tyrwhitt.
The corsaynt and the kirke he thrette for to brennynge.

Robert of Brunne, p. 44.
Knowestow anght a corsaint,
That men call Truthe!--Piers Plouhman, v. 3567.
(He) saied, He trowed hire compleint
Should, after, cause hire be corseint.

Chaucer's Dreme, v. 942.
CORYLETS. Lat. Corylus. A filbert tree.
And if they chane'd to slip the prouder pines,
The under corylets did catch the shines
To gild their leares.
G. Fletcher. The Christian's Triumph after Death, st. iii.

Cosmopolitism has endeavoured to substitute a sort of universal citizenship, in place of the family affections, regarding these as so many disturbing forces (the proper aim of the philanthropist being the general and greatest good of the whole).

Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. i. ch. 6. The affection of a mother is altogether special, and terminates upon the infant without any calculation as to the superiority of the family over the speculative systems of the Cosmopolites.-ld. 10.

COSS. See Kiss.

COSSIC. Co or Cosa stands for the unknown quantity: whence Algebra was sometimes called the Cossic art.- Hallam, Lit. of Europe, i. 321.



And didden all hir might sens thei were one,
This coler . . . costed me nevere

For to recoveren blisse and ben at ese,
And though it hadde cost ned ine catel, &c.

And paised wo with joyes counterpaise.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 405, 406.

id. Troylus und Cressida, iii. 1407. And coste in hem (impende) that thei schaue her heedis.

COUNTERTAIL, s. Fr. Contre-taille. (See in

Wic. Decdes xxi. 24.
Do coste on them that they maye shape theyr heades. Cotgrave.) To tally in return; to cor-respond.
(M. V. be at charges with.)- Bib. 1549. Actes xxi. 24. Folweth Ecco, that holdeth no silence

But ever answereth at the countertaille.
Also theij weren ful bisy to make a costlewe tabernacle to
the onour of God, by his bidding, and techyng, that figuride

Chaucer. March. Tale, v. 9066.
holi chirche und vertues in mennes soulis.
Wic. v. i. Jer. Prol. p.

COUNTOUR. Used as early as Robert of Glou

cester. Computator, Accounter, Hearne. Countour, COSTIVE. See Ache, Quotation from Caxton, in Chaucer's Duchesse,-Perhaps, treasurer, steward. supra.

Adam of Arderne was his chief countour.
COSY, adj.

Robert of Gloucester, p. 538.
Words common in familiar
Cosily. speech, denoting a great degree of

Cosiness. Scordial, social comfort.

COTERIE, 8. orIt seems merely to be-An

Wo! that ioynen hous to hous, and feeld to feeld coupleth,

yn to the termne of place.- Wic. Is. v. 8.
QUOTERIE. S assembly of persons, where
each contributes his Quota, to the conference or con-

The trees (tigna) of oure houses cedre; our couplis

(laquearia) cipresse.-Id. Song of Solomon, i. 16. versation; now usually applied to select assemblies And thei fauen that monei to the crafti men and main fashionable life. Lat. Quot, how many.

souns for to bie ... trees (ligno) to the joynyngis of the

bildyng, and to the coupling of housis (contugnationem). COTHURNALS. Lat. Cothurnus. The (tragic

Id. 2 Par. xxxiv. II.
actors) boot, or shoe, reaching up above the calf. COUR. See COWER.
The tragick stage on high cothurnals climes.
Sandys. Ovid. Life of.

COURAGE. ? The Lat. Animus is translated

CORAIOUSTE. I Corage by Chaucer. See in v.

Conceive, supra.

I abod hymn that made me saf, fro to litil coriaouste of (He) cogheth, and curseth.-Piers Plouhman, v. 12018.

spirit. (L. V. litilnesse, pusilanimitate.)

Wic. Psalm liv. 9. COULTER.

I saw; the sone of Ysaye Bethlamyte, kunning to harpe, My plow-foot.

mizti by strength, a man curaious in batyl. (L. V. able to (Shal) helpe my cultour to korve

batel, bellicosissimum.)-1d. 1 Kings xvi. 18. And clense the furwes.-Piers Plouhman, v, 3404.

His men (David's) couraged hym to sle hym (Saul).

The Chrysten Rule of the whole World, A. 4. COUNCIL. Vossius rejects the following etyo in theyr warres.

Whiche were the chief helpers and courageours of them mology-asserted by Hobbes.

Óracyon of Cayus Flammeus, e. 8. Wurcestre, Erle of. This word counsel, consilium, corrupted from considium, comprehendeth all assemblies of men that sit together, not COURIER. only to deliberate what is to be done hereafter, but also to My dazis swiftere weren than a cornur (cursore); thei judge of facts past, and of law for the present.

floun, and thei sezen no good.- Wic, Job ix. 25. Hobbes. Commonwealth, pt. ii. c. XXX.

O many thousand times twelue

Saw I eke of these pardoneres,

Currours and eke messaungeres,

With boxes crommed full of lies.

Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii, 1. 1038.
And somme putten hem to pride,

Apparailed hem therafter,
In contenaunce of clothynge comen degised.

Piers Plouhman, v. 47.

And this Chanon, right in the mene while,

Curteisly the kyng thanne
Al redy was this preest eft to begile;

Com ayeins Reson-
And for a countenance, in his honde bare

And bitwene hymself and his sone
An holowe stikke.

Sette hym on bench.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2169.
Chaucer. Chan. Yem. Tale, v. 16732.

COURTEPY, s. Court pie, or pied-Piers PlouhCOUNTER. To sing an extemporaneous man and Chaucer. A tunic-too short to reach the

COUNTRYNG. ) part upon the plain chant. Not feet.—Skinner. A short coat of coarse cloth-from uncommon in Skelton. Dyce.

the Teut. Kort, curt, and pije, shaggy, coarse wool.


(He was clothed) in kirtle and courtepy
Indeed its (Conscience) restorative efficacy, though far And a knyf by his syde.
more striking, is not so habitual, nor in the whole amount

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2633. so salutary as its counteractive efficacy.

Ful thredbare was his overest courtepy.
Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. i. c. 4.

Chaucer. Prol. v. 291.

The giddy ship, betwixt the winds and tides

In thee shal be blissyd alle cosynages of the erthe. (L.
Fore'd back and forwards, in a circle rides,

V. kynredis, cognationes.)- Wic. Gen. xii. 3.
Stunn'd with the diff'rent blows; then shoots amain, The seed of hem abit stille beforn hem; and the cum-
Till counter-buff'd, she stops and sleeps again.

panye of peegh men, and of cosynes. (L. V. sones of sones,
Dryden. Cym. and Iphig. nepotum.)-Id. Job xxi. 8.

And loo! Elizabeth, thi cosyness (cognata ; L. V. cosyn), Counterfeitures of the King's privy signet and sign

and sche also has conceyuede a son in her elde.

Id. Luke i. 26. manual were made treason by Henry VII.

Nat. Bacon. Historical Discourse, pt. ii. c. 33, p. 256. COUTH.
Money imbased by counter-facture, clipping, &c.

To the foulest (craft)

Id. 16. e. xvi. p. 143. I kouthe have put hym.- Piers Plouhman, v. 13460. COUNTER-PLEAD. See COUNTER.

The seventhe, Debraia Mynx, that is to seie, the wordis Ne countreplede clerkes

of daies, the which more kouthli (E. V. nameli, qv.) may I counseille thee for evere.- Piers Plouhman, v. 7641. be clepid the Cronycle of Goddis stories.

Wic. Prol. to 1 Kings.
For love ne wol not counterpleted be
In right ne wrong.

This thing anon was couthe in every strete.
Chaucer. Legend of Good Women, Prol. v. 476.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv.

Writ in the Syriak tongue, which well he could. COUNTERPOISE. See COUNTER.

Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, xiii. 39.
It shall do us as mochel gode,

And to our herte as moche availe
To counterpeise ese, and travaille,

To alle nede time is, and coumableness. (L. V. cesoun,
As we had wonnen with labour.

opportunitas.)- Wic. Eccles. vii. 6. Chaucer. House of Fame, iii. 660. But for he miştenot azeinstonde the Kyng, he kepte

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