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NEW YORK, MAY 4, 1907

Volume 86

Number 1


published in Kansas, and which we are

President Roosevelt and A Railway that Goes to

the Moyer - Haywood

informed has a large circulation, Eugene



1 André Theuriet..


Debs prints a hysterical and outrageous

What Honoré Jaxon Rep- Calvin's Quadri-Centen-


2 nial

12 attack upon President Roosevelt, called

The Standard Oil Com- Flower - Beds and Tele-

pany and Secret Rates.. 2 phone Service .... 13

out by the recent publication of a

The American Society of The Jamestown Celebra- private communication to Congressman

International Law...... 3



Mr. Root on Japan....... 4 Two Radical Remedies... 15

Sherman in which the President charac-

A Curious Strike...

5 A Proven Failure


terized Messrs. Moyer, Haywood, and

Nourishment at the Root 6 The Practice of Immor-

Shall We Discourage tality...

19 Debs along with Mr. Harriman as

Manliness in the The Spectator.



desirable citizens.” In his attack Debs

6 The New York Police.

A Tale of Modern Buc. By L. B. Stowe..... 21 uses such language as this:


7 More Things Japanese.

The British Colonial Con. By an Observer.. 29 He [the President] uttered lie as black


8 The West at Home.-I. In

and damnable, a calumny as foul and atro-

Imperial Organization.... 9 the Country. By C. M.


The New Movement in

cious, as ever issued from a human throat.



9 Comment

Current The men he thus traduced and vilified, sit-

A Crisis in Belgium.. 10 Books

36 ting in their prison cells for having dutifully

The Hudson Bay Route. 10 Letters to The Outlook... 39 served their fellow-workers and having

The subscription price of The Outlook is Three Dollars a

spurned the bribes of their masters, tran-

year, payable in advance. Ten cents a copy,

Postage is prepaid by the publishers for all subscriptions in scend immeasurably the man in the White

the United States, Hawaiian Islands, Philippine Islands,

Guam, Porto Rico. Tutuila (Samoa), Shanghai, Canal

House, who with the cruel malevolence of a

Zone, Cuba, and Mexico. For Canada $1.20 should be barbarian has pronounced heir doom.

added for postage, and for all other countries in the Postal

Union $1.56 should be added for postage.

There is not a bloated plutocrat in the land

Charge of address: When a change of address is ordered, who would not hail with joy the election of

both the new and the old address must be given. The notice

William H. Taft as President; he would be

should be sent one week before the change is to take effect.

Copyright, 1907, by the Outlook Company. Entered as almost as acceptable to these vultures as

second-class matter in the New York Post-Office.

Roosevelt himself. .. Such is Theodore


287 Fourth Avenue, New York

Roosevelt, the President, who condemns

Chicago Office, 1436 Marquette Building

workingmen as murderers when they are

objectionable to the trusts that control his

A recently pub- administration.

President Roosevelt

lished letter of Of course the President has never con-

and the

President Roose- demned Moyer and Haywood as mur-

Moyer-Haywood Trial

velt has again di- derers. He has not even used the word.
rected the attention of the whole Nation But demagogues like Debs, who happily
to the approaching trial of William D.

do not represent the law-abiding work-
Haywood, charged with the assassina- ingmen of the country, never let facts
tion of former Governor Steunenberg, of interfere with their endeavor to excite
Idaho. The trial, the various aspects of envy and class hatred.

The genu-
which were described at length by Mr. ine advocate of popular rights, like the
Luke Grant, of Chicago, in The Outlook President, combats government by the
for April 6, is set for May 9 at Boisé, mob as earnestly as government by the
Idaho. Many labor organizations of plutocrats.
the country have interested themselves
in Haywood's defense, which is an en-

At first the President

The President's

tirely proper thing to do if this interest

ignored critics of the

Real Attitude

is kept within the bounds of law, order,

Debs class, but finally,

and decency. But some of the revolu- on receiving a letter from Honoré Jaxon,

tionary and demagogic self-appointed of Chicago, Chairman of the “Cook

labor leaders have surpassed all limits of County Moyer-Haywood-Pettibone Con-

public morals in their attempts to preju- ference," he has made a dignified reply.

dice the case. In a Socialistic paper This “Conference” recently formed is

called The Appeal to Reason, which is composed largely of revolutionary Social-





ists, but represents comparatively few connected with labor unions. Jaxon is trades unions. On its official stationery a Canadian with a strong streak of Inthe words are printed: “Death cannot, dian blood in his veins. He acted as will not, and shall not claim our brother. secretary of state to Louis Riel in President Roosevelt turned the shafts of the Northwest Rebellion, escaped from criticism leveled at himself against his a Canadian prison after the rebellion critics. Referring to the above phrase, was put down, and reached Chicago he said: “This shows that you and your during a strike of carpenters in 1886. associates are not demanding a fair trial, He sought admission to the union, and but are announcing in advance that the because of his ability to speak and write verdict shall only be one way, and that he soon was in charge of the strike. you will not tolerate any other verdict. With a map of the city before him, he Such action is flagrant in its impropriety, marked off the buildings where nonand I join heartily in condemning it.” union men were employed, and is credThe President, while declaring that his ited with being the first man to introcharacterization of the accused duce “ slugging” tactics on a systematic could not in any sense be interpreted basis into Chicago's industrial disputes. as an opinion of their guilt in connection Since then he has worked at various with the murder of Steunenberg, did not occupations. He has engaged in conmince words in repeating his private tracting and building, he has studied opinion of them. “ Messrs. Moyer, law, he has worked as a canvasser and Haywood, and Debs,” he said, “ stand solicitor, and three years ago attained as representatives of those men who some notoriety as the first disciple of have done as much to discredit the labor Jacob Beilhart, the founder and leader movement as the worst speculative finan- of the Spirit Fruit cult. Jaxon is now ciers or most unscrupulous employers of a strong advocate of the doctrine of labor and debauchers of legislatures have

“non-resistance.” His claim to recogdone to discredit honest capitalists and nition as a labor representative rests on fair-dealing business men. They stand the fact that he is a member of the as the representatives of those men who Canvassers' and Solicitors' Union. This by their public utterances and mani- is a local organization not recognized festoes, by the utterances of the papers by the American Federation of Labor, they control or inspire, and by the words and its membership is composed of and deeds of those associated with or Jaxon and one other man, also an subordinated to them, habitually appear agitator. Between them they pay the as guilty of incitement to or apology for small per capita tax necessary to bloodshed and violence. If that does entitle them to representation in not constitute undesirable citizenship, the Chicago Federation of Labor for then there can never be any undesirable the privilege of airing their theories citizens." This letter of the President on the floor and writing resolutions. is written at a time when his political Jaxon courts notoriety, and in getting enemies are doing all they can to turn recognition from the President of the the “ labor vote against him and his United States he has reached the height policies. Its courage and practical ef- of his ambition. fectiveness as a reply will be widely recognized by all good citizens.

The Standard Oil The Standard Oil

Company of Indiana Who is Honoré

Company and

has been found guilty What Honoré Jaxon

Secret Rates
Jaxon, the man who

in the Federal Diswrote the letter trict Court in Chicago of accepting sewhich drew forth the denunciation of cret freight rates in violation of the the President ? Jaxon cannot be con- Elkins Inter-State Commerce Law. The sidered a representative of organized indictment, which contained 1,903 counts labor, although at various times in his (each of which represented a single shipcareer in the United States he has been ment of oil), charged that the Standard

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had accepted a rate of six cents a hundred other unjust and illegal discriminapounds on oil shipped from Whiting, tions. Many of these discriminaIndiana, to East St. Louis, Illinois, when tions were clearly in violation of the the published tariffs fixed the legal rate inter-State commerce law.” It will be at eighteen cents, and a rate of seven remembered that the truth of this stateand a half cents a hundred pounds ment was strenuously and half-conon oil shipped from Chapell, Illinois, to temptuously denied by the officials of the St. Louis, the legal rate being nineteen Company. Mr. Rogers and Mr. Archand a half cents. In defense the Com- bold, two vice-presidents of the Standpany contended that the rates were notard, in commenting on Mr. Garfield's solicited or accepted knowingly or with report, declared: “We say flatly that an intent to violate the law; that the any assertion that the Standard Oil Chicago and Alton Railroad is not now Company has been or is now knowingly nor ever has been engaged in inter-State engaged in practices which are unlawful commerce ; that the tariffs on which the is alike untruthful and unjust. ... There Government based much of its case had have been no secret rates nor unlawful not been posted in accordance with the discrimination in the interest of the governing statute; and that rates equiva- Standard Oil Company." lent to the concessions alleged to have been accepted were available over the Burlington and the Chicago and Eastern

The first annual

The American Society Illinois Railways. It is said that during

meeting of the

of International Law the six weeks' duration of the trial more

American Society than three tons of documentary evidence of International Law closely and approwere submitted to the jury. Way bills, priately followed the first annual Peace shipping orders, receipts, pages from and Arbitration Congress. The meeting account books, and transcripts of records was held at Washington, and was really to the number of more than fifteen thou- a continuation of the sessions of the sand were put in evidence. After only Peace Congress. The subjects for distwo hours' deliberation the jury returned cussion included the development of a verdict of guilty on 1,462 counts, the international law; the second Hague other counts in the indictment, having Conference; rights of foreigners in the been stricken out by the presiding judge United States in case of conflict between in his charge to the jury. A motion for Federaltreaties and State laws; immunity a new trial was entered by the defense, from capture during war of non-offendand it is almost certain that the case will ing private property upon the high seas; be carried on appeal to the United contraband of war; the transference of States Supreme Court. The penalty for prize cases from municipal courts to an the offenses of which the Standard is international court; and the forcible colconvicted would be fines amounting to lection of contract debts. In the discus$1,462,000, if the minimum penalty of sions the Secretary of State and two ex$1,000 prescribed by the Elkins Law Secretaries of State participated. Mr. were imposed. The maximum penalty of Olney was characteristically caustic in $20,000 for each offense, which it is, of his interpretation of the Government's course, inconceivable that the judge policy regarding Santo Domingan debts would inflict, would make an aggregate and the acquirement of the Panama fine of nearly thirty million dollars. Canal Zone without compensation to The conviction of the Standard in such Colombia. In this connection he paid

. full measure is an ample justification of his vigorous respects to the corollaries the statement made by Mr. Garfield, Com- now derived from the Monroe Doctrine; missioner of Corporations (now Secretary for instance, if a South American State of the Interior), in submitting last May his does not behave itself well (good behavior report on the transportation of petroleum, according to our own standards, of course) that “the Standard Oil Company has it may be coerced by the United States habitually received from the railroads, into doing the right thing; if necessary, and is now receiving, secret rates and may have its revenues sequestered and

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