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Albertinus* de Eucharistiâ, lib.1, cap. 30, p. 209, enumerates 2

popes, Innocent 3, and Pius 2. ; 4 cardinals, Bonaventure, D'Alliaco, Cusan, and Cajetan; 2 archbishops, Richardus Armachanus and Guererius Granatensis ; 5 bishops, Stephanus Eduensis, Durandus Mirnatensis, Gulielmus Altisiodorensis, Lindanus Ruremondensis, and Jansenius Gandavensis; doctors and professors of divinity, Alexander Alensis, Ricardus de Media Villa, Johannes Gerson, Johannes de Ragusio, Gabriel Biel, Thomas Waldensis, Jo. Maria, Verratus, Tilmannus Sigebergensis, Astesanus, Conradus, Johannes Ferus, Conradus Sasgerus, Joh. Hesselius, Ricardus Tapperus, Palatius, and Rigaltius. In fine, 2 popes, 4 cardinals, 2 archbishops, 5 bishops, 19 doctors—In all, 32.

Article 14, of Pope Pius' Creed.

I also admit the holy Scriptures Item 'sacram Scripturam juxta in that sense which our holy mo- eum sensum quem tenuit et tenet ther church, whose province it is sancta mater ecclesiæ, cujus est to judge of their true sense and judicare de vero sensu et interinterpretation, has held and does pretatione sacrarum Scripturahold; neither will I ever receive rum, admitto; nec eam unquam and interpret them otherwise than nisi juxta unanimem consensum according to the unanimous agree- patrum accipiam, et interpretabor. ment of the fathers.

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any one

that the in- Si quis dixerit, in ministris, tention of doing at least what the dum sacramenta conficiunt et church does, is not required in conferunt, non requiri intentioministers, whilst they make and nem saltem faciendi quod facit administer the sacraments, let him ecclesia, anathema sit. be accursed.


• A Protestant. But these names will enable persons who have access to college libraries to verify the fact by consulting the originals.

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Chapter 1.

Caput 1.
On the real Presence of our Lord De reali Præsentia Domini Nos-

Jesus Christ in the most Holy tri Jesu Christi in SS. Eu-
Sacrament of the Eucharist. charistiæ Sacramento.

In the first place the holy Principio docet sancta synodus
council openly and simply pro- et apertè ac simpliciter profitetur,
fesses, that after the consecration in almo sancto Eucharistiæ Sa-
of the bread and wine, our Lord cramento, post panis et vini con-
Jesus Christ, true God and man, secrationem, Dominum nostrum
is truly, really, and substantially Jesum Christum, verum Deum
contained in the sweet and holy atque hominem, verè, realiter, ac
sacraineut of the Eucharist under substantialiter, sub specie illarum
the forms of those sensible rerum sensibilium contineri. Nec
things. For these things are not enim hæc inter se pugnant, ut
repugnant to each other, that our ipse Salvator noster semper ad
Saviour always sitteth at the right dexteram Patris in cælis assideat,
hand of our Father in heaven juxta modum existendi naturalem;
according to his natural mode of et ut in multis nihilominus locis
existence, and that, nevertheless, sacramentaliter præsens suâ sub-
he is sacramentally present with stantiâ nobis adsit, eâ existendi
us in his substance in many ratione, quam etsi' verbis expri-
places, in that mode of existence, mere vix possumus, possibilem
which although we cannot ver- tamen esse Deo, cogitatione per
bally express it, we may not- fidem illustratâ, assequi possumus,
withstanding conceive, and ought et constantissimè credere de-
constantly to believe, our thoughts
being enlightened by faith, to be
possible with God.


Catechism of the Council of Trent, printed at Venice, 1582-De

Sac. Euch. p. 241. But now the pastors must here Tam verò in hoc loco a pasexplain, that not only the true toribus explicandum est, non body of Christ, and whatever ap- solum verum Christi corpus, et pertains to the true mode of quidquid ad veram corporis raexistence of a body, as the bones tionem pertinet, veluti ossa et and nerves, but also that entire

nervos, sed etiam totum Chris. Christ is contained in this sacra- tum in hoc sacramento contineri. ment.—On the Sacrament of the Eucharist. *

The priests have recently made a translation into English of this catechism, in which the expression “ bones and nerves" is omitted.

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Occham. Cent. book 4, ques. 6. Occamus Centilii, lib. 4, 9.6.

It is more reasonable and easier, Substantiam panis remanere, raand attended with fewer incon- tionabilius et facilius esse ad teveniences, and moreover less re- nendum, imò minoribus incompugnant to the holy Scriptures, modis obnoxium et sacris Scripto hold that the substance of the

turis minùs repugnare. bread remains.

Cardinal Cameracensis.

Card. Camerac. in 4, d. 11, q. 6,

art. 1 and 2. Transubstantionem non posse probari ex sacris literis.

Transubstantiation cannot be proved from holy writ.

Cardinal Roffensis, Book against Card. Roffensis, Lib. cont. Luth.

Luther on the Babylonish Cap- de Capt. Babyl. c. 1. tivity, chap. 1.

There is no word in Scripture Nullum in Scripturâ verbum by which it can be proved that positum esse, quo probetur in this transmutation of the sub- missâ hanc substantiæ transmustance takes place in the mass.

tationem fieri.

Cardinal Cajetan, in Th. p. 3, Cajet. in Th. p. 3, 9.75, art. 1.*

9. 75, art. 1.

There does not appear out of Non apparet ex evangelio cothe gospel any thing to compel us activum aliquod ad intelligendum

The above quotations from Scotus, Biel, Occham, Cardinal Cameracensis, Cardinal Roffensis, and Cardinal Cajetan, have been extracted from Bishop Cozens' Work, and I have had no opportunity of verifying them. Hence in corroboration of them Í have appended the testimony of Bellarmine.

to understand these words lite- hæc verba propriè, nempe, “ Hoc rally, namely, “This is my body," est corpus meum :" imo præsenand truly that presence in the tia illa in sacramento, quam tenet Sacrament, which the church ecclesia, ex his verbis Christi non holds, cannot be proved by these potest demonstrari, nisi etiam acwords of Christ, unaided by the cesserit ecclesiæ declaratio. declaration of the church.

Bellarmine on the Eucharist, Bellarminus de Sacram. Euch. book 3, c. 23.

lib. 3, c. 29. For Scotus in 4, dist. 2, qu. 3. Scotus enim in 4, dist. 2, qu. 3. Whom Cameracensis follows, says Quem sequitur Cameracensis three things. He says, secondly, tria dicit.

Secundo that there is no passage in Scrip- dicit, non extare locum ullum ture so express, as to compel Scripturæ tam expressum, ut sine the admission of transubstantia. ecclesiæ declaratione cogat trantion without the declaration of substantiationem admittere. Atthe church. And this is not que id non est omnind improbawholly improbable; for although bile. Nam etiamsi Scriptura, the Scripture above cited seems quam nos supra adduximus, vito us sufficiently clear to con- deatur nobis iam clara ut possit vince any man who is not self- cogere hominem non protervuni, willed, yet whether this be so may tainen an ita sit meriid dubitari well be doubted, seeing that the potest, quum homines doctissimi most learned and keensighted men, atque acutissimi, qualis cum prisuch as more particularly was mis Scotus fuit, contrarium senScotus, think differently.


The extracts from the fathers, which are opposed to transubstantiation, are to be found in Part II.

Bede's Comment on 3rd Psalm.

He gave to his disciples at the supper the figure of his most holy body and blood.

Beda Comm. in. 3 Psal. Dedit in cæna discipulis figuram sacrosancti corporis et sanguinis sui.

The following opinion of the fathers of the council of Constantinople assembled under Constantine and Leo in the eighth century, and consisting of 338 prelates, which condemned images, will be read with interest by Protestants. The deacon Epiphanius read the acts of this council aloud in the second council of Nice, where they were condemned.

Second Council of Nice, - an.

Concilium Nicænum 2, anno Dom. 787, extracted from Lab- Chris. 787, Hudrian 8. baus.

Labbaus and Cossarte's Councils, Conciliorum Philippi Labbæi et

Tom. 7. (Printed at Paris, Gab. Cossarti, Soc. Jesu, tom. 1671.)

7, p. 446. (Lutetiæ, 1671.)

Action 6.

Actio Sexta.

Let those rejoice and exult

Lætentur et exultent, et fiduand walk confidently, who make cialiter agant hi, qui veram Christi the true image of Christ with a imaginem sincerissima anima fasincere heart, and desire and ciunt, et desiderant et colunt, * venerate and offer it for the pre

et in salutem animæ et corporis servation of soul and body, which offerunt; quam ipse sacratissihe who was the most holy Sacri- mus immolator et Deus noster, ficer and our God, delivered to

secundum tempus prohis ministers about the time of priæ passionis in typum et remehis own passion as a type and

moralionem evidentissimam tramost evident remembrance. didit ministris suis.

Bishop Cosin says of Johannes
Erigena, an. Dom. 860.

Johannes Erigena popularis John Erigena our country

noster (quem Alfredus rex sibi man, (whom King Alfred ap

ac suis liberis præceptorem con. pointed as preceptor to himself

stituit, et ad inchoatam Oxonii and his children, and sent to

academiam adornandam misit) adorn the newly-established aca

dum in Galliis ageret, ubi Carolo demy of Oxford, when he was in

Calvo Regi acceptissimus fuit, Gaul, where he was most wel

libro de corpore et sanguilie come to King Charles the Bald; Domini conscripto, non dissimiin a book on the body and blood lem doctrinam exposuit, eamq of the Lord, set forth a similar

clarissimis Scripturæ Sæ, ac doctrine, and proved it by the clearest Scripture, and the tes

veterum patrum testimoniis comtimony of the ancient fathers: probavit. Qui ducentis post an

nis, sub Leone 9 Papâ, damwhich book was condemned 200

natus est.---Lanf. in Ber. years afterwards by Pope Leo 9. --Lanf. in Ber. (Historia Transubst. Papalis, by John Cosin, Bishop of Durham.)

* Σεβομενου. The words, ex nobis ex toto massam assumons, are omitted as interrupting the sense.

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