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cy; and what may be the consequence her children (if any should happen, of this, God only knows; but what- which God forbid) without giving ever it may be, I am sure, I have her the power to prevent them. at present as much reason to re
(This JOURNAL to be continued commend the story of Richard III.
in our next.] to the perusal of those who are now fo needlesly fond of a council
AS of regency, as they have to recommend that story to me; and I Mall An Account of a Book, intitled, The farther recommend to them the story Aljatick Tolerant. A Treatise for of Edward VI. and the terrible con- the Use of Zeokinizul, King of the sequences that befel this nation by Kofirans, furnamed the Beloved. the untimely death of that hopeful A Work translated from the Arabick young prince, and the ambition of B
of the Traveller Beckrinoll. By him who was at the head of that
M. de ***, Paris. council of regency. Happy had it been for that prince, happy had it
I excuse errors, but not cruelties. been for the nation, if his father,
Taken from a foreign Journal, 1750. Henry VIII, had, notwithstanding HIS little piece is not unworthe complaisance of his parliament, left the appointment of a regency to C lick. It were to be wilhed, for the the next parliament that should af. honour of those who make profession semble after his death ; but as he had of christianity, that there never had got from the parliament a power to been any occasion to examine the appoint a regency by his latt will, question, which the author treats of in the intrigues of the cabinet prevailed, it. But the spirit of intolerance is so and produced that bydra, which liccle banished from amongit them, brought so many misfortunes upon D that there is a neceffity, from time this kingdom, and would have been to time, to shew the incompatithe occasion of the utter extirpation bility of it with the principles of of the protestant religion, if queen good sense, the spirit of the gospel, Elizabeth had not been preserved by and sound policy. This is the de a miraculous sort of providence. fign which the Anonymous has pro
If this bill should pass, Sir, in the poled to himself, in making uie of form it is at present, we shall all E the strongest reasonings that have have reason to pray, that it may been advanced in favour of tolera. not be attended with any such fatal tion, by Mr. Bayle, in his philosoconsequences ; for if it should, Iphical commentary ; Mr. Locke, in am sure, neither the religion nor some of his letters and other works ; virtue of the present times can intitle and Mr. Noodt, in his discourses us to hope for any relief from Provi.
upon the power of the sovereigns, dence ; but by the wisdom of this F and liberty of conscience. He has houle, I hope the bill will either set forth their principles in few be rejected, or so amended as to words, has explained them with give that gracious princess, who is great clearness, and has exprefled named in it, not only the name but them with force. the power of a regent ; for as the The author calls himself a Roman bill now flands, I must look upon it Catholick, and declares, that he rather as an insult than a compliment G had 'undertaken his work purely out to her royal highness, and, in my of compassion to the reformed of opinion, a cruel inlult too, becaule ince. " It is not their cause I it is making her answerable for all plead, says he, in the conclusion of che misfortunes that may happen to his book, it is the cause of truth. I
of the Preface and Dedication.
355 have no relation with them. I had mischiefs, that a difference of religion looked upon them for a long time had occasioned in that kingdom. as miserable banditi. But my health From thence it passes to the means, obliging me to take a journey to which cardinal Richelieu used to : a city in Kodkueland *, I was un- enervate the force of it, and to the deceived ; I deplored the lot of manner in which Lewis XIV. fupthose unhappy people, and I pitied A pressed it. It comes at last to what their blindness, and I abhorred the was done on this account under the tyranny of intolerance. Thereupon ministry of cardinal du Bois, and to I made the plan of this little book.” what has been seen since the last war,
“ Emort, if thou complainest This spirit of intolerance, which that this is betraying thee, make thy. seems to revive, makes this book felf enemies that I may hate." necessary. It is dedicated to the
To say something Itill more pre. B king of France, and we are assured cise of the pretended or real author that it has been read by his ministers. of this work, we Mall obferve, that The epistle dedicatory breathes a he takes the name of Bekrinoll, that noble boldness. We cannot help is to say, Crebillon ; that he calls transcribing some pieces of it.' himself of Paris, an enemy to ty- “Great by your conquests, says he ranny, full of zeal for the service of to that prince, the question is at his country and for the glory of his present, Sire, to increase the splen.' prince ; that his pretended translator dor of your glory by opening your gives him the testimony of being eyes upon the miseries of your subequally distinguished by the qualities jects. There are three millions of of the mind and heart, of which he them, who have groaned in oppressiknows and avoids the errors; and on for above 60 years. All their that he would have had the courage crime consists in remaining inviola. to present it to Zeokinizul I, if cou. D bly attached to the sentiments of the rage alone had been fufficient. molt illustrious of your ancestors, the
This disguised name, in which is great Kraten-Hueri si sentiments found that of Crebillon, and this which they prefer, I know not by allusion to one of his works, fuffici. what blindness, to those which that ently shew that he is the author of prince embraced afterwards out of this book, or that they have a mind necessity. It is true, for I must not to put it to his account. Be it as it E disguise any thing, that they are will, it cannot but do honour to him accused of violating the laws ; but it who has wrote it, since the princi- is no less than what all the sensible ples of it are conformable to huma- men among us grant, that they cannity, and to the spirit of christia- not observe them without infringing nity:
those of a greater king than you, Under an ingenious fi&tion, like Sire, of a king by whom you reign, that of M. Fontinelle in his Princess f of the immortal Riftkesusi il. Heir Eenegu, and that of Dr. Swift in his to the throne of Kraten-Hueri, can Tale of the Tub, is represented to us, you suffer, Sire, that in contempt of in the preface, the manner in which his facred promise they should perfe. Rome has aggrandized itself, and cute thole, to whom your majelty made of persecution and intolerance owes your crown?lt does not the firm support of its throne : It belong to me, Sire, to give you lesspeaks particularly of the ravages G fons, but it belongs ftill lels to a which it has caused in France, and monarch of the Kofirans to make Mews that the edi&t of Nanoz had unhappy men. Your great grandfa. brought a fure remedy to all the father ceased to be great, when he
Y y 2
began • Languedoc.
+ Rome, Lewis XV, Henry IV, li Jesus Chrift.
began to be a persecutor. Would fion of Lewis XIV. to the throne of
In the body of the work, the au- adds ; " Is it not indeed infinitely thor demonstrates, that toleration more criminal to carry into another's is a christian duty, because it is the bed the pleasures which they retrench characteristick mark of a good chri. from that to which they are united stian, because intolerance is expresly B by oaths taken before the altars, than
В contrary to the law of nature ; be. to say, that Emor has not a right to cause it has dreadful consequen, depopulate kingdoms and insensibly ces; and because its principles are to annihilate itself by making men contradictory, and rejected by the and even women eunuchs ? Is it not most able lawyers. He Thews, next, infinitely more criminal to dishonour that civil toleration is necessary in human nature by excesses of sensua
с good policy, because princes have C lity, than to believe that Emor is not no right of inspection over conscien- a magician, kilful enough to operate ces ; because the intolerants are the with four words contradictory prodi. greatest enemies to the society; and gies? Is it not infinitely more crimi. because their maxims tend to arm nal to deceive men, either by the inall men, one against another. Fi- fraction of treaties, or by subtle nally, he shews, that the edict of tricks, chan ta say with experience, Nantz was irrevocable, and that in D that Émor and its conclave are subjustice, equity, and sound policy, it ject to be mistaken even involuntarily! ought to be restored. This is, in -To perpetuate the empire of vices, brief, the purport of this book ; and to destroy that of opinions, what fubwe should here conclude our extract, version of order! Why do we lct (Jays our Journalis) were there not that reproach fubfift, which the infisome particular paslages, upon which dels continually throw out against us, it will not be useless to stop a little. E that our life destroys our sentiments ?
We observe, first, that it were to May it not be, as Ebba de Larsvil+ be wished, that the author had been said, because the Dervisses I, who more cautious in his expressions. It are the principal favourers of intole. is difficult to make ourselves liked rance, find themselves infinitely more by persons, to whom we tell hard proper to multiply mankind and truths ; but we make them our ene. vice, than to multiply errors ?". mies, when we express them in F And lower, “ Dervisles, Fadirs , too strong terms, Self-love at such Ebba's ||
, Kueves **, Klarnadis ++! time plays its game; they are tempt. - Is it for the good of the Kanvili. ed to look on all this as the effect of ans If that you have obtained so mapassion and a spirit of party; and ny thundering decrees ? Alas ! if you the best reasonings are without ef- have so much zeal for the salvation feet. We cannot therefore approve of others, why bave you not some of the infinuations of the Anonymous G for yourselves? Why do you scan. against the legitimacy of the succes- daiize
us by your worldliness?
Why * Heresbe Journalist quotes some very fevere pallages from the book, wbicb we shall not med lle wirb, any more ebon wiib lome orbers cowardo ibe end of ibis abfragt. + Abbé de Villars, 1 Prigts. Farbers,
tt Cardinali. 31 Calvinis..
1751. 'A fevere SATIRE 'On the Romish Clergy. 354 Why do you not reform a life, which will find many censors among the ill agrees with your principles, your courtiers, the ministers, and even the duties, and your character? Why do people. He maintains, that there you employ the money of the poor, cannot be a despotical sovereign, the substance of the members of Rift- because the fovereignty having been kesusi, in your pleasures, in luxu. established for the good of the subry, in good cheer, in debauchery ? A jects, they cannot hope to attain that Why are the moft disorderly among end by arbitrary power. Besides, if you the most zealous persecutors ? it be true, that there have been subDo they think by this intolerance to jeets senseless enough to make, as pass a spunge over their disorders ? the Danes have done, a king master Do they think thereby to expiate of their estates, of their lives, of their crimes ? If persons upright in their own and their childrens blood, the commerce of life, irreproachable B such a contract is null in itself, be. in their manners, persecuted the cause it is unjust, and because it is Kanvilians, it might be imagined not in any one's power to bind him. that their blind zeal came from a self in such a manner. Every love. virtuous principle; but that Dervis. reign therefore, who exercises an ar. ses, who join the errors of the heart bitrary power, and who makes use to the errors of the mind ; that Fa. of it to opprefs his subjects, is a ty. dirs, whose idleness makes them a Crant, &c. &c. useless weight upon the earth ; that But does arbitrary power take the disciples of Alloyo *, who have place in France ? The Anonymous kreened from the sword of judice affirms it ; and it is against this afferone of their brethren, attainted and tion that the French will not fail to convicted of a crime, perhaps com. exclaim. He has foreseen it : And mon among them, who have their indeed he excepts against them for hands ftill dyed with the blood of the Djudges. “ Those, says he, who by beit and the greatest of our kings, birth, education, example, interest, who are always ready to renew tle have been formed to the yoke, canlike attempts, who, besides, are so to- not well judge of the nature and of lerating, that they even permit idola. the prerogatives of liberty.” try ; that Ebba's, whose whole oc- The author then endeavours to cupation is romances, whose whole fhew, by what degrees arbitrary pow
, pleasure is gallantry, whose whole E er has been established in the kingknowledge is the history of the toi. dom, from Lewis XIII. to this time. lets, whose whole merit is the petit- The parliament of Paris gave the last maitre air ; that voluptuous Kueves; blow to the liberty of the French, that effeminate, proud, covetous by deciding, fome years ago, at the Klarnadis, that a villain (you under. request of the attorney-general, that stand me) should be the promoters the three orders of the kingdom do of persecution, is what is called P not form any body in the state, ex. making sport with the publick." cept when they are assembled; which
What the author says of the Ro. they can be only by the king's perman church and of its clergy, will mission ; that when they are afsem. have many approvers amongst the bled, they may represent but not deFrench laity, who very often divert cide, they may make remonstrances themselves with this subject; but but not laws. perhaps it will not be the same with G As the author's reafonings might his opinion of the power of love. make him pafs for a difturber and a reigns, and the state of dependence seditious, he endeavours to obviate of the subjects in respect to them. It this reproach in concluding this fub.
ject. • Ignatius Loyola,
. “ Let it not be believed, say's he, mistress of the world by her conthat my
reflections tend to arm the quests, became the object of its people against their sovereigns. God wonder and imitation, by the imforbid! The subjects may do as provements that she made in almost they will. It little concerns me. I
every art. should be very sorry to disturb the Africk, on the other hand, thro' repose of kingdoms; but to say the A her neglect of literature, is grown truth, I fould be still more so to altogether unfruitful, and even fal. have pleaded for tyranny and Navery. len into that barbarity, of which it Somebody was asked, whether fub.
bears the name. jects had a right to revolt against The reverse has happened amongst their princes? It was answered, that the northern nations: They were long it were to be withed, that princes looked upon as rude and barbarous : werc persuaded that the people have B As soon, however, as learning was that right, and that the people should introduced amongst then, they sent believe they have it not. This an-! abroad proficients in all arts and swer is very sensible, and I adopt fciences, who have equalled at least, it.”
if not surpafred, what other nations
have ever produced. Abfract of the late celebrated Mr. As the arts and sciences gain
ROLLIN'S curious Differtation C ground in any nation whatsoever, on the valuable Advantages of a the inhabitants thereof are in proporLiberal Education.
tion transformed into new creatures : LL skilful and industrious tutors, From whence it may be justly con
who make the instruction of cluded, that the minds of men are their pupils both their duty and de. near upon a level in all parts of the light, have three principal objects world that all the difference be
; in their view, in the due discharge D tween one and another, is principally, of their important trust. Their first if not altogether, owing to a liberal concern is, to cultivate their minds education'; that according to the with all those aids of learning, where. neglect, or cultivation of the sciences, of their years are capable. From whole nations rise or fall ; and that thence they proceed to rectify and their future prosperity or declension, form their hearts by the principles in a great measure, depends upon of honour and honesty. And for the E them. However, without having completion of their work, they use farther recourse to history, let us their utmost endeavours to establish take a transient view of what, for them in the principles of their most the generality, occurs in the course holy religion.
From thence we may In order to entertain an adequate discern, what a wide difference a idea of the great advantages, which little art and industry will make bearise from the habituating of youth F tween two traits of land of equal to the study of such arts and sciences value. The one, if uncultivated, reas are suitable to their years, we mains wild, and is over.run with need only reflect on the vast distinc- weeds; the other under the care rion which learning makes, not only of a skilful gardener, is richly laden between one man and another, but with fruits of all kinds, and of the between two different kingdoms. most delicious flavour ; is embellished
Tho' the Athenians possessed but G with a vast variety of particoloured a small territory in Greece ; yet, by flowers ; contracts within a few carrying the liberal arts and sciences acres whatever is most curious, molt to perfection, they compleated their proper for the nourishment and sup. own glory.
port of the owner, and most enterRome, which had made herself