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$751. Pleasant Stories of Dioce nes at Athens. 361

This is thč most important and es both the sellers and talkers of all sential point, and should be the chief sorts, I at lengih happened to light end of all their instructions. Tho' upon a philolopher, who was dirreligion should not be always in their coursing concerning the qualily and mouths, yet it should be ever in their eficacy of the fun. Coming up to minds, and never out of sight. him, and crowding in among his

There are a thousand paffages to A audito:s, I alled him, Pray, Sir, be met with in the writings of the how long is it once you dropt from Pagans themselves, which furnish a heaven: The poor orato, not a little judicious tutor with such reflections, surprized at my question, antwered as are proper to give youth an ade- not a word; which tis audience ob. quate idea of the fanctity, and the serving, and thinking I had confuperior excellence of the christian founded his arguments, departed, religion to any other. And such pas. B kaving him to contemplate the rest fages qught frequently !o be thrown upon the ground, and me to pursue

in childrens way; as instruction, by my frolick. Quitting this numbkkul, examples, is more effcctual and per- I accoited another, a poet, who litfuafive than by precepts,

tirg, crowned with laurel, in the In short, realon, after having midst of a throng, and pretending grac'd the understanding of a scho- not a little to divination, i demandlar with the knowledge of all bu. C ed of him, whether he was a good, man Sciences, and strengthen’d his or a bad prophet? Perceiving me to heart with all the moral virtues, hold up my stick, he answered, He must at length resign him into the was a good one. Guess then, quoch hands of religion, that he may learn 1, whether I intend to Atrike thee from thence how to make a right or not. I believe you dare not, ufe of all that has been taught him, replied he. Taking that for an arand be consecrated for eternity. D gument of his ignorance, I truck Reason fhould inform him, that him. The mob immediately made without the instructions of this new a great clamour ; whereupon turnmaster, all his labour would prove ing to them, I asked, what they but a vain amusement. Reason, in nieant by all that noise ? Is it, quoth fine, should suggest to him, that it I, because I have beaten a false is his greatest happiness, and most in- prophet? Hereupon the people, be. dispeniable duty, to make all his E ing convinced of their error, forother acquistions and talents subler- sook him, and followed me. I be. vieht to his religion.

gan to discourse to them upon several

subjects, all which they relished fo Having, in cur lajt, presented our well, that some offered me gold and Readers with two remarkable Let

Glver ; others, things of equal value, ter's of DIOGENE S, the famous and most of them invited me to Cynick Philosopher, we fball bere F fupper. Keeping, nevertheless, to my infert another from tbe fame, to profefion of poverty, I refused all Monemus ; telling him fome plia- but a few neceffaries. Supper, it is fant Adventures of his at Athens. true, I accepted, but that only from HILST you continue in one, a rich young citizen. When I

Olympia, expecting every came into his dining room, I found day the games should be celebra. it nicely adorned in every part : led, I am come to Athens, where IG Even the pavement shone with riches, pass my time in another manner. and the walls and cieling likewise Walking the other day about the reficeed theirs upon it. After I Forum, with my cup in my band, had been there for some time, bav. after my usual custom, and viewing ing occafion so {pit, I looked round August, 1751.



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362 ADVENTURES of a Country Retirement. Aug. about me, and finding no place more the next bowling day, and others proper, I fpit upon my holt. Heim- desirous of his interest to accommomediately demanding the reason of date disputes, or of his advice in my proceeding, I told him, he the settlement of their fortunes and ought to blame himself, not me, for the marriage of their children. since I saw no place besides anadorn

The civilities which we had reed in his whole house, I thought he


ceived were soon to be returned, was the fitreft to bestow that ex

and I pafled some time with great crement upon. To which he re- satisfaction in roving through the plied, You Nall hereafter have no country, and viewing the sears, garsuch occasion to find fault with me, dens and plantations, which were and therefore, next day, selling all scattered over it. My pleasure would he had, he became one of our fra. indeed have been greater, had I been ternity. This is what has happen- B sometimes allowed to wander in a ed to me, since I left you at Olympia. park or wilderness alone; but to apFarewel.

pear as the friend of Eugenio was an

honour not to be enjoyed without From the Rambler, July 27. some inconveniences.

In these rambles of good neighSIR,

bourhood, we frequently passed by TAVING been long accu a house of unusual magnificence ; ed to retire annually

from the cand one day I enquired of Eugenio, cown in the summer months, I late- as we rode by it, why we never, ly accepted the invitation of Eugenio, amongst our excursions, spent an who has an estate and seat in a dir- hour where there were such an aptant county. As we were unwilling pearance of splendor and affluence? to travel without improvement, we Eugenio told me that the seat which turned often from the direct road, I so much admired, was commonly to please ourselves with the view D called in the country the haunted of nature or of art, examined every house, and that no visits were paid wild mountain and medicinal spring, there by any of the gentlemen whom criticised every edifice, contemplated I had yet seen. As the haunts of every ruin, and compared every incorporeal beings are generally scene of action with the narratives of ruinous, neglected, and delolate, I historians. By this succession of easily conceived that there was someamusements we enjoyed the exercise thing to be explained, and therefore of travelling, without suffering the told him that I fupposed it was only fatigue, and had nothing to regret, fairy ground, and that we might but that by a progress so leisurely venture upon it by day-light without and gentle, we missed the adventures danger. The danger, says hę, is of a poft chaise, the pleasure of indeed only that of appearing to alarming villages with the tumult of solicit the acquaintance of a man, our paffage, and of disguising our in- F with whom it is not possible to consignificancy by the dignity of hurry. verse without infamy, and who has

The first week after our arrival driven from him, by his insolence or at Eugenio's house was passed in malignity, every man who can live receiving visits from his neighbours, without him. who crouded about him with all the Our conversation was then acci. eagerness of benevolence; tome im.dentally interrupted, but my inpacient to learn the news of the G

quisitive humour being now in mocourt and town, that they might be tion, I did, not reft without a full qualified by authencick information

account of this newly discovered proio diciare to the rural politicians on digy. I was soon informed, that the

1751. Character of 'Squire BLUSTER. 363 fine house and spacious gardens were to his own, his oppressions are often borne haunted by 'íquire Bluster, of whom it without resistance for tear 'of' a long suit, of was very easy to learn the character, fince which he delights to count the expences, nobody has regard for him fufficient to without the least folicitude about the event ; hinder them from telling whatever they for he knows, that where nothing but an could discover.

honorary right is contested, the poorer an'Squire Blufter is descended of an ancient tagonia must always fuffer, whatever Mall family. The estate, which his ancestors A be the last decision of the law. had immemorially poffefTed, was much aug. By the success of some of these disputes, mented by captain Biufter, who served un. he has so elated his insolence, and by re.. der Drake in the reign of Elizabeth ; and flection upon the general hatred which the Blufters, who were before only petty they have brought upon him, ro irritated gentlemen, have from that time frequently his virulence, that his whole life is spent in represented the shire in parliament, been meditating or executing mischief.' It is chosen to present addresses, and given laws his common practice to procure the hedges at hunting Matches and races. They were to be broken in the night, and to demand eminently hospitable and popular, till the B satisfaction for the damages, which his father of this gentleman died of a fever, grounds have suffered from his neighbours which he caught in the crowd of an elec. cattle. An old widiw was yesterday folia tron. His lady died soon after him, and citing Eugenio to enable her to replevin her left the heir, then only ten years old, to the cow then in the prund by 'quire Bluster's care of his grandmother, who would not order, who had rent one of his agents to suffer him io be controlled, because the take advantage of her calamity, and percould not bear to hear him cry, and never

fuade her to sell her, cow at an under rate. fent him to school, because the could not C He has driven a day labourer from his coco live without his company. She taught tage, fir gathering blackberries in a hedge him, however, very early to inspect the for his children, and has now an old woAteward's accounts, to dog the butler from man in the county jail for a trespass which the cellar, and to catch the servants at a The committed, by coming into his grounds junket, so that he was at the age of 18 a to pick up acorns for her low. compleat master of all the lower arts of Money, in whatever hands, will cohrer domestick policy ; he had often, in the power. Distress will Ay to immediate re. road, detected combinations between the fuge without much confideration of re. coachman and the oftler, and had pro. D mote consequences. Blufter has therefore cured the discharge of 19 maids for illicit a despotick authority in many families, correspondence with cottagers and chare- whom he has affisted on pressing occasions

with larger fums than they can easily repay. By the opportunities of parfimony which The only visits that he makes are to these minority affords, and the probi'y of his houses of misfortune, where he enters with guardians had diligently improved, a very the infolence of absolute command, enjoys large sum was accumulated, and he fouud their terrors, exacts their obedience, riots himself

, when he took his affairs into his E at their charge, and in the height of his own hands, the richest man in the county. joy insulis the father with menaces, and It has been long the custom of this family the daughters with obscenity. to celebrate the heir's completion of his He is of late somewhat less offensive; for 2ift year, by an entertainment, at which one of his debtors, after gentle expoftulathe house is thrown open to all that are in- tions, by which he was only irritated to clined to enter it, and the whole province großer outrage, seized him by the Neeve, focks together as to a general festivity. On Jed him trembling into the courtyard, and this occafion young Bluster exhibited the closed the door upon him in a stormy nigtit. firrt tokens of his future eminence, by F He took his ufual revenge next morning by Taking his purse at an old gentleman, who a writ, but the debt was discharged by the had been the most intimate friend of his affistance of Eugenio. father, and offering to wager a greater som It is his rule to suffer his tenants to owe than he could afford to venture ; a practice, him rent, because hy this indulgence, he with which he has at one time or other secures to himself the power of seizure, 'insulted every freeholder within (en miles whenever he has an inclination to amuse round him.

bimself with calamity, and feast his ears His next a&t of offence was exerted in a G with entreaties and lamentations. contentious and spiteful vindication of the Such is the life of 'squire Bluster ; a man privileges of his manors, and a vigorous in whose power fortune has liberally placed and relentless profecution of every man the means of hippiness, but who has dethat presumed to violate bis game. As he feated all her gilts of their end by the de. happens to have no estate adjoining equal pravity of his mind. He is wealthy withe

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364 Summary of the last Session of Parliament. Aug. oue followers ; he is magnificent without tions, “Will nobody knock the dog down? wirrettes; he has birtli without alliance ; Will nobody kill the dog?" Or words to

and influence with our dignity. His neigh. that effect. bours (corn him as a brute ; his depen. After a long debate, this motion was updent drezd him as an oppressor, and he on a division agreed to by 152 to 69. Then has only the gloomy comfort of reflecting, a motion was made, that the said Alex. that if he is haled, he is likewise feared.

Murray mould, for his said dangerous and A Summary of the most important Affairs in A feditious practices, in violation and con

tempt of the authority and privileges of the lift Sien of Parliament. Continued

that house, and of the freedom of ele&ti. from p. 193.

nns, be committed close prisoner to his maTHE same day, v?. Feb. 4, tho or.

jesty's goal of Newgate ; whereupon the der for hearing the merits of the

journal of the house of Feb. 23, 1749, in Wefiminster eitdien, w.cls stood for text

relation in the proceedings of the hou e for day, was put off to the Thursday following,

the punishmeni of Wm. Myddelton Erq; to that the boole, it irenswas refoived to

was read ; and the motion afrer a new des vinjicace their own privileges, before pro. B hate agreed to; after which it was, after an. ceeding to hear that election ; and on the

nother debate, resolved, That he Mould then Wedneday following, the house resumed

be brought to the bar of that house, to rethe coderation of Mr. Murray's affair,

ceive his sentence, there, upon his knees. an! the high bailiff and counsel for Mr.

He was accordingly brought to the bar, Murray wire called in the former think.

and dircctcd by Mr. Speaker to kneel; but ing he had no occafion for any counsel)

as he considered, thae he could nor be dir. ard fereral witnefits being examined on

charged from Newcate during the refsion, boshi Gides, and parties and counfel with.

C without petitioning, and aknowledging an drawn, it wis nioved to reiolue, That it

offence which he did not think himself guilty appeared to that be, that the Hon.

of, and which he was resolved he never Alexander Murray, E1q; on May 15 Juft, world d., he therefore refused to be upon being the day of the return of a member to

his krees, especially go he thought that his serve in parliament for the city of Weft. failing voluntarily upon his knees, would be minifter, attended hy a min, did, berore

an acknowledgment of his being guilty. the return was m.de, come to th: house

Upon this lis refusai, he was taken from of Mr. Bildivin, the die uły higli-bailiff of the bar, and it was resolved, That his hav. the rid ciry, and then and there declared, D

'ing, in a most infolent and audacious man. in a mecare and insuling manner, that ner, at the bar ol rhac house, ahfolutely rehe and a thousind mure had orn, that fuied to be upon his knees, as required by the high bailiff should make his return in their former resolution, was a high and most the middle of Covent Garden, ad not in

dangerous contempt of the authoriry and the portico ; that he was a fool tie had not

privilege of that house'; in conseqi p*** ce of ordered the iron sails be:ore the portico to which it was ordered, that he thonld be be cut down the night before ; for that he committed close prine: to Newgale, in had advised with counsel, that if he had E order to his forth.coming, to abire fuch done it, and had not taken the rails away, orders as should be made by that house, in it would have been only a crespass ; and relation to his faid contempe ; aid thit that for 100 or 101. they might have been while there, he mould not be allowed the mide good again; and that, had it not been use of pen, ink, or paper, nor any perlon to humour fome fiint hearted fellows, it admitted to have access to him, without would have been done, or words to tliat the leave of the house. A commities was effect ; and that the faid Alexander Mur.

then appointed to consider what atitrods Fay, immediately after the return was


might he proper to be taken by the house, made, appeared in Covent Garden ciurchi. in relation to the faid contempt; who were yard, while he returning officer was in the to withdraw immediately into the Speaker's veftry, near the place where the return was chamber, and impowered to send 'or permade, at the head of a mik, ho appear. fons, papers, and records, and to fit, not. ed to be on the part of Sir Gen, Virdeput, withfarding any adjournment of the house. and did thin utier words existing nod in. Il being now half an hour past one of Daming 'h: fald multirede to fault and the clock on Thursday morning, the house murder the returning officer; and that af. adj urned vill Friday morning, by which terwards, as the returning facer was g.9. G the order for hearing Westminster eection ing away, the raid Alexander Murray, was dropt ; and Mr. Murray was, in an persevering in his wicked purposes, dit, at hour or two alter, carried to Newgate. the head of the said mob, arain ircite thurn Feb. 8, upin níotion it was ordered, to 2014 oi viclence, saying, wird impreci. that the lord Embank Mould have leave to

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1751. Summary of the lay Session of Parliament, 365 resort to his brother, the Hon, Alex. Murray, Lamond, and Mr. Cooke the apothecary, Erq; then a prisoner in Newgate, commit attending, according to order, the formes ted by an order of that house ; and at the was called in, and after a very friet exsame time a person from the Keeper of amination, as to the present state of Mra Newgate having informed the house, that Murray's health, tho' che doctor affirmed, Mr. Murray was ill, and defined that Dr. that it was fill very bad, it was resolved, Lamond a physician, and Mr. Cocke an a. that no person allowed by that house to repothecary might have leave to resort to A Sort to Mr. Murray, nould have, without him, it was ordered accordingly, After

fresh leave of the house, any further access which, upon motion, the order for hearing to him, except Dr. Lamond, and Mr. the Westminster election was revived, and Cooke, and except the nurse who had been it was ordered to be heard on the 12th; but allowed to be with him ; so that from on that day the petitioners, upon motion, henceforth he was dep: ived of the compahad leave to withdraw their peritions; and ny of his brother and filter, and the alienda the order for hearing the election was dir. ance of his own apothecary and fervant. charged, which put an end to this re. From this time, unsil April 2, nothing

B markable contest.

parted in relation to Mr. Murray; but na Feb. 13, upon motion it was ordered, that day the house being informed, that the that the Hon. Mrs. Helen Murray should faid Dr. Lamond was attending at the door, have leave to resort to her brother Mr. and was defirous of giving the house some Murray, then a prisoner in Newgate ; and information relating to him, he was called that a nurse and another servant should in, and acquainted the house, that he had be admitted to be with him ; and next that day attended Mr. Murray, that he apday Mr. John Gibson got his petition prehended him to have the goal distemper presented to the house, expressing his for. C coming upon him, and that he left him to row for having incurred the displeasure of extremely ill, that if he was not immedi the house, giving the strongest and most ately removed from the place of his tlien solemn assurances of his never giving the present confinement, there would be no least offence for the future, and praying to poffibility of saving him. Upon this it was be discharged from his confinement; where. ordered, that the said Mr. Murray Thould upon it was ordered, that he mould be be discharged from his confinement in New. biought to the bir the next morning, in gate, and delivered over into the custody order to his being discharged, and that Mr. of the ferjeant at arms, in order to give Speaker should issue his warrants accord

D satisfaction to that house from time to time, ingly. Next day he was accordingly brought in relation to the fate of his health ; ani to the bar, where, upon his knees, he re: chat Mr. Speaker Ahould issue his warrant ceived a reprimand from Mr. Speaker ; and accordingly. It was also ordered, that no was ordered to be discharged out of custo. other perfon should be admitted to resort dy, paying his fees.

to him, while in such custody, excepe fuch Feb. 18, Sir Wm. Yonge reported from other person or persons as Mr. Speaker the said commitree, appointed to confider Thould, from time to time, think fit to auand report to the houre, what methods E thorise by warrant fo to do, upon proper might be proper to be taken by the house, application to be made to him for that purin relation to the faid Mr. Murray, and the pole ; and that Mr. Speaker Mould be imSaid report being read, it appeared from powered to issue his wasrants accordingly, thence, that no person had ever refused to and, thirdiy, it was ordered, that Mr. Müpa be upon his knees when directed by that ray, wh le in such custody, mould not be house, except during the usurpation which allowed the use of pen, ink, or paper, began in the reign of K. Charles I. and otherwise than as Mr. Speaker should, from that even then close impr forment was the f time to time, think fit by his warrant co only pun inment inflicted. Therefore the authorise ; and that Mr. Speaker should be house did not thereupon come to any new impowered to iffue his warrants accordresolution, but only ordered, that the said ingly. Dr. Lamond, and Mr. Cooke the apothe. Next day Mr. Speaker informed the cary, should arrend the house on that day house, that the deputy of the serjeant at fe'night. In the mean time, on Friday arms had something to communicate to 22. the house being informed, that Mr. the house, relating to the execution of Murray was still so very bad m Newgate, the orders made the day before, for rethat it was neceffary for his being blooded, G moving Mr. Murray from Newgate, inca and that one Mr. Golding had many years the custody of the serjeant at arms; and heen his apothecary and surgeon, and con. the deputy being called in, he acquainted the sequently best acquainted with his conftitu. house, that he did the evening before como tion, therefore it was moved and ordered, municate to the keeper of Newgate Mr. that the said Mr. Golding Mould be admila Spearg's warrants for remov.ng the brid ce to refort to him; and on the asch, Dr.


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