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for that is a direct method of preserving five large Assembly districts, containOVERNOR COX, the Democratic faith in government. But no charge of

ing a population of approximately Presidential candidate, has been corruption should be made in a political

250,000 people, in the congested por

tions of the counties wherein the unrepeating his charges concerning campaign without ample proof ; for every represented Assembly districts lie and campaign contributions. In his Wheeling such charge unproved tends to undermine vitally affected by the housing condispeech, the first after his speech of ac

tions, should be without representation

in the Assembly. ceptance, he charged, as reported, that certain interests were banded together

In this the Governor has taken an abto buy the Presidency and that millions

solutely sound position, and one which, had been contributed to the campaign

as we have previously inferred, will not fund of the Republican party with sinister

be without political importance. It will intent. In his subsequent speeches he

undoubtedly strengthen him immeasurhas charged that a vast corruption fund

ably in New York City, the district which is being gathered by financiers for use

Governor Smith must carry by a large in the Republican campaign, that the. Re

majority if he is again to overcome the publicans are raising a fifteen-million

Republican vote "up State." Perhaps dollar campaign fund, and that a ring of

Speaker Sweet and his allies will now corporations and “greedy interests” is

see that they have committed a political contributing largely to this fund, etc.

blunder, even if they are not ready to Mr. Franklin Roosevelt, the Demo

admit that they violated the fundamental cratic Vice-Presidential candidate, de

principles of American government. In clared, as reported, that the Republican

the politician's category of crime the first campaign fund would exceed thirty mil.

is a greater offense than the second. In lion dollars, adding that “such a sum

a Presidential


in which the New could not be honestly expended.”

York State vote will have such a treMr. Hays, Chairman of the Republican

mendous influence upon the final result, National Committee, has replied to Gov.

Speaker Sweet's Bourbonism may weigh ernor Cox and Mr. Roosevelt, as follows:

heavily in the scale of the National camBoth of these men know that the

paign. Republican National Committee has

faith in the soundness of government adopted a plan, which I announced itself. more than a year ago, for financing our

WILLIAM BARNES campaign by a method of decentralized

WRITES A BOOK giving, securing small contributions from

GOVERNOR SMITH IS NOT a great many, with a limit of one thou

R. WILLIAM BARNES of Albany has ASLEEP sand dollars as a maximum for any con

written a book. We have not seen tribution ; that Mr. Harding had pub; OVERNOR SMITH has called an ex

this book, but we learn from the New licly approved the plan, and that the

traordinary session of the New York

York “ World” that it is entitled “ReCommittee had readopted it after he

State Legislature. for September 12, to was nominated..

publicanism in 1920.” The “ World ” also By reason of the enlarged electorate formulate measures for the relief of the

states that many subscriptions to aid in and the greatly increased cost of all difficulties arising from the present the publication of this volume, averaging things, we figure that there will be re- shortage of dwellings. It is a real emer- at least a thousand dollars apiece, were quired a total of about three million

gency which justifies this special session, gathered from men who have been redollars, an average of about ten cents per voter. ... If this attempt. should fail

and the Governor is to be commended garded as intelligent leaders of the finanto produce the requisite sums, we shall for the action which he has taken.

cial world. Exactly why these men con80 state publicly, increase the maximum,

There is another factor in this call, tributed or for what purpose the money and seek additional contributions. however, of political significance which

was to be applied has not yet been made There has been no intimation, so. far we suspect that the Governor has not

clear. The Republican National Commitas we know, by either Mr. Cox or Mr. failed to observe.

tee, however, has stated, according to the Roosevelt, that the Democrats have de- The seats of five Socialists from New

“World,” that the persons who contribclined to receive the largest contribu- York City in the New York State Assem- uted to the publication of “Republicantions possible. Mr. Hays said hand- bly are now vacant owing to the ouster ism in 1920” were assisting a private


proceedings conducted by Speaker Sweet, undertaking and not the National party. somely that no criticism of th." crats for seeking the largest obtainable which have been fully reported in The In its account of the publication of contributions would be offered. He added: Outlook. The Governor in his call for a Mr. Barnes's volume the “ World” Nor shall we, in resentful emulation special session says:

quotes a letter sent by Senator Harding of the positive charges of the Demo cratic candidates, so much as intimate

Accompanying the proclamation for which will do much to alienate the prothat their responsible officers will use

the extraordinary session I have issued a gressive element in the Republican party. any part of their fund corruptly. Frankly proclamation calling special elections on

We publish this letter in full: and squarely, as between mutual re

September 16, 1920, in the five large specting citizens, we don't believe they

Assembly districts that would not be Hon. William Barnes, No. 20 East will, or would if they could. represented in the Assembly at the ex

48th Street, New York City. If proof of corruption exists it is an traordinary session.

My Dear Mr. Barnes : I am in re

I am unable to bring myself to absolute duty to expose it immediately,

ceipt of your letter of recent date in the undemocratic way of thinking that which you outline your plans for the



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Central News Service

publication of a volume under the title the State line into Alabama (where the have been exaggerated. On the other of “ Republicanism of 1920."

Tennessee police could not force their at- hand, it is clear that the Bolsheviki have I do not hesitate to commend the undertaking, which contemplates the

tendance), thinking to prevent the gather- failed in their immediate purpose and presentation of the real gospel of Re- ing of a quorum and thus indefinitely to are not in the position to dictate the publicanism. We need it in the party, stop any legislative action except adjourn. terms that they would have liked to imand the country needs the party re- ment from day to day—or at least long pose upon Poland. stored to power committed to the orthodox Republicanism which made us what

enough to win the two votes from the Most of the Polish advance was made we are, and it is essential to the fulfill- ranks of the suffrage supporters needed to the north and east of Warsaw; and, ment of a great American destiny. to pass a motion to reconsider. Never- it is reported, the corridor between

I should be very glad to co-operate theless, the members remaining defeated Poland and the Baltic Sea, where Russian with you in any possible way to make

reconsideration. the work a real success. If we can have

troops had appeared, was shut off from the promulgation and distribution of But the anti-suffragists did not stop the rest of the Russian forces, and virtuwholesome doctrine, it will contribute a there. A judge of the Chancery Court of ally the entire fourth army of the Russians

. very effective part in restoring the party Davison County (in which the State cap- was isolated. Many thousands of Russians to power.

ital is situated) issued a temporary writ surrendered and were taken prisoners. Wishing you success, I am, very truly W. G. HARDING.

of injunction restraining the Governor yours,

Poland's military success has had the and Secretary of State of Tennessee from effect of stiffening the British GovernIf Mr. Barnes is an authority on the transmitting to the Federal Secretary of

ment's attitude toward the Bolsheviki. Republicanism of 1920," so much the

State at Washington a certification of After a conference between Lloyd George,
ratification. The “antis” have now ob-
tained an injunction enjoining the clerks
of the two houses of the Legislature from
making out such certification. Despite
these precautions, the Governor has certi-
fied the ratification, and has sent the
certification to Secretary Colby.

The anti-suffragists thus declare (1)
that the ratification resolution was not
legally passed; (2) that the motion to re-
consider was defeated by less than a legal
quorum; (3) that State officials have been
enjoined against attempting to certify


retary of State will be; and (4) that the Press Illustrating Service

validity of the Legislature's action will PRINCE CASIIMIR LUBOMIRSKI, THE FIRST MINworse for that Republicanism. If we be denied by the courts.

ISTER TO THE UNITED STATES FROM. POLAND, were to suggest a title for Mr. Barnes's

Until the action of the Legislature is venture in literature, we would offer

confirmed by a legal certificate from the “ The Republicanism of 10,000 B.C."

Prime Minister of Great Britain, and State of Tennessee to the United States, Giolitti, Premier of Italy, a statement The New York “ World” has no need to

and the ratification of the Amendment cry, "Would that mine adversary had

was issued representing the attitude of written a book !". He has.

by three-fourths of the Statės is pro- the Governments of these two countries. claimed by the Federal Secretary of That statement condemned the attempt

State, the Constitution remains of Russia to insist that Poland's army WOMAN SUFFRAGE NEARLY changed.

should consist of a single class of the OVER THE TOP

country—the workingmen. In that stateN August 18, 1920, the lower house

ment. occurred these significant words: POLAND URING third

The government of Poland is based

on the choice of the whole adult male Amendment to the Constitution. As the

population of the country without disupper house had already passed the reso- Russians developed into so large a move- tinction of class, and the so-called civil lution, the action of the lower house ment that by the end of the week the army to be drawn from one class, which would have been final if it had not been Russian armies on almost the entire front

is referred to in the fourth condition of

the Soviet terms, is only an indirect for certain parliamentary and legal ob- were retreating in disorder.

method of organizing a force to overstacles. As all but, one of the necessary It is impossible at this time to give a throw by violence the democratic constithree-fourths of the States had ratified coherent and trustworthy account of the

tution and substitute for it the despotism the Amendment, these obstacles alone military movement which for the time at

of a privileged few who may have ab

sorbed the doctrines of Bolshevism. prevented the Amendment from becoming least prevented the capture of Warsaw a part of the Federal Constitution. and what threatened to be the complete The statement declared that if the

The Tennessee Legislature acted despite defeat of Poland. When it is remem- Soviet Government refused to withdraw the State Constitution's provision that bered that even the first Battle of the this sinister proposal, no free government no legislature should act on an amend- Marne was not generally fully understood could " acknowledge or deal with the So

nt to the Federal Constitution unless until many weeks after it occurred, it is viet oligarchy." elected after the amendment had been not surprising that the account of this This part of the statement sounds much submitted. Following a motion to recon- engagement in the heart of Poland, which like the note that was issued by the sider the action it was discovered that has been likened to the Battle of the American Government explaining why thirty-seven anti-suffragist members, fear- Marne, should seem confused. Most of the so-called Soviet Government should ing another suffrage victory, had followed the reports come from Polish sources or be treated virtually as an outlaw. Mr. the example of Andrew Johnson's Tennes- sources friendly to Poland, and it is not Lloyd George incidentally said to newssee " walkout” of 1841. They had crossed impossible that Poland's victory may paper correspondents that the American




the resolution ratifying the Nineteenth D'Polish counter-offensive against the

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is as to who will cultimately prove to be I looks as if some day we might have

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note seemed to be inconsistent with offices in the other line's country or in entire series of games has not yet been President Wilson's acquiescence in the the countries outside of the United States announced. proposed conference with the Bolshevists and Germany.

Portraits of two American recordit Prinkipo last year.

It will be interesting to see whether breakers are to be found in “ Current Further editorial comment

American enterprise will outdistance Ger- Events Illustrated” on another page. Polish situation will be found elsewhere

man enterprise in this direction. Mutual in this issue. advantage will doubtless result from this

THE HAGUE SPIRIT co-operative arrangement. The question


a real HE. latest Boche victory is not in

Concerning the selection of judges for diplomacy or politics, such as has

the proposed court, The Outlook has latterly repeatedly been won in getting THE OLYMPIC GAMES

already reported the recommendations easier terms under the Treaty of Ver

HE track and field events of the sev

made by the Jurists' Advisory Commitsailles ; it is economic. It means the re

tee, of which Elihu Root is a member. turn to active business of the Hamburg

enth Olympia were concluded on American Line. The pledge for this state

These judges would be chosen for a long August 23. America, it appears, won

these events by a margin of 107 points. period of years; the principle of permament comes from the American Govern

nence should foster the development of a ment itself. Such news will be received

strong judicial precedent, especially as with joy by the forty-odd thousand petty

decisions will be based, not upon adjustofficers and seamen hanging about Ham

ment and compromise, but solely upon burg for jobs. Engineers have been

law and fact. working on other than German ships

Side by side with the problem of selectthere and deck officers have been actu

ing the judges came the question as to ally acting as checkers on the piers and

whether a nation should or should not as watchmen on the ships, while cooks

have a judge of its own nationality on and stewards have been employed in the

the court whenever its interests were hotels throughout Germany.

involved. It was finally decided that each A statement by the United States

party before the court should be repreShipping - Board, as published in the

sented by a judge of its own nationality. daily newspapers, informs us that more

As to the court's jurisdiction, it was than a year ago it concluded that the

evident that the court would be compepre-war facilities, experience, and good

tent to decide all

voluntarily will of the Hamburg-American Line,

brought to it. Beyond these, however, which before 1914 was the premier steam

certain classes of cases by their very ship company of the world, could be

nature should be submitted to the court, utilized to the general advantage of the

cases in which the court should in any American Merchant Marine ; that after

event have the right of judgment and investigation it was decided that a com

compulsory adjudication. Four classes, bination of the Shipping Board and the

it was decided, would call for obligatory Hamburg-American Line should reopen

arbitration—that is, the state complained some of the trade routes formerly oper

against would be obliged to appear in ated by the Hamburg interests, “ in

court, failing which the court would be a purely American way," but that it would be better if an agreement were

free to proceed with the hearing of the

case and the handing down of the decismade between the Hamburg Line and a HANNES KOHLEMAINEN, OF FINLAND, WINNER

ion. These four classes are: private company. Hence an agreement has been made between the United States Unofficial scores, as announced, give to

1. Disputes as to treaty interpreta

tions. Shipping Board, represented by the the United States 212 points, Finland

2. Questions of international law. American Ship and Commerce Corpora 105, Sweden 95, England 85, France 34,

3. Any fact which, if established, tion, and the Hamburg-American Line, Italy 28, South Africa 24. Ten other would constitute a breach of any


national obligation. which now becomes the agent of the competing countries won 10 or fewer

4. The extent and nature of the American corporation in Germany, the points apiece.


ration to be made for such breach. corporation to act in a similar capacity In the course of the games American for the Hamburg Line here. Under the athletics broke three world's records and

Then there came the problem of the plan transatlantic passenger and freight one Olympic record. They established

law to be applied. Here again four cateservices will be operated between New world's records in the 400-meter hurdling gories were decided upon, to be applied York and other American ports and Ger- race, the pole vault, and the 400-meter

in the following order: many, and other services will be estab- relay race, and an Olympic record in the 1. Any international agreements. lished by American ships between Ger- running high jump.

2. Any international custom. many and ports of the world other than

3. General principles of law recogPress despatches from Antwerp, Bel

nized by civilized nations. the United States. Thus this country and gium, where these games were held, give 4. Judicial decisions or opinions comthis Government will directly aid Ger- most prominence to the field and track mon to the most eminent jurists of the many to obtain its old footing in the events, but the Olympic games are not

different countries. South American and other trades. Under confined by any means to these sports. Another problem was the status before cover of our flag, the powerful German Gymnastic contests, aquatic sports, rifle the court of countries not members of trade agencies abroad are likely to be and pistol shooting, are also a part of the League of Nations. It was decided restored, despite the Shipping Board's the Olympic games. The official total of that, for states like our own, invited to rules that each line may establish its own points of all the contests involved in the enter the Leagne but not yet members,


(C) Underwood & Underwood





of energy in the prosecution of these de- A tientere the possibility of the union


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second Hague Conference (1907), and Odense en die tochers is dead at the age

of ONE

the court would be open on the same that the War Department has recently remove from the sophisticated and studied terms as to member states; for countries announced that fewer than one per cent poses of French models. His portraits like Germany, however, which have not of the 24,000,000 men registered under challenged comparison with Watts's, Saryet been asked to join the League, the the Selective Service Act during the war gent’s, Sorolla's, or any latter-day por· court would be accessible but without have been found chargeable with willful traitist, in the artist's ability to character. giving full standing to such countries. desertion. The names of some 170,000 ize, in his directness of touch, and in his

The cases before the court would have men who deserted will shortly be pub- subordination of detail to salient features. proper publicity. As soon

lished, and the War Department asks These qualities are quite as evident in should come before it all League mem- the co-operation of the various State and his etchings as in his color work. Indeed, bers would be notified. The arguments of local officials, patriotic societies, and other so great is the vigor of his etching that it both sides would be public. The court's agencies, including the Department of seems fairly to have taken on the semdeliberations would be private, but its Justice, in bringing about the apprehen- blance of color. decisions would be made in public session

sion of these men. The War Department and immediately certified to all League can stimulate public interest in this at


tempt and increase popular expectation Such are the outstanding features of

n the new court as recommended by the serters by a brief announcement of the jurists invited by the Council of the name of the man responsible for the re

of Protestant Churches in Christian work League of Nations to advise it. The lease of Bergdoll and a statement as to without wasting any time in the discussion recommendations were presented to the the reprimand which he has received. of creeds, rituals, or ecclesiastical organCouncil at its recent session at San How high up would this reprimand hit? izations is furnished by the “Commission Sebastian, Spain. They are in line with

on Relations with France and Belgium of Mr. Root's recommendations, as Secre

the Federal Council of the Churches of tary of State, to the delegates to the A NOTABLE ARTIST

Christ in America.” In this work most ,

NE of the world's best-known paint of the leading Protestant churches in perpetuate the spirit and accomplish


America and, we believe, all the Prot ments of that gathering.

sixty years—Anders Leonhard Zorn. estant churches in France and Belgiun

At first he wanted to be a sculptor, are united. The object of this Commis

and this early tendency is reflected in his sion includes the repair of churches in the THE BERGDOLLS AND MR. BAKER

devastated area, the training of men and HE OUTLOOK some time ago reported

women for leadership in church work and

social service, co-operation with Belgian evader, Grover Cleveland Bergdoll.

and French churches in missionary work Readers of the daily press know that

in French and Belgian colonies, immeGrover Cleveland Bergdoll, after capture

diate relief for impoverished pastors, the and sentence for desertion, was permitted

support and encouragement of Protestant by the War Department to go on a wild

schools and of French and Belgian hos goose chase after hidden treasure. In the

pitals, and the providing and circulation process of this chase Bergdoll escaped

of Bibles and other Protestant publicafrom his guards and has not since been

tions. The American Commission has recaptured. The colonel charged with

assured the French and Belgian comthe custody of this convict has been tried

mittee that the American churches will by court martial and exonerated. It ap

contribute 6,000,000 francs to this work pears that he put Bergdoll under the pro

this year. This pledge ought to be made tection of two experienced sergeants and

good. Any reader of The Outlook who that this guard was considered sufficient

wishes for further information on this by the military authorities. Since Grover

subject can obtain it by addressing Mr. Cleveland Bergdoll escaped, his brother,

Alfred R. Kimball, Treasurer, 105 East guilty of a like offense against the Gov

Twenty-second Street, New York City ernment, has surrendered himself and

We cannot easily conceive of any Chris been sentenced to four years' imprison

tian work making a stronger appeal to ment. We shall await with interest the

Protestant churches for the encourage day upon which he is permitted to follow

ment and promotion of a free and rich his brother's example and go in search of

spiritual life in the impoverished land: the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow.

of our late Allies. We await with more interest, however, avoidance of any flat appearance in his an explanation from the Secretary of later canvases. He soon found waterWar as to the reasons why the War De. color painting a more sympathetic me

A RECENT AMERICAN partment permitted his brother, who dis

PASSION PLAY dium than sculpture, however, and exbibhonors a great American name, to escape

in London

a from the hands of the authorities. So far was a natural gradation to oils, and

in central figure as we have seen, the name of the official first picture in that medium was bought nowhere appears before the audience i responsible for granting this permission by that most prized of all purchasers, the a difficult thing, yet this has beer has not been made public, and no expla- Luxembourg Museum at Paris.

achieved during the last few weeks by nation of the leniency shown this noto- Zorn was distinguished in landscapes, the students and alumni of Canisius Col rious criminal has been vouchsafed. Is but especially in figure and portrait work. lege, Buffalo, in their presentation of the this not a statement which the War De- He became a recognized master in depict Passion Play. The text used was origi partment owes to the public?

ing the nude of his native Sweden, the nally written by Mr. Clay M. Greene, an In this connection it may be recorded unconscious attitudes of his subjects a far one time associated with Mr. Belasco.


Courtesy of Frederick Keppel & Co.


ited successfully
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FIND THE REAL DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE From W. L. Glenn, Berkeley, California

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