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ENER. As eloquent as they (some of the Fathers) naturally were, yet they
But yet I feel no weakness, nor hath length
ENERTE Grze. never appear so eloquent, never put on such a variety of thought and
Of winters quite enervated my strength. expression, such an elevation of soul and style, as when they are
Denham. of Old Age, part ii. ENERVE, discoursing of the energy and power of church music.
For great empires, while they stand, do eneruate and destroy the Atterbury. Sermon 9. vol. iv.
forces of the natives which they have subdued, resting upon their Arise, as in that elder time,
owne protecting forces.
Bacon. Essay 58. Of issitude of Things.
For when they be praised exceedingly they waxe carelesse, disFor I trust it is less the purpose of our present meeting to feast solute and enervute; neither will they be willing afterwards to take the ravished ear with the enchanting sounds of holy harmony (which
Holland. Plutarch, fol. 9.
They thought their whole party safe ensconced behind the sheriffs
State Trials. Trial of Stephen Colledge, 1681. North's Eramo.
But all in vain she throws her darts,
They hit, but cannot hurt our hearts:
Age has enerv'd her charms so much,
That fearless all her eyes approach.
Dorset. The Antiquated Coquel.
Then all the Muses in one ruin lie,
And rhyme began t enervate poetry.
Dryden. Epistle 14. 1o Sir Godfrey Kneller.
The Muse, which should instruct, now entertains,
On trifling subjects, in enervate strains. others engaged in the bustle of active life, she conceived the business
Somervile. To Allan Ramsay.
Hail, noble Albion ; where no golden mines,
No soft perfumes, nor oils, nor myrtle bowers,
The vigorous frame and lofty heart of man
Dyer. The Fleece, book i.
In a word, we ought to act in party with all the moderation which
does not absolutely enervate that vigour, and quench that fervency of pasóueyou, or klvourviçoue you. These were committed spirit, without which the best wishes for the publick good must eva. to the especial care of Exorcists, who were instructed to porate in empty speculation. pray for them, to employ them in innocent business,
Burke. On a late State of the Nation.
Cold-blooded critics, by enervate sires
Scarce hammer'd out, when Nature's feeble fires
Churchill. The Rosciad.
ENFAME, i. e. Infamy, q. v.
Ye forsooth (qu. I) and that so comenly the people woll lie and chief residence. An especial form of prayer for them bring aboute suche enfame. was assigned in the public service, and will be found
Charcer. The Testament of Loue, fol. 290. in Bingham, (xiv. 5, 7,) from the Apostolical Canons, Some men there been that their own enfame can none otherwise (viii. 6 ;) during service they occupied the lower part void, or els excuse, but be hindering of other men's fame.
Id. 16. fol. 292.
ENFAMINED, i. e. famished, q. v. Hungry.
l'nneth is Demophon to lond ywonne The first Council of Orange extended this permission
Weake and eke wery, and his folke forpined as necessity required, or opportunity allowed, (Id. xi.
Of werinesse, and also enfamined.
Chaucer. Of Phillis, fol. 209.
ENFAMOUSED, i.e. rendered famous, q. v.
The midland sea so swiftly was she scouring, joined also that they should not be ordained; and that
The Adriatic Gulfe brave ships devouring,
To Padus' silver streame then glides she on if any of them had been so admitted into the Priest
(Enfamoused by rekeles' Phaeton.) hood, they should be immediately deposed. (Id. xvii.
Browne. Pastorals, book ii. song 1.
ENFAUNCE, i. e. Infancy, q. v.
The which Deuil in her enfaunce
Had lerned of louer's art.
Chaucer. The Romant of the Rose, fol. 136.
ENFECT, i. e. Infect, q. v.
For all the werld they stinken as a gote;
Hir gavour is so raminish and so hote,
“ to bereave of
That though a man a mile from hem be force, of pith, of vigour; to weaken, to debilitate, to
The savour wol enfect him, trusteth me.
Chaucer. The Charones Yemannes Tale, v. 16357.
There was a chanon of religioun
Amonges us, wold enfect all a toun,
Though it as gret were as was Ninive.
Id. B. v. 16416.
EN ENFE'EBLE, 2 Fr. foible, fible; Sp. feble; It.
Was he abashed now, not fighting so;
But, mo enfierced through his currish play, EN. q. d. Alebilis, as we say (Skinner adds) lamentable, and
Hym sternely gryp't, and haling to and fro, FIERCE. pitiful, weak. See also Menage, Le Origini della Lin
To ouerthrowe him strongly did assay. gua Italiana, in v. Fiebole ; and in Du Cange, flebilis,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii. can. 4.
to draw out threads; to extend in length.
straight line, to pierce or penetrate straight forwards;
In the course of a century, nature has obliterated the forms of art,
stroyed the enfilade, by advancing into the walks, or retiring from
Swinburne. Spain, p. 347.
ENFILE, A. S. feol-an, limare; Ger. feelen ; which
Junius thinks may be from the Gr. palos, bright, and
Wachter from the Lat. pol-ire.
To smoothen, to polish, sc. with a file, q. v.
Thei taughten hym a lace to braied,
And weue a purs, and to enfile
Gower. Conf. Am, book vü. fol. 168.
And verily, the common people of India make holes through them,
and so wear them enfiled as carkans and collars about their neckes
Holland. Plinie, vol. ii. fol. 615.
ENFIRE, en, and fire, q. v. A. S. fyr; Ger. feur;
D. vier. Omnia volunt, says Skinner, from the
Whom so sore your pleasant looke enfireth
That printed is your beauty in his hari.
Chaucer. Certaine Balades, fol. 342.
As things diuine, least passions doe impresse,
The more of stedfast minds to be adniired,
The more they stayed be on stedfastnesse.
Spenser. An Hymn in Honour of Loue.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book v. can. 9. ENFLAME, commonly written Inflame, q. v. En,
and flame; It. fiamma; Sp. llama; Lat flamma;
Gr. Olerypa, Olép-elv, ardere, urere, to burn. feud, fief, or fee; which last appeliation (says Black
To warm, to enkindle, to fill with warmth, with ardor,
The tunge is ordeyned in oure membris which defoulith al the
bodie, and it is enflawmed of helle, and enflawmeth the wheel of oure
Wiclif. James, ch. iii.
Exceeding rage enflam'd the furious beast, upon oath or promise of fealty or fidelity. Enfeoffment
To be avenged of so great despight; is a common legal term.
For, neuer felt his impearceable brest
So wondrous force from hand of liuing wight.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book i. can. 11.
I then express'd my zeale
Unto the glory; now, the need enflames me.
Ben Jonson. Catiline, act i.
The gen'rous youth,
My lov'd compeers, hente with redoubled toil
Shall strive to merit such auspicious smiles ;
And through life's various walks, in arts or arms,
Or tuneful numbers, with their country's love
And with true loyalty enflam'd, t adora
This happy realm.
Dr. Warton. Spoken to the King by Lord Shaftesbury.
ENFOLD, commonly written Infold, 4. v. En, and
fold, q. v. Goth. fald-an; A. S. feald-an; D. vorden;
Gr. falten, plicare, complicare. And from plic are,
Wachter is inclined to think the northern word is derived.
To lap or wrap over, to enwrap, to enclose, to en-
Let them all being quite forgoe,
And make it playne,
And in the hearing of so many friends
Sir P. Silney. Psalm 69.
Wherein I see myself
Shakspeare. Merchant of Venice, fol. 184.
These shifts refuted, answer thy appellant
Though by his blindness maim'd for high attempts,
Who now defies thee thrice to single fight;
As a petty enterprise of small enforce.
Milton. Samson Agonistes, v. 1223.
Ape. If thou didst put this soure cold habit on
To castigale ihy pride, 'twere well : but thou
Dost it enforcedly: thou’dst Courtier be againe
Wert thou not beggar.
Shakspeare. Timon of Athens, fol. 92.
With my soveraignes leave
I'll wed thee to this man, will be, nill he.
Phil. Pardon me, sir, I'll be po love enforcer :
I use no power of mine unto those ends.
Beaumont and Fletcher. The Maid of the Mill.
More than I haue said, louing countrymen,
The leisure and inforcement of the time
Forbids to dwell upon.
Shakspeare. Richard III. fol. 208
If good and evil, right and wrong, fitness and unfitness of
being practised, be (as has been shown) originally, eternally Emblems of human life,
and necessarily, in the nature of things themselves; 'tis Brookes. Universal Beauty, book vi. I. 230. plain that the view of particular rewards or punishments,
which is only an after-consideration, and does not at all alter
Clarke. On the Attributes, p. 220.
"Fr. enforcer : to enforce, con- Our gospel-scribe or preacher, in the entertainment of his firm, strengthen, add power, apply force, give strength
spiritual guests, is not always to set before them, only the main
substantials of religion, whether for belief, or practice, but as unto.” Cotgrave.
the matter shall require, to add also illustration to the one, and
South. Sermons, vol. ir. p. 11.
Here by a set of men 'tis thought,
A scheme, by politicians wrought,
To strengthen and enforce the law,
And keep the vulgar more in awe.
Dodsley. Religion, a Simile.
Were my friend
Id. Ib. ch. xxvii.
Less than he is, among the satraps least,
At my enforcement shall the king unite
Their nuptial hands.
Glorer The Athenaid, book xr.
ENFORM, i. e. to form, frame, or fashion. Fr. ence, enforce thee not to speke.
enformer. Id. The Tale of Melibeus, vol. ii. p. 78.
po messengers camen, pe conseil þat he ches
Bifor R. alle samen, and enformed his pos.
R. Brunne, p. 163
pider to Saynt Edmour com pe tresorere,
Walter of Langtoup, þat had been messengere
Il. p. 285.
He knew the diverse went of mortall waies,
And in the mindes of men had great insight ;
Which, with sage counsell, when they went astray,
He could enforme, and them reduce aright,
And al the passions heale, which woud the weaker spright.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book vi. can. 6. sec. 3.
Now commonly written Inform, Till this mad man, whom your victorious might
ENFORMATION. q. v. En, and form, q. v. Fr. Hath now fast bound, me met in middle space.
en former; It. informare; Sp. informar; Low Lat. Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii. can. 4.
informare; a word indeed (says Skinner) entirely un-
known to classic authors, yet truly elegant.
To represent to, and impress upon the mind or
intellect of another, the form or idea of any thing. Shakspeare. Coriolanus, fol. 13. To give or convey ideas; to convey or communicate
ENFORM. knowledge; to instruct with knowledge or intelligence,
An olde man late enfranchised,
CHISE. to teach; to fill with ideas or sensations; to inspire
in dawnynge of the day, ENFRAN
With hāds fair washe wold walk the stretes CHISE. with, to animate.
and most devoutlye praye.
Drant. Horace. Satire 3. sig. P. vol. ii.
But when he saw his love, his youth's fair foe,
He held such petty bondage in disdain ;
Throwing the base thong from his bending crest,
Enfranchising his mouth, his back, his breast.
Shakspeare. Venus and Adonis.
Alas! and must it be
That love, which thus torments and troubles me
In settling it, so small advice hath lent
To make me captive, where enfranchisement
Cannot be gotten.
Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, book i. ;
Such illustrious and noble geniuses were Cosmo di Medices,
Frances the First, Carlo Borromeo, and others, who built or
appointed for them stately apartments even in their own palaces,
and under the same roofe; procuring models, and endowing them
Evelyn. Miscellaneous Writings, p. 317.
distributed among the poor and needie, I can maintaine and Id. The second Booke of Boecius, fol. 215. justify my doings herein, and protect me under the defence and And to the kynge knelende he tolde,
priviledge of the very time.
Holland. Livius, fol. 870.
Within the silent shades of soft repose,
Where Fancy's boundless stream for ever flows;
Where the enfranchis'd soul at ease can play
Tir'd with the toilsome business of the day.
Duke of Buckinghamshire. The Fision.
Not that which bondmen from their masters find,
Their names in this or t’ other Roman tribe ;
Chat false enfranchisement with ease is found :
Slaves are made Citizens, by turning round.
Dryden. Persius. Satire 3.
The Provincials flocked in ; even slaves were no sooner en-
franchised than they were advanced to the highest posts; and
the plan of comprehension, which had overturned the Republick
Burke. An Abriilgement of English History.
He holds an estate under certain cities in your government, of
which he is desirous to procure the enfranchisement ; and I To make or turn into forest; to invest with the ex
am persuaded he may easily obtain his point by the intervenclusive privileges of forest.
tion of your good offices.
Melmolh. Marcus Cælius to Cicero, Letler 24
ENFRE'ED, 2 En, and free, q. v. To give or
Par. His purpose meets you; it was to bring this Greek
To Calchas' house; and there to render him,
For the enfreed Anthenor, the fair Cressid.
Shakspeare. Troilus and Cressida, fol. 94.
ARM. By my sweete soule I meane, setting thee at libertie,
Id. Love's Labour Lost.
ENFROZEN, en, and freeze, q. v. A. S. frys-an,
gelare, to congeal.
Met. to chill; to render insensible.
Yet to augment the anguish of my smart,
Thou hast enfrozened her disdainfull brest,
That no one drop of pittie there doth rest.
Spenser. An Hymn in Honour of Lore.
and also DISFRANCHISE, ante. ENGA'Gement. Š It. ingaggiare. Gage, Tooke de-
To endow with the liberties rives from the A. S. cægg-ian, obserare, and explains, and privileges of a free citizen; to free, to set at lib. “ that by which a man is bound to certain fulfilments.". erty ; to admit to freedom, to endenizen.
ii. 375. To engage, is VOL. XXI.
To bind or pledge, sc. to certain fulfilments; to fulfil ebullitio ; and Henshaw, garbouille, grand bouille. A ENGAR
BOIL or perform certain promises or conditions ; to stake, to great bubbling or confusion. hazard; to undertake to do, to embark in, to occupy To confuse or confound, to throw into disorder, to
EN. or employ, to be busy in, to be (busily, earnestly, zea- disturb.
GENDER lously) occupied or employed, (sc. in a conflict, a
It is strange, that for wishing, advising, and in his owne parbattle;) to bind, attach, enlist.
ticular using and ensuing that moderation, thereby not to en
garboile the church, and disturb the course of piety, he should The queen perceiving in what case she stood, To loose her minion, or engage her state ;
so, hy you and yours, bee blamed, accused, and traduced for a After with long contention in her blood,
papist and an Arminian.
Mountague. Appeale to Cæsar, ch. ix.
ENGARRISON, en, and garrison, q. v.
nison, from garnir ; to garnish, perhaps from A. S. geOr consume,
arwian, to make ready, to prepare.
To prepare, provide or furnish, sc. with military
stores, with ammunition, with arms, with soldiery; to We have made you stand engaged for.
fortify, to intrench. Massinger. The Unnatural Combat.
There was John engarrison'd, and provided for the assault Portia go in awhile,
with a trusty sword, and other implements of war.
Glanville. Witchcraft, p. 127.
The Romanes, the centurion and his band, were there as ac-
tors, as supervisors of the execution ; those strangers were no And here again, in the opinion of many judicious persons, we
otherwise ingaged, than as they that would hold faire correslost, as at Edge-hill before, a favourable opportunity of engag
pondence with the citizens, where they were engarrisoned.
Bishop Hall. Cont. The Crucifixion.
Every man has corrupt sinful habits that have overspread,
South. Sermons, vol. vii. p. 51.
In this case we encounter sin in the body, like a besieged
enemy : and such an one, when he has engarrison'd himself in
a strong hold, will endure a storm, and repel assaults.
Id. Ib. vol. ix. p. 133.
ENGE'NDER,2 En, and gender, q. v.
Enge'NDRURE. Šdre, from the ablative from
genere, deceitfulness of sin.
gignere, q. v. yév-elv, to beget.
breed; cause, make, procure, begin.” Cotgrave.
Seth Adames sone. sitthen was engendreile.
Piers Plouhman. Vision, p. 179.
For al so siker as cold engendrelh hayl,
A likerous mouth most han a likerous tayl.
Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 6047.
This every lewed vicar and parson
Can say, how ire engenulreth homicide ;
Ire is in soth executour of pride.
The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7591.
Thou woldest han ben a trede-foul aright,
Haddest thou as grete leve, as thou hast might,
To parfourme all thy lust in engendrure,
Thou haddest begeten many a creature.
Id. The Monkes Prologue, v. 13952.
Right so maie no pitee areste
Of crueltee the great vltrage,
Whiche the tyranne in his corage
Enyenılreil hath. says Minshew, transferred to a prison. From the Lat.
Gover. Conf. Am. book vii. fol. 162.
When straight another new conspiracy
(As if it were a certain successor,
Ally'd to this) engender'd in the north,
Is by the Archbishop Scroope with pow'r brought forth.
Daniel. History of the Civil Wars, book iv.
Du. Sen. True it is that we have seen better dayes,
And haue with holy bell bin knowld to church,
And sat at good men's feasts, and wip'd our eyes
Of drops, that sacred pity had engendred.
Shakspeare. As You Like it, fol. 191.
Mercy should pardon, but the sword compel
Compassion's else a Kingdom's greatest harm,
Iis warmth engenders rebels till they swarm.
Otway. Windsor Castle.