Obrázky na stránke



ENER. As eloquent as they (some of the Fathers) naturally were, yet they

But yet I feel no weakness, nor hath length

ENERTE Grze. never appear so eloquent, never put on such a variety of thought and

Of winters quite enervated my strength. expression, such an elevation of soul and style, as when they are

Denham. of Old Age, part ii. ENERVE, discoursing of the energy and power of church music.

For great empires, while they stand, do eneruate and destroy the Atterbury. Sermon 9. vol. iv.

forces of the natives which they have subdued, resting upon their Arise, as in that elder time,

owne protecting forces.
Warm, energick, chaste, sublime !

Bacon. Essay 58. Of issitude of Things.
Collins. The Passions.

For when they be praised exceedingly they waxe carelesse, disFor I trust it is less the purpose of our present meeting to feast solute and enervute; neither will they be willing afterwards to take the ravished ear with the enchanting sounds of holy harmony (which

more par.es.

Holland. Plutarch, fol. 9.
afford indeed the purest of the pleasures of the senses) than to taste So that this colour of meliority and preheminence is a signe of
those nobler ecstasies of energizing love of which tlesi and blood, enervation and weaknesse.
the animal part of us, can no inore partake than it can inherit Bacon. d Table of the Colours of Good and Evill, sig. A a.
Horsley. Sermon 25. vol. iii.

They thought their whole party safe ensconced behind the sheriffs
The great energies of nature are known to us only by their effects. of London and Middlesex, with their partisans of ignoramus; and
The substances which pro-luce them, are as much concealed from our that the law was enervous as to them.
senses as the divine essence itself.

State Trials. Trial of Stephen Colledge, 1681. North's Eramo.
Paley. Natural Theology, ch. xxii.

But all in vain she throws her darts,
All verbs, that are strictly so called, denote energies. Now as all

They hit, but cannot hurt our hearts:
energies are attributes, they have reference of course to certain

Age has enerv'd her charms so much,
energizing substances,
Harris. Hermes, book i. ch. ix.

That fearless all her eyes approach.

Dorset. The Antiquated Coquel.
Farther, every energy doth not only require an energizer, hut is
necessarily conversant about some subject.

Id. 1.

Then all the Muses in one ruin lie,

And rhyme began t enervate poetry.
Martha, we know, was so overwhelmed with family cares and em-

Dryden. Epistle 14. 1o Sir Godfrey Kneller.
barrassinents, so immoderately anxious to provide an entertainment
worthy of her illustrious guest, so cumbered, as our version very

The Muse, which should instruct, now entertains,
energetically expresses it, with much serving, that, like many

On trifling subjects, in enervate strains. others engaged in the bustle of active life, she conceived the business

Somervile. To Allan Ramsay.
she was employed in to be the most important of all human concerns.

Hail, noble Albion ; where no golden mines,
Porteus. Sermon 17. vol. ii.

No soft perfumes, nor oils, nor myrtle bowers,
ENERGUMENS, Gr. évepyoúpeyot, the possessed,

The vigorous frame and lofty heart of man

Dyer. The Fleece, book i.
sc. in a restricted sense by an evil Spirit, called also, in
the Primitive Church, δαιμονιζόμενοι, κατεχόμενοι, χει-

In a word, we ought to act in party with all the moderation which

does not absolutely enervate that vigour, and quench that fervency of pasóueyou, or klvourviçoue you. These were committed spirit, without which the best wishes for the publick good must eva. to the especial care of Exorcists, who were instructed to porate in empty speculation. pray for them, to employ them in innocent business,

Burke. On a late State of the Nation.
as sweeping the church, and similar occupations, (Conc.

Cold-blooded critics, by enervate sires
Carthag. iv. 91,) "to prevent more violent agitations of

Scarce hammer'd out, when Nature's feeble fires
Glimmer'd their last.

Churchill. The Rosciad.
Satan, lestidl eness should tempt the Tempter,” (Bing-
ham, Orig. Eccl. iii. 4,7;) and also to provide their

ENFAME, i. e. Infamy, q. v.
food while they were in the Church, which was their

Ye forsooth (qu. I) and that so comenly the people woll lie and chief residence. An especial form of prayer for them bring aboute suche enfame. was assigned in the public service, and will be found

Charcer. The Testament of Loue, fol. 290. in Bingham, (xiv. 5, 7,) from the Apostolical Canons, Some men there been that their own enfame can none otherwise (viii. 6 ;) during service they occupied the lower part void, or els excuse, but be hindering of other men's fame.

Id. 16. fol. 292.
of the Church, (Bingham, viii. 4, 3.) The Council of
Eliberis (37) permitted them to be baptized in cases

ENFAMINED, i. e. famished, q. v. Hungry.
of extremity, and under visible appearances of Death.

l'nneth is Demophon to lond ywonne The first Council of Orange extended this permission

Weake and eke wery, and his folke forpined as necessity required, or opportunity allowed, (Id. xi.

Of werinesse, and also enfamined.
5, 3.) So during intermission they might receive the

Chaucer. Of Phillis, fol. 209.
Eucharist, (Id. xv. 4, 16, from Timoth. Resp. Can. 3,

ENFAMOUSED, i.e. rendered famous, q. v.
apud Bevereg. ii.) The Council of Orange (16) en-

The midland sea so swiftly was she scouring, joined also that they should not be ordained; and that

The Adriatic Gulfe brave ships devouring,

To Padus' silver streame then glides she on if any of them had been so admitted into the Priest

(Enfamoused by rekeles' Phaeton.) hood, they should be immediately deposed. (Id. xvii.

Browne. Pastorals, book ii. song 1.
5, 3.)

ENFAUNCE, i. e. Infancy, q. v.
ENE'RVE, Fr. enerver; Sp. enervar ; It.

The which Deuil in her enfaunce
and Lat. enervare, q. d. eximere

Had lerned of louer's art.
Enervate, adj. nervos. Gr. éxyevpis-erv, is from

Chaucer. The Romant of the Rose, fol. 136.
ENERVATION. i ek, and veồpov, nervus: a string,
ENE'Rvous. j that which stringeth or strength-

ENFECT, i. e. Infect, q. v.

For all the werld they stinken as a gote;

Hir gavour is so raminish and so hote,
To take away, to deprive of, nerve ;

“ to bereave of

That though a man a mile from hem be force, of pith, of vigour; to weaken, to debilitate, to

The savour wol enfect him, trusteth me.

Chaucer. The Charones Yemannes Tale, v. 16357.
Such object hath the power to soft'n and tame

There was a chanon of religioun
Severest temper, smooth the rugged'st brow,

Amonges us, wold enfect all a toun,
Enerve, and with voluptucus hope dissolve.

Though it as gret were as was Ninive.
Milton. Parallise Regainel, book ii. 1. 165.

Id. B. v. 16416.

[ocr errors]



EN ENFE'EBLE, 2 Fr. foible, fible; Sp. feble; It.

Yet nathmoe
ENFE'EBLER. fiebole, fievole, debilis, languidus,

Was he abashed now, not fighting so;

But, mo enfierced through his currish play, EN. q. d. Alebilis, as we say (Skinner adds) lamentable, and

Hym sternely gryp't, and haling to and fro, FIERCE. pitiful, weak. See also Menage, Le Origini della Lin

To ouerthrowe him strongly did assay. gua Italiana, in v. Fiebole ; and in Du Cange, flebilis,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii. can. 4.
and flebilitas, which were used in Low Latin as equiva- ENFILADE, en, and file. Lat. filum; Fr. filer,
lent to debilis and debilitas.

to draw out threads; to extend in length.
To weaken, to debilitate, to enervate, to deprive of To enfilade, (a Military term,) is to proceed in a
strength; to reduce to infirmity or imbecility.

straight line, to pierce or penetrate straight forwards;
They say that they spende vpon noughty beggers the good that was and, further, to sweep the whole length of a straight
wonte to keepe good yomen, and that thereby they both enfeable & line with artillery..
also dishonour the realme.

In the course of a century, nature has obliterated the forms of art,
Sir Thos. More. Workes, fol. 892. The Apology, ch. xxvii. the trees have swelled ont beyond the line traced for them, and de
Onely I fear my wits enfeebled late

stroyed the enfilade, by advancing into the walks, or retiring from
Through the sharp sorrows which thou hast me bred,


Swinburne. Spain, p. 347.
Should faint and words should fail me to relate

ENFILE, A. S. feol-an, limare; Ger. feelen ; which
The wondrous triumphs of thy great God-hed

Junius thinks may be from the Gr. palos, bright, and
Spenser. Hymn l. In Honour of Love.

Wachter from the Lat. pol-ire.
My people are with sicknesse much enfeebled.

To smoothen, to polish, sc. with a file, q. v.
Shakspeare. Henry V. fol. 80.

Thei taughten hym a lace to braied,
Their tongue, enfeebled, is refin'd too much ;

And weue a purs, and to enfile
And, like pure gold, it bends at every touch.

A perle.
Dryden. Epistle 12. To Mr. Motteaux.

Gower. Conf. Am, book vü. fol. 168.
Bane of every manly art,

And verily, the common people of India make holes through them,
Sweet enfeebler of the heart !

and so wear them enfiled as carkans and collars about their neckes
0, too pleasing in thy strain,


Holland. Plinie, vol. ii. fol. 615.
Hence, to southern climes again.

ENFIRE, en, and fire, q. v. A. S. fyr; Ger. feur;
Philips. Odes to Signora Cuzzino.

D. vier. Omnia volunt, says Skinner, from the
Abject fear, which views some tremendous evil impending, from Gr. Tüp.
which it cannot possibly escape, as it depresses the spirits, so it To warm, to heat, to inflame, to enkindle.
enfeebles the corporeal frame; and it renders the victim an easy prey
to the evil he dreads.

Whom so sore your pleasant looke enfireth
Cogan. Beneficial agency of the Passions, &c. ch. i. sect. 2. part i.

That printed is your beauty in his hari.

Chaucer. Certaine Balades, fol. 342.
ENFELONED, see Felon. “Fr. enfelonni; be- So hard those heauenly beauties be enfired,
come fierce, waxt curst, grown cruel.” Cotgrave.

As things diuine, least passions doe impresse,

The more of stedfast minds to be adniired,
With that, like one enfelon'd or distraught,

The more they stayed be on stedfastnesse.
She forth did rome, whither her rage her bore

Spenser. An Hymn in Honour of Loue.
With frantick passion, and with sury frought;

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book v. can. 9. ENFLAME, commonly written Inflame, q. v. En,
ENFE/OFF, To give or grant, yield, surren-

and flame; It. fiamma; Sp. llama; Lat flamma;
ENFE'OPPMENT. der, or give possession of, sc. a

Gr. Olerypa, Olép-elv, ardere, urere, to burn. feud, fief, or fee; which last appeliation (says Black

To warm, to enkindle, to fill with warmth, with ardor,
stone) signifies in the northern languages, à conditional with any warm, animating feeling or passion, or affec-

stipend or reward. Blackstone is probably right as to
the legal application, but not as to the meaning of the

The tunge is ordeyned in oure membris which defoulith al the
word. See Fee. Fee is the old Fr. fe; Lat. fides ; and

bodie, and it is enflawmed of helle, and enflawmeth the wheel of oure

Wiclif. James, ch. iii.
a fee, any thing granted by one, and held by another,

Exceeding rage enflam'd the furious beast, upon oath or promise of fealty or fidelity. Enfeoffment

To be avenged of so great despight; is a common legal term.

For, neuer felt his impearceable brest

So wondrous force from hand of liuing wight.
Grew a companion to the common streets

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book i. can. 11.
Enfeoff'd himselfe to popularitie.
Shakspeare. Henry VI. First Part, fol. 63.

I then express'd my zeale

Unto the glory; now, the need enflames me.
Imputation doth both; it is that which enfcoffes our sinnes upon

Ben Jonson. Catiline, act i.
Christ, and us in his righteousnesse, as he was made our sinne.
Hall. Works, part ii. vol. ii. fol. 10. The Old Religion, sec. 2.

The gen'rous youth,

My lov'd compeers, hente with redoubled toil
He that so gives or enfeoffs, is called the feoffor; and the person

Shall strive to merit such auspicious smiles ;
enfeoffed is denominated the feoffee,

And through life's various walks, in arts or arms,
Blackstone. Commentaries, book ii. ch. xx.

Or tuneful numbers, with their country's love
ENFETTER, en, and fetter, q. d. footer, feeter, as

And with true loyalty enflam'd, t adora
the Lat. ped-ica, from pes, pedis. Skinner.

This happy realm.

Dr. Warton. Spoken to the King by Lord Shaftesbury.
To bind or fasten the feet; to bind, fasten or enslave.

ENFOLD, commonly written Infold, 4. v. En, and
His soule is so enfetter'd to her loue,

fold, q. v. Goth. fald-an; A. S. feald-an; D. vorden;
That she may make, vnmake, do what she list,
Euen as her appetite shall play the God,

Gr. falten, plicare, complicare. And from plic are,
With his weak function.

Wachter is inclined to think the northern word is derived.
Shakspeare. Othello, fol. 321.

To lap or wrap over, to enwrap, to enclose, to en-
ENFIERCE, en, and fierce, q. v. and also EFFIERCE, circle.
ante. Lat. ferus.

Let them all being quite forgoe,
To render fierce, cruel, savage.

And make it playne,

} der

That God, who Jacob's rule upholds,
Bas. Portia, forgive me this enforced wrong,

Rules all, all-bearing earth enfolds.

And in the hearing of so many friends

Sir P. Silney. Psalm 69.
I swear to thee, euen by thine owDe faire eyes


Wherein I see myself
A wounded dragon vnder him did lie,
Whose hideous tail his left foot did enfold,

Shakspeare. Merchant of Venice, fol. 184.
And with a shaft was shot through either eye,

These shifts refuted, answer thy appellant
That no man forth might drawe, ne no man remedy.

Though by his blindness maim'd for high attempts,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book iii. can. 11.

Who now defies thee thrice to single fight;

As a petty enterprise of small enforce.
Noble Banquo,

Milton. Samson Agonistes, v. 1223.
Thou hast no lesse deseru’d, nor must be knowne
No less to have done so : let me enfold thee,

Ape. If thou didst put this soure cold habit on
And hold thee to my heart.

To castigale ihy pride, 'twere well : but thou
Shakspeare. Macbeth, fol. 133.

Dost it enforcedly: thou’dst Courtier be againe

Wert thou not beggar.
Shep. Are you a Courtier, and 't like you, sir?

Shakspeare. Timon of Athens, fol. 92.
Ant. Whether it like me, or no, I am a Courtier. Seest thou

With my soveraignes leave
not the ayre of the Court in these enfoldings.
II., Winter's Tale, fol. 297.

I'll wed thee to this man, will be, nill he.

Phil. Pardon me, sir, I'll be po love enforcer :
The holy Jesus made a whip of cords to represent and to

I use no power of mine unto those ends.
chastise the implications and enfoldings of synne and the cords of

Beaumont and Fletcher. The Maid of the Mill.

More than I haue said, louing countrymen,
J. Taylor. The Great Exemplar, part ii. sec. 3. fol. 235.

The leisure and inforcement of the time

Forbids to dwell upon.
Around this world a waxen vault extends,
And wide like yon enfolding concave bends ;

Shakspeare. Richard III. fol. 208
Magnific cupola ; on either hand,

If good and evil, right and wrong, fitness and unfitness of
Unfolelel, two mysterious-portals stand,

being practised, be (as has been shown) originally, eternally Emblems of human life,

and necessarily, in the nature of things themselves; 'tis Brookes. Universal Beauty, book vi. I. 230. plain that the view of particular rewards or punishments,

which is only an after-consideration, and does not at all alter
ENFORCE, v. En, and force, q. v. Fr. forcer ; the course of things, cannot be the original cause of the obliga-
ENFORCE, n. It. forzare; Sp. forzar, from the tion of the law, but is only an additional weight to enforce the
ENFORCEDLY, Lat. fortis, strong, q. d. (says practice of what men were before obliged to by right reason.

Clarke. On the Attributes, p. 220.
Skinner,) fortiare.

"Fr. enforcer : to enforce, con- Our gospel-scribe or preacher, in the entertainment of his firm, strengthen, add power, apply force, give strength

spiritual guests, is not always to set before them, only the main

substantials of religion, whether for belief, or practice, but as unto.” Cotgrave.

the matter shall require, to add also illustration to the one, and
To do, or try, or attempt to do, with force or strength; enforcement to the other, sometimes persuading, sometimes terri-
with violence; to compell; to give force or strength to, fying.
to give energy, power, weight or authority.

South. Sermons, vol. ir. p. 11.
He also enforside to defoule the temple, whom also we tooken

Here by a set of men 'tis thought,
and wolden deme after our lawe.

A scheme, by politicians wrought,
Wiclif. The Dedes of the Apostlis, ch. xxiv.

To strengthen and enforce the law,

And keep the vulgar more in awe.
And whapne the schip was rauyschid and myghte not enforse

Dodsley. Religion, a Simile.
aghens the wynd, whanne the schip was ghouun to the blowingis
of the wynd we weren borun with cours into an yle that is

Were my friend
clepid Canda.

Id. Ib. ch. xxvii.

Less than he is, among the satraps least,
And yet, with sorwe, thou enforcest thee,

At my enforcement shall the king unite

Their nuptial hands.
And sayest thise wordes in the apostle's name.

Glorer The Athenaid, book xr.
Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 5922.
For Salomon saith, Ther as thou ne mayst have non audi-

ENFORM, i. e. to form, frame, or fashion. Fr. ence, enforce thee not to speke.

enformer. Id. The Tale of Melibeus, vol. ii. p. 78.

po messengers camen, pe conseil þat he ches
So haue 1 enforsed myselfe to preache the gospell, not where

Bifor R. alle samen, and enformed his pos.
Christe was named, lest I shoulde haue bylte on another man's

R. Brunne, p. 163
Bible, (1551.) Romanes, ch. sv.

pider to Saynt Edmour com pe tresorere,

Walter of Langtoup, þat had been messengere
And so muche the rather, that they offer themselues to stand With pe cardinalle forto enforme pe pes.
to iudgemente, by whyche thair doinge, we may not reasonably

Il. p. 285.
go agaynste them, as outragious & enforcers.
Nicolls. Thucydides, fol. 32.

He knew the diverse went of mortall waies,

And in the mindes of men had great insight ;
Suche a newe herte and lusty corage vnto the lawe warde,

Which, with sage counsell, when they went astray,
canste thou never come by of thyne owne strength and enforce-

He could enforme, and them reduce aright,
ment, but by the operacion and workinge of the spirite.
Ulall. Prologue to the Romaynes.

And al the passions heale, which woud the weaker spright.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book vi. can. 6. sec. 3.
Feare gave her winges, and rage enforsl my flight ;
Through woods and plaines so long I did her chace,


Now commonly written Inform, Till this mad man, whom your victorious might

ENFORMATION. q. v. En, and form, q. v. Fr. Hath now fast bound, me met in middle space.

en former; It. informare; Sp. informar; Low Lat. Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii. can. 4.

informare; a word indeed (says Skinner) entirely un-
-Let them assemble ;

known to classic authors, yet truly elegant.
And, on a safer judgment, all reuoke
Your ignorant élection : enforce his pride,

To represent to, and impress upon the mind or
And his old hate vnto you.

intellect of another, the form or idea of any thing. Shakspeare. Coriolanus, fol. 13. To give or convey ideas; to convey or communicate

ENFORM. knowledge; to instruct with knowledge or intelligence,

An olde man late enfranchised,


CHISE. to teach; to fill with ideas or sensations; to inspire

in dawnynge of the day, ENFRAN

With hāds fair washe wold walk the stretes CHISE. with, to animate.

and most devoutlye praye.

But therfore I baue getun merci, that Crist Jesu schuld eschewe

Drant. Horace. Satire 3. sig. P. vol. ii.
in me first al pacience to the enformyng of hem that schulen
bileeue to him into euerlastynge lyf.

But when he saw his love, his youth's fair foe,
Wiclif. 1 Timothy, ch. i.

He held such petty bondage in disdain ;

Throwing the base thong from his bending crest,
For, as sayth the philosophere, a man is a quick thing, by
nature debonaire, and treatable to goodnesse : but whan de-

Enfranchising his mouth, his back, his breast.

Shakspeare. Venus and Adonis.
bonairtee is enformed of grace then it is the more worth.
Chaucer. The Persones Tale, vol. ii. p. 340.

Alas! and must it be
When that his doughter twelve yere was of age,

That love, which thus torments and troubles me
He to the court of Rome, in subtile wise

In settling it, so small advice hath lent
Enformed of his will, sent his message.

To make me captive, where enfranchisement

Cannot be gotten.
Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8614.

Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, book i. ;
Enformeil whan the king was of the knight,
And hath conceived in his wit aright

Such illustrious and noble geniuses were Cosmo di Medices,
The maner and the forme of all this thing,

Frances the First, Carlo Borromeo, and others, who built or
Full glad and blith, this noble doughty king

appointed for them stately apartments even in their own palaces,
Repaireth to his revel, as beforne.

and under the same roofe; procuring models, and endowing them
Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10649. with charters, enfranchisements, and ample honoraries.
For thou wer wont to hurtelen and dispisen her with many

Evelyn. Miscellaneous Writings, p. 317.
words, whū she was blandishing and present, and pursudest her Now as concerning the multitude, so augmented by the en-
with sentences that were drawen out of mine entre, that is to say, franchising of slaves: as touching the land also, parted and
of mine enformation.

distributed among the poor and needie, I can maintaine and Id. The second Booke of Boecius, fol. 215. justify my doings herein, and protect me under the defence and And to the kynge knelende he tolde,

priviledge of the very time.
As he enformed was to fore.

Holland. Livius, fol. 870.
Gower. Conf. Am. book i. fol. 26.

Within the silent shades of soft repose,
And for thyn enformacion,

Where Fancy's boundless stream for ever flows;
That thou this vice (as I the rede)

Where the enfranchis'd soul at ease can play
Eschewe shalte a tale I rede.

Tir'd with the toilsome business of the day.
Id. Ib. book i. fol. 21.

Duke of Buckinghamshire. The Fision.
He made him lord of his house, and ruler of all his sub- O Freedom ! first delight of human kind!

Not that which bondmen from their masters find,
That he myght enfourme hys prynces after his wyll, and The privilege of doles : nor yet t' inscribe
- teach his senatours wysedome.

Their names in this or t’ other Roman tribe ;
Bible, Anno 1551. Psalm 105.

Chat false enfranchisement with ease is found :
Unkinde fate-

Slaves are made Citizens, by turning round.
To play the tyrant and subvert the state

Dryden. Persius. Satire 3.
Of setled goodnesse! Who shall henceforth stand

The Provincials flocked in ; even slaves were no sooner en-
A pure example to enforme the land

franchised than they were advanced to the highest posts; and
Of her loose riot?

the plan of comprehension, which had overturned the Republick
Habinglon. On the Death of the Earle of s. strengthened the Monarchy.
ENFORRESTED, en, and forrest, q. v. See also

Burke. An Abriilgement of English History.
DisaFFOREST, ante.

He holds an estate under certain cities in your government, of

which he is desirous to procure the enfranchisement ; and I To make or turn into forest; to invest with the ex

am persuaded he may easily obtain his point by the intervenclusive privileges of forest.

tion of your good offices.
Let me add, that Henry the VIIIth enforrested the grounds

Melmolh. Marcus Cælius to Cicero, Letler 24
thereabouts, (the last of that kind. in England,) though they
never attained the full reputation of a forrest in common dis-

ENFRE'ED, 2 En, and free, q. v. To give or
Fuller. Worthies. Middlesex. ENFREE'DOMIng. 5 bestow freedom or liberty; to set

ENFORT, en, and fort, q. v.
To surround or guard with a fort or fortress.

Par. His purpose meets you; it was to bring this Greek

To Calchas' house; and there to render him,
As Salem braveth with her hilly bullwarks,

For the enfreed Anthenor, the fair Cressid.
Roundly enforted ; soe the greate Jehova

Shakspeare. Troilus and Cressida, fol. 94.
Closeth his servantes, as a hilly bullwark
Ever abiding,

ARM. By my sweete soule I meane, setting thee at libertie,
Sir P. Sidney. Psalm 125.
enfreedoming thy person.

Id. Love's Labour Lost.
ENFOULDRED, “Fr. fouldroyer ; to cast or dart
thunderbolts; to strike, burn, or blast with lightning

ENFROZEN, en, and freeze, q. v. A. S. frys-an,
or (inlightened thunderbolts.)” Cotgrave.

gelare, to congeal.

Met. to chill; to render insensible.
Hart cannot thinke, what outrage, and what cries,
With foul enfouldred smoke and flashing fire,

Yet to augment the anguish of my smart,
The hell-bred beast threw forth unto the skies,

Thou hast enfrozened her disdainfull brest,
That all was couered with darkness dire.

That no one drop of pittie there doth rest.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book i. can. 11.

Spenser. An Hymn in Honour of Lore.
ENFRANCHISE, En, and franchise, q. v. ENGA'GE, 2 En, and gage, q. v. Fr. engager ;

and also DISFRANCHISE, ante. ENGA'Gement. Š It. ingaggiare. Gage, Tooke de-

To endow with the liberties rives from the A. S. cægg-ian, obserare, and explains, and privileges of a free citizen; to free, to set at lib. “ that by which a man is bound to certain fulfilments.". erty ; to admit to freedom, to endenizen.

ii. 375. To engage, is VOL. XXI.





Fr. gar

Fr. gen.

To bind or pledge, sc. to certain fulfilments; to fulfil ebullitio ; and Henshaw, garbouille, grand bouille. A ENGAR

BOIL or perform certain promises or conditions ; to stake, to great bubbling or confusion. hazard; to undertake to do, to embark in, to occupy To confuse or confound, to throw into disorder, to

EN. or employ, to be busy in, to be (busily, earnestly, zea- disturb.

GENDER lously) occupied or employed, (sc. in a conflict, a

It is strange, that for wishing, advising, and in his owne parbattle;) to bind, attach, enlist.

ticular using and ensuing that moderation, thereby not to en

garboile the church, and disturb the course of piety, he should The queen perceiving in what case she stood, To loose her minion, or engage her state ;

so, hy you and yours, bee blamed, accused, and traduced for a After with long contention in her blood,

papist and an Arminian.
(Love and ambition did the cause debate)

Mountague. Appeale to Cæsar, ch. ix.
She yields to pride.

ENGARRISON, en, and garrison, q. v.
Daniel. History of the Civil Wars, book v.

nison, from garnir ; to garnish, perhaps from A. S. geOr consume,

arwian, to make ready, to prepare.
In prodigal and wanton gifts on drones,

To prepare, provide or furnish, sc. with military
The Kingdom's treasure, yet detain from us
The debt that with the hazard of our lives,

stores, with ammunition, with arms, with soldiery; to We have made you stand engaged for.

fortify, to intrench. Massinger. The Unnatural Combat.

There was John engarrison'd, and provided for the assault Portia go in awhile,

with a trusty sword, and other implements of war.
And by and by thy bosome shall partake

Glanville. Witchcraft, p. 127.
The secrets of my heart,
All my engagements I will construe to thee.

The Romanes, the centurion and his band, were there as ac-
Shakspeare. Julius Cæsar, fol. 116.

tors, as supervisors of the execution ; those strangers were no And here again, in the opinion of many judicious persons, we

otherwise ingaged, than as they that would hold faire correslost, as at Edge-hill before, a favourable opportunity of engag

pondence with the citizens, where they were engarrisoned.

Bishop Hall. Cont. The Crucifixion.
ing the enemy with great advantage ; our numbers exceeding
theirs, and their reputation being uiterly lost in the last attempt

Every man has corrupt sinful habits that have overspread,
Lu'llow. Memoirs, vol. i. p. 47. and, as it were, engarrisoned themselves in the most inward
The king objected, that the rendezvous being appointed for parts of his soul ; habits deeply fixt and not easily dispossessed.

South. Sermons, vol. vii. p. 51.
the next week, he was not willing to quit the army till that was
passed ; because if the superior officers prevailed, they would be

In this case we encounter sin in the body, like a besieged
able to make good their engagement ; if not, they must apply
themselves to him for their own security,

enemy : and such an one, when he has engarrison'd himself in

a strong hold, will endure a storm, and repel assaults.
Id. Ib. p. 186.

Id. Ib. vol. ix. p. 133.
So that we see, how powerfull soever the motives to vertue

ENGE'NDER,2 En, and gender, q. v.
are; how great soever the engagements against sin; yet the
apostle thought it needfull to.give them warning against the

Enge'NDRURE. Šdre, from the ablative from

genere, deceitfulness of sin.

gignere, q. v. yév-elv, to beget.
Stilling fleet. Sermon 3. vol. ii “ Fr. engender; to ingender, to procreate, beget,
Important is the moral we would teach ;

breed; cause, make, procure, begin.” Cotgrave.
Oh may this island practice what we preach!
Vice in its first approach with care to shun;

Seth Adames sone. sitthen was engendreile.
The wretch, who once engages, is undone.

Piers Plouhman. Vision, p. 179.
Mallet. Prologue to Mr. Thomson's Agamemnon.

For al so siker as cold engendrelh hayl,
The battle proved decisive in favour of the house of York,

A likerous mouth most han a likerous tayl.
and in consequence of it, Edward was, in June, 1461, crowned

Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 6047.
King of England, &c. There were killed in this engagement

This every lewed vicar and parson
36,776 men.

Can say, how ire engenulreth homicide ;
Fawkes. Braham Park, note 8.

Ire is in soth executour of pride.

ENGALLANT, en, and gallant, q. v. Fr. galant ;

The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7591.
Sp. galano ; It. galante.

Thou woldest han ben a trede-foul aright,
To make a gallant, a fine fellow.

Haddest thou as grete leve, as thou hast might,

To parfourme all thy lust in engendrure,
I would have you direct all your courtship thither ; if you

Thou haddest begeten many a creature.
could but endeare yourself to her affection you were eternally

Id. The Monkes Prologue, v. 13952.
Ben Jonson. Cynthia's Revells, act iv. sc. 3.

Right so maie no pitee areste

Of crueltee the great vltrage,
ENGAOL, en, and gaol, q. v. 'also written Jail,

Whiche the tyranne in his corage
q.v. Fr. gaiole, geole, a cage, sc. for birds, and thence,

Enyenılreil hath. says Minshew, transferred to a prison. From the Lat.

Gover. Conf. Am. book vii. fol. 162.
caveola. Skinner.

When straight another new conspiracy
To imprison, to confine.

(As if it were a certain successor,

Ally'd to this) engender'd in the north,
Thinner than burnt aire flies this soule, and she,

Is by the Archbishop Scroope with pow'r brought forth.
Whom four new coming, and four parting suns

Daniel. History of the Civil Wars, book iv.
Had found, and left the mandrake's tenant, runs
Thoughtlesse of change, when her firm destiny

Du. Sen. True it is that we have seen better dayes,
Contin'd, and enjail'd her, that seem'd so free,

And haue with holy bell bin knowld to church,
Into a small blew shell.

And sat at good men's feasts, and wip'd our eyes
Donne. The Progress of the Soul, st. 18.

Of drops, that sacred pity had engendred.
Within my mouth you haue engaold my tongue.

Shakspeare. As You Like it, fol. 191.
Shakspeare Richard II. fol. 26.

Mercy should pardon, but the sword compel
ENGARBOIL, en, and garboil, q.v. Fr. garbouille ;

Compassion's else a Kingdom's greatest harm,

Iis warmth engenders rebels till they swarm.
It. garbuglio, q. granboglio, says Minshew, magna

Otway. Windsor Castle.

« PredošláPokračovať »