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the same fault, and added, that it was affect the tellership promised by well known that the duty of the deputy Majesty to Lord Thurlow, when :: tellers had been done for 400l. a year, accepted the great seal, in confiderate and as the tellers had the appointment of his quitting a very lucratire line : of their own deputies, to make their his profession on that occasion. : salaries 1000l. would be just giving the his noble friend had forborne to fecer tellers 6ool. a year, additional finecure. the grant in form was to him a la
Mr. Fox said that the purport of the unaccountable piece of negligenc. bill was not to reduce the salaries of but the promise had certainly bez these offices, but to put an end to a made so long ago as the year 1778. matter which was in itself extremely Lord North said it was true that whe odious, and had been much and very Lord Thurlow accepted the office c juftly complained of, viz. the existence Chancellor, he had been offered a tellesof offices, the holders of which re- ship of the Exchequer, and that the ceived an increase of emolument in offer had since been repeated, at different proportion as the expences of the coun- times; but why he had declined taking try increased, and grew rich from the it, he could not say. He thought the aggravation of the public burden. His committee might reasonably adopt the noble friend had barely put the tellers, provifo. in giving them 2,7001. above their Mr. Fox accounted for what had average peace amount. The deputy surprised the two former speakers. tellers held places of very great trust, When the first offer of a tellerihip w33 and none but persons of considerable made to the learned lord, two very character ought to be employed in young men were in possesiion, a third them. He, therefore, thought 1000l. in reversion, and the first teller, to all falary far from being too much. appearance, a good life; he mighe then The influence that the crown would have expected something better to come derive from the bill was of a nature the within his reach. Circumstances had least dangerous of any that could pof- since altered materially, one fibly exist. To put a man in such a possessors was dead, and another very situation, as that the crown could never infirm. Was it, therefore, to be won. be useful to him was unwise; but to dered at, that, as the object seemed put it out of the power of the crown more attainable, the learned lord should to be hurtful to a man might often be have changed his mind? There was necessary and useful; and this was done no ground for this exception in his effectually, by making him independent favour, for by the very words of for life. "It was impoflible for the go- the patent by which he held his present vernment of a great kingdom to go on, pention, the promise of a tellership was unless it had certain lucrative and ho- mentioned; subject, however, to fuch nourable situations to bestow, as the regulations as fiould hereafter be made by reward of eminent and diftinguifhed parliament. The application was foundservices. He did not mean, however, ed on no principle; it was merely subto push this argument so far as those, mitted to their confideration, whether who said that men of desperate for- they should go out of their way to do tunes, needy adventurers, and distreffed a favour to Lord Thurlow, and if they politicians, would be the only persons chose to adopt the proviso, on that who would accept the government of confideration, they undoubtedly had a such a kingdom. He thought men of right to do so. large property could afford to serve their Mr. W. Pitt, Mr. Arden, Lord Surcountry as cheap as those who were less rey, Mr Hussey, and the Solicitor affluent. The salaries were settled as General (Mr. Lee) encouraged Mr. originally proposed.
Rigby to move his clause. Mr. Rigby then said, that if it Mould mise was considered as a bargain be. feem to meet the general approbation treen the crown and the noble lord, of the cominittee, he would move a for which the royal word was pledged; proviso, that nothing in the bill should he ought, therefore, to stand on the
same footing with every other possessor ed it to have been a bargain, he had or grantee of a tellership, at the time an indisputable claim to the exemption; when the promise was made.-Mr. if they placed him on superior ground, Fox faid, since it was confessed that a and described it to have been an unsobargain had been made, he would licited and spontaneous promise on the give up his opposition, but hoped the part of his Majesty, then surely he House would hear no more of that must take it, in the words of his paboafted dignity of character which had tent, “ subject to such regulations as induced the learned lord to accept the parliament may hereafter adopt.” seals without any ftipulation. If he Thus was it debated, for near five rested on his disinterestedness, he ought hours, whether Lord Thurlow, on sucnot to set up a claim in proof that he ceeding to a tellerthip of the Exchehad shewn no such disinterestedness, quer, ihould hold it with the exorbibut had carefully and prudently attend- tant war fees, which the bill before ed to his interest, and taken care of the House was expressly meant to abohimself.
lith after the decease of the then preMr. Sheridan recommended to word sent tellers, or with the fixed salary of the proviso thus: “ Whereas a penfion 2700l. a year!- It was ingeniously arwas given to Edward Lord Thurlow, gued by Mr. Courtenay, that those because he nobly disdained to make any who introduced and supported the probargain for himself, when he accepted viso were zealous but injudicious of the great seal; and whereas it is fit friends, and seemed more anxious for that the tellership for which he agreed his emolument than his reputation. before he would take the seal,” &c. What idea would it convey to the pubThe clause was adopted for the pre- lic, that though by the proposed refent without a division. But
gulation the learned lord would re. July 7, Mr. Rigby having moved to ceive 200l. a year more than the avereject the old clause, and to introduce rage peace amount of a tellership, yet another more itrictly worded, the de- ftill he was unwilling to accept this bate was renewed with fresh vigour.- increased annual ftipend, because it Mr. Fox said he had consented to precluded him from the hopes of deadopt the proviso on Friday, because riving any advantage from the calahe understood it to be claimed as a mities of his country, in time of war. bargain, and not as a promise. Let A fee of 200l. the malignant part of the same be avowed now, and he the public would say, was insufficient would not oppose the motion. It had to tempt the learned lord to relinquish been boasted of as a great merit in the so invidious a contingency. learned lord, that he had accepted the Lord North having been frequently seals unconditionally, and his pension called uponi, declared that no bargain had been approved of expressly on that had been made for the tellership: it plea: but on Friday last his friends had had indeed been repeatedly offered, but declared, that he had bargained for a not accepted, nor ever totally rejecttellership as the price of the fituation ed. lie ridiculed arrogating the methat he quitted, when he took the rit of having made no bargain one day, seals. Both these things could not be and claiming the performance of one true, nor had the learned lord any on the next; it was what a French auright to claim all the merit of the one, thor called unir les plaisirs du vice, au and all the advantages of the other. merite de la viriu. He persisted, howHe was an enemy to all impofiors, and ever, in supporting the clause, whick therefore wanted to come at the fact. was lost on a division. If the friends of the learned lord avow
REF LECTION S. A Man by swearing may draw down
It was well faid, that good-nature, a curse upon himself, but never like the God of Nature, was not alway's one upon his neighbour,
extreme to mark what was done amin 5
A LETTER TO THE COURT OF DIRECTORS OF THE EAST.
INDIA COMPANY, FROM WARREN HASTINGS, ESQ. GOVERNOR-GENER
OF BENGAL, DATED FORT-WILLIAM, MARCH 20, 1783. To the Hcr. COURT of DIRECTORS - of the Hon. Umted E.AST-INDI
Fort-William, March 20, 17e; HONOURABLE SIRS, Nyour letter to the Governor Ge- gagements with the Company, in the
neral and Council, dated the 28th regular payment of his tribute of Sia of August, 1782, you have been pleased rupees 22,66,180. to enter into a large discussion of my “ That it appears to this court, tha proceedings at Benaris, and to apprize the conduct of the Governor-Genera The board of certain refolutions, com- towards the Rajah whilft he was z prehending your judgement upon them. Benaris was improper, and that the it. These refolutions, as the immediate prisonment of his person, thereby di cause and subject of my present address, gracing him in the eyes of his fubjes I thall, to avoid the perplexity of fre- and others, was unwarran table ai quent and remote reference, hereto highly impolitic, and may tend to Lubjoin:
weaken the confidence which the natirt * That it appears to this court, that, princes of India ought to have in the on the death of Sujak Dowlah, 1775, a justice and moderation of the Comtreaty was made with his fucceffor, by pany's government." which the Zemindary of Penaris, with I understand that these resolutions its dependencies, was ceded in
perpe- were either published, or intended for tuity to the Eaft-India Company. publication. As they have proceeded
sThat it appears to this court, that from an authority so respectable, every Rajah Cheyt Sing was confirmed by the reader of them will naturally, and withGovernor-General and Council of out hesitation, believe that the facts, on Bengal in the management of the faid which they necessarily and indispensable Zemindary (subject to the fovereignty depend, have been fully ettablished. of the Company) on his paying a certain And who are the readers? not the protribute, which was settled at Sicca prietors alone, whose intereft is imrupees 22,66,180; and that the Bengal mediately concerned in them, and whose governinent pledged ití lf, that the approbation I am impelled, by erery | free and uncontrolled poffeffion of the motive of pride and gratitude, to foZemindary of Benaris, and its de- licit; but the whole body of the pendencies, should be confirmed and people of England, whose paffions guaranteed to the Rajah and his heirs have been excited on for ever, subject to fuch tribute; and subject of the conduct of their fervants chat no other demand should be made in India; and before them I am arupon him, nor any kind of authority raigned and prejudged of a vioof jurisdiétion excrcised within the do- lation of the national faith in acts minions afligned him, so long as he of such complicated aggravation, that, adhered to the terms of his engage- if they were true, no punishment hort ments.
of death could atone for the injury “ That it appears to this court, that which the intereit and credit of the the Governor-General and Councildid, public had sustained in them. on the 5th of July, 1775, recommend I hope, therefore, I shall not be to Rajah Cheyt Sing to keep up a thought to give unnecessary trouble in body of 2cco horfe; but at the fame calling your attention to a subject nnt time declared there should be no obliga- wholly personal, nor to fail in the retion on him to do it.
spect, in which I have never yet failed, “ That it appears to this court, that to your honourable Court, in the mide Rajah Cheyt Sing performed his en- of my vindication, which will not ad
mit of the common delicacies of ex- that the strict performance of solemn
But this, and every other conclusion own knowledge, proved by the evi- from the facts adduced in proof of dence of your
own arguments, and to them will fall, if the facts themselves what your honourable Court potlefies have no existence, I do, therefore, molt of candoar for my first juitification and positively and folemnly deny their acquittal.
existence. The facts afirmed, or expresied in
I deny that the Bengal government terms equal to affirmation, in your re- pledged itself, that the free and uncon. solutions, are as follow:
trolled possession of the Zemindary of 1. That the Bengal government Benaris, and its dependencies, should be pledged itself, that the free and uncon- confirined and guaranteed to the Rajah trolled pofession of the Zemindary of and his heirs for ever. Benaris, and its dependencies, should
I deny that the Bengal government be confirmed and guaranteed to the pledged itself, that no other demand Rajah and his heirs for erer.
should be made upon him, nor any II. That it pledged itself that no
kind of authority or jurisdiction exer. other demand thould be made upon cised within the dominions assigned him, nor any kind of authority or ju- him, so long as he adhered to the risdiction exercised within his domi- terms of the
engagement, nions assigned him, so long as he ad- I deny that I ever required him to hered to the terms of his engagements. keep up a body of 2000 horse, contrary
III. That the Governor-General re- to the declaration made to him by the quired him to keep up a body of 2000 Governor-General and Council on the horse, contrary to the declaration made sth of July 1775, that there should to him by the Governor-General and be no obligation on him to do it. · Council on the 5th of July, 1775, My demand, that is, the demand that there should be no obligation on of the board, was not that he should him to do it.
maintain any specific number of horse; IV. That Rajah Cheyt Sing was but that the number which he did bound by no other engagements to the maintain thould be employed for the Company than for the payment of his defence of the general state. tribute of Sicca rupees 22,66,180.
I deny that Rajah Cheyt Sing was V. That Rajah Cheyt Sing was a bound by no other engagements to the native prince of India.
Company, than for the payment of his The judgment passed on my conduct, tribute of Sicca rupees 22,66,180. as deducible from these facts, is, that He was bound by the engagements it was “ improper, unwarrantable, and of fealty, and of absolute obedience to highly inpolitic, and inay tend to every order of the government which weaken the confidence which the native he served. The various and repeated princes of India ought to have in the profesions of his letters are proots and justice and moderation of the Com- acknowledgements of this conttruction pany's government." Here I must of his vaftalage; and his own cabuleear, crave leave to say, that the terins “im- or the initrument by which he engaged proper, unwarrantable, and highly im- to perform the duties of his Zemin politic," are much too gentle as de- dary, expresses it in the acknowledgeductions from such premitles; and, as ment of the Company's fovereignty. every reader of the letter will obvioudly I deny that Rajah Cheyt Sing was feel, as he reads the deductions which a native prince of India. inevitably belong to them, i will add, Cheyt Sing is the fon of a collector
Lexo. Mag. App. 1783.
of the revenue of that province, which antecedent and existing engagements, his arts, and the misfortunes of his and can only be construed such by the master, enabled him to convert to a express terms of those engagements. I permanent and hereditary possession. have been guilty of this crime in my This man, whom you have thus rank- treatment of Cheyt Sing, or of none; ed amongst the princes of India, will and I may be allowed to regret, that; be aftoniihed, when he hears it, at an while you stated such facts as implied elevation so unlooked for, nor less at it, you did not in ternis declare it. the independent right which your com- There is an appearance of tenderness in mands have alligned him; rights which this deviation from plain construction, are so foreign from his conceptions, of which, howerer meant, I bave a that I doubt whether he will know right to complain, because it imposes in what language to allert them, unless on me the necessity of framing the the example which you have thought terms of the accusation against myself, it confitent with justice, however op- which you have not only made, but posite to policy, to hew, of becoming have stated the leading argument to it his advocates against your own intereits, so strongly, that no one who reads Thould inspire any of your own ser- these can avoid making it, or not vants to be his advisers and instructors. know to have been intended,
I forbear to detail the proofs of these But, permit me to ask, may I not denials. In egal propriety I night, presume that this deviation arose from perhaps, claim a dispensation from it, fomething more than a tenderness for and require the charges to be proved, my character or feelings? that it was net' my self disprove them. But I have dictated by a consciousness that no such already disproved them in my narra- engagements exifted? For, if any such tire of my proceedings at Benaris, . did exist, why were they not produced which has been long lince in your in support of the charges? hands, and is, I hope, in the hands of Even the facts, which are affirmed the public. To that I think it fuffi- in the resolutions, are such as muit cient to refer, and to point out the depend upon soine evidence, for they ninthund following pages of the copy, cannot exit independently. If the which was printed in Calcutta, for a Bengal government “ pledged itself, complete explanation; and, I presume, its pledge must be contained in the writas complete a demontiration of the ten initruments which were expressly mutual relation of Rajah Cheyt Sing, formed, and declared to define the rethe vallai and subject of the Company, ciprocal relation and obligation of the and of the Company his forereign. Rajah and the Company.
The subject to which I now proceed, The resolutions of your honourable and on which I reít my fulleft acquit- Court, as they stand unconnected in tal, is too delicate to admit of my en- their original state, must be accepted tering upon it, without requesting as the conclusions from certain and your indulgence and pardon for what- established evidence; and this evidence, ever may appear ofensive in it, and I must presume, you meant to produce declaring that I should have submit- in the long process of detailed arguted in filene to the feverest expreslions ment which precedes them in your geof cenfure which you could pafs upon neral letter. This consists of pieced me, had they been no mcre than ex- extracts, from opinions delivered by preffions, and applied to real facts; me in the debates of the council, which but, where the cenfures are not applied not only preceded the settlement made to real facts, and are such as fubitan- with the Rajah Cheyt Sing, when his ially affect my moral character, I Zemindary became the property of the frould be myself an accomplice in the Conspany; but, strange as it will apBajery, if I fuffered the flighiteit iin- pear, which palled on an occasion wholly putacion to remain, which it was in foreign from it, and at a time when the my power whclly to efface.
Company had not obtained the cellion A breach of faith necessarily implies of the Zemindary. At the point of the