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Therfor parfite ben heuen and erthe and al the anowrn- APORETICAL, adj. Gr. Atopntikos, a, and
ing (L. V. ournement) of hem.-Id. Gen. ii. 1. ANCHO'VY. A small fish; why so called, see
Tropos, without a way or passage. Not easy to be Menage, Le Origini . Fr. Anchois ; It. Anchiove, crificare and adorare. To do honour to-by sacrifice, ANOWRE, or ONOWRE. So Wiclif renders sa- found.
That wise philosopher Socrates altogether shunned that acciuga; Sp. Anchova.
by adoration.-Ex. xxxiv. 14; Gen. xxiv. 26. dictating or dogmatical way of teaching used by the SophisMany fish are entirely without any bladder, that swim at
Wote thow not anowre an alien God. (L. V. Nyl thou
ters of that age, and chose rather an aporetical and obsteease in every depth; such as the anchovy and fresh-water
tricious method.-Cudworth. Morality, b. iv. c. 1, p. 137. worschipe.)-Er. xxxiv. 14. gudgeon.-Goldsmith. Animated Nature, pt. iv. b. i. c. 1. ANCIENT, experienced. We say–He is an old ANOYE. See ANNOY.
APOʻTHECARY. See the quotation from Stowe; hand—a young hand.
ANT. Wic. writes Ampte, Anpte. — Bible, 1549. and, for the etymology, see POTHECARY. Thoughe the Duke of Gloucester was the youngest bro- | Emmet, qv.
But afterwards the world grew to bee so full of deceit ther, yet he was the most auncyent in the busyness of the
and consenage, that some fine wits and nimble heads de
Go to the Anpte, 0! thou slowe, and behold the weies of realme.-Berners' Froissart, ii. 279.
vised to set up apothecarie shops, promising and bearing it, and lerne wisdom.- Wic. Prov. vi. 6.
us in hand that every man might buy his life and health ANCILLARY.
Amptis, a feble peeple, that greithen in rep time mete there for money.-Holland. Plinie, b. xxiv. c. 1. Goddis own ancille to them.-d. 16. XXX. 23.
When an Argosey came with Greeke and Spanish wines, Euen in this world. - Lyfe of our Ladye. W. Carton,
ANTECEDENT, in Grammar, the word or ex.
viz. Muscadele, Malmesey, Sacke and Bastard, the apo. a. 6, c. 1, and also c. 6, col. 1.
thecaries of London then went into these marchants, and AND, i. e. give, if ; And, with the force of Also, pression to which a subsequent word (the relative) euery man bought such rundlets, vessels, and quantities, refers.
of those rich wines, as they thought they should retayle in is frequent in Wiclif's Bible.
Antecedents is now (1850) in common use for the
the city, vnto such as vsually bought them for phisicke & So wole Crist of his curteisie,
for the communion table.-Stowe. Chronicle. And men crye hym mercy,
antecedent or precedent actions, conduct, principles, Bothe forgyve and foryete.-Piers Plouhman, v. 11849. history. See Trench. English Past and Present, APPAIR, v.
Lec. iv. ANEFELD, ANEFELT. So Wic. writes Anvil.
Now by the peril of my soule! quod Piers, See in v. Stithy.
The consequence is false, needs the antecedent mote been I shal apeire you alle. — Piers Plouhman, v. 4139. of the same condicion.-Chaucer. Testament of Love, b. ii.
The whiche (enuyous men) pronouncen me (Jerom) to ANELACE. L. Lat. Anelacius-Cultellus bre
be a falsere, or a distroyere, or apeirere of holi scripturis. ANTELOPE. A variety of the gazelle; an ani
Wic. Prol, St. James. vior, Sica, Hibernica. See Du Cange.
mal partaking of the nature of the goat and deer. Rather so farre are we from thabolishment or thappayr. An anelace, and a gipciere all of silk
The pardele swift, and the tigre cruell,
ing of the authoritie of the lawe, that we much more mainHeng at his girdel, white as morwe milk.
taine and establishe it.- Udall. Rom. c. iii. Chaucer C. T. Prol, v. 359.
The antelope, and wolf, both Aers and fell,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 6.
And thei reisiden Her eefen, and sawen, and loo! noys, ANENT.
Goldsmith. Animated Nature, b. ii. c. 3.
and grete appareyl (apparatus multus).
Wic. 1 Mac. ix. 39. Concerning and touching--are forced to supply the room of the forgotten word Anent.-C. Butler. Gram. p. 52. ANTHEM. Skinner supposes Aνθυμνος, from His housholde plenteously garnusshed of seruauntes and
avi, and juvos, a hymn. And Barrow, Are we all apparaylmentys in those dayes used. - Tullius de AmiANGEL-OCRACY. See Scott in v. Theocracy. (not) obliged to utter triumphant Anthymns of joy
citia. Würcestre, Erle of. The Declamacyon, d. 5. Aungeles that in helle now ben Hadden joye som tyme.-Piers Plouhman, v. 9156. and thankfulness ?— V. i. 8. 9, p. 118.
APPA'RENCE. 1 Apparent—Present or inANGER. ANTICIPATE, v.
APPA'RENT, adj.) stant to the senses; clearly What pengunce and pouerte
I have lived to behold the highest perversion
of that ex
sensible or perceptible; evident, obvious, manifest. And passion thei suffrede,
cellent invention (printing), the name of his Majesty de- In the Thanksgiving for peace and deliverance In hunger and in hete,
famed, the honour of Parliament depraved, the writings of from enemies, “ Great and apparent dangers” are In alle manere angres.
both depravedly, anticipatively, counterfeitly imprinted. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10158.
Brownē. Religio Medici. To the Reader. great and evident dangers. Corporall honger hath her proper anger; but the evan
Within his heart
In Paradise Lost, “ Apparent guilt” is “ evident gelike and spiritual honger hath a more sharpe, and biting
Unwonted feelings stirr'd, and the first pangs
guilt." In Shakespeare and the Bible,“ appatestinesse.Udall. Marke, c. xi. Of wakening guilt, anticipant of hell.
rently” is “manifestly." And see quotation from ANGLE.
Southey. The Rose, vi. 107.
Now rest thee, Reader, on thy bench and muse
Apparent is also-Seeming; as distinguished from that Arst cometh up.—Bible, 1549. Mat. xvii.
Cary. Dante. Purgatory, x. 21. real, existing. In the two first quotations from ANIENT, u. See ENEINT.
Chaucer, Apparence and Existence are very scholasAnd he schal schende thee in his metis, til he anyntische
Sole Positive of Night!
tically opposed. Heir apparent (see quotation from (E. V. neentishe; erininiat) thee twies or thries, and at the
Antipathist of Light!
Coke) is not heir existent; he becomes so after the laste he schal scorne thee. - Wic. Ecclus. xiii. 8.
Fate's only essence! primal scorpion rod
death of his ancestor; but he stands next—so closely Sothli if thei that ben of the lawe ben eyris, feyth is The one permitted opposite of God!
next, that none can come in nearer. (See quotaanentyschid (erinanita est) or distroyed, biheeste is don
Coleridge. Poctical Works, Ne plus ultra. awey.-Id. Rom. iv. 14. (E. V.)
tion from Blackstone. And see Parent.) And hence,
ANTIPERFECTIONISM. See the Quotation. in Winter's Tale, “Next to thyself, he is apparent ANIMOSITY.
I have read your Antiperfectionism both in folio and to my heart," is, he is closest in affection, dearest to His magnanimite,
quarto with the closest attention I could give it ... A genHis animosite (high spirit).
tleman who saw your work in Yorkshire, is of opinion that Skelton. D. of Albany, v. 448. your opponents do not contend for sinless perfection, as re
Everiche of hem would gode men seme; ANKLE. quired in Scripture.
But shalt thou never of Apparence And sweet it was to hear the voice of song,
Cowper. Works, v. 41. To the Rev. Mat. Powley.
conclude gode consequence,
In any argument iwis,
If eristens all failed is.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7469. Symphonious tinkled as they wheel'd around.
. ? Southey. Curse of Kehama, 14, $ 8.
Alas, what harme doth Apparence,
When it is false in Eristence.
Id. House of Fame, b. i. v. 265. Therfore shal zelle Moab to Moab, all shal felle to hem that gladen vp on the walles of anelid tyil(L. V. bakun til
Nor I, quod an Ape-ward,
Atte this same parlement therle of Marche was prostoon, cocti lateris).- WicIs. xvi. 7, also ll.
By aught that I han knowe.-Piers Plouhman, v. 3770. claymed heyre apparaute to the crowne after Kynge Ry
chard.–Polychronicon, An. 9, R. 2. cap. 6. Caxton, 1482. ANNOUNCE. APECHE. See APPEACH.
It is to be noted, that one cannot be heire, 'till after the The angelle said to theym, I anounce and shewe to you a APERIENT. See APERT.
death of his Auncestor. Before he is called Hæres appagrete joye.
rens-Heir apparent.-Coke, lib. i. c. i. s. 16 b.
How thou lou'st me, shew in our brother's welcome, ANNOY, s.
Next to thyselfe, and my young Rouer, he's
Pertly afore the peple
Apparant to my heart. tædio.)- Wic. Ps. cxviii, 28.
Shakespeare. Winter's Tale, act i. sc. 2. And thei radden in the boc of the lawe distinctli and
Love was not in thir looks, either to God, ANNUNCIATE. See ANNOUNCE. apertli to (L. V. opynli, aperte) undirstonde.
Or to each other, but apparent guilt,
Wic. 2 Esd. viii. 8. ANOINT.
And shame, and perturbation, and despaire, fe han not nede that ony man teche fou, but as his
Nether ony thyng is preuy the whiche schal not come in Anger, and obstinacie, and hate, and guile. to apert. (L. V. opyn, palam.)—Id. Mark iv. 22.
Milton. Par. L. x. 112. anoyntyng techith fou of alle thingis (var. oynting; unctio). Wic. 1 John ii. 27. A'PEX. (Lat.) A little tuft, tied or fastened
With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently ANOUG. Wic. i. e. Enough.
(et palam), and not in dark speeches.—Bible. Num. xii. 8. (aptum) to the top of a cap; and hence applied, ge
They (the Lords of the Congregation) resolved to preANOURN. nerally, to
serve the appearance of decency and respect towards their Forsothe Jezabel anournede hyre hened.
The top, tip, or summit; the highest point. superiors, and to have no recourse to arīns without the most Wic. 4 Kings ix. 30.
Upon his (the Flamen's) a hat of delicate wool, whose top urgent and apparent necessity. Thanne the sones of Yrael diden doun her anornement, ended in a cone, and was thence called
Robertson. History of Scotland, b. ii. An. 1559. This aper.
aper (ournement, ournyng, ornamentum) fro the hil of Oreb. was covered with a fine net of yarn.
Heirs apparent are such whose right of inheritance is Id. Ex. xxxiii. 6. Different Versions.)
B. Jonson. Part of the King's Entertainment. indefeasible, provided they outlive the ancestor, as the
APEIRE: See APPAIR.
(He) made arow (sigillatim) the hertis of hem. (L.V. Blackstone. Com. ii. 14. contemplation of these actions.
singulerti. Mod. V. alike.)- Wic. P3. xxxii. 15. APPAY.
Brown, Phil. of the Mind. Lec. 74. Therwith was Perkyn a-payed,
A'PRICATE, . Lat. Apricari, to bask in the ARRAY. And preised hem faste.---Piers Plouhman, v. 4012. sun. Ray notices this word as a new coinage by' Hire
array me ravysched, APPEACH. Boyle, who much affected such Latinisms.
Swiche richesse saugh I nevere.
Piers Plouhman, v. 912. If the spirit of gelousie stirith the housebonde agens his AQUEINT. See ACQUAINT.
Araiers of Kyngis lettris is a var. r. of Scribis, Dyteris, wijf, which is ether defonlid, ether is apechid (E. V. coucitid, appetitur) be false suspecioun, &c.— Wic. Num. v. 14. AQUITE. See Acquit. Shewe in me if ther be offence
ARREST. ARRESTMENT, 8. See Hack. in v. Quit. Of ony gylte myn answe to appeche.
A’RABESQUE. (Fr.) Arabian-like (Cotgrave).
Thenne he mowntyng upon his courser, and his spere
in Life of our Ladye, e. 6, c. 1. I was much taken with the principal front of the inner his arrest, spurrid on his horse. He commanded that the Lady that had appeched Jaque court [of the palace of Andalusia). was not a little sur
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, ix. 8. Carton, 1481. le Grys sholde be then present.-Berners' Froissart, ii. 208. prized to find lions, castles, and other armorial ensigns of
And for remission of our arresting of their goods, the Castille and Leon, interwoven with the arabesque foliages. aforesayd merchants hane granted ynto vs, that of every APPEAL.
Surinburne. Travels through Spain, Let. 31.
tunne, &c.-Hack. v. i. The Great Charter unto forreine And it is don, that thei that axiden or apeliden hym (in
ARANDE. See ARRAND.
Merchants of Ed. I. terpellabant) sawen his glorie that was prechid and him keverd with parpre, fledden alle.- Wic. '1 Mac. x. 64. ARAY. See ARRAY.
ARRET, v. Common in Spenser. To assign to An appellatory libel ought to contain the name of the
the charge care of. In P. P. To rate, qv. party appellant ; and the name of the party appellate, ARBITER.
(Beggeris are) arated of riche men or person against whom the appeal is lodged.
Thou forsothe, Esdras, aftir the wisdam of God, ordeine That ruthe is to here.-Piers Plouhman, v. 9246. Ayliffe. Parergon (in Todd). domestnen and arbitrouris (arbitros) in al Cirie, and Fenice. The other fine, fue sundry wayes he set, They both uprose and tooke their ready way
Wic. 3 Esdr. viii. 26.
Against the five great bulwarks of that pile,
And vnto each a bulwark did arret
To assaile with open force or hidden gaile.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, ii. 11, 7. Conscience was called
Cowper. Odyssey, viii. 278.
ARRIVE, s. To come and appere.
Gr. Apxaikos, ancient. How should I joy of thy arrive to hear.
Drayton. Brandon to Mary of France.
He bar a bowe in his hand
ARCHITRICLINE. Gr. ApXitpixlivos; Lat. And manye brode arwes.-Piers Plouhman, v. 14159. Into the pyne of helle.-Piers Plouhmar, v. 1089. Architriclinus.
Also Dauid toke the golden arewe cases (pharetras) and And Jhesus seide to hem, Drawe ye now, and bere ye to brouzte bem into Jerusalem.- Wic. 1 Par. xviii. 7. APPETE, 0.
the architriclyn (Mod. V. Governor of the feast). And rys up er appetit
Wic. Ion ii. 8. ARSE. A.S. Ears; D. Aers; Ger. Arsch ; Sw. Haue eten his fille.-Piers Plouhman, v. 4329.
and Dan. Ars. Be thou whettid (made sharpe), go thou to the rift or to For she loued hym most ardantly.
An heepe of houndes at his ers the left, whidir euer is the appetit (appetitus) or desier of
The Golden Legend. Carton, West. 1483, fo. 20, c. 1. As be a lord were.-Piers Plouhman, v. 6223. thi face.- Wic. Ez. xxi. 16.
Lo, further on
And he smoot Azothe and his coostis in the more priue Euery creature cryeth, God us made; and so they han Where flames the ardurous Spirit of Indore.
party of the arsis (natium. L. V. buttokis). full apeted to thilke God by affeccion soch as to hem be
Cary. Dante, Pur. 10, 120.
Wić. 1 Kings v. 6. longeth.-Chaucer. Testament of Love, b. ii.
And he smoot the men of ech cytee fro litil unto more, The obiecte of appetite is, whatsoeuer sensible good AREAD, v. To declare or pronounce against ; to and the arsropis of hem goynge out stonken (ertales promay be wished for: the object of will is, that good which award.
minentes).-Id. Ib. v. 9. Reason doth lead us to seeke.--Appetite is the Will's Solicitor, and the Will is Appetite's Controuler; what we couet
But mark what I arreed thee now, Anaunt,
Flie thither whence thou fledst. Milton. Par. L. iv. 962. A'RSON. Old Fr. Arson, ab ardendo; ardere, according to the one, by the other we often reiect. Hooker. Ecc. Pol. i. $ 7.
to burn. A burning; in law,APPLY, v. ARECHE, v.
"A malicious and wilful burning of the house or Zabulon in the brynke of the see shal dwelle, and in the outhouse of another man." (Blackstone. Com. b. iv. And Saul seide, Applieth (applicate) hider all the corners of the pople, and witith, and seeth, bi whom fallith
stacioun of shippes arechynge (pertingens) unto Sidon.
Wic. Gen. xlix. 13.
c. 16.) this synne to day. - Wic. 1 Kings xiv. 38.
AREISE. See ARAISE.
ART. Artfid is used by Milton, Dryden, and APPOINT.
Pope in a good sense; and so Artifice by Cudworth. Then sayd Laban unto hym: If I have founde favoure
And Y areysoned him, and Y seide (E. V. witnessed, con. Phereclus, who knew how to fabricate with his bands in thy syght (for I suppose the Lorde hath blessed me for
testatus sum).- Wic. 2 Esd. xiii. 23. thy sake) apoint what thy reward shal be, and I will gene
all dædal things, is called by Pope “The artful Pheit thee.-Gen. XXX. 28. Bible, 1549.
ARESTE. See ARREST.
reclus." Iliad, b. 5, v. 75.
Artistic, Artistical, are now in common use. APPOSE. AREW. See AROW.
The material Universe, which is the artifice of God, the The people hym apposede With a peny in the temple
ARGENT. ARGENTARIE. So Wic. E. V. ren- artifice of the best Mechanist.–Cud. Mor. 175. Wheither thei sholde therwith ders Lat. Argentarius. See in V. Silver.
Best and happiest artisan,
Best of painters, if you can,
With your many-colour'd art,
Paint the mistress of my heart.
Guardian, No. 168. Anac. Od. 28.
Contrive me, Artisan, a bowl Appreciant alway, chose for highest trust.
Of silver ample as my soul.–Fawkes. Anacreon, Od. 18. Southey. Inscription, 45. APPREHEND.
Dauid precheth Crist with the harp, and in the ten cordid ARTE, O.
sawtrie reereth vp the ariser fro helle.
And Amorre artid (L. V. Helde streit ; arctivit) the sones rous, that no definite space of time would serve to consider
ARISTOCRACY. and commemorate them.-Barrow, v. i. p. 107. Ser. ix.
of Dan in the hil, he ne gaf to hem place that to the pleyner
thei mygten descende.- Wic. Judg. i. 34. He died in the dead and deep part of the night, when
His whole family are accused of being aristocrats, though Nox might be most apprehensibly said to be the Danghter
their only aristocratism consists in their wishing to defend ARYN, adj. A. S. Are, æreus, brazen. of Chaos, the Mother of Sleep and Death, according to the & constitution which all France has sworn to maintain.
Aha, ah! thought the Pardener, beth the pannys aryn. old genealogy.-Browne. Letter to a Friend.
Romilly to Durant, Sept. 10, 1792.
Chaucer. Pardonere and Tapster, v. 569. APPROACH.
Make thee an ark of planed trees; litel dwellyng places AS. In Chaucer, “ As sende;" “ As taketh ;" Pees in pacience yelothed
in the ark thow shalt make, And within and without thow “ As desire;” “ As doth;" mean, I pray that (you) Approched ner hem tweyne.--Piers Plouhman, v. 12419.
shalt dizten it with glew (L. V. schip).- Wic. Gen. vi. 14.
or that (he), &c. &c. APPROPRE.
Euery gentil wight I pray And she whiche that coud so ill doe, and wolde,
ARM. ARMET. An helmet or (horseman's)
For Goddes love as deme not that I say
Of evil intent.-Chaucer. Troilus and Cressida, v. 3172. Hire be the blame for hire foule demerite;
headpiece. And leve—that opprobrious name cokcold,
" Mercy!" quod she, “ my Soveraine Lady Quene! He, in haste aroused, had cast
Er that your court depart, as doth me right."
Id. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6631. APPROVE.
For Goddes sake, I
say, AROUME. At large. See Room.
As beth not wrothe, but let us
laugb and play. I come nowe to speke of delectacyons that wise olde men But never was that dente of thonder
Id. The Shipmannes Tale, v. 13352. may haue in labouragys and culture and approuement of That so swithe gan downwarde discende, londys.—Trelle on Old Age. Caxton, 1481, c. 7.
As this foule (an egle) whan that it behelde
ASCAPE. See ESCAPE.
Chaucer. House of Fame, b. ii. v. 33.
ASCRIPTION. See ASCRIBE.
Al shulde I ther through enpeach myne owne fere, if he ATAKE. Overtake. M.V. Reach to. An ascriptitious and supernumerary God. wer gilty, and to do misdede assentaunt.
And the thresshynge of repyng tilthes shal atake the
Chaucer. Testament of Love, b. i.
vyndage (apprehendet).- Wic. Lev. xxvi. 5.
And whidir oner thou shalt gon, haue mynde thee o'taker mightes helping to certaine coniuracions.-Id. ib.
(deprehensam. L. V. that thou art tahun). -Id. Gen. xx. 16. Therfor on alle these thingis, we us silf smyten, and
ASSESS. ASSESS-OR. (Lat.) One who sits near writen boond of pees, and oure princes and our dekenes, and
At Boughton-under-Blee us gan atak
A man, that clothed was in clothes blake. oure prestes aseelen. (E. V. sette marke; signant.) to; an associate; one who assesses.
Chaucer. Chan. Yem. Tale, v. 16024.
Whence to his Son,
“Sire," quod the Sompnour, “ haile and wel atake"(n). Milton. Par. L. vi. 679.
Id. Frere's Tale.
ATAME. See TAME. ASK. Written Ask or Aks (Are) by the same
ASSIGNS. Those to whom any property is Authorg. See AXE.
ATHINK, or OTHINK, o.) Bethink; reflect; ASSIGNEES. s assigned are called Assigns—but in Envye with hery herte
S repent (pænitet). And Bankruptcy Assignees ; opposed to Assigner, to him Asked after shrifte.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2626.
see Forthink. And he seide to hem, Oon askyng, I aske (unam petitiowho assigns or transfers.
Forsothe it o'thenkith (in nate, athenkith) me to haue nem postulo) of you, geneth to me the eere ryngis of your ASSIMILATE.
maad hern.- Wic. Gen, vi. 7. preye: And the weist of the askid (postulatarum) eere
For it oʻthougt the Lord that he had ordeynyd San) king
Akin to secretion, if not the same thing, is assimilation, ryngis was, &c.— Wic. Judg. viii. 24. by which one and the same blood is converted into bone,
vpon Irael.-Id. 1 Kings xv. 35. Aske me (quod I) at thy will, that thou wolt, and I shal muscular flesh, nerves, membranes, tendons.
Forsothe to the onercomer in Yrael he shal not spareanswer.-Chaucer. Boet. b. i. pr. 6.
Paley. Natural Theology, c. vii.
and thurg athenkyng he shal not be bowid. Forsothe ne a man is that ne do othenkynge (pænitentia).
Id. 16. v. 29. ASKANTE. Mr. Tyrwhitt thinks, as if; as if to ASSOFTE, v. To soften; to soothe. say; What! &c.
(This Sterre) whan she is alofte
The fire was couched, first with stre,
And than, with drie sticks cloven a-thre.
Chaucer. Knightes Tale, v. 2936.
Stop a tyd ; i. e. in time.
Skelton. Against Garnische, v. 162. gyue to me thretly lynnen clothis. And thei migten not too myche drunkennesse.- Wic. Judith xiii. 4. by thre days soylen (solvere) the proposicionn.
AT ON. See ATONE.
Wic. Judges xiv. 13, 14.
He desires to make atonement Adspective, because it unfolds the reasons of things adspect
Wisd. viii, 8. Between the Duke of Gloster and your brothers. able (i. e. offered to the sight) in a direct view; as why
Shakespeare. Richard III. i. 3. parallel lines proceeding to a great distance do seem to ASSONANT.) Sp. Assonante, Assonancia. The
ATRABILIARE. coincide.-Barrow. Math. Lec. ii.
This Atrabilarian is offended with every thing. . . . In ASPERSE, v.
or voice. Also the consonance of Spanish verses, whatever place he is, all that he sees and all that he hears She prayeth that the asperciò and spryngynge of the as Cielo, Beleno.
becomes insupportable.-D’Israeli. Cur. of Literature, v. dewe make our hearts to growe in vertnes.
I observed no instance of the assonant rhyme.
ii. Account of an Atrabilarian or Hypochondriac. The Golden Legend, fo. 28, c. 1.
Hallam. Lit. of E. i. 327.
ATRIP. On the trip; sc. to catch the wind.
P So that the more aspirants to that bliss
And now a breeze from shore began to blow,
The sailors ship their oars, and cease to row:
Then hoist their yards a-trip, and all their sails And more is lov'd. the World, Resourd occurs.--Dyce.
Let fall to court the wind, and catch the gales. Cary. Dante, Hell, xv. 70. So also Purg. xv. 70.
Dryden. Ceyr and Alcyone. the youth,
Then he assurded to this exclamation.-Skelton, i. 374.
ATTACH. Caxton writes-Atouch.
And comaunded a constable,
To attachen the tyrauntz. too? But can these high assumers and pretenders to reason, The aspirant Ch. Justice saw clearly where was the pinch
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1278. (in Johnson). of the case.
prove themselves so !-South. Serm. (in Johnson). -Campbell's Chancellors, iii. 530.
The which (Cirographe or obligacion) Jhesu Cryst bare ASPY.
ASSUMPT, &c. See ASSUME.
and atouchyd it the Crosse.— The Golden Legend, fo. 17, c. 1. Bi feith Raab hoore resseyayde the asperis (exploratores) ASTONE, O.
ATTAIN. with pees.- Wic. Heb. xi. 31.
Isaac wexe adrad by a hidows stonying (L. V. astonying, Clothe ghou with the armure of God, that ghe moun
Ne ateyne thou (L. V. Touch thou not, ne attingas) the stupor).- Wic. Gen. xxvii. 33.
termes of litle childer, and the feold of moderles childer go stonde aghens the aspiyngis of the devel (insidias).
Id. Ej. vi. 11.
The very crampe-fish (torpedo) knoweth her own force thou not in.- Wic. Prov. xxiü. 10. Who sekith the lawe shal be fulfild of it; and who aspi- nish others.-Holland, Plinie, b. ix. c. 42. or power, and being herselfe not benummed is able to asto
Persons become often enamoured of outward beanty, endli (insidiose) doth shal be sclaundrid in it.
without any particular knowledge of its possessor, or its Id. Ecclus. xxxii. 19. A'STRAGAL. It. Astragala ; Sp. Astragal; Fr. attainableness by them.--Cheyne (in Johnson). ASQUINT. See ASKANCE. Astragale ; Gr. A otpayalos. Cotgrave explains,
ATTAME, v.) Fr. Entamer; to commence any * The nuckle bone or bonket; also the game with ASSASSIN. More recent etymologies are- -1.
thing, (Lacombe,) from Gr. Evtafrom Haschischah, Henbane, which, or the expressed such bones; the first bone of the instep; also a small
TAME. ) pelv, inscindere, to cut into. See and round member in architecture (plain or wrought Menage and Junius. Skinner adds, Or from Tamac, juice of which, when used to excess, produced an excitement amounting to fury. 2. From Haschisch,
or writhen), and termed by our workmen an astragal
a butler, whose office it is to open and assay a ca-k. a species of Hemp, so prepared as to produce in
To open into or upon; to explain; to commence; toxication; those addicted to the use of it
, being the heel, whence the French call it the talon or beel itself, violate the untouched purity), to wound, to hurt. The astragal has its analogy from that bone a little above
to , to taste; and conseq. to tinge, or taint, to named Haschischin, or Haschaschin, and thus the
nor improperly.- Evelyn. On Architecture. word denoted an habitual drunkard. The Assassins
ASTRINGE. See ASTRICT.
He unbokeled has boteles, and both he a tamed. appear to have been a military and religious order.
Piers Plouhman, p. 324. ASTRONOMY. The Lat. Magi (Magicians) is It is a bloody thought in one way, as Nero's was in an
And how this feste first took his name, other; for by a word we wound a thousand, and at one blow rendered Astronomiens by Wiclif, Dan. ii. 2, and in So as I can to you I will atame. assassine the honour of & nation. Luke, already quoted in Dictionary.
Life of our Ladye, fo. 2, m. 11.
That he brynge in his honde
A large penye imprynted with the name
And the ymage of the Emperour-
Na-moore than my
And thereupon he sholde enone atame
Another of newe.-Id. fo. 1, c. i.
And sayd in soth that he was to blame, sone to the fadir he hath seruyd with me in the Gospel. ASYLUM.
For to be bold any words to tame
Id. fo. 2, c. i. (Andronicus) counseilide hym (Onias) for to go forth of ASSEARCH. See SEARCH.
asile (asylum. M. V. sanctuary).- Wic. 2 Mac. iv. 34. “ Yes, Hoste," quod he," so mote I ride or go, And to hym aserchynge (scrutanti), at the tent, and no
But I be mery, Ywis I wold be blamed."
Gen. xxxi. 34. thynge fyndynge, she seith. Wic.
And right anon his tale he hath attamed.
Chaucer. Nonnes Preestes Prologue. ASSEMBLE.
see not how to reconcile with other things evidently and And after that he shright so,
confessedly true.-Boyle, in Norris on Reason and Faith, That wonder was to see his wo, I seigh in this assemblee
ch. iii. (in Todd). As ye shul here after.- Piers Plouhman, v. 432.
For sith that peine was first named,
Was neur more wofull peine attamed.
Chaucer. Dream, 1. 596. ASSENT. in R. G. p. 379, atte last; p. 431, atten end.
Nay-God forbid," my Lady oft,
With many conning word and soft,
Chaucer. Pard. Tale, v. 12542. Seid, “ that ever ach thing should beene,
AUTONOMY. Gr. Avrovoula. One's own law.
Who zege to me an Auditour (L. V. an helpere; var. r. Autonomy (the) of the will. ---Coleridge. Biog. Lit. i. 156.
heerere, auditorem) that my desyr heere the Almyfti. ATTASTE, o.
Wic. Job xxxi, 35. AUTOPTICAL AUTOPTICALLY. Long time of thrusting canseth drinke to be the more
am not certain that even of the elements, as he will (This was) evinced by autoptical experience. delicious whan it is atasted.--Chaucer. Test. of Love, b. iii. deliver them, connected with inferences, and mingled with
Evelyn, b. iii. ch. 3, 6 22 (in Todd). reflections, you are a very capable auditress (Pekuah). That the Galaxy is a meteor was the account of Aristotle; ATTEMPT. ATTEMPTED, i. e. tried.
Rassclas, c. 45.
but the Telescope bath autoptically confuted it. (These men) To hard assaies vnfit, vnsure at need, AVENTURE.
Glanville. Scepsis, (16.)
Kynghod ne knygthod,
By noght I kan awayte,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, iv. 6, 11. Oone heris ende.-Piers Plouhman, v. 6280.
With that her mortal speare
AWAKE, v. and Durham (more commonly for the spider's web
And downe him sinote ere well aware he were. than for the insect itself); from A. S. Attre, poison,
Id. 16. iii, 1, 28.
Thus I awaked and wroot
What I had ydremed.-Piers Plouhman, v 12960. and Coppe, a cup, (qd.) A cup of venom. See AVER, s. Perhaps from Fr. Avoir, wealth; ap- And I awakned therwith.-16. 1392. Jamieson and Brockett.
plied to wealth used corruptly. See Skinner. I thoragh his wordes awook. – 16. 4773.
I am wel a-wroke
Chaucer. Test. of Love, b. i. Of wastoars, thorugh thy myghte.
Piers Plouhman, v. 4200. So worthili attired.-Piers Plouhman, v. 917. cleaped false for wanting of goods.-Id. 16.
AXE, i. e. ask. “ I have but oon hool hater" (attire), quod Hankyn.
Mede hath me amendes made,
I may no more axe.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2288. Freres-Foliliche spenden
AUGUR, s. In housynge, in haterynge.-Id. 9758.
AXIOM. Arioma, from the Gr. a&loelv, sentire, Thou wert ourned with wymmen's atier (mundo mu
In judgment he liebri).- Wic. Ez. xxiii. 40.
Of portents augural, and in forecast
is, with some logicians, merely sententia, propositio. Unerring, his coevals all excelled.--Cowper. Od. ii. 215.
In a consequential usage, aţio-elv, is--to think ATTOUR. See ATTIRE.
worthy. And Axiom is, with the Schoolmen, conAVIDITY.
vertible with Marim, qv. ATTRACT.
Avid of gold, yet greedier of renown,
AXIS. AXLE-TREE. above the celestial spheres, and thou wilt not find a cor
Could satisfy, insatiate, nor the fame
The entrailes of a fool as the whel of a carre, and turn
Of that wide empire overthrown appease.
Southey. Don Roderick, 6 xvi.
Wic. Ecclus. xxxiii. 5.
AYE. tare); to touch; to handle.
And therfore I sey to yow, makys to fou frendys of mamAULNAGER.
mone of vneuynhed (iniquitatis), that when zee fayle, thei The Christian Ministery having greater priviledges (than the Jewish) and being honoured with attrectation
So many alnagers to alnage and measure al kinds of receyue zou into ay lastand tabernakyls. merchandize, which they shal buy or sell by the yard.
Luke xvi. 9. Anon. Wic. Bib. v. i. p. 10, n. g. of the body and blood of Christ, and offices serving to a better covenant, may with greater argument be accounted
Hackluyt. Voyage, 1 Ed. IV. He is ay angry as is a pissemire,
Though that he have all that he can desire. excellent, honourable, and royal. AUMENER. See ALMS.
Chaucer. Sompnoures Tale, v. 7407. J. Taylor. Office Ministerial, v. 6 9. Since that material part and exterior actions of religion AUNTRE. AUNTROUS. See ADVENTURE. AYEL, s. Fr. Ayeul; Low Lat. Aviolus, dim. could be acted and personated by any man, there was
of Avus, a grandfather. scarce any thing left to inake it religious, but the attrecta- AVOIRDUPOIS. In Wiclif, the Early Version tion of the Rites by a holy person.-Id. Ib. s. i. $ 7.
Allas! Lordes and Ladies, has “ Chodchod, that is precious marchaundise;" Lewed counseil have ye ATTRIBUTE.
the Later, “ Cochod, ether, Aver de peis," which To gyve from youre heeres Much of the origination of the Americans seems to be confirms the Etymology adopted (from Du Cange)
That your aiels you left.-Piers Ploukman, v. 10263. attributable to the migrations of the Seres. by Mr. Todd; who explains Averium pondus, All
I am thin ayel, redy at thy will.
Chaucer. Knightes Tale, v. 2479. Right notions of the being and Attributes of God, every
goods or merchandize sold by weight (now a cerone knows are the foundation of all religion : but then this tain established weight).
AZYME. knowledge must not be a bare speculation; but a serious, The puttiden forth in thi marcat ... bijs, and seelk,
AZYMITES. practical, affecting impression, and deep sense upon the and cochod, ether aver de peis.- Wic. Ez. xxvii. 16. A question concerning the Azyms was fiercely debated in Mind; of a Supreme Being, who created the World by his Power, preserves and governs it by his Goodness and Wis- AVOUTRER. See ADULTERY.
the Ilth century, and the Essence of the Eucharist was
supposed, in the East and West, to depend on the use of dom, and will judge it with Justice, Mercy, and Truth; of
AVOW. soch a Supreme Being, whose Glory, no eye can behold;
leavened or unleavened bread.-Gib. xi. 172, c. 60.
The Azymites were those who celebrated the communion whose Majesty, no thought can comprehend; whose Power, His patent may it wel avowe.
with unleavened bread.-Id. xii. 147, c. 67. Do strength can resist; from whose Presence, no swiftness
Piers Plouhman, v. 12509. can flee; from whose Knowledge, no secret can be concealed; whose hustice, no art can evade; whose Goodness, every
And seide that hymself myght Assoilen bem alle
Of avowes broken.-Id. v. 142. creature partakes of.-Clarke, Serm. y. i. Serm. 1.
For what without thy knowledge and avow, ATTRY.
Nay more, thy dictate, durst Auleerna do.
Dryden. Æn. x. v. 1162.
Piers Plouhman, v. 7943. With aureat seint (cinct-ure) about hire sides clene.
Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 817. BABBLE.
And so I bablede on my bedes atwynne. (L. V. be departed ech fro other.)
Precious or auriphrygiate.
Thei broughte me a-slepes.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2487. Wic. Er. Xxviii. 28.
Southey. Don Roderick, c. 18.
He was bytellbrowed and baberlupped, whit two blery
eyen.-Piers Plouhman, p. 97. Tunica superhumeralis).- Wic. Ex. xxxix. 20.
AUSCULTATORY.) pulsations of the heart. Now
BACK, s. See BAT.
Mr. W. Taylor of Norwich suggested
terne. In Esth. xv. 10, Austernnesse, Note i. (It is) a Religion, that baffoules all Temporal Princes, What is forsothe the hope of an Ipocrite, if averously he (Lat. Furorem) is a var. r. of wodenes.
making them stand barefoot, at their great Bishops gate, take and God delyver not his soule!
Forsoth I drede the, for thou art an austerne (austerus) his courtesie.-Bp. Hall, i. 595. Dissuasive from Popery.
lye at his foot, hold his stirrup, yea, their owne Crownes at Wic. Job xxvii. 8. (E. V.) man. (L. V. Sterne). - Wic. Luke xix. 21; in v. 22, AUCTOUR. hausterne.
BAG, v. 8. Go. Balgs; A. S. Bælge ; D. Balgh ; AUTER. See ALTAR.
Ger. Balg; Sw. Bælg. “Balgeis Galli sacculos scorAUDIBLE.
teos appellant.”-Festus. And in this Bulgs — we
AUTHOR, s. And in Audiense of hem the King (Josie) redde in Goddis
see the A. S. Bug-an, to bow: and numerous de
He (Newton) keeps his own authorly secrets, without hous alle the wordis of the Book.
rivatives - Bale (of goods), Balk, Bilk, Ball, Bay, participating them with me. Wic. Bib. Jerome, Pref. Ep. p. 28.
Cowper to Unwin, Nov, 1, 178 Belch, Bell, Belly, Bellows, Big, Boll, Bolster, Bough,
See Du Cange.
AUCTORITE. } See AUTHOR.
, and are directed the season
BARE. See Piers Plouhman in v. Boot. Bulb, Bulge, Bulk, Bullet, Burom, in their worke, by a balker, or huer, who standeth on the
Sothli sum fong man, clothid with lynnen cloth on the To give one the bag, is a cant saying for – to cliffe side, and from thence best discerneth the quantitie
Bare (super nudo) suede him.- Wic, Mark xiv. 51. balk, to disappoint, to bilk. So in It. Dar la baia. and course of the pilcherd.
Bi the beryd weye we schulen goon. (L.V. Comynli usid,
Via trita.)- Id. Num. xx. 19.
Carew. Suruey of Cornwall, fol. 32. Sp. Dar baya. Fr. Donner un baye. See Baia,
Tho that wenten in by hem zeden awey be streyt beryd baye, in Menage, and Baye in Cotgrave.
BALLUSTER. The It. Balestra is a cross-bow, paththis out of the weye (per calles devios). Bidderes and beggeres and Balestriera, a spike-hole or loop-hole, to shoot
Id. Judg. v. 6. Faste aboute yede With hire belies and hire bagges
(a cross-bow) out at, (Florio) from the Lat. Balista. BARN. Written Barn, Berne, Burn, Buyrn. Of breed ful y-crammed.
From these loop-holes in a wall or parapet, the name Withouten the blood of a barn
Born of a mayde.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v, 11554. You shall be light witted upon every small occasion to give your master the bag.
A Barreter is an horseleach that only sucks the cor-
quirks.-Fuller. Holy State, b. v. c. 14. (Profane State.) felt of the Powers and Terrours of what is yet unseen, he would not thus lightly have given us the bag. (The third
Blood must be my body's Balmer,
BARREN. and subsequent editions read back.) - Pilgrim's Progress,
Raleigh. The Pilgrimage. Hungur roos on the lond, aftir thilke bareyness (E. V. Pt. i. p. 7. London. J. Haddon, 1847.
Bareynte, sterilitas) that bifelde in the daies of Abraham.
Gen. xxvi. I.
BA'RTON. A. S. Bere-tun. Somner says that Berners' Froissart, i. 160. He bereth a Balstaff.-Chaucer. Pard. and Tap. v. 153. Bere-wic, or Bere-tun, (whence the more modern And now they reach'd
Barton,) is Villa frumentaria. Tun is any
inclosed Where by the bayles embattled wall in arms
BAM BAMBOOZLE. The Tatler notices this as The Knights of England stood. a word“ invented by some pretty fellows,” and “now village, yard, barton, &c. the country lying within
place, (from A. S. Tyn-ian, to inclose,) — a towne, Southey. Joan of Arc, b. 7, v. 132. The bayle or lists was a space on the outside of the ditch: struggling into vogue.”—No. 230.
the bounds of a city. It was also called a bark-en, surrounded by strong pallisades, sometimes by a low em- Prig. This is some conspiracy, I suppose, to bam, to chouse
which Skinner derives from the A. S. Beorg-an, mubattled wall.-Note. me out of my money.-Foote. The Cozeners, act iii. sc. 1.
nire, to fend or fenice; he calls it-locus clausus, an BAIT. See BATE.
inclosed place (in respectu, sc. agrorum); Ray, That is the castel of Care;
that in Sussex it is the yard of a house. And the BAIZE, s. Dutch, Baey; Dan. Bai; Ger. Bayze; Who so comth therinne
word bar-ton appears to be composed of the A. S. It. Baietta. A kind of cloth, shaggy, with small
May banne that he born was.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 583. Beorg, or beork, a place of defence, and tun, inclosed; flocks of wool, which is usually worn in mourning.
For lacke of richesse worldly, and of gode,
and to mean, simply,Menage. Le Origine. And so called from its (then) They banne, and curse, and wepe.
Any place inclosed for security, separate possescommon colour. An inferior or coarser cloth.
Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 1143. sion, privacy, &c. &c.
That part of the demaines, which appertainetb to the
lords dwelling house, they call his barten or berton, And takynge floure she mengid it and boke therf looues.
Carew. Suruey of Cornwall, fol. 36.
The first that devised a barton and mue to keep foule was carrying ammunition. I seigh in this assemblee
M. Lenius Strabo, a gentleman of Rome, who made sucii Baksteres and brewesteres,
He (the Dwarf) tore Dame Maudlin's silken tire,
one at Brindis, where he had enclosed birds of all kinds. And bochiers manye.-Purs Plouhman's Vision, v. 434. And, as Sym Hall stood by the fire
Holland. Plinie, b. x. c. 50. He lighted the Match of his Bandelier, BAʼLCONY. Written by Skinner and Junius, And woefully scorched the Hackbutteer.
BASE;-in Wic. is a various reading of foundeBalcone ; and accented formerly on the second syl
Scott. Last Minstrell, c. iii. 21. ment (Basis). lable. By Swift on the first; by Gay (in Todd)
In xxx years before it was nat so base, and so the scorand Jenyns, on the second.
The Germans and Gauls, who have bodies very subject rers passed at their euse (sc. the river). to diseases, were become quite baned through the extreme
Berners' Froissart, ii. 294 BALD. heat.-Gordon. Tacitus, Hist. b. ii. c. 93.
And some thinketh that a poste alone stonding vpright (Elde) made me ballede bifore
vpon a basse, may lenger in gret burthen endure, than Ànd bare on the crowne.-Piers Plouhman, v. 14292.
crooked pillers for all their helps, and her ground ben not Lytyl children wenten out from the cyte, and scorneden BANGLE, v.
siker.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. to hym seyinge, Stey up Ballard; Stey up Ballard.
To beat, knock, strike aside.
BASEN. Ger. Bausen. Flare, inflare, inflare
buccas. Wachter.. And sayed to him, Go up thou bald head, go up thou bald and therefore, if we wilfully bangle away this so precious a Then
the courtiers gaze on everie side, head.-Id. lb.
legacy of Christ, it is a plain sign we want that love and And stare on him, with big lookes basen wide, Without doute of lepre, he schal condempne the man esteem of him, which we have of our earthly friends, and Wondring what Mister wight he was. which is bred in the ballidnesse.— Wic. Lev. xiii. 43. that we despise him as well as his legacy.
Spenser. Mother Hubberd's Tale, v. 670.
Whole Duty of Man. Sunday 16. BALE, r. Dutch, Baalien. To cast the water
Lamp. Delight-my spaniell slept, whilst I bausd leaues,
You are a clergyman, and I have banged your own. Toss'a ore the dunces ; ---pord on the old print out of a leaky ship with tubs or buckets. Baalie, a
Cowper to Unwin, Oct. 20, 1784. Of titled wordes, and still my spaniell slept. tub or bucket. BANK.
Marston. What you wil, D. 2. (1607.) BALE. See BONFIRE.
(Fish) in sculls that oft
BASENET. Wic. renders Galeæ, Helmes ether
Basynetis.-Jer. xlvi. 4.
As a good Banyer.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10496. Thes thingis herynge we dredden, and oure herte basAnd thei maden Balistes (L. V. Arblastis, ether trepei
shede. (L. V. Was sike, elanguit.)- Wic. Josh. ii. 11. ettis, that is, an instrument for to caste scbaftis and stoonys.
BANNITION. See BANISH.
BASK. Chaucer uses to bathe, qv. with the same Bulistas). -- Wic. 1 Mac. vi. 20.
BANTER, though used by Locke and Wood, is meaning.- Nonnes Preestes Tale. BALK. See Bag; (to give the Bag) (Balg); and included by the Tatler, with Bam, Put, &c. as an
BAT. Wiclif renders the Lat. Vespertiliones, Bilk. invention by some pretty fellows.—See No. 230.
Backis, ether rere myis.—Is. ii. 20. And over it (1 post) another beam they crost,
I have done my utmost for some years past, to stop the Pointed with iron sharpe, to it made fast
progress of Mobb and Banter, but have been plainly borne With ropes, which, as men would, the dormant tost, down by numbers, and betrayed by those who promised to
BATE, v. Also; To bate as a hawk. Fr. S’AbNow out, now in, now backe, dow forward cast, assist me.-Tatler, No. 230.
batre; and Fr. Debatis. Cot. “ The bating or unquiet In his swift pullies of the men withdrew
fluttering of a hawk”-sc. from perch to perch; The tree, and oft the riding Balke forth threwe.
striving to get away.
And therfore he shall begge and bidde,
And no man bete his hunger.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4275. observe the shoals of fish coming, and, by moving
He rode but homely in a medlee cote,
For love had him so bounden in a spare,
All for the daughter of the King Admete, boughs, point out to the fishermen, waiting in the
Chaucer. Prol. to C. T. v. 330.
That all his craft ne could his sorrowes bcte. boats, the course they are taking :-I know not, con- BARBARIAN.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, i. 666. tinues Skinner, whether from the Dut. Balck, a bulk Sotheli Barbaris or hethene men ganen to us not litil
All furnish'd, all in arms, or beam; and, consequentially, any high place; or, humanyte or curtesye.- Wic. Deeds, xxviii. 1.
All plum'd: like estridges that, with the wind,
Bated like eagles having lately bath'd. perhaps, be-lookers ; A. S. Beloceras, lookers after BARBER.
Shakespeare, i Henry IV. Act iv. Sc. 1. fish; though he confesses that Somner has no such
And she clepide the Barbour, and he shoof (L. V. Would to God that I were hooded, that I saw less or word.
schauede) seuen heeris of hym.- Wic. Judg. xvi. 19. could perform more: for now I am like a hawk that butes,
}Bangle—a diminutive of Bang.