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Evasiois; and avatav, in Pindar, occurs for å atav, i. e. occasionally employed as a short vowel, and to shorten DI-
και χείμα πύρ τε δά Fιον"
We have seen that Dionysius observes that it was Est enim dimetrum iambicum; et sic est proferendum F,
και χει | μα πυρ | τε δαF | ιον !!
where F is used like v, or some vowel. But what
prevents that the line should be scanned as a pure Usus Æolicus reformat, et digammon proficit.
kai χει | μα πυρ | τε δα | Fιον ) :
In this case the use of the Digamma is ordinary and
Beside which, if Pris-
as we have already observed, the power of shortening
no less than lengthening the preceding syllable ; for
purpose. We shall have an opportunity of returning
to this inconsistency presently.
The Grammarian proceeds: “FÆoles est quando in
metris pro nihilo accipiebant, ut
Est enim hexametrum heroïcum." Pro nihilo! If the
άμμες δ' vειράναν, &c.
to the ear than the dwell of the English ; and Dawes
has proved that in some instances the Digamma was
location. The example from Terence is nothing to the
Sine invidiâ laudem invenias et amicos pares,
Greek heroic metre.
One object of using the Digamma appears to have been
the removal of the hiatus between two vowels, which, and he adds : nos quoque videm ur hoc sequi in præte- as it seems, was particularly repulsive to the genius of rito perfecto et plusquam perfecto tertia et quarta conjuga- the Æolian dialect. Hiatus quoque causd (says Priscian) tionis, in quibus I ante V consonantem posita producitur, solebant illi interponere Digamma ; quod ostendunt etiam eddemque subtractá corripitur, utcupivi,cupii; cupiveram, Poetæ Æolicè usi, Alcman, kai xcima a úp te ôd Frov, et cupieram ; audivi, audii; audiveram, audieram." So epigrammata, &c. This is, no doubt, the true account far is very intelligible and analogical. But our sen- of Aleman's intention in inserting the Digamma into sations must somewhat resemble those of the honest the word ôdïov, and utterly contradicts the supposition Satyr in the Fable, when we learn from the same ora- which the Grammarian makes above, that the Dicular authority that this identical letter which some- gamma had the force of a vowel ; for if this had been times had even the force of a double consonant, was the case, the only effect of such an interpolation would
DI- have been to widen the hiatus. When the Digamma the belief that the Digamma could be added or omit- DIGAMMA.
fell into desuetuile, the Æolians appear to have left a ted at pleasure, such does not appear generally to be GAMMA.
Dawes, who acquired from Bentley both the disco-
tends against Bentley, that although the power of the From this epitome of the history of the Digamma, Digamma certainly prevailed in the poems of Homer, its prevalence and its power, we have a strong à priori its form never appeared there. The point itself is not argument that its effects could not but have been of the slightest consequence; there is some difficulty, greatly perceptible in the poems of Homer; which, however, in admitting the belief that Homer employed whensoever they might have been composed, must, the power of a letter which was a regular component undoubtedly, have had their origin in a period when part of his alphabet, without once writing it. Indeed the influence of the Digamma was considerable. It there can be no doubt that, since every writer in the seems, therefore, a very natural à priori supposition, age of Homer would have used the Digamma, Homer that the writings of Homer should exhibit anomalies also would himself have used it : so that it is
easy to in metre and rhythm, which an attention to the force give an answer to Dawes's quaint bit of patchwork of the Digamma would rectify and explain. This sup- Latinity: qud tandem virga plusquam Circæá Homeri position first presented itself to the critical mind of scripta tum inauditam metamorphosin subire potuissent; Bentley; and although the virulence of party spirit,
quæ tandem esset singularis illa virgæ evtlòcya uue quaand the spleen of the witty but unlearned was abun- litas, que luis Ægyptiacæ ad instar in unius hujus eledantly called into exercise by the promulgation of this
menti internecionem grassaretur. When the Digamma
Poems of Homer were never committed to writing
After this ungracious cavil, as groundless as it is
eros, and their inflexions and derivatives. This has
DIGAS- DIGASTRICK, Gr. ris, and yaotip, the belly. Hunger's my cook, my labour brings me mcat,
Which best digests when it is sauc'd with sweat.
Brome. To his Friend Mr. J. B.
While the stream of sorrow runs full, I know how vain it is to
oppose counsell. Passions must have leisure to digest. face, considerably above the insertion of the lower jaw, and comes
Hall. Works, vol. i. fol. 280. Epistle 9. Decade 2.
Before you have digested griefe, advice comes too early; too
His next counsel was, That with other practicall doctrines they
Mede. Works, fol. 69. Appendix to the Author's Life.
The Romans, when they had subdued many nations, to make
ance, as much as they thought necessary, by giving sometimes to
they conquered, not only the privileges, but also the name of To digest food; to bear or convey food concocted
Hobbes. Of Commonwealth, part ii. ch. xix. into different parts of the body.
Falling purposely with Palma, with intention to haue taken our
Sir Francis Drake. West Indian Voyage, fol. 9.
For some constitutions, and some men's customs, and some
men's educations, and necessities, and weaknesses are such, that
Taylor. Sermons, fol. 157.
Digestive cheese, and fruit there sure will be.
Jonson, Epigram 101. Inviting a Friend to Supper.
Speed. Etnereld, book vii. ch. xliv. sec. 20.
Thy style's the same, whatever be thy theme,
As some digestions turn all meat to phlegm.
The Earl of Dorset to Mr. Edward Howard.
Inur'd to suffer ere he came to reign,
No rash procedure will bis actions stain :
To business ripen'd by digestive thought,
His future rule is into method brought.
Dryden. Astrea Redux.
He who will believe all that he finds related by the writers of
the fourth and fifth centuries should be provided with a double
portion of credulity, and have the stomach of an ostrich to digest The norice of digestion, the slepe
Jortin. Works, vol. i. p. 306. Remarks on Ecclesiastical History.
Though the History of Herodotus be of greater compass than
that of Thucydides, and comprehend a much greater variety of
dissimilar parts, he has been more fortunate in joining them Of wormes, or ye take your laxatives.
together, and (igesting them into order.
Blair. Lecture 35. vol. iii. p. 27.
is no less digestible than iron.
. Workes, fol. 235. Exposition vpon the sixth Chapter of Knox. Works, vol. iii. p. 317. Winter Evenings, even. 70.
In erery brake
Wormwood and centaury their bitter juice,
To aid digestion's sickly powers, retine.
Dodsley. Agriculture, can. 3.
ancient medical doctrine of the four DigestIONS ; for
them. The 1st is kaOEKTIKY (for which, since it by no Sir Thomas Elyot. Governour, book i. ch. xvi.
means expresses the quality which Macrobius seeks to
novius,) promoting the descent of the food. The 2d,
kata?eKTIKI), which retains all of it that is alimen-
Id. 16. book iy. ch. i. over the others, and regulates the stomach qui patera
THAT IS HE.
DIGES- familias dici meruit. The 4th, amokpitiny, which pre- DI GIT, v. Fr. digitte ; Lat. digitus ; perhaps DIGIT. TION. sides over egestion. The moderns may have exploded Di'git, n. -Gr. oeis-elv, monstrare, to show or
Digitated. S point out, quasi ôcixons, ostensor : TARIA. this system, (if system it may be called,) but they DIGHT.
have not yet established any other which will explain from its being used to point out. Feltham used the
derived the names of measures chiefly from the parts
digiti, each supposed equal to four barley-corns. The
It will leave some doubt behind, in what subjection hitherto
were the lives of our forefathers presently after the Flood, and
niore especially before it, who attaining unto 8 or 900 years, had
Sir Thomas Brown, book iv. ch. xii.
Feltham. Resolve 28.
DIGITALINE, in Zoology, a genus of the sub-
kingdom Acrita, belonging to the infusorial animals
R. Gloucester, p. 148. of the family Vorticellida, separated from the genus
Vorticella of Muller, by Bory St. Vincent.
R. Brunne, p. 96. Generic character. Stem fistulous, rather flexible,
simple or dendroidal, and divided into rigid branches,
supporting a cylindrical or oblong urn; the mouth of
the urn more or less regularly cordate.
has very great affinity to the true
branchy Vorticellæ, but the mouth of the urns are des-
titute of beards, and the stems are not contractile nor
spiral. They differ from the genus Dendrella, to
The Digitalines commonly grow on the back of
the minute crustaceous animals which live in fresh
water, as the Cyclopes, Monoculi, and Daphnes, cover-
them to swim about. At a particular time the urns Beaumont and Fletcher. The Co.xcomb, act iv. sc. 1, of this genus separate from their stems, and float That pretty Cupid, little God of love,
freely about in the water.
Three species of this genus have been described :
1. D. simpler, Bory, Lederm. pl. vii. fig. 8. Th.
2. D. Ræselii, Bory; Vorticella Digitalis, Muller,
Infus. pl. lvi. fig. 6.
3. D. anastatica, Bory; Vorticella Anastatica, Mul-
ler, Infus. pl. xlvi. fig. 5. The Rose of Jericho, of the
old Works on the Microscope.
namia, order Angiospermia, natural order Scrophularia.
Generic character: calyx five-parted ; corolla belle
celled, flowers in a spike.
Twenty-two species, natives of the Northern hemis-
phere. D. purpurea, the Fox-glove, is a native of
England, enlivening the road sides with its beautiful
DIGITARIA, in Botany, a genus of the class Trian-
drta, order Digynia. Generic character : calyx two
or wanting, the second valve variable, the interior And he is heed of the bodi of the chirche, whiche is the by. DIGNIFY. TARIA. valve as long as the corolla ; corolla two-valved, ob- synnyng and the first bigetun of deede men, that he holde the
firste dignyte in alle thingis. Wiclif. Colocensis, ch. i.
Age to compare vnto thine excellence
I nil presume him so to dignifie.
Chaucer. The Remedie for Loue, fol. 322.
And I that am put way from good men, and dispoiled of digni-
for my good deeds. DIGLA'DIATE, Lat. digladiare, to fight with
Id. The first Booke of Boecius, fol. 214. DIGLADIATION. S swords, (gladiis.) Cockeram O king, God the hyest gaue vnto Nabuchodonosor thy father, says, “Digladiation ; fight, strife, debate."
the dygnitte of a king, with worshippe and honour : so that all
people kynreddes and tunges stode in awe and feare of hym, by
Bible, Anno 1551. Daniel, ch. v.
rightly called to such vicinity and endearments with God, so they Hale. Remains, part i. p. 46.
depend wholly upon divine dignation of the grace and vocation of The passions being 'engaged in the quarrel, the judgments of
Taylor. Sermons, part iv. fol. 40. both sides are lost, or blinded, or silenced with the dust and noise
For ye cause hath God placed you in your office, that therefore of passionate digladiations.
ye migut the more see his speciall dignation and loue towards Id. Contemplations, vol. i. p. 481. A Discourse of Religion.
Fox. Vartyrs, fol. 1497. Letter of M. Bradford to M. Richard
nitaries of the church, men of piety and learning, with whom he
lived in a close intimacy and friendship.
The Life of Walton, p. 55.
you please send one propitious line, Perottus; because those who appear worthy, (digni,)
To dignify these worthless toys of mine.
Brome. Epistle to C. C. Esq. are usually pointed out to others by the finger, (digito All dignification retains still the same title of the merit of some demonstrantur.) Vossius, however, is inclined to be- virtue, and those that attend the least to virtue, will not referre lieve that dignus, or as the Ancients wrote it, dicnus, their temporall successes to lesse then the adeption of them by comes from Gr. Ôur), id est jus ; ut dignus, cui tribui
Mountague. Devoute Essayes, Treat. 5. part i. sec. 2.
They who gaze only upon the glorious robes of tyrants, may
our eyes from their palaces, and look upon them in the sanctu-
arie ; where, understanding their latter ends, we shall find they
Id. 16. Treat. 4. part ii. sec. 2.
“And towarde the dignifying of this office, God's purpose seems luments or authority; to exalt to honour, to rank, to
so express, that he has not only furnish'd subjects for our per
sonating his office of beneficence, but submitted himself to be grandeur; to elevate.
represented by the same subjects.
Id. 16. sec. I.
The first of these great dignities (Lord High Chancellor of En-
the Second had conferred on him, whilst he was yet in banishment
with him ; which he held, after the Restoration, above seven Change worp of bischopriches, & the digne sege [worthy seat] years, with the universal approbation of the whole kingdom, and wys
the general applause of all good men.
Clarendon. History of Civil War, vol. i. part i. Preface i.
He [the pious man] is dignified by the most illustrious titles, a
son of God, a friend and favourite to the Sovereign King of the
world, an heir of heaven, a denizen of the Jerusalem above : titles
Barrow. Sermon 2. vol. i. fol. 19.
For this commandment we have from him, that he who loveth
Id. p. 312. God love his brother also. The first commandment excells in the
dignity of the object; but the second hath the advantage in the
reality of its effects.
Tillotson. Sermon 18.
Then Pallas over all his features shed
Superior beauty, dignified his form
With added amplitude, and pour’d his curls
Like hyacinthine garlands from his brows.
Cowper. Homer. Odyssey, book xxiii.
Name to me yon Achaian chief for bulk
Conspicuous, and for port. Taller indeed
I may perceive than le, but with these eyes
Saw never yet such dignity and grace.
Id. Ib. Iliad, book iii.
In one of the apartments of the palace is a performance that
does great honour to the ingenious spouse of a modern dignitary ;
a copy in needle work of a Madonna and Child, after a most
Pennant. London, p.