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made to see that their interests are common. The workman pay such sacrifices, if, indeed, there would be any real sacought to understand that when the price of that which his rifice in the matter. labor produces is low, his wages must be low, and the Organic union would also result in much greater economy employer ought to recognize that his workmen are entitled in administering ecclesiastical affairs. As it is, each de to a sbare in the increased profits of a better market. In nomination has its separate boards for conducting its differshort, the system known as the “sliding scale," already ent church enterprises. The different branches of Methodadopted in some places with excellent effect, must become ism, for instance, have six or eight separate missionary sociuniversal. When wages rise and fall with the price of pro-eties, administered by as many different boards, with ducts, neither employer nor employe has ground for com salaried officers. If Presbyterianism was an ecclesiastical plaint. In addition to these, there must be introduced that unit its entire missionary work could be directed by one set mode of adjusting difficulties by arbitration which distin- of officers. The same is true of all the great enterprises in guishes reason from passion, a higher from a lower civili- all the denominations. It also frequently happens that zation. If the advanced nations of the world are coming to two or more churches of kindred denominations exist in see that an appeal to physical force can be substituted in all the same community, all alike feeble, and having a hard cases by equitable arbitration, surely the time has come struggle for existence, and so exercised to perpetuate their when the issues between civilized employers and civilized own existence that they have but little time or strength left workmen can be adjusted in the same way. Let the mode to expend in aggressive work in the community. If organic of procedure be similar to that adopted in the settlement of union obtained, such feeble 'societies would coalesce and national controversies. Let there be an impartially consti would at once become vigorous Christian churches, entirely tuted board of arbitration and conciliation. Let there be a self-supporting and self-reliant, and full of that aggressive clear and candid argument of the claims of each side by its spirit that always characterizes a healthy, spiritual, vigorown chosen representatives, and then let there be cheer ous Christian Church. Let there, then, be no more weakenful, honest acquiescence in the decision. Thus would justice ing of the forces of the Church by schism, or separation, or obtain her own, and the evils, not to speak of the terrors, of by the formation of new sects, but rather let the sub-divislabor conflicts soon disappear.

ions of kindred denominations cultivate a spirit of frater

nity and seek to form such alliances with each other as may Organic Union in Churches.

in the future result in bringing about complete organic The meeting of the General Conference of the Methodist union. Episcopal Church, South, was the occasion of a mutual interchange of fraternal messages between the two great

The Temperance Question. Methodist bodies, indicative of the kindly relations exist Never before in the history of our country has the subject ing between them. In the times immediately subsequent of temperance attracted so much attention, or occupied so to their separation, which occurred in 1844, the two Metho- | large a place in the public mind as at present. There bave disms assumed very antagonistic attitudes. This hostile been times of greater excitement in reference to the matter, feeling was greatly intensified by the civil war, in which, but never heretofore did the current of public sentiment in on either side, many members of each denomination were favor of temperance run so deep and so strong as now. Unactively engaged. But within the last few years both de til within the last few years the efforts of the advocates of nominations have, in a great degree, laid aside the bitterness temperance to suppress the liquor traffic have been confined and animosity engendered by separation and strife, and a almost entirely to moral suasion, but at last they have bemore Christian feeling has come to prevail, resulting in come convinced of the fact that moral suasion is too mild a mutual recognition, and also in fraternal relations being es method to conquer so malign an evil, entrenched as it is in tablished between them. If, now, having come into frater the appetites of depraved humanity, and fortified by greed nal relations, these two ecclesiastical bodies would take one for gain on the part of the manufacturers and dealers. The more step and resolve on organic union, the cause of Meth State of Maine first set the noble example of using legal odism and of Christianity in our country would be greatly enactment, placing a prohibitory law upon the statute subserved. The same statement applies with equal force to books, which has proven very efficient in restraining the Presbyterianism, which, like Methodism, is divided into liquor traffic in that Commonwealth. Recently Kansas two separate ecclesiastical bodies, one north, the other south struck a powerful legal blow at the very root of the traffic, of Mason and Dixon's line. It is certainly high time that by adding an amendment to her constitution prohibiting a movement in this direction should be inaugurated. The both the manufacture and sale of all alcoholic liquors for old issues are dead and ought to be laid aside. They are beverages within her borders. This act of the citizens of things of the past and will gradually fade from the recollec Kansas has produced consternation among the liquor men, tion of this generation and will be practically unknown to and inasmuch as they foresaw that the successful enforcethe next, and in no case ought they to be allowed to consti- ment of such an enactment in Kansas would be speedily tute barriers in the future to ecclesiastical unity.

followed by the passage of similar constitutional amendWhat we have said with regard to organic union between ments by other States, they have been doing all that they kindred denominations North and South is still more em could to break down the law, or to render it a dead letter phatically true of such denominations existing in the same upon the statute books, but happily thus far without success. sections of the country. The sub-divisions of Methodists, The legislature of Iowa at its last session voted to submit Presbyterians, and Baptists and other denominations, into a similar constitutional amendment to the people, and the numerous branches, is a source of weakness and constitutes verdict of the citizens of that State on this vital question one chief cause of the slow progress Christianity is making will be rendered before this article will be perused by our in the land. The various sub-divisions of each great de- readers. We most earnestly hope that it will be given on nomination are usually one in doctrine and in polity. Their the side of temperance, and that Iowa will take its place by mission and their aims are assuredly the same. And yet the side of Maine and Kansas in this great issue. By the some minor matter suffices to keep them apart, and thus passage of the Pond Bill and the Smith Sunday-closing divides and weakens the forces of the Christian Church. Bill at its last session, the Ohio legislature gave to the citiPerhaps some small concession in each case would be ne zens of that State two excellent laws for holding in check cessary to secure organic union between the divisions of the traffic in alcoholic liquors. But the Supreme Court of these great bodies, but the results would far more than re that State has unfortunately rendered an adverse decision

as to the Pond Law, declaring it unconstitutional because the Mr. Bancroft has been forty-eight years writing the higConstitution prohibits the licensing of the liquor traffic. We tory of the United States, and has only brought it down to had hoped for a wiser decision on this matter, as a tax im the first president. posed upon a business does not by any means imply the licensing of it. The decision will be productive of good,

An editorial in a recent number of Harper's Bazar begins however, if it only causes the temperance people of Ohio to thus: “There are physiologists who do not hesitate to asrealize that the only effectual method of eradicating the sert that the European races are deteriorating as their civilevil, is by affixing an amendment to their constitution pro ization is crystallizing, and that the deterioration is not seen hibiting both the manufacture and sale of ardent spirits. altogether in the royal families where insanity prevails, and

In no part of the country has the temperance sentiment where intermarriage has been the rule, but in the middle made more rapid progress of late years than in the South. classes and the aristocracy as well, and it is to be ascribed, The foreign element, which is strong and influential, at as much as to anything else, to the constant excitement, least in political circles, in the North, is solidly arrayed more or less, of the brain through the daily use of strong against legislation in favor of temperance, and is one of the beers and wines and spirits by the mothers of the race there." chief hindrances to legal enactments for the suppression of the liquor traffic. In the South the foreign element is small Sir Joseph Hooker, the great botanist, will publish a biand weak, and if the colored people could be brought into ography of Charles Darwin. Mr. Darwin, by the way, was hearty sympathy with the temperance cause, it would be one of the first to favor woman suffrage in England. an easy matter to secure a grand temperance victory. It would not be surprising if the South, in the near future, Will any members of the C. L. S. C. who are willing to would lead the advance in the interests of this great cause. give assistance to students less advanced than themselves, The triumph of the temperance movement is only a ques send their names and addresses to the Plainfield, N. J., oftion of time. The right must prevail. If temperance peo

fice ? There are now recorded about fifty members corple in all sections of the country will only work industri- responding for mutual help, and besides these a number ously, wisely, and unitedly, in due time they will reap the who have volunteered to help, and some who need assistreward which their labor so richly deserves, and this foul ance, but the latter are more than the former. If there are iniquity will be swept from the land.

any others who can and are willing to aid in this way we

shall be glad of their assistance. EDITOR'S NOTE-BOOK.

It was a sad sight to witness the return to our shores of Now is the time to renew your subscrip- the four survivors of the "Jeannette.” Lieutenant J. W. tion to the CHAUTAUQUA ASSEMBLY Daily HER- Danenhower, Mr. Raymond L. Newcomb, Jack Coles, and

Long Sing came back in a pitiable condition. Lieutenant ALD and THE CHAUTAUQUAN. All subscrip- Danenhower has lost the sight of his left eye, and his health tions expire with this number. We do not is broken. Jack Coles is a maniac, recognizing his nearest continue any names on our list without an climbing over icebergs, while his suffering is intense. The

relatives only at intervals. In his delirious moments he is order requesting us to do so. Read our history of this expedition into the arctic regions is an accombination offer on another page.

count of exposure, suffering, and death, and not one good result which commends the undertaking to the approval of

reasonable or humane men. The steamers are now running regularly on Chautauqua Lake, and make connections with all trains at Jamestown,

From the Himalayas to the sea every leading town of Lakewood, and Mayville.

India has given immense audiences to the Rev. Joseph The preachers in France, on the whole most celebrated Cook, who has made forty-two public appearances in India for eloquence of the highest order, are said to be Father

and Ceylon in eighty-four consecutive days. Hyacinthe and Father Monsabre. Father Monsabre is now preaching in the church of Notre Dame. He has openly

Two years ago the types in the ASSEMBLY DAILY HERALD extolled the Holy Inquisition. Father Hyacinthe chal said, “The C. L. 8. C. will march to the camp-fire beyond lenged his successor in the cathedral to a public discussion.

the grave.It should have read, "beyond the grove." There Monsabre consulted his superiors and declined.

is where the C. L. 8. C. camp-fires will be this year—"be

yond the grove." Speaking of Mr. Longfellow's personal appearance and manner, a writer in the Indianapolis Journal says: “His The Crescent, the organ of the Delta Tau Delta college dress was scrupulously tasteful and becoming. His hair fraternity, is issued by the Meadville chapter. It is a and beard, set off against a snowy collar and a coat of black, monthly journal published under the direction of Chapter showed silvery bright, but were in quantity and texture | Alpha, at Allegheny College, and devoted to the interests much thinner and finer than his engravings represent. The of the order which it represents. It is a sixteen page, ably features, too, were not so full and rugged as in his portraits, edited sheet, printed on very heavy paper of the royal purbut were minutely lined by time, and of that peculiar pallor ple and silver grey tint. of complexion that comes only of extreme age. Yet he was wonderfully agile in his movements, and continually shift

The great day at Chautauqua, this year, will be August ing positions-sometimes settling forward, his elbow resting 12. The C. L. S. C. class of '82 will graduate with accomon the table, the head propped restfully in his hand, then paniments of music and eloquence. It will be a high day. suddenly leaning backward, the entire figure assuming an Read Dr. Vincent's programme on another page. air of enviable languor."

We furnish our readers in this number with the course of The Hotel Athenæum, at Chautauqua, approaches com the C. L. S. C. reading and study for 1882-3. It will be a pletion. It will cost $100,000, and it will be one of the best popular course, and it will strengthen the C. L. 8. C. among furnished and best kept public houses in Western New York. the members as well as with scholarly men everywhere.

The Presbyterian Ministerial Association, of Philadelphia, at its meeting on Monday, May 29, adopted unanimously, by a rising vote, the following emphatic sentiments:

"Resolved, That we hail with profound satisfaction the deliverance of the General Assembly at Springfield, on Saturday last, with reference to the existence and spread of unbelief in our land, and the timely and solemn warning on this point administered to the teachers in our Theological Seminaries. The power of the gospel depends largely, under God, upon the young men who come to our pulpits from those Seminaries, and the taint of current Rationalism in their views of the construction of the Bible and its inspiration would paralyze their power for good and make them a curse rather than a blessing to the church."

ested in the cause. The performances of women in examination at Cambridge and elsewhere I look upon as wholly encouraging. The standard by which I should test them is an absolute one, and judged by that, they show work that is intrinsically good and worth doing. I have been surprised at the number of first classes and other distinctions that they have gained. At present there are close upon one hundred and fifty women studying in Cambridge, of whom the majority are reading for honors and examinations."

One of the new men on the Chautauqua programme this year who will receive a cordial welcome is the venerable Dr. Mark Hopkins.

We saw George Francis Train sitting in Madison Square Park, New York, recently on a pleasant day, with a group of happy children gathered about him. He goes out into the park in the morning supplied with roller skates, balls, hoops, jumping ropes, and confectionery for the children, who visit him, and be keeps them busy at play. The little people bring him button-hole bouquets, climb over him, and enjoy the romping greatly. One peculiarity of these occasions is that George refuses to hold conversation with grown up people. The children monopolize his time from day to day, and they are very fond of him.

Mr. Will Carleton, the poet, and his wife, visited Chautauqua with the New York Press Association in June. He lingered about the Lake for several days, sight seeing, and he promised to visit us in August, when Chautauqua is in its glory.

Any desiring information concerning phonography, or During the past year reports have been published in THE desiring to ask questions about classes in phonography CHAUTAUQUAN from a large number of local circles. These this year at Chautauqua, are requested to write to Rev. W. reports have set forth with more or less detail the manner D. Bridge, 718 State Street, New Haven, Conn.

in which the exercises have been conducted and the plans

of work pursued by the different organizations. They show The Rev. Dr. Jesse B. Thomas, of the First Baptist the stimulating effect of unity of labor and the contact of Church, Brooklyn, last week received four calls—to a chair those engaged in the same work. Local circles are unin Crozier Theological Seminary, Pennsylvania; to a chair doubtedly a great help when properly conducted. They aid án Andover Theological Seminary; to the pulpit of a promi in keeping up the interest, and are a constant incentive to nent Baptist church in Rochester; and to the pulpit of the induce the members to be up with the current reading. Seventh Baptist Church, Baltimore. He has declined the They serve to develop the capacities of members, and the first three, and will doubtless also decline the fourth, as he association in study gives a powerful twist in the right is strongly attached to his Brooklyn church, which is one of direction of mental discipline. They are also an inspiration dhe finest in that city. Dr. Thomas will lecture at Chau in communities, and often attract the best talent outside the tauqua this year.

circle to the aid of the C. L. S. C. The thought, however,

should not be lost sight of that the primary object of the The number of aliens who arrived at the port of New York local circle is a place for review of the work and exchange xin May, upon foreign vessels, as shown by the Custom of ideas, rather than a meting for the first study of a subHouse records, was 85,677, as against 78,359 for the same ject. The real, downright work of the members should be period in 1881. The total arrivals since January 1, were done before coming to the circle meeting. It is not a sub227,325, an increase of 39,843 over the first five months of last stitute for individual study, but a supplement to it. There year. On the last day of May 6,000 arrived at New York. are thousands of C. L. S. C. members whose reading is all of those arriving during the month of May, the Germans done without meeting in circles. Those who have the adtake the lead with 30,049; followed by Ireland, with 13,453; vantages of these organizations should not attempt to abate Sweden, 12,481; England, 9,263; Italy, 5,518; Norway, 3,948; one whit of outside personal work. Class recitation of the Austria, 3,073; Denmark, 2,399; Scotland, 2,164; Switzer- pupils in our public schools can no more take the place of land, 1,493; Russia, 1,175; Bohemia, 896; Holland, 849; | individual study than can the exercises of local circles be Hungary, 480; France, 455; Wales, 310; other countries, 861. substituted for that study and persistent reading and think

ing that each member of the C. L. S. C. must do for himself The Rev. C. P. Hard, of Buffalo, secretary of the Chautau- if he would attain to the best results. qua Foreign Missionary Institute, accompanied by his wife, will sail from New York, August 26, for India. Mr. Hard It is estimated that between fifty thousand and sixty thougoes to Southern India to enter upon missionary work, sand children joined in the annual parade in Brooklyn this which he was obliged to leave in 1878 because of failing year. Children in ribbons of every hue, and in the flush of thealth. He will attend the Chautauqua meetings in August. excitement incident to the anniversary of the Sunday-school

Union, darted hither and thither. They poured into the Professor Henry Jackson, Vice-Master of Trinity College, streets so fast after the noon hour that the wonder was where Cambridge, says, concerning university education for wo they all came from, and where so many of them got nurses. men in England: “From the very foundation of the two Lithe little legs, encased in pink, yellow, écru, blue, red, colleges (Girton and Newnham) the movement has been and purple hose, hurried along. Over the public buildings cordially supported by Conservatives as well as by Liberals. floated flags, and from the windows of private houses buntThe all-important report for the admission of women to the ing was suspended. The ringing of the bell in the City Hall degree of examinations for the university was carried by tower at 11 a. m. gave notice to the other bells in the city to three hundred and ninety-eight to thirty-two. We knew ring out a signal that the day was fair, and that therefore beforehand that among the residents there was a large ma the processions would form. There were seven divisions, jority in favor of this report; but the vote taken proved con marching in different parts of the city. Each school first met clusively that all England was sincerely and deeply inter- in its own church, and then marched to some central meet


ing-place, where the songs composed for the occasion were nature is being aided in putting the grove in a beautiful dress, sung and addresses were made. Then a parade over a fixed by the florist and a multitude of workmen of the esthetic line of mareh followed, after which each Sunday-school school. hurried back to its home to feast on ice cream, cake, candy, and fruit.

Members of the C. L. S. C. will have finished their studies

for the present year by the time this number of THE CHAUA great man passed away when Garibaldi died. The fol TAUQUAN is issued. The vacation will bring a welcome lowing shows how he was esteemed by those who were di- respite from study, and to many it will afford a much-needed rectly benefited by his services: “The Standard's corres rest. The C. L. S. C. people on the Pacific coast will assempondent at Rome says the body of Garibaldi lies clothed in ble at Monterey. In Illinois they meet at Lake Bluff; some at a red shirt. The room in which it rests is filled with Loveland, Ohio, and out in Indiana, at Island Park, there are flowers and wreaths. The following is the telegram of con to be camp-fires, lectures, and C. L. S. C. songs (we are sorry dolence to Garibaldi's family sent by King Humbert: 'From we can not respond to the invitation to be there.) Lakeside my youth up my father taught me admiration for Garibaldi. will catch the C.L.S. C. fire as it sweeps eastward, and by the Later I witnessed his heroic acts, and in my family the ad time Chautauqua opens there will be quite a blaze. The day miration and gratitude grew greater. Accept my condo- of days at Chautauqua will be August 12. The Framingham lence, which is shared by the whole Italian nation.' The Assembly, in Massachusetts, will close the series of AssemSwiss National Assembly has passed a resolution express- blies, and then C. L. 8. C. students will hie themselves to ing admiration for the character of Garibaldi, and sympa their books for another year. thy with the Italians at his death. The prefect of Rome has reprimanded the police for neglecting their duties when

The New York Press Association, John A. Hall, of the the office of the clerical newspaper 'Cassandrino was

Jamestown Journal, president, held their annual meeting wrecked because that paper spoke disrespectfully of Gari

in Jamestown, June 7th and 8th, and made an excursion to baldi. The bust of Garibaldi is to be placed beside that of Chautauqua. About three hundred guests were seated for Count Carour in the Italian Chamber of Deputies. M.

dinner in the spacious dining-hall of the new Hotel AtheGambetta has telegraphed to Menotti Garibaldi recalling

A large audience assembled in the Auditorium, his father's services to France in 1870, and adding that the

when Dr. Vincent made an address of welcome, which

elicited much applause. Judge Tourgee, of Philadelphia, gratitude felt by France will make the death of Garibaldi a cause for national mourning. The government of Uru- responded for the press, and then the company went down guay has issued a decree ordering that a solemn funeral

the Lake on the steamer “Jamestown.” It was an interservice be held for Garibaldi, and has instructed its Minis. esting and enjoyable excursion, but if these editors will ter at Rome to send a wreath to Caprera.

visit Chautauqua in August, they will say, "the half has

never been told" of Chautauqua's utility and glory. We send a copy of the CHAUTAUQUA ASSEMBLY HERALD this month to every subscriber of THE CHAUTAUQUAN. It

EDITOR'S TABLE. contains two valuable lectures, and the complete pro

(We solicit questions of interest to the readers of THE CHAUTAUgramme for Chautauqua in July and August, together with

Quan to be answered in this department. Our space does not always a great deal of other valuable information concerning the allow us to answer as rapidly as questions reach us. Any relevant grounds-great days and distinguished lectures. For $1.00 question will receive an answer in its turn.] you can secure it for the Chautauqua season.

Q. Will the names of the graduates of '82 be published,

where can I get them ? Our civilization develops strangely in some directions.

A. They will doubtless be published in the ASSEMBLY One of its best outgrowths is the Christian work done

DAILY HERALD. See publisher's notice in this number of among the foreign populations that are coming to us in

THE CHAUTAUQUAN. Here is a good sign. The Chinese Sunday-school of the People's Baptist Church in New York gave an enter

Q. Is it “out of date” to affix "st” and “th” to the day of

the month in writing, and if so please give the reason for tainment recently, of which the following is a brief report: dropping it? The names make a peculiar and interesting feature of the A. No. It is at the writer's option. Some drop it from report and sound new: "Lung Henry read the 126th habit, or for brevity. Psalm. Kong Gou read the fifteenth chapter of Luke.

Q. Please give a short biographical sketch of Colonel John The class in concert sang a hymn and repeated the Lord's Trumbull, painter of the noted pictures in the Capitol at Prayer, Lee Koon read the Ten Commandments, and Kum Washington. L

A. Born at Lebanon, Conn., in 1756. He entered the then dressed in their native costume, burdened themselves Revolutionary Army, and in 1775 was appointed aid-dewith as many huge pasteboard boxes, and working their camp to Washington. In 1780 he went to London and beway through the throng, smilingly distributed nosegays. came a pupil of the artist, West. Returning to America, More singing and scriptural reading followed, and Ah Gee he soon achieved a reputation as a painter. He labored prayed in Chinese. A final burst of the Chinese instrumental hard and produced many works, ninety-five of which he music closed the entertainment."

presented to Yale College. He died in 186. Messrs. Lee and Shepard, of Boston, Mass., issue a set

Q. Who were the “Seven Sleepers of Ephesus?" of eight books, beautifully illustrated and elegantly bound,

A. Tradition has given them the names, Maximian, entitled, “Oh, Why Should the Spirit of Mortal be proud,"

Malchus, Martinian, Denis, John, Scrapion, and Constan"He Giveth His Beloved Sleep," "Rock of Ages," "Nearer

tine. It is one of the legends of early Christianity. Seven my God to Thee,” “The Breaking Waves Dashed High,'

noble youths of Ephesus, during the Decian persecution, "Hannah Jane," "Abide with me," "Home, Sweet Home.”

fled to a cavern for refuge. They were pursued and walled

in for a cruel death, but falling asleep were miraculously Chautauqua presents unusual attractions this season. The kept for two centuries. The Koran relates the same tale of programme is both substantial and brilliant. It must cost the Seven Sleepers, and says that the sun altered his course more than $15,000. The prospects for a great gathering of twice a day that he might send his light into their cavern. people are flattering. Already they begin to assemble.

Q. After the rebuilding of the temple at Jerusalem, when New cottages are going up, old ones are being repaired, and was it destroyed, and by whom?


and if so,


A. During the final struggle of the Jews against the Ro- posed to be à son of Deucalion and Pyrrha, and father of mans, in the year 70, the temple was the last scene of conflict. Dorus, Æolus, Xuthis. Hellenes was the name afterward Against the will of the Roman commander, Titus, a soldier applied to the whole Greek nation. Helen, celebrated for threw a firebrand into the temple, and the whole structure her beauty, was the daughter of the Spartan king, Tynperished. Its site is now occupied by a splendid mosque.

darus. Her hand was sought by Ulysses, Ajax, Diomedes, Q. What were the Isthmian Games ?

Menelaus, and others of the powerful princes of Greece. A. One of the great national festivals of Greece. They The suitors bound themselves with an oath to submit to the

She selected Menelaus, were celebrated on the Isthmus of Corinth, and consisted of choice which she should make. gymnastics of every sort, boxing, wrestling, racing, and also from whom she was abducted by Paris. On this account contests in poetry and music. Sisyphus is said to have es

the Greeks declared war against Troy. She is said to have tablished them in honor of Neptune and Palæmon.

been put to death by Polyxo, Queen of Rhodes. Q. Where is the Lithuanian language spoken ?

Q. What is the etymology of the word Fenian? A. In Lithuania proper, in parts of East Prussia, and in

A. Finians, or Fenii, the old militia of Ireland, so called Samogitia. Schleier, Bopp and others, have established its

from Fin, or Finn, or Fingal, a traditional Irish hero. affinity to the Sanskrit, and relation to other languages. Q. In “Questions for Further Study," October CHAUTAU

QUAN, page 50, it is asked, “Why was painting and sculpQ. Where is the mausoleum erected by Artemisia? and

ture forbidden the Jews ?". Is not this an assumption that where the statue of Jupiter Olympus? Are they in a good

these were forbidden? Where is there any authority for state of preservation?

even the supposition ? A. The mausoleum was at Halicarnassus, in ancient

A. Read the second commandment of the Decalogue. Caria. The statue was at Olympia, where was the sacred

Q. Are there such animals as mermaids; if not, how did grove. It was a plain of Elis, near the town of Pisa. The

the word derive its origin? former was buried under the débris of the ages, but has been

A. The animal exists only in fable. Mr. Barnum, some unearthed in fragments, which are in most part in the Brit

years ago, advertised one as among the wonders of his muish Museum. The latter was removed by the emperor seum, but when dissected it turned out to be upper half Nicodosius I to Constantinople, where it was destroyed by monkey and lower half fish, joined together by man's hand. fire in A. D. 475.

The word is from the French mer, sea, and maid, sea-maid. Q. Who are the Zuni Indians and where do they live? Q. Where can I get information as to silk worms and silk

A. They are one of the largest of the Pueblo nations, and culture? inhabit Western New Mexico. For an interesting and in A. Write to the Woman's Silk Culture Association, Philstructive account of them see lecture by F. H. Cushing in adelphia. Popular Science Monthly of June.

Q. Can you give any rule for the pronunciation of the Q. Where will I find Socrates' discussions on the immor

word "blessed" when used in different connections? In the tality of man?

sentence, “He shall be blessed upon the earth,”

we pro

nounce it in one syllable, but in the following, Blessed are A. Socrates himself wrote nothing. His discussions are to


A. The difference in pronunciation depends on whether Q. Is not Irving's life of Washington the best?

the word is used as adjective or verb. A. Among the excellent lives by Irving, Marshall and

Q. Will THE CHAUTAUQUAN please inform me when or Jared Sparks it is difficult to pronounce which is best. The by whom the “round towers of Ireland” were built, or, charm of Irving's style would recommend it to many read where in the American Encyclopedia I can find something ers above the others. That by Sparks is the most complete,

concerning them? including Washington's correspondence, addresses, mes

A. The round towers of Ireland have been the subject of endless conjecture and speculation among antiquarians, who

have connected them with pagan times and pagan rites. Q. Whose life of Lincoln and of Garfield shall we buy?

But it is now thought there can be no doubt that they are A. There is no better life of Lincoln than that by Dr. J.

the work of Christian architects, and built for religious purG. Holland. The student should supplement it by H. J.

poses. There are one hundred and eighteen still standing Raymond's"Life and Administration of President Lincoln,"

in Ireland. A short account of them may be found in the Greeley's "American Conflict,” and Mrs. Stowe's eloquent

American Cyclopedia, Vov. IX, page 355. tribute to Lincoln in "Men of Our Times." Of Garfield, Hinsdale and Ridpath should both be read.

Q. Will you please give me some information as to where The best work is yet to be published.

the "Chautauqua Library of English History and Litera

ture'' is to be obtained ? Q. What school for young ladies can you recommend, not A. Phillips & Hunt, 805 Broadway, New York. denominational, yet of strong religious influence, and not

Q. Do D. Appleton & Co. still publish Dickens's Works, too expensive for one of limited means?

cheap edition, paper cover? What is the price? A. We regret that our limited acquaintance with schools

A. Yes. Nineteen vols., 12mo. Prices vary from 15 to of the above description renders us unable to recommend

35 cents each. Price of set, $5.55. any one in particular. The truth is such schools are not

Q. Will you inform me through the Editor's Table what numerous. Inexpensive religious schools are the result of countries, islands, etc., belong to the British Empire ? the fostering care of a religious denomination. We do not

A. IN EUROPE: The United Kingdom of Great Britain know of any outside. The question is referred to our read

and Ireland, with the adjacent islands, the Shetlands, Orkers for answer.

neys, Hebrides, Scillies, Man, Channel Islands, and Isle of Q. How pronounce the words Pierre and Faneuil ? Wight; Heligoland, Gibraltar, and Malta. A. Pē-air, Făn-el.

IN ASIA: British India, Ceylon, Singapore, Hong Kong,

and Aden. Q. Can a citizen of Washington vote at a presidential

IN AFRICA: election?

Cape Colony, Port Natal, Sierra Leone,

Gambia, Gold Coast Settlements, Mauritius, St. Helena, A. He can not.

and Ascension. Q. Will you please give some information in your next

IN AMERICA: Dominion of Canada, Newfoundland, number about Hellen, from whom it is said the Hellenes

Prince Edward Island, Bermudas, West India Islands, descended, and also of Helen, wife of a king of Sparta?

British Honduras, British Guiana, and Falkland Islands. A. Hellen, the mythical ancestor of the Greeks, was sup

IN AUSTRALASIA: Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, Labuan, and Sarawak.

be found in the works of his disciples, Plato and Xenophon. Thamehe Lieference Propeunce it in two syllables.

sages, etc.

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