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Fr. Æqmvoquer ; Sp.


The oblects of mercy themselves will be present, and will E/QUIVOKE, v.

Tresham a little before his death in the Tower subscrlbed with pleasure discover the blessed hands that relieved them;

Equi'vocate, v. Equivocar; It. Équivocare, his own hand, that he had not seen Garnett in sixteen year ror shall their testimony be wanting, when the judge of the

before, when it was evidently proved, and Garnett confessed

Equi'vocacy. from æquè,androcare, when world doth, as it were, point and appal to them in the

they liad been together the summer before; and all that throng, as evidences of the equily of that sentence he is then EQur'VOCATING, N. by one word (ione voce) Garnett had to say for him was, that he supposed he meant about to pronounce : Inasmuch as ye have done it to one of


various things are signi. to equivocate. -Slillingfiert, vol. ii. Ser. 2. the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.

Equr'VOCALLY. fied; and thus the specific

And hence we see that there is least use of distinctiong
Afterbury, vol. ij. Ser. 5.

where there is most knowledge; I mean in mathematicks, meaning becomes

where men have determined ideas with known names to If this passage be compared with the preceding letters and

Equi'VOCANT. biguous.

them; and so there being no room for equivocations, there Instructions, all equitable men may judge whether the king

EQUIVOCATION, To speak ambiguously ; is no need of distinctions.-Locke. IIum. Underst. 930. did not pass sentence against himself, and absolve the high court of justice.-Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. iii. p. 262.

use ambiguous lan-

I know well enough how equivocal a test this kind of

popular opinion forms of the merit that obtained it (publick The law of Moses did allow of retaliation in case of real guage; to use or employ words of ambiguous or injuries, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth; and so by an doubtful significance, that may be variously or confidence.)Burke. Letter to a Noble Lord.

As to the second, that Moses's ignorance made him incaequitable construction of the law, it may extend to personal diversely interpreted. affronts. Stillingfleet, vol. iv. Ser. 7.

Equivoke, Bullokar and Cockeram both have, pable of founding a good religion, it receives all its strength

from an equivocation in the term, good; and a misrepresen“ when one word signifieth the same things.” tation of the nature of the Mosaic history. Prom this method of interpreting laws, by the reason of them, arises what we call equity, which is thus defined by Equivocal words are also equal words, words of

Warburton. Divine Leyation, b. iii. App. Gro‘ius, “the correction of that wherin the law (by reason equal meaning.

ER, also written, Or, Our; the termination of its universality) is deficient."-Bluckstone. Comm. Intr. Equivocal generation, also called spontaneous;

of nouns in Latin and English, and (er) of comBehold my gage ; uncertain, unascertained.

paratives in English, seems to be the A. S. Ær, I wait for justice.

Wherefore mokell folke saine, if a reasonable creature's the front; in time or space; the person so being ; King, Justice shalt thou haveNor shall an equitable claim depend

soule, any thing feruently wilneth, affectuously he wilneth ;

and thus may wil by terme of equivocas, in the waies been the prime person or agent (Lat. Her-us ; Gr On such precarious issue.-Smollet. Regicide, Act iv. sc.9.

vnderstand.-Chaucer. The Testament of Loue, b. iii. Hp-ws); in comparison denoting precedence, priNow, say the objectors, had the law concealed a future Now wold these heretikes blynde vs with theyr equiuoca-ority, &c. See ARE, Ere, and EARL. state from the Jews, it is plain they were not equilably dealt cion.-Sir T. More. Workes, p. 266.

E'RA, or as more usually written, Era. Lat. with, since they were to be judged in a future state. Wurburton. The Divine Legation, b. i. s. 4. Thou hast no proper father of thine own,

Æra, of uncertain etymology. Joseph Scaliger But art a bastard got by th' tov:),

thinks that Æra was used for Number, (pro nu. EQUIVALENT, adj.

By equivoque generation.--Brome. Against Corrupted Sack.
Fr. Equivalent ; It.

mero.) See Vossius. Perhaps the Goth. Air ; Equi'VALENT, N.

I know your equivocks,
and Sp. Equivalente ;
You are growne the better fathers of 'hem o'late.

A.S. Er. See Are, and Ere.
Equi'VALENCE, n.
(q.d.) æque valens.
B. Jonson. The Devil is an Asse, Act iii. sc. 1.

An Era is an indefinite series of years beginning EQUIVALENCE, v.

Lat. Val-ere, from the EQUI'VALENCY.

Kin. As thou art a knaue and no knaue, what an equivo- from some known Epoch, with which last word it Gr. OUA-ETV (the v call companion is this!

is often used synonimously. Equi'vALENTLY. pretixed;) and oud- Shakespeare. All's Well that End's Well, Act v. sc. 3.

I encline to this opinion, that from the evening ushering ELD, from the lonic Ovh-os, for óx-os, integer, sanus, But if this fear be instanc'd in a matter of religion, it will in the first day of the world, to that midnight which began whole, sound.

be apt to multiply eternal scruples, and they are equivocal the first day of the Christian era, there was 4003 years, Equally firm or strong, powerful, efficacious ; ) mies to piety and a wise religion. effects of a good meaning, but are proper and univocal ene-seventy dayes, and six temporarie houres; and that the true

nativity of our Saviour was full four years before the beequally valuable.

Bp. Taylor. Of Repentance, c. 1. 8. 2 ginning of the vulgar Christian æra, as is demonstrable by

the time of Herod's death. His termes of like force, and meaninge, which he calleth Whatsoever pretends to be a service of God in an uncom

Usher. Annals. The Episilt lo the Reader. equiualent, must need importe thus mutche.

manded instance, by being the specification of a general Jewell. A Replie to M. Hardinge, p. 302.

command, or the instance of a grace, must be naturally and For learned men are not all agreed in the fixing of the

univocally such, tot equivocally and by pretension only. true time of Christ's incarnation, some placing it two years, But when he waveth the fault, and recompence,

Id. Rule of Conscience, b. ii. c. 3. and some four years before the vulgar ara. He dampneth t..is his dede and fyndeth playne

Frideaux. Connection, vol. i. Pref. p. ii. Yea, and an answere by oracle later than these before Atwene them two no whitt equiualence.-Wyatt, Ps. 51. cited, which verely was true, but no less anbiguous and Ne bloody rumours violate the ear, No fair to thine

equivocant, Aio te, Æacide, Romanos vincere posse, i. I say, Of cities sack'd and kingdoms desolate, Equiralerr! or second, which compel'd thyself Æacides the Romans vanquish may.

With plague or sword, with pestilence or war,
Me thus, though importune perhaps, to come

Holland. Ammianus, p. 224 Ne rueful murder stain thy era-date.
And gaze, and worship thee of right declar'a
For these Jesuits, they indeed make no vow of speaking

Thompson. An Hymn to May. Sovran of creatures, universal dame.

truth, and yet even this equivocating and lying is a kind of E-RA'DIATE, v. Lat. e, and rudius, from Millon. Paradise Lost, b.ix. unchastity against which they vow and promise.


State Trials. Henry Garnet, an. 1606. thence transferred to other things which resemble Whether the sin of our first parents were the greatest of any since, whether the transgression of Eve seducing, did

So then our equivocation is not to maintain lying, but to not exceed that of Adam seduced, or whether the resistibi

defend the use of certain propositions ; for a man may be longitudinem viry@, (the length of the rod,) and lity of his reason did not equiralence the facility of her

asked of one who hath no authority to interrogate, or exa- among these, to the lines which the sun throws reduction, we shail refer to the schoolmen.

mine concerning something which belongeth not to his forth or emits. See IRRADIATE.
Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. i. c. 1.
cognizance who asketh, as what a man thinketh, &c. So

To throw forth, eject or emit, (sc.) like rays then no man may equivucate, when he ought to tell the But there are yet three ways more by which single acts do truth, otherwise he may.-12. Ib

from the sun. become habits by equivalency and moral value, and are here to be considered accordingly.

My question is, where have you hope of reconciliation ? A kind of life eradiating and resulting both from intellect except only in equivocation of name.

and Psyche.-Mure. Notes on Psychozua.
Bp. Taylor. On Repentance, c. 4, s. 3.
Dreylon. Poly-Olbion, s. 13. Selden's Illustrations.

He first supposeth some eradiation and emanation of I have translated divers passages rendering the words Ham. How absolute the knaue is ? we must speake by spirit, or secret quality, or whatsoever, to be directed from lirte, sons, and many others of known signification in France, the carde, or equiuocation will vndoe vs.

our bodies to the blood dropped from it. into their equivalent sense, that I may the better be under

Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act v. sc. 1.

Hale. Remains, p. 288. stood by my English readers.-Guardian, No. 52.

Faith-here's an equiuocator, that could swear in both the E-RA’DICATE, v. Lat. Eradicare, (e, and For, in the first place, in recompence for the expence to

scales against eyther scale, who committed treason enough ERADICA'TION. radix, radicis, the root.) which this (the continuance of this work) will put my for God's sake, yet could not equirocate to heauen: oh, come

ErA'NICATING, n. To pluck up the readers: it is to be hoped they may receive from every in equirocator.-Id. Macbeth, Act ii. sc. 3.


Era’DICATIVE, adj. to root out. paper so much instruction, as will be a very good equivalent. The second ranke is of lyars, aquivocators, as Apollo

The Lat.

ErA'DICATIVF, n. Radir, Vossius thinks, Spectator, No. 445. Pythius, and the like.-Burton. Anat. of Melancholy, p. 44.

is from the Gr. 'Paolt, a branch; nor is he deOf all our many necessities, none can be supplied without

It is so evident, that all animals, yes and vegetables too: terred by the difference of usage: for as the pains, wherein all men are obliged to bear a share ; every owe their production to parent animals and vegetables, that man is to work for his food, for his apparel, for all his ac- I havr osten admired at the sloth and prejudice, of the upper part of the tree spreads itself in branches, commodations, either immediately and directly, or by com- ancient philosophers in so easily taking upon trust the Aris- so the lower disperses in fibres (quasi ramulis) mutation and equivalence.—Barrow, vol. iii. Ser. 18.

totelian, or rather the Egyptian doctrine of equivocal gene- | through the earth.

ration.-Derham. Phys. Theol b. iv. c. 15. Note. We do by this practice, not only expose ourselves to cen

To root up or out; to pluck or tear up by the fure, but implicitly, and according to ready consequence,

These sorts of faith are in comparison to that we speak of do press it upon ourselves, seeing we seldom, in kind or

but cquirocally so called: it includes a firm resolution to roots; to destroy utterly; to extern.inate.

perform carefully all the duties enjoyned to Christians, to Since I must now eradicate the flame, equiralen!ly, are ourselves clear of that which we charge apon others. Id. vol. i Ser. 20.

undergo patiently all the crosses incident to Christianity, Which, seeing you, love in my bosome placid,

Barrow, vol. ii. Ser. 4.

And the desires, which thius long could asi,

Kindled so well, and nourishi'd in the same. This inferior state of well being requires, either that we

The equivocalness of the title gave a handle to those that should be totally exempt from pain, and all corporeal or came after to understand it of a form of faith, composed by

Coiton, Sonnel, out of Astrea. mental sufferings; or that we continue in the possession of Athanasius; just as the equirocal title of the Apostolical The third affirmeth the roots of mandrakes do make a soine good that is more than an equivalent, and is capable, given to the Roman creed occasioned the mistake about its

noise, or give a shreek upon eradicatiun; which is indeed in some way or other, of indemnifying us for all that we being made by the Apostles,

ridiculous and false, below confute. suffer, or may have suffereit. | Waterland. Critical llist. of the Athanasian Creed, c. 8.

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c 6. Cogan. Ethical Treatise. On the Passione, Disc. 3. $2. " Then," said the Hind, “as you the matter state,

The first work, therefore, that a man must do, to mako You may think it dear of the postage, which may amouri Not only Jesuits can equivocate:

himself capable of the good of solitude, is, the very eradicato four or five shillings. However, I fear you will not tind For real, as you now the word expound,

tion of all lusts; for how is it possible for a man to enjoy an equiralence of amusement.

From solid substance dwindles to a sound."

himself, while his affectionis are tied to things without binDr. Gulds quith. To the Rer, H. Goidsmith.

Dryden. The llind and the Panther. self?-Cowlty. Ess. OJ Solitude.

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Which case, because it seldom or never falls out to agree
In all circumstances, with the case of any other sinful people, at defiance with one or other, he made such shiftes for
A great quarreller and fray maker, glad when he may he When eager for the course each nerve he strains,

Hangs on the bit, and tugs the stubborn reins, cannot lawfully prescribe to the eradicaling of any other money ere-now, that I maruaile how he hath liued till this At every shout erects his quivering ears, (though in our opinion never so great) enemies of God, day.---Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorique, p. 95.

And his broad breast upon the barrier bears. until it appear as demonstrably to us, as it did to those Israelites, that it was the will of God they should be so dealt

Rowe. Lucan, b. From his pavillion, where he sat in state, with.-llammond. Works, vol. iv. p. 539.

Arnd for the siege, and buckling on his shield,

Our Panther, though like these she changed her head, B:ave Henry sends his herald to the gate,

Yet as the mistress of a monarch's bed, Whereas no kind of institution will be sufficient to eradi. By trumpet's sound to summon them to yield,

Her front erect with majesty she bore, cate these natural notions out of the minds of men.

And to accept his mercy, ere too late.

The crosier wielded, and the mitre wore.
Wilkins. Natural Religion, b. i. c. 4.

Drayton. The Battle of Agir.court.

Dryden. The Hind and the Panther. It usually begins to work early, and does it without

Should we defer it,

Whereas the other was to be diffused throughout the causing near so much straining as vulgar emetics; and yet

I think ere-long, he will believe, and strongly

world, and to endure together with it; that is, to be, indeed, makes copious evacuations, eradicatire of the morbific mat- The Dauphin is not worthy of her.

what we find it not long after its first erection styled, the ter. --Boyle Works, vol. v. p. 386.

Massinger. The Unnatural Combat, Act iii. sc. 2. Catholic Church.-Atterbury, vol. i. Ser. 4.
Thus sometimes eradicatives are omitted, in the beginning
Then when I am thy captive talk of chaines,

Round her throne, requisite; as in violent motions of the matter; specially to

Proud limitarie Cherub, but ere-then

Erected in the bosom of the just,
the more noble parts; then, how absurd to rest in lenitives.
Par heavier load thyself expect to feel

Each Virtue, listed, forms her manly guard.
Whitlock. Manners of the English, p. 88.
From my prevailing arm.-Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iv.

Young. The Complaint, Night 8. And it were highly to be wished, that legislative power

It cannot be

By an unanimous vote of the court (of Directors of the would thus direct the law rather to reformation than seve

But that success attends him; if mishap,

East India Company) it was resolved, that a monument to rity. That it would seem convinced that the work of eradi

Ere-this he had return'd, with fury driv'n

his (Sir William Jones) memory should be ordered, for the caling crimes is not by making punishments familiar, but

By his avengers.

Id. Ib. b. X.

purpose of being erected in Saint Paul's Cathedral, with a formidable.--Goldsmith. Vicar of Wakefield, c. 27.

And fabled, how the Serpent, whom they callid

suitable inscription, and that a statue of Sir William Jones Ophion, with Eurynome, the wide

should be prepared at the expence of the Company, and sent Hence an attempt to eradicate religious fears, may be de- Encroaching Eve, perhaps, had first the rule,

to Bengal with directions for its being placed in a proper structive to a principle of action, which is not only natural Of High Olympus, thence by Saturn driv'n

situation there.-Life of Sir W. Jones, by Lord Teignmouth. in itself, but has proved highly beneficial. What is the And Ops, ere-yet Dictæan Jove was born.--Id. lb. proper inference! That it is the province of true philosophy

The only measure that can be of any essential service, is to give these principles a right direction, and a due influ.

For, since the red crosse knight he erst did weet the erection of several spacious parish churches, capable of ence, and it will then rejoice that a total eradication has not

To been with Guyon knit in one consent,

receiving very large congregations, and affording decent acbeen accomplished.

The ill which earst to him, he now to Guyon meant. commodations for the lower and inferior, as well as the Cogan. Elhical Treatise. On the Passions, Dis. 3.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 3. higher, orders of the people.--- Porteus, vol. i. Lect. 8. (Note.)

Those thick and clammy vapours which erst-whileascended ERA'SE, v.) Lat. Erad-ere, asum, to scrape in such vast measures

, and had filled the vault of heaven

E/REMITE. Lat. Eremita ; Gr. Epnuit), ERA'SURE. rout. with smoak and darkness, must at length obey the laws of

EREMITICAL. from Epnuos, a desert. To scrape out, to scratch out; to rub out, to showers, and mingie with the subsiding ashes, which will their nature and gravity, and so descend again in abundant


Fr. Ermite ; one (says obliterate.

E'REMITAGE. Cotgrave) that liveth in a deconstitute a mudd vegetative and fertile. Erased, in Heraldry, signifies any bearing vio

A Hermit.

Glanvill. Pre-existence Souls, c. 14. lently torn off, in contradistinction to couped, which means cleanly cut off. Now were the fields overspread with the bodies of slain

And ermytes and monckes of other studes bysyde men, and strewed thick with armour, ere-while so brave

Bede God, that the Brutons the maystrye moste bytyde. Dragg'd out through straiter holes by th' ears, and glorious.-Holland. Livius, p. 344.

R. Gloucester, p. 235.
Erand, or coup'd for perjurers.--Hudibras, pt. iii. c. 3.
He pensive oft reviews the mighty dead,

In abit az an ermite. unholy of workes
That erst have trod this desolated ground;

That wente fortlic in the world.--Piers Plouhman, p. 1. A king is erer surrounded by a crowd of infamous nat- Reflects how here unhappy Sal'sbury bled, terers, who find their account by keeping him from the least When faction aim'd the death-dispensing wound.

Au eremite in Italie, professing a maruailous straight life, light of reason, till all ideas of rectitude and justice are

and eschewing the citie, dwelt in a deserte, where he made

Langhorn. Written among the Ruins of Pontefract Castle. erased from his mind.

him selfe a caue, wrought by his owne hands with spade Burke. A Vindication of Natural Society. I who ere-while have worn the chain

and shouell., Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorique, p. 152.

Of many a fair-one for a day,
The most degenerate and horrid practice among the an-
Then flung the flowery band away,

Thou Spirit who ledst this glorious eremite
cients, of exposing infants, was universal; and had almost
Am now involv'd and fetter'd fast

Into the desert, his victorious field erased morality from the minds of the best instructed, and In links that will for ever last.

Against the spiritual foe, and broughtst him thence instinct from the breasts of the most tenderly affected.

Fawkes. Odes of Anacreon. The Dream, Ode 45.

By proof the undoubted Son of God, inspire,
Warburton. The Divine Legation, b. ii. S. 4.

As thou art wont, my prompted song else mute.
ERE/CT, v. Fr. Eriger ; It. Ergere, eriya

Milton. Paradise Regained, b. i. Habit, therefore, previously formed, would for some time

ere ;

Ere'ct, adj. preserve a respect for the records of the ancient church,

Lat. Erigere, (e, and An old physician had in his custody a leaden box, which when the pure religion was forsaken. And while this habit

ERE'CTING, N. regere,) to rule or order. as he aflirmed, was found in the ruins of an old eremitage, operated, fear would prevent any corruptions of them by ERE'CTION. To set upright, to rise or

as it was a repairing.–Skelton. Don Quixote, p. 136. wilsul mutilation, changes, or erasures.

ERE'CTNess. raise upright; to set up, to lift Saint Bertilin was a Britton of a noble birth; and led an
Horsley. Diss. on Prophesies of the Messiah.

eremiticall life in the woods near Stafford.
up, to raise or elevate.

Fuller. Worthies. Staffordshire, ERE. Goth. Air; A. S. Ær, prius, dudum,

And saw wel that the shadow of every tree ERST. $ first, before. (See Er, and ARE.) Was as in lengthe of the same quantitee

So much, as doing good, is better than not doing evill, A. S. Ærista, primus. Junius says, that ær was That was the body erect, that caused it,

will I account Christian good fellowship better than an ere

milish and melancholike solitariness. formerly applied to the morning; that is, the And therfore by the shadow he toke his wit.

Bp. Hall. Meditations & Vows, Cont. 1. beginning or anterior part of the day; and was

Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Prologue, v. 4429. afterwards extended to any other precedent or Now there is no building of pillars, no erecting of arches,

More blest the life of godly cremite,
antecedent time.
no blasing of armes, that doth more set forth a man's name,

Such as on lonely Athos may be seen,
then doth the encrease of children.

Watching at eve upon the giant height.
Ere is used prefixcd, as ere-long, ere-now.

Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorique, p. 46.

Byron. Chike Harold, c. 2. s. 27. Erst is, Er-est. See Est.

The trifoile, against raine, swelleth in the stalk; and so Here with a few companions he revived or augmented the The Kyng Egbrygt adde ybe kyng thre and thrytty ger,

standeth more upright ; for by wet, stalkes doe erect; and primitive austerity of the Benedictine order, intermixed That folc of Denemarch hyder com, as yt adde ydo er. leaves bow downe.- Bacon. Naturall History, s. 827. with its rule some portion of the eremitical life, and laid the

foundation of the congregation called, from its principal R. Gloucester, p. 259. Then, Fortune, thou art guilty of his deed,

monastery, Camaldulensis or Camaldolese. That didst his state above his hopes erect; Ich seyh nevr palmē. with pyk ne with shrippe

Eustace. Classical Tour through Italy, vol. iii. c. 11. And thou must bear the blame of his great sin, Asken after hym er now. Piers Plouhman, p. 120. That left'st him worse than when he did begin.

E'RIACH. The examples

Daniel. Civil Wars, b. i. Er it was day, as she was wont to do,

E'RIC. Sword.
She was arisen, and all redy dight.

Whose first part may be true; if we take erectness strictly,
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1043.
and so as Galen hath defined it, for they onely, saith he,

As, for example, in the case of murder, the Brehon, that have an erect figure, whose spine and thigh bone are carried

is their judge, will compound between the murderer and the And therfore wold I maken you disport

in right lines; and so indeed of any we yet know man onely friends of the party murdered, which prosecute the action. As I said erst, and don you some comfort. is erect. --Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iv. c. 1.

that the malefactor shall give unto them, or to the child, or Id. The Prologue, v. 778. As for the end of this erection, to look up toward heaven;

wife of him that is slain, a recompence, which they call an Valerian gan fast unto hire swere, though confirmed by several testimonies, and the Greek

eriach.-Spenser. View of the State of Ireland. That for no cas, ne thing that mighte be,

etymologie of man, it is not so readily to be admitted. He shulde never to non be wraien here;

The Irish, who never had any connections with the Ger

Id. Ib. Aud then at erst thus to him saide she.

man nations, adopted the same practice till very lately; and Id. The Second Nonnes Tale, v. 15,619. This was in the yeare after the birth of our Sauiour 203, the price of a man's head was called among them his eric ; from the creation of the world 4170, and after the first erec

as we learn from Sir John Davis. In harte I waxt so wonder gaie tion of the Scotish kingdome 330.

Hume. Hist. of England, vol. i. p. 220. App. 1, That I was neuer erst, er that daie

Holinshed. Scotland, an. 203. So jolife, nor so wei bego,


Fr. Ermine, upon which Sir Ne mery in harte, as I was tho.--Id. Rom. of the Rose. Por birds, they generally carry their heads erectly like


Philip Sidney bestows the exman, and have advantage in their upper ere-lid. And the colour, whiche erste was pale

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iv. c. 1.


pressive epithet of Hatespor, To beautee than was restored. --Gouer. Con. A. b. vii.

See EMERLIN. We see this in Roboam s young councellors, who were not That gappe haue I stopped already that he shall sticke only the mediate instruments of rendering the kingdome, Kay, Kyng of Aunges, a thonsend knygtes nome still at a stake and reste his bones in the bushes ere euer

but also m some relation, were the crectors of Jeroboam's Of noble men, yclothed in ermyne echone. he geat out there.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 528. Calves.--Mountayue. Devoule Essayes, pt. i. Treat. 9. 8. 2.

R. Gloucester, p. 191.

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Two mantels, vnto hem were brought

to go astray; to rove, to ramble, to wander, to As knots, by the conflux of meeting sap,
Fret with pearle, and rich stones wrought
mistake, to mislead, to transgress.

Infect the sound pine, and dinerte his graine
Of cloth of gold, and violet crimsin

Tortiue and errant from his course of growth.
Full richly furred with ermin.
Errant, is, wandering, rambling, roving about;

Shakespeare. Troil. & Cress, Act I. a .
Lidyule. The Story of Thebes, pt. ii. travelling about; itinerant, vagrant; and thus,

Now she deuis'd amongst the warlike route
The men of Rutland, to them marching nigh,

shameless, profligate, wicked, incorrigible, as a Of errant knights, to seeke her errant knight;
Ia their rich ensigu bear an ermin ram.
vagrant. See ARRANT.

And then againe resolv'd to hunt him out
Druylon. The Battle of Agincourt.

Amongst loose ladies, lapped in delight.
The pape of ther erroure had fulle grete pite,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 6.
On the first day of which parlement, the lord deputie, re-

He sent to ther socoure tuo legates ouer the se. presenting bir maiesties person, was conducted and attended

Our champion takes the alarm, and catches at his sword

R. Brunne, p. 211. in most honorable manner into Christes Church, and from

to assault the lady, contrary to all the rules of knight thense ynto the parlement house: where he sat vnder the But for I am a lewed man, paraunter I myghte

errantry.-Glanvill. Witchcraft, p. 128. cloth of estate, being apparelled in the princelie robes of Passen par aduenture, and in some poynt erren.

And therefore come not forth in generations erratical, (in crimson veluet doubled or lined with ermin.

Piers Plouhman. Crede.
Holinshed. Ireland, an. 1568.

some ed. erratically) or different from each other. What semeth to you, if thir weren to a man an hundrid

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 6.
And on his shield erueloped seuenfold
scheep and oon of hem hath errid, wher he schal not leve

Y are now transcrib'd, and publicke view
He bore a crowned little ermilin,
ninty and nyne in desest, and schal go to feche that that

Pursuing finds the copy true,
That deckt the azure field with her faire pouldred skin. erride.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 18.

Without erratas new crept in
Spenser. Facrie Queene, b. iii. c. 2.
Jhesus answeride and saide to hem, Ye erren, not know-

Fully compleat and genuine.-Cartwright. To Mr. W. B.
Fair yokes of ermilines, whose colours pass
ynge the Scripturis ne the vertue of God.-Id. ib. c. 22.

An erroneous conscience commands us to do what wo
The whitest snows on aged Grampius' face,
More swift than Venus' birds this chariot guided
Right so betwix a titleles tiraunt

ought to omit; or to omit what we ought to do, or to do it

otherwise than we should.
To the astonish'd bank.--Drummond. Sonnets, pt. i. s. 13.

And an outlawe, or else a thefe erraunt,
The same, I say, ther is no difference.

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. i. c. 3. Rule 1.
Should a monkey wear a crown,

Chaucer. The Manciples Tale, v. 17,173.

Yea, this sincerity of life though severed from true pro-
Must I tremble at his frown?
Could I not through all his ermine,

And there he saw, with ful auisement

fession, did seem such a jewel in the eyes of some of the Spy the strutting, chattering vermin.

The erratike sterres, herkening armony

ancient fathers, that their opinion was, and so have they in Swift. To a Lady, (1726.) With sownes ful of heuines melody.-10. Troilus, b. v.

their writings (erroneously doubtless) yet have they testi

fied it, that God hath in store for such men not only this Self-flattering sex! your hearts believe in vain

Trewly al were it but to shend erroninus opinions, I may mitigating mercy of which but now I spoke, but even saving
That Love shall blind, when once he fires the swain;
it no lenger suffer.-ld. The Testament of Loue, b. ii. grace so far forth as to make them possessors of his kingdom.

Hales. Rem. Ser. Rom. xix. i.
Or hope a lover by your faults to win,
As spots on ernsine beautify the skin.
Youre conseil as in this cas ne shuide not (as to speke

Vntill that Brutus antiently deriu'd
Collins. Oriental Eclogues, Ecl. 1. proprely), be called a conseilling, but a motion, or a meving
of folie, in which conseil ye han erred in many a sondry

From royall stock of old Assarac's line,

Driuen by fatall errour, heere arriu'd,
Fur gown, gold chain, or regal robe,
wise.--Id. The Tale of Melibeus.

And them of their vniust possessions depriued.
Which rules, in ermind state the globe.
Whitehead. The Goat's Beard.
O wery gost, that errest to and fro,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. ii. c. 10.
Why nilt thou flien out of the wofullest
For, brandishing the rod, she doth begin

Errours of themselves are infirmities of the understand-
Body, that euer might on ground go ?---Id. Troilus, b. iii.
To loose the brogues, the stripling's late delight!

ing, and not enormities of the will : for no man is willing to And down they drop; appears the dainty skin,

Enuie, which is loveles,

be deceived: so that they ought not to be the objects of our Fair as the furry-coat of whitest ermilin.

And pride, which is laweles,

hatred, but our pity.--Glanvill, Ser. 2. Shenstone. The School-mistress. With such tempestes maue hym erre,

Gower. Con. A. b. ii.

I know it is doubted, whether a bare error in judgment ERODE, v. 2

can condemn : but since truths absolutely necessary to salLat. Erodere ; e, and rod-ere, v

vation are so clearly revealed, that we cannot err in them, Erosion, I to gnaw. “ Fr. Eroder,

Where lawe failleth, errour groweth, to

He is not wise, who that ne troweth.-Id. Ib. Prol. unless we be notoriously wanting to ourselves; herein the gnaw off or about; to eat into.”

fault of the judgment is resolved into a precedent default in It hath been antiently received, that the sea hare (air) to saye, thus it is, and neade neuer to shew any cause or But surely they are in good case, for it is ynough for them the will : and so the case is put out of doubt.

South, vol. i. Ser. 3. hath an antipathy with the lungs, (if it commeth neer the

reason why they so say, for they are the churche and cannot body,) and erodeth them.-Bacon. Naturall History, s. 983.

If you miscarry, you are lost so far erre: so that yf they teache contrary thinges, yet al is good

(For there's no erring twice in love and war)
This affects ulcers of ill condition, where the membranes ynough.-4 Boke made by John Fryth, fol. 67.

You'll ne'er recover, but must always wear
and tendons are eroded. - Wiseman. Surgery, b. ft. c. 1.
Now his felowes can say, and taught that errand traitour

Those chains you'll find it difficult to bear.

Pomfret. Love Triumphant over Reason. If that erosion be with jagged and callous lips, it is at least Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, upon the scaffolde, hopvirulent.Id. Ib.

ing on pardo of life, to declare upon his unlearned learning, A generous disdain and reflection, upon how little he de

and cõbred conscyence, that the truthe hath bene banished, servå from so excellent a father, reformed the young man, The people here (Santa Cruz) believe it (Euphorbia Ca- and England diuided from the Catholike faithe and churche, and made Edward from an errani rake become a fine gentleDariensis] to be so caustic as to erode the skin. these xvi. years.

man.-Tatler, No. 9. Cooke. Third Voyage, b.i. c. 2. Bp. Gardner. True Obedience. Translator to the Reader.

What more probable uses, then, to perform the office of so EROGATION. Lat. Erogare, atum, (rog-are, God I take to record I neuer (to my knowledge) taught many suns ? that is, to enlighten and warm so many systems

of planets; after the manner as our sun doth the erraticks, from opey-eiv, to stretch, to reach after, and thus, any erronious doctrine, but onely these things which the

And that this is the use and office of the to seek.) See ABROGATE, and DEROGATE.

Scripture leade me vnio, and that in my sermons I neuer encompassing it.

maynteyned any errour, neither moued, nor gaue occasió of fixt stars is probable.--Derham. Astro-Theology, b. ii. c. 2. To seek, (sc.) money for the public expenses ; any insurrection.--The Life of Doctour Barnes.

High o'er the main two rocks exalt their brow, erogare legem, to enact a law, (sc.) for the ad

Before all the worlde the exacte sentence of God shal be The boiling billows thundering roll below ; vancement of such money; and then, generally- opened, whiche shall neyther erroniously nor partially pro

Through the vast waves the dreadful wonders move, To grant money; to bestow, to give or grant. nounce, as men are wont to doe, but as a moste vprighte Hence nam'd erratick by the Gods above.

Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. xii. and memorye, which, as a treasory, hath power to retayne, ne om enthe acquirynge of science belongeth understandyngiudge, and one that knoweth all thinge. Udal. Rom... 2.

When a man hath true notions of his duty, or of what is They can scarse suffer priuiledges, that is to say, licence

lawful or unlawful, we say that he hath a right conscience ; and also to erogate, and dystribute, when opportunitie to spoile our citizens, given them by our forefathers, and

but we do not say he hath a good conscience upon that happeneth.-Sir T. Elyot. Governovr, b. iii. c. 22.

brought in by errorfull custome to be taken from them. :
Fox. Martyrs, p. 990. A Protestation, &c.

account. And so when a man is misinformed as to the good

ness or badness of an action, that we call an erroneous conTouching the wealth of England, it never appeared so much by publick erogations and taxes, which the long par

Then blame me not if I haue err'd in count

science : but it doth not therefore follow, that it is always an liament raised: insomuch, that it may be said the last king Of gods, of nymphs, of riuers yet vnread:

evil conscience.-Sharp, vol. iii. Ser. 16.
was beaten by his own image more than any thing else.
For though their numbers do much more surmount,

The very suppressing and hardning themselves against
Houell, b. iv. Let. 47. Yet all those same were there which erst I did recount.

the thought of their true end, is in order to their present

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. 12,
EROTICAL. Gr. Epwtikos, (from epws, love,)

peace and quiet, which they do erroneously substitute in the that can or may love.

The causes of error are, Ist. ignorance, either of right or room of their chief end.-Wilkins. Nat. Religion, b. ii. c. 1. fact. For no other division of ignorance car concern the

I have given you so plain an account of the popish docAnd so doth Jason Pratensis, c. 19, De Morb. Cerebri, relation of an erring conscience.

trine in this matter (satisfaction and purgatory) and have so (who writes copiously of this eroticall love) place and reckon

Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. i. c. 3. Rule 1.

plainly confuted it from the Scripture, that I hope the most it amongst the affections of the

And at his warning,

ordinary capacity may understand it, and be satisfied of the Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 442. Whether in sea or fire, in earth or ayre,

erroneousness of it.-Sharp, vol. vii. Ser. 8.
Th'extravagant and erring spirit hyes
Fr. Errer; Sp. Errar ; To his contine. Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act i. sc. 1. Knowledge being to be had only of visible certain truth,

error is not a fault of our knowledge, but a mistake of our
It. Errare; Lat. Errare ;
from the Gr. Eps-elv, ire, to
Sometimes he [the Devil] tempts by covetousnesse, judgment, giving assent to that which is not true.

Locke. Of Hum. Under st. b. iv. c. 20.
drunkennesse, pleasure, pride, &c. erres, dejects, saves,
go; and hence ersāre, to go kils, protects, and rides some men, as they do their horses.

From his airy couch:
forward, to go forth; (see

Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 56. He stoop'd sublime, and touching with his hand
ER;) to go forth, (sc.) with-

My dazzling forehead, “ Raise thy sight," he cry'd,
ERRA'TICALLY. out direct course, to
It is therefore a safe advice (considering the errableness

"And let thy sense convince thy erring tongue.".
of our judgments, when extended to foreign and remote

Ákenside. The Pleasures of Imagination, b. 11 known or fixed end or ob- subjects) to contain them, as much as may be, within those ERRO'NEOUSLY. ject; and thus-

terins where they may be exercised with the most certaintie, And preaches like an errant Fury, ERRO'NEOUSNESS. To go, or cause to go

which is, in our own interiour state; and to point them to that Gainst all the show folks about Drury,

mark whither they may carry level (as it were) and so much Says actors are all hellish imps,
out of a regular or direct

the surer, that is, to the universal justice and equitie of All managers the Devil's pinips.
way; to stray or straggle, God.-Mountague. Devoute Essayes, pt. ii. Treat. 4. 8. 4.

Lloyd. To Garrick, (1901.)


4 X

ERR, .




E'RUPITE, adj. } eruditione; Sp. Erudito, eris

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The season of the year is now come, in which the theatres' Though he should sign a hundred protests ir. a session, ! It is in the nature of these eruptive diseases in the state are shut, and the card tables forsaken; the regions of and daily eructate his invectives against the most respect. to sink in by fits, and re-appear. luxury are for awhile unpeopled, and pleasure leads out her able men, we will not be misied.-Knox, Ess. 9.

Burke. On a Regicide Peace, Let. I. votaries to groves and gardens, to still scenes and erratick gratifications.--Rambler, No. 124.

Never let him read with an indigestion, nor after vomit- ES, our genitive and plural terminatio7, may

ing, nor with sour eructations. Lo! while our isle with one loud Pæan rings,

be the article As, in Ger. Es, equivalent in mean

Sir W. Jones. Economicks and Private Morals. Equal, though silent, homage Isis brings;

ing to_taken. Isis, whose erring on the modest side

Fr. Erudition ; It. Erudito,
Th' unkind and ignorant mistake for pride.


Fr. Esbahir, - Abashed. See
Harte. To the Prince of Orange. dicion ; Lat. Eruditio, from erudire, (e, and rudis,

Base and Baw. Chaucer writes, abawed. Hence too we learn with what proportion'd force

from raudus, which is from the Gr. 'Paßdos, virga, Wherewith [the Letter of Parmenio) he [Alexander) The moon impels, erroneous in her course, The refluent main.-Fawkes. Eulogy on Sir I. Newton. sc. impolita,) extra ruditatem ponere,--to free from beynge nothynge esbaied, helde in his handes the letter, and

receyuyng the medycyne that Philippe gaue hym, at oone roughness, (Vossius.) O blest proficiency! surpassing all

tyme delyuered the leiter open to Philyp, and dranke also That men erroneously their glory call,

Polished or well wrought; and, (met.) well in the medycyne.—Sir T. Elyot. The Governoor, b. iii. c. 18. The recompense that arts or arms can yield, structed, well taught, deeply learned.

ESCALADE. From scala, a ladder, 80 The bar, the senate, or the tented field.

The kinges highnes as a most erudite price and a most
Cowper. Retirement. faithfull kinge in hys moste famouse boke ainoge many other from A.S. Scyl-an, to divide, to separate.

called from the separations between step and step; Now, hid beneath the flowery turf, they pass;

great authorities & reasons, preced him, [Luther) sore with Ingulph'd, now sport along the velvet grass, yt that the gloriouse apostle Saynet Paule calleth it a great

“ Fr. Escalade, a scalado, a skaling; the taking With many an errour slowly-lingering stray,

sacrament himselse.-Sir. T. More. Workes, p. 645. or surprising of a place by skaling,(Cotgrave.) And murmuring in their course reluctant roll away. Fame be thy tutor, and thy parts of nature

Fr. Eschelle, a ladder.
Fawkes. Braham Park.

Brunne uses eschele,
Thrice fam'd beyond, beyond all erudition.

generally, for a division of an army. E'RRAND. (Sometimes written Arrand, qv.)

Shakespeare. Troil. & Cress. Act ii. sc. 3.

The third eschele fulle harde was bisted.
A. S. Ærend-ian, to bear or carry tidings, to deli-
We have not all of us need of the skill in hunting, of

R. Brunne, p. 190. ver a message, to declare or bring news.

military science, of the art of navigation, nor of the mecha-
nicall handicrafts of artizans; but we all stand in need of

And for the escaladaes, they had so bad successe, as the Ærend, -tidings, news, a message, an embassy. learning and erudition.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 652.

rebels were driuen from the walles with the losse of two Godes ærend-gast; an angel, a spiritual messen

hundred men.-Bacon. Hen. VII. p. 181. ger or embassador, one going on God's errand. But sure there is a middle way to be followed; the ma

ESCALOP. nagement of a young lady's person is not to be overlooked, See Somner.

“ I believe (says Skinner) from but the erudition of her mind is much more to be regarded the A. S. Scala, a shell:” and shell is from the Tho me tolde him here ernde.-R. Gloucester, p. 147.

Spectator, No. 66.

A.S. Scyl-an, to divide, to separate. The scollop " "Twere well," says one, sage, erudite, profound, is particularly so called, because the edges of the Now, sir king, quath Pandulf, thou sedest vs ar this

Terribly arch'd, and aquiline his nose, The priuete of thin herte, & ich the segge iwis

shell are unequal and jagged. And overbuilt with most impending brows, The priuete of oure, and wat oure erinde is.--1d. p. 501. " 'Twere well, could you permit the world to live

With such ornament and decoration as best becomes The messager doth na more. bote hus mouth telleth. As the world pleases : what's the world to you?"

them; as to Nymphs, Tritons, Sea-Gods, escalop-shells, &c. Hus lettere and us ernde sheweth and is anon delyvered.

Cowper. Task, b. iii.

Evelyn. An Account of Architects. Pier: Plouhman, p. 217

He was not long satisfied with his Institution of a Christian man; he ordered a new book to be composed, called

How can we imagine that any laws of motion can deterIf thou thine honour mightest saue the Erudition of a Christian man.

mine the figure of the leaves, that they should be divided Or any erand mightest make

Hume. History of England, c. 32.

into so many jags or escallops, and curiously indented round Thider, for thy loue's sake

the edges.-Ray. On the Creation, pt. i. Ful faine thou woldest, but for drede

ERU'GINOUS. Lat. Æruginosus, from ærugo, Thou goest not, leest that men take hede. the rust of brass, (æs, æris.)


Menage (Orig. Della Lingua. Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose.

Esca'pe, n. Ital.) considers the It. Scapare Fr. Erugineux, which Cotgrave says is, “of the And who (amongst all the rest of his seven sonnes) shall

Esca'PER. and Scampare to be the same be pickt out for this service, but his youngest sonne David, rupted.” colour of verdigrease; rusty, cankred or cor

Esca'pina, n.

words, and derives them from whose fornier and almost worne-out acquaintance in court,

the Lat. Campus, q.d. ex campo exire. And and employment under Saul seemed to fit him best for this Now artificial copperose, and such as we commonly use, errand.--Bp. Hall. Cont. David & Goliah.

Kilian (in v. Schampen, abire) says, Gall. Eschapis a rough and acrimonious kind of salt drawn out of ferPor remembring that he took no money with him when

reous and eruginous earths, partaking chiefly of iron and per; It. Scampare; Sp. Escapar ; Ang. Escape. he came from his house, and that Cicero his brother also had copper.--Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. vi. c. 12.

See Scape. very little for himself, he thought it best that Cicero should

To go away, (sc.) out of the reach of danger, hold on his journey, whilest he himself made an errand

ERU’PTION.) Fr. Eruption; It. Eruzione ; out of difficulty, out of sight, out of notice. And home to fetch such things as he lacked, and so to make


Lat. Eruptio, as thehaste again to overtake his brother.

from erumpere, eruptum, to break or burst forth, North. Plutarch, p. 729. (e, and rumpere, to burst.)

“ Fr. Eschapper,—to Aie, evade, avoid; shift

away; to scape, come or pass through, safely; to He would understand men's true errand as soon as they A breaking or bursting out or forth; a bursting free himself, or get rid from; to slip, creep or had opened their mouths, and began their story in appear- or rushing forth; a sallying forth; shouting or winde out of,” (Cotgrave.) ance to another purpose. Locke. Memoirs of Anthony Eurl of Shaftesbury. exclaiming.

Escaper,-occurs in the margin, 2 Kings ix. 15. Miserable Josses and continual had the English by their At once, in bright procession spied,

His praier did him bryng out of his hard cas, The female world was at my side, frequent eruptions, from this time to the Norman Conquest.

Thanked God & him so well for him had schaped,

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 1. All, by inquiry, as I found.

That of his anguys grim so lightly was escaped. On one important errand bound. Hor. In what particular thought to work I know not:

R. Brunne, p. 201.
Brooke. Fables. Temple of Hymen.

But in the grosse and scope of my opinion
This boades some strange eruption to our State.

He suld not escape, thorgh bisshop granted fre,
ERRHI'NE. Fr. Errhine; Gr. Eppuva, from

Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act i. sc. I.

Of non bot of the pape myght he assoyled be.--Id. p. 122. ev, and pu, the nose. Por certain it is, that to his often mentioned secretary,

But swiche a rain down from the welken shedde

That slow the fire, and made to him escape. The examples explain the application of the Dr. Mason, whom he (the Duke of Buckingham) laid in a word.

Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14,650. pallet near him, for natural ventilation of his thoughts, he

would, in the absence of all other ears and eyes, break out And though your grene youthe floure as yet, Likewise Lysimachia stancheth bloud either in drinke, into bitter and passionate eruptions.

In crepeth age alway as still as ston, liniment, or errhine put up into the nose.

Reliquiæ Wottonianæ, p. 227. And deth manaseth every age, and smit
Holland. Plinie, b. xxvi. c. 12. All which is perverted in this eruptive generation.

In each estat, for ther escapeth non.
And we see sage or betony bruised, sneezing-powder, and

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 16.

Id. The Clerkes Tale, v. 7999. other powders or liquors (which the physitians call errhines) So when the Cyclops o'er their anvils sweat,

But fro this perille netheles
put into the nose, draw flegine, and water from the head.
And swelling sinews echoing blows repeat;

With his wisedome Kynge Ullysses
Bacon. Naturall History, s. 38.
From the volcanos gross eruptions rise,

Escapeth, and it ouerpasseth.

Gower. Con. A. b. 1. And curling sheets of smoke obscure the skies. ERU'CTATE.) Fr. Eructation; Sp. Eructar,

Garth. The Dispensary, c. 1.

However urg'd, the servants of the queen

Assaulted his, as he from council went; ERUCTATION. eructacion; It. Eruttare, erut. The confusion of things, the eruptions of barbarians, the Where his own person eagerly pursu d tazione ; Lat. Eructatio, from eructare; Gr. Epeiro turn to account for him; and in confusion of things he did straits of emperours, the contentions of princes, &c. did all Hardly (by boat) escap'd the multitude.

Daniel. Civil Wars, b. vii. elv, to throw out, to force out.

snatch what he could to himself. To throw up, (sc. wind;) to belch.

Barrow. Of the Pope's Supremacy.

Yet not escaped from the dew reward

of his bad deedes, which daily he increast. They would make us believe in Syracusa, now Messina, 'Tis listening fear and dumb amazement all:

Spenser. Puerie Queene, b. iii. c. 5. that Ætna in times past hath cructated such huge boggets

When to the startled eye the sudden glance of fire, that the sparks of them have burnt houses in Malta, Appears far south, eruptive through the cloud;

Bos. Hee is fled, he is fled, and dares not sit it out. above finy miles off, transported thither by a direct strong And following slower, in explosion vast,

Bri. What has he made an escape, which way! follow, The thunder raises his tremendous voice.

neighbour Hagyise. ---B. Jonson. Barthol. Faire, Act iv. sc.6. wind.-Howell, b. I. 8. 1. Let. 27.

Thomson. Summer.

Which my father's servants had so well concealed, at the But, after all, cabbage ('tis confess'd) is greatly accused for

Anon, with black eruption from its saws

first breaking out of the war, in a private part of my house, lying undigested in the stomach, and provoking eructa- A night of smoke, thick driving, wave on wave,

that they escaped the search of the enemy, who had plunlions; which makes me wonder at the veneration we read

In stormy flow, and cloud involving cloud,

dered all they could find, broken all the windows, taken the ancients had for them, calling them divine,' and swear

Rolls surging, extinguishing the day.

away the leads, and pulled up the boards in inost parts of ing per brassican.-Evelyk. Discourse of Salletts.

Mallet. The Excursion, c. 1. the house.---Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. 1. p. 186.

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No souner was the king's escape taken notice of by the ESCHE/CKED, i. e. Checked or checkered, At the same time the Spanish fleete was escried by an
guards, but Col. Whalley hastened to the parliament with
the letter which the king had left upon his table, shewing

English pinasse, captaine whereof was M. Thomas Fleming, (qv.)

after they had bene aduertised of the Spaniards' expedition the reasons of his withdrawing, and his resolution not to desert the interest of the army.

Diuerse also were slain on the Earle of Richmond's part by their scoutes and espials.--Hackluyé. Voy. vol. i. p. 596.

at this last encounter, and among other an English knight,
Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. i. p. 191.
that bare armes, eschecked siluer and gules.

The very next day, being the 20th of July, about high
The greater the evil is, the more reason is there to ven-

Holinshed. Edw. III. an. 1340. noon, was the Spanish fleete escried by the English, which

with the south-west wind came sailing along, and passed by ture the loss of a less good, or the suffering of a less evil for the escaping of it.-Wilkins. Natural Religion, b. í. c. 2.

ESCHEW. Fr. Eschever ; Dut. Schouwen,

Plimmouth.-Id. Ib.
schuwen; Ger. Scheuen; Sw. Sky; and perhaps
But soon the victor must his conquest mourn:

ESCU'AGE. Fr. Escu, scutum ;
the A. S. Scun-ian, to shun.

Qui silicet

Menage (in v.
See ! great Alphonso swift to vengeance turn,
Echever) derives from D'excavere.

clypeos in bello gestare obligantur; those who
When not a wretch escapes the general doom
To bear the fatal tidings back to Ronie.

To shun, to avoid, to fly from.

were bound to carry shields in war," (Skinner.) Hoole. Orlando Furioso, b. iii.

The pecuniary satisfaction of which Blackstone Hald nat of harlotes, huyre nat here tales,

speaks, was a compensation for actual service; E'SCHAR. Gr. Eoxapa; Fr. Eschare; a Nameliche atte mete, suche men eschyue.

money paid in lieu of shields or shield-bearers; i. e. skar or hard scab upon a hurt, sore, wound; also,

Piers Plouhman, p. 130.

of soldiers. the crust which ariseth upon an actual or poten- But eschewe thou unhooli and veyne spechis, for whi tho

The cheefe cause that mooued the lords to this conspiracie, tial cautery, (Cotgrave,) from A. S. Scir-an, to profited mych to unfaithfulnesse.-Wiclif. 2 Tym. c. 2.

rose by reason the king demanded escuage of them that shear, to separate. See SCAR.

Now shul ye understonde, that al be it so that non erthly refused to go with him into Poictow. man may eschewe al venial sinnes, yet may he refreine him,

Holinshed. King John, an. 1215.
The ashes of certain locusts without wings, called by the

by the brenning love that he hath to our Lord Jesu Crist,
Greeks Tryxalides, cause the thick roufes and escarres that
and by prayer and consession, and other good werkes, so

The next was a duty reserved anciently out of every
grow about the brims of ulcers to fall off
that it shal but litel grieve.-Chaucer. The Persones Tale.

knight's fee: which, at first, was constantly paid as a quitHolland. Plinie, b. Xxx. c. 13.

rent, but being very small, came, in time, to be neglected by For thy my sonne if thou wolt liue

the kings, that contented themselves with the military At length nature seem'd to make a separation between

In vertue, thou must vice eschewe.Gower. Con. A. b. i. attendance of the knights in their wars; and with levying the cancerated and sound breast, such as you often see where

sometimes a greater duty, upon great or urgent occasions, a caustic hath been applied, the eschar divides between the A tale thou shalt vnderstond,

under the name of escuage, which was burthensome and living and the dead.- Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 617.

How that a knight shall armes sewe,

odious, till the proportions and occasions came to be ascer-
And for the while his ease eschewe.--Id. Ib. b. iv. tained.-Sir W. Temple. Introd. to the History of England.
ESCHE'AT, 'v. Fr. Eschet, which Cot-
Esche'at, n.
Whylis the kynge was in his feastinge (the hande of God

This pecuniary satisfaction at last came to be levied by
EscHE'ATAGE. fallen to ; from escheoir, to

assessments, at so much for every knight's fee; and thereexcesse dronkenes and blasphemies in banketinge and fest.

fore this kind of tenure was called scutagium in Latin, or Esche'ATOR. fall; and cheoir is from the ing.-Joye. The Exposicion of Daniel, c. 5.

servitium seuti; scutum being then a well known denomiLat. Cadere, to fall. In Legibus Neapolitanis et These curious doubts which good men doe eschew,

nation for money: and, in like manner, it was called in our Sicanis, Ercadentia dicitur. (See Spelman, Gloss. Make many atheists, and doe better few.

northern French, escuage; being indeed a pecuniary, instead Archaeologicum.) See the quotations from Fuller

Stirling. Doomes-day. The Ninth Houre. of a military service.-Blackstone. Commentaries, b. ii. c. 5. and Blackstone; and also To Cheat.

Page. Well, what remedy? Fenton, heauen giue thee E'SCULENT, adj. ? Lat. Esculentus, that
To fall to, (sc.) to the lord or other superior ioy, what cannot be eschew'd must be embrac'd.

Shakespeare. Merry Wives of Windsor, Act v. sc. 5. food, and esca from edere, es-um, to eat.

may be eaten; from esca, power.

Many little neglects I (King Charles) will not take the
Lenlyn & Dauid haf born grete honour,

Any thing eatable, or that can or may be eaten.
pains to set down: as her eschewing to be in my company,
And Snowdon com to grith, ilk castelle and toure

when I have any thing to speak to her (the Queen), I must To the kyng is eschele. R. Brunne, p. 244.

Thou never hadst in thy house, to stay men's stomachs, manage her servants first, else I am sure to be denied.

A piece of Suffolk cheese or gammon of bacon,
Thorge goure iawe ich leyve. ich lese meyne eschyles.

Ludlow. Memoirs. Letters & Papers, vol. iii. p. 250.

Or any esculent, as the learned call it.
Piers Plouhman, p. 72.

Massinger. A New Way to Pay Old Debts, Act iv. sc. 2,
suppose there are but few of you but know some such
Now is steward for his achates, now is eschetour for his

among your acquaintance, and none but may be very service-
wrongs, now is losel for his songs.
able both to God and them, by putting them in mind, as ye

of hearbs and plants some are good to eat raw, others
Chaucer. The Testament of Loue, b. ii.
have occasion, that they must not only eschew evil but do only after they are boyled or have passed the fire, but a

number of hearbs are not esculent at all. good in the world. That it is not enough for them to avoid

Bacon. Naturall History, $ 630.
With that the kynge right in his place

what God hath forbidden, but they must do also what he
Anon foorthe in that freshe hete
hath commanded, as ever they expect and hope for his love

So generally those knowledges relish best, that have an
An erledome, whiche then of eschete
and favour.Bp. Beveridge, vol. ii. Ser. 83.

infusion somewhat more esculent of flesh in them; such as Wax late faile into his honde, Unto this knight, with rent and londe,

ESCO'RT, v. ?

are civile history, morality, policy, about the which men's “ Fr. Escorte; a guide, con

affections, praises, fortunes, doe turne, and are conversant. Hath youe, and with his chartre seased.-Gower. C. 4. b.i. Escort, n.

s voy, safe conduct; a direction

Id. On Learning, by G. Wats, b. x. c. 1. But surely my guise is not to laye the fautes of the or safeguard for the way," (Cotgrave.) The

His various esculents, from glowing beds noughtye, to the charge of my whole companye, vppon shy- word does not appear to be of any long standing

Give the fair promise of delicious seasts. ryffes and call them rauenous, nor to rayle vppon eschetours in English.

Dodsley. Agriculture, c. 2. and call theym extorcionours.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 868.

Fr. Escorte; It. Scorta, formed from scorgere,

Take therefore all kinds of medicinal herbs and esculent But being now prevented so by persecucion, that he can- and this from ercorrigere, that is, dirigere, to guide grain for food, and together with the seven holy men, your not bestow them in that other good waie that he wold, yet or direct, (Menage.)

respective wives, and pairs of all animals, enter the ark while he parteth fro them, because he wil not parte fro the

without fear.--Sir W. Jones. Chron. of the Hindus.
faith, thoughe the Dinel's escheatour violently take them To day shut out, still onward press,
from him, yet willinglie geueth he them to God.
And watch the seasons of access;

ESCU'TCHEON. Scutcheon, from the Lat.
Id. Ib. p. 1227. In private haunt, in public meet,
Salute, escort him through the street.

Escu'TCHEONED. Scutum, a shield.
So this, breath'd on by no full influence,

Francis. Horace. Satires, b. i. Escusson, a small target or shield.”
Hath hung e'er since unminded in suspence,

· Escussoner; - to defend or cover with a As doubtfull whether 't should escheated be

Having contrived, by making forced stages while the
To ruine, or redeem'd to majesty.

troops of my escort marched at the ordinary rate, to make a scutcheon or shield,” (Cotgrave.)
Cartwright. On Christ-Church Buildings. stay of five days at Benares, I was thereby furnished with

the means of acquiring some knowledge of the state of the But this preferment of one before another does not conAnd therefore composing and framing himselfe on purpose province, which I am anxious to communicate to you.

sist in giving secular advantages before the other, temporal to counterfeit a noddie and a verie innocent, as suffering

Burke. Works, vol. ii. Letter from W. Hastings. honours and precedences in processions, in escutcheons and himselfe and all that he had to fall into the king's hands as

atchievments, but in doing the duty of that which is incum an escheat, (præde,] he refused not to be misnamed Brutus, ESCOʻT. Fr. Escotter ; every one, says Coto bent, and making the other minister to that which is more a name appropriate to unreasonable creatures.

His shot, is his cast ; that necessary.Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. iii. c. 3. Holland. Liviva, p. 39. grave, to pay his shot.

which (the money which) he is to cast or throw This folly and profusion so far provoked the people, that For the name escheator cometh from the French word down. " How are they escotted ?” how is their scot they threw dirt in the night on his (Richard Cromwell

escheoir, which signifieth to happen, or fall out; and he by
his place is to search into any profit accrewing to the crown
or share of the reckoning paid ? i. e. how are they escutcheon that was placed over the great gate of Somerset

House.--Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 155.
by casualty, by the condemnation of malefactors, persons paid for or supported ? See Scot.
dying without an heir, or leaving him in minority, &c.
Fuller. Worthies. Somersetshire.

For what, gay friend, is this escutcheon'd world,
Ham. What are thy children? Who maintains 'em ?

Which hangs out death in one eternal night;
How are they escotted ?--Shakes. Hamlet, Act ii. sc. 2.
And when the order of the Knights Templars was dis.

A night, that glooms us in the noon-tide ray,
solved, it was then judged in favour
of the lord by escheat, ESCROW. A scrowl, (qv.) as it is explained

And wraps our thoughts, at banquets, in the shroud.

Young. Complaint, Night 2.
Burnet. Reformalion, vol. i. b. iii. in the example.
In those times were established the ridiculous rights of

Hence without blushing (say whate'er we can)
eschealage and shipwrecks.
A delivery may be either absolute, that is to the party or

We more regard th' escutcheon than the man;
grantee himself; or to a third person, to hold till some con-
Montesquieu. The Spirit of the Laws, b. xxi. c. 13.

Yet, true to nature and her instincts, prize
ditions be performed on the part of the grantee : in which

The hound or spaniel as his talent lies.
Escheat, we may remember, was one of the fruits and
last case it is not delivered as a deed, but as an escrow; that

Cawthorn. Nobility. A Moral Essay, (1752.) consequences of fædal tenure, the

word itself is originally | is, as a scrowl or writing, which is not to take effect as a
French or Norman, in which language it signifies chance or
deed till the conditions be performed; and then it is a deed

The addition of the escocheon of Edward the Confessor to
accident; and with us it denotes an obstruction of the
to all intents and purposes.--Blackstone. Com. b. ii. c. 20.

his own, (Surrey's) although used by the family of Norfolk course of descent, and a consequent determination of the tenure by some unforeseen contingency.

ESCRY. To detect or discover. See DescRY,

for many years, and justified by the authority of the heralds.

was a sufficient foundation for an impeachment of high trea. Blackstone, Commentaries, b. ii. c. 15. and AscRY.

son.-Warton. History of English Poetry, vol. iii.

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