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are not threslied with a threshing basin; and none of yua shall go had commanded the clonds from instrument, neither is a cart wheel out at the door of his house until above, and opened the doors o! turned about upon the cammin; the inorning.
heaven, And had rained down but the fitches are beaten out with
manna upon them to eat, and had a staff, and the cummin with a
REEDS AND FLAGS.
given them of the corn of heaven. rod.
Job viil, 11, 12. Can ihe rush Man did eat angels' food: he sent GOURDS.
grow up without mire? cam the them meat to the full. Jonah iv, 6, 10. And the LORD flag grow without water? Whilst • Mark xiv, 25. Verily I say unto God prepared a gourd, and made it is yet in his greenness, and not you, I will drink no more of the it to come up over Jonah, that it cut down, it withereth before any fruit of the vine, until that day might be a shadow over his head, other herb.
that I drink it new in the kingdom to deliver him from his grief. So
Isa. xix, 7. The paper reeds by of God. Jonah was exceeding glad of the the brooks, by the mouth of the Luke xiv, 15. And when one of gourd. Then said the LORD, Thou brooks, and every thing sown by them that sat at meat with him hast bad pity on the gourd, for the brooks shall wither, be driven heard these things, he said unto the which thou hast not laboured, away and be no more.
him, Blessed is he that shall eat reither madest it grow; which came up in a night, and perished
Luke vii, 24. And when the bread in the kingdom of God. In a night.
messengers of John were departed, Rev. ii, 17. He that hath an ear,
be began to speak unto the people let him hear what ihe Spirit saith HYSSOP.
concerning John, What went ye unto the churches; To him that
out into the wilderness for to see? overcometh wili i give to eat of Exod. xil, 22. And ye shall take A reed shaken with the wind? a bunch of byggap, and dip it in
the hidden manna, and will give the blood that is in the basin, and
MIRACULOUS PRODUCTS him a white stone, and iu tho. strike the lintel and the two side AND SPIRITUAL SYMBOLS stone a new name written, which
no man knoweth saying he that posts with the blood that is in the P8. Issvill, 23-25. Though he receiveth it.
VISIONS AND DREAMS.
VISIONS A MODE OF the word of the Lonn came into thereof: an image was before mine DIVINE REVELATION.
Abram in a vision, sayins, Fear eyes; there was silence, and I Num xii, 6. And he said, Hear not, a bram: I ain thy shield, and heard a voice.
thy exceeding great reward. now my words: If there be a pro
JSAIAH. phet among you, I the LORD will
Isa. VI, 1. In the year that kins make mysell known unto him in a vision, and will speak unto him
Gen. xlvi, 2. And God spake Uzziah died I saw also the Lord
unto Israel in the visions of the sitting upon a throne, high and in a dream. 1 Sam. III, 1. And the chila night, and salu, Jacob, Jacob. lifted up, and his train fled the
teinple. Samuel ministered unto the LORD And he said, Here am I. before Eli. And the word of the
Moseg. LORD was precious in those days:
Ezek. 1, 4. And I looked, and, there was no open vision.
Erod. ffi, 2. And the Angel of the Lort appeared onto bom in a the north, a greilt cloul, and a
belrold, a whirlwind caine out of 2 Chron. xxvi, 5. And ho
flame of fire out of the midst of a sought God in the days of Zech- bush: and he looked, and, behold,
fire infolding itself, and a brightthe visions of God: and as long as the bush was not consumed. arial, who had understanding in the bush burned with hre, and messacas about it, and out of the
midst thereof as the color of he sought the LORD, God made
amber, out of the midst of the him to prosper.
Deut. xxxiv, 10-12. And there fire.
arose not a prophet since in Israel Ps. Ixxxix. 19. Then thou
Ezek. viii, 4. And, behold, the like unto Moses, whom the LORD spakest, in vision to thy holy knew face to face; In all the signs glory of the God of Israel was one.
and the wonders which the LORD there, according to the vision that Prov. xxix, 18. Where there is sent him to do in the land of
I saw in the plain. no vision, the people perish: but Egypt, to Pharaoh, and to all his Ezek. x, 1. Then I looked, ant, be that keepeth the law, happy is servants, and to all his land, And behold, in the firmament that 013
in all that mighty land, and in above the head of the cherubim Jer, xiv, 14. Then the LORD all the great terrür which Moses there appeared over them as it
were a sapphire stone, as the sall unto me, The prophets pro- (shewed in the sigut of all Israel. pliesy lies in my name: I sent
appearance of the likeness of a SAMUEL.
throne. them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spike unto - 1 Sam. ill, 1, 4, 7, 15. And the
Ezck. xi, 24, 25. Afterwards the them: they propliesy unto you a child Samuel ministered unto the spirit took me up, and tronght me false vision and divination, and a Lord before Eli. And the word in 4 vision by the Spirit of God thing of nought, and the deceit of of the LORD was precious in those into Chaldea, to them of the captheir heart.
days; there was no open vision.tivity: so the vision that I had Jer. xxiii, 16. Thus saith the The LORD called Samuel: and he seen went up from me. Then I
Now spake unto them of the captivity LORD of liosts, Hearken not into answered, Here am l. the words of the prophets that Samuel did not yet know the all the things that the LORD bad prophesy unto you: they make LORD, neither was the word of the showed me. you vain: they speak a vision of LORD yet revealed unto him. (See under IDOLATRY their own heart, and not out of And Samuel lay until the morn
AND SPIRITS.) the mouth of the LORD.
ing, and opened the doors of the
house of the LORD. And Samuel Dan. i, 17. As for these four feared to show Eli the vision.
NEBUCIIADXEZZAG. children, God gave them know
Dan. ii, 23. But there is a God in ledge and skill in all learning and
heaven that revealeth secrets, and wisdom: and Daniel had under
maketh known to the king standing in all
2 Sam, vil, 4, 17. And it came to dreams.
the Lorr came unto Nathan, say the visions of thy bead upon thy pass that night, that the word of Nebuchadnezzar what shall be in
the latter days. Thy dream, and Hosea wil, 10. I have also ing, According to all these fords, bed, are these. spoken by the prophets, and and according to all this vision, so have multiplied visions, and used did Nathan speak unto David.
Dan. iv, 5. I saw a dream similituiles, by the ministry of the
which made me afraid, and the proplets.
thoughts upon my bed, and the Hab. ii, 2. And the LORD an
Job iv, 12-16. Now a thing was
visions of my head, troubled me. swered me, and said, Write the secretly brouglit to me, and mine vision, and make it plain upon ear received a little thereof. In
DANIEL tables, that he may run that thoughts from the visions of the
Dan. il, 19. Then was the secret readeth it.
night, when deep sleep falleth on revealed unto Daniel in a night
men, Fear came upon ine, and vision. Then Daniel blessed the VISIONS MENTIONED IN trembling, which made all my God of heaven. SCRIPTURE.
bones to shake. Then a spirit Dan. vil, 1. In the first year of
passed before my face; the hair of Belshazzar king of TO ABRAHAM.
Labylon, my flesh stood up: It'stood still, Daniel had a dream, and visions Gen. xv, 1. After these things | but I could not discern the form of his head upon his bert; then he wrote the dream, and told the them in the head, all of them; and tinne a short space. And the eum of the matters.
I will slay the last of them with beast that was and is not, even Dan. vii, 28. Hitherto is the the sword: be that fleeth of them he is the eighth and is of the end of the matter. As for me shall not flee away; and be that seven, and goeth into perdition. Daniel, my cogitations much escupeth of them shall not be de- And the ten horns which thou troubled me, and my countenance Uvered.
sa west are ten kings, which have changed in me: but I kept the
received no kingdoin as yet; but matter in my heart.
(ZECHARIAH, See under receive power as kings one honr Dan. viii, 1, 2. 8. 9 15, 16 28 27. PARABLES AND EMBLEMS.) with the beast. These have one In the third year of the reign of
mind, and shall give their power
and strength unto the beast, king Belshazzar a vision appeared Acts 1x, 10. And there was a These shall make war with the unto me even unto me Daniel,after certain disciple at Damascns. Lamb, and the Lamb shall overthatwhich appeared unto me at the named Ananias; and to hiin said come them: for be is Lord of lords, first. And I saw in a vision; and it the Lord in a vision, Ananias. and King of kings: and they that came to pass, when I saw, that I And he said, Behold, I am here, are with him are called, and was at Shushan in the palace which Lord,
chosen, and faithful. is in the province of Elam; and I
CORNELIUS. saw in a vision, and I was by the
Acts x, 3. He saw in & vision river of Ulal. The he-goat waxed evidently about the ninth hour of
THE DISCIPLES. very great: and when he was the day an angel of God coining
Matth. xvil, 2, 3. And was trang strong, the great horn was broken; into him, and saying unto him, Águred before them: and his face and for it came up four notable Curnelius.
did shine as the sun, and his ral. ones, toward the four winds of hea.
ment was white as the light. And, ven. And out of one of them came
bebold, there appeared unto therr forth a little hörn, which waxed Acts xxii, 18. And saw him Moses and Elias talking with exceeding great, toward the south, saying unto me, Make haste, and him. and toward the east, and toward get thee quickly out of Jerusa- Luke 1x, 82, 83. Bat Peter and the pleasant land. And it came lem: for they will not receive thy they that were with him were to pass, when I, eren | Daniel had testimony concerning me. heavy with sleep: and when they seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there
2 Cor. xil, 1-4. It 18 not expedient were awake, they saw his glory, stood before me as the appearfor me doubtless to glory: I will and the two men that stood with
him. And it came to pass, a ance of a man. And I heard a come to visions and revelations man's voice between the banks of of the Lord. I knew a man in they departed from him, Peter Ulal, which called, and said, G-Christ above fourteen years ago, said unto Jesus, Master, it is briel, make this man to under: (wliether in the body, I cannot good for us to be here: aná let us stand the vision. And the vision tell; or whether out of the body, make three tabernacles; one for of the evening and the
morning I cannot tell: God knoweth;) such thes, and one for Muses, and one which was told is true: wherefore an one caught up to the third for Elias: not knowing what he shut thou up the vision; for it heaven. And I know such a man, said. shall be for many days. 'And i whether in the body, or out of NIGHT AND SLEEP. Daniel fainted,and was sick certain the body, I cannot tell: God know
1 Sam. ix, 6. And he said unto days: afterward I rose up, and did eth;) How that he was caught up him, Behold now, there is in this the king's business; and I was
into paradise, and heard unspeak; city' a man of God, and he is ao astonished at the vision, but none
able words, which it is not lawful honourable man, all that be saith understood it. for a man to utter.
cometb surely to pass: now let us Dan. X, 1, 7.-9.
go thither, peradventure he can In the third
show us our way that we should year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, Lamb opened one of the seals;
Rev. vi, 1. And I saw when the go. whose name was called Belter and I beard as it were the noise Got the king sleep; and he com
Esther vi, 1. On that night could shazzar, and the thing was true, of thunder, one of the four beasts manded to bring the book of ra bat the time appointed was long; saying, Come and see. and he understood the thing, and
cords of the Chronicles and they had understanding of the vision.
Rev. xvil, 7–14. And the angel were read before the king. And I Daniel alone saw the vision: thon marvel ? 'I will tell thee the said unto me, Wherefore didst
Ps. iii, 6. I laid me down and for the men that were with me saw not the vision; but a great mystery of the woman, and of the slept, I awaked; for the Lord sus
tained me. quaking fell upon them, so that beast that carrieth her, which
Ps. Iv, 8. I will both lay me they fled to hide themselves. bath the seven heads and ten
down in peace, and sleep: for thou, Therefore I was left alone, and horns. The beast inat thou sawsaw this great vision, and ihere est was, and 18 not; and shall Lord, only makes me dwell in remained no strength in me: for ascend out of the bottomless pit, safety.
Ps. Ixxvi, 5. The stout-hearted my comeliness was turned in me and go into perdition: and they into corruption, and I retained no
that dwell on the earth shall are spoiled, they have slept their strength. Yet'beard I the voice
wonder, (whose names were not sleep; and none of the men of of bis words; and when I heard written in the book of life from mighit have found their hands. the voice of his words, then was I the foundation of the world.) when
Prov. ill, 24. When thou liest In a deep sleep on my face, and tbey bebold the beast that was, down, thou shalt not be afraid; my face toward the ground.
and is not, and yet is. And
sleep shall be sweet.
tains, on which the woman sitteth. Prov. iv, 16 For they sleep not Amos ix, 1. I saw the LORD And there are seven klogs: five except they bave dove mischiol; standing upon the altar, and he are falleo, and one is, and the and their sleep is taken away ou. sald, Smite the lintel of the door, other le not yet come; and less they cause some to fall. luat the posts may shake: and cut when he cometh, he must con- Eccles. v, 12. The sleep of a
lahouring man is sweet, whether Eccles. V, 8, 7. For a dream shall be mado a donghin: Bot tr beat little or mu h: but the cometh through the multitude of ye shew the dreain, and the inabundance of the rica will not business; and a fool's voice is ierpretation thereof, ye shall resuffer him to sleep.
known by multitude of words. ceive of me gifts and rewards, and Cant. ii, 7. I charge you,
For in the multitude of dreams great honour; therefore shes me daughters of Jerusalem, by the and many words there are also the dream, and the interpretaiion roes, and by the binds of the field, divers vanities: but fear thou thereof. They answered again, God.
and said, Let the king lell bis that that ye stir not up, nor a wake my love, till he please.
Isa. xxix, 7, 8. And the multi- servants the dream, and we will Cant iii, 1, 2. By night on my
tude of all the nations that Aybt shew the interpretation of it bed I sought him wborn my soul against Ariel, even all that fight The king answered and sail, I loveth: I souglit bim, but I found against her and her munition, and know of certainty that ye would him pot. I will rise now, and go that distress ber, shall be as a gain the time, because ye see this about the city in the diréels, and dream of a night vision. It shall thing is gone from me.,But if yo in the broad ways I will seek lim dreameth, and, behold, he eatett; dream, there is buttone decree for
even be as when an hungry man will not make knowrunto me the whom my soul loveth: I sought but he awaketh, and his soul is you; for ye have prepared Ising him, but I found him not.
empty: or as when a thirsty man and corrupt words to speak brlore Çant. viii, 4., I charge you, o dreameth, and, behold, be drink- me, till the time be changed: daughters of Jernsalem, thal' ye eth; but he awaketh, and, behold, therefore tell me the dream, and stir not up, nor awako my love, he is faint, and bis soul bath I shall know that ye can shew
me until he please. appetito. . .
the interpretation thereof. The Jer. xxxi, 26. Upon this I
Chaldeans answered before the awaked, and beheld; and my ANXIETY TO INTERPRET
king, and said, There is not a man sleep was sweet unto me.
upon the earth that ari shew the THEM, BUT OFTEN
king's matter; therefore there is Jer. II, 39 In their heat I will
DISAPPOINTED. no king, lord, tor ruler, that asked make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may re
Gen. xl, 5-8. And they dreamed such things arany magician, or Joice, and sleep a perperual sleep, a dream both of them, each man astrologer, or Chaldean. And it and not wake, saith the LORD.
his dream in one night, each man is a rare thing that the king ra Dan. vi, 19 Then the king arose according to the interpretation of quireth; and there is none other very early in the morning, and baker of the king of Egypt, which except the gods, whose dwelling
his dream, the butler and the that can shew it before the king, went in baste unto the deu of
were bound in the prison. And is not with flesh. Fof this cause Uons.
Joseph came in unto them in the the king was angry and very Micah il, 1. Woe to them that morning, and looked upon them, furious, and commanded to de devise iniquity, and work evil and, bevold, they were sad. And stroy all the wise men of Babylon. upon their bed! when the morn- he asked Pharuol's officers, that and the decree went forth that lug is light, they practise it, be- were with bim in the ward of his the wise men should be slain; and cause it is in the power of their lord's buuse, saying, wherefore they souglat Daniel and his tellows hand.
look ye so sadly to-day? And to be slain. Matth. xxvi, 13. And he came they said unto him, We have Daniel iv, 6,7. Therefore made and found them asleep again: fur dreamed a dream, and there is no I a decree to bring in all the wise their eyes were heavy.
Interpreter of it! And Joseph men of Babylon before me, that
said unto thein, Do not interpre- they might make known unto me Mark xiv, 40. And when he re. tations belong to God? tell me the interpretation of the dream. turned, he found them asleep them, I pray you.
Then caine in the magicians, the agaiu, (for their eyes were heavy,) ueither wist they what to answer in the morning, that his (Pharaoll's] Boothsayers and I told the dream
Gen. xli, 8. And it came to pass astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the him.
spirit was troubled; and he sent before them; but they did not 1 Thess. V, 6, 7. Therefore let and called for all the magicians make known unto me the interus not sleep, as do others; but let of Egypt, and all the wise men pretation thereof. Us watch and be sober. For they thereof: and Pharaoh told them that sleep sleep in the night; and his dreams; but there was none they that be drunken are druuken that could' interpret them unto
THE TRUE INTERPRETAin the night.
TION FROM GOD.
Gen. xll, 16, 16. And Pharaoh
Dantel il, 2--13. Then the king | said unto Joseph, I have dreamed
conimanded to call the magicians, a dream, and there is none that NATURAL AND SUPER- and the astrologers, and the sor- can interpret it: and I have heard NATURAL.
cerers, and the chaldeans, for to say of thee, that thou canst unJob vil, 13, 14. When I say, My shew the king his dreains. So they derstand a dream to interpret it. bed shall comfort me, my couch
caine and stood before the kiug. And Joseph answered Phara ih, Bhiall ease my complaint Then Aud the king said unto them, 1 saying. It is not in me: God shall thou scarest me with dreams, and have dreamed a dream, and my give Pharavhı an answer of peace. terrifiest me through visions.
spirit was troubled to know the
Daniel I, 17. As for these four Job xxxii, 14-17. For God deans to the king to Syriack, O
children, God gave them knowspeaketh once, yea twice, yet mon king, live for ever; tell thy ser ledge and skill in all learning and perceiveth it not, In a dream, in vants the dream, and we will wislom: and Daniel bad undera vision of the night, when deep shew the interpretation. The
standing in all visions and dreams. sleep falleth upon men, in slumber-king answered and said to the Daniel li, 14--16, 24-30, 36. Then ings upon the bed: Then he Chaldeans, The thing is gone from Daniel answered with counsel and openett the ears of men, and seal-me: if ye will not make known wisdorn to Arioch the captain of eth their instruction. That he unto me the dream, with the in- the king's guard, which was gone may withdraw man from his pur-terpretation thereof, ye shall be forth to slay the wise men of pose, and hide pride from man. cut in pieces, and your houses / Babylon: Ho answered and said
to Arloch the king's captain, Why, thy father, made master of the reached to heaven; ard behold is the decree so hasty from the magicans, astrologers, Chaldeans, the angels of God ascending and king? Then Arloch made the and soothsayers; Forasr ch as an descending on it. And, beholil, I thing known to Daniel. Then excellent spirit, and knowledge, am with thee, and will keep theo Daniel went in, and desired of and understanding, interpreting in all places whither thou goest, the king that he would give him of dreams, and shewing of hard and will bring thee again into this time, and that he would shew the sentences, and dissolving of land; for I will not leave thee, unking the interpretation. There- doubts, were found in the same til I bave done that which have fore Daniel went in unto Arloch, Daniel, whom the king named spoken to thee of. whom the king had ordained to Belteshazzar: now let Daniel be
Gen. xxxl, 10, 11. And it came destroy the wise men of Baby- called, and he will shew the inter: to pass at the time that the cattle lon: he went and said thus pretation. Then was Daniel conceived, that I lifted up mine unto him, Destroy not the wise brought in before the king. And eyes, and saw in a dream, and, bemen of Babylon: bring me in be- the king spake, and said unto hold, the rams which leaped fore the king, and I will shew Daniel, Art thou that Daniel, upon the cattle were ring-straked, unto the king the interpretation. which art of the children of the speckled, and grisled. And the Then Arioch brought in Dante1 captivity of Judah, whom the angel of 'God spake unto me in a before the king in haste, and said king my father brought out of dream, saying, Jacob. And I said, thus unto bim, I have found a Jewry? I have even heard of Here am 1. mau of the captives of Judah that thee, that the spirit of the gods is will make known usto the king in thee, and that light, and under
LABAN. the interpretation. The king an- standing, and excellent wisdom, is swered and said to Daniel, whose found in thee. And I bave heard Laban the Syrian in a dream by
Gen. xxx, 24. And God came to name was Belteshazzar, Art thou of thee, that thou canst make 10: night, and said unto him, Tako able to make kdown unto me the terpretations, and dissolve doubts: heed that thou speak not to Jacob dream which I have seen, and the now, if thou canst read the writ
either good or bad. interpretation thereof? Daniel an- ing, and make known to me the swered in the presence of the interpretation thereof, thou shalt
JOSEPH. king, and said, The secret which be clothed with scarlet, and have the king bath demanded cannot a chain of gold about thy neck,
Gen. xxxvII, 5-10. And Joseph the wise men, the astrologers, the and shall be the third ruler in the dreained a dream, and he told it magicians, the soothsayers, shew kingdom. Then Daniel answered his brethren: and they hated him unto the king; But there is a God and said before the king, Let thy get the more. And he said unto in heaven that revealeth secrets, gilts be to thyself, and give thy them, Hear, I pray you, this dream and maketh known to the king rewards to another; yet I wil which I have dreamed: For, beNebuchadnezzar what shall be in read the writing unto the king, bold, we were binding sheaves in the latter days. Thy dream, and and make kuown to uim the inter- the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, the visions of thy head upon thy pretation.
and also stood upright; and, bebed, are these; As for thee, O
hold, your sheaves stood round king, tly thoughts came into 'thy INSTANCES IN SCRIPTURE. about, and made obeisance to my mind upon thy bed what should
sheaf. And his brethren said to
ABIMELECH. come to pass bereafter; and he
him, Shalt thou indeed reign
Gen. xx, 8--8. But God came to over us? or shalt thou indeed that revealeth secrets maketh known to thee what shall come to
Abimelech in a dream by night, have dominion over us? And pass. But us for me, this secret an said to bim, Behold, thou art they hated him yet the more
for is not revealed to me for any wis- which thou hast taken; for she is And he dreamed yet another
but a dead inan, for the wornan bis dreams, ani for his words. dom that I have more than any a man's wifo, But Abimelech bad dream, and told it bis brethren, living, but for their sakes that not come near her: and he said, and said, Behold, I have dreamed tion to the king, and that thou LORD, wilt thou slay also a righte a dream more; 'and, behold, the migh'est know the thoughts of
ous nation? Said he not unto me, sun, and the moon, and the eleven thiy heart.
She is my sister? and she, even stars, made obeisance to me. And This is the dream; she herself said, He is my brother. he told it to his father, and to his and we will tell the interpretation in the integrity of my heart, and brethren: and his father rebuked thereof before the king.
Innocency of my hands, have I him, and said unto him, What is Dan. iv, 8, 9. But at the done this. And God said unto him this dream that thou hast dreamlast Daniel came in before me, in a dream, Yea, I kuow that thou ed? Shall I, and thy mother, and (whose name was Belteshazzar, didst this in the integrity of thy thy brethren, indeed come to bow according to the name of my heart; for I also withheld thee down ourselves to thee to the god, and in whom is the spirit of from sinning against me: tuerelore earth? the holy gods) and before bim I suffered 1 thee not to touch her. told the dream, saying, O Belte- Now therefore restore the man Bbazz ir, master of the magicians, his wife; for he is a prophet, and
THE CHIEF BUTLER. because I kuow that the spirit of be shall pray for thee, and thon
Gen. xl, 9.-18. And the chief the holy gods is in thee, and no shalt live: and if thou restore her butler told his dream to Joseph, secret troubleth thee, tell me the not, know thou that thou shalt and said to bim, In my dream, be visions of my dream that I have surely die, thou and all that are bold, a vine ras before me; And seen, and the inlei pretulion there- tine. Tlierelore Abimelech ruse in the vine were three branches: of.
early in the morning, and called and it tcas as though it budded, Dan. V, 11--14, 16, 17. There is
all his servants, and told all these and her blossoms shot forth; and a man in thy Nogdom in whom is things in their ears: and the men the clusters thereof brought forth the spirit of the holy gods: and, in were sore afraid.
ripe grapes: And Pharaoh's cup
was in my hand: and I louk the the days of thy father, light and understanding, and wisdom, like
grapes, and pressed them into
Pharaoli's cup, and I gave the cup the wisdom of the gods, was found Gen. xxvIII, 12, 15. Ang he into Pharaoh's hand. And Josipii in bin; whom the king Nebuchad- dramed, and behold a ladder set said unto him, This is the interpezzar thy father, the king, I say, up on the earth, and the top of it pretution of it: The three branches