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and in the course of his travels fallen in Potiphar's house, Who shewed and declared unto him, how the hope of ric- A reverend man, that graz'd his cattle nigh,
probably he might have given that lewd proposal another tory was much more assured to the Romanes than to King (Sometime a blusterer, that the ruffle knew
kind of entertainment, and while he was learning fashions Antiochus; and withall, how the Romanes would be the Of court, of city, and had let go by
not to have refused so fashionable a temptation.

faster and surer friend of the twaine, yea and make more The swiftest hours) observed as they flew;
South, vol. vi. Ser. 5. conscience of keeping amitie.-Holland. Lirius, p. 959. Towards this afflicted fancy fastly drew.

Shakespeare. A Lover's Compla n. The latter are little trifles, scarce welcome to any but So there were environed, intercepted, and killed in the children in understanding, and admired only for a gaudy place together with Hanno himselfe the generall, fast upon a Here the rude clamour of the sportsmen's joy, effeminate dress, which will quickly either be sullied or thousand, even as many as were in the vaward, and could The gun fast-thundering, and the winded horn, worn out; and a fashionableness which will within a short not well retire themselves backward.-Id. ib. p. 735.

Would tempt the Muse to sing the rural game. while perhaps be ridiculous.--Boyle. Works, vol. ii. p. 306.

Thonon. Automn. Which well I prove, as shall appear by triall, But as a rich and glittering garment may be cast over a To be this maides with whom I fasined hand,

I dread the next letters from Holland, will bring us an rotten, fashionably-diseased body, so an illustrious, com- Known by good markes and perfect good espiall:

account of the duke's army being cut off in the whole, or in manding word, may be put upon a vile and ugly thing; for Therefore it ought be rendred her without denial.

part. All my predictions are now verifying too fast. words are but the garment, the loose garments of things.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 4.

Chesterfield. Works, vol. iv. b. ii. Let. 28
South, vol. vi. Ser. 3.
The congruent, and harmonious fitting of parts in a sen-

FAST, v. Goth, Fastan; A.S. Fæst-on ; For some, who have his secret meaning guess'd,

tence, hath almost the fastning, and force of knitting, and Have found our author not too much a Priest : connexion; as in stones well squared, which will rise strong

Fast, n. Sw. Fasta; Dut. L'osten; Ger. For fashion-sake he seems to have recourse a great way without mortar.-B. Jonson. Discoveries.

FA'STER. Fasten, jejunare; which (WachTo Pope, and Councils, and Tradition's force.

Thereto both his owne wylie wit, she sayd,
Dryden. The Art of Poetry.

ter thinks) is the verb, Fasten,


And eke the fastnesse of his dwelling place, Unskillful he to fawn, or seek for pow'r,

servare, to keep, to guard, to Both unassaylable, gave him great ayde.

secure; applied to the keeping or observing a rite By doctrines fashion'd to the varying hour;

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 9. Far other aims his heart had learn'd to prize,

of the church: observare and jejunare, he reMore bent to raise the wretched than to rise.

The king also beeinge fast-handed, and loth to part with a marks, are frequently found synonymous in eccle. Goldsmith. The Deserted Village. second dowrie, but chiefly being affectionate both by his siastical writers. Applied to the peculiar rite of

nature, and out of politicke considerations to continue the abstaining from food, as a religious obserrance, He [an etymologist) brings it from facio, which, among alliance with Spaine, preuailed with the prince (though not other things, signities to do. Hence, he supposes people of without some reluctation, such as could bee in those yeares,

and then extended to such abstinence from any fashion, according to the old derivation of lucus a non lu

for hee was not twelve years of age) to bee contracted with cause. To fast, then, will meancondo, to be spoken of those who do nothing: but this is tou

the Princesse Katherine.--Bacon. Henry VII. p. 207. general, and would include all the beggars in the nation.

To observe or keep, (sc.) abstinence from food; Fielding. The Covent Garden Journal, No. 37. It is the more obvious and common opinion, that this (the and thus, consequentially, to forbear from food;

art of flying] may be effected by wings fastened immediately to abstain from food. Taste is now the fashionable word of the fashionable

to the body, this coining nearest to the imitation of nature, world. Every thing must be done with Taste that is setwhich should be observed in such attempts as these.

His flesshe wolde haue charged him with fainesse, tant tled; but where and what that Taste is, is not quite so cer

Wilkins. Dædalus, c. 7. that the wa ntonnesse of his wombe with trauaill and faste og tain.-Chesterfield. Common Sense, No. 16.

he adaunteth, and in ridyng & goyng trauayleth myghie

Six lions' hides, with thongs together fast, The difference is greater or less, according as the fashion

liche his youthe.-R. Gloucester, p. 482. Note 7.

His upper part defended to his waist : ableness and scarcity of the wine render the competition of

And where man ended the continued vest the buyers more or less eager.

Vigiles and fastyng dayes. fortheremore to knowe
Spread on his back the houss and trappings of a beast.
Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. i. c. 11.

And fulfille tho fastynges.---Piers Plouhman, p. 139.

Dryden. Ovid. Metam. b. xii.
For he, with all his follies, has a mind
But where the fancy waits the skill

But whanne thou fastist anointe thin heed, and waische Not yet so blank, or fashionably blind,

Of fluent easy dress at will,

thi face: that thou be not seen fastyng to men, but to thi But now and then perhaps a feeble ray

The thoughts are oft, like colts which stray

fadir that is in hidiis, and thi fadir that seeth in hidlis schal Of distant wisdom shoois across his way.-Cowper. Hope. From fertile meads, and lose their way,

yelde to thee.- Hiclif. Mattheu, c. 6. Clapt up and fasten'd in the pound FASTEN, v. Goth. Fast-an; A. S. Fast- of measur'd rhyme and barren sound.Lloyd. On Rhyme. thy face, y: it appeare not into men how yıthou


But yo, when thou fastest, annoynt thyne head, and wash Fast, adj. nian, afæstnian, figere, firmare,

I know there is an order, that keeps things fast in their but vnto thy father which is in secrete : & thy father white Fast, ad. confirmare, to fix, to fasten or place; it is made to us, and we are made to it.

seith in secrete, shal rewarde the openlye.--Bitie, 1551, lo FASTENER. make firm and fast. Dut.

Burke. Reform of Representation. FA'STENING, n. Vasten ; Ger. Vesten, fæsten ;

In hungur and thirst, in manye fastyngs, in coold and The capital, or rather chief fastness, of Cassibelan was then nakidnesse.-Wiclif. 2 Cor. c. 11. FA'stly. Sw. Faesta.

taken, with a number of cattle, the wealth of this barbarous FA'sTNESS. To fix, to confirm, to keep city.-Id. dn Abridgement of English History.

In honger, in thyrste, in fastinges often, in colde and or hold, to put or place, to unite or join closely,

nakednes. --Bible, 1551. Ib.

As soon as the petty sovereigns of Asturias ventured to firmly, tightly, steadfastly; to cause to adhere or steal out of their mountainous fastnesses and retreats, to Yeshul understond also, that fasting stont in three thinges stick together; to keep close to or upon.

extend the limits of their little kingdom at the expense of in forbering of bodily mete and drinke, in forbering of verlay

Mahometan caliphs, their conquest seems to have been jolitee, and in fordering of dedly sinne : this to say, that a Doth out this water, quoth Merlyn, & wen it is aweye, entrusted to the care of generals or counts.

man shall kepe him fro dedly sinne with all his might. Ge schul bi nethe get ytinde biolwe stones tweye;

Swinburne. Spain, Let. 44.

Chaucer. The Persones Tale. And in eyther a dragon ther inne slepe faste. R. Gloucester, p. 131. FAST, adj.

A.S. Fæste. Junius says,-fast And when thei wene all shall be wele,
A ma dame marcy quath ich. me lyketh wel goure wordes

Fast, ad.
or swift in pace. Celer, citatus,

Thei ben downe throwe at laste

FA'STLY. Ac the moneve of this molde that men so faste kepeth.

Than am I fed of that faste, præceps. The English have ma

And laugh, of that I see them loure.--Gouer. Con. A. b.ii. Piers Plouhman, p. 15. nifestly retained this word from the Welsh Ffest,

Nowe harken what difference ought to be betwene yogre Bydders & beggers. faste aboute goden.-Id. p. 3. properus, festinus. But it is more probably a con

fastes, and theyrs, yf ye wil haue them acceptable to ite sequential application of fast, close : He comes fast father

, and profitable to yourselves. It is not the forbe aritz Thou sayst, we wives wol our vices hide,

behind, i.e. close behind; to attain which closeness of the meat that commendeth fastung vnto God, but he pure Til we be fast, and then we woll hem shew. Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 5865

or nearness of position (suppose in a race) speed and cleane affeccion of the minde, feruently desiring is And sith she dorst nat telle it to no man

was exerted. And by usage the word was transfer- please God only.- Udal. Matthew, c. 6. Doun to a mareis faste by she ran.

red from the end to the means, i. e. from the place Thyncke ye thys fast pleaseth me, that a man sho: 'd Id. The Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6553. or position to the speed exerted in attaining it. chasten him selfe for a daye, and to writhe his head atcut And with this noyse, and with this crie

Speedy, quick.

lyke an hoke in an heerry cloth, and to ive upon the earth. Out of a barge faste by

Bible, 1551. Exte, C.58. Men sterten out and weren ware

And lepte on ys stede, and siwede and slog fast ys fon.

R. Gloucester, p. 63.

Wherefore as often as godlynesse shall provoke you to Of this felon. Gower. Con. 4. b. viii.

fast, folow not certayn menne which be not fasirts, bus Also it hath beene sene, that the weaker person, by the

Ac Wyles & Wit, weren aboute faste

counterfeyters of fasting, setting foorth the colour and coke sleight of wrastlyng, hath ouerthrowen the stronger, almost

To overcome the kynge.

Piers Plouhman, p. 68. of fasting with a sower countenaunce.-Id. ib. or he coulde fasten on the other any violent stroke.

But that science is so fer us beforne,

At lengthe bespenkes the citte mouse :
Sir T. Elyot. The Governovr, b. i. c. 17. We mowen not although we had it sworne,

my frende why lyke you still,
By whose footing when the hunters perceiue where their
It overtake, it slit away so fast;

To lyue in countrye fastunglue, haunt is, they do eyther vndermyne or els cutte wythin the It wol us maken beggars at the last,

vpon a craggie hill.-Drant. Horace, b. ii. Sat. 6 ground, all the trees there awayes, in such sorte that by

Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Prologue, v. 16,150.

In the which, (for as much as he (Moses) first rested ther thupper part they inay seme to städ fast stil.

To my iudgement these princes are not chosen, that they after seuen dayes fasting and travel of hymseife and lys Goldinge. Cæsar, fol. 163.

should eate more meate, than all other, nor to be aparayled people through the deserttes of Arabia) he hallowed the And at this meting ye Lord Hasting, whose trouth towarde rychelyer than all other, nor to renne faster than all other : seventh day, and called it after the manner and rsage of the the king no manne doubted nor neded to doubte, perswaded

but with presupposicion, that they ought io knowe more countrie, the Sabboth day, cummaundyng it to be keit the lordes to belieue, that the Duke of Gloucester was sure than all other.-Gulden Boke, c. 30.

Fastyng-day for euer after to the worldes end, because that and fastlye faithfull to hys prince.

day had made an end of all their trauill and hunger. Sir T. More. Workes, p. 43. But plenteous Avon strives

Goldyng. Justine, fol. 138. The first to be at sea; and faster her to hie, Ergo he confesseth here plainely, the contrary of that he Clear Kessilguin comes in, with Hergum by and by. Some with a whip their pamper'd bodyes beate, so fastelye before hath affirmed.-id. Ib. p. 556.

Drayton. Poly Olbion, s. 9. Others in fasting live, and seldom eate. And where thou didst see the feete and toes partely erthen

Browne. Britannia': Pastorals, b. i. s. 5 Seianus hearing this answere was nothing pleased, not so and parte yerne, it signifieth the kingdom to be diuided, much in regard of the marriage, as because he feared Tibe- I have even wearied heav'n with pray'rs, dried up nethelesse yet shal it retain some what of the ferme fastnes rius's secret suspicions; the rumour of the people; and The spring of my continual tears, even starv'd of yerne as it were vnder ye sole of his fote. enuie which grew fast vpon him.

My veins with daily fasts.
Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 2.

Greneway. Tacitus. Annales, p. 103.

Ford. 'Tis Pity She's a whore, Act ise. 2.

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I goe Moses the receiver of the law, Elias the restorer of This knowledge, which so many neglect and despise, nay, Thoughe some of the braunches be broken of, and thou the law, Christ the fulfiller of the old law and author of the which the generality of men do, more than any other, fasli- | beynge a wylde olyue tree, arte grafte in among them, and dew, all fasting zorty dayes : and these three great fasters Idiously slight, or studiously shun, is, next the knowledge of made partaker of the rote and fatnes of the olyue tree, bost unde together glorious in Mount Tabor.

its prototype, that which best deserves our study, and it not thyselfe agaynst the braunches.-Bible, 1551. Rom. c.ll. Bp. Hall. Cont. Of the Vaile of Moses. most concerns us to attain.--Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 752.

Ful many a fat patrick hadde he in mewe. But this notion of the word cannot at all belong to this Less licentious and more discerning times (which may be,

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 331. place, where tlie hypocritical fasters, that desire their devo- perhaps, approaching) will repair the omissions and fastidi

For loue leveth colour ne cleernesse, tions should qavnvar, be seen and commended by men, are ousness of the present, by an eminent gratitude to the names said to be okvUPWT01, of sad countenance. of those that have laboured to transmit to others, in the

Who loueth true hath no fatnesse.--Id. Rom. of the Rose. Hammond. Works, vol. iii. p. 35. handsomest dress they durst give them, the truths them

Fynally the dyete, whiche doth extenuate and make leane, selves most valued.-id. Ib. vol. ii. p. 309. That holy number (as he calls it) of forty, which our

is more sure for kepyng of helth, than that whiche fatteth Saviour honoured with his fasting is by this reckoning ex- As mankind is now disposed, he receives much greater

moch.-Sir T. Elyot. The Castel of Helth, b. iv. cluded.--Drayton. Poly-olbion, s. 11. advantage by being diverted than instructed ; his epidemical

It is little marueyle that ydlenesse and meate of another diseases being fastidiosity, amorphy, and oscitation.

man's charge will soone feede vp and fatte likely men. 6. Is not this the fast that I have chosen ? to loose the Swift. Works, vol. i. A Digression in the modern kind.

Sir J. Cheke. The Hurt of Sedition. bands of wickednesse, to undo the heavie burdens and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke. On what ground, except the constitutional policy of form

They were very fat, so that we were constrained to cast 7. Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou ing an establishment to secure that kind of succession which

the fat away.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. ii. p.

101. bring the poor that are cast out, to thy house? when thou is to preclude a choice of the people for ever, could the legisseest the naked, that thou cover him, and that thou hide lature have fastidiously rejected the fair and abundant

And praye him, for to make me sheepe, not thyself from thine own flesh.-Bible. Isaiah, c. 58. choice our own country presented to them, and searched in and cattle verye satte, strange lands for a foreign princess.

And for to fatten all I haue, From hence may an account be given why the inhabitants

Burke. On the French Revolution.

excepte my witte alone : of hot countries may endure longer fasting and hunger than

If that be fatte, adew good lorde, those of colder; and those seemingly prodigious and to us The fastidiousness of those critics reproved, who pretend

our Musies may be gon.--Drant. Horace, b. ii. Sat. 6. to take offence at the freedom of some of those images which scarce credible stories of the fastings and abstinence of the Egyptian monks be rendered probable.

are found in the sacred writings; the nature of those images The king (John) vpon a time in his hunting comming Ray. On the Creation, pt. ii. explained.

where a verie fat stag was cut vp and opened (or how the

Louth. Lectures. By Gregory, vol. ii. Lect. 31. Contents. hunters term it I cannot tell) the king beholding the fat John the Baptist came, neither eating or drinking, Matt.

nesse and the liking of the stag: see, saith he, how easilie xi. 18. That is, when he was sent to preach, came solitary

FASTIGIOUS. Lat. Fastigium, the highest and happilie he hath liued, and yet for all that he neuer into the wilderness with great austereness and severity of point. Applied to an angular or pointed roof;— heard any masse.- Fox. Martyrs, p. 233. King John. life, with fasting and abstinence, with mortification and self contradistinguished from flat. denial; and they said, he is mad, and hath a Devil.

The ground they neuer fatten with mucke, dung or any Clarke, vol. ii. Ser. 99.

The ancients dwelling-houses (were] generally flat at the thing, neither plow nor digge it as we in England. top, Julius Cæsar being the first that they indulgd to raise

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 271.
Study and pains were now no more their care;
Texts were explain'd by fasting and by prayer.
his palace in this fastigious manner, as Salmasius tells us

Next was November; he full gross and fat,
Dryden. Art of Poetry.
in Solin.-Evelyn. On Architecture.

As fed with lard, and that right well might seeme;
And upon these considerations, the king commanded all

See Fastidious. Lat. Fas

For he had been a fatting hogs of late,

That yet his browes with sweat did reek and steem. persons, of whatsoever state and degree, to observe and FA'stUOUSLY. Stuosus; “ Fr. Fastueux; proud,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, c. 7. Of Mutabilitie. keep from henceforth such fasting-days, and the time of FA'stuousness. ) lofty, scornful, disdainful, arlent, as had been heretofore used in the realm.

As the bear, the hedge-hog, the bat, the bee, &c. These rogant, high-minded," (Cotgrave.) Strype. Memorials. Edw. VI. an. 1548.

all wax fat when they sleep, and egest not. The cause of In this notion it will accord, and associate very well with

their fattening during their sleeping time, may be the want For months together these creatures of sufferance, whose

of assimilating ; for whatsoever assimilateth not to flesh, Blaconuia, calumny, and inepngavia, pride, which immevery excess and luxury in their most plenteous days had

turneth either to sweat, or fal. diately precede; the calumniating, fastuous (insolent) and fallen short of the allowance of our austerest fasts, silent,

Bacon. Naturall Historie, s. 899. vain-glorious behaviour, going ordinarily together. patient, resigned, without sedition or disturbance, almost without complaint, perished by an hundred a day in the

Hammond. Works, vol. iii. p. 158.

She largely it bestows streets of Madras.-Burke. On the Nabob of Arcot's Debls. Injustus fuit, se super aliquem extulit, á vero declinarit,

On marsh land, whose swoln womb with such abundance

flows, Others there are, and not a few, recessit, insolenter se gessit, mentitus est, fastuosè incessit,

As that her batt'ning breast her fallings sooner feeds, being unrighteous, proud, transgressor, insolent, lyars, fasWho place it in the bug bear view !

And with more lavish waste, than oft the grasier needs. tuous.-Id. Ib. p. 389. Think it consists in strange severities :

Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 28. In faslinys, weepings and austerities.

It (piety) fenceth him from insolence and fastuous con-
Dodsley. Religion, a Simile. tempt of others, rendereth him civil, co scensive, kind For like as cooks pray for nothing, but good store of fat-

and helpfull to those who are in a meaner state. Tillotson in a fast-sermon on a thanksgiving occasion,

lings to kill for the kitchen, and fishmongers plenty of

Barrow, vol. i. Ser. 2. 31st January, 1689, says, Twenty-years agone.

fishes; even so curious and busy people wish for a world of

troubles, and a number of affaires, great news, alterations Tooke. Diversions of Purley, vol. i. p. 467.

We are apt to despise or disregard others, demeaning ourselves insolently and fastuously toward them.

and changes of state.--Holland. Plutarch, p. 114.

Id. vol. iii. Ser. 29. FASTIDIOUS. Fr. Fastidieur; It. Fas

So deckt with floods, so pleasant in her groves, FASTIDIOUSLY. tidioso ; Sp. Fastidioso ;

St. Chrysostome's reflexions on those passages are very So full of well-fleec'd flocks and fatned droves. FASTIDIOUSNESS.

Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, b. ii. s. I. Lat. Fastidiosus, from fas- Church, and the souls of those primitive Christians were

good, that indeed then there was no fastuousness in the Fastidio'sity. tidire, quod propriè est cum clear of vanity.--Id. of the Pope's Supremacy.

Having now spoken of hardning of the juices of the body, fastu aspernari; fastus (from fari, to speak ;) pro

we are to come next to the oleosity or fatliness of them. superbiâ, because proud or arrogant persons speak

FAT, v.
Junius says that the Dan.

Bacon. Of Life and Death. great things, grandia fantur, (Vossius.)

Fat, adj. Feed, as well as the A. S. Fet,

Now what were peace without religion, but like a Nabal's Affecting or arrogating superior taste or dis

Fat, n. seem derived from the A. S. sheep shearing; like the fatting of an Epicurean hogge; the cernment; a nicer sensibility; disdaining ordinary

FA'TLING, n. Fedan, pascere, nutrire, to feed, very festivall revels of the Devil.

FITNER. or common gratifications ; disdainful; contemptu

Bp. Hall. An Holy Panegyrick.

to nourish; thus, fat is, (q.d.) ous, squeamish, nauseating, disgusting.

FA'tness. well-fed. Dut. Vet; Ger. Fett ; You may turn (almost) all flesh into a fatty, substance. If Fastidiosity, in Swift, is coined for the occasion.

FA'TTEN. which latter, Wachter says, is, you take flesh, and cut it into pieces, and put the pieces into
FA'TTING, n. properly, Fedet, from föden, six or seven hours in boyling water,

a glass covered with parchment, and so let the glasse stand Also by a cruel and irous mayster, the wyttes of chyldren Fatty. he dulled : and that thynge, for the whiche chyldren be often

pascere, nutrire, to feed, to nou

Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 678. tymes beaten, is to them after fastidious.


Cattle fatted by good pasturage, after violent motion, Sir T. Elyot. Governour, b. i. c. 9.

And both fat, and food, in A. S. Fat, and fod, sometimes die suddenly; in such the liver is found to be [Southistel] causeth fastidiousness or lothsomness of the

are, in Tooke's opinion, the past tense and past inflamed and corrupted.--Arbuthnot. On Diet, c. 3. stomacke.--Id. The Castel of Helth, b. ii. part. of this verb fed-an, to feed. To fat, or fat

All the superfluous weight of an animal beyond the Let their fastidious, vain

vessels, bones, and muscles, is nothing but fat: but the Commission of the brain

To feed well; to feed, to nourish, to a state of conversion of the aliment into fat is not properly nutrition, Run on, and rage, sweat. censure, and condemn : fulness or plumpness of size, to coarseness or gross

which is a reparation of the solids and fluids.

Id. On Aliments, c. 2. They were not made for thee, less thou for them.

ness of body, or bodily habit. B. Jonson. The Author's just Indignation.

The hire of the milk, and the prices of the young veals, And of fatte wetheres an hundred thousand also. As for the (ifs) that he is so fastidiously displeased with,

R. Gloucester, p. 52.

aud old fat wares, were disposed to the relief of the poor. he hath, I doubt not, judgment enough, to discern that all

Strype. Memor. Edw. VI. an. 1547. the severals so introduced, are things that we assume to have

His flesshe wolde haue charged him with fatnesse but that

the wantonnesse of his wombe with trauaile and fastynge London, thou great emporium of our isle ; actually proved.-Hammond. Works, vol. ii. p. 273.

he adaunteth, and in rydinge and goyng travayleth mygh- O thou too bounteous, thou too fruitful Nile! What was blameable in the Pharisees, was not their bare teliche his youthe.--Id. p. 482. Note 7.

How shall I praise or curse to thy desert ? using of some lawful indifferent, or else good, and commend

Or separate thy sound from thy corrupted part? And fatte thy faucones. to culle wylde foules. able things, not commanded by God; but their teaching

I call'd thee Nile: the parallel will stand :

Piers Plouhman, p. 129. such for doctrines, and laying them as burthens on others,

Thy tides of wealth o'erflow the fallen'd land. and what was consequent to this, their discriminating themOn fat londe and ful of donge. foulest wedes groweth.

Dryden. The Medal. selves proudly and fastidiously from other men, upon this

Id. p. 213.

The wind was west, on which that philosopher bestowed account.-Id. Ib. vol. ii. pt. iii. p. 192.

What if ony of the braunchis ben brokun whanne thou

the encomium of fatner of the earth.-Arbuthnot. were a wielde olyue tree art graffid among hem, and art He reproved the fastidiousnesse of the Pharisee, that maad selowe of the roote and of the fatnesse of the olyue Spirit of nitre will turn oil of olives into a sort of fatty came with Eucharist to God and contempt to his brother. tree ? nyle thou have glorie aghens the braunchis.

substance; but acids may be used as stimulating. Bp. Taylor, Great Exemplar, pt. iii. $ 14.

Id. On Aliments, c. 6. Wiclif. Romaynes, c. 11.

ten, is


Mark the fat eit, whose good round sum,

Very many even of those who have no religion, nor any I wyll aryse and goo to my father, and wyll saye vnto hip: Amounts at least to half a plum;

sense at all of the Providence of God; yet know very well, father, I háue synned agaynst heaven and before thee, ar Whose chariot whirls him up and down

by the light of their own natural reason, that there neither am no more worthy to be called thy sonne, make me as c Sorne three or four miles out of town;

is or can be any such thing as Chance, that is, any such of thy hyred seruantes.- Bible, 1551. Luke, c. 15. For hither sober folks repair,

thing as an effect without a cause; and therefore what To take the dust which they call air. others ascribe to Chance, they ascribe to the operation of

For grace of this thing I bowe my knees to the fadir o Lloyd. A Familiar Epistle. Necessity or Fate. But Fate also is itself in reality as truly

oure Lord Jesus Crist, of whom ech jadirheed in Lever. » nothing, as Chance is.-Clarke, vol. i. Ser. 98.

and erthe is named.-Wiclis. Efesiese, c. 3. The purport of a vision, thrown into prophetical language, would run thus; “The wolf shall dwell with the lamb, and Great therefore is the deceit, and fatal the errour, by

For thys cause I bowe my knees vnto the father of me the leopard shall lie down with the kid, and the calf and the which all those delude themselves, who continue in sin,

Lorde Jesus Chryst, which is father ouer al that is cak young lion and the fatling together : the cow and the bear because God's mercy (they think) and his goodness and father in heauen & in erthe. Bible, 1551. 15. shall feed, and their young ones shall lie down together; and compassion abound.- Id. vol. ii. Ser. 120. the lion shall eat straw like the ox."

A cleen religioun and an unwemmed anentis God and the Horne. Works, vol. v. Dis. 17. Hence, if the orbs have still resisted been

fadir is this, to visite fadirles and modirles children an! By air, or light, or ether, ne'er so thin;

widewis in hir tribulacioun, and kepe himsilif undefound iro The same voice, while it retains its proper distinctions, Long since their motion must have been supprest,

this world.-Wiclif. James, c. 1. may yet be varied many ways, by sickness or health, youth The stars had stood, the sun had lain at rest; or age, leanness or fatness, good or bad humour.

So vain, so wild a scheme, your fatalists have dress'd.

Pure deuocio and vndefiled before God the Father, is this,

to visite the fatherless and wyddowes in theyr aduersitye Reid. Enquiry, c. iv. s. 1.

Blackmore. Crealion, b. v.

and to kepe hymselfe vnspotted of the worlde. FAT. It makes me think that there is something in it like

Bible, 1531. I (Now written Vat.) A. S. Fat, fata, fæt; Dut. Vat; Ger. Fuss, dolium, cadus: all, I fatality; that after certain periods of time, the fame and

And ay she kept hire fadres lif on loft memory of great Wits should be renewed, as Chaucer is says Skinner, from the Lat. V'as. Wachter (in- both in France and England. - Dryden. Pref. to the Fables.

With every obeisance and diligence, cluding vas) from the Ger. Fassen ; Dut. Vatten ;

That child may don to fadres reverence.
The loss and gain each fatally were great :

Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, F. $165. Sw. Fatta ; capere, continere, to hold, to contain.

And still his subjects call'd aloud for war:

Jason, whiche sigh his fader olde, Traces of the ancient word remain, (Mark xii. l; But peaceful kings, o'er martial people set

Upon Medea made hym bulde
Luke xiv. 23,) in the Gothic noun, Fatha, sepes.

Each other's poize and counterbalance are.
Id. Annus Mirabilis, (1666.)

Of art magike, whiche she couth,
Junius derives from the Dut. Vatten.

And praieth hir, that his father's youth, Who knows, says Segrais, but that his [Achilles) fated She wouide make ayenewarde newe.- Gover.Cos. 4. b.v. Put ye in the sicle, for the harvest is ripe : come, get ye armour was only an allegorical defence, and signified no down; for the press is full, the fats ouerflow; for their more, than that he was under the peculiar protection of the

The inuencion of this arte (remembraunee) is felkeres wickedness is great.-Bible. Juel, iii. 13. Gods ?-Id. Discourse on Epic Poetry.

vpon Simonides.-Wilson. Arte of Rhetorique, p. 21€. FATE, n. It. Fato; Sp. Hado; Lat. Fa

But Fate, derived from the Latin fari, signifying to speak, Of whiche nombre of heathens, ye Romaines are 290 Fa'ted.

must denote the word spoken by some intelligent being, who tum, past part. of Far-i, to speak, has power to make his words good; so that whatsoever he

touching your marion, but by adopcion and fathering, calidad

all to the right title of inheritaunce and surname of Jesus FATAL. to utter, to say; fatum, ( Vossius,) says shall be done, will infallibly come to pass; and does Christe.- Udal. Romaines, c. FA'Talism. a fando; nam ita dicitur, Dei fa- not at all relate to the causes or manner whereby it is ac

In the yeare of our Lorde (as I sayd afore) D. C. and FA'TALIST. hoc est, dictum, jussum, de complished, unless those causes be made to act in consequence of the word spoken.

Antichrist fast approaching to the fulnesse of his age, pak? Fatality. cretum, voluntas Dei; the word,

Search. Light of Nature, vol. ii. pt. ii. c. 26. into a vniuersall fatherhode.--Bale. English Polaries, per FA'TALLY. the order, the decree, the will of

When a man plants a peach tree, can you properly say it is If fatherhood go by age, I suppose that King Henrie 1: FATEFUL. God. Literally

therefore fated that he should gather peaches and not plums elder than Becket. If fatherhood consist in authorite! Any thing spoken, uttered, or said ; decreed, or filberds therefrom? or if he sows oats in his field, does iudge the authoritie of a king to be aboue the authorities! ordained, destined; and thus applied to any thing he think any thing of a fatality against his reaping wheat an archbishop:

Fot. Martyrs, p. 195. Clenches tpon Beckets Letter preordained, predetermined ; to any thing inevi- motions among them which must form a regular world, table; as death ; whence fatal is should we esteem every thing fatal that might be produced

When hee toke his journey returnynge home it fortuerd Deadly, mortal, destructive. by them.-Id. Ib.

so his father espyed hym commyng a far and abone thuid

with mercy and fatherlye pytye wente to mete lym. Ayenst which fate him helpeth not to striue. Add to all this, that ne saw with concern the ill use which

Fisher. On the Seven Psalmes, pt. ii. R. 149
Chaucer. Troilus, b. v.

some were ready to make of the supposed fatalism of Mr.
Pope, and how hurtful it was to Religion to have it ima-

If any man be a most holy father, then bee doth most The day is comen of hire departing, gined, that so great a genius was ill-inclined towards it.

holily observe and keepe his fatherlinesse, and it he des I say the woful day fatal is come,

Hurd. Life of Warburton.

naughty and wicked father, then doth he most wickedly That ther may be no longer tarying,

keepe the same. But forward they hem dressen all and some.

Being a fatalist in natural things, and at the same time Fox. Martyrs, p. 564. Articles, &c. against Stephes Pele.. Id. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4681. maintaining free-will in man, he [Aristotle] thought, if

Rhescuporis was carried to Alexandria, and there prise Providence were extended to individuals, it would either

about to escape, or because it was so fathered on him, was Wherfore he sayeth, Confilebor, I shall knowlege togyther impose a necessity on human actions, or as employed on killed.—Greneway, Tacitus. Annales, p. 56. all my synnes, not accusynge hys fate or destenye, nor any mere contingencies, be itself frequently defeated; which constellacion, neyther the Deuill or anye other thynge, but would look like impotency: and not seeing any way to re

The. What say you, Hermia? be aduis'd faire maide, onelye hys owne selse, therfore he sayeth, Aduersum me. concile freewill and prescience, he cut the knot and denied

To you your father should be as a God;
Fisher. On the Seuen Psalmes, Ps. 32. its care over individuals.-Id. The Divine Legation, b.iii. s.4.

One that compos'd your beauties; yea and one

To whom you are but as a forme in waxe
We cleft the walles, and closures of the towne;
Nor fateful only is the bursting flame;

By him imprinted : and within his power,
Wherto all helpe: and vnderset the feet
The exhalations of the deep dug mine,

To leaue the figure, or disguise it.
With sliding rolles, and bound his neck with ropes :
Though slow, shake from their wings as sure a death.

Shakespeare. Midsummer Night's Dreame, Act l, sel This fatal gin thus ouerclambe our walles,

Granger. The Sugar Cane, b. iv.

The first that there did greet my stranger soule, Stuft with arm'd men: about the which there ran Children and maides, that holy carolles sang.

FATHER, n. The Gr. Πατηρ ;


Was my great father-in-late, renowned Warwicke, Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. ii.

Who spake alowd; what scourge for periurie, FATHER, v. Pater; Fr. Père ; It. Padre ;

Can this darke monarchy affoord false Clarence? Either to disinthrone the King of Heav'n FATHERHOOD. Dut. Vader; Ger. Water ;

And so he vanish'd.

Id. Rich. III. Act i.se We warr, if war be best, or to regain

FA'THERING, N. Sw. Fadder; A. S. Fæder ; Our own right lost : him to unthrone we then

But as for himselfe, seeing that his house grieved 298 May hope when everlasting Fate shall yield

FATHERLESS. Goth. Fad-rein, sunt pa- mourned for the death of his brother Q. Fabius, and thai the To fickle Chance, and Chaos judge the strise.

FA'THERLY, adj. rentes; all which, Wachter Commonwealth was half fatherlesse as it were, for the 25 Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ii. FATHERLY, ad. thinks, must have had a foully blemished, both with publike and private sorrow,

of a consull, he would not accept the lawrell so deformed and So without least impulse or shadow of Fate, FA'TheRLINESS. common origin, either in

Holland. Linis, p.7% Or aught by me immutablie foreseen,

FA'THER-IN-LAW. the infantile cry, pa, pa, or They trespass, authors to themselves in all

He cannot choose but take this seruice I have dem, Both what they judge and what they choose.-Id. Ib. b. iii.

in some Scythian word, dispersed by that people 'fatherly.Shakespeare, Cymbeline, Act ii. sc. S. Where's the large comet now whose raging flame

over the whole world. For the former Vossius Tiberius made an oration tending to the great commanda So fatal to our monarchy became; decides.

tion of his sonne; bicause he tendered his brother's eb Adre. Which o'er our heads in such proud horror stood,

The parent, producer or begetter; the pro

with a fatherly affection.-Greneway. Tacitus. 452. D. del Insatiate with our ruin and our blood. genitor; applied also, to aged or reverend per

Whereto thus Adam fatherly displeas'd.
Cowley. Ode on his Majesty's Restoration.
to those who act with paternal kindness;

O execrable son so to aspire

Above his brethren, to himself assuming
And now great deeds

who afford or bestow the protection of a father. Had been achiev'd, whereof all Hell had rung,

Authoritie usurpt, from God not giv'n. Had not the snakie sorceress that sat

To father ; to bear, impute or assume, the chaFast by Hell gate, and kept the fatal key,

racter or functions of father, the parentage or In originall nounes adjective, or substantive, derivzel Ris'n, and with hideous outcry rush'd between. production.

according to the rule of the writer of analogie, the seed: 3 Milton. Paradise Lost, b. ii.

intreated to the first in fátherlınesse, motherlinesse

Ych (Cordeille) the loue as the mon that my fader ys, The flames of one triumphant day,

2. Jonson. English Grammar, b. i.e.n. And euer habbe y loued as my fader, & euer wole ywys. Which, like an anti-comet here

R. Gloucester, p. 30.

Those heretics who fathered the Gospel and first Episo? Did fatally to that appear,

which we received as St. John's, upon Cerintbus, serem For ever frighted it away

Al so ich wole make to day thine sones faderles.

Epiphanus deservedly named 'Allugas, men in this roet u Cowley. Ode on his Majesty's Restoration,

Id. p. 142.

all sense and reason. —Bp. Bull. Works, vol. ii. p. 142. Whereon

And ge sholde be here fadres. & techen hem hetere. A treacherous armie leuied, one midnight

Piers Plouhman, p. 6.

The true rendering therefore of these words of the process

is, not the everlasting faiher, but the father or lord of Fated to th' purpose, did Anthonio open

I schal rise up and go to my fadir and I schal save to him future everlasting age, the age of the Gospel: concerg.** The gates of Millaine, and i'th' dead of darknesse

fadir I haue sinned into heuene, & before thee, and now I which the apostle declares Heb. ii. 5. that to Christ onl, eThe ministers for th' purpose hurried thence

am not worthi to be clepid thi sone : make me as oon of not to angels, hath God put in subjection this app to con Me, and thy crying self.- Shakes. Tempest, Act i. sc. 2. thin hirid men.--Wiclif. Luke, c. 15.


Milton, Paradise Lost, a un

Clarke, vol. i. &c.

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The Catholic writers, both they that were before and they

Even from out thy slime

But nature has so placed the dug, that as it endeth one that were after the Council of Nice, have unanimously de- The monsters of the deep are made; each zone

way in a spongeous kind of flesh full of small pipes, and clared God the Father to be greater than the Son; even Obeys thee; thou goest forth, dread, fathomiess, alone. made of purpose to transmit the milk, and let it distill according to his divinity: yet this not by nature indeed, or

Byron. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, c. 4. gently by many little pores and secret passages so it yieldby any essential perfection, which is in the Father, and is

FATIDICAL. Fr. Fatadic; Lat. Fatidicus ; | little babe's mouth.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 181.

eth a nipple in manner of a faucet, very tit and ready for the Fanting in the Son : but only by fatherhood, or his being the author and original, forasmuch as the son is from the father, FATI'FEROUS. not the father from the son.--Bp. Bull. Life, by Nelson.

FAUCHON. See Falchion. dicere, or ferre, to tell or declare, to bring or bear For why should he that's impotent fate or that which is fated. See Fate.

FAVEL. A name given to yellow coloured To judge, and fancy, and invent,

Declaring what is fated, ordained or determined. horses, as bayard, blanchard, to bay or brown and For that impediment be stopt

And if it be true what the antients write of some trees, To own, and challenge, and adopt,

See CCRRY. At least th’expos'd and fatherless

that they are fatidical, these come to foretel, at least wise grey. Poor orphans of the Pen and Press,

to wish you, as the season invites me, a good new year. Neither yet let any man curry fanell with him selfe after

Howell, b. iv. Let. 4. this wise; the faute is but light, the law is broken in nothing Whose parents are obscure or dead

but in this parte.-Udal. James, c. 2. Or in far countries born and bred.

FA'TIGATE, v. Lat. Fatigare, -atum, quasi
Butler. Satire upon Plagiaries.

FA'TIGATE, adj. fatim agere, sive agitare, FAUGH, or Is the past part. of the A. S. The latter part of my poem, which describes the fire, I

FATIGATION. atque ita ad lassitudinem Fon. Sverb Fian, to hate; and means owe, first to the piety and fatherly affection of our monarch to his suffering subjects; and, in the second place, to the

FATIGUE, v. perducere, to reduce to a (any thing) hated, (Tooke, ii. 176.) courage, loyalty, and magnanimity of the city. Fatigue, n. state of weariness. Fatim,

Get. An emperour's cabinet ? Dryden. Letter to Sir R. Howard. perhaps froin fando, quasi copiam signet, quam Fough, I have known a charnel-house smell sweeter. But yet, to do justice to these (Homer, Virgil, Horace) difficile sit furi, (Vossius.)

If emperour's flesh have this savour, what will mine do, and the rest, Fatigate has given place to fatigue. “ Fr. Fa

When I am rotten ?-Beaum.&Fletch.Propheless, Act ii.sc.2. Of the poor Pagan Poets, it must be confest, That time, and transcribing, and critical note tiguer,—to weary, tire, trouble, cloy, overtoyl ;

FAVI'LLOUS. Lat. Favilla, bright or hot Have father'd much on them, which they never wrote. to give no rest unto.”

embers, or ashes; from Gr. Puw, sive Eolico pauw, Byrum, Epistle 2.

He, whiche should write the negligent losses, and the luceo,-lucere, to shine. In truth he [Languerre) was, says Vertue, a modest, un- pollytyque gaynes, of euery citee fortresse and turrett, Of or pertaining to embers or ashes. Gtriguing man, and, as his father-in-law John Tijou said, whyche were gotten and loste in these dayes, shoulde fatifod had made him a painter, and there left him. gate and weary the reader.-Hall. Hen. VI. an. 12.

The fungous parcels about the wicks of candles onely sig

nifieth a moist and pluvious ayr about them, hindering the Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. iv. c. 1.

And Fabius, beinge payneful in pursuinge Anniball from evolation of the light and favillous particles: whereupon O reader! if thou doubtest of these things, place to place awaytynge to haue hym at aduauntage at the

they are forced to settle upon the snuff. Ask the cries of the fatherless, they shall tell thee, laste dyd so faligale hym and his hoste, that therby in con

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. v. c. 22. And the tears of the widow shall contirm their truth. clusion his power mynyshed, and also the strength of the Dodsley. Epitaph on Queen Caroline. Carthaginenses, of whom he was generall capytayne.

FAULT, v. Fr. Faulte ; It. Fallo; Sp.

Sir T. Elyot. Governour, b. ii. c. 10.
FATHOM, v. A.S. Fæthm; Dut. Vadem;

Fault, n. Fálta ; from the Lat. Fallere,
The Athenienses, by feare beinge put from theyr accus-
Ger. Fadem ; a measure of six

Fa'ULTER, n.
Fa'thom, n. or

to deceive ; that into which any tomed accesse to their gouernours to require justice, and FA'don. feet. A.S. Fathmian; Dut.

FA'ULTFUL. one is deceived or beguiled; and therewith being fatigate as men oppressed with continuall FA'THOMABLE. iniurie, toke to them a desperate courage, and in conclusion

FA'Ulty. thus-
Vademen, utraque manu ex-

FA'ultily. An error, a mistake; an
tensa complecti, to embrace expelled out of the cytie all the said tyrates, and reduced it
vnto his pristinate gouernance.-Id. ib. b. ii. c. 9.

FA'ULTINESS. rith each hand extended. Wachter derives from

offence, trespass or transgres. jer. Fassen, capere, comprehendere, to take, hold with the oppression of their new landlordes, rendered their

For the poore and needy people beyng fatigate, and wery FA'ULTLESS. sion; a failure; defect or defi. of comprehend.

Andtownes before thei were of theim required.

ciency; a want. To comprehend or embrace, (met.) to compre

Hall. Hen. VI. an. 85. To fault ; to be in error or mistake; also, to end, to conceive; and (from the noun, as a mea- The earth alloweth him nothing, but at the price of his

accuse of being in error or mistake; to lay an ure of depth) to dive to the bottom, discern, sweat or fatigation.

error or mistake, offence or transgression, to the iscover or ascertain, the depth; (met.) the

Mountague. Devoute Essayes, pt. i. Treat. 20. s. 1. charge of another. Beaning.

Mahumete (the Second) leaueth no time vnspent, no dili- O Deuel, said the king, this is a foltid man, Thus running north-east by north, and north-east fiftie gence vnsought, but maketh all his power to Cyprus and When he with trechettyng bi nyght away so ran. agues, then we sounded, and had 160 sadomes whereby we

Albaniæ, which hee after long fatigation of siege, at length Thei red him alle a mysse, that conseil gaf therto. hought to be farre from land, and perceiued that the land ouercame and subdued.-Fox. Martyrs, p. 683.

R. Brunne, p. 164. not as the globe made mention. And so the conqueror, fatigu'd in war,

And to the tree she goth ful hastily,
Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 236.
With hot pursuit of enemies afar,

And on this faucon loketh pitously,
The temple after the China manner of building is most of
Reclines to drink the torrent gliding by,

And held hire lap abrode, for well she wist
mber, the walls of brick diuided into fiue iles with rowes
Then lifts his looks to repossess the sky.

The faucon muste fallen from the twist I pillars on both sides, which are of round timber as bigge

Parnell. The Gift of Poetry. Whan that she swoined next, for faute of blood.

Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,757. s two men can fathome.-Purchas. Pilgrimage, b. iv. c. 19. One of the missionaries witnesses, that being himself so

There is indeed such a depth in nature, that it is never fatigued, that he could hardly sit on the horse, a mandarin He that faulteth, faulleth against God's ordinaunce, who ke to be throughly fathomed : and such a darkness upon

gave him one of these ; [the gin-seng ;) upon eating half of hath forbidden all faulles, and therefore ought againe to be ome of God's works, that they will not in this world be

it, in an hour's time he was not, in the least, sensible of any punished by God's ordinaunce, who is the reformer of faultes, fund out to perfection.-Glanvill, Ess. 4. weariness.-Cambridge. The Scribleriad, (note 19.)

for he sayeth, leaue the punishment to mee, and I will re

uenge them.-Sir J. Cheke. The Hurt of Sedition. The Christian's best faculty is faith, his felicity therefore

When at last he [Mr. Zincke) raised his price from twenty

to thirty guineas, it was occasioned by his desire of lessen- Knowledge your fautes one to another: and praye one for of fathomable by reason, but apprehensible by his faith, and ing his fatigue, for no man, so superior in his profession, another, that ye may be healed.--Bible, 1551. James, c. 5. the evidence of things not seen either the eye of sense was less intoxicated with vanity.

Unto him that is able to keep you, that ye fall not, & to t reason; and as his felicity, so is his life, spirituali.

Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. iv. c.5.

present you fautles before the presence of hys glory we joye, Bp. Hall. Satan's Fiery Darts Quenched, Dec. 3. you with counters summe

Fatuity. The past proportion of his infinite;

a vaticinando, (presaging) dic- be glorye, maiestye, dominion, and power, nowe and for

euer.-Id. Ib. Sayncte Judas, c. I. And buckle in a waste most fathomlesse

tus, sed quia vates furore correpti vaticinarentur; With spannes and inches so diminutive, inde pro vesanis sumi cæpit, (Vossius.)

For a plaine supersticion is it, to make Angels equal with The common word now, as applied to persons, is

Christ. And a faultie humbleness it is, through Angels to

loke for that whiche should of Christ himselse be asked, or Shakespeare. Troil. & Cress. Act ii. sc. 2. | infatuated ; bereft of reason, of common sense ; at the least wise through Christ of the Father. But here lies the fathomless absurdity, that granting this foolish, imbecile.

Udal. Colossians, c. 2. it bodily defect, they will not grant it for any defect of the niad, any violation of religious or civil society: And may the sun, that now begins t' appear

O how sorowfull am I, for in all these am I fautie. l'th' horison to usher in the year,

Golden Boke, Let. 6. Milton. Tetrachordon. Where fadom-line could neuer touch the ground. Melt all those fatuous vapours, whose false light

Fenner an Englishman's book, which boastingly and Purblinds the world, and leads them from the right.

stately enough bore the title of Theologia Sacra, which by Shakespeare. 1 Pt. Hen. IV. Act i. sc. 3.

Brome. Epistles. A New Year's Gift. stealth and very faultily, came out here first, was not long The short reach of sense, and natural reason is not always I'll ne'er admire ble to falhom the contrivance, or to discern the rare and

after printed again by them, (of Geneva,) although it were the urious disposal of them, (the events and contingencies of That fatuous fire

same cramb of discipline with Travers's, and stuffed with That is not what it seems.

Id. The Politician. fe. --South, vol. X. Ser. 5.

infinite heterodox doctrine and errors.

Strype. Life of Whitgift, vol. ii. p. 166. Whitgift to Beza. Ideocy or fatuity à nativitate, vel dementia naturalis, is was Amri, and not only knew,

such a one as described by Fitzherbert, who knows not to Lamachus rebuked and checked a certaine captaine of el's sanctions into practice drew;

tell twenty shillings, nor knows his own age, or who was his footmen, for some fault committed in his charge; and when that did a boundless ocean seem, father.-Hale. Pleas of the Crown.

the other said for himselfe; That he would do no more so: asted all, and fathom'd all by him.

he replied againe: Yea, but you must not fault twise in Dryden. Absalom & Achitophel. FAVAGINOUS. Formed upon the Lat.

warre.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 345.
e rather willing to patch up a present difficulty,
Favus, a honey-comb.

Her scorn and pride had almost lost her life;
than to meet it fairly, to fathom its depth, and
Formed like a honey-comb.

A maid so faulted seldom proves good wife.
what was likely to be a solid and permanent
emedying a real evil, and preventing its arising lozenge seeds of the noble flower of the sunne.
A like ordination there is in the faraginous sockets, and

Machin. The Dumb Knight, Act iii. sc. 1.
-Foz. Speech on the Affairs of Ireland, 1782.

If we can be good with pleasure, hee grudgeth not our joy;

Brown. Cyrus' Garden, c. 3. Disean exhibits, fathomless and broad,

if not, it is best to stint ourselves : not for that these comMuch of the pow'r and majesty of God. FAUCET. Fr. Fausset, quasi faucis obtura

forts are not good, but because our hearts are evill: faulting

not their nature, but our use and corruption Cowper. Retirement. mentum, the stop of the mouth, (Minshew.)

Bp. Hall. Holy Observations, $ 13, 769

5 F



As leares and reasons.

Sincere But Isra Our law

Were con

They we It any rato

conside tueans of in future


Leost. 'Tis my fault.

A favour is applied to the colours, the badge of Her. There's some ill planet raignes : Distrust of others springs, Timagoras, distinction worn by the party favoured. And, to

I must be patient, till the heauens looke From diffidence in ourselves . but I will strive,

With an aspect more fauourable. With the assurance of my worth and merits, favour,

Shakespeare. Winter's Tale, Act ii sc.1, To kill this monster, Jealousy.

To follow the party, wear the colours or badge ;
Al assinger. The Bondman, Act v. sc. 1. and thus, to imitate or resemble the colour, hue, divine providence) ought to rest persuaded of its facourette

We (having such abundant securitie of the partizitie of If iustice said, that iudgement was but death

complexion, feature, countenance, and other qua- ness, et'n in all those encounters which seem the most irWith my sweete words, I could the king perswade, lities or qualifications; and, generally, to re

reconcileable to our sense. And make him pause, and take therein a breath semble. And

Mountague. Devoute Essayes, pt. ii. Treat. 4. st. Till I with suite, the faultors peace had made. Mirrour fur Magistrates, p. 499.

Well or ill favoured ; well or ill complexioned, If any seemed either in point of religion or morality to be So fares it with this faultful lord of Rome. countenanced, qualified.

better than others, such persons were by the farokters of

episcopacy termed Puritans.
Shakespeare. Rape of Lucrece.
The pape sauh out of cours the wikkedness of Jon,

Milton. Defence of the People of Englasd. And so long as it may bee encreased, surely that which is

Him & his fautours he cursed euerilkon,

& enterdited this lond. lesse than it ought, is faully, from which faultinesse it must

Por, look how many farourites ye have ben, following and R. Brunne, p. 209.

courting one patrone, so many shalle ye now be opposits needes follow, that there is no just man upon earth which

Ther hue is wel wyth eny kynge, wo is the reome

one enemie.-Holland. Livirs, p. 228. doth good, and sinneth not, and thence in God's sight shall

For hue is faverable to fals. that defouleth treuthe. none living be justified.--Bp. Hall. The Old Religion.

Piers Plouhman, p. 47.

Revenge at first thought sweet,

Bitter ere long back on itself recoiles ;
But faulty men use oftentimes

While fortune vnfaithfull, fauoured me with light goods,
To attribute their folly vnto fate,

Let it; I reck not, so it light well aim'd, that sorowful houre, that is to saie, the death, had almost And lay on heaven the guilt of their own crimes.

Since higher I fall short, on him who next
drent mine hedde.--Chaucer. Boecius, b. i.

Provokes my envy, this new farorile
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 4.

Of heaven.

Millon. Paradise Lost, bin His song was all a lamentable lay

Ant for they seigh, he was a semely knight,
Of great unkindnesse, and of usage hard,
Well fauoured in euery man's sight.

Yea, and he [Socrates) pierced deeper into the souls and Or Cynthia the ladie of the sea,

Lidgate. The Story of Thebes, pt. i. hearts of his hearers, by how much he seemed to seek out Which from her presence faultlesse him debard.

the truth in common, and neuer to farorize and maintain Id. Colin Clout's come home againe. But nathelesse the lacke of her (Fortune) fatour

any opinion of his own.--Holland. Plutarch, p. 833.

He may not doe me sing though that I die. And correspondence ev'ry way the saine,

Chaucer. Balade of the Village. There chaunced to bee one who perceiving him com.in That no fault-finding eye did ever blame.

The whiche our olde mother is

betweene and inclining to favorize cne part above the Davies. On Dancing. The erthe, doth that and this

other ; rayled bitterly at him.-Id. Suetonius, p. 93. And verily it is a great comfort to us that though there be Receyueth, and aliche deuoureth, but few, there are some chosen ; especially considering that That she to nouther part fauoureth.Gower. Con. A. b. v.

Sith of that Goddesse I have sought the sight, you and I also are as capable of being in the number of those

Yet no where can her find : such happinesse few, as any other whatsoever, and it is our own faults if

The God of loue is fauourable

Heven doth to me envy and fortune favourletse.

To hem, that ben of loue stable. Id. Ib. b. iv. we be not.--Beveridge, vol. ii. Ser. 90.

Spenser. Faerie Quceae, b. ii 2.9.
But fortune is more
O Nature ! frail and faulty in thy frame,

For when that men of merit go ungrac'd,
Unto that one parte fauourable.

Id. Ib. b. y.
Fomenting wishes, Honour must condemn;

And by her fautors ignorance held in,
Or O! too rigid Honour thus to bind,
And as the common people regardeth more fnuour, than

And parasites in good men's rooms are plac'd When Nature prompts, and when desire is kind. iustice, suche officers are most fauonred, to whom the princes

Only to soothe the highest in their sin: Lansdown. The British Eschantress, Act v. sc. 1. doth most incline. All this we saie, to shew, howe that in

From those whose skill and knowledge is debas'd, the time of this good emperour, wise men were fauoured.

There many strange enormities begin. He [King Charles II.) said she [the Queen) was a weak

Golden Buke, c. 4.

Drayton. The Barons' ors. b. it. woman, and had some disagreeable humours, but was not capable of a wicked thing: and considering his faultiness

In the while, Whan the Kyng of Nauerr knewe the trouth of the dethe towards her in other things, he thought it a horrid thing to of the prouost, his great frēde, and of other of his sect, he

Take from their strength some one or twaine or more abandon her.-Burnet. Own Time, an. 1678.

Of the maine fautors. was sore displeased, bicause the prouost had ben euer to

B. Jonson. Sejanes, Ad i hym right fauourable.-Berners. Frois. Cron. vol. i. c. 188. Nor is the People's judgment always true;

Thou, thou, the fautresse of the learned well; The most may err, as grossly as the few, But anon after, he returning to hy's disciples, aduised and

Thou nursing mother of God's Israel; And faultless Kings run down by common cry, exhorted them to a more larger faururablenesse, that thei

Thou, for whose loving truth the heaven raines For vice, oppression, and for tyranny shoulde not onely not murmour against the goodnesse of

Sweet mel and manna on our flowery plaines. Dryden. Absalom & Achitophel. God, but also thei shulde by al meanes and wales possible,

Browne. Britannia's Pastorals, bis folow the same goodness of God on their own behaltes. He who is gratified with that which is faulty in works of

When she (Queen Elizabeth) was enlarged and dismissed

Udal. Luke, c. 16. art, is a man of bad taste : and he who is pleased or dis

lome, yet a guard was app

ted over her at her own best pleased, according to the degree of excellence or faultiness,

Which request being verye agreeable to ye quietness & which were, Sir Thomas Pope and Sir George Cage: 953 is a man of wood taste.

tranquilitee of his realme, & especially at yi time, he dyd were always spies upon her, and her family, and often in Becilie. Elements of Moral Science, pt. i. c. 1. s. 11. Jauourably graunt & benygnly assent vnto.

her servants, whom she most favoured, werd sent away ino

Hall. Hen. VII. an. 13. her.-Strype. Memorials. Mary I. an. 1553. For who is there among the sons of men that can pretend, on every occasion, throughout his own life, to have pre

He brought in men of arms to defed his cause, the monkes The Church, when it was first planted by Christ, asli served a faultless conduct.-Blair, vol. v. Ser. 13.

laide about the like prety men, with stoles, pottes, and can- pagated by his Apostles, subsisted, as we knew, and

dlestickes, till the warriours heades were wel fouerdly broken. creased for near 300 years together without the auxizm FAUN. 1 Dii agrorum silvarumque; Gods

Bale. English Votaries, pt. ii. of the Civil Powers, which were generally so far ho Fa unist.s of the fields and woods; so called I left a certain letter behind me which was read in the

shewing it any favour, that they endeavoured all the truth from Faunus, an ancient King of Italy. church of Bethleem, the which letter my aduersaries haue

to extirpate and root it up.-Bp. Beceridge, rol. i. Ser du Faunist, generally-a naturalist.

very euil faueredly translated and sinisterly expounded. He liv'd with all the pomp he could derise,

Fox. Martyrs, p. 577. Letters of John Huss. At tilts and tournaments obtain'd the prize; The Satyrs, and the Fawns, by Dian set to keep,

For of fence, almost in everye towne, there is not onely But found no favour in his lady's eyes ; Rough hills and forest holts were sadly seen to weep, maisters to teach it, with his provosters, ushers, scholers,

Relentless as a rock, the lofty maid, When thy high-palmed harts, the sport of bows and hounds, and other names of arte and schole, but there hath not Turn'd all to poyson that he did or said. By gripple borderers' hands were banished thy grounds. fayled also, which hath diligentlye and favouredlye written

Dryden. Theodore & Herria Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 24. it, and is set oute in printe, that euerye man maye reade it.

Ascham. Toxophilus.

The violent on both sides will condemn the character el The God [Bacchus,) returning ere they (the vines] dy'd,

Absalom, as either too farourabiy or too hardly draen. “ Ah! see my jolly fawns," he cry'd, Therefore we praye you for the honnour and reuerence of

Id. Absalom & Achitopel. To the Beader, The leaves but hardly born are red,

the Goddes, whych were then faunurers of oure societye and And the bare arms for pity spread.-Parnell. Bacchus. fellishipp, and in remembrance of all the seruices and me- The comparison betwixt Horace and Jurenal is one rittes towardes all the Grekes : that you wylle appease and

difficult; because their forces were more equal. A cięte The southern parts of Europe, which may be supposed to mytygate youre hartes towardes us.

has always been, and ever will continue, betwixt the 18receive during winter, many of our land birds, have as yet

Nicolls. Thucidides, fol. 85. vourers of the two Poets, procluced no faunist to assist the inquiries of the naturalists,

Id. On the Origin and Progress of Salere. which must account for the imperfect knowledge we have

And after was the sayde Frenshe kynge hadde vnto a of the retreat of many of our birds.

place called Sauoy, whiche thenne was a pleasaunt palays But he that for your sakes could part with such a trenhet Barrington. On the Migration of Birds.

and fayre lodgynge, belongyng that tyme into the Duke of and such a friend, you may be sure hash now no faresizim

Lancastre, and after brent and dystroyed by Jak Strawe and but his people.
Fr. Favoriser ; It. Favo. his fawlours.-Fabyan, vol. ii. an. 1356.

Parliamentary Hist. 30 Charles II. an. 129. Fa'vour, n. rire; Sp. Favorecer ; Lat.

Though, of all men, FAVOURABLE. Favere, from the Gr. Þaw,

They were made to swear, that they should discoters He hated you, Leosthenes, as his rival,

whom they knew to hold these errors, or who were :J FA'VOURABLENESS.

So high yet he prized my content, that, knowing (q.d.) cupio fari in gratiam You were a man I fauour'd, he disilain'd not,

pected of them or did keep any private convertics, FAVOURABLY. alicujus. See Vossius, and Against himself, to serue you.

were fautors, or comforters of them that published $* FAVOURENLY.

doctrines.-Burnet. Hist. of the Refor, vol

. i. b. i. an. 15l. Lennep.

Massinger. The Bondman, Act iv. sc. 3.
To bear good will to or Great things, and full of wonder in our eares,

Confess that beauty best is taught,
FAVOURITE, 17. towards; to will, wish or
Far differing from this world, thou hast reveal'd,

By those, the faror'd few, whom hear'n bas lent

The power to seize, select, and reunite
Favourite, adj.

Divine interpreter, by favour sent
desire, the interests or ad-
Down from the Empyrean to forwarne

Her loveliest features; and of these to forin FA'VOURITISM. vantages; to aid or assist Us timely of what might else have bin our loss,

One archetype complete of sovereign grace. FA'VOurize. with service or support, or Unknown, which human knowledge could not reach.

Mason. Thc Englies Garden, bi FAVOURLESS. protection; to further,

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. vii.

He (Neckar) is conscious, that the sense of mankind is ex FA'UTOR. promote or advance the Cym. I haue surely seene him,

clear and decided in farour of economy, and of the web FA'UTRESS. interests or advantages; His fauour is familiar to me: boy,

and value of its resources, that he turas himself to em

Thou hast look'd thyselfe into my grace, to countenance or protect.

species of fraud and artifice, to obtain the mere reputation And art mine owne.-Shakespeare. Cymbel. Act. v. sc. 5. of it.-Burke. Speech on Economical Refern.

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