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POW sudden were alarmed with the noise of a drum, and imme- POMP.
POSSESS, o. dialely entered my little godson to give me a point of war.
The worth of the physician is to be estimated by his
A-lady myn how god hath made the riche,
Thy self allone al richesse to possede. The trumpets and kettle-drums of the cavalry were next
Aikin's Letters, ii. 41.
Lyfe of our Ladye. Carton, i. 11. heard to perform the beautiful and wild point of war ap- PONDER.
The circumstances, which originate the sense of property, propriated as a signal for that piece of nocturnal duty (setting the watch), and then finally sunk upon the wind
O my liege Lord, the God of my life,
serve to explain this one fact, the existence of a possessory with a shrill and mournful cadence.
Pleaseth you pond your suppliants plaint.
feeling, in the heart of every individual who is actuated Waerley, v. ii. ch. 17, near the end. The Eve of Battle.
Spenser. Shep. Cal. Feb. thereby.-Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. i. The ponderer and shaper of his discourses.
c. vi. et aliter. · POISE, 0. Poisy matter; weighty, important.
Whitlock. Manners of the English, p. 149.
POST. There been certes some that speken their poisye mater The thriving of that stratagem of Jacob's, the invention in French, of which speeche the Frenche men hate as of the peeled rods, whereby he was grown so rich, in despite
All those things are passed away like a shadow, and as a good fantasye as wee have in hearynge Frenche mens of Laban's malice, God will have ponderingly considered,
post that hasted by:- Wisdom of Solomon, v. 9. English.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue. Prologue.
and imputed as an act of his special interposition or proNo man that I am allied to in my living, but makes it vidence.-Hammond. Works, v. iv. p. 497.
And thei closiden the doris of the gardeyn, and wenten equal, whether his own use, or my necessity pull first :nor is this fore'd, but the mere quality and poisure of good.
PONENT. Barrow uses Ponibility. See SPACE, out hy & postern (per postiam) for to brenge whiche ness. And do you think I venture nothing? infra.
thingus she bad.- Wic. Dan, xiü. 18. Beaumont and Fletcher. Wit without Money, act i. sc. 1.
POSTHUME. Much has been written on the POISON. The sea broke most surprisingly all around us, and a
etymology of the Lat. Posthumus. See Voss. It Prison on a poole (pole) large swelling sea threatened to poop us.
is clear that the adjective, Postumus, last, from Thei patte up to hise lippes,
Anson's Voyages, b. iii. c. 2. posterus, was very early distinguished from PostAnd beden hym drynke his deeth.
humus. And the latter has been ultimately adopted Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12177. In povernesse of spyrit
in law to distinguish the child born after the death The common opinion is that the thorne whereupon they
Is spedfullest hele.- Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 525. (certain ravenous birds) thus fasten them (their prey) and
of the father (qui post humatum patrem natus est)
Loo! I in my lytyl porenesse (L. V. pouert, in paupet: from one last born in the father's lifetime. Our eate them, is afterward poysonsome.-Speght. Annot. tate) haue mand redy before-the expenses of the hous of
statute and common law take especial cognizance POLICE, s. Policy of Assurance. Not (says the Lord. — Wic. 1 Par. xxii. 14. Skinner) from our word Policy, prudence, but from
And he smoot of the puple senenti men, and fifty thow
of the former—as in Ventre se mere, at the father's
death. We have nothing from the Classic Lat. the It. Poliza, a schedule: and the It.—Menage synde of the porail. (E. V. raskeyl, plebis.)
Id. 1 Kings vi, 19. Postumus. See the Quotation from Fuller, in Dicdeduces from the Lat. Polyptychum, (Gr. TOUA TU• To whom forsothe shal I beholde, but to my porelet
tionary xov, multiplex) variously written, Polyticum, poli-(pauperculum) and contrit in spirit, and tremblende my
wrdis.-Id. Is. lxvi. 2. ticum, poleticum ; — whence he also derives Fr.
POSTHUME, i. e. Imposthume, qv. Pouille, a catalogue of benefices, and Poulets, ama- POPELOT. Chaucer, Milleres Tale, v. 3254. He cleped him-A congregation of vices in his brest, as tory letters—Polyticum, was, multipler tabella (see Either a dim. of Poupee, a puppet; or a corruption
& postume is full of corruption. Diptych), and Poliza or Polisa is explained by of Papilot, a butterfly. Tyrwhitt.
Chaucer. Boecius, l. 3, pr. 4. Florio_" A schedule, a bill, a note, a writing, re
POSTLE. Postle and Postlehed are var. readings membrance, a bond, an inventorie, an obligation.” POPERE. A bodkin. See Skinner.
of Apostle, Apostilhed in Wiclif, Mark vi. 30, 2 Cor. See Menage It. and Fr. Dictionaries, and Du A joly popere bare he in his pouche.
The Reves Tale, v. 3929.
POT. POTSHERD; A part sheared or separated to which the word was applied. A policy of insurance (or assurance) is a contract be
Therfor Jacob took greene zerdis of popeleris. (E. V. from a pot; a fragment of a pot. See SHEAR, and
Gen. xxx. 37. tween A and B, that upon A's paying a premium equiva. Popil zerdis, rirgas populeas.)— Wic.
Quotation from Wiclif. lent to the hazard run, B will indemnify or insure him PORE. Gower writes pire. See PEER.
Under a pot he shall be put against a particular event.
In a pryvye chaumbre.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1249. POLICE, s.
If eny man smyte the eye of his seruannt or of hond It contayned two thousand mesuris of thre quartis, thre To seen small and low govern the hie, and bodies aboue: mayden, and make hem pure blynde (L.V. oon ijed, luscos),
thousand mesuris neez of a potel.-Wic. 3 Kings, vii. 26. certainly that pollisye is nought, it is forbode by them that he shall leave hem fre for the eye that he hath drawun A man would have bin affeard to haue imitated thunder of gouernaunce treaten and enformen. out. - Wic. Er. xxi. 26.
and lightning, if the potlid of that chymique monke had Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.
not, by being tost into the ayre, instructed him. Spain is not an enemy to be feared by a nation, seated, PORRACEOUS.
Wats. "Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. v. c. 2. manned, furnished, and policed, as is England.
I have percile and porettes,
POTECARY. See APOTHECARY.
And many cole plauntes.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4372. POTENCE.
A pik is on that potente (i. e. a crosier).
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5092. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3438. mianus, b. xxv. c. xi.) Portcluse. - Nisibis, the
POVERISH. See IMPOVERISH. And he ordeyned of hem masouns to stoonis to ben hewen strongest Portcluse of the East. and polischit, that the hous of the Lord be bild up.
And portatif and persaunt
Forsothe the puple greetli was poueresht. (L. V. maad Wic. 1 Par. xxii. 2.
pore, attenuatus erat.) - Wic. 2 Esd. v. 18. As the point of a nedle. POLL.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 771. POVERTY. See in v. Poor, Wiclif. A pardon with a peis of leed
And these ben the prouostis, after their cuntrees and Ne Helye ne Austyn, And two polles amyddes.
porcionel princehedis (E. V. porcionelis, porcionales prin- Swyche liif never used, Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8519. cipatus) of hem, that wilt me stieden up fro Babiloyne, in But in povert of spirit Anoon at the comaundement of the Kyng, they polliden the rewme of Artaxerxes.- Wic. 3 Esd. viii. 31.
Spended her tyme.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1561. Joseph (E. V. doddiden, totonderunt), led out of prisoun.
Forsothe he (Dauid) made the sones of Idithum to be
Conrade, lifting high the deadly battle axe, (L. V. top, in rertice), and bare hymn in an her of his hed, That some gode spirit, that ilke eve,
Throngh pouldron and through shoulder deeply driven, and pulle hym in to Babylone, on the lake, in bir of his By mene of some airious port,
Buried it in his bosom. spirit (in impetu).— Id. Dan. xiv. 35. Bare me where I saw payne and sport.
Southey. Joan of Arc, b. viii. v. 454.
Chaucer. Dreame, v. 29. POUNCE.
pounce. Holi thei shulen be to her God, and thei shulen not po- from place to place for the benefit of new pasture; and by
Couper to Unwin, Feb. 29, 1784. lute his name. (L. V. defoule, polluent.).
inventing portatire houses, or tents, for his own convenience POUND, s.
Wic. Lev. xxi. 6. while he attended them.-Geddes. Note on Gen. iv, 20. POMEGRANATE.
Yeven pardon for pens
Pound-mele aboute.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1327. In the middyl litel belles menged, so that the litel belle be gold and a powm garnet; and eft sones another litel
He kan portreye wel the pater-noster,
POUND, v. belle and a poum garnet. (L. V. pyn apple, malum puni
And peynte it with aves. cum.)- Wic Er. xxviii. 33.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9933.
And he that shal falle on this stoon, shal be brokun toWhy shulde I not as wel eke tell you all
gidre; forsothe upon whom it schal falle it shal togidre POME. POMEL. Pomelee Gris; Dappled, grey.
poune hym. (L. V. al to brise, conteret). The purtreiture that was upon the wall.
Wic. Mat. xxi. 44. Fr. Pomèle; pied with spots round as an apple.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1970.
Throughout every regioun
Went this foule trumpet soun,
As swifte as a pellet out of a gonne
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11955. When fire is in the powder ronne.
Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. POMMEL, s.
In the powerlessness of our existing telescopes, we do not
Forsothe pesible hoostis (hostias) they seetheden in know but it may be so-(that the spaces between the (L. V. pomel, ether hilte, capulas) folowid the yren in the wound.-Id. Judg. iii. 22. posnettes. (L. V. pannes, lebetibus.).
known bodies of the system are peopled with little worlds). Wic. Paral. xxxv. 13.
Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. i. c. 7. SUP. VOL. II.
PREFE. See PROVE.
haps illusive) which past successes, as the pledge An abbreviation exquisitely refined for positive.
of future ones, breed.”—Trench. English Past and Swift. Polite Conversation. Introd.
Present, Lec. ii.
What preferment then hathe the Jewe.
They (Christians) were stigmatized by the opprobrious He was perfit praktisour
appellation of Magic. And Augustus had published very If any peril tille.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11015. PRELATE.
rigorous edicts against the whole race of Prastigiators.
White. Bampton Lectures. Ser. iii. p. 149. PRAGMATICK.
Now certainly he (the monk) was a fayre prelat. We cannot always be contemplative or pragmatical
Chaucer. Canterbury Tales. Prol. v. 204.
PRESUME. In Wiclif, Wisdom xvii. 10, mar. abroad ; but have need of some delightful interioissions, PRELIMIT, v. To limit beforehand.
note, Presume is explained to forgesse (sc. grete wherein the enlarged soul may leave off awhile her severe schooling. - Milton. Tetrachórdon.
The lords were highly incensed by this letter (of King yuels to comyng on it silf); and Presumption,
- Four State Truuls. Life of Lord Keeper Herbert, quoted
And pullen forth a presumpcion
101. Forsothe in the fourthe zeer al the fruytis of the trees
To prove the sothe. -Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5711. schal be halewid preiseful. (E.V. preysable, laudabilis.)
Nothing wants, but that thy (Eve's) shape,
Like his, and colour serpentine may shew This maide and eke hire brother to commend
Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. xii. v. 160. With all hire herte in ful benigne entent,
Thy inward fraud, to warn all creatures from thee PREMISE. Dele from Fr. Prémices, line 2, to
Henceforth ; least that too heav’uly form, pretended So wel that no man coud hire preise amend. Chaucer. "The Clerkes Tale, v. 8902. Dryden, line 4, inclusive. And see Additions to
To hellish falshood, share them.
ton. Par. L. b. x. v. 872. Then at laste hem axeth this
Prime. Also dele the Quotations from Holland and
PRETER-GENERATION. Wats. Bacon. Ad.
vancement of Learning, b. iii. c. 4, from the Lat.
Prætergeneratio. PRAISE (Appraise).
The dayes called dies cretici and dies of prenostikes of Ther were chapman ychose
good determynations of the passions of a mans sikenesse or PRETERMIT, v.
the contrarye. This chaffare to preise.
But the pledeing of it (method) as a part of the traine of
other arts, hath bin the cause that many things which rePRANCE, v.
ferre unto it, and are usefull to be knowne, are prater.
miss'd (prætermissa sunt). Mokell wisedome and goodnes bothe nedeth in a persone Soin he yaf wit
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. vi, e. 2. malice in diguitie slily to bridell, and with a good bit of With wordes to shewe, areste to withdrawe, in case it would praunce otherwise (As) prentices of lawe.
PRÆTER-VECTION. Lat. Præter-vectio. A than it should.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.
Pirts Plouhman's Vision, v. 13418.
carrying past or beyond. See VEHICLE.
The place he (Kirchman) produces out of Eunapins to He (S. Johnson) has taken occasion to expose to ridicule That payed nerere for his prentishode
that porpose, seems rather to denote the prater-rection of the childish prattlement of pastoral compositions.
Noght a peire gloves.-Id. 16. v. 2983.
the body to some place, than its elation from the house, Couper to Unwin, Oct. 1779.
wherein it was prepar'd for burial. PREPOST, i. e. Provost, qv.
Pütter. Antiquities of Greece, b. iv. c. 4. PRAY. See Piers Plouhman in v. Prison. And he ordeynede hym prepost or souereyn (præpo
PRETOR. Be thou convertid, Lord, hou longe; and louli preyable be
situm) on Egipt, and on al his hous. thou vp on thi seruauntis. (L. V. able to be preici, depre
Wic. Deeds vii. 10, and Heb. xii. 24. And he comaundide him for to be kept in the pretorie cabilis.)- Wic. Ps. Ixxxix. 13.
(in pratorio) or moot hall of Heroude. PRE-SCIENT.
Wic. Deeds xxni. 35. PREACH. Petre, apostle of Jhesu Crist, to the chosen gestis or
PREVARICATE. The erle should be the next morning by viji of the clocke comelingis of dispersioun or scatteringe abrood, of, etc. up And Adam was not disceyued in feith, forsooth the in the market place, and then preche to the people. the prescience (secundum prascientiam) or bifore knowinge womman was disceyued in feith, in preuaricatioun or Berners' Froissart, v. i. p. 576. of God the fadir.- Wic. 1 Pet. i. 2.
brekyng of the lawe (prevaricatione. M.V. transgression).
Wic. 1 Tim. ii. 14. PRECEL, v.
That terrible term predestination, which hath troubled
so many weak heads to conceive, and the wisest to explain, The whiche by manere was semblable to the prevaricaBe še suget to eche creature of men for God; other to
is in respect to God no prescious determination of our tion (by lyk and contrarye). the kyng, as precellent, or more woorthi in staat, other to
states to come, but a definitive blast of his will already dukis. (L. 1. hijer in state, præcellenti.)
The Golden Legend. Carton, fo. 16, c. 3. fulfilled, and at the instant he first decreed it. Wic. 1 Pet. ii. 13.
Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. xi. PREVE, i. e. Prove, qv. There are many and great precellencies (præcellentiæ) of the soule of man, aboue the soules of beasts, evident unto PRE-SENSATION.
PREVENT. those who philosophize eren according to sense.
The ravenous fowls of heaven Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 3.
She preventeth them that desire her in making herself Flock there, presentient of their food obscene.
first known unto them.-- Wisdom of Solomon, vi. 13. PRECINCT.
Southey. Don Roderick, 6 xvii.
Thus they in lowliest plight repentant stood
Praying,—for from the mercy-seat above, temple, be he sleyn. (L.V. closyng, septum.).
Broche hem with a pak-nedle,
Prevenicnt grace descending had remov'd
The stony from their hearts, and made new flesh
Regenerate grow instead.-Viton. Par. L. b. xi. v. 3. PRECISE. We call-Prenotion-a Precision of And pyne hem thereinne.
Half way he met endless investigation, abscissionem.-— Wats. Ba on.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2897. His daring foe, at this prevention more
16. b. vi, v. 129. Advancement of Learning, b. v. c. 5. See the Quo
wolde be maad a pilgrym and a disıyple, The Queen a legion to King Turnus sent, tation from Bacon in v. Prenotion, in Dictionary. more wilnyng other mennus thingis shamfastli to lernen, But the swift horse the slower foot prevent. than his owne unshamfastli to prece forth.
Dryden. Æneid, b. ix. v. 504. PREDIAL
Wic. Bible. Pref. Ep. p. 61. He charged the soldiers with preventive care,
Id. 16. b. x, v. 361. Of theyr predyall landes.
gaderith grapis, Y fillide the pressour. (E.V. presse, tor- PREY.
And he toke proyes of the citee (L.V. preies, spolia) and PREDOOMED, i. e. Foredoomed, qv. of body to beare armes, although they were not come to
brente it with tijr, and distriyede housis therof, and wallis the lawful age for service, to prest them soldiours.
therof in cumpas.- Wic. 1 Mac. i. 33. Were ways of darkness, and her death predoom'd
Holland. Liry, p. 548.
PRICK. To the black hour of midnight.
An excellent critic of our own commends Boileau's Southey. Curse of Kehama, b. vi. $4; b. xi. $ 3. closeness, or, as he calls it, pressness, particularly;
I may no lenger lette, quod he, whereas it appears to me, that repetition is his fault, if
And lyard he priktde. PREEN, .
Piers Plouhmar's Vision, v. 13088.
Young. Lore of Fame. Preface. (Oon) Bare-foot on an asse bak
Boot-les cam prikye.-ld. Ib. v. 12093.
I paide it (tithe) ful prestly,
(He is) a prikere on a palfrey.-Id. lb. v. 6220. For peril of my soule.
The she calf fair and shapli (is) Egipt; the prickere sro Forsothe Dauid harpide with his hond, as bi all daies :
Piers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 3992 and Saul helde a spere, and caste, and gesside that he
the North (stimulator) shal come to hir.
Wic. Jer. xlvi. 20. Prest is the Book of Levy (L. 1'. Opun), in the whiche myšte prene (E V. pitche to gidre, configere) Dauid with the wal; that is, perse with the spere, so that it schulde
alle sacryfices ..
Upon the deed te shulen not kitte zoure flesh, ne eny passe til to the wal. - Wic. 1 kings xviii. 11.
Wic. Bible. Pref. Ep. p. 57. pryckyngis je shulen not make to jow. (L.V.ether marhis And Saul enforside to prene (E. V. fitche to gidre, confi
in zoure fleisch, stigmata.)-Id. Lev. xix. 28.
PRESTIGE, s. Now in common use. Prestges gere) with the spere Dauid in the wall
Thou art he that hast ouercome the pryck of deth-thnt Id. 16. xix. 10. Second Version. was formerly used in French as explained above (in is—the deuyll.– The Golden Legend. Cizton, fo. 26, c. 2.
Dictionary). See Cotgrave. Later Dictionaries, As when, to warn proud cities, war appears
Wag'd in the troubled sky, and armies rush
To battle in the clouds, before each van it ynewi for to have said so myche of prefacion, or byfore(Boiste continues), par art, fascination. Prestige
Prich forth the airy knights, and couch their spears (de profutrone).-- Wic 2 Mac. ii. 33
is applied by us—“ To that moral influence (per- Till thickest legions close. - Milton. Tur. L. b. i. v. 536.
To fon it is honen for to knowe the mysterie or priuyte PROGNOSTIC, v. Alle his dazis the anpitons man proud-th. (L.V. is proud, (mysteria) of the kyngdam of heuenes.-la. Mat. xiii. 11.
Those acute and subtile spirits (the devils) in all their superbit.)-Wic. Job xv. 20.
Loke who that is most vertuous alway,
sagacity, can hardly divine who shall be saved; which if Prive and apert; and most entendeth, ay,
they could prognostic, their labour were at an end, nor PRIMATE To do the gentil dedes that he can,
need they compass the earth seeking whom they may deForsothe Appolonye, sone of Nestei, was sent into Egipt
And take him for the gretest gentilman.
vour.--Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. \ lvii. for primatis, ether princes of Tolome Philemetor, the kyng.
Chaucer. Wij of Bathes Tale, v. 6696.
Nor can this remote matter suddenly
Progress so from extreme unto extreme, receydeth not us.-ld. 3 John ix.
From the A. S. Hent-an, to take (as the Hand), is As to grow gold, and leap o'er all the means.
Ben Jonson. Alchemist, act ii. sc. 3. PRIME (time). From six to nine in the morn- hendere (to pre-hend, qv.), contracted into prendere, PROGUE. See PRIG. ing. Primitiæ or Primices. Fr. Prémices; It.
past. part. prensum ; and hence, the It. prendere ; Primizia ; Sp. Primicia; Lat. Primitiæ. First fruits. Sp. prender; Fr. prendre; It. and Sp. preso; Fr.
PROINE. See PRUNE. See ANNATES.
prins (see in Cot.) pris; and on this past part. is PROLATE. There I shal seche your prymysies or first fruytis, and founded the verb, priser. Both Latin verb and Fr.
Bycause at the prolacion and repetition of this canticle the bigynnynge of your tithis in alle your halewingis.
supply many compounds. And see PraisE, PRE- that tribulacion ceassed. - The Golden Legend, fo. 23, c. 2.
Wic. Ez. xx. 4.
CIOUS, PRENTICE, PRISON, CULPRIT, REPRIEVE,
PROLETARIAN, adj. Lat. Proles. Applied to HAND, HINT. je bretheren loued of God, that God cheer vs primyssis or firste fruytes into heelthe, in halowyng of spirit, and feith (These were the pris neet of Piers plow,
the Roman plebeians, who supplied children to the of treuthe.-12. 2 Thess. ii. 12.
Passynge alle othere.
state, and no other aid. The swetnesse and softnes of pryme temps called veer,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13487. Of 15000 proletaries slain in battle, scarce fifteen are and spryngyn tyme be passed. The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, g.
Opposite to this (the arch of Constantine) is the arch of recorded in history.
Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy. Pref. The courtier needes must recompensed bee
Raymond. A Voyage through Italy in 1646 and 1647. (We) Like speculators should foresee,
From Pharos of authority,
Portended mischiefs, farther than
Low Proletarian tything men.
Butler. Hudibras, pt. i. can. 1. would especially taste of the primices or parcels of flesh
PROLIX. which they had killed.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 638.
Your lordship commanded me to be large, and I take This lanx, in English a charger, or large platter, was But when the infernal troupe he proched neere,
licence to be prolirious, and shalbe peraduenture tedious. yearly filled with all sorts of fruit, which were offered to That still the pagan's ire and rage prouoke,
Hakluyt, v. i. R. Thorne to Dr. Ley. the gods at their festivals, as the premices or first gather- The angell on his wings himselfe did beare,
PROMPT. ings.-Dryden. On the Origin and Progress of Satire. And shooke his lance.
Fairefaz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. ix. st. 63. To procure a ready provision for discourse, arguments PRINCIPAL
may be before band framed, and stored up, about such
PROBLEM. And he zaf reste to alle prouyncis, and grantide large
things as are frequently incident, and come into discepta,
tion; and this we call promptuarie art, or preparation. şiftis aftir principal gret doing. (L.V. worschipful doing bonde, and counseile hyın, that he schewe to thee what the of a prince, magnificentiam principalem.)
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. r. c. 3. Wic. Esth. ii. 18. probleme signyfieth.– Wic. Judges xiv. 15.
PRONE. In Wiclif, Gen. viii. 21, the Lat. zelde to me the gladnesse of thin nelthe ziuere; and
PROCEED, v. PROCESS. Statement of the case Pronus is rendered Redi (in to yuel), and in var. r. with the spirit principal (spiritu principali) conferme thou me.-Id. Ps. 1. 14. proceeding, (account, story). Dyce.
redi ether proone.
To procede thys history.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 327. In the most part therof I durst not turn my horse traPRINCIPLE.
A proces I could tell.–Skelton. Philip Sparrow, v. 735. nerse for all the worldly riches, nor in manner look on my Siluer hath the principlis of his veynes. (L.V. begin
left hand for the pronite and deepness to the valley (from nings, principia.)— Wic. Job xxviii. 1.
PRO-CUMBENT. Lat. Procumbens (procum- the Alps). - Strype, v. i. pt. ii. p. 27. Evil examples ; natural inclination and other prin- bere). To lean forwards; leaning forwards. amant causes, proceeding from the natural weakness of
PRONOUNCE. humane constitution, are the fountain and proper causes of
Procumbent each obey'd, and when the flood
And Helyu pronounside ; and spac also these thingis. many consequent evils,
(E. V. tellende forth, pronuntians.) — Wic. Job xxxiv. 1. Again I hail'd the Cyclops. Bp. Taylor. On Repentance, sec. iv. c. 6,6 70.
Cowper. Odyssey, b. ix. v. 580. But this kind of writing, which seems to be reformed, In which posture of blind credulity, they might be more
which is, that the writing should be consonant to speaking, easily governed by, and made useful to, some sort of men, PROCURE. In Wiclif, Luke iii. 1, Procurante is a branch of unprofitable subtleties; for pronunciation who had the skill and office to principle and guide them. Locke. On Human Understanding, b. i. c. 4, $ 24. Judee, is in var. r. procurynge or kepyng—also pro- utterly confounded and lost. Pontio Pilato Judæam, Pilat of Pounce kepinge itselfe every day encreases and alters the fashion : and the
derivations of words especially from forrain languages are PRINT. curende.
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. vi. c. 1. And Y suffre the for to make smytyng or printe of thin For I make Piers the Plowman own money in thi regioun. (L. V. Prynte, percussuram My procuratour and my reve.
PROPEND, v. numismatis.)— Wic. Mac. xv. 6.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13472. Thou, from the regions of eternal day, Y pocritis, what tempten zee me? Shewe zee to me the PROEM.
View'st all thy works at one immense survey; prynte of the moneye (numisma census),
Hidur to is the Prohemy; tho thingis, that suen weren
Pleas'd, thou behold'st the whole propensely tend
To perfect happiness, its glorious end.
Blacklock. Ps. 104. Imitated. PRISON, s. Is used by Piers Plouhman in the
Let us suppose a person ever so selfish; let private intesense of-Prisoner.
rest have ingrossed ever so much his attention ; yet in in
Many tongues of great false teachings ... loues seruants, (Charité) many a prison fram purgatorie
stances, where that is not concerned, he must unavoidably that professe in his religion of true rule, pursewen to con Thorogh hise preieres he delivereth.
feel some propensity to the good of mankind, and make it founden and to distroyen.--Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10316.
an object of choice, if every thing else be equal.
Hume. Prin. of Morals, sec. v. pt. 2. Lo! Y shal bringe in on thee yuel, and Y shal sle of PROFFER. Achab prisoned (E. V. the closid, clausum), and the laste
The pawme is purely the hand, ia Israel.– Wic. 3 Kings xxi. 21.
And profreth forth the fyngres.
Haile wedded love, mysterious law, true source
Of human offspring, sole propriety
In Paradise of all things common else. plied, Ist, to a Law, in privatos homines, against Emor and to Sichem, his sone.-'Wic." Gen. xxxiv. 18.
Milton. Par. L. b. iv. v. 751. private or single persons; and as such is severely
It is very natural for every king to desire unlimited denounced by Cicero. 2ndly, and subsequently, to
power: it is as proper an object to their appetites as wine I fond there freres,
to a drunkard. -Swift to Pulleney, May 12, 1735. a Law, granting to a single person, or to a body of
Prechyng the peple persons, some power or immunity for their own
For profit of hemselue.
PROPINQUITY. exclusive use or enjoyment. Such exclusive powers
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 118. There neuer propinquity ne aliaunce was. or immunities are also assumed and exercised by And Jhesus profitide (proficiebat) in wysdom, age, and
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii. lawfully constituted authorities, for the better en- grace arremptis God and men.– Wic. Lúke ii. 52.
PROPONE. forcement of the powers committed to them, and for PROFOUND.
The meaning of the proponent, spread out at breadth, the regulation of their proceedings: as by courts
was to joyn the Presbytery with the Bishop in all acts of
Vice and the Devil pot a fallacy opon our reason, and ordination and jurisdiction—to give them the first room and of justice, the houses of parliament. Privilege is in provoking us too hastily to run from it, entangle and pro- first voice and no more. common speech applied in contradistinction to Pre- found us deeper in it.
Hackett. Life of Archbp. Williams, pt. ii. p. 144.
Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ 55. rogative, qv. As the Privileges of the Commons, the
PROPOSE. See PROPONE. Prerogative of the Crown.
PROFUNDITY. See PROFOUND.
Wo to zou scribis and phariseis-ipocrites that coen Ne is it priue fro thee (L. V. hid, clam), that withouten The man asked us by ordre onre progenye (L, V; gene- aboute the see and the lond; to make o prosilite (prosebodies and loond, we han not (nought).
racioun, progeniem), if the fadir lyuede, if we hadden alytum), that is, conuertid to zoure ordre. Wic. Gen. xlvii. 18. brother.- Wic. Gen. xliii. 7.
Wic. Mat. xxiii. 15.
PUR Wo be unto you Scribes and Pharises, ye ypocrites: for stress of their creed on the resurrection rather than on the plains, to sustain. In Berners—it is, to seek ; to ye compasse see and lande, to make one proselyte. crucifixion.-Id. lb. p. 184.
strive to obtain.
He (the Reve) conde better than his lord pourchace ; PROSPER,
Ful riche he was ystored privily.
Chaucer. Prologue, v. 610. And thei porsueden sonys of pride, and the werk had
Publice thow it nevere. prosperite in her hondis (prosperatum est).
For wind and wether almighty God purchace,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6785.
And bring hire home.
Id. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5293. PUCEL, s. Fr. Pucelle, Pucelage; Lat.
Duke Johan of Brabante purchased greatly that the Now in Engelond it is a common protection agens perse- PUCELLAGE. Puella. See MAID. A girl; a erle of Flaanders should have his doughter in marriage. cucion of prelatis, and symme lordis, if a man is customable
Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 168. maid; a virgin. to swere nedeles, and fals and unanisid, bi the boonys, nailes, and sidis, and other membris of Crist.
Pucell without pere!-Chaucer. Envoys, &c. Bal. iii. 54.
Ye Kynge of England made moche purchace to have the
doughter of therle of F. to haue been married to his son
Edward.-Id. Ib. v. i. p. 375. PROTERVE, adj. Lat. Protervus, pro terere
Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ 10.
For what in me was purchas'd
Falles vpon thee in a more fayrer sort.
Shakespeare. 2 Henry IV. act iv. sc. 4. In the last dayes men schulen be louynge hem silf Ne let house-fyres, nor lightnings help-les harmes, unmylde, withoute benignyte, traitours, proterue or ouer
Ne let the pouke, or other evill sprights, . thwert (proterui). (M. V. heady.)- Wic. 2 Tim. iii. 4.
Fray us with things that be not.
And thow shalte gilte it with moost purid gold. (L. V.
Ex. xxv, 24. PROVAND.
Spenser. Epithalamium, v. 341. purest, purissimo.) - Wic
Ywis, Sire King, quoth Sir Fouk, (Mede) provendreth persones,
Ellis. Rom. ii. 195. Richard Corur de Lion.
Purfiled with pelure,
The fyneste upon erthe.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 896. I wol not preve it here.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 76. the man after adolescence, no more than doeth adolescence
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, b. 3, (d. iv. h. 32). Thei shul be clensed clerliche,
And wasshen of hir synnes
PUERPERAL. Puerum parere; to bring forth In my prisone purgatorie. Forgothe Macedonye and Achaye proueden (L.V. assaied, probaverunt) to make sum collacioun, or gedrynge a boy, a child.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12868. Of or pertaining to childbirth,
Thow shalt passe to the hil and hew to thee, and of inoneye, in to pore men of seyntis that ben in Jerusalem. Ilithya, arbitress
purge Id. Rom. xv. 26. Of pangs puerperal.-Cowper. Iliad, b. xvi. v. 225. spacis to dwelle. (L. V. clense, purgabis.)
Wic. Josh, xvii, 18. PROVE, i. e. Approve. PUISSANT.
Thanne al Yrael descendide to Philistiym, that echen Bring eke with you a bolle, or elles a panne,
and purgyng And so puauntely doth smell, i. e. puissauntly, strongly. sharpe his shaar, and diggyng yren, and axe, Ful of water: and ye shul wel see, thanne,
Skelton, v. i. p. 124.
hook. (L. V. picoise (pickaxe), ligonem.) How that our besinesse shall thrive and preve.
Id. 1 Kings xiii. 20. Chaucer. Chan, Yem. Tale, v. 16680. PULE, v.
Forsothe to whom thes ben not redy, he is blynd, and bi Among all his after his wicked usage,
Sep. Off, off; thou must off; off my cowardize,
hond temptynge or assayinge, receyuynge forgetingnes of This markis yet his wif to tempten more
Puling repentance, off.---Beaumont and Fletcher. The the purgynge purgationis, var. r. purgingnesse) of his olde To the uttereste prefe of hire corage.
False One, act iv. sc. 3.
trespassis.-Id. 2 Pet. i. 9. Id. Clerkes Tale, v. 8663.
The humors in anatomie are commonly, past by, as if PULL. PROVIDE. Chaucer makes distinction between
they were superfluous purgaments and excrements. Pardoners hadde pite,
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 2. providence and purveyance. See the Quotation from
And pulled hym into house. him in the Dictionary. As provide is to foresee, so
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1321.
PURITAN. provision is foresight; and is so used by Shake- PULSE.
The name Puritan was put upon them (the Noncon
formists, A. D. 1564), and by that they were commonly speare.
(He) perceyved by his pous
known; when they had been called by that name awhile, In his weies it shal shewe itself to them, and gladsamli
He was in peril to dye.
the vicious multitude of the ungodly called all Puritans, in alle provydence, or bifore ordeynyng (L. V. puruyaunce,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11502. that were strict and serious in a holy life, were they ever so providentia), it shall azen come to them.
conformable! So that the same name in a bishop's mouth, Wic. Wis. vi. 17. While my jealousy of him (Friday) lasted, you may be
signified a Nonconformist, and in an ignorant drunkard's Pros. I haue with such prouision in mine art
or-swearer's mouth, a godly, obedient Christian. sure I was every day pumping him, to see if he would disSo safely ordered, that there is no soulecover any of the new thoughts which I suspected were in
Sylvester. Life and Times of Richard Barter, p. 32. No-not so much perdition as an hayre him.-Defoe. Robinson Crusoe.
We have thought proper to insert in this place an seBetid to any creature in the vessell.'
count of the rise and progress of the Puritans; because Shakespeare. Tempest, act i. sc. 2, fo. 21. PUNGE, v. PUNCTUAL.
Camden marks the present year (1568) as the period when PROVOST.
they began to make themselves considerable in England. The sonus of child wymmen (puellarum) pungiden hem.
Hume. History, c. xl. And Phynees, the sone of Aaron, the sone of Eliazar, (L. V. prickiden, compunxerunt.) — Wic. Judith xvi. 14.
PURLOIN. was prouost of the hows. (L. V. souereyn, præpositus.)
Lo! he cometh with cloudis, and eche ije shal see him,
He that proloyneth his brother which is a fre man, and Wic. Judges xx. 28. and thei that pungeden (pupugerunt) or prickeden hym.
Id. Apoc. i. 7.
sillith hym, shal be slayn.- Wic. Bible. Prol. p. 7. PROXIME.
They (the stars) seem to rowle
PURPLE. This righteousness is the prorimous cause operating to Spaces incomprehensible (for such salvation.–Tucker. Light of Nature, c. xvii. Christian Thir distance argues, and thir swift return
And sum womman, Lidda, bi name, purpuresse (purprise Scheme, 24.
Diurnal) meerly to officiate light
raria) of the citee of Tiatereus, worschipinge God, herde. Round this opacous eerth, this punctual spot,
(M. V. seller of purple.)- Wic. Deeds xvi. 14.
What is forsothe other folk of kynde so noble, that hath
ceremoyns, and rištwis domys, and al the lawe, that I It is neither indifferent, nor true dealing, thus to nip Punysshen he thenketh.
purpose to day before zoure eyen! (L. V. sette forth, pro
Dert. iv. 8. and proine the Doctor's sayings.—Bp. Jewell, ii. 424. Jelf.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13345. ponam.) - Wic
How Caton was lerned in the lawe-a pleder and a purPSALM.
Ne haven God in his eyen sight;
poser in the courtys.
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, a. 1, c. 2. Carton. And therefore God shall him prinice. There thow shalt have metynge a floc of prophetis comynge doon fro the heez, and before hem a sawtree (psalte
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7237.
PURPUREAL, See PURPLE. rium), and a tymbre.— Wic. 1 Kings x. 5. And the kynge wold no double the payne and pugnycion.
A bright belt
The Golden Legend. Carton, fo. 17, c. 2. Now forsothe bryngith to me a sawtrer (psaltem). And
Purpureal (Hector) took from Ajax in return. whanne the sawtrer psaltes) songe ..., PUNY.
Cowper. liad, b. vii, v. 360. Id. 4 Kings iii. 15.
Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of Parliament, or the PURSE, v. PSILANTHROPIST, 8., 2 From Gr. pelos, House of Commons, were not known nor heard of 'till punier Hastow (hast thon) ought in this purs, quod he. PSILANTHROPISM. times than these.-N. Bacon. Hist. Disc. pt. ii. Preface.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3097. mere, and ανθρωπος,
Pap. My little foreign friend purs'd up his lanthorn jaws man. See the Quotations.
with a shrug of contempt.-Foote. The Lyar, act i. If the doctrines, the sum of which I believe to constitute
This is a clene religioun, and anwemmyd anentis God the truth in Christ, be Christianity, then Unitarianism is
PURSUE, r. and the fadir, for to visite
pupilles (pupillos) that is fadirles not, and vice versâ ;-and, in speaking theologically and or modirles or bothe, and widewes in her tribulacioun, and impersonally, i. e. of Psilanthropism, and The-anthropism
For, Sir! my nece wol doen well by the, for to kepe him self vndefoulid fro this world. -as schemes of belief, without reference to individuals,
And love the best, by God and by my trothe
Wic. Jam. i. 27. who profess either the one or the other,-it will be absurd
But lacke of pursute marre it in thy slothe. to use a different language, as long as it is the dictate of
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii, v. 959. PURCHASE. Low Lat. Purchacia, porchaicia, common sense, that two opposites cannot be called by the
She led them on in quick pursual. same name.-Coleridge. Biog. Lit. v. ii. p. 308. per, or rather, por-chaucare; which are derived by
Southey. Don Roderick, xiv. Du Cange from Fr. Pourchasser. Purchase, in PURVEY. I was a Psilanthropist, one of those who believe our Lord to have been the real son of Joseph, and who lay the main Chaucer, Man of Lawes Tale, Mr. Tyrwhitt ex- gyue thou not thi mouth; that thou make thi fleisch to
If we have any certain prenotion, presently that which cashire, in 1624, was founder of this sect.
is infinite is discharged and cut off, and the questing of PUSH.
Hume. History of England, c. 62. An. 1660.
memory is brought within a more narrow compass. For a cat
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. v. c. 5. QUALMIRE. See QUAG. Pleide with hem perillousle
It (an opinion) has to undergo a long questionary process, And possed about.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 302.
among the fumes, and the filtrations, and the intense heat All the lockes, alle the barres and shittynges (i. e. shut.
of a laboratory. tings), ben broken and to pusshed.
And whanne zit he quappid (L. V. spraulide, palpitaret), Chalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt. ii. c. 2.
QUETH. See QUOTH.
Wic. 2 Kings xviii. 14. PUSIL, adj. Little. See PUSILLANIMOUS.
Achior fel in to his face rpon the erthe, and his lif qunp- QUIBBLE. See Quip. But now it (Spiritus) is knowne to be a corporall and pide. (L. V. his soule suffride eneyntizyng, æstumvit anima materiate substance, it is necessarie to be enquired, by ejus.)-Id. Judith xiii. 29.
QUICKEN. See Piers Plouhman in v. Quench, what efforts such a pusill (pusilla) and thin soft aire should
supra. put in motion such solid and hard bodies.
And tho was he conquerour called
Of quyke and of dede.
Pers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13065. See Tatler, No. 230; where this word, with banter,
rers. (L. V. out of the delues, ether quarreris, de lapuli-
QUINCES. Written Coines, is enumerated bamboozle, kidney, are mentioned as refinements
Wic. 2 Pur. xxxiv. 11.
among “the homely trees" in the garden. Chau. struggling into notice. Peter (quod a plowman).
QUARTAN. Recurring on the fourth day. See cer, Rom. of the Rose, v. 1374.
Chaucer, in v. Quotidian, infra.
QUINIBLE, s. Is explained (says Skinner), a (These) peculiarities would have denominated me a QUARTERN. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Payse, treble. Green Horn, or in other words, a country prut very green. supra.
Therto he song somtime a loud
quinible. Adventurer, No. 100.
Chaucer. The Mulleres Tale, v. 3332.
Whether thei sungen not to hym by queeris (var. r. ca. peta, is rendered horn-pultere; pultere with horn. And al the world quared.
rouls, per choros), and seiden, Saul smoot a thousynde, and Sothli of the companye thei withdrowen sum man,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12196. Dauid smoot ten thousynde.- Wic. 1 Kings xxi. 11. Alisaundre, Jewis puttinge or fer schowfynge. (L. V. prut- And Saule saw the tentis of Philisteis, and dradde and tiden, var. r. pultyng or pultiden, propellentibus.) his herte quauyde (var. r. quakide, erpavit) ful myche.
QUIT. See Piers Plouhman in v. Quench, supra. Wic. Deeds xix. 33.
Wic. 1 Kings xxviii. 5. To quite vows (vota solvere).- Wic. Num. xv. 3. PUTATIVE. Lat. Put-are, to cut out; sc. any
Also after the wynde, quauynge; not in the quauynge
Y schal zelde vengeance to myn enemyes, and Y schal the Lord. (L. V. stiring, commotio.)
quyte (retribuam) to hem that haten.--Id. Deut. xxxii. 41. thing hurtful or useless. Met. To cut out-false
Id. 3 Kings xix. 11.
Every Christen wight shal han penance, opinions — preserving only true; to clear away
But if that he his Christendome withseye; doubtful or obscure notions. See Aulus Gellius,
QUEACH. A queach of bushes, in Julia Barnes,
gon al quite, if he wol it reneye. l. vi. c. 5, quoted by Vossius. Skinner thinks, is a quick or quickset of bushes.
Chaucer. Seconde Nonnes Tale, v. 15916.
That all arrestments, reprisals, and impignorations of PUZZLE.
QUEDE. Lat. Ni fallor; Dut. Quaede; Ger. whatsoever goods and merchandizes, &c. made, &c. are from O Flan. They have got the old Gentleman into such Quad. Bad, wicked. Skinner. And see Quad in henceforth quiet, free, and released. puzzleation, that I don't believe he knows what he wishes Wachter. Quaed in Kilian. Also Tyrwhitt.
Hackluyt, v. i. Richard II. and Pruss. Ambass. himself.– Foote. The Bankrupt, A. iii.
A Qüede, An evil, a harm.
QUIVER, s. PYRAMID, s. Volney derives from Brur a mit
God 'give the monke a thousand last quad yere (i. e. a Agen eche pale (she) shal sitte and agen alle arewe shal
thousand last (ever so great a weight) of bad yeres). -The Cave or Sepulchre of the dead. Mr. Ren
opene quyuere (pharetram) to the tyme that she faile. Chaucer. Prioresses Prol. v. 13368.
Wic. Ecclus. xxvi. 15. ouard approves the Etymology of De Sacy~from My fader it (Daunger) is such a quede,
QUOD. See QUOTH. the Egyptian, Pehram; the sacred place. See
That where I come, he is tofore,
I quethe him quite (i. e. I say he is, I declare him, quit).
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7001
Cotidien, ne the quarteine,
Is not half so full of peine.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 240L.
QUYTER, v. Perhaps from A. S. Scyt-an, to , A gathering; a collection.
QUYTURE, s. ) shoot.
Ne with the quyterende enuye wei I shal han. (L. V. To find the quadrature of the circle, is to find a recti- And je schulen offre brent sacrifice to the Lord, it is
with enuye werynge rotun, invidia tabescente.) inear quadrilateral plane rectangular and equilateral, forsothe of companye, and of quelet; al seruile werk je
Wic. Wis. vi. 15. whose area or space included within the linear perimeter schulen not do in it. (L. V. gaderynge, est enim cætus atque
The which (Job) with a scherd scrapide awei the quyture may be most accurately equal to the proposed circle, i. e. collecta.)- Wic. Lev. xxiii. 36; and Deut. xvi. 8.
(saniem), end the dunghil.-là. Job ü. 8. to the plane area which is circumscribed by the circular
Thou forsothe art cast aferr fro thi sepulcre, as a stoc perimeter.-Barrow. Mathematical Lectures, xi. p. 201. QUEMEFUL.
unprofitable, as with quyture defyled. (L. V. defoulid with QUADRUPED.
Thin ire ceesse and be thou quemeful on the wickidnesse rot, pollutus.)-Id. Is. xiv. 19. But learn we might, if not too proud to stoop
of thi puple. (E. V. peesyble, placabilis.)
Wic. Er. xxxii. 12.
He shal biseche God, and he shal be quemeful to hym.
(E. V. plesable, placabilis.)-Id. Job xxxii. 26.
My deeth shal releve,
And bothe quykne and quyte lede se warly, or queyntely (caute).- Wic. Mark xiv. 44. That queynt was thorugh synne. A bird . . . . all full of colour strange and coint,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12772.
RA, RAE. See Roe.
The sone of tresoun, that was Judas, acquenchid.
Wic. Prol. Luke.
Two rabitynges (L.V. dentynges, incastrature) weren by
eche tables, that the tone to that other myzt be ioyned.
Wic. Et. xxxvi. 22; also 24. QUERNE. QUAKE.
RABBLE, 0. In the North still in common use. And the pople sode about, and gaderide it (manna), and Hese thingus also shul dreden and quaken in the wei brak with a quearne stoon. (E. V. gryndstoone, mola.)
To speak in a confused manner.-Brocket; and in (be aferd, formidabunt).- Wic. Eccles. xii. 5.
Wic. Num. xi. 8.
the Exmouth Dialect-A rabble-rote is a repetition Forsothe drede and quakynge (tremor) had assayled QUERROUR. See QUARRY.
of a long, round-about story. Grose. Fox (see in hem, or gon in to hem, and to no man thei seiden ony
Dictionary) writes, “ to rabble out the scriptures thing, forsothe thei dreden.-Id. Mark xvi. 8.
without purpose, rime, or reason." QUAKER.
And the Lord seide to Moyses, Ber afen the zerde of To rabble was the common word used in Scotland The violent enthusiasm of this sect, like all high pas.
Aaron into the tabernacle of witnessynge, that it be kept at the time of the Revolution to denote the outrages
there into the tokne of the rebel sones of Israel, and the sions, being too strong for the weak nerves to sustain, threw the preachers into convulsions, and shakings, and querels resten (L. V. plontis, querelæ quiescant) fro me,
of " a noisy, tumultuous medley” of Covenanters lest thei dien. - Wic. Num, xvii. 10.
towards the Church clergymen. For the extent to