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the churches of God, for your patience and faith in all your perfecutions, and tribulations that ye endure. 5. Which is a h manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, * for which ye also suffer : 6. Seeing it is a righteous 'thing with God to recompence tribulation to them that trouble you. 7. And to you who are troubled, 'n rest with us, when * the Lord Jesus Thall be revealed from heaven with * his mighty angels [Gr. angels of his power ]

8. In • flaming fire * taking [Or, yielding]


boafted any thing to him of you, I dost thou not judge and avenge oner am not ashamed ; but as we fpake Blood on them that dwell on the all things to you in Truth, even fo Earth. our boasting which I made before 7.

in Heb.

4: 9, 10. There reTitus is found a Truth. † 2 Cor.s mainech therefore a Rest to the 9. 2. I know the forwardness of People of God. For he that is en: your Mind, for which I boaft of you tred into his Reft, he also hath ceafto them of Macedonia, that A- ed from his own Works, as God chaia was ready a Year agoe ; and did from his. Rev. 6. 11. -It your Zeal hath provoked very ma. 10 was faid unto them, that they ny. f 1 Thef 2.19. What is our should reft yet for a little Season, hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing ? until their fellow-fervants also, are not even ye in the Presence of and their Brethren that should be our Lord Jesus Christ at his com- killed as they were, should be fuling.


filled.: Rev. 14. 13. -Blessed Thef. 2. 14. Ye, Brethren, are the Dead which die in the became followers of the Churches Lord, from henceforth : Yea, faith of God, which in Judea are in the Spirit, that they may rest frore Christ Jesus: for ye also have suf- their Labours.- See on Rom. 8. fered, like things of your own

18 Countrymen, even as they have of nt Thef.4. 16. See on Acts the Jews. 5.

h † Phil. 1. 28. And in no. 8. • Exod. 19. 18. Mount Sinai thing terrified by your Adverfa- was altogether on a Smoke, ben ries : which is to them an evident cause the Lord descended upon it in. Token of Perdition, but to you of 25 Fire.- Exod. 24. 17. The Sight. Salvation, and that of God. of the Glory of the Lord was like i See on Luk.20. 35.

devouring Fire on the Top of the * † 1 Thef. 2. 14. The Words Mount; in the Eyes of the Chil.

dren of Ifrael. Lev. 10. 2. There 6. Zech, 2. 8. Thus faith the 30 went out Fire from the Lord and deLord of Hofts, After the Glory

voured them, [Nadab and Abihul hath he sent me unto the Nations and they died before the Lord, which spoiled jou, for he that touch- Numb. 16. 35. There came out 6 eth you, toucheth the Apple of Fire from the Lord and consumed

Mat. 16. 27. - Then 35 the two Hundred and fifty Men flail he reward every Man accord- that offered Incense. ing to his works. Rev. 6. 10. They 24. The Lord thy God is a conline cried with a loud Voice, saying, mns Fire, even a jealous God. How long, O Lord, holy and true, 40




under ver. 4.

his Eye.

Deut. 4.

der Ver. 9.

vengeance on them that i know not God, and that a co bey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Chrift: 9. Who fhall be punished with severlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and s' from the glory of his pow. er; '10. When he shall come to be * glorified in his

a faints, and to be a admired in all them that believe (because our 5 testimony among you was believed) in that day. 11. Wherefore also we pray afways for you, that our God would * count [Or, vouchsafe] you worthy of this calling, and fulfil all the good pleasure of his goodness

, and the work of faith with power. I 2.

d That the

name Deut. 9. 3. Understand therefore this Day, that the Lord thy God is 9. * Mat. 25:41. -Depart from he which goeth over before thee as me ye cursed into everlasting Fire, a confuming Fire: he shall destroy prepared for the Devil and his them.--. Psal. 97. 3. A Fire goeth ç Angels

. Rom. 2.,8,9. Unto them before him, and burneth up his E- that are contentious, and do not o. nemies round about. Ifa. 66. 15. bey the Truth, but obey unrighBehold, the Lord will come with teousness ; indignation and wrathi Fire, and with his Chariots like a tribulation and anguish upon every Whirlwind, to render his Anger 10 Soul of Man that doch evil. : Phil. and Fury, and his rebuke with Flames 3. 19. Whose End is Destruction of Fire. Ezek. 36. $. Thus faith 2 Pet. 3. 7. The Words un. ghe Lord God, Surely in the Fire of der Ver. 8. my jealoufie have I spoken against s Deut. 33. 2. The Lord the relidue of the Heathen. -Dan. 15 came from Sinai,-. He came with 7. 9. I beheld till the Thrones ten thousands of Saints: from his. were cast down, and the antient

right Hand went a fiery Lav for of Days did fit -- His Throne was them. : Isa. 2. 19. They shall Bike the fiery Flame, and his Wheels go into the Holes of the Rocks, and like burning Fire. Zeph. 1. 18 Nei 20 into the Caves of the Earth, for ther their. Silver nor their Gold fear of the Lord, and for the Gloshall be able to deliver them in the

ry of his Majesty, when he ariseth to Day of the Lord's Wrath, but the fhake terribly the Earth." whole Land shall be devoured by Thef. 2.8. -And shall destroy with the pire of his jealousie.--, Zeph. 3.25 the brightness of his coming . $. --All the Earth shall be devour- 10. u . Pfal. 89.7. God is greatly ed by the Fire of my Jealousie. Heb. I be feared in the allembly of the 10.37. A certain fearful looking Saints: and to be had in Reverente for of Judginent, and fiery Indigna- of all them that are about him. 01072, which shall devour the Ad-30 a :: Plal. 68. 35. O God, thou versaries. Heb. 12. 29. Our God art terrible out of thy holy Pla is a couliming Fire. † 2 Pet. 3: 7.

ces, the God, of Israel is he that The Heavens and the Earth which

giveth Strength and Power unto his are - now, by the same Word are (People: blessed be God. kept in fiore, rifirved unto Fire a-35 ✓ See on i Cor. 1.6. gainst the Day of Judgment, and II. c See on Gal. 5. 6. perdition of ungodly Men.

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12. Rom. 2. 7, 10. To them P See on 1 Thef. 4. 5.

who by patient continuance in well. Rom, 2.8. The Words un.











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name of our Lord Jesus Christ may be glorified in you, and ye in him, according to the grace of our God, and the Lord Jesus Chrift.


A P. II. ow we beseech you, brethren, by the coming

of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him, 2. “That ye be not foon haken in mind, or be troubled, neither (1) by d fpirit, nor by word, nor by letter, from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. 3. Let no

deceive you by any means : for that day shall

not come,

except there come a falling away first, and that man


of loing seek for Glory, and Honour, Spirits, and Do&rines of Devils. ind immortality, eternal Life. But 2 Tim. 3. 1. This know also, that slory, Honour, and Peace, to every in che last Days perilous times shall Man that workech good, to the come. 2 Pet. 3. 3. Knowing this lew first, and also to the Gentile. 5 first, that there shall come in the

1 Pet. 1.7. That the Trial of last Days Scoffers. 1 Joh. 2. 18. our Faith being much more pre

Little Children, it is the last time : ious chan of Gold,— might be and as ye have heard that Antichrist ound unto Praise, and Honour, and shall come. - Jude ver. 18. (The Hory, at the appearing of Jesus 1o Apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ) Christ. ;: i Per. 4. 14.


there fhould be Mockers in eproached for the Name of Christ, the last time. appy are ye ; for the Spirit of 6: Dan. 7. 25. He shall speak flory, and of God refteth upon great Words against the most ou: on their Part he is evil fpo. 15 High, and shall wear out the Saints en of, but on your part he is of the most High, and think to lorified.

change Times and Laws: and CH A P. II.

they shall be given into his Hand, ', Thes.

See on

until a Time and Times, and the

20 dividing of Time. fi Joh. 2. 18. : 1 Thes.

4. 17. See on Joh. The Words above. 1 Joh. 4. 3. Eve2, 26.

ry Spirit that confeffech not that 2. * † Eph. 5. 6. † 1 Joh. 4. I. * 1 Joh. 4.1. Jesus Christ is come in the Fleth,

is not of God: and this is that 1 Joh. 4. 1. Beloved, believe 25 Spirit of Antichrist, whereof you tervery Spirit, but try the Spi- ' have heard that it should come,

and even now already is it in the 3. See on Mat. 24. 4. 3:

World. † Rev. 13. 11. I beheld. 1 Tim. 4. 1. Now the Spia another Beast coming up out of Espeaketh exprefly, that in the 30 the Earth, and he had two Horns tter Times Some shall depart from like a Lamb, and he spake as a Dra? Faith, giving heed to seducing

gon (1) That is, by Perfons fallly pretending to Revelations and Dreams, id to be inspired by the holy Spirit, co when the Spirit never gave uthority

told you


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ze on Mat. 24. 4.


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(1) of sin be revealed, the h son of perdition: 4.

Who oppofeth and ' exalteth himself k above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God fitteth in the temple of God, thewing himself that he is God. 5. Remember ye 'not, that when I was yet with with you, I told you these things ? 6. And now ye know, what * withholdeth [Or, holdeth] that he might be revealed in his time. 7. For the mystery of iniquity doth

already 'work: only he who now letteth, will let, un til he be taken out of the way. 8. And then fhall that wicked be revealed, in whom the Lord hall consume




gon. + 1 Mac. 2. 48, 62.- Nei- him that flayeth thee. † Dan. 11. ther suffered they the Sinner to tria 36. And the King shall do accordumph. Fear not then the Words ing to his Will, and he shall exalt of a sinful Man: for his Glory himself, and magnifie himself above shall be Dung and Worms. Ś every God, and shall fpeak marve

Joh 17.12. -None of them lous things against the God of is loft, but the Son of Perdition- Gods, and Thall prosper till the In

i. 114. 14. 13. Thou hast dignation be accomplished : for faid in thine Heart, I will afcend that that is determined shall be into Heaven, I will exalt my Throne 1o done. Rev. 13. 6. And he opened above the Stars of God: I will his Mouth in Blasphemy againg sit also upon the Mount of the God,

to blafpheme his Name, and Congregation in the fides of the his Tabernacle, and them that North. t Ezek. 28. 2, 3, 9. Son dwell in Heaven. of Man, say unto the Prince of 15, ki Cor. 8. 5. Though there Tyrus, Thus faith the Lord God, be that are called gods, whether in Because thine Heart is lifted up, Heaven or in Earth, (as there be and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit gods many, and lords many). in the seat of God: -Yet thou art 7:'i Joh. 4. 3. The Words a Man, and not God, though thou 20 under Ver. 3. set thine Heart as the Heart of Ged.

8. m.

Dan. 7. 10, 11. A fiery Behold, thou art wifer than Dani- Stream issued, and came forth from el; there is no secret that they before him. I beheld then, bei can hide from thee. Wilt thou cause of the Voice of the great yet say before him that payeth thee, 25 Words which the Horn spake : I am God? but thou shalt be a beheld even till the Beaft was fait, Man and no God in the Hand of


(1) In the Hebrew Language, which the Writers of the New.Teftar ment imitate, it is usual, instead of an Epithet expressing the Nature or Qualities of the Person or thing spoken of, to put the Substantivo in the genitive Cafe; for instance, Vanity of Vanities; that is, the higheft and vainelt Vanity. Ecclef. 1 2. A Man of Sorrows ; that is, a very Sorrowful and afflicted Man: So here, a Man of Sin ; that is, a very finfe! or wicked Man, one who is as it were made up of Wickedness. Henry More, and several other eminent Writers, prove that by this Mad of Sin is meant the Pope and Clergy of the Church of Rome. See his Ny* flery of Iniquity, Book. II. Chap 19, &c.

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vith the spirit of his mouth, and fhall destroy with he brightness of his coming : .. Even him whole comng is after the working of Satan, with all power, and figps, and lying wonders, 10. And with all deceivebleness of unrighteousness, in ' them that perifh; because they received not the love of the truth, that they night be faved. 11. And for this causes God shall end them strong delufion, # that they should believe a ie: 12. That they all might be damned, who believe lot the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness. 13. fut we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, rethren, beloved of the Lord, because God hath from he beginning chosen you to salvation, a through fanétiication of the Spirit, and belief of the truth: 14. Whereinto he called you by our gospel, to the e obtaining of he glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 15. Therefore, brehren, ftand fast, and (1) hold the f traditions which ye

have nd his Body destroyed, and given 1. 29. For that they hated Know. o the burning Flame.

ledge, and did not choose the fear + Hof. 6. S.

of the Lord. t Ezek. 14.9. If the Rev. 2.16. Rev.19.15,21. See Prophet be deceived when he hath

s fpoken a thing, I the Lord have 19; Heb. jo. 27.

deceived that Prophet, and I will

ftretch out my Hand upon him, 9. P Eph. 1. 2. Wherein in and will destroy him from the ime past ye walked according to midst of my People Ifrael. See he Course of this world, according 10 the References and Note on Acts O the Prince of the Power of the 7. 42. lir, the Spirực that now worketh u't i Tim. 4. 1. The Words the Children of Disobedience. under Ver. 3.

Rev. 18. 23. By thy Sorceries a See on Rom. 1. 8. vere all Nations deceived.

** Ther

. 1. 4. Knowing, * + Deut. 13. 1. Rev. 13. 13. 'Brethren beloved, your Eletion

of God. 10. " + 2 Cor. 4. 3. See on 2 c See on 2 Tim. 1. g.

dt i Per. 1. 2. See on Luk. 1 Kings 22. 23. Behold, 20 1.75. he Lord hath put a lying Spirit 14. et Joh. 17. 22. The Glory in the Mouth of all these thy [A- which thou gaveft me I have given habs] Prophets, and the Lord hath them. poken Evil concerning thee. Prov. 15. f + 2 Ther. 3.6.

(1) Some of the Writers of the Church of Rome, fancy that this Text gives Countenance to their Do&trine of unwritten Traditions; but their Mistake will be sufficiently manifest, by considering what it is the Apce file here enjoins the Church of the Thessalonians.. Is it any thing more than that they should observe, hold, and keep what was immediately de.


in Eph. 6. 17.

See on 2

Thef. 1.8,9.


See on Mat. 24. 24.

Cor. 2.15.


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