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sati;” presented by the author. Mr John Ritchie was unanimously admitted an ordinary member.

19th December.--Mr Cox read an Account of the Thugs or Stranglers of Central India, by H. H. Spry, Esq. Bengal Medical Service, Saugor; with remarks by himself on seven of their skulls presented to the Society by George Swinton, Esq.

23d January 1834.—Mr Simpson read Observations on the connexion between the present unfavourable condition of the British people, and the imperfections of their education. The following work was presented by the author :--" Epilepsy, a case of twenty years standing cured, with the treatment and remarks thereon. By John Epps, M. D. London, 1834."

6th February.--Mr Cox read an Account of the life, character, opinions, and cerebral development of Rajah Rammohun Roy. Donations :-Cast of the skull of Dr Spurzheim ; presented by the Boston Phrenological Society. Two French marked busts, and marked cast of the brain ; presented by Dr William Gregory.

20th February.--Mr Simpson read Observations on the effects of defective education on the condition of the middle and higher classes of society.

20th March.--Mr Cox read an Essay on the elementary function of the organ of Combativeness. — The Secretary read a letter which he had received from J. J. F. Hely, Esq. Rome, relative to the skull of Raphael ; upon which the Society expressed themselves highly gratified by that gentleman's attention.

17th April.-The following papers were read :-An Essay on the existence of a faculty of Modesty or Shame between the sexes, with an attempt to explain the origin of the institution of marriage ; communicated by a phrenologist resident in France.- Notes respecting two suicides, casts of whose skulls are now presented by the Dunfermline Phrenological Society.-In voting thanks to that Society for this esteemed donation, the meeting expressed their high satisfaction with the zeal and activity which have so long distinguished the phrenologists of Dunfermline,

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2. The Warwick and Leamington Phrenological Society.

4th April 1834.- The Society held its first meeting; John Conolly, Esq. M. D. in the Chair. The President, on taking the chair, expatiated at some length, in an interesting and eloquent address, upon the advantages likely to be derived by society at large from the study and general reception of Phrenology as the true doctrine of the mind; and concluded by energetically urging the members to exert themselves for the promotion

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of so desirable an object.— The Secretary then read communications from Mr Combe, Dr Elliotson, and Dr Kennedy, consenting to become Honorary Members of the Society. --Seven new Ordinary Members were announced, (the names of the original members were mentioned in our last number, p. 663), namely, Peter Francis Juard, Esq. M. D., Warwick; John Wilmshurst, Esq. Surgeon, Warwick $ Rev. George Childe, A. M.,

Chaplain to the County Prisons ; George Cattell Greenway, Esq. Solicitor, Warwick • WI E Buck, Esq. Solicitor,

; -W. : Warwick ; Henry L. Smith, Esq. Surgeon, Southam; and S. Levason, Esq. Leamington. Some conversation took place respecting casts, busts, &c., when the Secretary was commissioned to write to Mr Combe to solicit his assistance in obtaining what might be requisite. 10. The thanks of the meeting were voted to Mr Levason of Leamington and also to Mr Rider of Leamington, for having offered their services gratuitously, the former as caster, the latter as artist to the Society. Henry Jephson, Esq. M. D. of Leamington was proposed as an Ordinary Member._Mr Watson then read an Essay on the history of Phrenology, &c. which the President was requested by members present to transmit to the Editors of the Phrenological Journal, for publication in as early a number of that work as would suit their convenience.*The Secretary was requested to procure four copies of Mr Combe's Elements of Phrenology, to be kept in constant circulation amongst the members.

6th June. For the benetit of the non-medical members, Mr W. D. Watson demonstrated the anatomy of the scalp, muscles, skull, and other coverings of the brain; and adverted to the various impediments to the formation of a correct estimate of the development of certain cerebral parts during life. He also pointed out the situation of the different organs, taking for this purpose the aid of a brain, plirenological bust, and the beautiful - mechanical brain" of Mr Bally of Manchester, a copy of which he had procured for the occasion. Dr Henry Jephson of Leamington was elected an ordinary member. It was announced that an essay on some subject connected with phrenology would be read at the next meeting, on 1st August, by Dr Conolly,

3. The Edinburgh Ethical Society for the study and practical appli

cation of Phrenology. 4th November 1833.-The following office-bearers were elected: Dr William Gregory and Robert Cox, Presidents ;

The essay here mentioned was forwarded to us accordingly; but though it is a production of considerable merit, and well adapted to the audience before which it was read, we have respectfully declined to insert it-for two reasons : 1st, The subjects treated are already familiar to a large proportion of our readers; and, 2dly, Our materials are at present in a state of inconvenient superfluity.-ED.

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Arthur Trevelyan, James Marr, Donald Gregory, Thomas Duncan, and Robert Walker, Councillors ; Andrew Brash, Librarian; Thomas Moffat, Treasurer ; R. D. Douglas, Secretary.Dr Gregory then communicated to the Society some interesting particulars relative to the progress of Pbrenology in France.

11th November.---Mr Cox read a paper on the reception of Phrenology by medical men. Tri

18th November ---Mr Brasb read an essay on Fatalism.

25th November -Mr.Cox read an Exposition of the principles according to which phrenologists infer dispositions and talents from the size, form, and quality of the brain ; being the first of a series of essays on practical phrenology which he has undertaken, at the request of ihe Socieiy, to bring forward this winter.

20 December.--Mr Cox read an essay on the effects of different sizes of the head...:

9th December..Dr Gregory read plirenological observations on Mc Bulwer's work “ England and the English.” Mr Cox read an essay on the effect of very large size of head.

16th December.-Mr Brash read, an essay on the evils resulting from the Scotch law of primogeniture and entail. Mr Cox read an Essay on the effects of the different proportions in which the regions of the brain are developed relatively to each other.

23d December.-Dr Gregory read farther observations on Mr Bulwer's work.

20th January, 1834.-Mr Cox read an Essay on Amativeness.

27th January-Mr Drysdale read a Phrenological Analysis of the character of Cowper the poet. Mr Cox read Observations on the objection that Phrenology leads to materialism.

3d February.--Mr Alexander Ireland read an Essay on free inquiry.

10th February.-Mr A. G. Hunter read an Essay on the freedom of the will.

17th February.-Mr John Mackenzie read an Essay on moral responsibility. Mr Cox read Remarks on the objection that Phrenology leads to the doctrine of fatalism ; also an Essay on Philoprogenitiveness.

24th February-Mr Cox read an Essay on the character and cerebral development of Rammohun Roy.

3d March.--Mr Walker read a Phrenological Analysis of the character of George IV.

10th March.--Mr Douglas read an Essay on the Animal Propensities. Mr Brash read an Essay on Marriage.

17th March.- Mr Cox read an Essay on Concentrativeness. 24th March.-Mr Mackenzie read an Essay on Beauty. 29th March.— The Society dined in the Café Royal.

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31st March.--Mr Cox read an Essay on Combativeness; and Mr James M‘Kean read a paper on Love.

5th May.-Mr Cox read an Essay on the character and cerebral development of Robert Burns. A discussion ensued, in which a part was taken by two of Burns's correspondents, Messrs Robert Ainslie and George Thomson, the former of whɔm read several of the poet's letters. On the motion of the essayist, the thanks of the Society were voted by acclamation to Messrs M.Diarmid, Rankine, Kerr, Bogie, Crombie and Blacklock, of Dumfries, for their exertions in procuring a cast of the poet's skull.

12th May.--Dr Gregory read an Essay on the character and cerebral development of Signor Emiliani, and on the Faculties which constitute the elements of musical genius.

19th May.-Mr Brash read an Essay on Mind and Matter. 26th May.-Mr Cox read Observations on the effect of intellectual education on the moral character.

2d June.-Mr Brash brought under the notice of the Society a statement regarding the effects of a wound in the brain, in an article in Chambers's Edinburgh Journal, entitled “ The Philosophy of Death, No. 2. ;" which gave rise to some conversation. The Society spent the remainder of the evening in the examination of crania.

9th June.—Mr Cox read an Essay on Adhesiveness, and communicated to the Society a paper on Modesty and the origin of Marriage, written by a phrenologist resident in Paris.

16th June.An Essay on the Temperaments, by Mr Daniel Noble, surgeon in Manchester, was read; also some account of the Caribs.

23d June.-Several members read characters inferred from the development of an individual whose bead had been manipulated by Mr Cox.

30th June.—Mr J. Montgomery Stuart read first part of an Essay on criminal legislation, by Sir G. S. Mackenzie, Bart. Messrs Brash and Cox read characters deduced from two skulls from New South Wales.

7th July.-An Essay on civilization, by Mr Simpson, was read.

14th July.-Mr Brash read a paper entitled “ Anti-phrenology,” by the Rev. Charles Findlater, minister of Newlands; with an answer thereto by himself.

21st July.Mr Stuart read the second part of Sir George Mackenzie's Essay on criminal legislation.

28th July.-Mr Stuart read an extract from Moore's Life of Lord Byron, regarding the size of his Lordship's head; after "which a long discussion on this subject, and on the character and genius of Lord Byron, look place. The Society then adjourned till the first Monday in November.


London UNIVERSITY AND PHRENOLOGY.–At the annual examinations in the medical school of the London University in May last, several of the pupils in the Practice of Physic class, of which Dr Elliotson is Professor, adopted the phrenological principles as the only basis on which an intelligible account of mental affections could be erected. We have seen two or three of the extempore dissertations on this subject, and have been extremely grati. fied with their general clearness and accuracy. It will one day be the proud boast of the London University, that, knowing Dr Elliotson to be a phre. nologist, and one who would not conceal his opinions, it nevertheless placed him in its most important chair. To Dr Elliotson himself it must afford infinite satisfaction to witness the readiness with which the ablest of the unprejudiced youths who listen to his prelections seize upon the truth and apply it to practical purposes. We congratulate the University on having a man of Dr Elliotson's undoubted eminence and talent among its medical professors. Few have of late years done so much as he to advance the science of medicine ; and his reputation as a physician is so well established, that his ad. vocacy of Phrenology cannot fail to operate most extensively and beneficially on the younger members of the profession. We need hardly remind our read. ers, that Dr Elliotson was one of the earliest phrenologists in Britain, and that he wrote in favour of Phrenology at a time when obloquy and ridicule were likely to be his sole rewards.

MANCHESTER.— The Manchester Phrenological Society continues to display much activity. We intended to publish in this Number an excellent essay on the Temperaments, read at one of the meetings by Mr Daniel Noble, surgeon; but are reluctantly obliged to postpone it for want of room. It shall certainly appear in our next.

LYMINGTON.-We observe from the Salisbury Herald of 31st May, that on the 19th of that month, Mr Deville gave a lecture on Phrenology at the Ly. mington Literary and Scientific Institution; the money paid for admission being given to the funds of the public dispensary. “ The lecture,” says the Herald, “ was well attended ; indeed the boxes were completely filled by most of the respectable inhabitants; and if we may be allowed to form an opinion, Phrenology has gained not a few points amongst us.”

Glasgow._We are much pleased by the able Report of the Committee of the Glasgow Mechanics' Institution, dated 6th May 1834. It contains a for. cible reply to the objection that the scientific knowledge taught in the Institution has not a sufficiently moral and religious tendency. That Phrenology continues to maintain its ground is obvious from the following extract :“ The Committee have pleasure in announcing, that, at their solicitation, Dr William Weir has kindly consented to deliver a course of lectures on Phrenology in the Institution, during the months of August, September, and Oc. tober next. In this course, Dr Weir will give a concise and popular view of the principles of the science; a full account of the various organs and facul. ties; with a consideration of the practical application of Phrenology to general conduct, education, and the science of morals.” The first lecture, as we learn from the Glasgow Argus, was delivered on 5th August. “ It occupied nearly an hour and a half, was delivered in a clear and forcible manner, and was listened to with marked attention by the very large and respectable assembly.”

Paris.-An association entitled “ The Universal Society of Civilization," has been established in Paris. It has instituted a philosophical school, where lectures are given gratis, on sciences, arts, and industry. M. Dumoutier re. cently lectured on Phrenology to crowded audiences.—The fifth, sixth, and seventh Numbers of the Journal of the Phrenological Society of Paris, which we have now obtained, indicate no abatement of spirit in its conductors. We shall take an early opportunity of noticing at some length the contents of these Numbers.

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