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perhaps Saunderson's Algebra: but on the university. An hint of this kind, opening it, this huge volume proved to will certainiy be sufficient to have this be a poinpous edition of Gibson's Trea- laudable design put in practice the very tise on the Diseases of Hortes.
next meeting; and I cannot help reflect. Thele indeed are noble Itudies, will ing on this occasion, what an unspeakpreserve our youth from pedantry, and able fatisfaction it must be to those permake them men of the world. Men of sons of quality, who are constantly at genius, who are pleased with the iheory Newınarket, to see their fons cherish the of any art, will be contented until they fame noble principles with themselves, arrive at the practice. I am told that and act in imitation of their example. the young gentlemen often try the speed Goon, braveyouths ! 'till, in some future age, of the Cambridge nags on the Beacon Course, and that several hacks are at
Whips shall become the senatorial badge;
'Till England see her jockey senators present in training. I have often won
Meet all at Westminster in boots and spurs; dered, that the gentleinen who form the Sce the whole house, with mutual frenzy mad, club at Newmarket, never reflected on
Her patriots all in leathern breeches ciad; their neighbourhood to Cambridge, nor Of bets, not taxes, learnedly debate, established (in honour of it) an univer- And guide with equal reins a steed and fate. Sity plate, to be run for by Cambridge
WARTON'S NEWMARKET. hacks, rode by young gentlemen of
No XLII. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1754,
SERMONUM STET HONOS ET GRATIA VIVAX.
WHAT ENERGY AND GRACE ADORNS OUR TONGUE!
be foreign words, ancient or modern, cr account of a set of gentlemen, who any cant terms coined by The Town, meet together once a week, under the for the service of the current year. name of The English Club. The title, The whole account which I received with which they dignify their fociety, from my friend, gave me great fatisfacarises from the chief end of their meet. tion: and I never remember any fuciety ing, which is to cultivate their Mother that met together on such commendable Tongue. They employ half the time principles. Their proceedings, it muit, of their assembling in hearing some of however, be confeffed, are somewhat our best classics read to them, which ge- unfashionable; for the English Tongue nerally furnishes them with conversa. is become as little the general care as tion for the rest of the evening. They English Beef, or English Honesty. Young have instituted annual festivals in ho- gentlemen are obliged to drudge at school nour of Spenser, Shakespeare, Milton, for nine or ten years, in order to scrape &c. on each of which an oration, in- together as much Greek and Latin terspersed with encomiums in the Eng- as they can forget during their tour lish language, is spoken in praise of the abroad; and have commonly at the same author, who (in the phrase of the al- time a private master, to give them manack) gives the red letter to the day. French enough to land them with some They have also eftablished a fund, froin reputation at Calais. This is to be sure which handsome rewards are allotted to very prudent as well as genteel. Yet Those who hall fupply the place of any some people are perverse enough to imaexotic terms, that have been smuggled gine, that to teach boys a foreign laninto our language, by homespun British guage, living or dead, without at the 'words, equally significant and expres- laine tiine grounding them in their mo. five. 'An order is also made against im- ther tongue, is a very prepofterous plan porting any contraband phrases into the of education. The Romans, though club, by which 'heavy fines are laid on they studied at Athens, directed their those who hall have any modifh bar- ftudies to the benefit of their own counbarisms found upon them; whether they try; and though they read Greek, wrote in Latin. There are at this day in in the uncouth dialect of the Huns, ór France academies established for the sup- the rude gabble of the H ::tentois: or if port and preservation of the French lan. their words are at all allied to the language: ar.d perhaps, if to the present guage of this country, it probably comes professorships of Hebrew and Greek, nearest to the itrange cant said to be in there should be added a professorship of use among housebreakers and highwaythe English language, it would be no men; and if their jargon will bear any disgrace to our learned universities.
explanation, the curious are mott likeWhen we consider, that our language ly to meet with it in a polite vocabulary, is preferable to most, if not all others lately published under the citle of the dow in being, it seems something extra. Scoundrel's Dictionary. ordinary, that any attention should be Many who are accounted men of paid to a foreign tongue that is refused learning, if they do not join with fops to our own, when we are likely to get and coxcombs to corrupt our language, So little by the exchange. But when we at least do very little to promote it, and seflect further on the remarkable purity, are sometimes very indifferently acto which come late authors have brought quainted with it. There are many perit, we are still more concerned at the fons of both our universities, who can present neglect of it. This shameful decypher an old Greek manuscript, and negle&t I take to be owing chiefly to construe Lycophron exti mpore, who these two reasons; the false pride of those scarce know the idiom of their own lanwho are esteemed men of learning, and guage, and are at a loss how to dispatch the ridiculous affectation of our fine a familiar letter with tolerable facility. gentlemen, and pretenders to wit. These gentlemen seein to think, that
In complaisance to our fine gentle. learning consists merely in being verled men, who are themselves the allowed in languages not generally understood. standards of politeness, I shall begin But it thould be considered, that the with them first. Their conversation fame genius which animated the ancients, exactly answers the description which has dispensed at least some portion of Benedick gives of Claudio's. Their it's heat to later ages, and particularly ' words are a very fantastical ban- to the English. Those who are really quel, juft so many strange dishes.' charmed with Homer and Sophocles, These dishes too are all French; and I will hardly read Shakespeare and Milton do not know whether their conversation without emotion; and if I was inclined does not a good deal depend on their bill to carry on the parallel, I could perhaps of fare; and whether the thin meagre mention as many great names as Athens diet, on which our fine gentlemen fub. ever produced. The knowledge of fit, does not in some measure take away Greek, Latin, &c. is certainly very vathe power of that bold articulation, ne- luable; but this may be attained with. cellary to give utterance to manly Bri- out the loss of their Mother Tongue: tish accents: whence their conversation for these reverend gentieinen should becomes • fo fantastical a banquet,' and know, that languages are not like preevery sentence they deliver is almost as ferments in the church, too many of heterogeneous a mixture as a falma- which cannot be hell together. gundy. A falhionable coxcomb now This great neglect of our own tongue never complains of the vapours, but tells is one of the principal realons that we you that he is very much ennuyée :-he are fo feldon tavoured with any publidoes not affect to be genteel but dega. cations from either of our univerfities; fée:nor is he taken with an elegant which we might expect very often, confimplicity in a beautiful countenance, fidering the great number of learned bui breaks out in raptures on a je ne men who rende there. The press beIçai quoi, and a certain naiveté. In a ing thus deserted by those who might word, his head as well as his heels is naturally be expected to support it, fälls entirely French; and he is a thorough to the care of a set of illiterate hirelings, petit maitre in his language as well as in whole hands it is no wonder if the behaviour. But notwithitanding all this, language is every day mangled, and I do not know, whether the conversa- should at lait be utterly deftroyed. tion of our pretenders to wit is not still Writing is well known to be at premore barbarous. When they talk of fent as much a trade as any handicraft Humbug, &c. they seem to be jabbering whatever; and every man, who can vainp
up any thing for present sale, though dence to venture to the press, but are rzo · void of sense or syntax, is litted by the ther guilty of wilful injustice to them. booksellers as an author. But allows felves and to the public. They are also ing all our present writers to be men of alhamed of appearing among the common parts and learning, (as there are doubt. herd of authors. But the press, though less some who may be reckoned fo) is it it is often abused, thould by no means probable that they should exert' their be accounted scandalous or dishonourabilities to the utmost, when they do able. Though a learned and ingenious not write for fame, like the ancients, writer might not chuse to be multered in but as a means of sublistence? If Hero- the same roll with - or Mr. dotus and Livy had fold their hiltories Town, yet we have an Hooke, a Browne, - at so much a meet, and all the other an Akenside, and many others, in whose Greek and Latin classics had written in company it will be an honour to appear. the same circumstances with many mo- I would not willingly suppose, that they dern authors, they would hardly have are afraid to hazard the characters they merited all that applause they fo justly now maintain, of being men of learnreceive at present. The plays of so- ing and abilities; for while we only take phocles and Euripides might perhaps these things for granted, their reputanot have been much better than modern tions are but weakly established. To tragedies; Virgil might have got a din. rescue our native language from the ner by half a dozen Town Eclogues; and hands of ignorants and mercenaries, is Horace have wrote birth-day odes, or a talk worthy those who are accounted now and then a lampoon on the company ornaments of our feats of learning; and at the Baiæ.
it is surely more than common ingratiA false modesty is another great cause tude in those who eat the bread of litera. of the few publications by men of emi. ture, to refuse their utmost endeavours nence and learning. However equal to to support it. the talk, they have not sufficient confi
No XLIII. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1754.
SPECTARET POPULUM LUDIS ATTENTIUS IPSIS,
PIT, BOX, AND GALLERY, I WITH JOY SURVEY,
gave notice in the bills for his the chief faults to which our performers benefit night, that the prologue should are liable. To-day I Mall beg leave to be spoken by the Pit, which he contrived fay a word or two to the audience, as to have represented on the stage. Ano- my reflections on the theatre would ther time he drew in the whole house to otherwise be incomplete. On this ocact as chorus to a new farce; and I re- cafion I expect the thanks of the manainember, that in the last rebellion the gers: and would recommend it to them loyal acclamations of God save the to put my thirty-fourth number into a • King' might have been heard from frame and glass, and hang it up in the Drury Lane to Charing Cross. Upon Green Room for the benefit of the these and many other occasions the au- players; and to dispose three or four dience has been known to enter into the thousand of the present number into the immediate business of the drama; and, several parts of the house, as Bayes disto say the truth, I never go into the perfed papers to insinuate the plot of his theatre, without looking on the specta. piece into the boxes. tors as playing a part almost as much as The first part of the audience, that the actors themselves. All the company, demands our attention, is so nearly alfrom tbe itage box to the upper gallery, lied to the actors, that they always apknow their cues very well, and perform pear on the same level with them: but ?heir parts with great fpirit. I began while the performer endeavours to carry
on the bufiness of the play, these gentle. tumble drunk into the boxes. Before
the center of it is collected that awful The boxes are often filled with per- holy diftinguithed by the title of The sons, who do not come to the theatre Town. Hence are iffied the irrevocable out of any regard to Shakespeare or Gar- decrees; and here final fentence is prorick, but, like the Fine Lady in Lethe, nounced on plays and players. This 'because every body is there.' As these court las ofien been very levere in it's people cannot be expected to mind the decisions, and has be n known to deplay themselves, we can only defire them clare many old plays barbarously murnot to call off the attention of others; dered, and most of our modern ones for interrupt the dulogue on the stage felo de se: but it must not be dissembled, by a louder conversation of their own. that many a caule of great consequence The silent courtship of the eyes, ogles, has been denied a fair hearing. Parties nods, glances, and curtsies from one box and private cabals have orten been to another, may be allowed them the formed to thwart the progress of merit, fame as at church; but nothing more, or to espouse ignorance and dulnels: except at curonations, funeral process for it is not wonderful, that the parliafons and partomimes. Here I cannot ment of criticisin, like all others, should help recommending it to the gentlemen, he liable to corruption. In this allemwho draw the pen froin under their bly Mr. Town was filt nominated right ears about seven o'clock, clap on Critic and Censor-General: but confi. a hag.wig and sword, and drop into the dering the notorious bribery now preboxes at the end of the third act, to take vailing, I think proper to declare,(in imi. their half-crown's worth wis n uch tation of Tom in the Conscious Lovers) decency as possible; as we.i he that I never took a single order for my Bloods, who reel from the tavern ab ut vote in all my life. Covent Garden near that tiine, and Those who pay their two shillings at
the door of the Middle Gallery, seem Upper Gallery, would content themto frequent the theatre purely for the felves with the inferior duties of their fake of seeing the play: though these office; viz. to take care that the play peaceful regions are sometimes disturbed begins at the proper time, that the muby the incursions of rattling ladies of fic between the acts is of a due length, pleasure, sometimes contain persons of and that the candles are snuffed in tune. fashion in disguise, and sometimes critics After these brief adınonitions conin ambush. The greatest fault I have to cerning our behaviour at the play, which object to those who fill this quarter of the are intended as a kind of vade mecum theatre, is their frequent and injudicious for the frequenters of the theatre, I caninterruption of the business of the play by not conclude my paper more properly their applause. I have seen a bad actor than with an extract from the Tale of a clapt two minutes together for ranting, Tub, shewing the judicious distribution or perhaps thrugging his shoulders, and of our play-houles into Pit, Boxes, and making wry faces; and I have seen the Galleries. natural course of the passions checked in "I confess, that there is something a good one, by these ill-judged teftimo. very refined in the contrivance and nies of their approbation. It is record- • structure of our modern theatres. For, ed of Betterton to his honour, that he first, the Pit is funk below the stage, thought a deep silence through the whole that whatever weighty matter shall be house, and a strict attention to his play. • delivered thence, (whether it be lead ing, the strongest and surett signs of or gold) may fall plum into the jaws his being well received.
of certain critics, (as I think they are The inhabitants of the Upper Gallery called) which stand ready opened to demand our notice as well as the rest of " devour them. Then the Boxes are the theatre. The Trunk-maker of im. " built round, and raised to a level with niortal memory, was the most celebrated " the scene, in deference to the ladies; hero of these regions: but since he is ' because that large portion of wit, laid departed, and no able-bodied critic ap- out in raising pruriences and protu. pointed in his room, I cannot help giv- ' berances, is observed to run much ing the same caution to the Upper Gal- upon a line, and ever in a circle. The lery, as to the gentry a pair of stairs • whining passions, and litile starved lower. Some of the under-comedians conceits, are gently wafted up, by their will perhaps be displeased at this order, own extreme levity, to the middle who are proud of these applauses, and region, and there fix and are frozen rejoice to hear the lusty bangs from the by the frigid understandings of the oaken towels of their friends against the ' inhabitants. Bombatry and buf. wainscot of the Upper Gallery: but I ' foonry, by nature lofty and light, foar think they should not be allowed to highest of all, and would be loft in the Thatter the pannels without amending ' roof, if the prudent architect had not our taste; since their thwacks, however ' with much forelight contrived for them vehement, are seldom laid on with suffi. a fourth place, called the Twelve. cient judgment to ratify our applause. penny Gallery, and there planted a It were better, therefore, if all the pre- • luitable colony, who greedily intercept fent twelve-penny critics of this town, • then in their passage.' who pretide over our diversions in the
No XLIV. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1754.
World, as Cenfor General; and upon entirely of Ladies. Every Joan is a Itrict review was very much surprised lifted into a Lay; and the maid and the to find that there is scarce one woman mittress are equally dignified with this to be met with, except among the lowest polite titie. The stage-coaches are con